The Spanish Electricity System Summary

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1 (Time) The Spanish Electricity System Summary , 44, (MW) 4, 36, 32, 28, 24, 2,

2 Electrical Energy Balance (1) Comunidad Castilla- Castilla Andalucía Aragón Asturias Baleares Valenciana Canarias Cantabria La Mancha y León Cataluña Hydro 1,1 3,48 1,688-1, ,233 4,392 Nuclear , ,32 23,769 Coal 1,7 5,2 9,244 2, ,35 8,645 - Fuel / gas (2) ,298-4, Combined Cycle (3) 4, ,136 3,41-1,87-5,216 Generation consumption (4) ,228 Hydro-wind Other hydro (5) ,176 Wind 6,45 4,314 1, , ,388 12,274 2,867 Solar photovoltaic 1, , Solar thermal 2, Renewable thermal 1, Cogeneration and others 5,244 2, , ,682 4,86 Net production 31,996 16,534 13,24 4,287 19,966 8,58 1,873 22,528 33,912 41,626 Pumped storage consumption , , Energy exchange balance (6) 6,488-6,239-2,82 1,298 7,817-3,272-11,247-19,883 5,1 Demand (b.c.-at power station busbars) ,3 9,854 1,341 5,585 26,26 8,58 4,294 11,179 12,923 46,275 % 14/ GWh Ceuta Extremadura Galicia La Rioja Madrid Melilla Murcia Navarra País Vasco TOTAL Hydro - 3,16 8, ,86 Nuclear - 15, ,376 Coal - - 1, ,48 Fuel / gas (2) ,663 Combined Cycle (3) , ,18 25,919 Generation consumption (4) ,317 Hydro-wind Other hydro (5) , ,71 Wind - - 8, , ,26 Solar photovoltaic - 1, ,199 Solar thermal - 1, ,959 Renewable thermal ,729 Cogeneration and others , , ,273 25,887 Net production ,522 31,287 1,463 1, ,363 4,772 6, ,853 Pumped storage consumption ,33 Energy exchange balance (6) - -17,16-11, ,541-3, ,722-3,46 Demand (b.c.-at power station busbars) ,292 19,451 1,65 28, ,568 4,748 16, ,117 % 14/ (1) Allocation of generation units based on primary fuel. (2) Generation from auxiliary generation units is included in the Balearic Islands electricity system. (3) Includes operation in open cycle mode. Fuel and gasoil are the primary fuels used in the electricity system of the Canary Islands. (4) Consumption in generation corresponding to hydro, nuclear, coal, fuel/gas and combined cycle production. (5) Includes all those units less than 5 MW that do not belong to a hydro unit (UGH). (6) Provisional value. Includes values corresponding to intra-national and international energy exchange balances. Positive values indicate an import exchange balance and negative values show an export exchange balance.

3 Net Production Structure by Power Station Type % Andalucía Aragón Installed Capacity Structure by Power Station Andalucía Aragón (1) Includes solar photovoltaic and thermal. Asturias Baleares C. Valenciana Canarias Cantabria Castilla-La Mancha Castilla y León Cataluña Ceuta Extremadura Galicia La Rioja Madrid Melilla Murcia Navarra País Vasco Asturias Baleares C. Valenciana Canarias Cantabria Castilla-La Mancha Castilla y León Cataluña Ceuta Extremadura Galicia La Rioja Madrid Melilla Murcia Navarra País Vasco Hydro Nuclear Coal Fuel/gas Combined cycle Hydro-wind Wind Solar (1) Renewable thermal Cogeneration and others National Total % National Total

4 Installed Capacity as at Peninsular Electricity System Combined cycle 24.8 % Coal 1.7 % Nuclear 7.7 % Fuel/gas.5 % Cogeneration and others 7. % Hydro 19.5 % (1) Wind 22.3 % Solar photovoltaic 4.3 % Solar Thermal 2.2 % Renewable Thermal 1. % (1) Includes pure pumped storage (2.517 MW). Annual Demand Coverage Peninsular Electricity System Combined cycle 8.5 % Coal 16.5 % Nuclear 22. % Cogeneration and others 1.2 % Hydro 15.5 % (1) Wind 2.3 % Solar photovoltaic 3.1 % Solar Thermal 2. % Renewable Thermal 1.9 % (1) Does not include pumped storage generation.

