Education and Training Human Growth and Development Multiple Choice Science Assessment Questions

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Education and Training Human Growth and Development Multiple Choice Science Assessment Questions"

Transcription

1 Human Growth and Development Multiple Choice Science Assessment Questions All science problems address TEKS Human Growth and Development. Human Growth and Development. (2) The student understands the importance of prenatal care in the development of a child. The student is expected to: (A) describe nutritional needs prior to and during pregnancy (B) analyze reasons for medical care and good health practices prior to and during pregnancy (C) outline stages of prenatal development (D) discuss the role of genetics in prenatal development (E) determine environmental factors affecting development of the fetus Biology. (6) Science concepts. The student knows the mechanisms of genetics, including the role of nucleic acids and the principles of Mendelian Genetics. The student is expected to: (A) identify components of DNA, and describe how information for specifying the traits of an organism is carried in the DNA (B) recognize that components that make up the genetic code are common to all organisms (D) recognize that gene expression is a regulated process (E) identify and illustrate changes in DNA and evaluate the significance of these changes (F) predict possible outcomes of various genetic combinations such as monohybrid crosses, dihybrid crosses and non-mendelian inheritance (G) recognize the significance of meiosis to sexual reproduction Biology. (10) Science concepts. The student knows that biological systems are composed of multiple levels. The student is expected to: (A) describe the interactions that occur among systems that perform the functions of regulation, nutrient absorption, reproduction, and defense from injury or illness in animals (C) analyze the levels of organization in biological systems and relate the levels to each other and to the whole system Human Growth and Developmemt Science Problems

2 2 1. Where is the location for sperm maturation? a. Testes b. Vas deferens c. Epididymis d. Urethra 2. Which structure is responsible for carrying sperm out of the body? a. Epididymis b. Testes c. Vas deferens d. Urethra 3. In the human female, which of the choices below is responsible for carrying the egg to the uterus? a. Fallopian tube b. Urethra c. Endometrium d. Vagina 4. Which part of a woman s body allows for the nourishment of a fertilized egg as it develops during the pregnancy? a. Ovary b. Fallopian tube c. Uterus d. Vagina 5. Which structure is responsible for carrying hereditary information? a. Blood cells b. Testes c. Ovaries d. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) 6. A couple decides to have a child. Even though they do not have Sickle Cell Anemia, there is a family history of the disorder on both sides. Should this be a concern for the couple and their future progeny? a. No. They do not suffer from the disease b. No. There is no risk of either one carrying the disease c. Yes. There is a chance both could be carriers d. Yes. Sickle Cell Anemia skips a generation; therefore, their children are guaranteed to carry the disorder

3 3 7. Which genetic disorder could be controlled through diet? a. Sickle cell anemia b. Cystic fibrosis c. Tay-Sachs disease d. Phenylketonuria (PKU) 8. Punnett squares are a tool that can be used to determine what offspring could be produced from a couple deciding to have a child. What concept allows this tool to work? a. Genes run in pairs, and each parent donates one of their copies to the resulting offspring b. Genes run in pairs, and each parent will take turns donating theirs to the offspring c. It shows the possible combinations of genes that can occur when both parents donate both of their genes to their offspring d. It uses blood samples from the parents to determine what genes are present 9. A couple receives genetic counseling to determine their risk for having a child who is color blind. The male is color blind, while the female does not have the condition but is a carrier. Which statement below is true? a. There is a 25% chance their daughters will be carriers b. There is a 25% chance their daughters will be color blind c. There is a 50% chance their sons will be carriers d. There is a 50% chance that their sons will be color blind 10. Which statement below is NOT true regarding the embryo stage of development? a. This stage lasts approximately eight weeks during which the placenta begins formation b. During this stage, the embryo travels down the fallopian tube, and attaches to the endometrial lining in the uterus c. During this stage, all of the systems begin to develop d. This stage is considered the later part of the pregnancy 11. The male and female reproductive cells needed to produce viable offspring are known as: a. The testes and the ovaries b. The gametes c. The zygote d. The embryo

4 4 12. Which structure below provides food and oxygen to the fetus? a. The uterus b. The fallopian tube c. The ovary d. The placenta 13. The purpose of fertilization of the egg is to: a. Ensure the resulting baby has 46 chromosomes b. Ensure the egg is protected during development and growth c. Ensure the egg doesn t implant in the fallopian tube d. Ensure the male has a role in the creation of a baby 14. A male carries the X and Y sex chromosomes. A female carries two X sex chromosomes. What is true regarding the conception of a male child? a. He carries two X sex chromosomes b. His mother provided him with a Y chromosome c. His father determined his sex d. His mother determined his sex 15. In its early infancy, a baby exhibits symptoms of tiredness, shortness of breath and pain. The doctors believe he has which of the following genetic disorders? a. PKU b. Tay-Sachs Disease c. Sickle Cell Anemia d. Down Syndrome 16. A child is producing thick, sticky mucous that affects breathing and digestion. Which of the following genetic conditions is the most likely diagnosis? a. PKU b. Tay-Sachs Disease c. Sickle Cell Anemia d. Cystic Fibrosis 17. A child presents mental retardation, has a short stature, stubby hands and feet. This child has a genetic disorder. Which genetic disorder is it most likely to be? a. PKU b. Tay-Sachs Disease c. Sickle Cell Anemia d. Down s Syndrome

