1 Making it easy to deploy, integrate and manage Macs, iphones and ipads in a Windows environment. Imaging & Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients using Windows Servers By: Charles Edge Originally published in Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 1
2 Introduction The modern enterprise needs to make decisions and plans for the management of Information Technology assets that span across multiple years. The recent discontinuation of the Apple Xserve has led many environments heavily invested in the product to rethink their position. For environments needing officially supported products that wish to leverage existing Windows infrastructures, the Enterprise Device Alliance (EDA) brings professionals charged with managing enterprises a cohesive and manageable ecosystem of products that provide full, end-to-end support for Mac OS X, allowing file sharing, patch management, policy enforcement and ticket tracking on an existing Windows infrastructure. The EDA performed a survey of more than 1,200 respondents that included responses from professionals involved in IT for corporate, government and education environments. The survey revealed that enterprises consider the most important services that an Xserve hosts includes file sharing, software updates, directory services and client management. All of these services can be run on Mac OS X Server, but can also be hosted on other platforms, including Microsoft Windows Server According to the survey, many environments will keep their Xserves for up to two more years. However, with the time it takes to get projects approved, planned and executed, it is likely that many environments will begin transitioning services to other Apple hardware or to other platforms soon. Therefore, this series of articles looks at the practical implementation and impact to environments previously using an Xserve that may look to transition to the Microsoft Windows platform. In this article we will look at managing software updates in a scalable fashion. Mac OS X Server allows administrators to build images, prepared with any automations required to make the image functional and then to reimage client computers with that image. Mac OS X Server also allows for caching software updates that are available through the Software Update System Preference pane so that administrators can control which patches are deployed to client computers and so that Mac OS X clients do not saturate an environment s external bandwidth while downloading these patches. There are a number of options available to enterprises looking to transition these services to other platforms. Given that many already have entrenched infrastructures based on the Microsoft Windows platform, this article will look at using two solutions, Absolute Manage and ExtremeZ-IP together in order to deploy software update services, patch management and full operating system upgrades to clients. We ll also go beyond what the Xserve could do and review what else Absolute Manage and ExtremeZ-IP can bring to the enterprise, with features such as clustering, 3rd party software patch management, change control, license management, imaging in place and security options that go far beyond what is otherwise available. Additionally the added support for managing patches and software updates for Microsoft Windows clients allows for a more centralized environment where both platforms can be managed within a single software package. Configuring Absolute Manage ExtremeZ-IP is a file server. Absolute Manage is a software distribution server that allows environments to push software, patches, settings and even operating systems to client computers. They are both customer installable products, meaning that enterprises can install the software themselves, leveraging Absolute and GroupLogic to support the deployments, respectively. Professional services are available from both entities and respective resellers, but many environments with seasoned IT professionals will likely not need assistance given how easy to setup and use that both solutions are. ExtremeZ-IP and Absolute Manage can be downloaded from and respectively. In this section of the article we will look at performing a basic installation of ExtremeZ-IP 7.1 and Absolute Manage The Absolute Manage solution is comprised of a few tools. Each has a specific purpose and can be used on different systems. These include the following (each of which can be run on either Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows): Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 2
3 Absolute Manage Server: The server database and services that is the core of Absolute Manage, providing management of Mac OS X and Windows. Absolute Manage Admin: The tool used to configure and administer Absolute Manage Server, which can be used in much the same way that System Image Utility was used in terms of building automations and Apple Remote Desktop in terms of sending command sets to client systems. However, Absolute Manage Admin has many more features geared towards the full lifecycle management of devices. Absolute Manage Agent: The agent that runs on a Mac OS X computer for remotely managing the client, similar to the Software Update System Preference pane, which makes use of the softwareupdate command. Absolute MDM Server: A server to manage ios (iphone, ipod Touch and ipad), which has acts as a vehicle to enforce options from the iphone Configuration Utility over the air. Absolute MDM Server extends beyond initial deployment of ios-based devices and into the full lifecycle of the devices using MDM. Figure 1. Absolute MDM Server Absolute Manage InstallEase: A tool for creating packages and disk images, similar to PackageMaker, used heavily with System Image Utility workflows in a Mac OS X Server environment. A few things to take into consideration with regards to Absolute Manage environments before starting to install components on servers: Absolute Manage Admin can be run on Mac OS X or Windows, according to which platform you are managing and remotely controlling. In order to deploy the Absolute Manage Agent for Mac OS X clients you will need a Mac OS X computer running Absolute Manage Admin. When using Absolute Manage Admin to push out Absolute Manage Agents, the packages will need an accompanying exported certificate file for Absolute Manage Server. Therefore, keeping the.pem file on that host (e.g. in an encrypted disk image) will help to streamline the process for agent deployment. Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 3
