Grade One: Weather Kit: Standard Connections

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1 Grade One: Weather Kit: Standard Connections Record the temperature outdoors in a sunny location and a shady location. Discuss the reason for the difference in temperature. Do as above on a sunny day and then repeat on a cloudy day at the same times and locations. Understand that air is a mixture of gases that is all around us and that wind is moving air. Describe the weather changes from day to day and over the seasons. Recognize that the sun supplies heat and light to the earth and is necessary for life. Identify some events around us that have repeated patterns, including the seasons of the year, day and night. Recognize that people and other animals interact with the environment through their senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. Sort objects by observable properties such as size, shape, color, weight, and texture. Identify objects and materials as solid, liquid, or gas. Recognize that solids have a definite shape and that liquids and gases that take the shape of the container. Describe the various ways that objects can move, such as in a straight line, zigzag, back-and forth, round-and -round, fast and slow.

2 Grade One: Organisms: Standard Connections Recognize that water, rocks, soil and living organisms are found on the earth's surface. Recognize that the sun supplies heat and light to the earth and is necessary for life. Recognize that animals (including humans) and plants are living things that grow, reproduce, and need food, air, and water. Differentiate between living and nonliving things. Group both living and nonliving things according to the characteristics that they share. Recognize that plants and animals have life cycles, and that life cycles vary for different things. Describe ways in which many plants and animals closely resemble their parents in observed appearance. Recognize that people and other animals interact with the environment through their senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. Recognize changes in appearance that animals and plants go through as the seasons change. Identify ways that an organism's habitat provides for its basic needs (plants require air, water, nutrients, and light; animals require food, water, air, and shelter). Describe the various ways that objects can move, such as in a straight line, zigzag, back-and forth, round-and round, fast and slow.

3 Grade Two: Life Cycle of The Butterfly: Standard Connections Recognize changes in appearance that animals and plants go through as the seasons change. Identify ways that an organism's habitat provides for its basic needs (plants require air, water, nutrients, and light; animals require food, water, air, and shelter). Recognize that plants and animals have life cycles, and that life cycles vary for different things. Grade Two: Balancing and Weighing: Standard Connections Describe the various ways that objects can move, such as in a straight line, zigzag, back-and forth, round-andround, fast and slow. Differentiate between properties of objects (e.g., size, shape, weight) and properties of materials (e.g., color, texture, hardness).

4 Grade Two: Soils: Standard Connections Recognize that water, rocks, soil and living organisms are found on the earth's surface. Differentiate between living and nonliving things Group both living and nonliving things according to the characteristics that they share. Recognize that people and other animals interact with the environment through their senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. Recognize changes in appearance that animals and plants go through as the seasons change. Sort objects by observable properties such as size, shape, color, weight, and texture. Explain and give examples of the three ways in which soil is formed (the weathering of rock by water and wind and from the decomposition of plant and animal remains). Recognize and discuss the different properties of soil, including color, texture (size of particles), the ability to support the growth of plants. Classify plants and animals according to the physical characteristics that they share. Identify the structures in plants (leaves, roots, flowers, stem, bark, wood) that are responsible for food production,support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection. Recognize that plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death. With a hand lens, examine a sample of coarse sand containing many kinds of grains. Also examine a collection of local rocks. Notice that rocks usually contain grains of many different minerals and that sand grains can be pure minerals.

5 Grade Three: Plant Growth and Development: Standard Connections Recognize that water, rocks, soil and living organisms are found on the earth's surface. Identify some events around us that have repeated patterns, including the seasons of the year, day and night. Recognize that animals (including humans) and plants are living things that grow, reproduce, and need food, air, and water. Differentiate between living and nonliving things. Group both living and nonliving things according to the characteristics that they share. Recognize that plants and animals have life cycles, and that life cycles vary for different things. Describe ways in which many plants and animals closely resemble their parents in observed appearance. Recognize changes in appearance that animals and plants go through as the seasons change. Identify ways that an organism's habitat provides for its basic needs (plants require air, water, nutrients, and light; animals require food, water, air, and shelter). Recognize and discuss the different properties of soil, including color, texture (size of particles), the ability to support the growth of plants. Identify the structures in plants (leaves, roots, flowers, stem, bark, wood) that are responsible for food production,support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection. Recognize that plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death.

6 Differentiate between observed characteristics of plants and animals that are fully inherited (e.g., color of flower, shape of leaves, color of eyes, number of appendages) and characteristics that are affected by the climate or environment (e.g., browning of leaves due to too much sun, language spoken). Give examples of how changes in the environment (drought, cold) have caused some plants and animals to die or move to new locations (migration). Describe how organisms meet some of their needs in an environment by using behaviors (patterns of activities) in response to information (stimuli) received from the environment. Recognize that some animal behaviors are instinctive (e.g., turtles burying their eggs), and others are learned (e.g., humans building fires for warmth, chimpanzees learning how to use tools). Give examples of how organisms can cause changes in their environment to ensure survival. Explain how some of these changes may affect the ecosystem. Describe how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within a food chain from producers (plants) to consumers to decomposers. Grade Three: Sounds: Standard Connections Recognize that sound is produced by vibrating objects and requires a medium through which to travel. Relate the rate of vibration to the pitch of the sound. Identify the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic). Recognize that energy is the ability to cause motion or create change. Sort objects by observable properties such as size, shape, color, weight, and texture

7 Grade Four: Electric Circuits: Standard Connections Differentiate between properties of objects (e.g., size, shape, weight) and properties of materials (e.g., color, texture, hardness). Identify the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic). Recognize that energy is the ability to cause motion or create change. Give examples of how energy can be transferred from one form to another. Recognize that electricity in circuits requires a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass, and that electricity can produce light, heat, and sound. Identify and classify objects and materials that conduct electricity and objects and materials that are insulators of electricity.

8 Grade Five: Ecosystems: Standard Connections Recognize and discuss the different properties of soil, including color, texture (size of particles), the ability to support the growth of plants. Describe how water on earth cycles in different forms and in different locations, including underground and in the atmosphere. Classify plants and animals according to the physical characteristics that they share. Identify the structures in plants (leaves, roots, flowers, stem, bark, wood) that are responsible for food production,support, water transport, reproduction, growth and protection. Recognize that plants and animals go through predictable life cycles that include birth, growth, development, reproduction, and death. Give examples of how changes in the environment (drought, cold) have caused some plants and animals to die or move to new locations (migration). Describe how organisms meet some of their needs in an environment by using behaviors (patterns of activities) in response to information (stimuli) received from the environment. Recognize that some animal behaviors are instinctive (e.g., turtles burying their eggs), and others are learned (e.g., humans building fires for warmth, chimpanzees learning how to use tools). Give examples of how organisms can cause changes in their environment to ensure survival. Explain how some of these changes may affect the ecosystem. Describe how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within a food chain from producers (plants) to consumers to decomposers. Source= Massachusetts Department of Education/ Carolina Curriculum Programs for Math and Science

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