Name: Period: A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : What are some basic forms of learning? READ How do we learn? (pp.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Name: Period: A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : What are some basic forms of learning? READ How do we learn? (pp."

Transcription

1 Name: Period: Reading Guide Chapter 7: Learning How do we learn? (pp ) Before reading SURVEY pp Look at the pictures, tables, cartoons, read any quotations and anything else in the margins. A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : What are some basic forms of learning? READ How do we learn? (pp ) 1 1. Define: learning 2. Aristotle, John Locke, and David Hume all believed that we learn though. What does this mean? 3. Define habituation (you might need to go back to Chapter 5). Describe how the sea slug Aplysia demonstrates this simple form of learning. 4. What is conditioning? 5. What is classical conditioning? 6. What is operant conditioning? 7. Classical and operant conditioning are not the only types of learning. What is the third? Explain what it is. REHEARSE: STOP! Look at this question again. Recite your answer aloud. Check yourself by going back to your answers in this reading guide and/or go back and reread your textbook. Make sure you can answer this question. #1:What are some basic forms of learning? Do you recognize these key terms? Put a star (*) by the ones you don t recognize. Go back to your reading guide or the textbook and make sure you can identify & explain them. Learning Associative learning Conditioning Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Observational learning

2 2 Classical conditioning? (pp ) Before reading SURVEY pp Look at the pictures, tables, cartoons, read any quotations and anything else in the margins. A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read p. 294: What is classical conditioning, and how did Pavlov s work influence behaviorism? READ Classical Conditioning? (pp. 294) 1. What type of learning did Pavlov study? 2. John B Watson was an early learning theorist. What did he believe was appropriate for psychologists to study? 3. What is behaviorism? What basic beliefs did early behaviorists, like Pavlov and Watson, share? A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read p : How does a neutral stimulus become a conditioned stimulus? READ Pavlov s experiments? (pp ) Fact Check: Conditioning Don t let the term conditioning trick you, it just means learning. 1. Define each: a) Neutral stimulus (NS): b) Unconditioned response (UR): c) Unconditioned stimulus (US): d) Conditioned response (CR): e) Conditioned stimulus (CS):

3 3 2. Now tie these concepts to Pavlov s experiments with the dogs. Fill in each blank: a) UR: b) US: c) NS: d) CR: e) CS: Fact Check: Classical Conditioning An experimenter sounds a tone just before popping a balloon. You flinch to the loud noise. After several repetitions, you flinch to the tone alone. What is the US? The UR? The NS? The CS? The CR? Answers to Fact Check: US: loud noise UR: flinching NS: tone CS: tone after procedure CR: flinching How did you do? 3. What comes first during the classical conditioning procedure, the NS or the US? Use Pavlov s experiments to illustrate. REHEARSE: STOP! Look at this question again. Recite your answer aloud. Check yourself by going back to your answers in this reading guide and/or go back and reread your textbook. Make sure you can answer this question. #1: How does a neutral stimulus become a conditioned stimulus? Do you recognize these key terms? Put a star (*) by the ones you don t recognize. Go back to your reading guide or the textbook and make sure you can identify & explain them. Classical conditioning Behaviorism Ivan Pavlov John B. Watson Unconditioned response (UR) Unconditioned stimulus (US) Neutral stimulus (NS) Conditioned stimulus (CS) Conditioned response (CR)

4 4 A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read p : In classical conditioning, what are the processes of acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, and discrimination? READ Acquisition, Extinction & Spontaneous Recovery, Generalization, & Discrimination (pp ) 1. Define: acquisition 2. How much time should elapse between presenting the NS (like a tone), with the US (like the food)? 3. What do you think would happen if the food (US) appeared before the tone (CS)? Would conditioning occur? Explain in detail. Give an example to illustrate. 4. Define: higher-order conditioning (also called second-order conditioning) 5. Give an example of higher order conditioning. Fact Check: higher-order conditioning 1st classical conditioning procedure: US food UR salivation Acquisition: NS/CS (tone) + US (food) CR (salivation) Higher-order conditioning Acquisition: CS1 (tone) + CS2 (bell) CR (salivation) CS2 (alone) CR (salivation) *Weaker response 6. Define & give an example of extinction: 7. Define & give an example of spontaneous recovery: 8. Define & give an example of generalization: 9. Define & give an example of discrimination:

5 Time to Review! Every time Brandy drops a cricket into the cage of her pet tarantula, Chompers, he begins to salivate. Brandy has gotten into the habit of playing her favorite CD when she feeds Chompers. After several pairings of the cricket and her favorite CD, all Brandy has to do is play the CD and Chompers begins to salivate. Using this example, identify the following: US: UR: NS/CS: CR: If Brandy played the CD and never gave Chompers food, what would likely occur? What is the correct term to describe this phenomenon? 5 Chomper has stopped salivating to the music from Brandy s favorite CD. However, one day Brandy plays this CD while feeding Chompers and he begins salivating again. What is the correct term to describe this phenomenon? If Chompers salivated to ANY music Brandy played, what would we say had occurred? Give the correct term. If Chompers ONLY salivates to this particular CD, what would we say had occurred? Give the correct term. REHEARSE: STOP! Look at this question again. Recite your answer aloud. Check yourself by going back to your answers in this reading guide and/or go back and reread your textbook. Make sure you can answer this question. #1: In classical conditioning, what are the processes of acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, and discrimination? Do you recognize these key terms? Put a star (*) by the ones you don t recognize. Go back to your reading guide or the textbook and make sure you can identify & explain them. Acquisition Higher-order (or second-order) conditioning Extinction Spontaneous recovery Generalization READ Extending Pavlov s Understanding (pp ) Discrimination A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read p : Do cognitive processes & biological constraints affect classical conditioning? READ Extending Pavlov s Understanding p What did Robert Rescorla & Allan Wagner discover about classical conditioning? Why does an animal learn this association? Be sure to use the terms predictability and expectancy in your explanation.

