ence 2009 fer s, Con Loui St. room Class The In Ag al n tio Na Wh ' at s h t e Buzz on B? ees

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1 National Ag In The Classroom Conference St. Loui s, 2009 What's the Buzz on Bees?

2 Why study bees? Bees play an important role in agriculture. 80% of all the food we eat comes from fruits and vegetables that are insect pollinated. Honey bees are fascinating organisms. The complexity of their social organization rivals that of our own. They are industrious and selfless. 25% of the Western Bee population has disappeared.

3 Student Learning Objectives Students learn about honey bee life stages and bee anatomy Students learn about honey bee society, the role of the queen bee, the worker bee, and the drone Students learn about hive construction and how honey bees dance to communicate Students learn what nectar, honey, and pollen are; where they come from; and how bees and flowers share a mutually beneficial relationship Students become familiar with a U.S. map while locating states where honey bee pollination is highest Students learn about agriculture and the impact honey bees have on the fruits and vegetables grown

4 Bee Anatomy

5 Honey Bee Life Cycle A A honey bee has four distinct t life stages also known as Complete Metamorphosis. The life stages are Egg Larva Pupa Adult The time from egg to adult takes days. 16 days for queen 21 days for worker 24 days for drone

6 The Hive Interior of the hive is made from wax secreted from the worker bees abdomens. The bees chew the wax to make it pliable andbuild oneormoreverticalor combs. The combs consist of hexagonal wax structures called cells. The size of the cell is linked to function:.20 inches across used for raising worker bees.25 inches across used for rearing drones Both cells can be used for storing pollen and honey Special cells are made for raising a queen

7 Approximately 2 million colonies of bees are on the road each year to pollinate crops. The Varroa mite is thought to have destroyed most of the wild bee population, increasing demand for commercial rental of colonies.

8 Queen Bee Develops from fertilized eggs Primary duty is to lay eggs Fed and cared for by workers Only leaves hive to mate Longer abdomen Shiny thorax No pollen baskets Stings multiple times Sets the mood in the hive by releasing pheromones Average life span is 3 years

9 Drones Male Ml Develop from unfertilized eggs Slightly larger than worker bees Only job is to mate with the queen Fed and cared for by worker bees Rounded abdomen Huge compound eyes Powerful wings No proboscis, stinger or pollen baskets Average life span 90 days

10 Worker Bees So many jobs, so little time!

11 Worker Female Develop from fertilized eggs Provide food Clean the hive Care for the young, queen and drones Guard the hive Control temperature in hive Bring g water to hive Make the honey May only sting once Average life span is 4 6 weeks

12 Communication A honey bee worker who has found a rich food source, when she returns to her colony, will perform a "dance" which contains information about the distance and direction to the food source.

13 Honey Provides energy for the bees flight muscles and tastes good on biscuits.

14 What do bees eat? Worker bees gather pollen and nectar to feed larvae and other colony members Bees drink the nectar, store it in the honey sac, fly back to the hive and pass the nectar to the house bees House bees mix the nectar with enzymes and place into a cell Fanner bees speed up evaporation by fanning the open cell with their wings When the nectar becomes honey, worker bees cap the honey cells with wax Honey bees collect pollen in pollen baskets on their hind legs Pollen is mixed with nectar to create beebread, b a protein rich ti ihfood used to feed larvae Queens are fed a milky, yellow syrup called Royal jelly. Worker bees secrete this from glands inside id their heads.

15 Flowers exist for plant reproduction, producing fruits or seeds Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the male (anther) to the female (pistil) flower parts. A pollinator helps spread flower pollen.

16 Agricultural Impact of Honeybees Pollination is vital to agriculture. Crops that produce edible fruits and seeds will not mature, unless they have been pollinated. Beekeepers provide pollination services for over 90 commercial crops grown in the United States. The honeybee adds $15billion in value to agricultural crops each year, and the demand for honey bees is growing. The California almond crop alone uses million colonies of bees for pollination, approximately one half of all honey bees in the United States. Furthermore, this demand is projected to grow to 2.1 million colonies by 2012, a number nearly equal to all the colonies currently in the United States (2.4 million).

