Classical Conditioning. Operant Conditioning. Observational Learning

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Classical Conditioning. Operant Conditioning. Observational Learning"

Transcription

1 Classical of

2 Adaptation to the Environment any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual s behavior at a future time

3 Adaptation to the Environment the process of learning the associations between environmental events and behavioral responses

4 Processes Classical conditioning Behaviorism conditioning Social learning/modeling

5 Pavlov s Classical Classical of

6 Classical Ivan Pavlov Terminology Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) Conditioned Response (CR)

7 Unconditioned Stimulus eg. Food Always elicits a reflex action: an unconditioned response food blast of air noise

8 Unconditioned Response eg. Salivation A response to an unconditioned stimulus naturally occurring Salivation at smell of food Eye blinks at blast of air Startle reaction in babies

9 Conditioned Stimulus eg. Bell The stimulus that was originally neutral becomes conditioned after it has been paired with the unconditioned stimulus Will eventually elicit the unconditioned response by itself

10 Conditioned Response The original unconditioned response becomes conditioned after it has been elicited by the neutral stimulus

11 Classical of

12 Classical of

13 (NS) Neutral Stimulus (NR) No Response Classical of

14 (UCS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCR) Unconditioned Response Classical of

15 Repeated pairings (NS) Neutral Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCR) Unconditioned Response No response Classical of

16 (CS) Conditioned Stimulus (CR) Conditioned Response Classical of

17 Classical at BGSU Video courtesy of David Johnson Classical of

18 Acquisition (CS-US pairings) Classical of

19 Extinction (CS alone) Classical of

20 Spontaneous Extinction Recovery (CS alone) hour rest 0 Classical of

21 Figure 6.2 The sequence of events in classical conditioning

22 Figure 6.3 Classical conditioning of a fear response

23 Basic Processes in Classical Acquisition Extinction Spontaneous recovery Stimulus generalization Stimulus discrimination Higher-order conditioning

24 Figure 6.6 Acquisition, extinction, and spontaneous recovery

25 Figure 6.8 Higher-order conditioning

26 Classical of

27 John Watson Classical of

28 John B. Watson and Little Albert Conditioned emotional responses Generalization Extinction

29 (CS) White Rat (US) Loud Gong (CR) (UR) Fear Classical of

30 Little Albert Classical of

31 CS CR

32 Skinner s Classical of

33 B. F. Skinner s Interested in emitted behaviors voluntary response that acts on the environment to produce consequences

34 B. F. Skinner s Reinforcement the occurrence of a stimulus following a response that increases the likelihood of the response being repeated

35 Basic Processes in Acquisition Shaping Extinction Stimulus Control Generalization Discrimination

36 Behavior Consequence Patronize Elmo s Diner Response Rewarding Stimulus Presented Tendency to tell jokes increases Classical of

37 Skinner Box Speaker Signal lights Lever To food dispenser Food pellet Electric grid To shock generator Classical of

38 Cumulative Recorder Drum One response Series of rapid responses Pen Not responding Reinforcement slash Classical of

39 Rat in a Skinner box Classical of

40 Classical of

41 Table 6.1 Comparison of Basic Processes in Classical and

42 Reinforcement: Consequences that Strengthen Responses Primary Reinforcers Satisfy biological needs Secondary Reinforcers Conditioned reinforcement (ex. Money, good grades, praise, etc.)

43 Priscilla the Pig Classical of

44 Shaping the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the desired behavior

45 Cumulative Responses Rate decreasing High rate Response extinguished Rate increasing Time Classical of

46 Reinforcement Schedules Continuous every correct response is reinforced; good way to get a lowfrequency behavior to occur Partial only some correct responses are reinforced; good way to make a behavior resistant to extinction

47 Continuous Reinforcement Intermittent Reinforcement Response Reinforcer Response Reinforcer Response Reinforcer Response Response Reinforcer Response Response Reinforcer Response Reinforcer Response Reinforcer Response Response Reinforcer Response Response Reinforcer Response Reinforcer Classical of

48 Partial Schedules Ratio Ratio schedules are based on number of responses emitted Fixed ratio (FR) a reinforcer is delivered after a certain (fixed) number of correct responses Variable ratio (VR) a reinforcer is delivered after an average number of responses, but varies from trial to trial

49 Cumulative Responses Fixed-ratio (FR) Lower resistance to extinction Rapid responding Short pause after reinforcement Note: Higher ratios generate higher response rates Time Classical of

50 Classical of

51 Cumulative Responses Variable-ratio (VR) Higher resistance to extinction High, steady rate without pauses Note: Higher ratios generate higher response rates Time Classical of

52 Classical of

53 Partial Schedules Interval Interval schedules are based on time. Fixed interval (FI) reinforcer is delivered for the first response after a fixed period of time has elapsed Variable interval (VI) reinforcer is delivered for the first response after an average time has elapsed, differs between trials

54 Cumulative Responses Fixed-interval (FI) Lower resistance to extinction Long pause after reinforcement yields scalloping effect Note: Short intervals generate higher rates overall Time Classical of

55 Classical of

56 Cumulative Responses Variable-interval (VI) Higher resistance to extinction Low, steady rate without pauses Note: Short intervals generate higher rates overall Time Classical of