6 6 2. Alcoholics may be given a drug to put in their alcohol that makes them nauseous. This is called aversive therapy. This technique has limited success. Using Rescorla & Wagner s findings, explain why. 3. Using John Garcia s taste aversion research, fill in the blanks: a) UR: b) US: c) NS: d) CR: e) CS: 4. What were the results of Garcia s taste aversion studies? What conclusions did he draw about the nature of classical conditioning? 5. Describe how Garcia s taste aversion studies were applied to the coyote and wolf problem. Be specific. A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read p : Why is Pavlov s work important? and What have been some applications of classical conditioning? READ Pavlov s Legacy & Applications of Classical Conditioning, p Why is Pavlov s work important? Explain both reasons provided in your text. 2. Using John B. Watson s study with Baby Albert, fill in the blanks: a) UR: b) US: c) NS: d) CR: e) CS: f) generalized stimulus (GS): g) generalized response (GR):

7 7 4. What is the significance of John B. Watson s research with Little Albert? REHEARSE: STOP! Look at this question again. Recite your answer aloud. Check yourself by going back to your answers in this reading guide and/or go back and reread your textbook. Make sure you can answer this question. #1: Do cognitive processes and biological constraints affect classical conditioning? #2: Why is Pavlov s work important? #3: What have been some applications of classical conditioning? REACTION: Do you recognize After surveying these key pp. terms? , Put write a star about (*) by 1 the thing ones you you learned, don t found recognize. interesting Go back or surprising, to your reading or comment guide on or something the textbook that and you make already sure knew. you can identify & explain them. Rescorla & Wagner Contingency Model (expectancy & predictability) John Garcia s taste aversion studies Learning as adaptation John B. Watson Baby or Little Albert Stimulus generalization Ethics in research How do we learn? (pp ) Before reading SURVEY pp Look at the pictures, tables, cartoons, read any quotations and anything else in the margins. A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : What is operant conditioning and how does it differ from classical conditioning? READ Operant Conditioning? (pp ) 1. How is classical conditioning different from operant conditioning? 2. What is respondent behavior? What type of learning is associated with this behavior? 3. What is operant behavior? What type of learning is associated with this behavior? 4. The author suggests that you can distinguish operant from classical conditioning by asking what?

8 8 5. Who is B.F. Skinner? What was his background? What is he known for? 6. What concept did Edward L. Thorndike discover? Describe this law. 7. Read the text that accompanies Figure Describe Thorndike s 1898 experiments. 8. Describe Skinner s operant chamber (or Skinner box ). What was the purpose of this apparatus? 9. Define: shaping 10. The author describes how shaping can be used to train a hungry rat to press a bar. Describe this procedure. 11. Define: successive approximations 12. Describe how a discriminative stimulus is used to help researchers understand what nonverbal organisms perceive.

9 9 A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : What are the basic types of reinforcers? READ Types of Reinforcers (pp ) 1. Define: reinforcer 2. Define: positive reinforcement 3. Give an example of one positive reinforcer discussed in your text. 4. Define: negative reinforcement 5. Give an example of one negative reinforcer discussed in your text. 6. Negative reinforcement is NOT!!!!! 7. What does aversive mean? Fact Check: Positive vs. Negative Reinforcement Think of positive as a + (plus) sign. It means you ADD something (positive doesn t mean good ). Think of negative as a (minus) sign. It means you TAKE something away (negative doesn t mean bad ). *The result? The behavior is STRENGTHENED, ALWAYS!!! 8. What is a primary reinforcer? Give one example from the text. 9. What is a conditioned (also called secondary ) reinforcer? Give one example from the text.

10 What is an immediate reinforcer? Give an example from the text. 11. What is a delayed reinforcer? Give an example from the text. A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : How do reinforcement schedules affect behavior? READ Reinforcement Schedules (pp ) 1. Define: continuous reinforcement 2. Give one example of continuous reinforcement presented in the text. 3. Define: partial (also called intermittent ) reinforcement 4. What is a drawback to partial reinforcement schedules? What is a benefit? 5. Define AND give an example of each partial reinforcement schedule: a) fixed-ratio: b) variable-ratio: c) fixed-interval:

11 11 d) variable-interval: 6. On a fixed-ratio schedule, once conditioned the animal will and will then return to a high rate of responding. 7. The variable-ratio schedule produces because reinforcers increase as.. 8. The fixed-interval schedule produces a choppy stop-start pattern rather than a steady rate of response because. 9. Variable-interval schedules tend to produce because. 10. Read the information provided with Figure 7.13 on p a) Which partial reinforcement schedule produces a higher response rate? b) What type of partial reinforcement schedule produces more consistent responding? A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : How does punishment affect behavior? READ Punishment (pp ) 1. Define: punishment 2. Define and give an example of positive punishment.

12 12 3. Define and give an example of negative punishment. Fact Check: Punishment Think of positive as a + (plus) sign. It means you ADD something (positive doesn t mean good ). Think of negative as a (minus) sign. It means you TAKE something away (negative doesn t mean bad ). *The result? The behavior is WEAKENED, ALWAYS!!! 4. Parents often use punishment with their children. List 4 reasons why punishment may not be effective way to deal with unwanted behavior. 5. What is a time-out. 6. Why does reinforcement tend to be more effective in changing behavior than punishment? A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : Do cognitive processes and biological constraints affect operant conditioning? READ Extending Skinner s Understanding (pp ) 1. Define: cognitive map 2. Define: latent learning 3. How did Tolman s research involving rats running mazes demonstrate that cognition is a part of operant conditioning? (Along with the text, make sure to read the information provided with the bolded term latent learning on p. 312) 4. Explain the difference between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation.

