Polymers from renewable resources: state of the art and perspectives. Part 1

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Polymers from renewable resources: state of the art and perspectives. Part 1"

Transcription

1 Polymers from renewable resources: state of the art and perspectives. Part 1 Mariastella Scandola Dipartimento di Chimica G. Ciamician, Università di Bologna

2 Sustainable development: "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs World Commission on Environment and Development s (the Brundtland Commission) report Our Common Future (1987) problems associated with the intensive use of oil global warming (greenhouse gas, ozone depletion) fossil resources depletion Use of renewable resources

3 (2006) L.Shen, J.Haufe,M.K.Patel Product overview and market projection of emerging bio-based plastics, PRO-BIP, final report (June 2009)

4 Scientific publications Patents Bio-based polymers (from Web of Science)

5 Production of Bio-based polymers Directly from agro-resources by extraction/separation through biotechnology (fermentation) POLYMER Ex: cellulose, starch, natural ruber Organic synthesis monomers (building blocks) POLYMER Ex: bacterial polyesters POLYMER Ex: polyamides, poleysters, PE, PET

6 Quantification of Bio-based Carbon ASTM D6866: Standard Test Methods for Determining the Biobased Content of Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous Samples Using Radiocarbon Analysis

7 Production of Bio-based polymers Directly from agro-resources by extraction/separation through biotechnology (fermentation) POLYMER Ex: cellulose, starch, natural ruber Organic synthesis monomers (building blocks) POLYMER Ex: bacterial polyesters POLYMER Ex: polyamides, poleysters, PE, PET

8 Historically, industrially exploited biopolymers cellulosics natural rubber

9 Production of Bio-based polymers Directly from agro-resources by extraction/separation through biotechnology (fermentation) POLYMER Ex: cellulose, starch, natural ruber Organic synthesis monomers (building blocks) POLYMER Ex: bacterial polyesters POLYMER Ex: polyamides, poleysters, PE, PET

10 60-year-old polymer Polyamide 11 (nylon11) PA11 Ricinus communis Oil 11-aminoundecanoic acid Polyamide 11: resists swelling when exposed to water highly resistant to hydrocarbons is used to make: gas distribution pipes natural gas pipelines pressure barriers for offshore oil pipelines fuel tanks and air brake hoses.

11 Production of Bio-based polymers Directly from agro-resources by extraction/separation through biotechnology (fermentation) POLYMER Ex: cellulose, starch, natural ruber Organic synthesis monomers (building blocks) POLYMER Ex: bacterial polyesters POLYMER Ex: polyamides, poleysters, PE, PET

12 Bacterial polyesters Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) intracellular granules (biosynthesized as C and energy source) Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) homopolymer (highly crystalline) (T g = 0 C, T m = 175 C) -(O-CH-CH 2 -CO) n - CH 3

13 PHAs -(O-CH-CH 2 -CO) n - R where R = (CH 2 ) m -CH 3 with m = 0 8 some microorganisms are very versatile bioreactors for the synthesis of PHA copolymers properties greatly change with unit type and composition High modulus rigid materials rubbers > 100 different monomers incorporated in PHAs (research!) Steinbuchel, A.; Valentin, H. E. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 1995, 128,

14 Production of Bio-based polymers Directly from agro-resources by extraction/separation through biotechnology (fermentation) POLYMER Ex: cellulose, starch, natural ruber Organic synthesis monomers (building blocks) POLYMER Ex: bacterial polyesters POLYMER Ex: polyamides, poleysters, PE, PET

15 Monomer from biomass fermentation (100% % bio-based ) + (x % bio-based )

16 PLA 2 configurations: D, L (from fermentation: L monomer) P(L)LA (homopolymer) chain regularity can crystallize Tg = 60 C Tm = 175 C P(D,L)LA (copolymer) chain irregularity crystallization inhibited

17 T melting amount of crystal phase T melting function of D-unit content D.W. Grijpma, A.J. Pennings, Makromol Chem. Phys PLA a large polymer family

