Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation


 Neil Elwin Harris
 9 months ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 351 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation In this tutorial, RS2 is used to simulate a foundation experiencing cyclic machine loading. This tutorial covers the basics of setting up a model for dynamic analysis in RS2, and interpreting the dynamic analysis results. Topics Covered Project Settings Dynamic Boundary Conditions Dynamic Loading Time Line Queries Dynamic Results Interpretation Geometry The geometry is provided below. Ensure that the joint boundary provided between point (66, 70) and (74, 70) has a Joint End Condition of "Both ends open". In addition to the external boundary and joint boundary displayed above, a material boundary will be provided in order to define two areas with different mesh densities.
2 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 352 Model Project Settings Open the Project Settings dialog from the toolbar or the Analysis menu. Under the General page, define the units as being Metric, stress as kpa. For this tutorial the Time Units need to be specified as "Seconds". In the Project Settings dialog, select the Dynamic page. Check the Dynamic Analysis checkbox in order to enable the dynamic analysis to be conducted on specific stages. On this tab the general dynamic parameters are defined such as Rayleigh Damping. For this analysis the model will be damped at 5% critical damping for the frequencies 2 and 5 Hz. Check the Frequency1 radio button and enter 2 and 5 Hz for the frequencies and 0.05 for both Damping ratios.
3 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 353 Instead of using the auto time stepping option, each stage will be made to always have 70 time steps regardless of the duration of the dynamic stage. Keep the integration method parameters at their default values. In addition to an initial static stage, four dynamic stages will be added in order to see the state of the model at intermediate time stages and in its final state. The total duration of the dynamic simulation will be 1.5 s. Three intermediate stages will be provided at 0.7, 0.73, and 0.75, seconds. In the Project Settings dialog, select the Stages page. The first stage in the analysis is by default always a static analysis stage. Insert four new stages and check the Dynamic checkbox for each of the new stages. In the time column the simulation time at which each stage will end is inserted. Add the corresponding times and name the stages.
4 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 354 TIP: If a static stage is placed between two dynamic stages, the latter dynamic stage will still proceed from the time the previous time stage ended to the latter stage's end time. Close the Project Settings dialog by pressing the OK button. Boundaries Select the Geometry workflow tab. Select the Add External option in the Boundaries menu and enter the coordinates shown in the figure at the beginning of this tutorial. Select the Add Joint option and add a single joint boundary between the coordinates (66,70) and (74,70). Make sure the joint end condition is Both Ends Open. Select the Add Material Boundary option, and add a material boundary joining the following points: (50, 70), (50, 35), (90, 35) and (90, 70). Within this new bounded area, the mesh density will be increased. Mesh Now generate the finite element mesh. Before we do this, let s define the parameters (type of mesh, number of elements, type of element) used in the meshing process. 1. Select the Mesh workflow tab. Select the Mesh Setup option in the toolbar or Mesh menu. 2. In the Mesh Setup dialog, change the Mesh Type to Graded, the Element Type to 6 Noded Triangles and the Default Number of Nodes on External to Select the Advanced button to reveal the Advanced Meshing options. Check the Use Advanced Mesh Regions checkbox. Set the Gradation Factor to 0.3.
5 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Click the Add... button and select the region bounded by the material boundaries. Click the Add... button once more and select the region above the joint boundary (you may have to zoom in to select this region). 5. Two hatched regions are added to the model indicating the Advanced Mesh Regions. In the table in the Mesh Setup dialog, change the Element Length of the regions to have a value of Close the Mesh Setup dialog by selecting the OK button. The model of the soil and foundation with the two hashed regions of advanced meshing is shown below. 2 1
6 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 356 Mesh the model by selecting the Discretize and Mesh option from the toolbar or the Mesh menu. Notice the uniform mesh within the material boundaries, and graded mesh outside. Mesh and default boundary conditions Boundary Conditions All the external boundaries will be unrestrained. 1. Select the Loads & Restraints workflow tab. Select the Free option in the Displacements menu. 2. Use the mouse to select all the line segments that define the external boundary. 3. Rightclick and select Done Selection. Free boundary condition applied to the entire external boundary
7 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 357 Material Properties Now we will define the material properties of the soil and the machine foundation. Select the Materials and Staging workflow tab. Select Define Materials from the toolbar or the Properties menu. Type Soil for the name. Make sure the Initial Element Loading is set to None. Enter 19 kn/m 3 for the Unit Weight. Select the Stiffness tab and enter kpa for the Young s Modulus and 0.4 for the Poisson ratio. The strength properties should remain at their default values. A second material will be defined for the concrete foundation. Select Material 2 to begin editing it. Type Concrete for the name. Make sure the Initial Element Loading is set to None. Enter 24 kn/m 3 for the Unit Weight. Select the Stiffness tab and enter kpa for the Young s Modulus and 0.25 for the Poisson ratio. The strength properties are to remain at their default values. Press the OK button to save the properties and close the dialog.
