1 Philip Kerr Straightforward Pre-intermediate Companion Italian Edition
2 Philip Kerr Straightforward Pre-intermediate Companion Italian Edition
3 Macmillan Education Between Towns Road, Oxford, OX4 3PP, UK A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited Companies and representatives throughout the world ISBN 13: ISBN 10: Text, design and illustration Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006 First published 2006 All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers. Page make-up by Anne Sherlock Printed in Spain by Edelvives
4 CONTENTS WORDLIST Unit 1 1 Unit 2 4 Unit 3 7 Unit 4 10 Unit 5 13 Unit 6 19 Unit 7 22 Unit 8 27 Unit 9 31 Unit Unit Unit LANGUAGE REFERENCE 47
5 Welcome to the Straightforward Pre-intermediate Companion! What information does the Straightforward Pre-intermediate Companion give you? a word list of key words and phrases from each unit of Straightforward Pre-intermediate Student s Book pronunciation of the key words and phrases translations of the key words and phrases sample sentences showing the key words and phrases in context a summary of the Language Reference from Straightforward Pre-intermediate Student s Book Abbreviations used in the Companion (v) (adj) (n) verb adjective noun (pron) pronoun (n pl) plural noun (adv) adverb (C) countable (U) uncountable (C/U) countable and uncountable (sb) somebody (sth) something (sing) singular VOWELS AND DIPHTHONGS /I/ big fish /big fis/ /i / green beans /gri n bi nz/ /U/ should look /SUd luk/ /u / blue moon /blu mu:n/ /e/ ten eggs /ten egz/ / / about mother / baut mød (r)/ / / learn words /l n w dz/ /O / short talk /SO t to k/ /œ/ fat cat /fœt kœt/ /ø/ must come /møst køm/ /A / calm start /ka m sta t/ /Å/ hot spot /håt spåt/ /I / ear /I (r)/ /ei/ face /feis/ /U / pure /pju (r)/ /OI/ boy /boi/ / U/ nose /n Uz/ /e / hair /he (r)/ /ai/ eye /ai/ /au/ mouth /maut/ CONSONANTS /p/ pen /pen/ /b/ bad /bœd/ /t/ tea /ti / /d/ dog /dåg/ /ts/ church /ts ts/ /dz/ jazz /dzœz/ /k/ cost /kåst/ /g/ girl /g l/ /f/ far /fa (r)/ /v/ voice /vois/ /T/ thin /TIn/ /D/ then /Den/ /s/ snake /sneik/ /z/ noise /noiz/ /S/ shop /SÅp/ /Z/ measure /mez (r)/ /m/ make /meik/ /n/ nine /nain/ /N/ sing /sin/ /h/ house /haus/ /l/ leg /leg/ /r/ red /red/ /w/ wet /wet/ /j/ yes /jes/
6 Unit 1 Family aunt (n) C cousin (n) C daughter (n) C grandfather (n) C grandmother (n) C husband (n) C mother-in-law (n) C nephew (n) C niece (n) C pet (n) C son (n) C son-in-law (n) C uncle (n) C wife (n) C \A nt\ \"køz n\ \"do t \ \"grœnfa D \ \"grœnmød \ \"høzb nd\ \"mød r InlO \ \"nefju \ \ni s\ \pet\ \søn\ \"søninlo \ \"ønkl\ \waif\ zia cugino/a figlia nonno nonna marito suocera nipote maschio (di zio) nipote femmina (di zio) animale domestico figlio genero zio moglie Your aunt is your mother s or your father s sister. Your cousin is your aunt s or your uncle s child. Your daughter is your female child. Your grandfather is your mother s or father s father. Your grandmother is your mother s or father s mother. A woman s husband is the man she is married to. Your mother-in-law is your husband s or wife s mother. Your nephew is your brother s or sister s son. Your niece is your brother s or sister s daughter. A pet is an animal that lives with the family. Your son is your male child. Your son-in-law is the husband of your daughter. Your uncle is the the brother of one of your parents or the husband of your aunt. A man s wife is the woman he is married to. 1 Friendship best friend get on (well) with (sb) have a lot in common with (sb) keep in touch with (sb) neighbour (n) C \best "frend\ \get "Ån wid\ \hœv låt In "kåm n wid\ \ki p In "tøts wid\ \"neib \ miglior amico/a andare d accordo con (qualcuno) avere molto in comune con (qualcuno) essere in contatto con (qualcuno) vicino/a Your best friend is your closest friend. If you get on well with somebody, you like that person and are friendly to them. David is one of my oldest friends and we have a lot in common. We keep in touch by phone and . A neighbour is a person who lives very near you. Other words & phrases accommodation (n) U accountant (n) C advert(isement) (n) C \ kam "deisn\ \ "kaunt nt\ \ d"v tism nt\ sistemazione contabile annuncio pubblicitario Students working at the Regent Hotel get free accommodation. Gemma s father was an accountant. I m calling about your advertisement in the newspaper.