17 Fruits and Vegetables Pollinated by Bees in the US

18 Colony Collapse Disorder Theories 1. Stress and diet 2. Radiation from mobile phones 3. Pesticides and genetically modified food 4. Global warming 5. Pathogens like fungi, viruses and mites 6. Loss of habitat 7. Combination of the above

19 Pollination Polka A carefully choreographed dance.

20 Materials Needed Tiara or Crown (1) Baby Bottle (1) Wisk k Broom (1) Hand Fan (1) Small Water Bucket (1) Sheriff Badge (1) Round, Soft Bristle Hair Brushes (4) Chef Hat (1) Hard Hat (1) Police Officer Hat (1) Wooden Spoon (1) Mixing Bowl (1) Drinking Straws (11) Spray Air Freshener (1) Honey Bottle (1) Bath Towels (2) CraftPoms (24 in 4 colors) Velcro Squares (24 pairs) Yarn (1 Skein) Poster Board (15 sheets)

21 Things to Make 11 Worker Bee necklaces 1 Queen Bee necklace 5 Drone Necklaces 2 Larva Necklaces 2 Pupa Necklaces Hexagon cells Hive wall 11 Apple Blossom 1 Pumpkin Blossom 1 Orange Blossom 1 Petunia Blossom 1 Apple 1 Pumpkin 1 Orange 1 Petunia Seed Packet

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23 The Pollination Polka (To the tune of The Farmer in the Dell ) The bees buzz in spring, the bees buzz in spring, Hi ho the honey flows, the bees buzz in spring The hive has a queen, the hive has a queen, Hi ho the honey flows, the hive has a queen The queen dates the drones, the queen dates the drones, Hi ho the honey flows, the queen dates the drones The drones fly away, the drones fly away, Hi ho the honey flows, the drones fly away The guard protects the hive, the guard protects the hive, Hi ho the honey flows, the guard protects the hive The builder builds the cells, the builder builds the cells, Hi ho the honey flows, the builder builds the cells The queen lays the eggs, the queen lays the eggs, Hi ho the honey flows, the queen lays the eggs The larva hatches out, the larva hatches out, Hi ho the honey flows, the larva hatches out The nurse feeds the larva, the nurse feeds the larva, Hi ho the honey flows, the nurse feeds the larva The larva turns to pupa, the larva turns to pupa, Hi ho the honey flows, the larva turns to pupa The pupa become adults, the pupa become adults, Ti ho the honey flows, the pupa become adults The housekeeper cleans the cells, the housekeeper cleans the cells, Hi ho the honey flows, the housekeeper cleans the cells The workers bring the water, the workers bring the water, Hi ho the honey flows, the workers bring the water The flowers begin to bloom, the flowers begin to bloom, Hi ho the honey flows, the flowers begin to bloom The pollen is on the anther, the pollen is on the anther, Hi ho the honey flows, the pollen is on the anther The workers search for flowers, the workers search for flowers, Hi ho the honey flows, the workers search for flowers The workers drink the nectar, the workers drink the nectar Hi ho the honey flows, the workers drink the nectar The workers collect the pollen, the workers collect the pollen, Hi ho the honey flows, the workers collect the pollen The pollen falls on the stigma, the pollen falls on the stigma, Hi ho the honey flows, the pollen falls on the stigma The flower is fertilized, the flower is fertilized, Hi ho the honey flows, the flower is fertilized The flower becomes seed or fruit, the flower becomes seed or fruit, Hi ho the honey flows, the flower becomes seed or fruit The workers return to the hive, the workers return to the hive, Hi ho the honey flows, the workers return to the hive The chef bee uses the nectar, the chef bee uses the nectar, Hi ho the honey flows, the chef bee uses the nectar The fanner fans the nectar, the fanner fans the nectar, Hi ho the honey flows, the fanner fans the nectar The nectar turns to honey, the nectar turns to honey, Hi ho the honey flows, the nectar turns to honey The honey is stored in cells, the honey is stored in cells, Hi ho the honey flows, the honey is stored in cells The bees must work together, the bees must work together, Hi ho the honey flows, the bees must work together.

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