8 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 358 Select Assign Properties in the Properties menu to bring up the Assign dialog. Select the Concrete material and click on the portion of the mesh above the joint boundary that represents the concrete pad foundation (zoom in if necessary). Select Define Joints in the Properties menu to open the Define Joint Properties dialog. For this analysis the joint will be defined to be very stiff so that it does not contribute to the response. In the Additional section at the end of this tutorial, the joint will be allowed to slip and deform and a comparison can be made between a rigid and elastic interface. 1. Rename Joint 1 to Interface. 2. Set the Normal Stiffness and the Shear Stiffness to both have a value of kpa/m. 3. Check the Initial Joint Deformation checkbox to ensure no field stresses are applied on the joint. 4. Press the OK button and save the model using the Save option in the File menu.
9 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation 359 Dynamic Loads Define the Machine Loading that will be applied on the foundation. Select the Dynamic workflow tab. Select Define Dynamic Load from the toolbar or the Dynamic menu. The Define Dynamic Loads dialog will appear allowing dynamic loads to be defined in the X and/or Y directions. Name the load Machine Load. Make sure the Type field is set to Distributed Force. Check the X checkbox and press the Define button in order to define a force time history. This will open the Function Defining Dialog.
10 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation The value of the force at each time step may now be inputted in the table provided on the left side of the dialog and the resulting force history is plotted on the right side. The force that will be applied along the top of the foundation is a harmonic force with a frequency of 5 Hz and an amplitude of 10 kn/m, resulting in a total maximum force of 80 kn over the surface of the 8 meter wide concrete foundation. Click the Import button in the Distributed Force vs Time dialog and select the import file "Tutorial 35 machine_load.txt". This will import the desired harmonic load. Click OK to save the force function and to close the Force vs. time dialog and click OK once more to close the Dynamic Loads dialog. The machine load has been defined, now it must be added to the model. 1. Select Add Dynamic Load from the Dynamic menu. This will open the Add Dynamic Load dialog. 2. Select Machine Load (Distributed Force) from the Load Function dropdown box and click the OK button. 3. Zoom in to the foundation and select the top line edge.
11 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Rightclick and select Done Selection The distributed machine load has now been added to the top surface of the concrete foundation. NOTE: dynamic loads are only visible when a dynamic stage is being viewed and the Dynamic tab is selected. Dynamic Boundaries RS2 provides a number of dynamic boundary conditions and elements that are utilized only in dynamic analysis. For this model absorbing boundaries will be applied on the lateral and bottom external boundaries of the model in order to absorb incoming shear and pressure waves travelling in the soil. 1. Select Set Dynamic Boundary Conditions from the Dynamic menu or from the Dynamic toolbar. 2. Make sure that the BC Type is set to Absorb. 3. Use the mouse to select the three line segments that comprise the lateral and bottom boundaries of the model. Note that absorbing boundaries may only be applied to line segments. 4. Rightclick and select Done Selection. Close the dialog.
12 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation The dynamic boundaries are now correctly applied. These boundaries are only visible when a dynamic stage is being viewed and the Dynamic tab is selected (in this case stages 2 to 5). Time Query Line A number of time steps will occur between the defined stages and RS2 will not output data for all the nodes for these time steps. The modeler does allow the user to specify points in the mesh, Time Queries, where the dynamic data will be recorded for all dynamic time steps occurring in the simulation. In addition to this, a Time Query Line may be added by the user to obtain graphs that provide visual representation of the motion of points on a line over time. Select Add Time Query Line from the Dynamic toolbar or from the Dynamic menu in Time Query section. The Specify Query Locations dialog will appear asking how many evenly spaced points should be placed on the query line. Specify 7 query points. Select OK. Clicking anywhere will place a vertex that the query line will contain, or the exact coordinates may be typed in. Add a time query line with the following endpoints: (72, 0), and (72,70).
13 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Compute Run the model using the Compute option in the Analysis menu. The analysis should take a number of minutes to run depending on the specifications of the computer the analysis is being performed on. Once the model has finished computing (Compute dialog closes), select the Interpret option in the Analysis menu to view the results. Interpret After you select the Interpret option, the Interpret program starts and reads the results of the analysis. The model is producing only values of zero for this stage because there is no external force, field stress or gravity applied at stage 1. Note that the end time of the dynamic stages are displayed in parenthesis next to the stage name in the tabs along the bottom of the screen. Cycling through the tabs allows one to get an idea of the stresses that are changing over time during the dynamic loading event. TIP: you can also change the viewing stage by selecting the Page Up / Page Down keys, or by placing the mouse cursor over the stage tabs and rotating the mouse wheel. To obtain a contour that provides an understanding of how the waves propagate from the foundation proceed with the following steps. 1. Switch to the second stage labeled Intermediate Use the combobox in the toolbar to select the Horizontal Displacement dataset from the Solid Displacement data option. 3. Select Display Options in the View menu. Choose the Boundaries tab.