5 5 18. Which structure is primarily responsible for removing waste products from the developing fetus? a. Fallopian tube b. Amniotic fluid c. Uterus d. Placenta 19. How many chromosome pairs do humans have? a. 24 b. 25 c. 23 d DNA contains all of the following except: a. Deoxyribose sugar b. Thymine c. Phosphate d. Uracil 21. Which is not a characteristic of the nucleic acid molecule DNA? a. It can leave the nucleus b. It contains thymine c. It is double stranded d. It contains the pentose sugar deoxyribose 22. Deoxyribonucleic acid can be found in the: a. Ribosome b. Endoplasmic reticulum c. Lysosome d. Nucleus 23. What actually determines the traits and characteristics of an individual? a. The phosphorus and sugar sequence b. The amino acid sequence in the cell membrane c. The nucleotide sequence in deoxyribonucleic acid d. The ribosomes processing the deoxyribonucleic acid

6 6 24. Substances that can cause a change in the composition of deoxyribonucleic acid are known as: a. Enzymes b. Catalysts c. Mutagens d. Promoters 25. Before meiosis can occur, what needs to take place? a. Transcription b. Translation c. Replication d. Mutation 26. Overexposure to radiation is most likely to cause an increase in: a. the rate of growth in a child b. the production of ATP c. the mutation rate d. the water consumption of the individual 27. A female and male mate. What is the likelihood of a male child being produced? a. 0% b. 25% c. 50% d. 75% 28. Which structure protects the developing baby from being injured should the mother fall? a. Fallopian tube b. Amniotic fluid c. Ovaries d. Umbilical chord 29. Antibiotics are used to treat some sexually transmitted diseases. Which of the following can be treated with antibiotics? a. Gonorrhea b. AIDS c. Genital herpes d. Human papilloma virus

7 7 30. Which statement is true for human development? a. Alcohol and drugs taken during pregnancy will not harm the embryo or the fetus. b. The first trimester of pregnancy is not important to the development of the embryo. c. Drugs and alcohol taken during pregnancy cannot cause birth defects d. Viral diseases may affect the development of the embryo. 31. The use of substances by the mother can have devastating consequences to the fetus. Women who smoke during their pregnancies have the following common characteristics. Which is the most common consequence? a. Below average intelligence and facial deformities b. Low birth weights c. Heart defects d. Arm or a leg not developed 32. Researchers estimate that approximately 58 percent of all natural conceptions never become properly implanted in the uterus which results in the new life ending before the mother is aware she is pregnant. When implantation is successful, hormonal changes halt a woman s: a. menstrual cycle b. physical growth c. hormone production d. hair growth 33. Down syndrome is the most common genetic anomaly during prenatal development. Typical features of Down syndrome include flattened facial appearance, heart defects, and mental retardation. The risk of having a child with Down syndrome increases with maternal age. Down syndrome is caused by: a. extra copy of the 21 chromosome b. two sperms fertilizing an egg at once c. extra copy of any chromosome d. shortage of chromosomal material 34. Within a few hours after conception, the single-celled zygote begins making a journey down the fallopian tube to the uterus where it will begin the process of: a. maturation b. implantation with simultaneous cell division and growth c. destruction d. growth

8 8 35. By the twelfth week of pregnancy, the embryo has already begun development of the basic organs and parts. Which of the following organs are used to determine gender of the fetus? a. the brain b. the eyes c. sex organs d. the stomach

9 9 Answer Key 1) C 2) D 3) A 4) C 5) D 6) C 7) D 8) A 9) D 10) D 11) A 12) D 13) A 14) C 15) C 16) D 17) D 18) D 19) C 20) D 21) A 22) D 23) C 24) C 25) C 26) C 27) C 28) B 29) A 30) D 31) B 32) A 33) A 34) B 35) C

Name Period _. Regents Biology Date _ REVIEW 4: REPRODUCTION

Name Period _. Regents Biology Date _ REVIEW 4: REPRODUCTION Name Period _ Regents Biology Date _ REVIEW 4: REPRODUCTION MITOSIS MEIOSIS Mitosis vs. Meiosis: Notice the number of chromosomes stays the same in mitosis, but the number of chromosomes is halved in meiosis.

More information

Mr. Storie 10F Science Reproduction Unit Review. Reproduction Review YOU ARE EXPECTED TO KNOW THE MEANING OF ALL THE FOLLOWING TERMS:

Mr. Storie 10F Science Reproduction Unit Review. Reproduction Review YOU ARE EXPECTED TO KNOW THE MEANING OF ALL THE FOLLOWING TERMS: Reproduction Review YOU ARE EXPECTED TO KNOW THE MEANING OF ALL THE FOLLOWING TERMS: CHROMOSOME GENE DNA TRAIT HEREDITY INTERPHASE MITOSIS CYTOKINESIS ASEXUAL BINARY FISSION CELL CYCLE GENETIC DIVERSITY

More information

Human Reproduction Practice Problems #1 Use your current knowledge and critical reasoning skills to choose the best answer

Human Reproduction Practice Problems #1 Use your current knowledge and critical reasoning skills to choose the best answer Human Reproduction Practice Problems #1 Use your current knowledge and critical reasoning skills to choose the best answer Use the diagram below and your knowledge of biology to answer questions 1 through