57 Classical of

58 positive and negative reinforcement Positive reinforcement following an operant with the addition of a reinforcing stimulus Negative reinforcement Following an operant with the avoidance or removal of an aversive stimulus

59 Behavior Consequence Tendency to press lever increases Response Press lever Rewarding Stimulus Presented Food delivered Classical of

60 Behavior Consequence Tendency to press lever increases Response Press lever Aversive Stimulus Removed Shock turned off Classical of

61 Positive or Negative Reinforcement? A toddler begins to cry in a toy store. The toddler s mother gives her a toy to quiet her down. Next time they go to the store, the child starts crying again. Positive Reinforcement Classical of

62 Escape (CS) Light (US) Shock (CR) (UR) Fear Classical of

63 Avoidance Classical of

64 Consequences: Reinforcement and Punishment Increasing a response: Positive reinforcement = response followed by rewarding stimulus Negative reinforcement = response followed by removal of an aversive stimulus Escape learning Avoidance learning Decreasing a response: Punishment Problems with punishment

65 Punishment Type I (Positive) Punishment - Presentation of an aversive stimulus following a behavior that acts to decrease the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated Type II (Negative) Punishment Removal of a reinforcing stimulus following a behavior that acts to decrease the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated.

66 *Problems with Punishment* 1. Does not teach or promote alternative, acceptable behavior 2. May produce undesirable results such as hostility, passivity, fear 3. Likely to be temporary 4. May model aggression

67 Figure 6.16 Comparison of negative reinforcement and punishment

68 of Biological Constraints on Instinctive Drift Conditioned Taste Aversion Arbitrary vs. ecological conditioned stimuli Cognitive Influences on Latent learning Signal relations Response-outcome relations

69 Figure 6.19 Latent learning

70 Unconditioned Stimulus (Illness) (CR) (UR) Nausea Conditioned Stimulus (Taste of Berries) Classical of

71 Snake Phobia Classical of

72 Albert Bandura Classical of

73 Albert Bandura learning Basic processes attention retention reproduction motivation

74 Figure 6.20 learning

75 Famous Last Words??? Do as I say, not as I do. This will teach you to hit your brother! Why do you do that? You know you get in trouble for it.

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7 1 Chapter in Review 1. Learning is difficult to define, but most psychologists would agree that: In learning the organism acquires some new knowledge or behavior as a result of experience; learning can

More information

Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? learning Conditioning II. Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli Ivan Pavlov

Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? learning Conditioning II. Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli Ivan Pavlov Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? A. Psychologists define learning as a process that produces a relatively enduring change in behavior or knowledge as a result of an individual s experience.

More information

Learning from Experience. Definition of Learning. Psychological definition. Pavlov: Classical Conditioning

Learning from Experience. Definition of Learning. Psychological definition. Pavlov: Classical Conditioning Learning from Experience Overview Understanding Learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning Definition of Learning Permanent change Change in behavior or knowledge Learning

More information

Behavioral Principles. S-R Learning. Pavlov & Classical Conditioning 12/2/2009

Behavioral Principles. S-R Learning. Pavlov & Classical Conditioning 12/2/2009 Behavioral Principles S-R Learning Classical conditioning The most basic form of learning; one stimulus comes to serve as a signal for the occurrence of a second stimulus (the response) Stimulus a physical

More information

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning How do we Learn? Chapter 6 Learning CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? How do you know you ve learned something? 1 Can our beliefs and attitudes be a result of learning??

More information

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7 1 Chapter Test 1. Knowing how to do something, like drive a car or play a sport, is referred to as a. explicit knowledge b. behavioral knowledge c. procedural knowledge d. implicit knowledge 2. All of

More information

Behavior Analysis and Strategy Application after Brain Injury: Addressing the long-term behavioral outcomes of brain injury

Behavior Analysis and Strategy Application after Brain Injury: Addressing the long-term behavioral outcomes of brain injury Behavior Analysis and Strategy Application after Brain Injury: Addressing the long-term behavioral outcomes of brain injury Chris M. Schaub, MS Ed., BCBA Christina M. Peters, MS Ed., CBIS Stephanie A.

More information

IMPORTANT BEHAVIOURISTIC THEORIES

IMPORTANT BEHAVIOURISTIC THEORIES IMPORTANT BEHAVIOURISTIC THEORIES BEHAVIOURISTIC THEORIES PAVLOV THORNDIKE SKINNER PAVLOV S CLASSICAL CONDITIONING I. Introduction: Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) was a Russian Physiologist who won Nobel Prize

More information

Today. Learning. Learning. What is Learning? The Biological Basis. Hebbian Learning in Neurons

Today. Learning. Learning. What is Learning? The Biological Basis. Hebbian Learning in Neurons Today Learning What is Learning? Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Intro Psychology Georgia Tech Instructor: Dr. Bruce Walker What is Learning? Depends on your purpose and perspective Could be

More information

Learning: Classical Conditioning

Learning: Classical Conditioning How Do We Learn? Learning Learning: Classical Conditioning Chapter 7 One way is through Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Extending Pavlov s Understanding Pavlov s Legacy Psy 12000.003 1 2 Definition