7 attractive (adj) \ "trœktiv\ bello (a), attraente The British like attractive Australian pop singers. background (n) C \"bœkgraund\ ambiente We come from similar backgrounds and we have a lot in common. best-selling (adj) \best"selin\ di successo Alan Titchmarsh is a best-selling writer and a famous TV face. blonde (adj) \blånd\ biondo (a) Helga was Nicholas girlfriend that s her with the blonde hair. bucket (n) C \"bøkit\ secchio She washes the clothes in a bucket. circus (n) C \"s k s\ circo The Boehmers are a circus family. clothes (n pl) \kl UDz\ panni She washes the clothes in a bucket. colleague (n) C \"kåli g\ collega A colleague is a person you work with. college (n) C/U \"kålidz\ collegio, università David and I were at college together. concert (n) C \"kåns t\ concerto My interests are cinema, concerts and pubs. contact (v) \"kåntœkt\ contattare You can contact me by phone or . corn (n) U \ko n\ mais (am.), grano (brit.) Gemma cooks simple dinners of corn and vegetables. couple (n) C \"køpl\ coppia The couple got married in doll (n) C \dål\ bambola Jane is six and likes playing with her Barbie dolls. dress (n) C \dres\ vestito (da donna) Look at that lovely flowery dress! electricity (n) U \Ilek"trIs ti\ corrente elettrica There is no electricity in Gemma s and Lesikar s home. (n) C \"i meil\ Christine promises to reply to all s. enquiry (n) C \In"kwaIri\ richiesta di informazioni For general enquiries, press 1 followed by hash. experience (n) U \Ik"spI ri ns\ esperienza No experience is necessary to work at the Regent Hotel. expert (n) C \"eksp t\ esperto Alan Titchmarsh is a gardening expert on BBC TV. famous (adj) \"feim s\ famoso (a) Make a list of five famous people from your country. fan (n) C \fœn\ fan Chelsea is an excellent place for Kylie Minogue fans to go. farmhouse (n) C \"fa mhaus\ fattoria He lives in an eighteenth-century farmhouse in a small village. fashionable (adj) \"fœsn bl\ alla moda Chelsea is a very fashionable part of London. find out (v) \faind "aut\ trovare (notizie) People visit Friends Reunited to find out about old friends. 2 fit (adj) flat (n) C flowery (adj) gardening (n) U guitar (n) C hobby (n) C housework (n) U include (v) juggling (n) U \fit\ \flœt\ \"flau ri\ \"ga dnin\ \gi"ta \ \"håbi\ \"hausw k\ \In"klu d\ \"dzøglin\ in forma appartamento a fiori giardinaggio chitarra hobby lavori di casa includere giochi di prestigio I m going to Kung Fu classes to get fit. David and Gavin live in a flat near London Bridge. Look at that lovely flowery dress! The British are very interested in gardening. Nicholas is the boy with the guitar and the pink shirt. Sally is too busy with her job to have time for hobbies. She is always busy with her job and the housework. Her neighbours include pop stars Madonna and Bob Geldof. The Boehmers are a circus family and the children do different kinds of juggling.
8 laugh (v) library (n) C lovely (adj) member (n) C message (n) C motor home (n) C perform (v) \la f\ \"laibr ri\ \"løvli\ \"memb \ \"mesidz\ \"m Ut h Um\ \p "fo m\ ridere biblioteca grazioso (a) membro messaggio camper esibirsi Why are you laughing? Gemma s mother worked in a library. I look terrible. No, you don t. You look lovely. Friends Reunited has seven million members. Please leave your message after the tone. Judy and Larry have a 10-metre-long motor home. The Boehmers now perform all over America. pink (adj) poll (n) C pop singer (n) C popular (adj) practise (v) press (v) primary school (n) C prime minister (n) C private (adj) pub (n) C recent (adj) recruitment agency (n) C secretary (n) C shirt (n) C show (n) C soap opera (n) C staff (n) U surprise (n) C/U temporary (adj) theme park (n) C tone (n) C traditional (adj) typical (adj) university (n) C/U urgently (adv) vegetable (n) village (n) C \pink\ \p Ul\ \"påp sin \ \"påpjul \ \"prœktis\ \pres\ \"praim ri sku l\ \praim "minist \ \"praiv t\ \pøb\ \"ri snt\ \ri"kru tm nt eidz nsi\ \"sekr tri\ \S t\ \S U\ \"s Up Åpr \ \sta f\ \s "praiz\ \"temp r ri\ \"Ti m pa k\ \t Un\ \tr "disn l\ \"tipikl\ \ju ni"v s ti\ \" dz ntli\ \"vedzt bl\ \"vilidz\ rosa sondaggio cantante pop popolare esercitarsi premere scuola elementare primo ministro privato (a) pub recente agenzia di selezione del personale segretario/a camicia spettacolo, show telenovela, soap opera personale sorpresa temporaneo (a) parco divertimenti segnale acustico tradizionale tipico (a) università urgentemente verdura paese Who s the boy with the guitar and the lovely pink shirt? The winner of the opinion poll was Alan Titchmarsh. Kylie Minogue is an Australian pop singer. Friends Reunited is one of the most popular websites in Britain. You can practise your languages at conversation classes. Press the star button to listen to the menu. There is a small primary school in the village. The prime minister of Britain lives in Downing Street. Experienced teacher offers private English lessons. My interests are cinema, concerts and pubs. The surprise winner of the recent opinion poll was Alan Titchmarsh. The name of the Recruitment Agency is Sayers. Sally is a part-time secretary. Who s the boy with the lovely pink shirt? The first show was at a theme park in Iowa. The family enjoys comedy programmes and soap operas. We are urgently looking for temporary staff. The surprise winner of the poll was Alan Titchmarsh. Call now if you re looking for temporary work. The first show was at a theme park in Iowa. Please leave your name and number after the tone. On Sundays they always have traditional roast beef or roast lamb. The Joneses are a typical English family. What did Christine study at Leeds University? We are urgently looking for temporary staff. Gemma cooks simple dinners of corn and vegetables. He lives in a small village in the south of England. 3
