Prentice Hall: Miller Levine Biology 2002 Correlated to: Massachusetts Frameworks for High School Science (Grades 9-12)

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1 1. The Chemistry of Life Broad Concept: Living things are made of atoms bonded together to form organic molecules. 1.1 Explain the significance of carbon in organic Molecules. 1.2 Recognize the six most common elements in organic molecules (C,H,N,O,P,S). 1.3 Describe the composition and functions of the four major categories of organic molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids).* 1.4 Describe how dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis relate to organic molecules. SE: (Lab and Activities) 34-37, 44-48, 50, 51, 57, 58, 76, 77, 78 TE: 34, 46, 47, 77, 79 LM: Lab Manual A: 59-64; Lab Manual B: , 44, 76; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 35, 44; Chapter Tests: 56 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 36, 45; CTB CD- ROM: 56; Bio Detective Videotape: John Toms ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (Lab and Activities) 34-38, 40-48, 58, 74-81, 84 TE: 37, 42, 46, 47, 75, 77, 78, 79 LM: Lab Manual A: 59-64, 65-68; Lab Manual B: 59-62, , 39, 40, 56; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 35, 40, 44, 74; Chapter Tests: 56, 82 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 36, 45, 76; CTB CD-ROM: 56, 82; Bio Detective Videotape: Pfiesteria: A Killer in the Water : itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (Lab and Activities) 44-48, LM: Lab Manual A: 59-64; Lab Manual B: , 45, 46, 47, 48, 970, 972, 973; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 44, 970; Chapter Tests: 56 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 45, 972; CTB CD-ROM: 56; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 40, 41, 42, 43, 49, 57, 58, 74, 75, 77 TE: 42, 75, 77 LM: Lab Manual A: 65-68; Lab Manual B: , 74, 82; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 49; Chapter Tests: 56, 82 1

2 1.4 Describe how dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis relate to organic molecules. 1.5 Explain the role of enzymes in biochemical reactions. TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 50; CTB CD- ROM: 56, 82; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 49-55, 58, 296, , , 994 TE: 52 LM: Lab Manual B: , 991; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 49, 991; Chapter Tests: 56, 992 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 50, 979; CTB CD-ROM: 56, 992; Bio Detective Videotape: John Toms, History s Mystery: An Introduction to Forensic Science ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: 2. Structure and Function of Cells Broad Concept: All living things are composed of cells. Life processes in a cell are based on molecular interactions. 2.1 Relate cell parts/organelles to their functions.* SE: (Lab and Activities) , 194, 195, 198 TE: 172, 174, 175, 177, 178, 180, 181, 183 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: 81-86, , 185, 196; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 173, 184; Chapter Tests: 196 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 174, 185; CTB CD-ROM: 196; itext; Presentation Pro CD- 2.2 Differentiate between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells, in terms of their general structures and degrees of complexity.* SE: (Lab and Activities) , 194, 195, 197, 198 TE: 172, 174, 177, 179, 180, 183, 198 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: 81-86, , 173, 178, 183, 196, ; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 173, 185; Chapter Tests: 196 TECH: CTB CD-ROM: 196; itext; Presentation Pro CD- 2

3 2.3 Distinguish between plant and animal cells.* SE: (Lab and Activities) TE: 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 179, 181, 183, Distinguish between plant and animal cells.* 2.4 Describe how cells function in a narrow range of physical conditions, such as temperature and ph, to perform life functions that help to maintain homeostasis. 2.5 Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (diffusion, osmosis, and active transport).* LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: 81-86, , 183, 196; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 173, 184 ; Chapter Tests: 196 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 174, 185; CTB CD-ROM: 196; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 19, 20, , 587, 588, 790, 791, 822, 854, 855, 895, 896, 985, , 1000, 1001, 1007 TE: 188, 189, 587 LM: Lab Manual A: 85-90, ; Lab Manual B: 81-86, , 196, 202, 790, 822, 854, 856, 866, 895, 987, 989; Chapter Tests: 196 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 185; CTB CD- ROM: 196, 866; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) , 194, 195, 198, 202, 587, 588, 987 TE: 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 587 LM: Lab Manual A: 85-90, , 196, 202, 987; Chapter Tests: 196 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 185; CTB CD- ROM: 196; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: 3

