CPR Written Exam: Community Rescuer

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1 CPR Written Exam: Community Rescuer ANNOTATED EXAM KEY, Version C Section 1: Adult CPR Certification 1. For effective compressions on an adult: A. Push hard, at least 2 inches. B. Push fast, at least 100 compressions per minute. C. Minimize interruptions to compressions. Workbook Topic: CPR Overview, Quality Compressions: Push hard and fast, minimize interruptions to chest compressions Workbook Topic: C-A-B; Compressions, Depth: at least 2 inches on an adult. Rate: At least 100 compressions per minute. 2. The most important part of CPR and the C-A-B sequence is: A. Airway management B. Rescue breathing C. Chest compressions Workbook Topic: CPR Overview, Good quality chest compressions are the most important part of CPR. 3. Before starting CPR on an adult: A. Check for response. B. Call 911 and get the AED. C. Check for breathing. Workbook Topic: Adult CPR, Check Response and Activate EMS: Tap the victim s shoulder and shout. If no response, yell for help. Send a bystander to call and get the AED. Go yourself if a bystander is not available. Check Breathing 4. Before starting chest compressions, check for breathing by scanning the chest for seconds. A. No more than 30 B. 15 to 20 C. 10 to 15 D. 5 to 10 Workbook Topic: Adult CPR/Child CPR/Infant CPR, Check breathing: Scan for breathing for 5-10 seconds. 5. Where should you put your hands to do chest compressions on an adult or child? A. Between the nipples B. Just below the nipple line C. Anywhere on the upper 1/3 of the chest D. Just above nipple line Workbook Topic: C-A-B, Place the heel of one hand in the center of the chest between the nipples and the other hand on top.

2 6. What does full recoil for chest compressions mean? A. Bend your elbows as much as possible during chest compressions. B. Take your full weight off the chest, do not lean on the chest, between compressions. C. Keep some weight on the chest between compressions. D. Remove your hands from the chest to get a bouncing action with each compression. Workbook Topic: C-A-B, Full Recoil: Allow the chest to fully expand to its starting position between each compression. 7. During rescue breaths: A. Watch for chest rise with each breath. B. Give just enough air for the chest to start rising. C. Don t breathe too hard or too fast. Workbook Topic: C-A-B; Breathing, Watch the chest rise when giving breaths. Only give enough air to cause the chest to rise (about 1 second per breath). Excessive breaths may lead to vomiting. 8. If there is more than one rescuer during CPR, switch rescuers every: A. 4 minutes B. 3 minutes C. 2 minutes D. 1 minute Workbook Topic: Adult CPR; Continue CPR, Avoid fatigue: If an additional rescuer is present, change rescuers every 5 cycles (about every 2 minutes). 9. The rate of chest compressions is at least per minute. A. 60 B. 80 C. 100 D. 120 Workbook Topic: C-A-B; Compressions, Rate: At least 100 compressions per minute. 10. For CPR, treat a victim like an adult if he or she is: A. Age 8 or older and weighs over 55 pounds. B. 10 years old C. Age 18, when the person is a legal adult D. Showing signs of puberty Workbook Topic: Adult CPR; Adult Age, Puberty and older - Male: facial or underarm hair, - Female: signs of breast development. 11. If a person is not breathing or only gasping (agonal breaths), give compressions. A. 20 B. 30 C. 40 D. 50 Workbook Topic: C-A-B, Quickly check for breathing by visually scanning the victim s chest. If no breathing, or only gasping, begin compressions. Immediately provide 30 chest compressions.