9 voic (n) U \"voismeil\ segreteria telefonica You have reached the voic of Kate Woods. vote (n) C/(v) \v Ut\ voto votare The prime minister got only 3% of the votes in the poll. (n) 29% of people voted for Alan Titchmarsh. (v) website (n) C \"websait\ sito web Friends Reunited is one of the most popular websites in Britain. wedding (n) C \"wedin\ matrimonio The couple s wedding was in winner (n) C \"win \ vincitore The winner of the poll was Alan Titchmarsh. wonder (v) \"wønd \ domandarsi I wonder where they all are now. Unit 2 Adjectives with prepositions afraid of bored with fond of good at interested in keen on terrible at worried about \ "freid v\ \"bo d wid\ \"fånd v\ \"gud t\ \"Intr stid In\ \"ki n Ån\ \"ter bl t\ \"wørid baut\ spaventato da stufo di affezionato a bravo in interessato a appassionato di scarso in preoccupato per I was afraid of the older children. Are you bored with school? I was really fond of Mr Miller, the biology teacher. I was terrible at most subjects, but I was good at art. He was really interested in us as people. I was keen on sports and swimming. I was terrible at most subjects, but I was good at art. I was worried about my grades. 4 Education cafeteria (n) C \kœf "ti ri \ mensa The school has its own cafeteria. certificate (n) C \s "tifik t\ certificato, diploma There is no leaving certificate in England. compulsory (adj) \k m"pøls ri\ obbligatorio (a) English and maths are compulsory until the age of 16. computer (n) C \k m"pju t \ computer I m interested in computers and the internet. course (n) C \ko s\ corso How long does the course last? desk (n) C \desk\ cattedra The teacher sat down at her desk. education system (n) C \edju"keisn sist m\ sistema scolastico Ireland has one of the best education systems in the world. examination (exam) (n) C \IgzœmI"neISn\ Ig"zœm \ esame Did you do well in your exams? experienced (adj) \Ik"spI ri nst\ esperto (a) Experienced teachers provide top-quality tuition. fail (an exam) (v) \feil ( n Ig"zœm)\ non superare (un esame) I took my exams and failed most of them. fee (n) C \fi \ tassa scolastiche How much are the course fees?
10 get a place (at university) grade (n) C headmaster (n) C headmistress (n) C headteacher (n) C homework (n) U language laboratory (n) C leaving age (n) C leaving certificate (n) C lesson (n) C location (n) C mixed sex (adj) multi-media centre (n) C native speaker (n) C pass (an exam) (v) private school (n) C (corporal) punishment (n) U pupil (n) C qualification (n) C registration form (n) C result (n) C single sex (adj) social programme/activity (n) C state school (n) C subject (n) C term (n) C timetable (n) C tuition (n) U university (n) C \get "pleis t ju ni"v s ti \ \greid\ \hed"ma st \ \hed"mistr s\ \hed"ti ts \ \"h Umw k\ \"lœngwidz l bår t ri\ \"li vin eidz\ \"li vin s "tifik t\ \"les n\ \l U"keISn\ \"mikst seks\ \mølti "mi di sent \ \neitiv "spi k \ \pa s n Ig"zœm \ \"praiv t sku l\ \ ko pr l "pønism nt\ \"pju pl\ \kwålifi"keisn\ \redzi"streisn fo m\ \ri"zølt\ \"singl seks\ \"s USl pr Ugrœm\œktIv ti\ \"steit sku l\ \"søbdzikt\ \t m\ \"taimteibl\ \tsu "ISn\ \ju ni"v s ti\ essere ammesso (all università) I got a place at Cambridge University. voto I always got good grades at school. preside (m) The headmaster was standing at the door of the class. a preside (f) A headmistress is a female teacher who is in charge of a school. preside, direttore A headteacher is a teacher who is in charge of a school. compito/i compiti At school I never did my homework. laboratorio linguistico The school has a language laboratory and a library. età di adempimento The minimum leaving age is sixteen. dell obbligo scolastico diploma finale At the end of secondary school students take the leaving certificate. lezione I never missed my lessons. sede, ubicazione The school has a central location near the Opera House. mista A mixed sex school is for boys and girls. centro multimediale The school has a multi-media centre with 20 PCs. parlante nativo All our teachers are native French speakers. superare (un esame) Did you pass your exam? scuola privata There are private schools and state schools in the English education system. punizione (fisica) The government banned corporal punishment. alunno They had a special class for difficult pupils. titolo You need to have the right qualifications. modulo di iscrizione Here s the registration form for the course. risultato Students get their exam results in the summer holidays. non mista A single-sex school is for either boys only or girls only. programma/ attività sociale The school has an exciting social programme. scuola pubblica In the English education system there are state schools and private schools. materia What was your favourite subject at school? trimestre Students do their exams at the end of term. orario We provide top-quality tuition with flexible timetables. insegnamento We provide top-quality tuition with flexible timetables. università After I left school I went to university. 5 School subjects art (n) U biology (n) U Greek (n) U \A t\ \bai"ål dzi\ \gri k\ arte biologia greco I was terrible at most subjects but I was good at art. Mr Miller was our biology teacher. All the students studied Latin and Greek.