More information

Unit 8.2: Human Inheritance

Unit 8.2: Human Inheritance Unit 8.2: Human Inheritance Lesson Objectives Describe inheritance in humans for autosomal and X-linked traits. Identify complex modes of human inheritance. Describe genetic disorders caused by mutations

More information

Reproductive System & Development: Practice Questions #1

Reproductive System & Development: Practice Questions #1 Reproductive System & Development: Practice Questions #1 1. Which two glands in the diagram produce gametes? A. glands A and B B. glands B and E C. glands C and F D. glands E and F 2. Base your answer

More information

Research Techniques for Studying Development. Research Techniques for Studying Development. Correlational studies New York Times, July, 1999

Research Techniques for Studying Development. Research Techniques for Studying Development. Correlational studies New York Times, July, 1999 Research Techniques for Studying Development Correlational studies No direct cause-and-effect Experimental studies Independent variable versus dependent variable 1 2 Research Techniques for Studying Development

More information

12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity

12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity 12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity Only in the last 50 years have scientists understood the role of DNA in heredity. That understanding began with the discovery of DNA s structure. In 1952, Rosalind Franklin

More information

Week 5 EOC Review DNA, Mitosis, Meiosis, and Genetics

Week 5 EOC Review DNA, Mitosis, Meiosis, and Genetics Week 5 EOC Review DNA, Mitosis, Meiosis, and Genetics Benchmarks: SC.912.L.16.3 Describe the basic process of DNA replication and how it relates to the transmission and conservation of the genetic information

More information

Chapter 19. Prenatal Development and Birth

Chapter 19. Prenatal Development and Birth Chapter 19 Prenatal Development and Birth Lesson 1 The Beginning of the Life Cycle 1. Define the following terms. Fertilization The union of the male sperm and female egg. Implantation Zygote attaches

More information

4. Base your answer to the following question on on the picture below which represents systems in a human male and on your knowledge of biology.

4. Base your answer to the following question on on the picture below which represents systems in a human male and on your knowledge of biology. 1. Which structure is correctly paired with its function? A) ovary provides milk for newborns B) testis development of sperm C) placenta storage of released eggs D) uterus produces estrogen 2. Base your

More information

mutagen Somatic mutation Germ cell mutation A change in the DNA of an organism. Mutation Inversion Translocation deletion Non-disjunction Monosomy

mutagen Somatic mutation Germ cell mutation A change in the DNA of an organism. Mutation Inversion Translocation deletion Non-disjunction Monosomy Any substance that causes changes in the DNA of an organism. mutagen A change in the DNA of an organism which affects the body cells and cannot be passed down to offspring. A change in the DNA of an organism

More information

5. In what order do these stages of cell division progress? (write in the form of: 1, 2, 3, 4)

5. In what order do these stages of cell division progress? (write in the form of: 1, 2, 3, 4) Station 1 1. Name the stage of cell division shown in panel 1. 2. Name the stage of cell division shown in panel 2. 3. Name the stage of cell division shown in panel 3. 4. Name the stage of cell division

More information

Lesson Plan Predicting Combinations for Alleles in a Zygote Using Punnett Squares

Lesson Plan Predicting Combinations for Alleles in a Zygote Using Punnett Squares Lesson Plan Predicting Combinations for Alleles in a Zygote Using Punnett Squares Objective: Demonstrate how to use a Punnett Square to predict combinations for alleles in a fertilized egg (zygote) from

More information

Genetics 1 by Drs. Scott Poethig, Ingrid Waldron, and. Jennifer Doherty, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Copyright, 2011

Genetics 1 by Drs. Scott Poethig, Ingrid Waldron, and. Jennifer Doherty, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Copyright, 2011 Genetics 1 by Drs. Scott Poethig, Ingrid Waldron, and. Jennifer Doherty, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Copyright, 2011 We all know that children tend to resemble their parents in appearance.

More information

Genetics Test - Part I

Genetics Test - Part I Name: Class: Date: Genetics Test - Part I Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When an area of a chromatid is exchanged with the matching area

More information

Fetal Development. Month by Month

Fetal Development. Month by Month Fetal Development Month by Month Let s view a baby s growth from conception to birth. Take a peek inside the womb to see how a baby develops from month to month. FERTILIZATION/CONCEPTION Fertilization

More information

Johnson County OB/GYN, Chartered

Johnson County OB/GYN, Chartered Johnson County ob gyn Johnson County OB/GYN, Chartered Prenatal Tests and Procedures While you are pregnant your doctor may suggest a number of laboratory tests, ultrasound exams, or other screening tests.

More information

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Human Heredity Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The X and Y chromosomes are called the a. extra chromosomes. b. phenotypes.

More information

I. Types of Genetic Disorders

I. Types of Genetic Disorders I. Types of Genetic Disorders Sex-Linked Disorders Diseases caused by alleles on sex chromosomes Autosomal Dominant Diseases caused by dominant alleles Autosomal Recessive Diseases caused by recessive

More information

Elements of Biology Genetics Teacher s Guide

Elements of Biology Genetics Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide one Grade Level: 9 12 Curriculum Focus: Life Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description DNA carries the instructions for a plant s or animal s characteristics. Unravel

More information

Genetics (20%) Sample Test Prep Questions

Genetics (20%) Sample Test Prep Questions Genetics (20%) Sample Test Prep Questions Grade 7 (2a Genetics) Students know the differences between the life cycles and reproduction methods of sexual and asexual organisms. (pg. 106 Science Framework)

More information

Exercise- Genetics. 1. Which of the following statements is true of mitosis but not of meiosis?