3 12. What should you do to protect yourself from bloodborne pathogens (BBP)? A. Wear watertight gloves. B. Use a CPR barrier for rescue breathing. C. Wash your hands after glove removal. Workbook Topic: Protection from Infection; Universal Precautions (list), - Use personal protective equipment: moisture-proof gloves, mask, gown, eye protection. - Use a CPR barrier for rescue breathing, - Wash hands thoroughly before and after giving care, and after cleaning an accident scene. 13. What are the major symptoms of a heart attack? A. Confusion, sweaty skin, restlessness B. Slurred speech, uneven smile, weakness in one arm C. Chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating a lot D. Hot, flushed, dry skin; confusion; extreme thirst Workbook Topic: Heart Attack; Signs and Symptoms (list), - Chest discomfort: pain, crushing, pressure, tightness, squeezing, fullness; - Shortness of breath; -Pale, cool, sweaty skin 14. What are the major symptoms of a stroke? A. Confusion, sweaty skin, restlessness B. Slurred speech, uneven smile, weakness in one arm C. Chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating a lot D. Hot, flushed, dry skin; confusion; extreme thirst Workbook Topic: Stroke; Signs and Symptoms (list), - Weakness or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, usually on one side of the body; - Difficulty speaking or swallowing. 15. After completing 30 compressions, it should take no more than seconds to give 2 breaths and resume compressions. A. 5 B. 10 C. 15 D. 30 Workbook Topic: Adult CPR; B: Breaths, Provide 2 rescue breaths. It should take less than 10 seconds to stop compressions, give 2 breaths and resume compressions. Section 2: AED Certification 1. How do two rescuers share the roles of providing CPR and using an AED? A. One rescuer waits for EMS. The other provides CPR and uses the AED. B. One rescuer does CPR. The other reads the AED instruction manual. C. One rescuer uses the AED. The other keeps bystanders back. D. One rescuer does CPR. The other uses the AED. Workbook Topic: Using an AED; Apply AED Pads, If there are two trained rescuers, one performs CPR while the other prepares the AED for use.

4 2. Put the steps for using an AED in the right sequence. A. Put on pads, turn on AED, resume CPR, deliver shock B. Turn on AED, put on pads, deliver shock, resume CPR C. Put on pads, resume CPR, turn on AED, deliver shock D. Turn on AED, deliver shock, resume CPR, put on pads Workbook Topic: Using an AED (Header Sequence), Power on the AED, Apply AED Pads, Clear the Victim & Shock, Resume Compressions. 3. What is the last step before delivering an AED shock? A. See if there is a doctor to help B. Check for breathing C. Ask for permission to help D. Make sure no one is touching the victim and yell, Clear! Workbook Topic: AED Use; Clear the Victim and Shock, When prompted by the AED to deliver a shock (list): - The AED user quickly looks up and down the entire victim to ensure no one is touching him and loudly states, Everybody clear! The rescuer can now push the shock button. 4. You might have to move the AED pad because of: A. An implanted device B. A tattoo C. Water on the chest D. None of the above Workbook Topic: Special Considerations AED; Implanted Devices, Do not place an electrode (pad) directly over an implanted device. Adjust pad placement at least 1 away from the device. 5. On an adult, place AED pads on the: A. Right upper chest and left lower chest B. Left upper chest and right lower chest C. Front and back D. Right upper chest and left upper chest Workbook Topic: AED Use; Apply AED Pads (list), - Place one pad on the right side of the chest, just below the collarbone. - Place the other pad on the lower left side of the chest. Section 3: Child and Infant CPR Certification 1. Respiratory arrest can cause cardiac arrest in a child or infant. It may be caused by: A. Poisoning B. Drowning C. Choking Workbook Topic: Child CPR, Cardiac arrest in children usually results from respiratory arrest, not from a cardiac problem. Common causes include injury, poisoning, choking, drowning and asthma. Workbook topic; Infant CPR, Common causes include choking, injury, SIDS and respiratory illness.

5 2. If you are alone with a child or infant, do minute(s) of CPR before calling 911. A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 Workbook Topics: Child CPR and Infant CPR; Continue CPR, Continue cycles of 30 compression to 2 breaths. If you are alone, provide CPR for about 2 minutes (5 cycles of 30:2) before leaving to activate EMS. 3. How deep should you compress a child s chest? A. About 1 ½ inches B. About 2 inches C. At least 2 inches D. About 3 inches Workbook Topic: Child CPR, C: Compressions, Depth: About 2 4. Use to do chest compressions on an infant. A. 2 hands B. 1 hand C. 2 fingers D. 1 or 2 hands Workbook Topic: infant CPR; C: Chest Compressions, Perform 30 chest compressions with 2 fingers. 5. What are the steps for helping a conscious choking infant? A. 5 back slaps, 5 chest thrusts B. 5 abdominal thrusts, 5 back slaps C. Back blows and rescue breaths D. Chest thrusts and rescue breaths Workbook Topic: Infant Choking; Severe Obstruction, 4. Give 5 back slaps forcefully between the shoulder blades Give 5 quick downward chest thrusts on the lower half of the breastbone (same location as CPR), about 1 per second.

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