5 Maximum Hourly and Daily Demand Peninsular System Hourly demand (MWh) Daily demand (GWh) 38,666 37,2 4 February (8-9 pm) 17 July (1-2 pm) February 17 July ,963 37, February (8-9 pm) 1 July (1-2 pm) January 1 July ,1 39, February (8-9 pm) 27 June (1-2 pm) February 28 June ,17 39, January (7-8 pm) 27 June (1-2 pm) January 28 June ,122 4, January (7-8 pm) 19 July (1-2 pm) January 8 July , 4, 3, 2, 1, , Winter (January-May / October-December) Summer (June-September) Coverage of Maximum Hourly Demand 38,666 MWh - Peninsular System 4 February 214 (8-9 pm) (1) Does not include pumped storage generation. Combined cycle 7. % Coal 2.5 % Nuclear 18.9 % Cogeneration and others 1.8 % Balance of international exchanges.6 % Hydro 24. % (1) Wind 34.5 % Solar photovoltaic.1 % Solar Thermal.1 % Renewable Thermal 1.5 %

6 Instantaneous Peak Power Demand Peninsular System MW 5, 4, 38,21 43,78 43,43 45,45 43,252 44,496 44,486 43,969 43,527 4,277 38,948 3, 2, 1, 9 December (6.3 pm) 27 January (7.57 pm) 2 December (6.58 pm) 17 December (6.53 pm) 15 December (6.59 pm) 13 January (6.41 pm) 12 January (6.56 pm) 24 January (8.6 pm) 13 February (8.21 pm) 27 February (8.42 pm) 4 February (8.18 pm) Evolution of Electrical Energy Demand at b.c. (1) TWh Peninsular Non-peninsular National (1) Demand at power station busbars.

7 Annual Evolution of Electrical Energy Demand and GDP - Peninsular System Demand Δ by Economic GWh Δ (%) Activity (%) GDP (1) 21 26, , , , , (Δ) Variation with respect to previous year. (1) Source: INE (Spanish Statistical Office). Annual Evolution of Electrical Energy Demand - Non-Peninsular Systems Balearic Islands Canary Islands Ceuta Melilla GWh Δ (%) GWh Δ (%) GWh Δ (%) GWh Δ (%) 21 5, , , , , , , , , , (Δ) Variation with respect to previous year.

8 Annual Evolution of Net Production Structure - Peninsular System TWh Hydro (1) Nuclear Coal Fuel/gas Combined cycle Wind Solar (2) Renewable thermal Cogeneration and others (1) Does not include pumped storage generation. (2) Includes solar photovoltaic and y solar thermal. Annual Evolution of Installed Capacity - Peninsular System GW Hydro (1) Nuclear Coal Fuel/gas Combined cycle Wind Solar (2) Renewable thermal Cogeneration and others (1) Includes pure pumped storage (2.517 MW). (2) Includes solar photovoltaic and solar thermal.

9 Evolution of Monthly Energy and Prices in the Electricity Market (1) 9 /MWh GWh 45, 8 4, 7 35, 6 3, 5 25, 4 2, 3 15, 2 1, 1 5, Freely contracted energy Energy Reference Supply Average final price (1) National demand data. Evolution of the Components of the Average Final Price in the Electricity Market /MWh Day-ahead and intraday markets Adjustment services Capacity payments

10 Energy Managed in the Peninsular System Adjustment Services (1) GWh % 14/13 Upward Downward Upward Downward Upward Downward Supply guarantee restrictions (2) 4,85-3, Technical restrictions (DBFP) (3) 7, , Additional upward reserve power (4) 3,3-4, Secondary control band (5) Secondary control 1,86 1,7 1, Tertiary control 3,33 1,812 3,66 1, Deviation management 2, , Real-time constraints (6) 558 1, , (1) Does not include energy associated to cross-border balance services. (2) Increased energy in phase 1 of the supply guarantee restrictions (RD 134/21 modified by RD 1221/21) (P.O.3.1). (3) Increased or reduced energy in phase 1 of the technical resolution restrictions of the DBFP (Daily Basic Functioning Program) (P.O.3.2). (4) Total annual reserve (GW). (5) Average hourly power band (MW). (6) Includes redispatching of energy from the Peninsular power system - Balearic power system interconnection. Average Weighted Price in the Peninsular System Adjustment Services /MWh % 14/13 Upward Downward Upward Downward Upward Downward Supply guarantee restrictions (1) Technical restrictions (DBFP) (2) Additional upward reserve power (3) Secondary control band (3) Secondary control Tertiary control Deviation management Real-time constraints (1) Calculated on the basis of the cost for the settlement of supply guarantee restrictions process divided by scheduled energy for supply guarantee restrictions. (2) Increased or reduced energy in phase 1 of the technical resolution restrictions of the DBFP (Daily Basic Functioning Program) (P.O.3.2). (3) Average hourly price ( /MW).

