Mrs.Solecky. Global I Flashcard Review. Ancient Middle East, Ancient Egypt, Judaism

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1 Mrs.Solecky Global I Flashcard Review Ancient Middle East, Ancient Egypt, Judaism

2 36. Region within the Middle East (Fertile Crescent ) that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers where civilizations first arose; Called the Crossroads of Civilization due to trade and warfare.

3 36A. Mesopotamia

4 37. Civilization: World s 1 st civilization -located in Mesopotamia -Complex government -Social hierarchy (based on birth) - polytheistic faith Ziggurats(Temples) - Achievements: Irrigation ditches and channels-shaduf Cuneiform movements of planets and sun number system based on 6, hours, 360 circle, Wheel Epic of Gilgamesh

5 37A. Sumer

6 38. Empire: -Conquered Mesopotamia -1 st law code-hammurabi Code -built the Hanging Gardens - Ishtar Gate +Famous Rulers: Hammurabi and Nebucdnezzar

7 38A. Babylon

8 39. 1 st codified system of law->written code of law- Criminal and Civil laws -Harsh favored the wealthy and men-unequal treatment Ex. Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth

9 39A. Hammurabi s Code

10 40. Stepped temple typically found in Mesopotamian civilizations used in the worship of their Gods.

11 40A. Ziggurat

12 41. System of ranking for society typically determined by one s birth EX. Feudal system, Caste system, Spanish colonies

13 41A. Social hierarchy

14 42. The ability to move up or down on the social hierarchy within a society ->Ancient societies to tended to be limited or rigid social structures.

15 42A. Social mobility

16 43. Early system of writing developed in Mesopotamia in which wedges are used to make marks in clay ->recorded transactions from trade

17 43A. Cuneiform

18 44. Empire: -Conquered part of Mesopotamia - knowledge of iron; resulted in iron tools and weapons and the horse drawn-chariot - Spread knowledge to other regions Era of Iron Age starts around 1200 B.C

19 44A. Hittites

20 45 Empire: -Warrior society -Conquered parts of Mesopotamia -Disrupted trade and conquered regions within Mesopotamia and Northern Africa large empire -Worlds 1 st library

21 45A. Assyrians

22 46. Civilization: -Settled along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea -Expert sailors -Carriers of Civilization Alphabet- Cultural diffusion -Est. colonies and promoted extensive trade->purple dye

23 46A Phoenicians

24 47. Empire: -Conquered Mesopotamia and created a massive empire -Unified system of laws -Advanced roads -Systems of weights and measures -Money economy -Zoroaster +Famous rulers: Cyrus the Great Darrius I, Xerxes

25 47A. Persian Empire

26 48. Monotheistic religion developed in the Persian Empire and spread along the Persian roads. Placed an emphasis on the afterlife such as heaven and hell.

27 48A. Zoroasterism

28 49 Territory settled and ruled by people from another land.

29 49A. Colony

30 50. Name given to a ruling family that goes on for generations EX. China

31 50A. Dynasty

32 51. Civilization: -Developed along the Nile River -Centralized government under a Pharaoh - Polytheistic - Strict social hierarchy (birth and occupation) - Achievements Irrigation systems-shadufs Hieroglyphics Papyrus Pyramids Mummification Calendars ->Famous rulers: Hatshepsut, Ramses II, King Tut

33 51A. Ancient Egypt

34 52. Rulers of Ancient Egypt who claimed to be God s on earth

35 52A. Pharaoh

36 53. System of government that includes different job functions and levels of authority answerable to a ruler; typically found in a centralized government

37 53A. Bureaucracy

38 54. Early system of writing in which pictures represents objects, concepts, or sounds EX. Egypt, Mayan, Aztec s

39 54A. Hieroglyphics

40 55. Stone monument that includes the same passage carved in hieroglyphics, demotic script, and Greek that was used to decipher the meaning of many hieroglyphics. EX. Artifact

41 55A. Rosetta Stone

42 56. Monotheistic faith: -Developed: Israel -Text: Torah -Teaching: 10 Commandments -Symbol: Star of David

43 56A. Judaism

44 57 Jewish Holy Book or text

45 57A. Torah

46 58. Moral guidelines or major teaching found in Judaism and Christianity

47 58A. 10 Commandments

48 59. Forced removal of the Jewish people from their homeland; heavily influenced the development of Judaism

49 59A. Diaspora

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