18 P(L)LA P(D)LA Tm = 170 C + Tm = 230 C

19 GLOBAL POLYLACTIC ACID (PLA) MARKET SHARE FOR 2012 % BREAKDOWN BY END-USER Market Research Report Polylactic Acid (PLA) - A Global Market Watch,

20 FEEDSTOCK historically alternative Strong debate: food conflict?? alternative feedstocks

21 Bio-ethylene combustion to produce heat fertilizer

22 Green-PE Green polyethylene plant (200kt/year) (September 2010, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul) Up to 400kt/year in 2015 each ton of green polyethylene removes 2.5 tons of CO 2 from the atmosphere JV Announced production:350kt/year in 2015 (Brazil) Many large companies interested in the bioethylene business

23 Paulien F. H. Harmsen et al.biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref. 8: (2014) R&D

24 R&D

25 Bio-3HP (3-hydroxypropionic acid) Bio-acrylic acid + +

26 Bio-based monomers for rubbers Genetically modified microorganisms grow on glucose, sucrose, glycerol or plant oils to produce Bio-isoprene (MacGregor Campbell, New Scientist, 29 March 2010)

27 Routes to bio-based rubbers

28 Bio-based rubbers Goodyear and Genencor (part of DuPont ) Michelin and Amyris bio-isoprene Bridgestone Corp. and Ajinomoto Co., Inc. Lanxess and GEVO bio isobutylene Eni/Versalis and Genomatica bio-butadiene

29 Monomer from biomass fermentation (100% % bio-based ) + (x % bio-based )

30 bio-based di-amine/di-acid for Nylons 1,5 pentamethylenediamine monomer Sebacic acid (C10)

31 Bio-based Polyamides

32 Bio-PDO (1,3-propandiol) in nature: 2 microorganisms Products: Susterra TM, Zemea TM by genetic engineering a single bacterium (E.coli)

33 Polymers from Bio-PDO HO C OH C C 1,3-Propanediol (3G) + HO O C C O OH Terephthalatic Acid O O C O C C C C C C O C O O Polypropylene terephthalate (3GT) O O C 3GT (Sorona ) DuPont HO C C OH + HO C O O C OH Terephthalatic Acid O C C O C O PET OR 2GT (polyester) O C O C O C C O C O Polyethylene terephthalate (PET, 2GT) Sorona fibres Sorona EP engineering plastics applications (electric, electronic connectors, housings)

34 Bio-succinic acid Glucose Enzymatic process Recombinant E.coli in anaerobic conditions succinic acid plant (France, 3000 ton/year) (350,000 liter commercial-scale fermenter) BioAmber and Mitsui & Co joint venture to build a bio-succinic plant in Ontario 30kton/year (2014)

35

36 Bio-PET??? Ethylene glycol from bio-ethanol.ok Bio-routes to terephthalic acid Terephtalic acid??? «BioForming process for converting plant-based sugars and agricultural residues into a full range of products» The first commercial plant paraxylene (PX). Production capacity - from 30kt/year to 225 kt/year CH 3 O OH O 2 2 -H O CH 3 O OH Paraxylene is converted into Terephthalic Acid

37 Bio-routes to terephthalic acid Converting fermentation-derived isobutanol to paraxylene by using traditional chemical processes: 1. dehydration 2. dimerization 3. cyclization Commercial production of bio-paraxylene expexted

38 More green routes to terephthalic acid single-step catalytic fast pyrolysis process to convert biomass to benzene, toluene and xylene; convertion of sugar-based muconic acid to phtalic acic patent - production of para-xylene from terpenes (i.e. limonene from citrus fruits) biomass gasification and "syngas-to-green" patented processing up to 80% aromatics.

