Chapter 3: Pronouns. Pronouns are a word that replaces a noun, or a group of words used as nouns. Lesson 21

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1 Chapter 3: Pronouns Pronouns are a word that replaces a noun, or a group of words used as nouns. Lesson 21 A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun, or a group of words used as nouns. Pronouns are classified in five (5) different categories: personal pronouns, relative pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, indefinite pronouns, and interrogative pronouns. Some pronouns can appear in more than one classification. The way in which a pronoun is classified depends on how it is used in a sentence. 1. She, him, his 2. I, you, your 3. He, himself, our 4. It, me, you 5. They, her, me Personal pronouns refer to three types of people: the speaker or speakers, those spoken to, and those spoken about. When a pronoun refers to the speaker or speakers, this is called first person. First person pronouns include: I, my, mine, me, myself, we, our, ours, us, ourselves. When the pronoun refers to people who are spoken to, this is called second person. Second person pronouns include: you, your, yours, yourself, yourselves. When the pronoun refers to those spoken about, this is called third person. Third person pronouns include: he, his, him, himself, she, her, hers, herself, it, its, itself, they, their, theirs, them, themselves. Personal pronouns can be singular (one) or plural (two or more), just as verbs and nouns. Instructions: Find the personal pronouns in these sentences. 1. She hit him on his head. 2. I saw you at your store. 3. He, himself, will be our new friend. 4. It will be hard for me to see you. 5. They always get angry with her and me

2 Lesson 22 The word for which the pronoun stands is called its antecedent. It may be in the same sentence, in a previous sentence, or not given at all. An example would be: The boy threw the football. He threw it over the fence. Boy is the antecedent for he, and football is the antecedent for it. A pronoun can also be an antecedent for another pronoun. For example: He likes his new car. He is the antecedent for his. The antecedent always comes before the pronoun for which it is the antecedent. Instructions: Pick out the pronouns and their antecedents in these sentences. 1. He ran after his dad. 2. Jennie wanted her doll for bedtime. Lesson 23 Some personal pronouns are called possessives because they show whose something is. Possessive pronouns include: my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, and theirs. An example would be: The money is mine. Mine tells whose money it is. Instructions: Find the possessive pronouns in the following sentences. 1. The new car is his. 2. Yours will be here tomorrow. 3. I like theirs best. 4. Should we go for a ride in his or hers? 3. The rabbit hopped into its hole. 4. They will help you with your work themselves. 5. The teacher gave us homework every day, and she made our lives miserable. 1. He is the antecedent for his. 2. Jennie is the antecedent for her. 3. Rabbit is the antecedent for its. 4. They is the antecedent for themselves, and you is the antecedent for your. 5. Teacher is the antecedent for she, and us is the antecedent for our. 1. his 2. yours 3. theirs 4. his, hers

3 Lesson 24 The personal pronouns myself, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves are compound personal pronouns, combining the personal pronoun with self or selves. These are known as reflexive pronouns. For example: Carl hurt himself. Instructions: Find the reflexive pronouns in these sentences. 1. I should understand myself better. 2. Ann bought herself two new hamsters. 3. They can't help themselves. 4. The boy cut himself on the broken glass. Lesson 25 The personal pronouns myself, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves can also be used as intensive pronouns. An example would be: Carl, himself, won the race. Instructions: Find the intensive pronouns in these sentences. 1. We, ourselves, went to the movie. 2. The man, himself, wrestled the alligator. 3. Jeanne, herself, gave us the gift. 4. They, themselves, had played until dark. 1. myself 2. herself 3. themselves 4. himself 1. ourselves 2. himself 3. herself 4. themselves

4 Quiz for Lessons Instructions: Find the personal pronouns. Tell if they are intensive, reflexive, or possessive; if they have an antecedent, name it. 1. I want you, yourself, to come tomorrow. 2. The decision, itself, is yours to make. 3. She gave herself up to the police. 4. My brother gave me his pet snake. 5. You can tie your shoe by yourself