13 5. If you give a child a reward for something they already enjoy doing, what is the danger? WHAT YOU ARE DESCRIBING IS CALLED THE OVERJUSTIFICATION EFFECT! Give an example from the text of how an animal s natural predispositions constrain its capacity for operant conditioning. 7. Describe Breland & Breland study will pigs. How did it demonstrate the constraints of the pig s biological predispositions? 8. Define: instinctive drift A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : How might operant conditioning principles be applied at school, in sports, at work, and at home? READ Applications of Operant Conditioning (pp ) 1. What lesson has operant conditioning taught us about success in these areas? a. At school: b. In sports: c. At work: d. At home: To answer the following multiple choice question, review Table 7.4 on p When Ken kisses Barbie, his heart races. For a month now, Barbie snapped her fingers just before she kissed him. She stopped snapping her fingers, but now whenever Ken hears someone snapping their fingers, his heart begins to race. This is an example of. a. classical conditioning b. operant conditioning c. observational learning d. spontaneous recovery

14 3. Joey, the dog, quickly learns when he scratches at the door, his owner will allow him to go outside to play. This is an example of conditioning. a. operant b. higher-order c. avoidance d. classical 4. Shamir reflexively kicked his leg when the doctor tapped him on the knee. Later, the doctor began saying the word Help and then tapping Shamir on the knee. After forty-five trials of first saying Help followed immediately by tapping the knee, Shamir kicked his leg after hearing the word Help. Shamir has been trained using a. operant conditioning b. observational learning c. classical conditioning d. latent learning 5. Han is fearful of the powerful Jabba. Han becomes fearful when he hears Jabba s how voice, but also becomes fearful when he hears any low voice. What phenomenon best explains Han s tendency to become fearful when hearing any low voice? a. extinction b. spontaneous recovery c. stimulus generalization d. stimulus discrimination 6. Lisa s dog, Rover, began to put the remote under her chair not only during the day but also whenever a bright light was on at night thinking she would probably pat him. What phenomenon best explains Rover s behavior? a. stimulus discrimination b. extinction c. latent learning d. stimulus generalization 7. Baby Abbey was playing with her favorite toy rattle when her mom dropped an armful of pots and pans behind her. The loud noise made her startle and cry. Subsequently, on seeing her favorite rattle, she cries. However, Mom continues to give Baby Abbey her favorite rattle and doesn t drop any more pots and pans. We would expect that Baby Abbey s crying when seeing the rattle would now a. extinguish b. generalize c. continue through intermittent reinforcement d. decrease because of spontaneous recovery 8. Mrs. Whitlock is a huge Lord of the Rings fan and so is her son. When she talks Lord of the Rings to husband, she never gets much response, but she does from her son. So these days, she basically only talks about Lord of the Rings to her son! What phenomenon best explains Mrs. Whitlock s behavior? a. stimulus discrimination b. extinction c. latent learning d. stimulus generalization 14

15 9. Mike loves Q-Mart and shops there often. One day another customer asked Mike if he knew where turkey basters were in the store. Mike immediately gave directions to the exact aisle, even though he never looked for turkey basters himself. Mike has displayed a. insight b. an unconditioned response c. observational learning d. latent learning 10. Researcher successfully taught a raccoon to deposit wooden coins into a metal container for food reinforcement. But soon the raccoon started rubbing the coins together and dipping them (not dropping them) into the container. It was performing the motor program raccoons use to wash food in a stream. The raccoons demonstrated a. latent learning b. cognitive maps c. an unconditioned response d. instinctive drift 15 REHEARSE: STOP! Look at these questions again. Recite your answers aloud. Check yourself by going back to your answers in this reading guide and/or go back and reread your textbook. Make sure you can answer these questions. #1: What is operant conditioning, and how does it differ from classical conditioning? #2: What are the basic types of reinforcers? #3: How do reinforcement schedules affect behavior? #4: How does punishment affect behavior? #5: Do cognitive processes and biological constraints affect operant conditioning? #6: How might operant conditioning principles be applied at school, in sports, at work, and at home? Do you recognize these key terms? Put a star (*) by the ones you don t recognize. Go back to your reading guide or the textbook and make sure you can identify & explain them. Classical conditioning; respondent behavior Operant conditioning; operant behavior B.F. Skinner Edward L. Thorndike Law of effect Operant chamber ( Skinner box ) Shaping; successive approximation Reinforcer Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Primary reinforcer Instinctive drift *Understand each of the following for classical AND operant conditioning: Acquisition Extinction Spontaneous recovery Stimulus generalization Stimulus discrimination Secondary (or conditioned ) reinforcer Immediate vs. delayed reinforcers Continuous vs. partial (or intermittent ) reinforcement schedules Fixed-ratio schedule Variable-ratio schedule Fixed-interval schedule Variable-interval schedule Punishment Positive punishment Negative punishment Edward C. Tolman Cognitive map Latent learning Overjustification effect Intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation Breland & Breland

16 16 How do we learn? (pp ) Before reading SURVEY pp Look at the pictures, tables, cartoons, read any quotations and anything else in the margins. A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : What is observational learning, and how is it enabled by mirror neurons? READ Learning by Observation (pp ) 1. Define: observational learning 2. What is modeling? 3. What are mirror neurons? How do they function? 4. What ability is the theory of mind referring to? How is this ability and mirror neurons tied to autism? 5. What were the results of Bandura s Bobo doll study? A QUESTION to consider BEFORE you read pp : What is the impact of prosocial modeling and of antisocial modeling? READ Prosocial effects (pp ) 1. When are models most effective? 2. As a future parent, should you be concerned about your child watching violence on television? Explain using 1 research finding discussed in the text.