More information

A. Learning Process through which experience causes permanent change in knowledge or behavior.

A. Learning Process through which experience causes permanent change in knowledge or behavior. Woolfolk, A. (2010). Chapter 6: Behavioral Views of Learning. In A. Woolfook (Ed.), Educational psychology (11th ed.). Columbus, OH: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon. This chapter begins by defining learning and

More information

Chapter 5. Learning. Outline

Chapter 5. Learning. Outline Chapter 5 Learning Outline I. What Is Learning? A. Learning is demonstrated by a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as the result of practice or experience. 1. Learning cannot be observed

More information

Classical vs. Operant Conditioning

Classical vs. Operant Conditioning Classical vs. Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning (R S RF ) A voluntary response (R) is followed by a reinforcing stimulus (S RF ) The voluntary response is more likely to be emitted by the organism.

More information

A BEHAVIORAL VIEW OF LEARNING

A BEHAVIORAL VIEW OF LEARNING Chapter 10 Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning: The Story of Dogs and Little Albert A BEHAVIORAL VIEW OF LEARNING As you read below you may come to think that behavioral learning theories seem

More information

HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS

HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS The purpose of these review questions is to help you assess your grasp of the facts and definitions covered in your textbook. Knowing facts and definitions is necessary

More information

LEARNING. Chapter 6 (Bernstein), pages 194-229

LEARNING. Chapter 6 (Bernstein), pages 194-229 LEARNING Chapter 6 (Bernstein), pages 194-229 What is LEARNING? LEARNING is the adaptive process through which experience modifies preexisting behavior and understanding; relatively permanent change in

More information

7/17/2014. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Therapy Overview. Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

7/17/2014. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Therapy Overview. Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy Continuum Autism Spectrum Alliance Presented: Tram Chum Newcomb B.A. ABA Program Coordinator and Junior Consultant www.autismspectrumalliance.com Applied Behavior Analysis

More information

Operant Conditioning. PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers. Module 22

Operant Conditioning. PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers. Module 22 PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, 2007 1 Operant Conditioning Module 22 2 Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning

More information

Behaviorism & Education

Behaviorism & Education Behaviorism & Education Early Psychology (the use of nonobjective methods such as Introspection) Learning = behavior change movement toward objective methods Behaviorism Pavlov, Skinner (Focus on Sà R)

More information

Classical Conditioning. Classical and Operant Conditioning. Basic effect. Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning. Classical and Operant Conditioning. Basic effect. Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Classical and Operant Conditioning January 16, 2001 Reminder of Basic Effect What makes for effective conditioning? How does classical conditioning work? Classical Conditioning Reflex-basic

More information

Behavioural Therapy A GUIDE TO COUNSELLING THERAPIES (DVD) Published by: J & S Garrett Pty Ltd ACN 068 751 440

Behavioural Therapy A GUIDE TO COUNSELLING THERAPIES (DVD) Published by: J & S Garrett Pty Ltd ACN 068 751 440 Behavioural Therapy A GUIDE TO COUNSELLING THERAPIES (DVD) Published by: J & S Garrett Pty Ltd ACN 068 751 440 All Case Histories in this text are presented as examples only and any comparison which might

More information

AP Psychology 2008-2009 Academic Year

AP Psychology 2008-2009 Academic Year AP Psychology 2008-2009 Academic Year Course Description: The College Board Advanced Placement Program describes Advanced Placement Psychology as a course that is designed to introduce students to the

More information

Heather Maurin, MA, EdS, PPS, LEP, BICM School Psychologist-Stockton Unified School District THE ABC S OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

Heather Maurin, MA, EdS, PPS, LEP, BICM School Psychologist-Stockton Unified School District THE ABC S OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS Heather Maurin, MA, EdS, PPS, LEP, BICM School Psychologist-Stockton Unified School District THE ABC S OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS WHAT IS BEHAVIOR Every behavior has a purpose. There is no behavior that

More information

Image Source: Markstivers.com

Image Source: Markstivers.com Classical Conditioning Image Source: Markstivers.com What is Learning? Relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Behaviorism Types of Learning Classical Conditioning Operant

More information

5 Learning. Links to Learning Objectives. Enduring Issues. How is learning influenced by an organism s inborn characteristics?

5 Learning. Links to Learning Objectives. Enduring Issues. How is learning influenced by an organism s inborn characteristics? CHAPTER 5 Learning Links to Learning Objectives ENDURING ISSUES IN LEARNING CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Definition of learning Basic elements & establishing a response Classical conditioning in humans & selectivity

More information

Applied Behavior Analysis Reinforcement. Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 19, 2007

Applied Behavior Analysis Reinforcement. Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 19, 2007 Applied Behavior Analysis Reinforcement Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 19, 2007 Skinner Box & Reinforcement In operant conditioning, behavior is also affected by its consequences, but the process

More information

Final Exam Review for EDP304 Prague

Final Exam Review for EDP304 Prague Final Exam Review for EDP304 Prague Types of Instruction 1. The term used to describe lessons in which the teacher provides information directly to students, structuring class time to reach a clearly defined

More information

Operant Conditioning: An Overview

Operant Conditioning: An Overview Operant Conditioning: An Overview Classical, or Pavlovian, conditioning is a process by which new emotional and glandular reactions develop in response to previously neutral stimuli in the environment.