4 2.6 Identify the reactants and products in the general reaction of photosynthesis. Describe the use of isotopes in this identification. SE: (Lab and Activities) , 218, , 234, 238 TE: 205, 208, 209, 211, 212, 214, 227, 228, 230, 232 LM: Lab Manual A: 91-94, ; Lab Manual B: 87-90, , 207, 209, 213, 216, 225, 226, 236, 238; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 204, 208, 225; Chapter Tests: 216, 236 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 205, 209, 223; CTB CD-ROM: 216, 236; itext; Presentation Pro CD- 2.7 Provide evidence that the organic compounds produced by plants are the primary source of energy and nutrients for most living things.* 2.8 Identify how cellular respiration is important is important for the productions of ATP. SE: (Lab and Activities) 67-73, 74-81, 84 TE: 69, 70, 72, 77, 78, 79 LM: Lab Manual A: 65-68; Lab Manual B: , 74, 81, 82; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 67, 74; Chapter Tests: 82 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 68, 76; CTB CD- ROM: 82; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (Lab and Activities) , , 230, 231, 232, 234, 235, 971 TE: 200, 202, 211, 220, 223, 227, 230, 231 LM: Lab Manual A: 91-94, ; Lab Manual B: 97-90, , 204, 205, 207, 209, 218, 222, 224, 226, 238; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 201, 204, 208, 221, 225; Chapter Tests: 216, 236 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 202, 205, 209, 222, 226; CTB CD-ROM: 216, 236; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: 4

5 2.9 Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.* 2.10 Describe and compare the processes of mitosis and meiosis, and their role in the cell cycle.* SE: (Lab and Activities) , 218, , 234, 238 TE: 205, 208, 209, 211, 212, 214, 227, 228, 230, 232 LM: Lab Manual A: 91-94, ; Lab Manual B: 87-90, , 207, 209, 213, 216, 225, 226, 236, 238; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 204, 208, 221, 225; Chapter Tests: 216, 236 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 205, 209, 222, 226; CTB CD-ROM: 216, 236; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (Lab and Activities) 240, , 258, , 281, 284, 513, 514, 1010, 1013 TE: 246, 248, 277, 278 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: , 248, 256, 276, 282; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 241, 244, 250, 275; Chapter Tests: Describe and compare the processes of mitosis and meiosis, and their role in the cell cycle.* TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 245, 251, 276; CTB CD-ROM: 256, 282; Bio Detective Videotape: Skin Cancer: Deadly Cells ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: 3. Genetics Broad concept: Genes are a set of instructions encoded in the DNA sequence of each organism that specify the sequence of amino acids in proteins characteristics of that organism. 5

6 3.1 Describe the structure and function of DNA, and distinguish among replication, transcription, and translation.* 3.2 Describe the processes of replication, transcription, and translation and how they relate to each other in molecular biology. 3.3 Describe the general pathway by which ribosomes synthesize proteins by using trnas to translate genetic information encoded in mrnas. SE: (Lab and Activities) , 316 TE: 291, 297, 298, 302, 304 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: , , 291, 292, 295, 300, 308, 314; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 295, 300, 309; Chapter Tests: 314 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 296, 301, 310; CTB CD-ROM: 314; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) , 316 TE: 291, 297, 298, 302, 304 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: , , 291, 292, 295, 300, 308, 314; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 295, 300, 309; Chapter Tests: 314 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 296, 301, 310; CTB CD-ROM: 314; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 286, 291, 294, 296, 297, , 313, 315, 316 TE: 286, 291, 302, 303, 304 LM: Lab Manual B: , 295, 300, 313, 314; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 295, 300; Chapter Tests: 314 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 296, 301; CTB CD-ROM: 314; itext; Presentation Pro CD- 6