Exercise- Genetics. 1. Which of the following statements is true of mitosis but not of meiosis? Exercise- Genetics 1. Which of the following statements is true of mitosis but not of meiosis? A. The chromosome number is halved. B. Pairing of homologous chromosome occurs. C. Produces genetic variations.

More information

Genetic Screening and Testing During Pregnancy

Genetic Screening and Testing During Pregnancy Genetic Screening and Testing During Pregnancy While most babies are born healthy and without birth defects, approximately 3-5% of all babies are born with a birth defect. Some of these babies will have

More information

NUCLEOTIDE - The basic structural units of nucleic acid. Each unit is composed of a five carbon sugar, a phosphate, and nitrogen base.

NUCLEOTIDE - The basic structural units of nucleic acid. Each unit is composed of a five carbon sugar, a phosphate, and nitrogen base. PROTEINS Proteins are used by cells to build structures and are used in chemical activities. Enzymes are proteins that aid in chemical reactions such as digestion and cellular respiration. Proteins are

More information

Heredity and Prenatal Development: Chapter 3

Heredity and Prenatal Development: Chapter 3 Genetics 1 DEP 4053 Christine L. Ruva, Ph.D. Heredity and Prenatal Development: Chapter 3 PRINCIPLES OF HEREDITARY TRANSMISSION Genotype Phenotype Chromosomes: in the nucleus of the cell store and transmit

More information

Organisms Reproduce. Question 1: What is the importance of DNA copying in reproduction?

Organisms Reproduce. Question 1: What is the importance of DNA copying in reproduction? Organisms Reproduce Question 1: What is the importance of DNA copying in reproduction? Answer: DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is the genetic material found in the chromosomes, which are present in the nucleus

More information

Meiosis & Genetics Unit Review Guide YMartinez

Meiosis & Genetics Unit Review Guide YMartinez Meiosis & Genetics Unit Review Guide 2011 YMartinez MEIOSIS 1. Chromosome: 1. Chromosome threadlike strands made of DNA and PROTEIN 2. Homologous Chromosome: 2. Homologous Chromosome: chromosomes that

More information

Routine Tests In Pregnancy

Routine Tests In Pregnancy Routine Tests In Pregnancy During pregnancy, all women have certain routine lab tests. These tests can help your doctor detect possible problems with your health and your baby's health. You also may have

More information

Genetic Disorders. Galactosemia Caused by autosomal recessive allele

Genetic Disorders. Galactosemia Caused by autosomal recessive allele Genetic Disorders - Autosomal Genetic Disorders - X-Linked Inheritance - Tracking Traits With Pedigrees - Changes in Chromosome Structure - Aberrations in Chromosomal Sets: Polyploidy - Incorrect Chromosome

More information

Genetics Copyright, 2009, by Dr. Scott Poethig, Dr. Ingrid Waldron, and Jennifer Doherty Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania 1

Genetics Copyright, 2009, by Dr. Scott Poethig, Dr. Ingrid Waldron, and Jennifer Doherty Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania 1 Genetics Copyright, 2009, by Dr. Scott Poethig, Dr. Ingrid Waldron, and Jennifer Doherty Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania 1 We all know that children tend to resemble their parents in

More information

Parent Signature: CHAPTER 4 Study Guide

Parent Signature: CHAPTER 4 Study Guide Name: Parent Signature: CHAPTER 4 Study Guide MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. What are multiple alleles? a. more than two genes that control a trait b. three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait c.

More information

The more varied population is older because the mtdna has had more time to accumulate mutations.

The more varied population is older because the mtdna has had more time to accumulate mutations. Practice problems (with answers) This is the degree of difficulty of the questions that will be on the test. This is not a practice test because I did not consider how long it would take to finish these

More information

STUDY GUIDE UNIT 3 GENETICS (SB2) Cell Size Limitations 1. Why do cells divide?

STUDY GUIDE UNIT 3 GENETICS (SB2) Cell Size Limitations 1. Why do cells divide? INTERPHASE STUDY GUIDE UNIT 3 GENETICS (SB2) Cell Size Limitations 1. Why do cells divide? Name: Date: Block: 2. How often do cells divide? Chromosome Structure 1. What is a chromosome? (i.e. what is it

More information

Amniocentesis. A procedure that allows a pregnancy to be tested for certain kinds of birth defects. About Integrated Genetics. Integrated Genetics

Amniocentesis. A procedure that allows a pregnancy to be tested for certain kinds of birth defects. About Integrated Genetics. Integrated Genetics Family history of an open neural tube defect Infection If a close relative has been born with an open neural tube defect, such as spina bifida or anencephaly, there may be an increased risk to other pregnancies

More information

MCC Biology Test Ch 9-12

MCC Biology Test Ch 9-12 Class: Date: MCC Biology Test 3 2014 Ch 9-12 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. As a cell becomes larger, its a. volume increases

More information

Unit 5 Genetics and Heredity (Standards)