More information

Psychology 3720. Learning. Dr. r. D

Psychology 3720. Learning. Dr. r. D Psychology 3720 Learning Dr. r. D Lecture 13 Acquisition Spontaneous recovery, resurgence Reinforcement/punishment, positive/negative Immediate vs delayed reinforcement Primary vs secondary reinforcement

More information

Chapter 12: Observational Learning. Lecture Outline

Chapter 12: Observational Learning. Lecture Outline Chapter 12: Observational Learning Lecture Outline Observational learning Observational learning in Classical conditioning Observational learning in operant conditioning Observational learning in animals

More information

Section 2 - Behavior Modification Section 2.2 - Reinforcement

Section 2 - Behavior Modification Section 2.2 - Reinforcement Section 2 - Behavior Modification Section 2.2 - Reinforcement Positive versus Negative Reinforcement Wiki - reinforcement is an increase in the strength [or frequency] of a response following the change

More information

Applied Behavior Analysis Reinforcement. Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 26, 2007

Applied Behavior Analysis Reinforcement. Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 26, 2007 Applied Behavior Analysis Reinforcement Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 26, 2007 Pairing to Teach New Reinforcers Avoiding satiation Helping child mature Avoiding cavities Creating interest in

More information

Operant Conditioning

Operant Conditioning LP 6B Operant Conditioning: Reinforcements and Punishments 1 Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning (instrumental conditioning): A learning process in which the consequences of an action determine the

More information

The Antabuse-Myth Why disulfiram cannot work

The Antabuse-Myth Why disulfiram cannot work The Antabuse-Myth Why disulfiram cannot work Disulfiram prescriptions Mark et al., 2009 USA, 2007 25% of patients treated for alcohol received disulfiram Side effects disulfiram headaches garlic-like taste

More information

Classical Conditioning Overview

Classical Conditioning Overview Classical Conditioning Overview Classical conditioning was first identified and developed by a Russian physiologist, Ivan Pavlov. The phenomenon of classical conditioning is widely considered to be the

More information

Content / Topic Teaching / Learning Activity Duration Assessment Resources

Content / Topic Teaching / Learning Activity Duration Assessment Resources Name of Unit Psychology Unit 4 Area of Study Learning Sample out line Learning Outcomes Area of Study 1: Learning Outcome 1 On completion of this unit, the student should be able to explain the neural

More information

Is the stimulus/response something that was learned or something that occurs naturally, by instinct?

Is the stimulus/response something that was learned or something that occurs naturally, by instinct? Chapter 5: Learning: Classical Conditioning Notes & Exercises Many students get confused with the terms of classical conditioning. There are four major components to this type of learning: unconditioned

More information

6 :: LEARNING 6.1 6.2 6.3. Classical. Conditioning. Operant. Conditioning. Cognitive and Observational Learning. Chapter In Focus

6 :: LEARNING 6.1 6.2 6.3. Classical. Conditioning. Operant. Conditioning. Cognitive and Observational Learning. Chapter In Focus 6 :: LEARNING Pavlov s Dogs: Classical Conditioning of Salivation p. 196 Processes of Classical Conditioning Applications of Classical Conditioning p. 200 6.1 Classical Conditioning 6.2 6.2 2 Operant Conditioning

More information

ABA & Teaching Methods

ABA & Teaching Methods ABA & Teaching Methods C H A P T E R 7 E A S T E R S E A L S S O U T H E A S T W I S C O N S I N S T A R T E A R L Y, S T A R T S T R O N G P R O G R A M ABA ABA = Applied Behavior Analysis Science devoted

More information

A Brief Explanation of Applied Behavior Analysis. conditioning to identify the contingencies affecting a student s behavior and the functions of the

A Brief Explanation of Applied Behavior Analysis. conditioning to identify the contingencies affecting a student s behavior and the functions of the A Brief Explanation of Applied Behavior Analysis Applied Behavior Analysis is the procedure for using the principles of operant conditioning to identify the contingencies affecting a student s behavior

More information

Faulty Explanations for Behavior

Faulty Explanations for Behavior Functional Assessment of Behavior EDS 240 Stephen E. Brock, Ph.D., NCSP California State University, Sacramento Faulty Explanations for Behavior 1. Behavior occurs because of the student is bad 2. Behavior

More information

What Teachers Need to Know About Learning

What Teachers Need to Know About Learning BORICP04.doc - 1 Part II What Teachers Need to Know About Learning Chapter 4 The Behavioral Science Approach to Learning Chapter 5 Cognitive Learning I: Understanding Effective Thinking Chapter 6 Chapter

More information

TWO - FACTOR THEORY OF LEARNING: APPLICATION TO MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR

TWO - FACTOR THEORY OF LEARNING: APPLICATION TO MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR School and Health 21, 2010, Health Education: Contexts and Inspiration TWO - FACTOR THEORY OF LEARNING: APPLICATION TO MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR Michaella BUCK Abstract: Two-factor theory of avoidance remains