7 3.4 Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may be silent or result in phenotypic change in an organism and in its offspring. 3.5 Differentiate between dominant, recessive, codominant, polygenic, and sex-linked traits. 3.6 State Mendel s laws of segregation and independent assortment. 3.7 Use a Punnett Square to determine the genotype and phenotype of monohybrid crosses.* SE: (Lab and Activities) 306, 307, 308, 311, 312, 316, 319, 320, 328, 329, 334, 335, , 364, 393, 394, 1016, 1047 TE: 306, 308, 321, 329, 353, 362, 394 LM: Lab Manual A: , , ; Lab Manual B: , , 308, 335, 344, 345, 346, 348, 349, 353, 362; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 309, 349; Chapter Tests: 314, 362 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 310, 350; CTB CD-ROM: 314, 362; Bio Detective Videotape: Coming Home: A Nations Pledge ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (Lab and Activities) , 279, 280, 284, , 364, , 414 TE: 262, 265, 272, 273, 343, 345, 346, 347, 351 LM: Lab Manual A: , , ; Lab Manual B: , , , 264, 267, 270, 282, 341, 349, 362, 393, 397, 412; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 263, 267, 270, 341, 349, 393; Chapter Tests: 282, 362, 412 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 264, 268, 271, 342, 350, 394; CTB CD-ROM: 282, 362, 412; Bio Detective Videotape: Coming Home: A Nations Pledge ; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) , , 279, 282, 284, 306, 343, 393 TE: 265, 272, 273 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: , 264, 270, 282; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 263, 270; Chapter Tests: 282 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 264, 271; CTB CD-ROM: 282; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 268, 269, 270, 271, 284, 343 TE: 271, 272, 343 7

8 3.7 Use a Punnett Square to determine the genotype and phenotype of monohybrid crosses.* 3.8 Explain how zygotes are produced in the fertilization process. 3.9 Recognize that while viruses lack cellular structure, they have the genetic material to invade living cells. LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: , 282; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 267, 270; Chapter Tests: 282 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 268, 271; CTB CD-ROM: 282; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 558, 611, 614, 1009, 1010, 1111, 1015, 1016, 1017, 1026 TE: 1011, 1018 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: , 1009, 1016, 1024; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 609, 1009, 1016; Chapter Tests: 1024 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 610, 1010, 1017; CTB CD-ROM: 1024; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) , , 492 TE: 289, , 490 LM: Lab Manual A: ; Lab Manual B: , 483, 487, 489, 490; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 287, 482; Chapter Tests: 490 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 288, 483; CTB CD-ROM: 490; Bio Detective Videotape: Hanta Virus; A Tale of Mice and People ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: 4. Human Anatomy and Physiology Broad Concept: There is a relationship between structure and function in organ systems of humans. 4.1 Explain how major organ systems in humans (e.g., kidney, muscle, lung) have functional units (e.g., nephron, sarcome, alveoli) with specific anatomy that perform the function of that organ system. SE: (Lab and Activities) 890, , 897, 902, 906, 907, 920, 921, 922, , 930, 933, 934, 942, 943, 944, , 964, 965, 978, 979, 983, 985, 986, 994, 997, 1000, , 1034, 1035 TE: 893, 894, 895, 920, 923, 930, 946, 947 LM: Lab Manual A: , , ; Lab Manual B: , , ,

9 4.1 Explain how major organ systems in humans (e.g., kidney, muscle, lung) have functional units (e.g., nephron, sarcome, alveoli) with specific anatomy that perform the function of that organ system. 4.2 Describe how the functions of individual systems within humans are integrated to maintain a homeostatic balance in the body. 891, 892, 893, 894, 896, 902, 916, 921, 926, 933, 938, 943, 958, 978, 985, 1001, 1010, 1012; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 891, 897, 921, 926, 943, 978, 985; Chapter Tests: 916, 938 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 892, 902, 922, 926, 933, 944, 979, 986; CTB CD-ROM: 916, 938; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (Lab and Activities) 892, 893, 895, 896, 898, 905, 906, 909, 930, 931, 934, 940, 943, 954, 957, 960, 961, 964, 965, 988, 989, 990, 991, 994, , 1004, 1007, 1012, 1017 TE: 893, 894, 895, 946, 947 LM: Lab Manual A: , , ; Lab Manual B: , , , 896, 929, 959, 960, 988, 1000; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 906, 921, 933, 943, 956, 978; Chapter Tests: 916, 966 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 892, 898, 902, 957, 978, 998; CTB CD-ROM: 916, 966 ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: 5. Evolution and Biodiversity Broad Concept: Evolution and biodiversity are the result of genetic changes that occur in constantly changing environments. 5.1 Explain how the fossil record, comparative anatomy, and other evidence support the theory of evolution. SE: (Lab and Activities) 190, 191, , , , , , , , 466, , 496, 535, 554, 555, 570, 573, 670, 686, 692, 693, 702, 716, 722, 725, 735, 737, 745, 747, 748, 749, 750, , 788, 803, 807, 813, , , 865 TE: , 406, 407, 408, 420, 438, 453, 686, 687, 748, 749, 841, 851 LM: Lab Manual A: , , , , ; Lab Manual B: 81-86, , 390, 410, 414, 418, 437, 444, 451, 453, 464, 573, 574, 760, 816, 840, 841, 850, 865, 868; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 396, 373, 404, 417, 435, 451, 767, 828, 834; Chapter Tests: 388, 412, 442, 464, 574, 844, 866 9