Unit 5 Genetics and Heredity (Standards) Unit 5 Genetics and Heredity (Standards) S7L3 Students will recognize how biological traits are passed on to successive generations. S7L3a Explain the role of genes and chromosomes in the process of inheriting

More information

Foundations of Development. Reproductive Choices Environmental Contexts Prenatal Development

Foundations of Development. Reproductive Choices Environmental Contexts Prenatal Development Foundations of Development Reproductive Choices Environmental Contexts Prenatal Development Reproductive Choices Genetic Counseling more commonly occurs these days. It helps couples evaluate their chances

More information

Chapter 14 Mendel and the Gene Idea*

Chapter 14 Mendel and the Gene Idea* Chapter 14 Mendel and the Gene Idea* *Lecture notes are to be used as a study guide only and do not represent the comprehensive information you will need to know for the exams. Drawing from the Deck of

More information

Sex Linked / "X" Linked Genetics

Sex Linked / X Linked Genetics Sex Linked / "X" Linked Genetics Sex Linked : Sex chromosome abnormalities may also be caused by nondisjunction of one or more sex chromosomes. Any combination (up to XXXXY) produces maleness. Males with

More information

Chromosomes and Meiosis

Chromosomes and Meiosis Chromosomes and Meiosis Chromosomes are long, thread-like structures that form part of the chromatin network in the nuclei of cells. They are made up of a strand of DNA wound around histones (proteins).

More information

Chapter 14. The Human Genome

Chapter 14. The Human Genome Chapter 14 The Human Genome 14-1 Human Heredity Human Chromosomes Pieces of DNA that are found within the nucleus of a human cell. Biologists take chromosomes in their condensed form during mitosis, cut

More information

Chapter 17 Growth and Development

Chapter 17 Growth and Development Chapter 17 Growth and Development Lesson 1 The Beginning of Life Click for: >> Main Menu >> Chapter 17 Assessment Teacher s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation. Next >> fertilization

More information

Section 14 1 Human Heredity (pages )

Section 14 1 Human Heredity (pages ) Chapter 14 The Human Genome Section 14 1 Human Heredity (pages 341 348) TEKS FOCUS: 6A Information for traits in DNA: 6D Genetic variation; 6F Identify and analyze karyotypes This section explains what

More information

Prenatal Testing and Genetic Counseling

Prenatal Testing and Genetic Counseling (503) 652-8076 www.vivantemidwifery.com Prenatal Testing and Genetic Counseling Every parent hopes to have a healthy child. The good news is that most babies are born healthy. However, there are occasions

More information

DIAGNOSTIC TESTING AND SCREENING

DIAGNOSTIC TESTING AND SCREENING DIAGNOSTIC TESTING AND SCREENING All pregnancies carry about a 3% risk of either a birth defect or intellectual disability regardless of the mother s age, prenatal exposures, or family history. Some of

More information

Page 1. 1. The production of monoploid cells by spermatogenesis occurs in (1) zygotes (3) ovaries (2) testes (4) meristems

Page 1. 1. The production of monoploid cells by spermatogenesis occurs in (1) zygotes (3) ovaries (2) testes (4) meristems 1. The production of monoploid cells by spermatogenesis occurs in (1) zygotes (3) ovaries (2) testes (4) meristems Base your answers to questions 2 and 3 on the diagram below of the female reproductive

More information

X Biology I. Unit 1-7: Genetics

X Biology I. Unit 1-7: Genetics NOTE/STUDY GUIDE: Unit 1-7, Genetics X Biology I, Mr. Doc Miller, M.Ed. North Central High School Name: ID#: NORTH CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL NOTE & STUDY GUIDE X Biology I Unit 1-7: Genetics Additional resources

More information

Human Reproduction R EA D I N G

Human Reproduction R EA D I N G 40- to 1 50-minute session ACTIVITY OVERVIEW R EA D I N G This reading introduces the functions of the human male and female reproductive systems and structures that accomplish these functions. It provides

More information

Summary Human Heredity Human Chromosomes. Name Class Date

Summary Human Heredity Human Chromosomes. Name Class Date Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Name Class Date Chapter 14 Summary The Human Genome 14 1 Human Heredity Biologists can analyze human chromosomes by looking at a karyotype. A karyotype is a

More information

Our understanding of Mendelian inheritance in humans is based on the analysis of family pedigrees or the results of mating that have already occurred.

Our understanding of Mendelian inheritance in humans is based on the analysis of family pedigrees or the results of mating that have already occurred. Advanced Biology Notes: Human Disorder Pedigree analysis: Our understanding of Mendelian inheritance in humans is based on the analysis of family pedigrees or the results of mating that have already occurred.