14 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Deselect the Material boundary option in order to prevent it from being displayed. 5. Select Done to save and exit the dialog. 6. Select Contour Options in the View menu. In the Contour Range section select the AutoRange (all stages) option so that all the stages are using the same data range allowing them to be compared. 7. Select Done to save and exit the dialog. From the contour map that should be displayed, the shear wave that descends from the foundation down towards the bottom boundary is easily observed. The travelling wave is apparent from the alternating blue (cold) and green (warm) zones which represent negative and positive horizontal displacement respectively. This motion is the expected soil behavior from a foundation with lateral machine loading acting on it. Toggling through the Intermediate stages one can observe the progression of the shear wave as it travels down and the formation of a new negative displacement zone at the surface as the foundation translates left. In RS2 there are other ways to visualize this shear wave propagation. Using the Time Query Line that was added in the modeler a visual comparison of the horizontal displacement of each of the query points can be made. The generated graph allows one to observe the amplitude reduction of the wave and the time spent traveling between the query points, which can be used as an indication of shear velocity of the soil. 1. RightClick on the Time Query Line and select Graph Time Query Line Data. The Graph Time Query Data Dialog will be open.
15 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Select all the dynamic stages, stages two through five. In the Vertical Axis option ensure that X displacement is selected. Select the Plot button. The time query line data is now plotted on a graph. 3. Under the Chart menu, deselect Show Point Markers and select the Show Peak Values option. From the generated graph it is apparent that the amplitude greatly reduces from the motion at the surface to that at the bottom boundary. Comparing the time the peak values occur it is apparent that the wave takes about 0.12 s to travel from one query point to the next. The top and bottom boundaries are exceptions since they are near the surface boundary and bottom absorbing boundary.
16 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Another graph that would be useful is that of the deformation of the soil column in the center. To obtain that shape in a graph a vertical material query line will be added at the center of the model. 1. Select Add Material Query in the Query menu. 2. Enter the starting vertex of (70, 0) and another at (70, 70) and rightclick and select Done. 3. The Specify Query Locations will open and in the first entry specify 100 locations. Turn off the Show queried values checkbox. 4. Press OK. Ensure that the Horizontal Displacement dataset is selected from the Solid Displacement data option. You should see the following screen in the Interpret program. To obtain the plot of the vertical soil profile the following steps need to be executed. 1. Rightclick on the material query polyline (not the Time Query line) and select Graph Data.
17 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Select only the intermediate dynamic stages to plot on the graph and click the Plot button. 3. The graph is generated. Select Swap Horizontal and Vertical Axes from Axes submenu in the Chart menu. Swapping the axes will ensure that the horizontal displacement is on the horizontal axis. From this curve a clear decaying sinusoidal curve centered about 0 displacement is apparent. This wave is the shear wave that causes horizontal movement but travels vertically in the soil model. From the three stages displayed here the creation of a new peak in the shear wave is evident close to the soil surface. This peak begins to propagate vertically immediately. Additional The interface between the foundation and soil system can be made not rigid in order to add some realism to the system. To do this the properties of the joint that was created in the tutorial will be altered. 1. Select Define Joint Properties from the Properties menu. 2. Change the shear stiffness to be kpa/m and the normal stiffness to kpa/m. Ensure the slip criterion remains on the None option. Allowing slip in the system would allow the foundation and soil to become unattached and may cause the model to produce erroneous results.
18 Dynamic Analysis of Machine Foundation Computing this new model and obtaining the plot from the same time query line as in the previous section, one will observe that the displacements have increased. Where the peak displacement of the surface for the rigid joint model was mm, the model with the elastic joint has a surface displacement of mm. The peaks still occur at the same times indicating that the shear wave velocity is unchanged in the soil, as would be expected since the soil's properties were unaltered. This concludes the tutorial, you may now exit the RS2 Interpret and Model programs.
Finite Element Groundwater Seepage
Finite Element Groundwater Seepage 71 Finite Element Groundwater Seepage Phase2 has the capability to carry out a finite element groundwater seepage analysis, for saturated / unsaturated, steady state
More informationEmbankment Consolidation
Embankment Consolidation 361 Embankment Consolidation In this tutorial, RS2 is used for a coupled analysis of a road embankment subject to loading from typical daily traffic. Model Start the RS2 9.0 Model
More informationAnchored Sheet Pile Wall Tutorial
Anchored Sheet Pile Wall Tutorial 231 Anchored Sheet Pile Wall Tutorial In this tutorial, RS2 is used to simulate the construction of an excavation supported by a sheet pile wall anchored with grouted
More informationLevee with Toe Drain. Topics Covered. Seepage analysis Levee drainage Multiple materials Phreatic surface Groundwater only calculation Flownets
Levee with Toe Drain 151 Levee with Toe Drain In this tutorial, finite element groundwater seepage analysis is used to simulate a levee with a horizontal toe drain. Toe drains are often used to prevent
More informationApplying a circular load. Immediate and consolidation settlement. Deformed contours. Query points and query lines. Graph query.
Quick Start Tutorial 11 Quick Start Tutorial This quick start tutorial will cover some of the basic features of Settle3D. A circular load is applied to a single soil layer and settlements are examined.
More informationGroundwater Analysis Overview
Finite Element Groundwater Seepage (Overview) 71 Groundwater Analysis Overview Introduction Within the Slide program, Slide has the capability to carry out a finite element groundwater seepage analysis
More informationAxisymmetry Tutorial. A few representations of simple axisymmetric models are shown below. Axisymmetry Tutorial 61 0, 18 28, MPa 0, 12.