39 Furan dicarboxylic acid as an alternative to terephthalic acid New sugar-based 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA), which can be reacted with EG to make polyethylene furanoate (PEF), as an alternative to PET resin PEF bottle (better oxygen and carbon dioxide barrier than PET) Commercial production of FDCA and PEF

40 (Plant Bottle: 2014 Sustainable Bio Awards) Multi-million dollar partnership agreements with Virent, Gevo and Avantium

41 Bio-based polymer Biodegradability??? EN plastic product compostability ASTM D (2003) Standard Test Method for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials Under Controlled Composting Conditions ASTM D Standard Specification for Compostable Plastics Etc.

42 ASTM definition Biodegradable plastic: a degradable plastic in which the degradation results from the action of naturally-occurring micro-organisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae. POLYMER fragments CO 2 enzyme outside of the cell FRAGMENT within the cell (mineralization) BIOMASS, H 2 O, CO 2 and/or CH 4

43 L.Shen, J.Haufe,M.K.Patel Product overview and market projection of emerging bio-based plastics, PRO-BIP, final report (June 2009)

44 A very misleading definition!!!

45 Conclusions

46 Bio-based polymers Org. Biomol. Chem. 2014, 12, Polym. Deg. Stab. 2013, ACS Macro Lett. 2013, 2, Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2013, 214, Green Chem. 2014, 16,

47 Expected remarkable growth

48

49 Bio-based sustainable?

50 Life cycle assessment for bio-based polymers is DIFFICULT! cradle-to-gate RESOURCES - Fossil - Renewable PRODUCTION + MANUFACTURE USE DISPOSAL cradle-to-grave cradle-to-cradle LCA data are mostly ONLY cradle-to gate (lack of data after company gate!)

51 Trends (sustainability) Synthesis of traditional polymers using bio-based building blocks (saving oil resources, carbon footprint ) Synthesis of new polymers from bio-resources with additional functionalities for specific applications (health, agriculture, marine ecc.) Optimization of bio-based polymers production processes aimed at drastic cost reduction Innovation in feedstock Selection of uncommon non-food crops to be cultivated in lowfertility abandoned land (land recovery) Use of waste (waste valorization!) Interest towards the use of gas as feedstock alternative to biomass

Bio-based polymers. Irina Voevodina, Andrej Kržan

Bio-based polymers. Irina Voevodina, Andrej Kržan Bio-based polymers Irina Voevodina, Andrej Kržan 1 Recently great attention is given to the concept of sustainable development. The most widely accepted definition of sustainable development is development

More information

Lecture 3: Biodegradable Polymers

Lecture 3: Biodegradable Polymers 4A3 Advanced Polymer Synthesis Lecture 3: Biodegradable Polymers 4A3 - Slide 40 Learning outcomes By the end of todays lecture you should be able to: (i) discuss what biodegradability means, and why it

More information

Grön plast -- polyeten från biomassa

Grön plast -- polyeten från biomassa Grön plast -- polyeten från biomassa BIOPLAST DTU 17 February 2009 Thomas Hjertberg Chalmers / Borealis Why produce polymers from renewable feed stock? 1. Decrease the oil dependence; price & availability

More information

Consumer Products Made with Industrial Biotechnology

Consumer Products Made with Industrial Biotechnology s Made with Industrial Biotechnology Consumer Bread Potassium bromate, a suspected cancer-causing agent at certain levels, added as a preservative and a dough strengthening agent microorganisms produces

More information

BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Giovanni CAMINO Politecnico of Torino, Alessandria Campus giovanni.camino@polito.it CONTENTS Biosourcing definition and measurement Sustainability and Life Cycle

More information

Bio renewable Resources Platform. Ton Runneboom, Chairman

Bio renewable Resources Platform. Ton Runneboom, Chairman Bio renewable Resources Platform Ton Runneboom, Chairman Sustainable Economy A Bio-based Economy(BBE) is a subset of a sustainable economy UN definition for sustainable development: Development which meets

More information

Renewables-based Chemicals

Renewables-based Chemicals Renewables-based Chemicals From raw material opportunities to increased performance Markus Piepenbrink, Global New Business Development, Chemical Intermediates BASF BASF We create chemistry Our chemistry