17 17 REHEARSE: STOP! Look at these questions again. Recite your answers aloud. Check yourself by going back to your answers in this reading guide and/or go back and reread your textbook. Make sure you can answer these questions. #1: What is observational learning, and how is it enabled by mirror neurons? #2: What is the impact of prosocial modeling and of antisocial modeling? Do you recognize these key terms? Put a star (*) by the ones you don t recognize. Go back to your reading guide or the textbook and make sure you can identify & explain them. Observational learning Modeling Imitation Giacomo Rizzolatti Mirror neurons Theory of mind Albert Bandura & the Bobo doll experiment Effects of prosocial models Effects of antisocial models

Chaffee Winter 2013 CHAPTER 7. Learning

Chaffee Winter 2013 CHAPTER 7. Learning CHAPTER 7 Learning CHAPTER 7: LEARNING How Do We Learn? Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Extending Pavlov s Understanding Pavlov s Legacy Operant Conditioning Skinner s Experiments Extending

More information

Definition Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience.

Definition Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience. EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Edition) David Myers Chapter 7 How Do We Learn? Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Operant Conditioning Skinner s Experiments Contrasting Classical & Operant Conditioning

More information

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Learning Learning relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Association *We learn by association Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence Aristotle 2000 years

More information

Module 26: How We Learn and Classical Conditioning (pg ) Learning: What does it mean that we learn by association? Habituation: o Example:

Module 26: How We Learn and Classical Conditioning (pg ) Learning: What does it mean that we learn by association? Habituation: o Example: Koch AP Psych Unit VI Reading Guide Learning Module 26: How We Learn and Classical Conditioning (pg. 262-274) Learning: What does it mean that we learn by association? Habituation: Associative Learning:

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience Classical Conditioning Type of learning where a stimulus gains the power to cause a response The stimulus

More information

Chapter 5. Learning Processes. Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning. Behaviorism

Chapter 5. Learning Processes. Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning. Behaviorism Learning Processes Chapter 5 Learning Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning Adaptation to the Environment Learning any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual

More information

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Chapter 7 Learning Learning Learning relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Association We learn by association Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence

More information

Classical Conditioning. Operant Conditioning. Observational Learning

Classical Conditioning. Operant Conditioning. Observational Learning Classical of Adaptation to the Environment any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual s behavior at a future time Adaptation to the Environment the process of learning the

More information

Test Review Chapter 7

Test Review Chapter 7 Name: Test Review Chapter 7 Period: 1. An unconditioned stimulus: A) becomes a response to the conditioned stimulus. B) causes the conditioning to happen. C) is a previously neutral response that becomes

More information

UNIT 6: LEARNING. 6. When the US is presented prior to a neutral stimulus, conditioning DOES NOT (does/does not) occur.

UNIT 6: LEARNING. 6. When the US is presented prior to a neutral stimulus, conditioning DOES NOT (does/does not) occur. UNIT 6: LEARNING HOW DO WE LEARN? OBJECTIVE 1: Define learning, and identify two forms of learning. 1. A relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience is called LEARNING. 2. More

More information

a relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of experience. LEARNING

a relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of experience. LEARNING a relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of experience. LEARNING Learning by association; involves involuntary response & reflexive behavior CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Russian physiologist studying

More information

Behaviorism & Learning. Ivan Pavlov s Neutral and Unconditioned Stimuli/Responses. Acquisition of a Conditioned Response

Behaviorism & Learning. Ivan Pavlov s Neutral and Unconditioned Stimuli/Responses. Acquisition of a Conditioned Response Behaviorism & Learning I. Classical Conditioning A. Ivan Pavlov B. Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) C. Unconditioned Response (UCR) D. Conditioned Stimulus (CS) E. Conditioned Response (CR) F. Major conditioning

More information

LEARNING MEYERS AND DEWALL CHAPTER 6

LEARNING MEYERS AND DEWALL CHAPTER 6 LEARNING MEYERS AND DEWALL CHAPTER 6 LEARNING OVERVIEW HOW DO WE LEARN? CLASSICAL CONDITIONING OPERANT CONDITIONING BIOLOGY, COGNITION, AND LEARNING LEARNING BY OBSERVATION LEARNING Learning the process

More information

LEARNING UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UCR) ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (UCS) CONDITIONED RESPONSE (CR) CLASSICAL CONDITIONING BEHAVIORISM

LEARNING UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UCR) ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (UCS) CONDITIONED RESPONSE (CR) CLASSICAL CONDITIONING BEHAVIORISM LEARNING UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UCR) ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (UCS) CLASSICAL CONDITIONING CONDITIONED RESPONSE (CR) BEHAVIORISM CONDITIONED STIMULUS (CS) EXTINCTION ACQUISITION In

More information

How do we learn? How many of you have to have popcorn when you go to the movies??? Walk on the right side of the hall?

How do we learn? How many of you have to have popcorn when you go to the movies??? Walk on the right side of the hall? Unit 6: Learning Introduction Learning a relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience. Habituation an organism s decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated exposure to it.

More information

Chapter 5: Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning

Chapter 5: Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning Learning Processes Chapter 5: Learning Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning Adaptation to the Environment Learning any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual

More information

Learning Notes. I think this is a fun lesson! Anyone with pets or children has seen how these principles are applied to behavior.

Learning Notes. I think this is a fun lesson! Anyone with pets or children has seen how these principles are applied to behavior. Learning Notes I think this is a fun lesson! Anyone with pets or children has seen how these principles are applied to behavior. Learning is more than taking classes! It changes your behavior and how you

More information

Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning

Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning Chapter Summary Definitions Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience. A stimulus is anything that comes in through your senses.