5 Answers for Quiz (Lessons 21-25): 1. I, you, and yourself are pronouns. Yourself is intensive and you is its antecedent. 2. Itself and yours are pronouns. Itself is intensive, and yours is possessive. Decision is the antecedent for itself. 3. She and herself are pronouns. Herself is reflexive and has she as the antecedent. 4. My, me, and his are pronouns. My and his are possessives, and brother is the antecedent of his. 5. You, your, and yourself are pronouns. Yourself is a reflexive pronoun, and you is the antecedent for your and yourself. Your is possessive. Lesson 26 Relative pronouns join dependent clauses to independent clauses. Relative pronouns include: who, whose, whom, which, and that. For example, He found his money that he had lost. That joins the two clauses together into one sentence (clauses will be taught in detail later). Instructions: Find the relative pronouns in the sentences, and see how many other pronouns you can find as a bonus. 1. I want the house, which is brick. 2. Jack ordered the meal that we picked up. 3. Freddie is the girl who won the contest. 4. Jon is a man on whom I can rely. 5. The student whose answer was wrong turned bright red. 1. Which is the relative pronoun, and I is also a pronoun. 2. That is the relative pronoun, and we is also a pronoun. 3. Who is the relative pronoun. 4. Whom is the relative pronoun, and I is also a pronoun. 5. Whose is the relative pronoun

6 Lesson 27 Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that point out. They include: this, that, these, and those. For example: That is my hat. I like these not those. Instructions: Find the demonstrative pronouns in these sentences. 1. That is a great idea. 2. I will take those. 3. How much money do you want for this? 4. These are the shoes I want. Lesson 28 Instead of pointing out specifically, Indefinite pronouns point out generally. Indefinite pronouns include such words as another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, many, neither, nobody, none, no one, one, other, others, some, somebody, and someone. Instructions: Find the indefinite pronouns in the following sentences. 1. Everybody loves someone sometime. 2. Both of the students should hand in everything they have completed. 3. I didn't see anyone I knew. 4. If no one helps others, nothing gets done. 5. Somebody said that one should touch neither of them. 1. that 2. those 3. this 4. these 1. everybody, someone 2. both, everything 3. anyone 4. no one, others 5. somebody, one, neither

7 Lesson 29 Interrogative pronouns ask questions. Who, whom, whose, which, and what are interrogative pronouns. Instructions: Find the interrogative pronouns in these sentences. 1. What is that? 2. Who is going with me? 3. Which is the right answer? 4. Whose was right? 5. To whom did you want to speak? Lesson 30 This lesson is a review of the five kinds of pronouns. Instructions: Find each pronoun and tell what kind it is. Remember, pronouns are personal, relative, demonstrative, indefinite, or interrogative. 1. From whom did you get that? 2. Neither of my brothers would read me the story. 3. You need someone who will be kind to others. 4. What does this have to do with me? 5. I liked the play that you hated. 1. what 2. who 3. which 4. whose 5. whom 1. whom - interrogative, you - personal, that - demonstrative 2. neither - indefinite, my - personal, me - personal 3. you - personal, someone - indefinite, who - relative, others - indefinite 4. what - interrogative, this - demonstrative, me - personal 5. I - personal, that - relative, you personal

8 Quiz for Lessons Instructions: Find each pronoun. Tell if it is personal, relative, demonstrative, indefinite, or interrogative. List the antecedent if there is one. For each personal pronoun, tell if it is possessive, intensive, or reflexive. 1. He himself had helped my mother do something. 2. Which is the right room for this? 3. These are mine. Whose are these? 4. This is the book that I would recommend to you. 5. Everyone has talents. Some have many. No one has none. 6. He found himself lost in his dream. 7. I myself heard him blame himself in front of everybody. 8. Neither of them has anyone who will help us. 9. Who would have guessed that that was wrong?

9 Answers for Quiz (Lessons 21-30): 1. he - personal, himself - personal, intensive, my - personal, possessive. He is the antecedent for himself. (something is a noun) 2. Which - interrogative, this - demonstrative 3. These - demonstrative, mine - personal, possessive, Whose - interrogative, these - demonstrative 4. this - demonstrative, that - relative, I - personal, you - personal 5. everyone, some, many, no one, none - all are indefinite 6. he - personal, himself - personal, reflexive, his - personal. He is the antecedent for himself and his. 7. I - personal, myself - personal, intensive, him - personal, himself - personal, reflexive, everybody - indefinite. I is the antecedent for myself, and him is the antecedent for himself. 8. neither - indefinite, them - personal, anyone - indefinite, who - relative, us - personal 9. who - interrogative, that - relative, that demonstrative

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