More information

Chapter 12. Patterns of Heredity and Human Genetics

Chapter 12. Patterns of Heredity and Human Genetics Chapter 12 Patterns of Heredity and Human Genetics Male Female Affected male Affected female Parents Siblings Known heterozygotes for recessive allele Pedigrees shows inheritance in a family Mating Death

More information

Living Environment Dr. Golub. The Male Reproductive System. Key Terms. Semen Seminiferous tubules Urethra Urinary bladder Vas deferens

Living Environment Dr. Golub. The Male Reproductive System. Key Terms. Semen Seminiferous tubules Urethra Urinary bladder Vas deferens Living Environment Dr. Golub The Male Reproductive System Key Terms Epididymis Penis Testes Prostate gland Scrotum Semen Seminiferous tubules Urethra Urinary bladder Vas deferens Hormones Chemical substances

More information

Public Exam Preparation Material Biology 3201

Public Exam Preparation Material Biology 3201 Public Exam Preparation Material Biology 3201 The following charts describe the topics chosen for each multiple choice question over the past 3 years. This might be used to focus your study at any time

More information

Section Objectives: Making a Pedigree. Pedigrees illustrate inheritance. Pedigrees illustrate inheritance. Pedigrees illustrate inheritance

Section Objectives: Making a Pedigree. Pedigrees illustrate inheritance. Pedigrees illustrate inheritance. Pedigrees illustrate inheritance Section Objectives: Interpret a pedigree. Identify human genetic disorders caused by inherited recessive alleles. Predict how a human trait can be determined by a simple dominant allele. Making a Pedigree

More information

Beginnings: A Preview

Beginnings: A Preview Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display Beginnings: A Preview PART 2 Forming A New Life: Conception, Heredity, and Environment Chapter 3 Guideposts for

More information

1. a. Below is a tiny excerpt of a gene. What sequence of amino acids corresponds to the gene? (2 pts) A T G C A G A G G T C G C C T

1. a. Below is a tiny excerpt of a gene. What sequence of amino acids corresponds to the gene? (2 pts) A T G C A G A G G T C G C C T Part I: / 25 Part II: / 75 Part I: Short answer (25 points) TOTAL: / 100 1. a. Below is a tiny excerpt of a gene. What sequence of amino acids corresponds to the gene? (2 pts) A T G C A G A G G T C G C

More information

SIMPLE PATTERNS OF INHERITANCE

SIMPLE PATTERNS OF INHERITANCE SIMPLE PATTERNS OF INHERITANCE 1 Gregor Johann Mendel 1822 1884 Entered monastery and became a priest Historic studies on pea plants Paper ignored at the time Independently rediscovered years later 2 Garden

More information

Asexual Reproduction. Unit: Genetic Traits & Reproduction. Sexual Reproduction Mendel and Heredity. Key Words:

Asexual Reproduction. Unit: Genetic Traits & Reproduction. Sexual Reproduction Mendel and Heredity. Key Words: Unit: Genetic Traits & Reproduction Sections: Asexual Reproduction Key Words: Replication Regeneration Asexual Genetic Mitosis Budding Heredity Offspring Germination reproduction trait Microorganism Classify

More information

Mr and Mrs Brown do not have cystic fibrosis but they have a child with cystic fibrosis.

Mr and Mrs Brown do not have cystic fibrosis but they have a child with cystic fibrosis. Q. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder. Mr and Mrs Brown do not have cystic fibrosis but they have a child with cystic fibrosis. (a) Draw a ring around the correct answer to complete each sentence.

More information

Strand 3: Characteristics and Interactions of Living Organisms

Strand 3: Characteristics and Interactions of Living Organisms 1. There is a fundamental unity underlying the diversity of all living organisms A Organisms have basic needs for survival Not assessed at this level (Prior knowledge) B a. Recognize cells both increase

More information

What are the two types of cell division that we have discussed in this unit?

What are the two types of cell division that we have discussed in this unit? Name: ANSWER KEY Date : Period: Genetics and Heredity Unit Study Guide/Practice Test 2013-2014 Section 1 Cell Division What are the two types of cell division that we have discussed in this unit? 1. Mitosis

More information

Student Answer Sheet

Student Answer Sheet Student Name VCE Biology 2007 Unit 4 Topic Test 1 Heredity Student Answer Sheet Answer each Multiple Choice question by circling the appropriate letter. Use a pencil. If you make a mistake erase and enter

More information

Conception. Prenatal Development. Developmental Processes. Developmental Processes

Conception. Prenatal Development. Developmental Processes. Developmental Processes Prenatal Development Nature and nurture combine forces in prenatal development. Much of development is generated by the fetus itself. Conception Conception is the union of the mother s and father s sex

More information

Genetic Mutations and Biotechnology

Genetic Mutations and Biotechnology Genetic Mutations and Biotechnology Changes in DNA are known as genetic mutations. Three different types of mutations: Insertion when an extra base is added into the sequence. Deletion- when a base is

More information

He was the first scientist to arrive at the basic principles of heredity which are still accepted today

He was the first scientist to arrive at the basic principles of heredity which are still accepted today Mendelian Genetics Genetics is defined as Early 1800 s the first scientific Gregor Mendel A monk/scientist who investigated the inheritance of traits Crossed pea plants He was the first scientist to arrive

More information

Unit B Understanding Animal Body Systems. Lesson 8 Understanding Animal Genetics

Unit B Understanding Animal Body Systems. Lesson 8 Understanding Animal Genetics Unit B Understanding Animal Body Systems Lesson 8 Understanding Animal Genetics 1 Terms Alleles Chromosome Co dominance Crossover Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA Dominant Genetic code Genome Genotype Heredity

More information

Reproduction IB Biology Topic 6.6

Reproduction IB Biology Topic 6.6 Outcomes Reproduction IB Biology Topic 6.6 6.6.1 Draw and label diagrams of the adult male and female reproductive systems. 6.6.2 Outline the role of hormones in the menstrual cycle, including FSH (follicle