4 InstaDMG, System Image Utility (included with the Mac OS X Server Admin Tools), DeployStudio or another tool will be needed to build system images for in place operating system upgrades and for bare metal imaging. Absolute Manage will need all Mac OS X clients to be running SSH to install the Absolute Manage Agent automatically or have the Absolute Manage Agent installed on the system image in order to be managed by the server. SSH or the Absolute Manage Agent can be configured at installation time or on an image that is pushed out by one of the many imaging suites available to Mac OS X (e.g. DeployStudio, NetRestore on Mac OS X Server, standard asr-based imaging, etc). If using SSH to push the Agent to clients, SSH can be disabled post-installation. We will explore installing the Agent further in the Building An Image section of this article. To get started with the installation, first download the installers and then run them both on the host that will be running the respective services. The installers are very basic and at his point should be fine with the default settings for each step. Once installed, go to the Windows Event Viewer and verify that there were no problems encountered during the installation. Many environments that are new to patch management will have existing imaging solutions in place. Taking the imaging environment and making it more scalable can be done using ExtremeZ-IP, often leaving your old infrastructure in place as well. Building a Secure and Scalable Location for Hosting Images and Payloads Mac OS X clients natively communicate via Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) when transferring files to and from file servers. ExtremeZ-IP provides administrators with a number of options geared towards scalability that are not available with Mac OS X-based afp file servers, such as clustering. The stable, secure and scalable infrastructure that ExtremeZ-IP brings allows for a more streamlined imaging environment. When imaging, one of the most important aspects to consider is the heavy load that servers are put under when transferring the image of an operating system. ExtremeZ-IP can be used to serve up packages and images using AppleShare Filing Protocol (AFP). Most Apple imaging products that leverage a network connection (e.g. NetRestore in Mac OS X Server and DeployStudio) are built on Apple Software Restore, usually accessed using the asr command. The asr command images a source, which can be a disk image on a FireWire drive, HTTP server, asr server instance or an afp server to a target, which is usually a local volume. A system boot drive cannot be imaged with asr while it is running. Therefore, during bare metal imaging Mac OS X is usually booted into a NetBoot environment. NetBoot is a way to boot a computer to a network volume rather than a local volume. Once booted to a network volume, images are then copied to the internal hard drive using asr. Once ExtremeZ-IP is installed and running on a Windows server, creating a share to host the image is done in ExtremeZ- IP Administrator. To create a share, open ExtremeZ-IP Administrator and click on the Volumes button. From the Volumes screen click on the Create button. Using the Browse for Folder screen, locate a folder that is appropriate (direct attached storage is supported although re-shares of SMB and DFS are not supported although ExtremeZ-IP s DFS feature can refer to other shares) on the ExtremeZ-IP server and click on the OK button. Once the directory has been shared, the volume will appear as well as the path that was previously provided. Here, a number of settings can be assigned (see Figure 2); however when hosting system images it is best to leave the settings as the default settings and in some cases (according to the imaging solution being used), guest access needs to be allowed to the volume. For example, this is helpful when not authenticating users with asr commands. Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 4
5 Figure 2. Creating a Share in ExtremeZ-IP Once the Absolute Manage Server has been installed it is time to move on to customizing the Absolute Manage installation. ADMINISTERING ABSOLUTE MANAGE The first step to customizing an Absolute Manage Server is to use Absolute Manage Admin to connect to the server. When using a Windows Server, click on the Start menu and select Absolute Manage Admin. When using a server hosted by Mac OS X, opening the Absolute Manage Admin application that comes with the server, agent and MDM server does this. Provided that no settings were customized during installation, the default settings will authenticate to the server. The Absolute Manage Admin application does not need to be run on a server. In fact, in crossplatform environments it will be necessary to run Absolute Manage Admin on both a Mac OS X and a Windows client in order to access all the features available within Absolute Manage for both types of clients. As mentioned, a certificate is needed in order to push out agents. To export a certificate file, simply open the Absolute Manage Admin tool and then, using the Window menu, select Server Center. In the sidebar on the left side of the Server Center, locate the Server Settings icon and then under the General tab, click on Save Certificate. Certificates are exported into standard.pem files and can then be copied between servers and used as needed. Certificates should be kept secure (e.g. in an encrypted disk image) and will be needed when deploying agents. Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 5