More information

Process Technology. Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues

Process Technology. Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues Process Technology Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues The INEOS Bio process technology produces carbon-neutral bioethanol

More information

Plast fra skogen? Gudbrand Rødsrud Teknologidirektør Forretningsutvikling Borregaard AS

Plast fra skogen? Gudbrand Rødsrud Teknologidirektør Forretningsutvikling Borregaard AS Plast fra skogen? Gudbrand Rødsrud Teknologidirektør Forretningsutvikling Borregaard AS Borregaard is the world s most advanced biorefinery Integrated production system serving diverse markets WOOD 1000

More information

ThyssenKrupp Industrial Solutions

ThyssenKrupp Industrial Solutions Webinar Presentation Opportunities and Risks for an Engineering Company in the Bioeconomie 16th March 2015 Agenda 1 Short Presentation of TKIS-PT 2 Talking about the challenge to get biobased Processes

More information

Duurzame Bindmiddelen voor de Verfindustrie

Duurzame Bindmiddelen voor de Verfindustrie Duurzame Bindmiddelen voor de Verfindustrie Dr. Dirk Mestach R&D Manager Wood Decorative & Construction EMEA Studiemiddag: Green, Biobased, LCA Dinsdag 28 mei 2013, Nieuwegein INTRODUCTION The Coatings

More information

Sugarcane Polyolefins Adding value through the use of I m green Polyethylene. Marco Jansen January 2014

Sugarcane Polyolefins Adding value through the use of I m green Polyethylene. Marco Jansen January 2014 Sugarcane Polyolefins Adding value through the use of I m green Polyethylene Marco Jansen January 2014 AGENDA Braskem overview Brazil unique framework for green chemistry development Sugar cane based polyethylene:

More information

GCSE Additional Science

GCSE Additional Science GCSE Additional Science Module B4 The processes of life: What you should know Name: Science Group: Teacher: R.A.G. each of the statements to help focus your revision: R = Red: I don t know this A = Amber:

More information

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department B4 The Processes of Life B4 Key Questions How do chemical reactions take place in living things? How do plants make food? How do living organisms obtain energy? How do chemical reactions take place in

More information

Life Sciences and Materials Sciences Back to the Bio-based Future

Life Sciences and Materials Sciences Back to the Bio-based Future Life Sciences and Materials Sciences Back to the Bio-based Future Volkert Claassen VP DSM Biobased Products and Services Roundtable, November 29, 2010 Safe Harbor Statement This presentation may contain

More information

Biodegradable polymers and plastics. Andrej Kržan

Biodegradable polymers and plastics. Andrej Kržan Biodegradable polymers and plastics Andrej Kržan 1 Plastics are typically composed of artificial synthetic polymers. Their structure is not naturally occurring, so plastics are not biodegradable. Based

More information

Briefing Paper: What are Conversion Technologies? November 2011 Primary Author: Bob Barrows

Briefing Paper: What are Conversion Technologies? November 2011 Primary Author: Bob Barrows Briefing Paper: What are Conversion Technologies? November 2011 Primary Author: Bob Barrows What are conversion technologies? The term conversion technology encompasses a broad range of technologies used

More information

BIOPLASTICS & SUSTAINABILITY

BIOPLASTICS & SUSTAINABILITY BIOPLASTICS & SUSTAINABILITY Seminar Biobased Food Packaging FRANCOIS DE BIE 6/29/2015 Corbion Purac PLA cradle to cradle lifecycle 2 Bioplastics in the market today Albert Heijn Flex Pack 100% PLA Coca-Cola

More information

Fact sheet on bioplastics

Fact sheet on bioplastics Fact sheet on bioplastics March 2009 Bioplastics are increasingly in the news in the packaging sphere as they add new features to the diverse spectrum of plastics materials. Their development is linked