11 history (n) U Irish (n) U Latin (n) U mathematics (maths) (n) U music (n) U religion (n) U science (n) U technology (n) U \"histri\ \"airis\ \"lœtin\ \mœt "mœtiks\ \mœts\ \"mju zik\ \ri"lidz n\ \"sai ns\ \tek"nål dzi\ storia irlandese latino matematica musica religione scienze educazione tecnica Compulsory subjects include maths and history. Students in the Republic of Ireland must study Irish. All the students studied Latin and Greek. English and maths are compulsory until the age of sixteen. I liked rock music when I was a teenager. Latin, Greek and religion were the important subjects in the past. I was interested in science and technology. I was interested in science and technology. Other words & phrases accent (n) C \"œks nt\ accento My French accent isn t very good. actually (adv) \"œktsu li\ in effetti I m probably a beginner, actually. anyway (adv) \"eniwei\ comunque Everybody, well all the girls anyway, loved him. artist (n) C \"A tist\ artista Pierce Brosnan wanted to be an artist. as usual \ z "ju ZU l\ come al solito Before the exam I told the students all the rules, as usual. (fall) asleep (adj) \ fo l "sli p\ addormentarsi It was hot and I fell asleep at the desk. ban (v) \bœn\ proibire The government banned corporal punishment in behaviour (n) U \bi"heivj \ comportamento Some of our students have behaviour problems. borrow (v) \"bår U\ prendere a prestito A library is a place to borrow books. brilliant (adj) \"brilj nt\ brillante Music classes with the new teacher were brilliant. care (about sb) (v) \"ke \ avere a cuore He really cared about his students, you know. club (n) C \kløb\ club French club is on Friday evenings. choose (v) \tsu z\ scegliere In addition, they must choose two or three extra subjects. (multinational) company (n) C \ møltinœsn l "kømp ni\ multinazionale My father works for a multinational company. competition (n) C \kåmp "tisn\ competizione We won first prize in a competition. complicated (adj) \"kåmplikeitid\ complicato Ireland has one of the most complicated education systems in the world. embarrass (v) \Im"bœr s\ mettere a disagio How can children embarrass their parents? enjoy (v) \In"dZOI\ piacere, amare Did you enjoy your school days? exciting (adj) \Ik"saItIN\ molto interessante The school has an exciting social programme. fancy dress costume/party (n) C \fœnsi "dres kåstju m\pa ti\ festa in costume A fancy dress party is one where people dress up as different characters. flexible (adj) \"fleks bl\ flessibile We provide top-quality tuition with flexible timetables. flight (n) C \flait\ volo The price includes flights and accommodation. fun (adj) \føn\ divertimento The music lessons were such fun that I didn t want to leave school. funny (adj) \"føni\ divertente His father told funny stories to Frank. 6
12 government (n) C \"gøvnm nt\ governo The government banned corporal punishment in great (adj) \greit\ fantastico in addition \In "disn\ inoltre in charge (of) \In "tsa dz v \ (avere) la responsabilità (di) (all) inclusive (adj) \ O l In"klu siv\ tutto compreso, all inclusive Did you like it? Yes, it was great. In addition, they must choose two or three extra subjects. I was in charge of the exams that day. We won a two-week, all inclusive (flight, accommodation, school fees) trip to Sydney. minimum (adj)/(n) \"minim m\ minimo (a) The minimum leaving age in England is 16. miss (a lesson) (v) \mis "lesn \ saltare una lezione I never missed lessons at school. mobile phone (n) C \m UbaIl "f Un\ cellulare No mobile phones are allowed in exams. of course (adv) \ v "ko s\ naturalmente Can you help me with my bag? Yes, of course. organize (v) \"O g naiz\ organizzare The head teacher organized a party for all the new teachers. painter (n) C \"peint \ pittore I loved art at school and I m a painter now. provide (v) \pr "vaid\ provvedere Our teachers provide top-quality tuition. row (n) C \r U\ fila I walked up and down between the rows of desks. rule (n) C \ru l\ regola I told the students all the rules no talking and so on. shopping bag (n) C \"SÅpIN bœg\ borsa della spesa A woman with a big shopping bag was standing in front of us. stupid (adj) \"stju pid\ tardo, ottuso The teachers said I was stupid but it wasn t true. sympathetic (adj) \simp "TetIk\ comprensivo He was sympathetic when I explained that I was feeling ill. ultra-modern (adj) \øltr "måd n\ ultramoderno The school has an ultra-modern multi-media centre. witch (n) C \wits\ strega I thought it was a Hallowe en party so I decided to wear a witch s costume. worry (about sb/sth) (v) \"wøri\ preoccuparsi di I m worried about my grades. 7 Unit 3 House & home (be) away from home \ bi wei fr m "h Um\ (essere) lontano da casa Because of my work I m often away from home. get home \get "h Um\ tornare a casa When I got home there was cigarette smoke in my room. home town \h Um "taun\ città natale Many Scots went to live abroad and gave their names to their home towns. homework (n) U \"h Umw k\ compito I have to do my homework. housewife (n) C \"hauswaif\ casalinga A housewife is a woman who does not work outside the home. housework (n) U \"hausw k\ faccende domestiche It s my turn to do the housework. leave home \li v "h Um\ lasciar casa Many young people leave home when they re 18.