More information

Learning. Relatively permanent behavior change that is acquired through experience

Learning. Relatively permanent behavior change that is acquired through experience Learning Relatively permanent behavior change that is acquired through experience Learning vs Maturation Not all behavior change is best described as learning Maturation (neuromuscular development) usually

More information

Chapter 6. Chapter 6 Preview. What is Learning? Learning defined

Chapter 6. Chapter 6 Preview. What is Learning? Learning defined Learning defined Chapter 6 Learning and Behavior Analysis Chapter 6 Preview The Study of Learning Classical Conditioning: Learning Predictable Signals Operant Conditioning: Learning About Consequences

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Worth Publishers, 2007 1 Classical Conditioning Module 21 2 Classical Conditioning How Do We Learn? Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments

More information

Learning. Classical Conditioning. Neutral stimulus (NS)- a stimulus that does not cause a response. Before Conditioning

Learning. Classical Conditioning. Neutral stimulus (NS)- a stimulus that does not cause a response. Before Conditioning Term Explanation Application/Example/Extension Classical conditioning is a type of learning where a previously neutral stimulus that is continuously paired with an unconditioned stimulus (a natural stimulus

More information

Learning. Exam 2 Results. Learning. Learning. Definition. Learning. Chapter 8. How Do We Learn? Operant Conditioning. Classical Conditioning

Learning. Exam 2 Results. Learning. Learning. Definition. Learning. Chapter 8. How Do We Learn? Operant Conditioning. Classical Conditioning Exam 2 Results Top Score: 49 Mean: 35.80 Bimodal: 34 and 37 Median: 36 Standard Deviation: 5.81 To calculate your approximate grade, divide 49 by your score. Example: 36/49 = 73.5% = C Chapter 8 1 2 How

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 5 BIG REVIEW CC Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The type of learning in which reflexive behaviors that would automatically

More information

BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE City University of New York Department of Social Sciences

BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE City University of New York Department of Social Sciences BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE City University of New York Department of Social Sciences General Psychology: Psy100-1904 and Psy100-1405 Prof. Zorn, Adjunct Instructor-FALL 2015 Quiz on Chapter

More information

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7 1 Chapter in Review 1. Learning is difficult to define, but most psychologists would agree that: In learning the organism acquires some new knowledge or behavior as a result of experience; learning can

More information

AP Psych Unit 6 Practice Quiz

AP Psych Unit 6 Practice Quiz AP Psych Unit 6 Practice Quiz 1. The most crucial ingredient in all learning is A) shaping. B) modeling. C) experience. D) intrinsic motivation. E) maturation. 2. If a sea slug on repeated occasions receives

More information

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7 1 Chapter Test 1. Knowing how to do something, like drive a car or play a sport, is referred to as a. explicit knowledge b. behavioral knowledge c. procedural knowledge d. implicit knowledge 2. All of

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, 2007 1 Classical Conditioning Module 21 2 Classical Conditioning How Do We Learn?

More information

YOU KNOW YOU ARE READY FOR THE TEST IF YOU ARE ABLE TO

YOU KNOW YOU ARE READY FOR THE TEST IF YOU ARE ABLE TO LEARNING YOU KNOW YOU ARE READY FOR THE TEST IF YOU ARE ABLE TO! Define learning.! Explain what classical conditioning is, how it works, and how it was discovered.! Describe the mechanisms of operant conditioning,

More information

Welcome to Psychology, The First Assessment

Welcome to Psychology, The First Assessment Your first assessment task begins here!! Below you will find some reading about an approach in psychology called behaviourism. This is not the only type of psychology that we will consider but it was one

More information

Learning: Classical Conditioning

Learning: Classical Conditioning How Do We Learn? Learning Learning: Classical Conditioning Chapter 7 One way is through Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Extending Pavlov s Understanding Pavlov s Legacy Psy 12000.003 1 2 Definition

More information

Chapter 5 CC (Classical Conditioning) Practice "Quiz" Name Period Date

Chapter 5 CC (Classical Conditioning) Practice Quiz Name Period Date Chapter 5 CC (Classical Conditioning) Practice "Quiz" Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Conditioned taste aversions

More information

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 10: Operant & Cognitive Approaches. Module 10. Operant & Cognitive Approaches

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 10: Operant & Cognitive Approaches. Module 10. Operant & Cognitive Approaches Module 10 Operant & Cognitive Approaches OPERANT CONDITIONING Thorndike s law of effect states that behaviors followed by positive consequences are strengthened, while behaviors followed by negative consequences

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Quiz Learning Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Graded exposure in imagination to a feared stimulus occurs in. A) exposure B)

More information

Chapter Introduction : Classical Conditioning : Operant Conditioning : Social Learning. Social Learning

Chapter Introduction : Classical Conditioning : Operant Conditioning : Social Learning. Social Learning Chapter Introduction : Classical Conditioning : Operant Conditioning : Social Learning Operant Conditioning Explain how operant conditioning occurs when the consequences that follow a behavior increase

More information

Learning. Chapter Preview. Chapter Guide

Learning. Chapter Preview. Chapter Guide CHAPTER7 Learning Chapter Preview Learning helps us adapt to our environment. Pavlov explored classical conditioning, in which we learn to anticipate events, such as being fed or experiencing pain. In

More information

Unit 6 Learning 7-9%

Unit 6 Learning 7-9% Unit 6 Learning 7-9% Terms Students Make Mistakes On Unit 6 Role Playing and Learning Social Learning Theory Punishment e.g. quite gambling after loss Operant Conditioning Classical Conditioning Observation

More information

Unit VI: Learning. Ms. Justice AP Psychology

Unit VI: Learning. Ms. Justice AP Psychology Unit VI: Learning Ms. Justice AP Psychology 2014-2015 Unit VI - Overview 26 How We Learn & Classical Conditioning 27 Operant Conditioning 28 Operant Conditioning s Applications, and Comparison to Classical

More information

Visualizing Psychology

Visualizing Psychology Visualizing Psychology by Siri Carpenter & Karen Huffman PowerPoint Lecture Notes Presentation Chapter 6: Learning Siri Carpenter, Yale University Karen Huffman, Palomar College Lecture Overview Classical

More information

Behavior modification The use of operant-conditioning techniques to eliminate unwanted behaviors and replace them with desirable ones.

Behavior modification The use of operant-conditioning techniques to eliminate unwanted behaviors and replace them with desirable ones. Acquisition The gradual formation of an association between the conditioned and unconditioned stimuli. (See page 229) Associative learning Linking two stimuli, or events, that occur together. (see page

More information

Chapter Outline. Learning. Ch. 6 Learning and Behavior General Psychology Jeffrey D. Leitzel, Ph.D.

