5. How did the problems facing Europe in the postwar years lead to the rise of totalitarian leaders?

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1 Study Guide: Chapter 23: World War II Erupts. Name: Period: Section 1 : The Rise of Dictators. 1. What did Jesse Owens prove to the German people? 2. How did the treaty ofversailles affect Europe after World War I? 3. Why were the Italians unhappy? 4. How does inflation create economic problems? 5. How did the problems facing Europe in the postwar years lead to the rise of totalitarian leaders? 6. Discuss three things that Mussolini and Hitler had in common. 7. What was the main idea in Mein Kampf? 8. What other countries had powerful and nationalistic regimes prior to WW II? 9. What was the major difference between the totalitarian regimes of the Soviet Union and those in Italy and Germany?

2 10. What events exemplify the growing use of military force by totalitarian regimes in the 1930s? 11. Why didn't the League of Nations take action when Japan took control of Manchuria and Italy invaded Ethiopia? 12. How did Hitler justify rebuilding Germany's military? 13. Why do you think the British and French were so eager to avoid war that they allowed Hitler to violate the Treaty of Versailles and international law? 14. Neville Chamberlain is primarily remembered in history for Section 2: Europe Erupts in War. 1. Why did the German-Soviet Pact shock Europe? 2. Do you think Stalin's pact with Germany provided better security for the Soviet Union? 3. Outline Hitler's actions in 1939 which led to war. 4. Why did Spain remain neutral?

3 5. What was Hitler's experience when he turned his forces to the West in 1940? 6. Why was the U.S. concerned about the Japanese takeover of French Indochina? 7. How did rising tension between the United States and Japan affect politics in Japan? Section 3: The United States Enters the War. 1. Why was Lindbergh speaking for isolationism? 2. What foreign policy matter did President Roosevelt address while he was focusing on his New Deal programs? 3. How did Roosevelt balance American isolationism with the need to intervene in the war? 4. What did the United States do to prepare for war in 1940 and 1941? 5. Why did the conflict between Roosevelt and the isolationists grow as the U.S. prepared for the coming war? 6. What were the causes and effects of the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor?

4 Section 4: Mobilizing for War. 1. How did the U.S. armed forces mobilize to fight WW II? 2. How did military bases help transform the southern United States? 3. What roles did American industry and science play in mobilizing to fight WW II? 4. How did mobilization challenge the nation's ideals of :freedom? 5. What was the Bracero Program? 6. Why would Roosevelt's executive order outlawing discrimination in government or defense jobs affect sleeping car porters?

5 Study Guide: Chapter 24: The United States in WW II. Section 1: The War in Europe and North Africa. 1. What is a convoy? 2. How did America's entry into the war help turn the tide in the Battle of the Atlantic? 3. Why was breaking the Enigma code important? 4. Why was Stalingrad an important target for the Germans? 5. How did the Russian winter help save the Soviet Union from falling to the Germans? 6. Why was Erwin Rommel sent to North Africa? 7. Why did the Italians and Germans want to drive the British out ofnorth Africa? 8. What did American forces experience in North Africa and Italy? 9. What were the events and significance of the Allies' D-Day invasion of France? 10. Why were the Germans so slow to respond to the invasion of Normandy?

6 11. Which do you think was more important to Allied victory in Europe, the victory on D-Day or at the Battle of the Bulge? 12. Why did the planning ford-day take so long? Section 2: The Holocaust. 1. What was the history ofnazi anti-semitism? 2. Why was it difficult for Jews to leave Germany? 3. What was the Final Solution? 4. What is a ghetto? 5. How did the United States respond to the Holocaust? 6. How did Americans first get proof of Hitler's Final Solution? 7. What were the Nuremberg Trials?

7 Section 3: The War in the Pacific. 1. Why did Allies experience a slow start in the Pacific? 2. What territories was Japan able to conquer early in WW II? 3. In what ways did the attack on Pearl Harbor backfire? 4. How did the Allies bring about a shift in their fortunes in the Pacific? 5. What were the long-range effects ofthe U.S. air attacks on Tokyo and other Japanese cities? 6. How did the Japanese plan to destroy what remained of the American fleet? 7. How important was breaking Japanese codes to the overall success of Allied forces? 8. What were the major events that marked Allied progress in the late stages of the Pacific War? 9. Why were the Solomon Islands important to both Japan and the United States?

8 10. Who were the code talkers and what was their value? 11. What was significant about the Battle of Iwo Jima? Section 4: The Home Front. 1. What sacrifices and struggles did Americans at home experience? 2. What kinds of materials were collected in scrap drives? 3. What were Roosevelt's 'four freedoms'? 4. What was the Office of War Information? 5. What part did the Hollywood film industry play in the war effort? 6. Why did the Jehovah's Witnesses challenge a law requiring students to salute the American flag? 7. What did Executive Order 9066 do?

9 8. Why not German and Italian Americans? 9. How did WW II help expand the role of the government in the lives of the American people? 10. What was the connection between the War Production Board and the fashion industry? 11. What was the ruling in the Korematsu case? Section 5: World War II Ends. 1. What plans were made at the Yalta Conference for Germany and Eastern Europe? 2. Do you believe that the U.S. was justified in dropping the atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima? 3. What challenges faced the United States after victory? 4. What was the UN meant to accomplish? 5. How do you think the experience of WW I affected the decisions made at the end of WWII?

Use this guide to help check your students Reading Notes answers and to help them construct their timelines.

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