Axisymmetry Tutorial 61 Axisymmetry Tutorial 0, 18 28, 18 0, 12 10 MPa 10 MPa 0, 6 0, 0 4, 0 x = 0 (axis of symmetry) userdefined external boundary 4, 24 12, 24 20, 24 28, 24 This tutorial will illustrate
More informationTrench Tutorial. 1. Bring soil layers to equilibrium. 2. Install a pile on the high side of the trench
Trench Tutorial 171 Trench Tutorial In this tutorial, Phase2 is used to simulate the excavation of a trench into a sloped embankment. The trench is supported by soldier piles and struts. The model is
More informationMaterials & Loading Tutorial
Materials & Loading Tutorial 21 Materials & Loading Tutorial This tutorial will demonstrate how to model a more complex multimaterial slope, with both pore water pressure and an external load. MODEL FEATURES:
More informationFinite Element Analysis (FEA) Tutorial. Project 2: 2D Plate with a Hole Problem
Finite Element Analysis (FEA) Tutorial Project 2: 2D Plate with a Hole Problem Problem Analyze the following plate with hole using FEA tool ABAQUS P w d P Dimensions: t = 3 mm w = 50 mm d = mm L = 0 mm
More informationSlope Angle Optimization
Slope Angle Optimization 301 Slope Angle Optimization In this tutorial, RS2 is used to examine the stability of an open pit mine. The Change Slope Angle editing option is used to help optimize the open
More informationLearning Module 9 Drop Test
Learning Module 9 Drop Test What is a Learning Module? Title Page Guide A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and selfsufficient learning resource. An LM provides the learner with the required
More informationUsing Charts in Excel 2003
Using Charts in Excel 2003 What is a Chart? A chart is a graphic representation of worksheet data. Presenting information in the form of a chart is often one of the best ways to analyze data as well as
More informationAbaqus Beam Tutorial Problem Description
Abaqus Beam Tutorial Problem Description The two dimensional bridge structure, which consists of steel T sections, is simply supported at its lower corners. A uniform distributed load of 1000 N/m is applied
More information2. A tutorial: Creating and analyzing a simple model
2. A tutorial: Creating and analyzing a simple model The following section leads you through the ABAQUS/CAE modeling process by visiting each of the modules and showing you the basic steps to create and
More informationSlope Design with Eurocode 7
Slope Design with Eurocode 7 211 Slope Design with Eurocode 7 Eurocode 7 is a design document that establishes rules and standards for geotechnical engineering design across Europe (BSI, 2004). Eurocode
More informationStart the program from the Desktop Icon or from Start, Programs Menu.
5. SHELL MODEL Start Start the program from the Desktop Icon or from Start, Programs Menu. New Create a new model with the New Icon. In the dialogue window that pops up, replace the Model Filename with
More informationAbaqus/CAE Truss Tutorial
Abaqus/CAE Truss Tutorial Problem Description: Solve for displacements of the free node and the reaction forces of the truss structure shown in the figure. This is the sample problem from the lecture note
More informationTYPE EDIT V12. Tutorial 02. Geometric figure COPYRIGHT 2014 GRAVOTECH MARKING SAS ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
TYPE EDIT V12 Geometric figure COPYRIGHT 2014 GRAVOTECH MARKING SAS ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Geometric figure Creation Time : 45 minutes Level : Intermediate Module : TypeEdit  1  Specifications  2  Objectives
More informationAnsoft High Frequency Structure Simulator. Tutorial. The Dipole Antenna
Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator Tutorial The Dipole Antenna April 2004 Introduction In this tutorial, a dipole antenna will be constructed and analyzed using the HFSS simulation software by Ansoft.
More informationUsing DataQuest on a Handheld
Using DataQuest on a Handheld Appendix B This appendix gives an overview of using the Vernier DataQuest application on a TINspire handheld. It includes information on accessing the common tools in the
More informationNumber of Edges on Excavated Boundaries : What does it mean?