Chapter Outline. Learning. Ch. 6 Learning and Behavior General Psychology Jeffrey D. Leitzel, Ph.D. Ch. 6 Learning and Behavior General Psychology Jeffrey D. Leitzel, Ph.D. Chapter Outline Types of Learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning 2 Learning Learning: Relatively

More information

Psychology Teach Yourself Series Topic 10: Learning Theories

Psychology Teach Yourself Series Topic 10: Learning Theories Psychology Teach Yourself Series Topic 10: Learning Theories A: Level 14, 474 Flinders Street Melbourne VIC 3000 T: 1300 134 518 W: tssm.com.au E: info@tssm.com.au TSSM 2013 Page 1 of 6 Contents Learning

More information

Introduction to Psychology Classical and Operant Learning Quiz

Introduction to Psychology Classical and Operant Learning Quiz Multiple Choice 1 ) Jenna walks into her science class laboratory, and she immediately feels queasy. Today is the day her class is dissecting frogs and she is sickened by the smell of the formaldehyde.

More information

Variable-interval (VI) schedule. Higher-order conditioning. Variable-ratio (VR) schedule. Acquisition. Avoidance learning.

Variable-interval (VI) schedule. Higher-order conditioning. Variable-ratio (VR) schedule. Acquisition. Avoidance learning. Higher-order conditioning Variable-interval (VI) schedule Variable-ratio (VR) schedule Acquisition Antecedents Avoidance learning Behavioural contract Behaviour modification Classical conditioning Conditioned

More information

Psych 101. How do we learn? Ivan Pavlov. Association Learning. Terminology. Association between. Learning. 3 main types. Learning

Psych 101. How do we learn? Ivan Pavlov. Association Learning. Terminology. Association between. Learning. 3 main types. Learning How do we learn? Psych 101 Learning Learning A relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience 3 main types Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Observational learning Association

More information

Types of Learning. Learning. Sensitization. Habituation. Social Learning Imitation or Modeling

Types of Learning. Learning. Sensitization. Habituation. Social Learning Imitation or Modeling Learning Consists of changes in behavior as a result of experience Types of Learning Habituation Sensitization Social Learning, (also called Modeling or Imitation) Classical Conditioning Instrumental Conditioning

More information

Review #8 ( )

Review #8 (  ) Review #8 ( http://www.appsychology.net ) ( Reproduced with Permission from Ben McIlwain [Author] ) Questions 1. Peter sees a TV commercial for a sailboat while he is drinking a thick, rich malt. Which

More information

6. In which of the following may classical conditioning play a role? Page 1

6. In which of the following may classical conditioning play a role? Page 1 1. Which of the following is the best example of the overjustification effect? A) Zeke loses interest in playing baseball after the coach suspends him for a throwing error. B) Bill dislikes doing homework

More information

EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY. (8th Edition) David Myers. PowerPoint Slides by Aneeq Ahmad Modified by Leland Swenson

EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY. (8th Edition) David Myers. PowerPoint Slides by Aneeq Ahmad Modified by Leland Swenson EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition) David Myers PowerPoint Slides by Aneeq Ahmad Modified by Leland Swenson 1 Learning Chapter 7 2 Learning How Do We Learn? Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Extending

More information

Associative learning*

Associative learning* Unit 5: Learning Associative learning*: learning that two events are linked together. Both classical and operant conditioning are types of associative learning. Unit 5: Learning Topic: Classical Conditioning

More information

Study Guide for Learning Evaluation #3 Modules 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25 Dr. Michael Green - General Psychology 2301

Study Guide for Learning Evaluation #3 Modules 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25 Dr. Michael Green - General Psychology 2301 Study Guide for Learning Evaluation #3 Modules 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25 Dr. Michael Green - General Psychology 2301 Module 18 Classical Conditioning Learning relatively permanent change in an organism s

More information

Learning UNIT 6 UNIT PREVIEW UNIT GUIDE

Learning UNIT 6 UNIT PREVIEW UNIT GUIDE UNIT 6 Learning UNIT PREVIEW Learning helps us adapt to our environment. Pavlov explored classical conditioning, in which we learn to anticipate events, such as being fed or experiencing pain. In his famous

More information

3. Which of the following is a fear that persists even when no realistic danger exists? a. unconditioned reaction b. compulsion c. phobia d.

3. Which of the following is a fear that persists even when no realistic danger exists? a. unconditioned reaction b. compulsion c. phobia d. Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Billy's parents beg him not to smoke, but his parents smoke themselves. If Billy continues to smoke, he has been

More information

Programmed Learning Review

Programmed Learning Review Programmed Learning Review L-HO1-121907 Take another sheet of paper and cover the answers located in the right hand column. Then read through the unit filling in the blanks as you go. After filling in

More information

The Adaptive Mind 4/15/15. Reflexes. Instincts. Reflexes are simple, inflexible (we can t stop them), and are not learned through experience.