11 Map of International Physical Energy Exchanges GWh Lindoso Cartelle 4 kv 155 4,691 Conchas 132 kv Lagoaça 2, Pocinho Pocinho Pocinho Falagueira Alcáçovas Errondenia Lindoso Aldeadávila 4 kv Aldeadávila 22 kv Aldeadávila 22 kv Saucelle 22 kv Cedillo 4 kv Badajoz 66 kv 1 51 Alqueva Brovales 4 kv V. Ficalho Rosal de la Frontera 15 kv Tavira Puebla de Guzmán 4 kv Argia 395 Argia 1,57 1, Irún 132 kv Arkale 22 kv Hernani 4 kv Biescas 22 kv Pragnéres Lac D oo Margineda (Andorra) Benós 15 kv Adrall 421 3, kv Vic 4 kv Baixas P. Cruz 4 kv 3 5,839 Melloussa (Morocco)

12 International Physical Energy Exchanges by Interconnection GWh Import Export Balance (1) France 4,879 5,963 3,171 2,395 1,78 3,567 Portugal 5,323 6,345 8,1 7,247-2, Andorra Morocco 1 3 5,377 5,839-5,376-5,836 Total 1,24 12,31 16,936 15,716-6,732-3,46 (1) Positive values indicate an import exchange balance and negative values indicate an export exchange balance. Evolution of the International Physical Energy Exchanges Balance GWh 8, Import exchange balance 6, 4, 2, -2, -4, -6, -8, -1, -12, Export exchange balance France Portugal Andorra Morocco Total

13 Evolution of the Transmission Grid in Spain km of circuit 25, 2, 38,762 4,52 41,311 42,139 42,739 15, 1, 5, Spanish Peninsula 22 kv Balearic Islands 22 kv Canary Islands 22 kv Spanish Peninsula 4 kv Transmission Grid Facilities in Spain 4 kv 22 kv Spanish Spanish Balearic Canary Peninsula Peninsula Islands Islands Total Total lines (km) 21,94 18,811 1,545 1,289 42,739 Overhead lines (km) 2,977 18,96 1,89 1,23 41,185 Submarine lines (km) Underground lines (km) Transformer capacity (MVA) 79, ,793 1,875 84,539 Cumulative data regarding km of circuit and transformer capacity as at 31 December 214.

14 Graph Showing the Evolution of the Peninsular 4 KV and 22 KV Transmission Grid km of circuit 22, 2, 18, 16, 14, 12, 1, 8, 6, 4, 2, kv 22 kv Transmission Grid Quality ENS (MWh) AIT (minutes) Spanish Balearic Canary Spanish Balearic Canary Peninsula Islands Islands Peninsula Islands Islands 21 1, , , (1) ENS: Energy not supplied. AIT: Average Interruption Time. Average interruption time (AIT) = Energy not supplied (ENS) / Average power of the system. The supply continuity indicators shown do not include the potential influence of incidents that are pending classification due to the fact that they are subject to an administrative proceeding currently underway. (1) Provisional data pending audit (currently underway).

15 Non-Availability Rate of the Peninsular Transmission Grid % (1) Non-Availability Rate of the Balearic Islands Transmission Grid % (1) Non-Availability Rate of the Canary Islands Transmission Grid % (1) Programmable for causes not due to maintenance. Programmable for predictive and preventative maintenance. Non-programmable due to corrective maintenance. Non-programmable due to fortuitous circumstances. Note: Classification in accordance with RD 1955/2. The total non-availability rate of the transmission grid does not include the non-availabilities due to causes of force majeure or third party actions. (1) Provisional data pending audit (currently underway).

16 Electrical Energy Demand and Consumption Per Capita of the Countries of the European Union Members of the Continental Europe (ENTSO-E) Demand (TWh) Consumption per capita (KWh/Hab.) 214 % 14/ % 14/13 Germany , Austria , Belgium , Bulgaria , Croatia , Slovakia , Slovenia , Spain , France , Greece ,518.2 Holland ,592.1 Hungary , Italy , Luxembourg , Poland , Portugal , Czech Republic , Romania , Total 2, , Consumption per capita = Total consumption / nº inhabitants. Population data: Eurostat; consumption data: ENTSO-E, Spain: Red Eléctrica de España Structure of the Net Total Production of the Countries of the European Union Members of the Continental Europe (ENTSO-E) % Germany Austria Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Slovakia Slovenia Spain France Greece Holland Hungary Italy Luxembourg Poland Portugal Czech Rep. Romania Nuclear Classic thermal Hydro Wind Solar Other renewables Source: ENTSO-E, Spain: Red Eléctrica de España

17 P.º del Conde de los Gaitanes, Alcobendas (Madrid)

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