As with all of Rocscience software, RS 3 is developed to be an easytouse, quicktolearn 3D FEM software that takes care of tedious modeling tasks so the user may concentrate on simulating the geomechanical
More informationADAMS Assignment 4. ME451:Kinematics and Dynamics of Machine Systems (Fall 2013) Assigned: October 16, 2013 Due: October 23, 2013
ADAMS Assignment 4 ME451:Kinematics and Dynamics of Machine Systems (Fall 2013) Assigned: October 16, 2013 Due: October 23, 2013 Turning in Your Assignment Create a single PDF file, named lastname_adams_04.pdf
More informationChapter 6: Modal Analysis of a Cantilevered Tapered Beam
Application of the Finite Element Method Using MARC and Mentat 61 Chapter 6: Modal Analysis of a Cantilevered Tapered Beam Keywords: elastic beam, 2D elasticity, plane stress, convergence, modal analysis
More informationv Introduction to WMS Become familiar with the WMS interface WMS Tutorials Time minutes Prerequisite Tutorials None
s v. 10.1 WMS 10.1 Tutorial Become familiar with the WMS interface Objectives Import files into WMS and change modules and display options to become familiar with the WMS interface. Prerequisite Tutorials
More informationCantilever Beam Bending Analysis
Type of Solver: ABAQUS CAE/Standard Cantilever Beam Bending Analysis TLP: Bending and Torsion of Beams http://www.doitpoms.ac.uk/tlplib/beam_bending/index.php Continuum Mechanics Beam Bending Problem
More informationModule 1.5W: Bending Moment Loading of a 2D Cantilever Beam
Module 1.5W: Bending Moment Loading of a 2D Cantilever Beam Table of Contents Page Number Problem Description 1 Theory 2 Workbench Analysis System 3 Engineering Data 4 Geometry 5 Model 10 Setup 13 Solution
More informationCreating Graphs with Excel 2007
1 Creating Graphs with Excel 2007 These instructions are for a Windows platform. All mouse operations will be made with the left button, unless otherwise stated. Do not change any Default settings, unless
More informationGraphing for Math 121/122
Graphing for Math 121/122 This document is designed to show key features for creating good graphs in Excel 2010. We illustrate this with an example from beetle population data, which has a line, a quadratic
More informationStarCCM+ Pipe Flow Tutorial
2/1/12 5:54:46 PM StarCCM+ Pipe Flow Tutorial page: 1 I. Plan the Analysis A. Physical Model D V L 1. Laminar flow of air 2. Dimensions: D = 3 cm, L =? 3. Boundary conditions (a) Choose inlet velocity
More informationAbaqus Plane Stress Tutorial
Abaqus Plane Stress Tutorial Problem Description The steel bracket is fixed to a wall along its left side. A tensile pressure force with a total magnitude of 5000 N is applied to the right side of the
More informationChapter 4: Tapered Beam
Application of the Finite Element Method Using MARC and Mentat 41 Chapter 4: Tapered Beam Keywords: elastic beam, 2D elasticity, plane stress, convergence, deformed geometry Modeling Procedures: ruled
More informationThis activity will show you how to draw graphs of algebraic functions in Excel.
This activity will show you how to draw graphs of algebraic functions in Excel. Open a new Excel workbook. This is Excel in Office 2007. You may not have used this version before but it is very much the
More information10 Space Truss and Space Frame Analysis
10 Space Truss and Space Frame Analysis 10.1 Introduction One dimensional models can be very accurate and very cost effective in the proper applications. For example, a hollow tube may require many thousands
More informationRISA3D. Rapid Interactive Structural Analysis 3 Dimensional. Masonry Wall Panel Feature: Introduction and Tutorial
RISA3D Rapid Interactive Structural Analysis 3 Dimensional Masonry Wall Panel Feature: Introduction and Tutorial 26632 Towne Centre Dr., Suite 210, Foothill Ranch, CA 92610 800.332.RISA Table of Contents
More informationMODFLOWUSG Tutorial. Visual MODFLOW Flex. Integrated Conceptual & Numerical Groundwater Modeling
MODFLOWUSG Tutorial Visual MODFLOW Flex Integrated Conceptual & Numerical Groundwater Modeling MODFLOWUSG Tutorial The following example is a walk through of creating a MODFLOWUSG groundwater flow.
More informationFrame Analysis Using Multiframe
Frame Analysis Using Multiframe 1. The software is on the computers in the College of Architecture in Programs under the Windows Start menu (see https://wikis.arch.tamu.edu/display/helpdesk/computer+accounts
More informationABAQUS for CATIA V5 Tutorials
ABAQUS for CATIA V5 Tutorials AFC V2 Nader G. Zamani University of Windsor Shuvra Das University of Detroit Mercy SDC PUBLICATIONS Schroff Development Corporation www.schroff.com www.schroffeurope.com
More informationMicrosoft Office Excel Create column and pie charts in Excel. Create a chart using the Chart Wizard. Tutorial 4 Working With Charts and Graphics
Microsoft Office Excel 2003 Tutorial 4 Working With Charts and Graphics 1 Create column and pie charts in Excel Charts, or graphs, provide visual representations of the workbook data. A chart may be embedded
More informationWorking with Visio Text
Working with Visio Text Text Boxes Adding Text to a Drawing Select Text Tool from the standard toolbar. Click and drag a box on the page where you want the text to go. Type the text. Click on the Pointer
More information15 Thermal Stress Analysis
15 Thermal Stress Analysis Non uniform temperature distributions in a component cause deflections and stresses in the part. Such thermal loads are difficult to visualize and usually need to be determined
More informationRiverFlow2D TwoDimensional River Dynamics Model
RiverFlow2D TwoDimensional River Dynamics Model FMA WORKSHOP TUTORIALS September 2015 Hydronia LLC RiverFlow2D c model and documentation produced by Hydronia, LLC, Pembroke Pines, FL. USA. Information
More information2. Define coverages and map them to a 2D mesh. 4. Interpolate elevations from scatter points to the tins. 5. Build a 3D mesh from the tin horizons.
GMS TUTORIALS FEMWATER is a threedimensional finite element ground water model. It can be used to simulate flow and transport in both the saturated and the unsaturated zone. Furthermore, the flow and
More informationThe objective of this document is to get new users up and running with the program via a set of stepbystep example electrostatics problems.
