characteristic Definition: what a thing has that makes the thing different from others; it identifies and individual or a group.

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1 characteristic what a thing has that makes the thing different from others; it identifies and individual or a group. Synonyms: attribute, feature, property, quality, trait fur the thick, soft hair that covers many mammals Breathing air with lungs is a characteristic of all mammals, birds, and reptiles. This rabbit has soft, brown fur. covering live-born what an animal has on the outside of its body such as fur, hair, feathers, or scales not hatched from an egg. Mammals have a body covering of fur or hair. Mammals like this cat are live-born.

2 lungs the organs of an animal s body used for breathing air You and I have lungs in our chest for breathing. warm-blooded Mammals and birds have a body temperature that stays close to the same, no matter what the temperature is of the air around them. Mammals and birds are warm-blooded animals. milk a white liquid produced by female mammals used for feeding their babies Baby mammals drink milk. young a new animal or plant produced by a parent Synonym: offspring, babies Puppies are the young of dogs.

3 aviary a large man-made enclosure where birds live and fly freely Many birds live in aviaries at the Zoo. feathers the body covering of birds Birds are the only animals that have feathers. Feathers help birds fly and also keep them warm and dry. egg what an animal hatches from; the first stage of a life cycle All birds hatch from hard-shelled eggs that the mother bird lays. lizard a type of landdwelling reptile characterized by a tail and four legs Lizards are reptiles.

4 hatch to break out or come out of an egg Chicks hatch from eggs. preen preening bird grooming; how a bird takes care of its feathers This bird is using its beak to preen the feathers on its wing. nest a safe place where some animals live and raise their young A nest is a good place to rest. wing the part of a bird s body used for flying Birds have two wings.

5 amphibian crocodiles, crocodilians an animal that begins life in the water and moves onto land as an adult. Frogs and salamanders are kinds of amphibians. a kind of reptile characterized by a large mouth with many teeth Alligators and crocodiles are kinds of reptiles. cold-blooded an animal having a body temperature that varies with the temperature of the air or water surrounding it. Cold-blooded animals cannot make their own body heat. fish an animal that lives its whole life in water and breathes with gills Fish have fins on their bodies that help them swim.

6 moist wet; damp, having a small amount of liquid salamander a type of amphibian that has a tail as an adult The salamander has moist skin like a frog. Amphibians, like this frog, have moist skin. reptile a class of air breathing, cold-blooded animals with backbones Snakes, turtles, lizards and alligators are all reptiles. scales, scaly what covers the bodies of reptiles and most fish Scales are small, thin, flat plates that help protect the bodies of reptiles and fish. Reptiles have scaly skin. Reptiles have dry skin covered by scales.

7 snake a kind of reptile characterized by a long, thin body with no legs Snakes have scaly skin. spider an invertebrate animal characterized by having eight legs Many spiders spin webs. turtle a type of reptile characterized by its shell Some turtles live on land. They are called tortoises. invertebrate an animal that does not have a backbone. Most of the animals in the world are invertebrates.

8 physical adaptation an animal s unique body part or behavior that helps it survive in its environment to do with the body Camouflage is a physical adaptation to help an animal hide in its habitat. The quill is an adaptation to protect some animals from predators. behavior primate the things an animal does The behavior that allows gorillas to move around is called knuckle-walking. any member of the group of intelligent mammals that includes humans, apes, monkeys, and prosimians A primate has hands, hand-like feet and forward facing eyes.

9 snail an invertebrate animal characterized by having a shell The snail crawls slowly. insect an animal that has six legs and three body parts. Many insects, like this fly, have wings. Insects are invertebrate animals. They have an exoskeleton instead of a backbone. worm an invertebrate animal characterized by having a long, thin body Worms do not have a skeleton. frog a type of amphibian characterized by having no tail and having long back legs Frogs are good at jumping.

10 gills animal the body part of fish and many other water animals used for breathing (taking in oxygen from the water) Fish use gills to get oxygen from the water they live in. a living thing that is not a plant. All animals must eat food. Most animals can move their bodies. People are part of the Animal Kingdom, too. metamorphosis The changes in shape and abilities that some animals go through as they grow from young animals to adults. Tadpoles change into frogs. This is a picture of their metamorphosis. backbone the column of bones located in the backs of some animals. Synonyms: spine, vertebra Mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish are animals that have backbones.

11 mammal the group of animals including humans that drink mothers milk; a warm-blooded animal that has a backbone and hair or fur on the body surface Dogs, elephants, mice and bats are examples of mammals. bird an animal that has two wings and is covered with feathers Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, breathe air with lungs, produce eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most birds can fly. beak the hard mouth part of a bird (and of some fishes and reptiles) A bird s beak helps it get food. vertebrate any animal that has a backbone Mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish are kinds of vertebrate animals.

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