6 Figure 3.Exporting Certificates Once the certificate has been exported, groups will be needed for systems to be managed in an object-oriented fashion (rather than one at a time). There are two primary types of groups: computer groups and smart groups. Computer groups are static groups of client computers whereas smart groups are computers that match fields from the database of information stored about each computer. These fields are known as Information Items and a full listing of them can be found by clicking on Information items under the Window menu of Absolute Manage Admin. Figure 4. Creating a Group By default, Absolute Manage comes with Smart Groups for Macs Only and PCs Only, as well as a group for All Computers. To create either type of group, click on Computers using the Window menu and then use the cogwheel at the lower left of the screen to select New Group or New Smart Group For the purposes of this example, we ll create a Smart Group that looks at all computers that were installed with a Computer Name Information Item of containing Eng_. Simply click on the New Smart Group option, type Computer Name (it will autocomplete) in the field on the left and then type Eng_ Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 6
7 (or a name that fits with your organization s naming scheme) in the right hand column. The center field on this screen can be changed from is to contains, as seen in Figure 4. The static groups are often used for managing items such as a lab of computers; the Smart Groups are far more flexible. Another aspect of Absolute Manage that provides flexibility is Distribution Points, which are locations to place packages and images. Every installation will need at least one Distribution Point, which can be hosted using a number of different methods. Distribution Points host software packages, OS patches, and OS images for deployment. Absolute Manage can also use AFP shares to host OS images. Given that this example environment is using ExtremeZ-IP, it makes sense to use the directory created earlier in this document. To create a Distribution Point, use the Window menu of Absolute Manage Admin and select Server Center. Then click on the cogwheel in the lower left corner of the screen and choose New Distribution Point. The appointed machine must have the Absolute Manage Agent installed. Figure 5.Creating a Distribution Point The Absolute Manage Agent is not installed as a part of the Absolute Manage Server or the Absolute Manage Admin. If an Absolute Manage Server will be the distribution point then it will need the Agent installed. The settings for the Distribution Point include the following: Distribution Point Name: How the Distribution Point is referenced in Absolute Manage Admin. Distribution Point Address: The IP address or host name of the server. Distribution Point Port: The port that the Distribution Point uses to communicate with other Distribution Points and with Absolute Manage Agents. Assigned IP Range: IP addresses that will use the Distribution Point. Packages Root Path: The path on the Distribution Point where Absolute Manage will store its data. Max. Concurrent Downloads: The Maximum number of clients that can concurrently use the Distribution Point (there is an optional choice to override the maximum). Distribution Point Type: Enable a given Distribution Point as the Master Distribution Point, or the point that others synchronize to. Download Bandwidth: Throttle bandwidth for the host. Mirroring: Configure when Distribution Points synchronize with the Master Distribution Point. Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 7
8 For the initial Distribution Point, make sure to provide a name, an address, a root path and set it to be a Master Distribution Point. Also, once created, make sure to choose the groups that can use the new Distribution Point. When satisfied with the settings, click on OK to save and complete the initial Distribution Point. Once Distribution Points and groups have been created, it is time to build images, packages and other items, that then get stored on Distribution Points and assigned to Computer Groups and Smart Groups for deployment. Building an Image Absolute Manage Admin has a fairly easy interface compared to how complicated some of the tasks that can be performed are. In this section, we will look at installing the Absolute manage Agent on clients and look at reinstalling systems when operating systems become corrupt, new updates are released and when systems get refreshed. This process is traditionally referred to as imaging. However, Absolute Manage is not an imaging solution in the traditional sense of an imaging solution. An image is a compressed disk image file (.dmg) that has been prepared with what is similar to a clone of an operating system, any applications that are required for the image and then a cleansing process of sorts, which allows the image to be deployed to systems other than the one that the image was prepared on. AGENT DEPLOYMENT Applications can be deployed on an image; however, keeping track of what is on computers