More information

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR FRANK FIELD'S "THE GENETICS AND HEREDITY TEST"

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR FRANK FIELD'S THE GENETICS AND HEREDITY TEST QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR FRANK FIELD'S "THE GENETICS AND HEREDITY TEST" (Answers on reverse side) 1. No two people have the same DNA or DNA profile. TRUE or FALSE 2. From which of these can experts obtain

More information

The Developing Person Through the Life Span 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger

The Developing Person Through the Life Span 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger The Developing Person Through the Life Span 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger Chapter 3 Heredity and Environment PowerPoint Slides developed by Martin Wolfger and Michael James Ivy Tech Community College-Bloomington

More information

Chapter 2. GENETICS AND PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT Instructor: Monica Moreno Tuesday evening class: 6:50 pm to 10:00 pm Section: 3080 Fall 2015

Chapter 2. GENETICS AND PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT Instructor: Monica Moreno Tuesday evening class: 6:50 pm to 10:00 pm Section: 3080 Fall 2015 Chapter 2 GENETICS AND PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT Instructor: Monica Moreno Tuesday evening class: 6:50 pm to 10:00 pm Section: 3080 Fall 2015 2013 2013 by by Pearson Education, Inc. Inc. All All rights rights

More information

Human Genetics Objective Sheet

Human Genetics Objective Sheet Human Genetics Objective Sheet Tested Objectives Bio.3.2.2 Predict offspring ratios based on a variety of inheritance patterns (including dominance, co-dominance, incomplete dominance, multiple alleles,

More information

Multiple Choice Review Mendelian Genetics & Inheritance Patterns

Multiple Choice Review Mendelian Genetics & Inheritance Patterns Multiple Choice Review Mendelian Genetics & 1. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck introduced a theory about inheritance in the early 1800s. Which of the following accurately describes his Theory of Acquired Characteristics?

More information

Genetics. PART I: Mitosis & Meiosis prerequisites for inheritance. A. Mitosis. Review: A closer look inside of the nucleus: DNA: chromatin:

Genetics. PART I: Mitosis & Meiosis prerequisites for inheritance. A. Mitosis. Review: A closer look inside of the nucleus: DNA: chromatin: Genetics PART I: Mitosis & Meiosis prerequisites for inheritance A. Mitosis Review: A closer look inside of the nucleus: DNA: chromatin: chromosome: parts: chromatid: centromere: telomere: 1 Mitosis &

More information

Name Class Date. What are sex cells? How does meiosis help explain Mendel s results?

Name Class Date. What are sex cells? How does meiosis help explain Mendel s results? CHAPTER 3 3 Meiosis SECTION Heredity BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are sex cells? How does meiosis help explain Mendel s results? National

More information

Genetic Mutations. Indicator 4.8: Compare the consequences of mutations in body cells with those in gametes.

Genetic Mutations. Indicator 4.8: Compare the consequences of mutations in body cells with those in gametes. Genetic Mutations Indicator 4.8: Compare the consequences of mutations in body cells with those in gametes. Agenda Warm UP: What is a mutation? Body cell? Gamete? Notes on Mutations Karyotype Web Activity

More information

A... [1] B... [1] C... [1] D... [1] ovary urethra oviduct (fallopian tube) ureter cervix placenta uterus (womb) vagina

A... [1] B... [1] C... [1] D... [1] ovary urethra oviduct (fallopian tube) ureter cervix placenta uterus (womb) vagina Low Demand Questions QUESTIONSHEET 1 The diagram shows the female reproductive system. B A Name the structures labelled A, B, C and D. Use names from this list. (b) A.... [1] B.... [1] C.... [1] D....

More information

Unique. Topic 10 Variation. Luck of the Draw

Unique. Topic 10 Variation. Luck of the Draw Unique Topic 10 Variation Luck of the Draw Genetic Information: a review Cell Nucleus Chromosomes Gene (make protein) Nucleotide bases (G-C, T-A) Proteins are made of amino acids http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/thenewgenetics/i

More information

PARTIAL OVERVIEW OF GENETICS

PARTIAL OVERVIEW OF GENETICS PARTIAL OVERVIEW OF GENETICS 1. Genetics the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms, specifically dealing with the molecular structure and function of genes. 2. Each organism has

More information

NAME PER DATE. We'll analyze inheritance for the case where each parent has one A allele and one a allele (i.e. both parents are Aa).

NAME PER DATE. We'll analyze inheritance for the case where each parent has one A allele and one a allele (i.e. both parents are Aa). 1 NAME PER DATE GENETICS REVIEW We all know that children tend to resemble their parents in appearance. Parents and children generally have similar eye color, hair texture, height and other characteristics

More information

Human Genetic Disorders

Human Genetic Disorders Human Genetic Disorders How Many Chromosomes? The photo shows the chromosomes from a cell of a person with Down syndrome, a genetic disorder. The chromosomes have been sorted into pairs. 1. Count the number

More information

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - An individual s characteristics are determines by factors that are passed from one parental generation to the next. - During gamete formation, the alleles for

More information

Genetics fill in review

Genetics fill in review Genetics fill in review Completion Complete each sentence or statement. 1. A reproductive process in which fertilization occurs within a single plant is 2. The transferring of pollen between plants is

More information

The Genetics of Microcephaly. Introduction

The Genetics of Microcephaly. Introduction The Genetics of Microcephaly Introduction The term, microcephaly means 'small head'. Just like hat size, head size is assessed by measuring the head's maximum circumference - the occipito-frontal circumference

More information

Patterns of Heredity and Human Genetics Section 12.1 Mendelian Inheritance of Human Traits

Patterns of Heredity and Human Genetics Section 12.1 Mendelian Inheritance of Human Traits Patterns of Heredity and Human Genetics Section 12.1 Mendelian Inheritance of Human Traits Scan Section 1 of your book. Use the checklist as a guide. Read all section titles. Read all boldfaced words.

