THE CONSTITUTION. The Bill of Rights. Amendments Amendments 20-27

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1 THE CONSTITUTION The Bill of Rights Amendments Amendments 20-27

2 ARTICLE V: AMENDMENTS PROCESS BY WHICH CHANGES CAN BE MADE TO THE CONSTITUTION PROPOSAL Amendments to the Constitution must be approved by 2/3 of both houses of Congress to be proposed (or) 2/3 of the states call for a national convention for the proposal of an amendment RATIFICATION Amendments must be ratified by ¾ of the State Legislatures

3 Constitutional Flexibility Flexibility the ability to adapt or change. Amendment Process allows the Constitution to be changed (delete, add, or alter) to deal with problems. Why is this important? Under the Articles of Confederation, major changes were needed. (Example power to tax) Required all 13 states, and thus could not change. New process allows Constitution to be changed.

4 Ideas in the Bill of Rights Civil Liberties Freedom to think and act without government interference. Major Debate dealing with the Bill of Rights - Individual Rights v Society (Community Rights) - Must balance the exercise of individual rights and protection of society. - This Debate has played out in public schools, times of war, etc Limitations on Rights - Libel, Slander, Censorship, Rights of the Community

5 The Bill of Rights Amendment 1 Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, Petition, & Assembly Amendment 2 Right to Bear Arms Amendment 3 Quartering of Soldiers Amendment 4 Search & Seizure Amendment 5 Rights of the Accused Amendment 6 Requirements for a Jury Trial Amendment 7 Rules of Common Law Amendment 8 Limits on Criminal Punishment Amendment 9 Rights Kept by the People Amendment 10 Powers of the States and the People

6 Religion Assembly Press Petition Speech Amendment 1 RAPPS Religion Free Exercise Clause Congress shall make no law prohibiting the free exercise of religion. Establishment Clause Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion.

7 Amendment 2 The Right to Bear Arms A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

8 Amendment 3 Quartering of Soldiers No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner prescribed by law.

9 Amendment 4 Search & Seizure Search Warrants - Probable Cause - Specific for place, persons, or things.

10 Amendment 5 Rights of the Accused Grand Jury Double Jeopardy Privilege against Self-Incrimination Due Process of Law Eminent Domain

11 Amendment 6 Right to a Speedy Fair Trial Speedy & Public Trial Impartial Jury of the State Informed of nature & cause of accusation Confronted by Witness & have witness in favor Right to an Attorney

12 Amendment 7 Rights in a Civil Case Right to a jury trial in civil cases involving $20 or more. States have raised amount due to inflation

13 Amendment 8 Cruel & Unusual Punishment Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Bail Fines Punishment

14 Amendment 9 Powers of the People The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. ETC Amendment

15 Amendment 10 Powers of the States The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or the people. Reserved Powers Limited Government

16 Amendments Amendment 11 Suits Against States Amendment 12 Presidential Election Method Amendment 13 Slavery Abolished Amendment 14 Civil Rights Guaranteed Amendment 15 Black Voting Rights Amendment 16 Income Tax Amendment 17 Direct Election of Senators Amendment 18 Prohibition Amendment 19 Women s Voting Rights

17 Amendments Amendment 20 Terms of Office (Lame Duck) Amendment 21 Repeal of Prohibition Amendment 22 Limits on Presidential Terms Amendment 23 Electors for the District of Columbia Amendment 24 Abolition of Poll Tax Amendment 25 Presidential Disability Amendment 26 Voting Age Amendment 27 Congressional Pay

18 Civil Rights Amendments 13 th Amendment Abolished Slavery 14 th Amendment Civil Rights guaranteed, regardless of race, etc th Amendment Black Voting Rights cannot be denied the right to vote on the basis of race.

19 Suffrage Amendments Suffrage the right to vote 15 th Amendment Black Voting Rights 19 th Amendment Women s Voting Rights 23 rd Amendment Washington DC & the Presidential Election 24 th Amendment Abolish the poll tax 26 th Amendment Lowered the Voting Age to 18 years of age

20 Presidential Amendments Amendment 12 Presidential Election Amendment 20 Inauguration Day Amendment 22 Two Term Limit Amendment 25 Presidential Succession

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