can then be difficult. When using a tool such as Absolute Manage to handle software distribution, the image can be a simple operating system installation, along with either SSH or the Absolute Manage Agent. Once the client computer is registered to the server all software can be deployed in an automated, modular fashion. When imaging client computers that have been prepared with the Absolute Manage Agent, the Agent will need to be customized prior to creating an image. To do so, locate the /Library/Preferences/com.polepositionsw.lanrev_agent.plist file, which can be edited with standard defaults commands. Additionally, if a package will be installed as a post-installation process, the Contents/Resources/DefaultDefaults.plist file can be customized to push specific settings to clients. For more information on customizing the Absolute Manage Agent during deployment, such as the keys and options for each key, see Custom installation packages can also be generated automatically by using the Windows menu and then accessing the Agent Deployment Center s Export Custom Agent feature. Once the agent deployment has been finished, test sending a command to the client using the options under the Commands menu of Absolute Manage Admin. Here it is possible to copy files, send messages, reset power settings, install packages, send scripts and do a number of other tasks. Apple Remote Desktop has much of this same functionality; however, Absolute Manage performs far more tasks and allows administrators to do so in a far more flexible and object oriented fashion. Preparing a disk image to be used with asr, it is best to use System Image Utility, InstaDMG, DeployStudio or another tool specifically designed for imaging operating systems. Those images can then be imported into Absolute Manage for future live re-imaging of Mac OS X. DEPLOYING IMAGES WITH IMAGELIVE Let s repeat that: live re-imaging means reimaging a computer while a user is working. Clients can be upgraded from Mac OS X 10.5 to 10.6, with customizable alerts to inform the user about as much (or as little) as is desired and administrators can choose what data is retained. Once the installation is complete, the user will reboot into the newly installed environment and any post-flight activities performed. The feature is called ImageLive and in order to be used the image will need to be added to the Absolute Manage Server using the Absolute Manage Admin. To do so, open Absolute Manage Admin and then, using the Windows menu, choose Server Center. From Server Center, control-click (or right-click if you can) on Mac OS Disk Image and click on the New Disk Image option under Software Distribution. A screen (Figure 6) will then prompt for an image name and provide a Select button to browse to the image. Optionally, there is also a Disk Image Password field for environments that password Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 8
9 protect images. When satisfied with the settings, click on the OK button to commit the new image into the server, triggering an upload to the Distribution Point. Figure 6. Importing a Disk Image Once created, a Command can be sent to a client to re-image, either at the time the command is sent or on a schedule. To send a Disk Image to a client computer, use the Server Center and select the computer or group that will be reinstalled. Then click on the Reinstall Mac OS X Computer command from the Commands menu. Figure 7.Reinstalling a Computer The Reinstall Mac OS X Computer screen will then open. Here a source, target and settings will need to be selected. The source drop-down menu will show a list of available images that can be used for Software Distribution. For environments that do not have multiple Distribution Points, an image hosted on an ExtremeZ-IP based DFS AFP share can also be used as a source. This flexibility helps when transferring large files (images typically start at 7 and go upwards of 40 Gigabytes). The target is typically going to be a Startup volume. There are also options to preserve user folders, local accounts, directory services bindings (e.g. Active Directory) and the Absolute Agent. Preflight and post-flight scripts can also be selected and selecting multiple computers will deploy the image to systems concurrently. Click Execute and the client systems will start reimaging, providing the end user with a customizable message as to what is occurring. Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 9
10 SOFTWARE DISTRIBUTION and Patch Management Absolute Manage can push out most software packages natively. Supported file formats include.mpkg,.pkg,.dmg,.msi, and.exe. Missing Mac OS X and Windows OS patches are automatically detected and downloaded to the Distribution Point for review. Patches are only downloaded once for bandwidth conservation. A package is a set of files and instructions to be carried out during installation. Because not all software installers can be deployed natively, Absolute Manage comes bundled with Absolute Manage InstallEase, a lightweight, straightforward packaging tool. Packages created in InstallEase (as well as other packaging tools) are then uploaded onto Distribution Points through the Absolute Manage Server and assigned to groups of computers. Packages from Apple Software Updates can also be synchronized automatically to Distribution Points, meaning administrators do not need to keep separate systems to handle Apple updates. PACKAGING INSTALLERS Absolute Manage InstallEase allows administrators to build packages quickly and easily using a snapshot, which captures the state of a system before and after an installer and then creates a package based on the delta between the two. InstallEase also goes a step further and also