FEMM 4.2 Electrostatics Tutorial 1 David Meeker dmeeker@ieee.org January 25, 2006 1. Introduction Finite Element Method Magnetics (FEMM) is a finite element package for solving 2D planar and axisymmetric
More informationPLAXIS Version 8 Dynamics Manual
PLAXIS Version 8 Dynamics Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Introduction...11 1.1 About this manual...11 1.2 Dynamic loading features of version 8...12 2 Tutorial...21 2.1 Dynamic analysis of a generator
More informationAbaqus CAE (ver. 6.12) Impact tutorial
Abaqus CAE (ver. 6.12) Impact tutorial Problem Description An aluminum part is dropped onto a rigid surface. The objective is to investigate the stress and deformations during the impact. 2013 Hormoz Zareh
More informationIntroduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2012 SolidWorks Simulation Tutorial Page 1
Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2012 SolidWorks Simulation Tutorial Page 1 In this tutorial, we will use the SolidWorks Simulation finite element analysis (FEA) program to analyze the response
More informationSteady Flow: Laminar and Turbulent in an SBend
STARCCM+ User Guide 6663 Steady Flow: Laminar and Turbulent in an SBend This tutorial demonstrates the flow of an incompressible gas through an sbend of constant diameter (2 cm), for both laminar and
More informationMultiPhase Flow Tutorials
STARCCM+ User Guide 3987 MultiPhase Flow Tutorials The tutorials in this set illustrate various STARCCM+ facilities for simulating multiphase fluid flow problems. These comprise: A gravitydriven freesurface
More informationDMU Space Analysis. Preface What's New Getting Started Basic Tasks Workbench Description Customizing Glossary Index
DMU Space Analysis Preface What's New Getting Started Basic Tasks Workbench Description Customizing Glossary Index Dassault Systèmes 199499. All rights reserved. Preface DMU Space Analysis is a CADindependent
More informationExercise 1a: Stress and displacement analysis in a simply supported beam.
Exercise 1a: Stress and displacement analysis in a simply supported beam. In this exercise, a structural analysis is performed on a simple supported beam. The structural model with loads and constraints
More information1. Start the NX CAD software. From the start menu, select Start All Programs UGS NX 8.0 NX 8.0 or double click the icon on the desktop.
Lab Objectives Become familiar with Siemens NX finite element analysis using the NX Nastran solver. Perform deflection and stress analyses of planar truss structures. Use modeling and FEA tools to input
More informationLearning Module 6 Linear Dynamic Analysis
Learning Module 6 Linear Dynamic Analysis What is a Learning Module? Title Page Guide A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and selfsufficient learning resource. An LM provides the learner
More informationLesson 1 Getting Started... 1 NX Prereqs/Technical Skills... 1 Expectations... 1 Objectives/Measurables... 1 Lecture Topics...
NX 9.0 Lesson 1 Getting Started Prereqs/Technical Skills Basic computer use Expectations Read lesson material Implement steps in software while reading through lesson material Complete quiz on Blackboard
More informationIntroduction Getting Started Creating markers and calibrating the camera Improving the Calibration Measuring tools 17
Introduction 2 About Autodesk ImageModeler 2 Goal of this tutorial 2 Taking photographs 2 1. Getting Started 3 The Autodesk ImageModeler 2009 interface 3 Loading your shots 5 2. Creating markers and calibrating
More informationMODFLOWUSG Tutorial. Visual MODFLOW Flex. Integrated Conceptual & Numerical Groundwater Modeling
MODFLOWUSG Tutorial Visual MODFLOW Flex Integrated Conceptual & Numerical Groundwater Modeling MODFLOWUSG Tutorial The following example is a walk through of creating a MODFLOWUSG groundwater flow.
More information6.4 Example: cargo crane
1 von 17 17.12010 15:11 6.4 Example: cargo crane A lightservice, cargo crane is shown in Figure 6 10. You have been asked to determine the static deflections of the crane when it carries a load of 10
More informationOpening Excel: Start >> Programs >> Microsoft Office >> Microsoft Office Excel 2003
Microsoft Excel Basics Opening Excel: Start >> Programs >> Microsoft Office >> Microsoft Office Excel 2003 Microsoft Excel will automatically open with a blank spreadsheet spanning many columns and rows.