More information

Applied Behavior Analysis. Session 1: Course overview and basic concepts

Applied Behavior Analysis. Session 1: Course overview and basic concepts Applied Behavior Analysis Session 1: Course overview and basic concepts My background Special Ed teacher in Victoria Special Ed teacher in junior vocational high schools in Canada BEd, MSc University of

More information

Unit VI. Learning. PD Unit Overview. Alignment to AP Course Description. Topic 6: Learning (7 9% of AP Examination) Module Topic Essential Questions

Unit VI. Learning. PD Unit Overview. Alignment to AP Course Description. Topic 6: Learning (7 9% of AP Examination) Module Topic Essential Questions Unit VI Learning PD Unit Overview Students spend most of their daily lives learning, yet they don t often think about what it means to learn. Learning involves more than just listening and taking notes

More information

Role of Learning Theories in Training While Training the Trainers

Role of Learning Theories in Training While Training the Trainers Role of Learning Theories in Training While Training the Trainers Abstract Arshad Ahmad Researcher, Management department, college of business administration King Saud University, KSA Email: aarshad@ksu.edu.sa,

More information

A Behavioral Perspective of Childhood Trauma and Attachment Issues: Toward Alternative Treatment Approaches for Children with a History of Abuse

A Behavioral Perspective of Childhood Trauma and Attachment Issues: Toward Alternative Treatment Approaches for Children with a History of Abuse A Behavioral Perspective of Childhood Trauma and Attachment Issues: Toward Alternative Treatment Approaches for Children with a History of Abuse By: Walter Prather and Jeannie A. Golden ABSTRACT This article

More information

Psychological Theory and theory-based intervention. Marie Johnston University of Aberdeen

Psychological Theory and theory-based intervention. Marie Johnston University of Aberdeen Psychological Theory and theory-based intervention Marie Johnston University of Aberdeen Behavioural Approaches to knowledge Transfer Symposium Ottawa: 16th October 2007 Using Theory in Intervention Theory

More information

PSYCHOTHERAPY. MODULE -V Social and Applied Psychology OBJECTIVES 24.1 MEDICAL MODEL. Psychotherapy. Notes

PSYCHOTHERAPY. MODULE -V Social and Applied Psychology OBJECTIVES 24.1 MEDICAL MODEL. Psychotherapy. Notes MODULE -V Psychotherapy 24 PSYCHOTHERAPY In the previous lesson, you were told about psychological disorders. Psychologists have tried to understand the causes of abnormal behaviour, and the best way to

More information

LEARNING AND CONDITIONING

LEARNING AND CONDITIONING 64 Chapter II Perception and Consciousness The Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective. Nicholas Spanos was a prolific and wellrespected behavioral scientist who has been missed greatly by his colleagues and

More information

Dr. Griggs Study Tips for College Students Prepared by Tracy L. Griggs, Winthrop University (GriggsT@winthrop.edu)

Dr. Griggs Study Tips for College Students Prepared by Tracy L. Griggs, Winthrop University (GriggsT@winthrop.edu) Dr. Griggs Study Tips for College Students Prepared by Tracy L. Griggs, Winthrop University (GriggsT@winthrop.edu) The skills you relied on to succeed in high school may not be sufficient in college. Why?

More information

The ABC s of ABA. Claire Benson Kimberly Snyder Sarah Kroll Judy Aldridge

The ABC s of ABA. Claire Benson Kimberly Snyder Sarah Kroll Judy Aldridge The ABC s of ABA Claire Benson Kimberly Snyder Sarah Kroll Judy Aldridge ABA Overview Applied Behavior Analysis is NOT one set of procedures that can be applied to everyone. Applied Behavior Analysis is

More information

Module - 6 CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

Module - 6 CONSUMER BEHAVIOR Module - 6 CONSUMER BEHAVIOR Sangeeta Sahney Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India Email. sahney@vgsom.iitkgp.emit.in Joint Initiative IITs and IISc Funded by MHRD - 1 -

More information

Behaviorism: Laws of the Observable

Behaviorism: Laws of the Observable Behaviorism: Laws of the Observable The Backdrop to Watson: Functionalism at the Univ. of Chicago John Dewey, like James, was influenced by both Peirce and Darwin Moved to the University of Chicago in

More information

DogNostics Career College Certificate & Diploma Program Tool-Kits -

DogNostics Career College Certificate & Diploma Program Tool-Kits - DogNostics Career College Certificate & Diploma Program Tool-Kits - Dog Training & Dog Behavior Consulting Tool-Kits 301. Canine Ethology & Canine Development - Learn about the origins and domestication

More information

Chapter 3 Behavioral Approach and Multimedia-Learning Environments

Chapter 3 Behavioral Approach and Multimedia-Learning Environments Chapter 3 Behavioral Approach and Multimedia-Learning Environments The behavioral approach to learning and development, which has for the most part dominated the psychology of curriculum design and educational

More information

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2008 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2008 SCORING GUIDELINES AP PSYCHOLOGY 2008 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 The Smith-Garcias are planning for their first baby. Both parents-to-be have had a psychology course and are looking forward to applying the principles

More information

A Parenting Roadmap. Understanding Applied Behavioral Analysis and Using Behavioral Strategies at Home