allows for manual package creation, for packages that are not as cookie-cutter as the ones built using the snapshot option. To create a snapshot package, simply open the InstallEase application and then click on the radio button for Automatically. At the Snapshot Source screen, either scan the entire hard drive, or if you know that changes will only be made in a couple of given folders, add them using the Folders: option to make scanning faster. Next, click on the Take Snapshot button to scan the file system. Once scanned, run the installer that is required or perform the necessary tasks to create the package. Then click on Take Snapshot again. When the scan is complete, the Snapshot Data screen will then show all of the files and the permissions that those files will have in the package that is created. Here, remove any extraneous files and then click on the Continue button to move to the Create Package screen. Figure 8. Creating a Package with Absolute Manage InstallEase At the Create Package screen, choose the format that the package should have. InstallEase also has the ability to create packages that install files into the current users home folder, comes with an extensive list of filters and can make uninstaller packages along with the initial installation packages. To create a package that will remove the items, check the box for Uninstaller package for Apple Installer. At the Create Package screen, it is also possible to create an Iceberg project, which can then be imported into Iceberg for even more options. Iceberg is available at: Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 10
11 MANAGING PACKAGES As previously mentioned, Absolute Manage allows an administrator to deploy standard packages. Custom objects that are deployed to clients are referred to as Payloads in Absolute Manage Admin. Payloads can include disk images (.dmg), package installers (.pkg) and metapackages (.mpkg). To upload a package that was created using AbsoluteManage InstallEase into the Payload repository, open Server Center (using the Window menu in Absolute Manage Admin) and click on Payloads in the sidebar. Here, right-click (or control-click) on the Payloads icon and New Payload from the Software Distribution list. Figure 9. Creating a Payload Provide a name for your new Payload and then use the Select button to select the package file that was previously created. Click OK to start the package uploading to the server. Once the new file appears in the list of Payloads, click on Software Packages. Because it is possible to deploy a number of packages to accomplish a given task. Payloads are assigned to what Absolute Manage refers to as a Software Package. Payloads can also include files. This gives the ability to have multiple payloads assigned to a given automation but also allows for even more granular installation options. For example, if there are multiple packages of Office 2008 and the only difference between them is a choices.xml answer file, the installation files can be hosted once for Office, plus the different choices.xml answer files. This saves space on the distribution points and prevents mirroring the packages to each distribution point. To create a software package, click on the cogwheel icon at the bottom of the screen again and then click on New Software Package In the following example, there are two payloads that will be installed: the first of these will deploy the software and the second will customize settings for the software being deployed, a typical way of dealing with modular software deployment (although if a policy management solution, such as Centrify is used in the environment, a practice often best left to the policy management solution). Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 11
12 Figure 10.Creating a Software Package In addition to choosing payloads, Software Packages come with some other exciting options. The Installation Options tab provides many of the same features that can be found in Apple Remote Desktop and then a few others as well, such as require a user to be logged in to install, and ask user if the installation can run and cache package files. The User Interaction tab is used to define what is communicated to users (e.g. progress) as well as options for users to defer installations and whether to restart the target computers. The Installation Conditions tab allows administrators to choose which computers can receive the software title based on the presence of other software (for example, only install an Office update if Office is already installed). This functionality is also available by creating Smart Groups and using installed software as an Information Item. Once all required options have been configured, click on OK to save the package. Clicking on the package in the Absolute Manage Admin sidebar will then provide checkboxes for each group that the package is assigned to, allowing the package to be deployed to clients in those groups. DEPLOYING PACKAGES Packages can be deployed to clients running the Absolute Manage individually and using Computer Groups and Smart Computer Groups. When deploying a package to a group, first add all of the computers to the group that will receive the package. Once the computers have been added to the group, open Server Center from the Window menu of Absolute Manage Admin. Then click on the name of the group in the Server Center sidebar. When a group or a Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 12