13 Towns accommodation (n) U art gallery (n) C bar (n) C bridge (n) C bus station (n) C castle (n) C cathedral (n) C church (n) C cinema (n) C crime (n) C/U culture (n) U flat (n) C industrial (adj) library (n) C metro (n) C museum (n) C nightclub (n) C nightlife (n) U park (n) C opera house (n) C pollution (n) U public transport (n) U restaurant (n) C shopping centre (n) C stadium (n) C studio (n) C theatre (n) C traffic (n) U tram (n) C train station (n) C \ kåm "deisn\ \"A t gœl ri\ \ba \ \bridz\ \"bøs steisn\ \"ka sl\ \k "Ti dr l\ \ts ts\ \"sin m \ \kraim\ \"kølts \ \flœt\ \In"døstri l\ \"laibr ri\ \"metr U\ \mju "zi m\ \"naitkløb\ \"naitlaif\ \pa k\ \"Åp r haus\ \p "lu Sn\ \pøblik "trœnspo t\ \"rest rånt\ \"SÅpIN sent \ \"steidi m\ \"stju di U\ \"TI t \ \"trœfik\ \"trœm\ \"trein steisn\ sistemazione galleria d arte bar ponte stazione dell autobus castello cattedrale chiesa cinema crimine cultura appartamento industriale biblioteca metropolitana museo night club vita notturna parco teatro dell opera inquinamento trasporti pubblici ristorante centro commerciale stadio studio teatro traffico tram stazione ferroviaria Accommodation is cheap here in Verdun. The art gallery is opposite the library. There are a lot of good bars in Old Montreal. Cross the bridge to get to the football stadium. There is a metro station not far from the bus station. The castle is not far from the bridge. The cathedral is near the train station. The church is near a street called Gallowgate. In Old Montreal there s an IMAX cinema. There is not much crime in Outremont. Melbourne got high grades for entertainments and culture. There aren t enough cheap flats in Old Montreal. Newcastle was a 19 th century industrial centre. The library is opposite the art gallery. There is a metro station not far from the stadium. There are some excellent museums in Old Montreal. At what age is it legal to go to a nightclub? There isn t enough nightlife for us in Verdun. Outremont has the most beautiful park and the biggest houses. The opera house is near the cathedral. Pollution is caused by chemicals that damage air, water and land. Public transport is excellent in Verdun. The best restaurants in town are in Outremont. The shopping centre is near Eldon Square. There is a metro station not far from the stadium. A studio is a room where music, films or TV shows are recorded. Is there a theatre in your town/city? There are too many tourists and too much traffic in Old Montreal. A tram is a vehicle that travels along tracks in the middle of a street. Where is the train station in Newcastle? 8
14 Other words & phrases abroad (adv) area (n) C banker (n) C cash (n) U century (n) C chat (v) cheap (adj) clan (n) C coal (n) U community (n) C conference (n) C countryside (n) U dirty (adj) discourage (v) drive (sb) mad (v) encourage (v) flatmate (n) C flag (n) C grim (adj) guest (n) C immigrant (n) C independence (n) U normal (adj) online (adj/adv) ordinary (adj) origin (n) C outdoor (adj) owner (n) C passenger (n) C peace (n) U \ "bro d\ \"e ri \ \"bœnk \ \kœs\ \"sents ri\ \tsœt\ \tsi p\ \klœn\ \k Ul\ \k "mju n ti\ \"kånf r ns\ \"køntrisaid\ \"d ti\ \dis"køridz\ \draiv "mœd\ \In"kørIdZ\ \"flœtmeit\ \flœg\ \grim\ \gest\ \"ImIgr nt\ \IndI"pend ns\ \"no ml\ \Ån"laIn\ \"O dn ri\ \"ÅrIdZIn\ \aut"do \ \" Un \ \"pœsindz \ \pi s\ all estero zona banchiere denaro contante secolo chiacchierare, chattare economico clan carbone comunità convegno campagna sporco (a) scoraggiare far infuriare (qualcuno) incoraggiare coinquilino bandiera spiacevole ospite immigrante, immigrato indipendenza normale on line ordinario (a) origine all aperto proprietario/a passeggero/a pace Many Scots went to live abroad in the nineteenth century. We go to the area near the university for nightlife. There are Scottish bankers and Scottish businessmen everywhere you look. Cash is money in the form of notes and coins. Many Scots went to live abroad in the nineteenth century. I often chat with James and David on the website. There aren t enough cheap flats in Old Montreal. Clan is the Scottish word for family. Newcastle was an industrial centre for ships and coal. Most places in California have a Spanish-speaking community. There was a conference of whisky producers here in Lexington. Newcastle is surrounded by beautiful countryside. The kitchen s a bit dirty. If you discourage someone, you make them feel less confident or hopeful. If something drives you mad, it makes you angry. If something encourages you, it makes you feel more confident or hopeful. Make a list of rules for the flat with your flatmates. The flag of the United Kingdom is called the Union Flag. If something is grim, it is bad. There isn t any space in the house when we have guests. Some of the first immigrants to America were Dutch. I get no independence living at home with mum and dad. Strange means not normal. Something that is online is connected to or available through a computer or a computer network. (adj) I m waiting for a tartan scarf that I ordered online. (adv) Something that is strange is not normal or ordinary. There are more than 30 million people of Scottish origin around the world. Old Montreal is a good place for outdoor sport. K. Inamoto is a Japanese restaurant owner in Outremont. Many of the passengers on the Titanic were leaving for a new life in America. I get no peace and I can t do any work.. 9