10 5.1 Explain how the fossil record, comparative anatomy, and other evidence support the theory of evolution. 5.2 Illustrate how genetic variation is preserved or eliminated from a population through Darwinian natural selection (evolution) resulting in biodiversity. 5.3 Describe how the taxonomic system classifies living things into domains (eubacteria, archaebacteria, and eukaryotes) and kingdoms (animals, plants, fungi, etc.).* [Note: There is an ongoing scientific debate about the number of kingdoms and which organisms should be included in each. The following websites provide more information: Brave New Biosphere whyfiles.org/022critters/phylogeny.html, and The Tree of Life Project Root Page phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/life.html.] TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 370, 374, 405, 418, 437, 768, 829, 835; CTB CD-ROM: 388, 412, 442, 464, 574, 844, 866; Bio Detective Videotape: The Galapagos Islands: A Glimpse into the Past ; Mummies: Ties to the Past ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (lab and activities) 67-73, 86, 87, 88, 89, 92-97, 113, 116, , , 161, 164, , 387, 390, , 403, 406, 407, 408, 414, 594, 598, 666, 667, 671, 685, 690, 696, 700, 704, 709, 712, 728, , 751, 752, 753, 772, 773, 774, 781, 782, 783, 789, 794, 796, 805, 807, 820, 834, , , 872, 878, 879 TE: 69, 89, 92, 97, 114, 146, 156, 158, 379, , 406, 407, 645, 671, 696, 748, 773, 784, 808, 851 LM: Lab Manual A: 79-84, , , , , ; Lab Manual B: 77-80, , , , , 96, 114, 125, 153, 320, 381, 388, 398, 410, 412, 708, 709, 710, 727, 747, 760, 792, 805, 807, 816, 835, 844, 851, 866; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 87, 90, 124, 152, 378, 393, 397, 404, 834Presentation Assistant Plus: 88, 91, 125, 153, 379, 394, 398, 405, 835; CTB CD-ROM: 388, 412, 710, 760, 792, 816, 844, 866 TECH: Bio Detective Videotape: Mummies: Ties to the Past, The Galapagos Islands: A Glimpse into the Past, Insect Clues: The Smallest Witnesses ; itext; Presentation Pro CD- ROM; Take it to the Net; SE: (Lab and Activities) , , 466, TE: 448, 451, 455, 459, 460, 461, 464 LM: Lab Manual A: , , , , ; Lab Manual B: , , , , , , , 450, 452, 458, 461, 464; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 447, 451, 457; Chapter Tests:

11 5.3 Describe how the taxonomic system classifies living things into domains (eubacteria, archaebacteria, and eukaryotes) and kingdoms (animals, plants, fungi, etc.).* [Note: There is an ongoing scientific debate about the number of kingdoms and which organisms should be included in each. The following websites provide more information: Brave New Biosphere whyfiles.org/022critters/phylogeny.html, and The Tree of Life Project Root Page phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/life.html.] TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 448, 452, 458; CTB CD-ROM: 464; itext; Presentation Pro CD- 6. Ecology Broad Concept: Ecology is the interaction between living organisms and their environment. 6.1 Explain how biotic and abiotic factors cycle in an ecosystem (water, carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen).* 6.2 Use a food web to identify and distinguish producers, consumers, and decomposers, and explain the transfer of energy through trophic levels.* SE: (Lab and Activities) 90-93, , 111, 116 TE: 90, 92, 93, 94, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 108, 109, 111, 114 LM: Lab Manual A: 69-72; Lab Manual B: , 92, 98, 100, 101, 102, 105, 111, 114, 117; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 90, 99, 106; Chapter Tests: 114 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 91, 107; CTB CD-ROM: 114; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 62, 67-81, 84, 86, 90-97, 113, 116, , 136, 153, 164, 380, 381, 398, 401, 402, , 474, 477, 538, 539, 700, 881 TE: 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 80, 92, 93, 96, 97, 153, 165, 408, 474, 477, 538, 700, 778, 781, 831 LM: Lab Manual A: 69-72, 73-78; Lab Manual B: 67-70, 71-76, , 69, 70, 73, 74, 82, 84, 91, 96, 114, 124, 131, 134, 162, 165, 401, 412, 415; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 67, 74, 90, 124; Chapter Tests: 82, 114 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 76, 91, 125, 134; CTB CD-ROM: 82, 114, 134, 162; Bio Detective Videotape: Pfiesteria: A Killer in the Water, The Galapagos Islands: A Glimpse into the Past ; itext; Presentation Pro CD- 11

12 6.3 Identify the factors in an ecosystem that influence fluctuations in population size. 6.4 Analyze changes in an ecosystem resulting from natural causes, changes in climate, human activity, or introduction of non-native species. 6.5 Explain how symbiotic behavior produces interactions within ecosystems. SE: (Lab and Activities) 90-97, 113, 116, , , 130, 136, 398, 399, 401, 402, , TE: 92, 93, 94, 97, 126, 127 LM: Lab Manual A: 69-72, 73-78; Lab Manual B: 67-70, 71-76, , 96, 114, 120, 125, 134, 401, 478; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 90, 119, 124, 129, 397, 404; Chapter Tests: 114, 134, 412 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 120, 125, 130, 405; CTB CD-ROM: 114, 134, 412; Bio Detective Videotape: Hanta Virus; A Tale of Mice and People ; itext; Presentation Pro CD- SE: (Lab and Activities) 66, 84, 87, 88, 89, 92-97, 113, 116, 121, , , 161, 164, , , , , 668, 674, 675, 700, 787, 789, 805, 814, 872 TE: 89, 92, 93, 97, 114, 126, 127, 146, 149, 151, 153, 155, 156, 160, 162, 165, 329, 402, 700, 778, 781, 931 LM: Lab Manual A: 69-72, 79-84, , , ; Lab Manual B: 67-70, 77-80, , , , 91, 96, 114, 125, 134, 145, 147, 148, 150, 151, 152, 162, 165, 320, 328, 332, 401, 478; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 87, 90, 119, 124, 139, 144, 152, 319, 397, 404; Chapter Tests: 114, 134, 162 TECH: Presentation Assistant Plus: 88, 91, 120, 125, 140, 145, 153, 320, 398, 405; CTB CD-ROM: 114, 134, 162, 320, 336, 388; Bio Detective Videotape: Hanta Virus; A Tale of Mice and People, Coming Home: A Nations Pledge ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: SE: (Lab and Activities) 92-95, 126, 503, 504, 508, 509, 537, 538, 540, 541, 542, 546, 658, 667, 675, 700, 708 TE: 92, 93, 94, 504, 539, 540, 541 LM: Lab Manual A: 69-72; Lab Manual B: , 509, 537, 541, 544, 708; Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 90, 537; Chapter Tests:

13 6.5 Explain how symbiotic behavior produces interactions within ecosystems. TECH: CTB CD-ROM: 544 ; Bio Detective Videotape: Pfiesteria: A Killer in the Water ; itext; Presentation Pro CD-Rom; Take It To The Net: NOTE: Bold face type indicates core standards for full-year courses. An asterisk (*) indicates core standards for integrated courses. 13

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