DEMOCRACY PREP FIRST AND LAST NAME. Persuasion Mad Minute

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1 FIRST AND LAST NAME DEMOCRACY PREP DATE SUBJECT CLASS/HOMEROOM Persuasion 2.19 Mad Minute Suffixes Rule 1 Normally, in words that end in a silent e you must drop the e before you add a vowel suffix (i.e. cure + able = curable.) However, when a word ends in ce or ge, keep the e IF the suffix begins with a, o, or u. Example # 1 admire admirable Example # 2 manage manageable Directions: Use the suffixes in boxes below to write the final word. You will be graded on your spelling. # Base Word Base Word + Suffix Ex Example: notice + able Example: noticeable 1 accept + able 2 3 change + able peace + able 4 excite + able manage + able desire + able suit + able advise + able disservice + able 10 comfort + able Total: / 10 1

2 Class Notes Aim: SWBAT 1. Review the grammar midterm and defend their answers by identifying the rule that aligns with their answer. Active and Passive Rule Box Passive Voice: The object of the action functions as the sentence subject; The main verb phrase includes a form of the verb to be; a past participle (verb stem/main verb + - ed/- en). Example: The car was fixed (by the mechanic). Indefinite Pronouns as Antecedents Rule 1: Singular indefinite pronoun antecedents take singular pronoun referents. SINGULAR: another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, everybody, everyone, everything, one, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, somebody, someone, and something Rule 2: Plural indefinite pronoun antecedents require plural referents. PLURAL: both, few, many, others, and several Rule 3: Some indefinite pronouns may be singular or plural. It all depends on the noun it stands for. When the antecedent is one of the indefinite pronouns that can be either singular or plural, look at the noun at the end of the prepositional phrase. Use a singular pronoun when the noun at the end of the prepositional phrase is singular, and use a plural pronoun when the noun at the end of the prepositional phrase is plural. SINGULAR/PLURAL: all, any, either, little, none, some, more, and most 2

3 Class Notes Colons When to Use a Colon: There are two main uses for the colon in everyday writing. Both require an independent clause, also known as a complete sentence, before the colon. The first use is when introducing a list. The second is when introducing an explanation or example. Colons can also be used to separate a book title from its subtitle (Punctuation: A Useful Guide), as part of a business letter salutation (To Whom It May Concern:), and of course between the hour and minute in time notation (3:30 p.m.) Semicolons A semicolon can also be used before a transition (connecting) word or phrase. The transition words you are probably most familiar with include however, therefore, hence, thus, consequently, nevertheless and meanwhile. 3

4 FIRST AND LAST NAME DEMOCRACY PREP DATE SUBJECT CLASS/HOMEROOM Persuasion 2.19 Independent Practice Directions: Carefully read sentences 1-5. Then identify what voice each sentence is written by placing a þ in the correct box. 1. American archaeologist Hiram discovered the remains of Machu Picchu This ancient Inca site had been constructed on a narrow strip of land between two mountain peaks in Peru. 3. For a long time, Machu Picchu was called "the lost city of the Incas." 4. Now, however, archaeologists consider that label inaccurate. 5. They have given the title to another Inca city, Espý ritu Pampa. Directions: Place a þ next to the referent that agrees with the underlined antecedent in sentences

5 6. Everybody in this class has completed homework. a. his or her or b. their 7. Anyone in an all- women's college should not have fears about future. a. their or b. her 8. Much of the children were too loud for chaperone. a. his or her or b. their 9. Some of the graduation cake has bites missing in. a. them or b. it 10. Either Sandy or her sister will bring donation to the school fundraiser. a. her or b. their 11. All of the brothers have own investments. a. his or b. their 12. Neither of the children will do work. a. his or her or b. their 13. If anyone has an opinion about the charter school movement then should state it. 5

6 a. he or she or b. they 14. Few of the athletes were willing to admit part in the prank. a. his or her or b. their 15. Neither the teacher nor the students gave opinion about the mishap. a. his or her or b. their Directions: Place a þ next to correct answer for sentences Which punctuation mark is more appropriate, a colon (:) or a semicolon (;)? I bring everything I need to class every day my pencils, my books and my planner. a. colon (:) or b. semi- colon (;) 17. Which punctuation mark is more appropriate, a colon (:) or a semicolon (;)? Julia failed her quiz nevertheless, she was able to pass her mid- term. a. colon (:) or b. semi- colon (;) 18. Select the sentence that uses the semicolon correctly to separate independent clauses. 6

7 a. The university student center opened for only two hours. Clearly; there must have been some emergency. b. The university student center opened for only two hours; clearly, there must have been some emergency. c. The university student center; opened for only two hours. Clearly, there must have been some emergency. d. The university student center opened for only two hours, clearly; there must have been some emergency 19. A semicolon can be used before a transition word or phrase followed by. a. a colon b. a period c. a comma d. a quotation mark 20. The colon must be preceded by. a. a noun b. an independent clause c. a dependent clause d. an interjection 21. Select the sentence that uses the colon correctly to separate a list. a. Images of stylish children appear in various mediums: magazines, television commercials, and billboard advertisements. b. Images of stylish children: appear in various mediums; magazines, television commercials, and billboard advertisements. c. Images of stylish children appear in various mediums: Magazines, television commercials, and billboard advertisements. d. Images of stylish children appear in various mediums:, magazines, television commercials, and billboard advertisements. 22. Select the sentence with the correct punctuation. a. You asked for forgiveness, your actions really hurt her. b. You asked for forgiveness. your actions really hurt her. c. You asked for forgiveness: your actions really hurt her. 7

8 d. You asked for forgiveness your actions really hurt her. FIRST AND LAST NAME DEMOCRACY PREP DATE SUBJECT CLASS/HOMEROOM Persuasion 2.18 Homework 8

9 Review & Master Directions: Scholars will create four questions based upon the standards taught in unit 1 and unit 2. Active and Passive Voice 1. Indefinite Pronoun Antecedent Agreement 2. a. or b. Colons 3. a. b c. d. Semicolons 3. a. b. 9

10 c. d. 10

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