15 picnic (n) C producer (n) C programme (n) C put (sb) off (v) reunion (n) C rollerblading (n) U scarf (n) C settle down (v) skating (n) U sofa (n) C space (n) U strange (adj) tartan (adj/n) tourist (n) C twin (n) C whisky (n) U \"piknik\ \pr "dju s \ \"pr Ugrœm\ \put "Åf\ \ri "ju ni n\ \"r Ul bleidin\ \ska f\ \setl "daun\ \"skeitin\ \"s Uf \ \speis\ \streindz\ \"ta tn\ \"tu rist\ \twin\ \"wiski\ picnic produttore programma scoraggiare, dissuadere (qualcuno) riunione andare sui rollerblade sciarpa stabilirsi pattinaggio (n) pattinare (v) divano spazio strano (a), insolito (a) scozzese, tartan turista gemello whisky You can have picnics in the park. I went to a conference of whisky producers in Lexington. I counted 245 names on the conference programme. If you put someone off something, you discourage them from doing it. Next summer there is a reunion of Hamiltons in Edinburgh Castle. You can go rollerblading in the park in summer. I am waiting for the tartan scarf I ordered online. Many Scots settled down and had families in the countries where they went to live. You can go ice-skating in the winter. We only have a sofa in the living room. There isn t any space in the house when we have guests. Strange means not normal or ordinary. I m waiting for a tartan scarf that I ordered online. (adj) The Hamilton brothers told me about the Hamilton clan and the Hamilton tartan. (n) There are too many tourists in Old Montreal. We ve got fourteen-year-old twins sleeping in the room with me and my brothers. There was a conference of whisky producers in Lexington. 10 Unit 4 Weddings bouquet (n) C bride (n) C bridesmaid (n) C ceremony (n) C champagne (n) U church (n) C groom (n) C \bu "kei\ \braid\ \"braidzmeid\ \"ser m ni\ \Sœm"peIn\ \ts ts\ \gru m\ bouquet sposa damigella cerimonia champagne chiesa sposo The bride throws a bouquet of flowers in the air. The bride wears a long white dress. Young girls called bridesmaids follow the bride into church. After the ceremony the couple and their guests go to the reception. They drink champagne and eat wedding cake at the reception. The wedding ceremony often takes place in a church. The groom arrives at the wedding before the bride.
16 guest (n) C honeymoon (n) C marriage (n) C/U priest (n) C reception (n) C registry office (n) C ring (n) C speech (n) C wedding cake (n) C/U \gest\ \"hønimu n\ \"mœridz\ \pri st\ \ri"sepsn\ \"redzistri ÅfIs\ \rin\ \spi ts\ \"wedin keik\ ospite luna di miele matrimonio prete ricevimento ufficio di stato civile anello discorso torta nuziale After the ceremony the couple and their guests go to the reception. The married couple often leave the party early to go on their honeymoon. Is marriage changing in your country? The priest is the person who marries a bride and groom in church. At the reception the couple and their guests drink champagne and eat cake. The ceremony usually takes place in a church or registry office. A woman wears her wedding ring on the third finger of her left hand. At the wedding meal the best friend of the groom makes a speech. The bride and groom cut the wedding cake together. Relationships ask (sb) out be crazy about (sb) have an argument about (sth) have (sth) in common go out with (sb) get married to (sb) be in love with (sb) split up go (out) on a date fall in love with (sb) partner (n) C divorce (n) C divorced (adj) \A sk "aut\ \bi "kreizi baut\ \hœv n "A gjum nt baut\ \hœv In "kåm n\ \g U "aut wid\ \get "mœrid tu \ \bi In "løv wid\ \split "øp\ \g U (aut) Ån "deit\ \fo l In "løv wid\ \"pa tn \ \di"vo s\ \di"vo st\ invitare (qualcuno) ad uscire essere pazzo di (qualcuno) litigare per (qualcosa) avere (qualcosa) in comune uscire con (qualcuno) sposarsi con (qualcuno) essere innamorato di (qualcuno) lasciarsi avere un appuntamento innamorarsi di (qualcuno) partner divorzio divorziato (a) He asked her out and they went on a date to the cinema. He was crazy about her and she was in love with him too. They had a big argument about something and then they split up. They seem to have a lot in common and they get on really well. Kathleen s going out with a journalist. They re going out together but she doesn t want to get married to him. He was crazy about her and she was in love with him too. They had a big argument and split up. They went on a date to the cinema. They fell in love very quickly. Friends say I have a full life and ask why I want a new partner. The number of divorces is increasing all the time. Many people get divorced nowadays. 11 Other words & phrases active (adj) \"œktiv\ attivo (a) Lynn is a very active and outgoing person. agency (n) C \"eidz nsi\ agenzia America s biggest internet dating agency has more than 6 million members. arrange (v) \ "reindz\ accordarsi Joe and Kathleen finally arrange to meet. average (adj) \"œvridz\ medio (a) The average UK wedding costs 13,000.