A Parenting Roadmap. Understanding Applied Behavioral Analysis and Using Behavioral Strategies at Home A Parenting Roadmap Understanding Applied Behavioral Analysis and Using Behavioral Strategies at Home By Deborah Hammer Autism Coordinator Arlington Public Schools (703) 228-2133 deborah.hammer@apsva.us

More information

THE WORLD OF PSYCHOLOGY, 5/E 2005

THE WORLD OF PSYCHOLOGY, 5/E 2005 THE WORLD OF PSYCHOLOGY, 5/E 2005 Ellen Green Wood Samuel E.Wood Denise Boyd 0-205-43055-4 Exam Copy ISBN (Please use above number to order your exam copy.) Visit www.ablongman.com/replocator to contact

More information

Educational Psychology (EDP304) Comprehensive Course Review

Educational Psychology (EDP304) Comprehensive Course Review Educational Psychology (EDP304) Comprehensive Course Review Research Methods 1. The discipline or field that studies learners, learning and teaching is? 2. Explain the difference between external and internal

More information

Cristine Deaver, MS, BCBA, LABA Behavior Analyst

Cristine Deaver, MS, BCBA, LABA Behavior Analyst Cristine Deaver, MS, BCBA, LABA Behavior Analyst Provide an overview of effective research based interventions for professionals working with young students with challenging behaviors and their families.

More information

What is this thing we call psychology? Science of the mind; Science of behavior. Biological mechanisms and psychological phenomena

What is this thing we call psychology? Science of the mind; Science of behavior. Biological mechanisms and psychological phenomena Psychology Introduction What is psychology? The range and major schools Disciplines Conclusion YRG @ Department of Epileptology University of Bonn Medical Centre, Germany * christian.hoppe@ukb.uni-bonn.de

More information

Interview with David Bouthiette [at AMHI 3 times] September 4, 2003. Interviewer: Karen Evans

Interview with David Bouthiette [at AMHI 3 times] September 4, 2003. Interviewer: Karen Evans Interview with David Bouthiette [at AMHI 3 times] September 4, 2003 Interviewer: Karen Evans KE: What we are going to talk about first are your experiences while you were at AMHI, and then we will go on

More information

Learning. Can we learn in our sleep? (p. 5-33)

Learning. Can we learn in our sleep? (p. 5-33) Learning Can we learn in our sleep? (p. 5-33) How do trainers get animals to do cute tricks like dancing or water skiing? (p. 5-21) How do phobias develop? (p. 5-11) Do different people have different

More information

What is Psychology? A set of questions about mental functioning trace back to philosophy Aristotle asked about memory, personality, emotions, etc.

What is Psychology? A set of questions about mental functioning trace back to philosophy Aristotle asked about memory, personality, emotions, etc. What is? The science of behavior and the mind behavior - observable actions of a person or animal mind - thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions, memories, dreams, motives and other subjective experiences

More information

Psychology lesson plans for the week of 11/16/09. Monday 11/16/09 Chapter 6 test Read chapter 5

Psychology lesson plans for the week of 11/16/09. Monday 11/16/09 Chapter 6 test Read chapter 5 Psychology lesson plans for the week of 11/16/09 Monday 11/16/09 Chapter 6 test Read chapter 5 Tuesday 11/17/09 What is the difference between motivation and emotion? Motivation drives us toward goals.

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder Series: Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Sylvia J. Acosta, PhD May 23, 2016

Autism Spectrum Disorder Series: Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Sylvia J. Acosta, PhD May 23, 2016 Autism Spectrum Disorder Series: Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Sylvia J. Acosta, PhD May 23, 2016 Introductions and Disclosure Sylvia J. Acosta, PhD, Assistant Professor, Postdoctoral

More information

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY - ONLINE SUMMER 2013 DE ANZA COLLEGE

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY - ONLINE SUMMER 2013 DE ANZA COLLEGE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY - ONLINE SUMMER 2013 DE ANZA COLLEGE Linda Hurkmans, M.A. Psyc-D001.-61Z Office hour: ONLINE Course # 10214 Office mailbox: 4.0 units Social Science Division Office L13 lindahurkmans@sbcglobal.net

More information

COMPUTATIONAL MODELS OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

COMPUTATIONAL MODELS OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING: A COMPARATIVE STUDY COMPUTATIONAL MODELS OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING: A COMPARATIVE STUDY Christian Balkenius Jan Morén christian.balkenius@fil.lu.se jan.moren@fil.lu.se Lund University Cognitive Science Kungshuset, Lundagård

More information

SOUTHEAST MISSOURI STATE UNIVERSITY COURSE SYLLABUS. Department of: Human Environmental Studies Course No. CF 531

SOUTHEAST MISSOURI STATE UNIVERSITY COURSE SYLLABUS. Department of: Human Environmental Studies Course No. CF 531 SOUTHEAST MISSOURI STATE UNIVERSITY COURSE SYLLABUS Department of: Human Environmental Studies Course No. CF 531 Title of Course: Basic Principles of Applied Behavior Analysis New: Fall 2008 I. Catalog