The Adaptive Mind 4/15/15. Reflexes. Instincts. Reflexes are simple, inflexible (we can t stop them), and are not learned through experience. The Adaptive Mind What Is Classical Conditioning? What Is Operant Conditioning? What Is Observational Learning? Reflexes Reflexes are simple, inflexible (we can t stop them), and are not learned through

More information

Phobias: Irrational fears of specific objects or situations, often the result of a type of learning called classical conditioning

Phobias: Irrational fears of specific objects or situations, often the result of a type of learning called classical conditioning PSYC 1001 Page 1 Chapter 6 Phobias: Irrational fears of specific objects or situations, often the result of a type of learning called classical conditioning Learning: A relatively durable change in behaviour

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning CHAPTER 8 Classical Conditioning 131. A group of ranchers attempts to discourage coyotes from attacking their sheep by placing a substance on the wool of the sheep that makes coyotes violently ill if they

More information

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 9: Classical Conditioning. Module 9. Classical Conditioning

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 9: Classical Conditioning. Module 9. Classical Conditioning Module 9 Classical Conditioning THREE KINDS OF LEARNING 1. Classical conditioning a kind of learning in which a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to produce a response that was originally produced

More information

DEFINITION OF LEARNING LO 5.1 Learning. COGNITIVE LEARNING LO 5.10 Latent learning, helplessness and. Insight

DEFINITION OF LEARNING LO 5.1 Learning. COGNITIVE LEARNING LO 5.10 Latent learning, helplessness and. Insight Links to Objectives DEFINITION OF LEARNING LO 5.1 OPERANT CONDITIONING (Part 2) LO 5.8 ling behavior and resistance LO 5.9 Behavior modification CLASSICAL CONDITIONING LO 5.2 Study of and important elements

More information

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? ClASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? ClASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning How do we Learn? Chapter 6 Learning ClASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? How do you know you ve learned something? 1 Can our beliefs and attitudes be a result of learning??

More information

Theories of Learning

Theories of Learning Theories of Learning Psychology Mrs. Hall This presentation was created following the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia. Certain materials are included under the Fair Use exemption of the

More information

Chapter 7: Learning. Learning. Learning. PSY 110: General Psychology

Chapter 7: Learning. Learning. Learning. PSY 110: General Psychology Chapter 7: Learning PSY 110: General Psychology Learning Monkeys beginning to wash their food before they eat it The rituals that athletes perform before/during contests Birds learning to flutter their

More information

UNIT 6: LEARNING A. SIMPLE FORMS OF LEARNING

UNIT 6: LEARNING A. SIMPLE FORMS OF LEARNING UNIT 6: LEARNING Learning: Stressing the lasting change/permanent Behaviorist Psychologists vs. Cognitive Psychologists Behavioral: Learning only occurs with behavior since they can observe behavior. Cognitive:

More information

Learning: Classical Conditioning

Learning: Classical Conditioning Learning: Classical Conditioning Outline Learning Overview Classical conditioning Ivan Pavlov & his dogs Watson Terminology Applications Transitioning from classical conditioning to operant conditioning

More information

General Psych Learning

General Psych Learning General Psych Learning Classical Conditioning Pavlov Reflexologist skilled surgeon studied reflexes studied digestive reflexes 1904 Nobel Prize in Medicine 20 years studying digestive system Associationism

More information

Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience

Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience 1 Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience What are some ways that you learn? Seeing Doing Associating Other ways? 3 Unlike some animals we are not necessarily born with a

More information

Section One: Classical Conditioning

Section One: Classical Conditioning Operational Definitions Learning Learning Page 1 of 8 o A relatively change in behavior (or behavior potential) due to Behaviorism experience o Research on learning has been influenced by this approach

More information

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning How do we Learn? Chapter 6 Learning CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? How do you know you ve learned something? 1 Can our beliefs and attitudes be a result of learning??

More information

Learning. Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice. Permanent Experience Practice

Learning. Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice. Permanent Experience Practice Learning Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice Permanent Experience Practice Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Russian Physiologist Father= Village Priest Father-in-law=

More information

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 CLASSICAL CONDITIONING LEARNING LEARNING= Is a relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience Some behaviours are learnt, but

More information

Operant Conditioning and Cognitive Learning

Operant Conditioning and Cognitive Learning CHAPTER 9 Operant Conditioning and Cognitive Learning 151. What is one major difference between operant conditioning and classical conditioning? (A) Operant conditioning takes place as a result of some

More information

Slide 1: What is Learning? Learning- a relatively durable change in behavior that is due to experience.

Slide 1: What is Learning? Learning- a relatively durable change in behavior that is due to experience. Slide 1: What is? - a relatively durable change in behavior that is due to experience. Common examples- Language Sports Mastery Social Behavior Reading etc Types of to be studied Observational (Bandura)-

More information

Behavior Management: Beyond the Basics. Joel Vidovic, M.A., BCBA and Lorien Quirk, M.Ed., BCBA

Behavior Management: Beyond the Basics. Joel Vidovic, M.A., BCBA and Lorien Quirk, M.Ed., BCBA Behavior Management: Beyond the Basics Joel Vidovic, M.A., BCBA and Lorien Quirk, M.Ed., BCBA Basic Concepts in Applied Behavior Analysis ABA: A Brief Background The ABA Umbrella Terminology and Definitions

More information

Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs through experience. It is a continuous process. It is a gradual process.

Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs through experience. It is a continuous process. It is a gradual process. Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs through experience. It is a continuous process. It is a gradual process. Process of Learning A stimulus could be an event, situation,

More information

Operant Conditioning. PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers. Module 22

Operant Conditioning. PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers. Module 22 PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, 2007 1 Operant Conditioning Module 22 2 Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning

More information

CALICUT UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION CORE COURSE OF BSc. COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY LEARNING AND BEHAVIOUR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

CALICUT UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION CORE COURSE OF BSc. COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY LEARNING AND BEHAVIOUR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS CALICUT UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION CORE COURSE OF BSc. COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY LEARNING AND BEHAVIOUR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. Learning may be defined as a change in behavior that occurs

More information

Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? learning Conditioning II. Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli Ivan Pavlov

Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? learning Conditioning II. Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli Ivan Pavlov Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? A. Psychologists define learning as a process that produces a relatively enduring change in behavior or knowledge as a result of an individual s experience.

More information

Practice Test Questions

Practice Test Questions Practice Test Questions Multiple Choice 1. To say that learning is demonstrated by changes in behavior is to suggest that a. if we cannot remember something, we did not learn it in the first place. b.