17 believe in sth (v) bookstore (n) C boss (n) C business (n) C/U carry on (v) cigar (n) C cold (n) C conclusion (n) C cover (n) C dead (adj) disadvantage (n) C friendly (adj) generation (n) C intelligent (adj) jacket (n) C journalist (n) C kid (n) C kiss (v) magazine (n) C matter (v) newsagent (n) C on my/her own outgoing (adj) perfect (adj) personality (n) C prefer (v) princess (n) C prison (n) C professor (n) C promise (v) \bi"li v In\ \"buksto \ \bås\ \"bizn s\ \kœri "Ån\ \si"ga \ \k Uld\ \k n"klu Zn\ \"køv \ \ded\ \dis d"va ntidz\ \"frendli\ \dzen "reisn\ \In"telIdZ nt\ \"dzœkit\ \"dz n list\ \kid\ \kis\ \mœg "zi n\ \"mœt \ \"nju zeidz nt\ \Ån mai\h r " Un\ \aut"g UIN\ \"p fikt\ \p s "nœl ti\ \pri"f \ \prin"ses\ \"prizn\ \pr "fes \ \"pråmis\ credere in (qualcosa) libreria direttore, capo attività (commerciale) affari proseguire sigaro raffreddore conclusione copertina morto (a) svantaggio cordiale generazione intelligente giacca giornalista bambino baciarsi, baciare rivista importare giornalaio per conto mio/suo estroverso (a) ideale personalità preferire principessa prigione professore promettere My perfect partner is happy with life and believes in himself. Joe opens a huge bookstore near Kathleen s shop. Joe is the boss of a really big bookshop in New York. Kathleen s business goes badly and the bookshop has to close. (C) Kathleen and Joe have an argument about business. (U) The relationship carries on like that for a bit until she starts to fall in love with him. Pete likes fine wines and Havana cigars. She s ill she s got a cold. The conclusion seems clear: marriage is very much alive and well. On the cover of every magazine someone is getting married. Do you think marriage is dead? What are the disadvantages of internet dating? My perfect partner is open in his relationships warm and friendly. Do you agree that marriage belongs to an older generation? Pete s perfect partner is intelligent, attractive and fun. A jacket is a short coat that covers the upper part of the body. Kathleen is going out with a journalist. I put the kids to bed and then read or watch TV. Joe and Kathleen kiss when they are in the park. Stories of divorce and marriage sell magazines. It doesn t matter if you are single or married the prison of marriage belongs to an older generation. Go to any newsagent and look at the magazines on sale. Lynn doesn t want to be on her own for the rest of her life. I m a very active and outgoing person. My perfect partner has the same interests as me. Lynn has an active and outgoing personality. My perfect partner is independent and sometimes prefers to do things on his own. We can see the princess now she s wearing a beautiful white dress. Do you agree that the prison of marriage belongs to an older generation? Sue doesn t agree with her professor about marriage. I m telling you the truth I promise. 12
18 referee (n) C romantic (adj) secret (adj)/(n) C share (v) single mother (n) C smile (n) C/(v) unusual (adj) vegetarian (adj)/(n) C vice versa (adv) victory (n) C yoga (n) U \ref "ri \ \r U"mœntIk\ \"si kr t\ \Se \ \singl "mød \ \smail\ \øn"ju ZU l\ \vedz "te ri n\ \vais "v s \ \"vikt ri\ \"j Ug \ arbitro romantico (a) segreto (a) segreto condividere madre nubile, madre separata sorriso sorridere insolito (a) vegetariano (a) vegetariano viceversa vittoria yoga The referee is holding up a red card. Jay wants a partner who is kind and romantic. Something that is secret cannot easily be explained or is difficult to understand. (adj) Lynn doesn t want a partner who has any secrets. (n) I would like to find someone to share those special moments. Lynn is a single mother with two young girls. It doesn t matter if you are single or married, she said with a smile of victory. (n) When someone smiles, they raise the corners of their mouth because they are happy or pleased. (v) Have you ever been to a wedding? Did anything interesting or unusual happen? Vegetarian food is intended for vegetarians. (adj) Jay would like to meet a vegetarian who doesn t smoke. Kathleen doesn t know who Joe is and vice versa. It doesn t matter if you are single or married, she said with a smile of victory. I often prefer to stay at home and read or do yoga. 13 Unit 5 Compound nouns backpack (n) C boyfriend (n) C cable car (n) C camping-gas stove (n) C credit card (n) C \"bœkpœk\ \"boifrend\ \"keibl ka \ \kœmpin "gœs st Uv\ \"kredit ka d\ zaino ragazzo, fidanzato funivia, funicolare fornello a gas per campeggio carta di credito A backpack is a bag that you carry on your bag when you are walking long distances. A boyfriend is a man or boy that you are having a romantic or sexual relationship with. The new cable car is going to bring 400 tourists every hour. A camping-gas stove is a piece of equipment that you use for cooking when you are camping. A credit card is a small plastic card that you buy things with and pay for them later.