More information

Psych 605 Advanced Human Learning Professor Neil H. Schwartz, Ph.D. Fall Semester 2014

Psych 605 Advanced Human Learning Professor Neil H. Schwartz, Ph.D. Fall Semester 2014 Psych 605 Advanced Human Learning Professor Neil H. Schwartz, Ph.D. Fall Semester 2014 Class Meetings: Tuesdays & Thursdays 3:30 p.m. - 4: 45 p.m. Modoc Hall Room 222 Office Hours: Mondays 2:00 p.m. -

More information

John C. Salaz Candidate. Educational Psychology Department. This dissertation is approved, and it is acceptable in quality and form for publication:

John C. Salaz Candidate. Educational Psychology Department. This dissertation is approved, and it is acceptable in quality and form for publication: John C. Salaz Candidate Educational Psychology Department This dissertation is approved, and it is acceptable in quality and form for publication: Approved by the Dissertation Committee: Terri Flowerday,

More information

Classical and Operant Conditioning as Roots of Interaction for Robots

Classical and Operant Conditioning as Roots of Interaction for Robots Classical and Operant Conditioning as Roots of Interaction for Robots Jean Marc Salotti and Florent Lepretre Laboratoire EA487 Cognition et Facteurs Humains, Institut de Cognitique, Université de Bordeaux,

More information

1 2013 the Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc. All rights reserved.

1 2013 the Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc. All rights reserved. Coverage of the Behavior Analyst Certification Board Fourth Edition List by Cooper, Heron, and Heward s Applied Behavior Analysis, Second Edition The BACB Fourth Edition List is organized in three major

More information

Sample Behavior Intervention Plan for Child With Attention Deficit Disorder and Conduct Problems

Sample Behavior Intervention Plan for Child With Attention Deficit Disorder and Conduct Problems Sample Behavior Intervention Plan for Child With Attention Deficit Disorder and Conduct Problems for Developed by: Date: This behavior intervention plan has been created to support the goals and objectives

More information

Six types of response consequences where stimuli immediately occurs, disappears, being sustained or are withheld: Negative reinforcement

Six types of response consequences where stimuli immediately occurs, disappears, being sustained or are withheld: Negative reinforcement A Reevaluation of Punishment: An Analysis of Resistance Behavior Arild Karlsen,, psychologist, ass. professor at Akershus University College in Norway (arild.karlsen@hiak.no) Jens Erik Skår,, specialist

More information

THE BASICS OF ADDICTION COUNSELING: DESK REFERENCE AND STUDY GUIDE

THE BASICS OF ADDICTION COUNSELING: DESK REFERENCE AND STUDY GUIDE THE BASICS OF ADDICTION COUNSELING: DESK REFERENCE AND STUDY GUIDE MODULE II: ADDICTION COUNSELING THEORIES, PRACTICES AND SKILLS - Tenth Edition - June 2009 NAADAC, the Association for Addiction Professionals

More information

Dimensions of ABA. Applied Behavior Analysis for Educational Settings. Underlying Assumptions of ABA

Dimensions of ABA. Applied Behavior Analysis for Educational Settings. Underlying Assumptions of ABA Applied Behavior Analysis for Educational Settings Christopher Ewing Behavior Intervention Consultant Arkansas Department of Education Underlying Assumptions of ABA Determinism The universe is a lawful

More information

The Application of Applied Behavior Analysis in the Special Education Classroom

The Application of Applied Behavior Analysis in the Special Education Classroom The Application of Applied Behavior Analysis in the Special Education Classroom Tonight s Agenda Review course requirements Discuss foundational principles and history of ABA SPC ED 519 Spring 2015 Professor:

More information

Evolutionary Perspective: Wrap Up

Evolutionary Perspective: Wrap Up Psych 305A: Lecture 18 Evolutionary Approach Wrap Up The Cognitive Approach Part I Learning and Behaviorism 1 Evolutionary Perspective: Wrap Up 2 1 Importance of Good Financial Prospect When Selecting

More information

COMPREHENSIVE EXAMS GUIDELINES MASTER S IN APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

COMPREHENSIVE EXAMS GUIDELINES MASTER S IN APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS COMPREHENSIVE EXAMS GUIDELINES MASTER S IN APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS The following guidelines are for Applied Behavior Analysis Master s students who choose the comprehensive exams option. Students who

More information

IT-MAIS. Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale. Instructions, Questionnaire and Score Sheet

IT-MAIS. Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale. Instructions, Questionnaire and Score Sheet Instructions, Questionnaire and Score Sheet Authors: Susan Zimmerman-Phillips, MS (Advanced Bionics) Mary Joe Osberger, PhD (Advanced Bionics) Amy McConkey Robbins, MS (Communication Consulting Services)

More information

GCSE Psychology Topic D

GCSE Psychology Topic D GCSE Psychology Topic D Why do we have phobias? 1) Classical conditioning and phobias Classical conditioning A learning process which builds up an association between the two stimuli through repeated pairings.