More information

Dr. Wan Lai Yin Sarah Dr. Chan Siu Mui. Hong Kong Institute of Education Department of Psychological Studies

Dr. Wan Lai Yin Sarah Dr. Chan Siu Mui. Hong Kong Institute of Education Department of Psychological Studies Lecture 6 Learning Dr. Wan Lai Yin Sarah Dr. Chan Siu Mui Hong Kong Institute of Education Department of Psychological Studies What is Learning? Classical Conditioning Conditioned Emotional Response Stimulus

More information

Psychology with Mr. Duez UNIT 3 "Learning" LEARNING TARGETS

Psychology with Mr. Duez UNIT 3 Learning LEARNING TARGETS Psychology with Mr. Duez UNIT 3 "Learning" LEARNING TARGETS If you learn only 6 things from this chapter... 1. Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience. 2. Classical

More information

Today. Learning. Learning. What is Learning? The Biological Basis. Hebbian Learning in Neurons

Today. Learning. Learning. What is Learning? The Biological Basis. Hebbian Learning in Neurons Today Learning What is Learning? Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Intro Psychology Georgia Tech Instructor: Dr. Bruce Walker What is Learning? Depends on your purpose and perspective Could be

More information

Chapter 5 Quiz. Name: Date:

Chapter 5 Quiz. Name: Date: Name: Date: Chapter 5 Quiz 1. Psychologists formally define learning as: A) a process that produces a relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge as a result of past experience. B) a process that

More information

7 New reflexes from old. Definitions. Learning and conditioning. New reflexes from old. Classical conditioning

7 New reflexes from old. Definitions. Learning and conditioning. New reflexes from old. Classical conditioning Learning and conditioning John Watson s extreme environmentalism (c. 1913) Give me a dozen healthy infants, wellformed, and my own special world to bring them up in, and I ll guarantee to take any one

More information

Chapter 9. LEARNING: Principals and Applications

Chapter 9. LEARNING: Principals and Applications Chapter 9 LEARNING: Principals and Applications Learning: a relevantly permanent change in behavior that results from experience. Not all behaviors are learned the same way: Dentist Pain Dentist Parents

More information

Practice. PSYCHOLOGY Practice

Practice. PSYCHOLOGY Practice PSYCHOLOGY Practice Practice Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case and then fill

More information

Learning Practice Exam

Learning Practice Exam Learning Practice Exam 1. The most crucial ingredient in all learning is: B. modeling. C. maturation. D. experience. E. continuous reinforcement. 2. By directly experiencing a thunderstorm, we learn that

More information

Class Objectives: How do we Learn? What is Learning? What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning?

Class Objectives: How do we Learn? What is Learning? What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? How do we Learn? Module 18: Basic Learning Concepts and Classical Conditioning Class Objectives: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? What is Learning? Learning anything new involves change.

More information

CHAPTER 6: Learning Prentice Hall Publishing LEARNING. Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning

CHAPTER 6: Learning Prentice Hall Publishing LEARNING. Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning CHAPTER 6: Learning 2004 Prentice Hall Publishing LEARNING Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning LEARNING DEFINING LEARNING The modification through experience of pre-existing

More information

Applying Psychology Lecture 1: Behavioral Approaches to Teaching

Applying Psychology Lecture 1: Behavioral Approaches to Teaching Applying Psychology Lecture 1: Behavioral Approaches to Teaching 1 A. Goals 1. Power of the teacher in T&L This week, did anyone have a teaching/learning experience centered on the issue of control (or

More information

Classical Conditioning. Classical and Operant Conditioning. Basic effect. Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning. Classical and Operant Conditioning. Basic effect. Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Classical and Operant Conditioning January 16, 2001 Reminder of Basic Effect What makes for effective conditioning? How does classical conditioning work? Classical Conditioning Reflex-basic

More information

Introduction to Learning. Chapter 1

Introduction to Learning. Chapter 1 Introduction to Learning Chapter 1 A Definition of Learning Learning is: An experiential process Resulting in a relatively permanent change Not explained by temporary states, maturation, or innate response

More information

Chapter 6 Learning Objectives with SubQuestions

Chapter 6 Learning Objectives with SubQuestions Chapter 6 Learning Objectives with SubQuestions #1) Describe Pavlov's demonstration of classical conditioning and the key elements in this form of learning (pp 170 171) What is classical conditioning?

More information

Chapter 7 Learning and conditioning

Chapter 7 Learning and conditioning Chapter 7 Learning and conditioning Watson s s extreme environmentalism Give me a dozen healthy infants, well- formed, and my own special world to bring them up in, and I ll I guarantee to take any one

More information

Learning Behaviorism Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning conditional reflex conditioned reflex unconditioned reflex

Learning Behaviorism Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning conditional reflex conditioned reflex unconditioned reflex Chapter 6 Learning Learning is defined as any relatively permanent change in behavior that is based upon experience. It is an area of psychology that seems simple to evaluate but is in fact quite complex.

More information

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning How do we Learn? Chapter 6 Learning CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? How do you know you ve learned something? 1 Can our beliefs and attitudes be a result of learning??

More information

Skinner and Operant Conditioning. Slide One:

Skinner and Operant Conditioning. Slide One: Skinner and Operant Conditioning Slide One: Two characteristics help us distinguish between the two forms of associative learning. As you learned in classical conditioning, the organism learns associations

More information

Learning. Association. Association. Operant Conditioning. Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning. Chapter 8-Learning. ! Learning to associate two events

Learning. Association. Association. Operant Conditioning. Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning. Chapter 8-Learning. ! Learning to associate two events Chapter 8-Learning Learning 1. Discuss the importance of learning and the process of learning associations. 2. Describe the general process of classical conditioning as demonstrated by Pavlov s experiments.

More information

Definition of learning. Modules Learning. Vocabulary. Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Learning by Observation

Definition of learning. Modules Learning. Vocabulary. Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Learning by Observation Modules 18-19-20 Learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Learning by Observation Vocabulary Stimulus (Plural: Stimuli): an agent (as an environmental change) that directly influences the activity

More information