13 computer is selected, click on the Commands menu and choose Install Software Packages from the menu to bring up the Install Software Packages screen. As seen in Figure 11, the Install Software Packages screen allows administrators to choose which packages will be installed. Specific target computers can also be removed and the Options button can be used to provide a description of the task being completed, defer an installation, repeat an installation attempt and wake up computers if needed. Figure 11. Using a Computer Group to Deploy a Package Once begun, the status of installations can be checked using the Installation Status entry in the Server Center sidebar. Here you ll find a log file, as well as those packages that are currently being installed, have been installed, failed to install, were cancelled and were deferred. SOFTWARE UPDATE SERVICES As mentioned previously in this article, Absolute Manage has the ability to replace a Mac OS X Server running the Software Update Service. The concepts are similar between the products, although it is much more straightforward to manage software using a single tool, rather than relying on multiple tools to do so. Absolute Manage Server caches updates from Apple and then if client computers need the patches and they are present on the Absolute Manage Server then Apple updates will be automatically installed on the clients from the Absolute Manage Distribution Points. As with the Software Update Service in Mac OS X Server, administrators can choose which packages to deploy and which should not be sent to client systems. Additionally, software updates are available for Mac OS X 10.4, Mac OS X 10.5 and Mac OS X Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 13
14 Figure 12.Software Updates for Mac OS X The integration of automated Software Update management along with patches from 3 rd party software vendors in the form of custom packages allows for the management of all software from a centralized point, the Absolute Manage Server. At this point, it is possible to add each software package and automation used in an environment to fully prepare a Mac OS X client and then manage the clients and keep a full inventory of software dispatched to clients using Absolute Manage. Backing up Absolute Manage Server Backing up any critical asset is a must. Once a lot of work has gone into building groups, Software Packages, Payloads and everything else that goes into Absolute manage, the backup of the Absolute Manage Server database becomes no different. Which is why backup is built into Absolute Manage and enabled by default. To customize the backup schedule, open Absolute Manage Admin, click on the Window menu and then click on Server Settings. From here, there will be a Database backup section located under the General tab that shows the schedule on which backup will run (by default 11PM nightly). On a Windows Server, these backups are stored in the c:\documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Pole Position Software\LANrev Server. When running Absolute Manage Server on Mac OS X, the backups are stored in /Library/Application Support/LANrev Server. Summary For environments that require rack density, Apple s decision to exit the rack-mounted server space is one that cannot be understated. One of the most critical aspects of centralized systems administration is software distribution. Large imaging frameworks can be run on most any server platform and throughout this article we have shown how imaging can be handled for large numbers of systems using an AFP mount hosted by ExtremeZ-IP. We have also shown how large patch management environments can be maintained using Absolute Manage servers. Both of which can be run on Microsoft Windows Servers. Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 14
15 Imaging and patch management is not a simple task, but Absolute Manage takes much of the difficulty out of managing large environments by putting most of the tools that are needed to manage software distribution, licensing and settings within easy reach of Mac OS X systems administrators, no matter whether a Windows or a Mac OS X server is preferred. For environments that need to scale up and prefer Windows, ExtremeZ-IP offers a comprehensive file and printer sharing solution that is also both robust and easy to use. For more information on Absolute Manage, see For more information on ExtremeZ-IP, see About the author... Charles Edge is the Director of Technology for 318 Inc, a national provider of IT Services with a focus on the Apple platform. Charles is also the author of a number of books on Mac Systems Administration, including the Enterprise Mac Administrator s Guide from Apress. You can reach him at Imaging and Patch Management for Mac OS X Clients Using Windows Servers Page 15
Making it easy to deploy, integrate and manage Macs, iphones and ipads in a Windows environment. Centralized Mac Home Directories On Windows Servers: Using Windows To Serve The Mac 2011 ENTERPRISE DEVICE
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Allworx OfficeSafe Operations Guide Release 6.0 No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy,
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NETWRIX EVENT LOG MANAGER QUICK-START GUIDE FOR THE ENTERPRISE EDITION Product Version: 4.0 July/2012. Legal Notice The information in this publication is furnished for information use only, and does not
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FileMaker Server 12 FileMaker Server Help 2010-2012 FileMaker, Inc. All Rights Reserved. FileMaker, Inc. 5201 Patrick Henry Drive Santa Clara, California 95054 FileMaker is a trademark of FileMaker, Inc.
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Attix5 Pro Server Edition V7.0.2 User Manual for Mac OS X Your guide to protecting data with Attix5 Pro Server Edition. Copyright notice and proprietary information All rights reserved. Attix5, 2013 Trademarks
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