More informationAlibre Design Modeling Fundamentals
Alibre Design Modeling Fundamentals Introduction Alibre Design is a parametric solid modeling system. Parametric solid modeling involves the application of dimensions and other parameters to define a 2D
More informationLogger Pro Tutorials. Lower Columbia College
Logger Pro Tutorials Lower Columbia College Logger Pro Tutorials Version 2.0 COPYRIGHT 2000 Tufts University and Vernier Software & Technology ISBN 0918731925 (Windows) ISBN 0918731917 (Macintosh)
More informationUsing SolidWorks for Finite Element Analysis in 12 Easy Steps
Using SolidWorks for Finite Element Analysis in 12 Easy Steps 1. Before starting the FEA of the structure, do some hand calculations to determine approximately what results (stresses or deflections) you
More informationChapter 3 SLOPE/W Tutorial
Chapter 3 SLOPE/W Tutorial An Example Problem This chapter introduces you to SLOPE/W by presenting the stepbystep procedures involved in analyzing a simple slope stability problem. By executing each
More informationLecture 7 Static Structural Analysis
Lecture 7 Static Structural Analysis 16.0 Release Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical 1 2015 ANSYS, Inc. February 27, 2015 Chapter Overview In this chapter, performing linear static structural analyses in
More informationHow to Make Graphs with Excel 2000
Appendix A How to Make Graphs with Excel 2000 A.1 Introduction This is a quickanddirty tutorial to teach you the basics of graph creation and formatting in Microsoft Excel. Many of the tasks that you
More informationABAQUS/CAE Tutorial: Analysis of an Aluminum Bracket
ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial: Analysis of an Aluminum Bracket By Hyonny Kim Last updated July 2010 In this tutorial, you ll learn how to: 1. Sketch 2D geometry & define part. 2. Define material properties. 3. Apply
More informationME 24688 Week 11 Introduction to Dynamic Simulation
The purpose of this introduction to dynamic simulation project is to explorer the dynamic simulation environment of Autodesk Inventor Professional. This environment allows you to perform rigid body dynamic
More informationFBMULTIPIER Example Problem 112
FBMULTIPIER Example Problem 112 January 2016 Jae H. Chung, Ph.D. Anand Patil, P.E. Michael Davidson, Ph.D., P.E. 31 FBMULTIPIER EXAMPLE PROBLEMS The following examples were developed to acquaint the
More informationAPPENDIX D: MATLAB S GUI TOOLS TUTORIAL
APPENDIX D: MATLAB S GUI TOOLS TUTORIAL D.1 INTRODUCTION Readers who are studying MATLAB may want to explore the convenience of MATLAB s LTI Viewer, the Simulink LTI Viewer, and the SISO Design Tool. SISO
More informationUsing Tables to Post Process Results
Using Tables to Post Process Results Introduction This tutorial was created using ANSYS 7.0 The purpose of this tutorial is to outline the steps required to plot Vertical Deflection vs. Length of the following
More informationLearning Module 1 Thermal Analysis
Learning Module 1 Thermal Analysis Title Page Guide What is a Learning Module? A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and selfsufficient learning resource. An LM provides the learner with the
More informationA SHORT INTRODUCTION TO ADAMS
A. AHADI, P. LIDSTRÖM, K. NILSSON A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO ADAMS FOR MECHANICAL ENGINEERS DIVISION OF MECHANICS DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING LUND INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 2016 1 FOREWORD THESE EXERCISES
More informationInformation Systems Center. Creating Charts in Excel 2010 Reference Guide
Information Systems Center Creating Charts in Excel 2010 Reference Guide Table of Contents Chart Types... 1 Column Charts... 1 Clustered Colum Chart... 1 Stacked Column Chart... 1 Bar Charts... 2 Pie Charts...
More informationGraphing in Excel (Scatter Plot)
Graphing in Excel (Scatter Plot) Introduction This is a short, stepbystep tutorial on how to make a scatter plot in Excel. Readers are expected to know basic graphing skills but no Excel experience is
More informationUsing Projection Grading and Feature Lines Effectively in AutoCAD Civil 3D 2008
Using Projection Grading and Feature Lines Effectively in AutoCAD Civil 3D 2008 This Skill Builder demonstrates how to use a combination of the grading tools available in AutoCAD Civil 3D 2008 to grade
More informationLesson 4: Creating Charts
Lesson 4: Creating Charts Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page In Microsoft Excel, you can represent numbers in a chart. On the Insert tab, you can choose from a variety of chart types, including
More informationComposite Surfaces Tutorial
Composite Surfaces Tutorial 41 Composite Surfaces Tutorial This tutorial will use the same model as the Materials & Loading Tutorial (with some modifications), to demonstrate how to perform a circular
More informationKIN 147 Lab 02: Static and Dynamic Acceleration Data Analysis Excel analyses work much better on PCs than on Macs (especially older Macs)
KIN 147 Lab 02: Static and Dynamic Acceleration Data Analysis Excel analyses work much better on PCs than on Macs (especially older Macs) Your goal is to correctly analyze accelerometer data Analyzing
More informationNCSS Statistical Software
Chapter 141 Introduction Bar charts are used to visually compare values to each other. This chapter gives a brief overview and examples of simple bar charts and twofactor bar charts. The orientation of
More informationc Fluent Inc. November 27,
Tutorial 15. Using the VOF Model Introduction: This tutorial illustrates the setup and solution of the twodimensional turbulent fluid flow in a partially filled spinning bowl. In this tutorial you will
More information4 Mesh Control in SW Simulation
4 Mesh Control in SW Simulation 4.1 Introduction You must plan ahead when building a solid model so that it can be used for realistic finite element load and/or restraint analysis cases. You often do that
More informationExperiment 2: Introduction to Labview 8.0 (tbc 1/7/2007, 1/13/2009)
Experiment 2: Introduction to Labview 8.0 (tbc 1/7/2007, 1/13/2009) Objective: To learn how to build virtual instrument panels in Labview 8.0 Tasks: 1. Build the Labview VI shown in the tutorial given
More informationTutorial 4  Vertex Variation
Tutorial 41 Tutorial 4  Vertex Variation In Rocfall, standard deviations can be applied to the coordinates of any or all slope vertices. This allows the user to account for uncertainty in measurements,
More informationSimulation of Turbulent Flow over the Ahmed Body
1 Simulation of Turbulent Flow over the Ahmed Body 58:160 Intermediate Mechanics of Fluids CFD LAB 4 By Timur Dogan, Michael Conger, Maysam Mousaviraad, Tao Xing and Fred Stern IIHRHydroscience & Engineering
More informationCreating Charts in Excel. Creating a Simple Pie Chart. Open the Sample Data file and select the Sample Data Tables tab to view that worksheet.