19 dinner party (n) C first-aid kit (n) C flashlight (n) C guide book (n) C insect spray (n) U mobile phone (n) C penknife (n) C sleeping bag (n) C sunglasses (n pl) tea bag (n) C tour guide (n) C T-shirt (n) C video camera (n) C water bottle (n) C Air travel \"din pa ti\ \f st "eid kit\ \"flœslait\ \"gaid buk\ \"Insekt sprei\ \m UbaIl "f Un\ \"pennaif\ \"sli pin bœg\ \"søngla siz\ \"ti bœg\ \"tu gaid\ \"ti S t\ \"vidi U kœmr \ \"wo t båtl\ pranzo cassetta di pronto soccorso torcia guida insetticida spray cellulare temperino sacco a pelo occhiali da sole bustina per il tè guida turistica T-shirt, maglietta videocamera bottiglia dell acqua A dinner party is a social event in which you invite people to your house for an evening meal. A first-aid kit is a small box that contains things to treat someone who is ill or injured. A flashlight is a small electric light that you hold in your hand. A guide book is a book for tourists that contains information about a place. Insect spray is a liquid product in a container that you use to kill insects. Passengers are not allowed to use their mobile phones during the flight. A penknife is a small knife with one or more blades that fold into the handle. A sleeping bag is a warm bag that you sleep in, especially when camping. Sunglasses are dark glasses that you wear when it is sunny. There are old tea bags and water bottles everywhere on the Inca Trail. Ana Redondo is a tour guide and activist who wants to save Machu Picchu. A T-shirt is a soft shirt with short sleeves and no collar. A video camera is a piece of equipment used for recording something onto videotape. There are old tea bags and water bottles everywhere on the Inca Trail. 14 board (v) \bo d\ imbarcarsi Your plane is boarding at boarding card (n) C \"bo din ka d\ carta d imbarco Show your boarding card at the departure gate. book (v) \buk\ libro Book your flight and get your ticket. check in (v) \tsek "In\ fare il check-in Do you have any bags to check in? check-in (n) U \"tsekin\ check-in Go to the check-in and check in your luggage. departure (n) C \di"pa ts \ partenza Mike leaves from Departure Gate 41. duty-free (adj) \dju ti "fri \ duty-free We bought some gifts in the duty-free shop. fasten (v) \"fa s n\` allacciare Fasten your seat belt before take-off. flight (n) C \flait\ volo Have a nice flight! gate (n) C \geit\ gate, cancello Go to Departure Gate 41. hall (n) C \ho l\ sala The duty-free shop is in the departure hall. hand luggage (n) U \"hœnd løgidz\ bagaglio a mano Put your hand luggage in the overhead locker. land (v) \lœnd\ atterrare The plane is going to land in about 20 minutes. locker (n) C \"låk \ cassetto per i bagagli Put your luggage in the overhead locker. luggage (n) U \"løgidz\ bagagli You must check in all your luggage.
20 overhead (adj) pack (v) passport (n) C passport control (n) U seat (n) C seat belt (n) C security (n) U security guard (n) C take-off (n) C/U terminal (n) C ticket (n) C \ Uv "hed\ \pœk\ \"pa spo t\ \"pa spo t k ntr Ul\ \si t\ \"si t belt\ \si"kju r ti\ \si"kju r ti ga d\ \"teikåf\ \"t min l\ \"tikit\ in alto fare i bagagli passaporto controllo passaporti posto cintura di sicurezza sistema di sicurezza agente addetto alla sicurezza decollo terminal biglietto Put your luggage in the overhead locker. Have you packed your bags? You must have your passport and ticket ready to show. Show your ticket and passport at passport control. Get on the plane and find your seat. Fasten your seat belt. All passengers must go through security. Security guards check the contents of people s luggage. Fasten your seat belt and wait for take-off. Heathrow Airport has four terminals. Show your ticket and passport at passport control. Hotels air conditioning (n) U central heating (n) U connection (n) C countryside (n) U facility (n) C gym (n) C lift (n) C location (n) C minibar (n) C room service (n) U satellite (n) C sauna (n) C shower (n) C single (adj) twin (adj) \"e k ndisnin\ \sentr l "hi tin\ \k "neksn\ \"køntrisaid\ \f "sil ti\ \dzim\ \lift\ \l U"keISn\ \"miniba \ \"ru m s vis\ \"sœt lait\ \"so n \ \"SaU \ \"singl\ \twin\ aria condizionata riscaldamento centrale connessione campagna attrezzatura palestra ascensore posizione mini bar servizio in camera satellitare sauna doccia singola doppio (a) It s very hot here, but all the rooms have air conditioning. Central heating is a system for heating a house or building through a system of pipes. It s important that there s an Internet connection in the room. Countryside is the area outside towns and cities with farms and fields. The hotel has excellent facilities with a fantastic gym and sauna. The hotel has a fantastic gym and sauna. Unfortunately the lift didn t work and our room was on the sixth floor. It has an incredible location near the cable car station. There s no water in the minibar. We telephoned room service and had breakfast in bed. Every room has satellite TV. The hotel has a fantastic gym and sauna. We asked for a room with a shower and toilet. Have you got a single room for two nights? We wanted a double room but they only had one with twin beds. 15 Verb patterns be interested in + verb + -ing hope to + infinitive \bi "Intr stid In\ \"h Up t \ essere interessato a sperare di I m interested in learning more about the yeti. I hope to find the yeti.
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