SOLAR PLATFORM OF THE ATACAMA DESERT

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1 SOLAR PLATFORM OF THE ATACAMA DESERT Diego Pulido Iparraguirre January 14th 2015

2 Table of Contents International conditions and opportunities for PSDA Chilean potential to PSDA Mission and Vision Objetives Collection and processing technology of solar energy Progress to date

3 Table of Contents International conditions and opportunities for PSDA Chilean potential to PSDA Mission and Vision Objetives Collection and processing technology of solar energy Progress to date

4 INTERNATIONAL CONDITIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PSDA NREL SNL México PSA DRL WIR PSDA Brasil ANU NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory (USA) 7900 km SNL - Sandia National Laboratory, en Denver y Alburquerque (USA) 7500 km PSA - Plataforma Solar de Almería (ESPAÑA) - 9,900. DLR - en Colonia y Julich (ALEMANIA) - 11,300 km WIR - Weizman Institute en Rehovot (ISRAEL )- 12,700. ANU - Australian National University (AUSTRALIA) -12,300 km.

5 Table of Contents International conditions and opportunities for PSDA Chilean potential to PSDA Mission and Vision Objetives Collection and processing technology of solar energy Progress to date

6 CHILEAN POTENTIAL TO PSDA CHILEAN SCENARIO High potential of solar radiation, the availability of natural resources, financial resources and political-social stability. Existence of a qualified academic resource required to collaborate in the areas of scientific and technological development. Existence of a mining industrial environment, with great interest in the thematic proposal given its high energy consumption and concern at the carbon footprint. Possibility that Chile could become the Solar Energy Center Latinoamerica reference. Development of an Energy Cluster.

7 CONVENTIONAL ANALYSIS OF TECHNOLOGY PARABOLIC CYLINDER (CCP) 1 m 2 => 2500 kwh/m 2 año. 1 (1 km 2 ) Energy Generation in a year 2500 GWh 2 Shadows, for CCP technology 50% -> 1250 GWh 3 Efficiency Parabolic Cylinder Collectors 50% -> 625 GWh 4 Rankine cycle 35% -> 219 GWh 5 Load Factor Plant 0,6 -> 131,4 GWh Energy Produced in the SING GWh 127,5 km 2 11,3 km x 11,3 km For reference, the Atacama desert surface is: km 2.

8 CONVENTIONAL ANALYSIS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY 1 m 2 => 2500 kwh/m 2 año (1 km 2 ) Energy Generation in a year 2500 GWh Shadows, for PV technology 50% 1250 GWh Efficiency PV 10% 125 GWh Electric Loss 5% 118,75 GWh Energy Produced in the SING GWh 141,1 km 2 11,87 km x 11,87 km For reference, the Atacama desert surface is: km 2.

9 Table of Contents International conditions and opportunities for PSDA Chilean potential to PSDA Mission and Vision Objetives Collection and processing technology of solar energy Progress to date

10 MISSION Promotion of development of solar energy in the Chilean context, contributing simultaneously to the country's sustainable development and quality of life of its citizens through the generation and application of scientific and technological knowledge. VISION Becoming a reference institution worldwide in this area, through scientific and technological excellence. Not only for the Chilean environment but for all Latin America and any country interested in developing this technology.

11 Table of Contents International conditions and opportunities for PSDA Chilean potential to PSDA Mission and Vision Objetives Collection and processing technology of solar energy Progress to date

12 OBJECTIVES 1. Promote and carry R&D (research, development and innovation) according to the guidelines emanating from different government agencies competent. 2. Promote collaboration with universities and national and international R&D centers in various technological areas related to solar energy. 3. Help provide specific learning opportunities that can meet the future needs of advanced human capital and technical product specialists. 4. Promote close collaboration with regional and national companies that allow adequate transfer and commercialization of the technologies developed.

13 OBJECTIVES 5. Promote the productive chain and the creation of spin-off. 6. Provide technical services in the areas of their competence. Provide advice and consultancy services to both administrations and public and private institutions in the areas related to their activity. 7. Foster activities derived from their R & D in the fields of scientific and technological diffusion, promoting general public awareness of the advantages and benefits of the technologies related to solar energy. 8. Reference center for these technologies, not only in Chile but also in the entire Latin American context.

14 Table of Contents International conditions and opportunities for PSDA Chilean potential to PSDA Mission and Vision Objetives Collection and processing technology of solar energy Progress to date

15 COLLECTION AND PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY OF SOLAR ENERGY SOLAR ENERGY PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATION Solar Thermal Generation Monocrystalline Polycrystaline Thin Film Low Temperature Medium Temperature High Temperature Electricity Generation Flat Collector < 100ºC Cylinder Parabolic and Fresnel 200ºC<T<400ºC Central Receiver System 500ºC<T<1000ºC Hydrogen Storage Batteries Process Heat Increased Load Factor GAS Electricity Generation Biomass Molten Salts Storage Increased Load Factor

16 COLLECTION AND PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY OF SOLAR ENERGY Silicon Monocrystalline Rendimiento 14-20%. Durabilidad 25 años, aprox. Disminución de la eficiencia con la temperatura Silicon Polycrystaline Rendimiento 12-15%. Durabilidad 25 años, aprox. Disminución de la eficiencia con la temperatura Photovoltaic Technology Amorphous a-si Rendimiento 8%. Durabilidad 25 años, aprox. Bajo Costo Cadmium Telluride Cd-Te Rendimiento 9-12%. Radiación Difusa Bajo Costo Thin Film Copper Indium Gallium Selenide - CIGS Microcrystals Silicon uc-si Mayor rendimiento en situaciones de poca luz Menor vulnerabilidad a las desviaciones de los ángulos de azimut y la inclinación Menor coeficiente de temperatura. Bajo Costo No emplea Si Mayor rendimiento en situaciones de poca luz Menor vulnerabilidad a las desviaciones de los ángulos de azimut y la inclinación Menor coeficiente de temperatura. Bajo Costo No emplea Si