Creating Charts in Excel Creating a Simple Pie Chart In this tutorial, we will use existing tables from which to build a pie chart showing a school s performance on each goal of the math EOG. Open the
More informationLinear and Nonlinear Analysis of a Cantilever Beam
LESSON 1 Linear and Nonlinear Analysis of a Cantilever Beam P L Objectives: Small vs. large displacement analysis. Linear elastic theory. PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook 11 12 PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook
More informationCAD Tutorial. Chapter 9: CAD Detail Windows. In this tutorial you ll learn about:
Chapter 9: CAD Tutorial In this tutorial you ll learn about: CAD Detail Windows Exploding and Modifying a CAD Block Creating a New CAD Block CAD Detail from View Creating a Plot Plan This tutorial continues
More informationTUTORIAL FOR RISA EDUCATIONAL
1. INTRODUCTION TUTORIAL FOR RISA EDUCATIONAL C.M. Uang and K.M. Leet The educational version of the software RISA2D, developed by RISA Technologies for the textbook Fundamentals of Structural Analysis,
More informationAnalysis Tools in Geochemistry for ArcGIS
Analysis Tools in Geochemistry for ArcGIS The database that is used to store all of the geographic information in Geochemistry for ArcGIS is Esri s file Geodatabase (fgdb). This is a collection of tables
More informationArcade tutorial 1: Complex Pendulum Kirk Martini 2005 8 June 2005 University of Virginia
Arcade Tutorial 1: Complex Pendulum The following tutorial demonstrates basic model building and simulation in Arcade, including Adding nodes. Using elastic truss elements. Using supports. Modifying physical
More informationTutorial for Tracker and Supporting Software By David Chandler
Tutorial for Tracker and Supporting Software By David Chandler I use a number of free, open source programs to do video analysis. 1. Avidemux, to exerpt the video clip, read the video properties, and save
More informationFigure 1.1 Sample Computer graph using Excel 2013
Creating a chart with Microsoft Excel 2013 (Biology) After you complete all the instructions in this handout you should be able to: 1. Create a graph using the new Excel 2013 version. 2. Understand the
More informationThis tutorial assumes that Visual3D has been installed and that a model has been created as described in Tutorial #1.
CMotion Online Documentation Visual3D : Tutorial : Data Visualization Objectives (# 1318) This tutorial assumes that Visual3D has been installed and that a model has been created as described in Tutorial
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2007: A Howto Guide
Microsoft Excel 2007: A Howto Guide Prepared by Erica Hughes Illinois criminal Justice Information Authority Important information Before creating a chart, data must be entered manually into Excel. Numeric
More informationCopyrighted Material. Copyrighted. Material. Copyrighted. Copyrighted. Material
ANSYS Wor kbenc h Sof t war e RELEASE 11 I NSI DE: Fer eydoondadkhah J ackzecher,p. E. I ndi anauni v.pur dueuni v. I ndi anapol i s Del phiel ect r oni cs& Saf et y Sc hr of fdev el opmentcor por at
More informationintroduction Objective step 1  conveyor Tutorials robotic workcell
Tutorials robotic workcell robot workcell /30 Related files RobotWorkcellGeometries.zip SetupRobotWizard_311.exe RobotWorkcellComponents.vcp Description These are the files and installation packages that
More informationHow to Make a Line Graph with Phase Lines in Excel 2003 & XP
How to Make a Line Graph with Phase Lines in Excel 2003 & XP Performance Aid Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide you with instructions to reference as you create a line graph in Excel 2003
More informationUsing DeltaGraph on the Macintosh
Using DeltaGraph on the Macintosh To Run DeltaGraph: Using the Finder:Select Find... from the File menu at the top of the screen. Type in DeltaGraph, press the Return key. Locate the DeltaGraph application
More informationABAQUS Tutorial. 3D Modeling
Spring 2011 01/21/11 ABAQUS Tutorial 3D Modeling This exercise intends to demonstrate the steps you would follow in creating and analyzing a simple solid model using ABAQUS CAE. Introduction A solid undergoes
More informationSecondary Sketches and Reference Geometry
Chapter Secondary Sketches and Reference Geometry 5 Objectives After completing this chapter, you will be able to: Explain how to create secondary sketches. Explain and use the start condition and end
More information