More information

H-CAHPS Quality Plus-Hospital Patient Experience Survey Massachusetts General Hospital

H-CAHPS Quality Plus-Hospital Patient Experience Survey Massachusetts General Hospital H-CAHPS Quality Plus-Hospital Patient Experience Survey Massachusetts General Hospital Introduction Hi, my name is [InterviewerFirstName] [InterviewerLastName], and I'm calling on behalf of Massachusetts

More information

Agent Simulation of Hull s Drive Theory

Agent Simulation of Hull s Drive Theory Agent Simulation of Hull s Drive Theory Nick Schmansky Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems Boston University March 7, 4 Abstract A computer simulation was conducted of an agent attempting to survive

More information

Applied Behavior Analysis: Teaching Procedures and Staff Training for Children with Autism

Applied Behavior Analysis: Teaching Procedures and Staff Training for Children with Autism 10 Applied Behavior Analysis: Teaching Procedures and Staff Training for Children with Autism Carolyn S. Ryan Institute for Children with Autism and Related Disorders and Queens College of the City University

More information

CHAPTER. 7 Learning and Health and

CHAPTER. 7 Learning and Health and kin35406_ch06_180-215.indd Page 180 17/06/13 5:03 PM f-500 CHAPTER CHAPTER OUTLINE 1 2 3 4 5 6 Types of Learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning Cognitive Factors in

More information

Cognitive Remediation of Brain Injury

Cognitive Remediation of Brain Injury Cognitive Remediation of Brain Injury Amanda Sacks, PhD, ABPP-CN Weill Cornell Medical College Purpose 1. Outline possible cognitive deficits resulting from brain injury 2. Explain the role of cognitive

More information

Independent Listening Task: Stereotypes

Independent Listening Task: Stereotypes At a glance Level: ISE III Independent Listening Task: Stereotypes Focus: Independent listening task Aims: To develop listening strategies when listening to a lecture on the use of stereotypes in education

More information

Children and Young People s Workforce

Children and Young People s Workforce CACHE LEVEL 3 EXTENDED DIPLOMA Children and Young People s Workforce Early Learning and Child Care Maureen Smith, Teena Kamen, Jo Irvine, Mary Armitage, Corinne Barker Book Interior Layout.indd 1 Contents

More information

The operations performed to establish Pavlovian conditioned reflexes

The operations performed to establish Pavlovian conditioned reflexes ~ 1 ~ Pavlovian Conditioning and Its Proper Control Procedures Robert A. Rescorla The operations performed to establish Pavlovian conditioned reflexes require that the presentation of an unconditioned

More information

Chapter 1: Educational Psychology - A Foundation for Teaching. 1. Define educational psychology and state its main purpose.

Chapter 1: Educational Psychology - A Foundation for Teaching. 1. Define educational psychology and state its main purpose. LEARNING OBJECTIVES Educational Psychology - Slavin, Ninth Edition Psychology 207 Mr. Conjar Chapter 1: Educational Psychology - A Foundation for Teaching 1. Define educational psychology and state its

More information

What is Applied Behavior Analysis? Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 12, 2007

What is Applied Behavior Analysis? Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 12, 2007 What is Applied Behavior Analysis? Elisabeth (Lisa) Kinney, M.S. September 12, 2007 Autism Research Lovaas, O. I. (1987) "Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young

More information

Share books and talk together

Share books and talk together Share books and talk together Babies love to communicate. They are born sociable and come into the world with a willingness to communicate and learn. Their experiences in their early years shape their

More information

Overview of the Basic Principles of Applied Behavior Analysis

Overview of the Basic Principles of Applied Behavior Analysis Overview of the Basic Principles of Applied Behavior Analysis Key Principles of ABA (Kerr & Nelson, 2010) In managing classroom behavior and designing interven3ons, it is cri3cal that teachers understand

More information

Task 1 Long Reading: Emotional Intelligence

Task 1 Long Reading: Emotional Intelligence At a glance Level: ISE II Task 1 Long Reading: Emotional Intelligence Focus: Task 1 Long reading Aims: To develop reading strategies by reading an article about emotional intelligence and answering three

More information

The Four Term Contingency and Tier 3 Functional Behavior Intervention: Avoiding Common Pitfalls and Encouraging Successful Outcomes

The Four Term Contingency and Tier 3 Functional Behavior Intervention: Avoiding Common Pitfalls and Encouraging Successful Outcomes The Four Term Contingency and Tier 3 Functional Behavior Intervention: Avoiding Common Pitfalls and Encouraging Successful Outcomes Kevin Kuhn, 2014 ASPP Conference Kahoot.it Code: The Four Term Contingency

More information

King s College London

King s College London King s College London Initial Teacher Education inspection report Provider address Professional School of Social Science and Public Policy Department of Educational and Professional Studies Franklin Wilkins

More information

4/25/2014. What is ABA? Do I use ABA? Should I use ABA?

4/25/2014. What is ABA? Do I use ABA? Should I use ABA? Using Behavior Analysis to Teach Appropriate Behavior DAVID E. KUHN, PH.D.,., BCBA-D What is ABA? Do I use ABA? Should I use ABA? Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) A science devoted to the understanding

More information

TOILET TRAINING CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

TOILET TRAINING CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS TOILET TRAINING CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS Karishma Chengappa, Ph.D. Pediatric Developmental Disabilities Clinic Objectives Challenges associated with toilet training a child with autism.

More information