More information

SI Worksheet #7 (Chapter 14) BY123 Meeting: 1pm in EB 132

SI Worksheet #7 (Chapter 14) BY123 Meeting: 1pm in EB 132 SI Worksheet #7 (Chapter 14) BY123 Meeting: 7/7/15 @ 1pm in EB 132 1. The essence of genetics or the study of heredity comes from the Austrian monk Gregor Mendel. In the 1800s this Catholic priest worked

More information

Name Class Date. Male (XY) Female (XX)

Name Class Date. Male (XY) Female (XX) Chapter 14 The Human Genome Section 14 1 Human Heredity (pages 341 348) This section explains what scientists know about human chromosomes, as well as the inheritance of certain human traits and disorders.

More information

Science 10-Biology Activity 15 The Development of the Human Embryo

Science 10-Biology Activity 15 The Development of the Human Embryo Science 10-Biology Activity 15 The Development of the Human Embryo 10 Name Due Date Show Me Hand In Correct and Hand In Again By NOTE: This worksheet is based on material from pages 379-380 in Science

More information

NOTES: HUMAN HEREDITY

NOTES: HUMAN HEREDITY NOTES: 14.1-14.2 HUMAN HEREDITY Key Terms Autosomal Recessive Autosomal Dominant Pedigree Tay-Sachs Cystic Fibrosis Phenylketonuria Key Concepts How to read and interpret a pedigree How diseases are caused

More information

C H A P T E R. The Inheritance of Hemophilia

C H A P T E R. The Inheritance of Hemophilia C H A P T E R 3 The purpose of this chapter is to provide some basic information about genes and genetics, and how hemophilia is inherited. Because genetics can be hard to understand, we suggest carriers

More information

Genetics. Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 11 Illustrations 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. unless otherwise noted

Genetics. Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 11 Illustrations 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. unless otherwise noted Genetics Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 11 Illustrations 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. unless otherwise noted Genetics Study of how inherited traits are passed from parent to child Genetics 2 Chromosome

More information

Genetics Quiz Review

Genetics Quiz Review Name: Terms Genetics Quiz Review Word Bank 1. choosing plants or animals to cross in order to get desirable traits (2 words) 2. an allele that only shows up when no dominant allele is present 3. having

More information

Chapter 25. Reproduction and Human Development Worksheets. (Opening image copyright by BioMedical, Used under license from Shutterstock.com.

Chapter 25. Reproduction and Human Development Worksheets. (Opening image copyright by BioMedical, Used under license from Shutterstock.com. Chapter 25 Reproduction and Human Development Worksheets (Opening image copyright by BioMedical, 2010. Used under license from Shutterstock.com.) Lesson Lesson Lesson Lesson 25.1: 25.2: 25.3: 25.4: Male

More information

Genetic Disorders. Things Can Go Wrong With DNA and Chromosomes

Genetic Disorders. Things Can Go Wrong With DNA and Chromosomes Genetic Disorders Things Can Go Wrong With DNA and Chromosomes I. Overview of DNA Structure A. Review 1. A gene is a segment of DNA that codes for a particular protein 2. Proteins determine the physical

More information

Human Inheritance. Tracking Traits in Humans. Autosomal Inheritance. Sex-Linked Inheritance. Chromosome Changes. Genetic Testing

Human Inheritance. Tracking Traits in Humans. Autosomal Inheritance. Sex-Linked Inheritance. Chromosome Changes. Genetic Testing Tracking Traits in Humans Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance Chromosome Changes Genetic Testing Human Inheritance How Do We Study Inheritance Patterns In Humans? Ø Geneticists often use historical

More information

Collated questions Demonstrate understanding of biological ideas relating to genetic variation DNA STRUCTURE

Collated questions Demonstrate understanding of biological ideas relating to genetic variation DNA STRUCTURE Collated questions Demonstrate understanding of biological ideas relating to genetic variation DNA STRUCTURE THE ROLE OF DNA IN INHERITANCE (2013:2) (a) Use the diagram above to help you explain the relationship

More information

Florence School District One Unit Plan: Applied Genetics

Florence School District One Unit Plan: Applied Genetics Florence School District One Unit Plan: Applied Genetics Lesson 22 (Estimated time: 90 minutes) 1day B-4.6 Predict inherited traits by using the principles of Mendelian genetics (including segregation,

More information

Multiple Choice. Study Guide for Exam 3

Multiple Choice. Study Guide for Exam 3 Study Guide for Exam 3 Multiple Choice Occurring in one out of every births, twins are the product of two separate eggs fertilized by separate sperm. a. 250, Fraternal b. 80, Identical c. 80, Fraternal

More information