17 COLLECTION AND PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY OF SOLAR ENERGY Flat Collectors Low Temperature Compound Parabolic Collector (CPC) Vacuum Tubes Colector Holographic Solar Thermal Technology Medium Temperature Parabolic Cylinder Collector Linear Fresnel Collector Central Receiver Systems Electric Energy Generation High Temperature Parabolic Disc Solar Oven

18 Table of Contents International conditions and opportunities for PSDA Chilean potential to PSDA Mission and Vision Objetives Collection and processing technology of solar energy Progress to date

19 PROGRESS TO DATE ~80 ha Study "Structural Design and Operational Research and Development of Solar Energy in Northern Chile." STA-CDEA-UA. Framework Agreement between Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT) and the University of Antofagasta. Cooperation Agreement Cylindrical Collector Installation 3M-CDEA. Adjudication "Fourth National Competition for Centers of Excellence in Research on Priority Areas FONDAP 2011." Chilean project Solar Energy Research Center (SERC-Chile). Adjudication of Performance Agreement for Higher Education "Strengthening the University of Antofagasta as Regional and National Reference in Non- Conventional Renewable Energy (ERNC)." ~85 km ~1100 m.s.n.m

20 PROGRESS TO DATE DELIVERY CONCESSION LOTS FOR PLATAFORMA SOLAR PROJECT ATACAMA DESERT ~80 ha

21 PROGRESS TO DATE SOLAR ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER - CHILE Solar energy industry / mining. Power systems with high penetration of solar energy. Coordination systems solar energy to rural and urban communities. Storage of solar energy. Solar water treatment. Economic, social and regulatory development of solar energy aspects.

22 PROGRESS TO DATE COOPERATION AGREEMENT CYLINDRICAL COLLECTOR INSTALLATION 3M-CDEA. Solar parabolic trough collector called LAT, Gossamer Space Frame and 3M Opening systems 7.25 meters, obtaining degrees 103x concentration. Use of film, with an efficiency of 94.8%, replacing the use of glasses. Using aluminum structures less weight, meccano construction system. Using continuous hydraulic system solar tracking.

23 PROGRESS TO DATE PERFORMANCE AGREEMENT FOR HIGHER EDUCATION "STRENGTHENING THE UNIVERSITY OF ANTOFAGASTA AS REGIONAL AND NATIONAL REFERENCE IN NON-CONVENTIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (ERNC)." OBJECTIVE: Renewable energy use and its impact on human capital formation, science and technology, tools as active participation of the university of antofagasta, the company and the public sector in developing regional antofagasta. Internal strengthening and creation of shared knowledge Bonding and Transfer to the University and Colleges Specialized Human Capital Development

24 PROGRESS TO DATE NATIONAL STRATEGIC PROGRAM IN SOLAR INDUSTRY. Developed by CORFO OBJECTIVE: To develop a solar energy industry from solutions of technological base that they fulfill with world class quality standards and competitive proces, to improve substantially productivity of the country and to journey towards an economy of knowledge, making use of the priviliged conditions of natural laboratory that presents the country.

25 PROGRESS TO DATE FIC-R 2013 (Innovation Fund for Competitiveness) IMPLEMENTATION, DEVELOPMENT AND DIFFUSION OF THE PLATAFORMA SOLAR ATACAMA DESERT INSERTED INTO THE SYSTEM OF REGIONAL TECHNOLOGY PARKS FIRST STAGE ~80 ha

26 PROGRESS TO DATE FIC-R 2013 (Innovation Fund for Competitiveness) IMPLEMENTATION, DEVELOPMENT AND DIFFUSION OF THE PLATAFORMA SOLAR ATACAMA DESERT INSERTED INTO THE SYSTEM OF REGIONAL TECHNOLOGY PARKS FIRST STAGE

27 PROGRESS TO DATE FIC-R 2015 (Innovation Fund for Competitiveness) IMPLEMENTATION OF A SYSTEM OF ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION, AS A TECHNOLOGICAL SUPPORT FOR THE PROJECT OF THE PSDA IN ITS FIRST STAGE OBJECTIVE: To offer basic aspects of instrumentation and technological equipment to strengthen and to give continuity to the works of R&D in solar energy, develop during the year 2015.

28 PROGRESS TO DATE FIC-R 2015 (Innovation Fund for Competitiveness) IMPLEMENTATION OF A SYSTEM OF ADVANCED INSTRUMENTATION, AS A TECHNOLOGICAL SUPPORT FOR THE PROJECT OF THE PSDA IN ITS FIRST STAGE

29 OPEN RESEARCH CENTER Collaboration between researchers and research centers Implementation and testing of new technologies Testing of commercial equipment, in-situ conditions of the Atacama Desert Laboratory demonstrative of solar technologies for future researchers. We invite you to collaborate and innovate with us, towards the development of solar energy

30 Thank You We invite you to collaborate and innovate with us, towards the development of solar energy

31 SOLAR PLATFORM OF THE ATACAMA DESERT Dr. Eng. Edward Fuentealba V. 1st International Workshop of Lithium, Industrial Minerals and Energy 8 10 Janeiro 2014

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