More information

glare control fabrics manufactured from plants THE FIRST SUNSCREEN FABRIC IN THE WORLD WITH CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED GOLD

glare control fabrics manufactured from plants THE FIRST SUNSCREEN FABRIC IN THE WORLD WITH CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED GOLD glare control fabrics manufactured from plants THE FIRST SUNSCREEN FABRIC IN THE WORLD WITH CRADLE TO CRADLE CERTIFIED GOLD M + N PROJECTEN HAS DEVELOPED A NEW GENERATION OF GLARE CONTROL FABRICS THAT

More information

Green chemistry, green materials a knowledge and innovation agenda

Green chemistry, green materials a knowledge and innovation agenda Green chemistry, green materials a knowledge and innovation agenda Herman van Wechem Scientific and Technological Committee for the Biobased Economy (WTC) KIVI NIRIA jaarcongres Slim Materiaalgebruik Delft,

More information

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels From Biomass NREL Leads the Way to Biofuels The Wide World of Biofuels Fuel Source Benefits Maturity Grain/Sugar Ethanol Biodiesel Corn, sorghum, and sugarcane Vegetable oils, fats, and greases Produces

More information

I M GREEN TM POLYETHYLENE INNOVATION AND DIFFERENTIATION FOR YOUR PRODUCT

I M GREEN TM POLYETHYLENE INNOVATION AND DIFFERENTIATION FOR YOUR PRODUCT may/2014 imgreen@braskem.com www.braskem.com I M GREEN TM POLYETHYLENE INNOVATION AND DIFFERENTIATION FOR YOUR PRODUCT and be innovative I m green TM Polyethylene: biopolymer that offers versatility and

More information

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Biorefineries International status quo and future directions Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Contents 1. Biobased Economy 2. Biorefineries - Definition 3. Biorefineries - Categories 4. Biorefineries - Objective

More information

PROESA TECHNOLOGY. Break-through Technology for Producing Advanced Bio-Fuels and Renewable Chemicals from Cellulosic Biomass.

PROESA TECHNOLOGY. Break-through Technology for Producing Advanced Bio-Fuels and Renewable Chemicals from Cellulosic Biomass. PROESA TECHNOLOGY Break-through Technology for Producing Advanced Bio-Fuels and Renewable Chemicals from Cellulosic Biomass September 2012 PROESA: A Proven Technology.. Commercially Viable Today Not a

More information

What is biodegradation? What are the different types of degradable plastics? What is oxo-biodegradation?

What is biodegradation? What are the different types of degradable plastics? What is oxo-biodegradation? What is biodegradation? Biodegradation is the process by which organic substances are broken down by living organisms (96% of Bacteria are aerobic - active in the presence of oxygen). There is therefore

More information

Gasification: An Old Technology for a New Use

Gasification: An Old Technology for a New Use Gasification: An Old Technology for a New Use Sponsored by: Joel Tallaksen, Biomass Coordinator West Central Research & Outreach Center, University of Minnesota Fueling the Future: The Role of Woody and

More information

BREAD4PLA PROJECT. Demonstration plant project to produce Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA) biopolymer from waste products of bakery industry

BREAD4PLA PROJECT. Demonstration plant project to produce Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA) biopolymer from waste products of bakery industry BREAD4PLA PROJECT Demonstration plant project to produce Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA) biopolymer from waste products of bakery industry Reducing plastic waste through the obtaining of 100% biodegradable and

More information

Bioremediation of Petroleum Contamination. Augustine Ifelebuegu GE413

Bioremediation of Petroleum Contamination. Augustine Ifelebuegu GE413 Bioremediation of Petroleum Contamination Augustine Ifelebuegu GE413 Bioremediation Bioremediation is the use of living microorganisms to degrade environmental contaminants in the soil and groundwater

More information

Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals

Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Biotechnology Industry Organization 1201 Maryland Ave. SW, Suite 900 Washington, DC 20024 Genencor, a Division of Danisco, Partners With

More information

production combination is ethanol (low value) and succinic acid (high value), together with acetic acid and electricity as co-products.

production combination is ethanol (low value) and succinic acid (high value), together with acetic acid and electricity as co-products. Summary The increasing world energy demand, depletion and unequal distribution of fossil resources, and the dangers caused by climate change are the driving forces for the development of alternative energy

More information

Fiber Recycling in the United States

Fiber Recycling in the United States Fiber Recycling in the United States Youjiang Wang School of Materials Science & Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0295 USA Abstract Due to the growth in world population

More information

Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems.

Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems. Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems. Thermal energy: Biomass Boilers Heat Networks Biomass CHP Electrical energy: Anaerobic Digestion

More information

Feasibility Studies for Integrated Process for Generation of Electricity, Alcohol & other products from Sugarcane (Bagasse) and Agricultural Residues

Feasibility Studies for Integrated Process for Generation of Electricity, Alcohol & other products from Sugarcane (Bagasse) and Agricultural Residues Feasibility Studies for Integrated Process for Generation of Electricity, Alcohol & other products from Sugarcane (Bagasse) and Agricultural Residues (A brief presentation on an Environmentally Friendly

More information

Bio-based polymers - Production capacity will triple from 3.5 million tonnes in 2011 to nearly 12 million tonnes in 2020

Bio-based polymers - Production capacity will triple from 3.5 million tonnes in 2011 to nearly 12 million tonnes in 2020 Press release long version nova-institute GmbH (www.nova-institute.eu) Hürth, 6 March 2013 Institute for Ecology and Innovation Bio-based polymers - Production capacity will triple from 3.5 million tonnes

More information

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion AALTO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY KE-40.4120 Introduction to biorefineries and biofuels Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion Aino Siirala 309141 Assignment submitted

More information

PLA bioplastics A SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTOR TO GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY. corbion.com/bioplastics

PLA bioplastics A SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTOR TO GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY. corbion.com/bioplastics PLA bioplastics A SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTOR TO GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY corbion.com/bioplastics Why bioplastics? Safer and more friendly for our planet PLA is made from renewable, biobased resources and has

More information

How to build a comprehensive knowledge platform in Norway Opportunities through cooperation Potential for a "Norwegian BIC"

How to build a comprehensive knowledge platform in Norway Opportunities through cooperation Potential for a Norwegian BIC Biorefinery / Biobased Economy How to build a comprehensive knowledge platform in Norway Opportunities through cooperation Potential for a "Norwegian BIC" Realising the potential of Biorefinery related

More information

DOE Office of Biological & Environmental Research: Biofuels Strategic Plan

DOE Office of Biological & Environmental Research: Biofuels Strategic Plan DOE Office of Biological & Environmental Research: Biofuels Strategic Plan I. Current Situation The vast majority of liquid transportation fuel used in the United States is derived from fossil fuels. In

More information

Business strategy: dal progetto Pro.E.Sa agli investimenti per la realizzazione degli impianti

Business strategy: dal progetto Pro.E.Sa agli investimenti per la realizzazione degli impianti Business strategy: dal progetto Pro.E.Sa agli investimenti per la realizzazione degli impianti Business strategy: from the Pro.E.Sa project to the investments for plants constructions Ing. Dario Giordano,

More information

Developing a New Value Chain for Renewables-based Chemicals. Dr. Cordula Mock-Knoblauch, Global New Business Development Chemical Intermediates

Developing a New Value Chain for Renewables-based Chemicals. Dr. Cordula Mock-Knoblauch, Global New Business Development Chemical Intermediates Developing a New Value Chain for Renewables-based Chemicals Dr. Cordula Mock-Knoblauch, Global New Business Development Chemical Intermediates San Diego, April 2016 BASF We create chemistry Our chemistry

More information

CHAPTER 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION: HARVESTING CHEMICAL ENERGY. Section C: Related Metabolic Processes

CHAPTER 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION: HARVESTING CHEMICAL ENERGY. Section C: Related Metabolic Processes CHAPTER 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION: HARVESTING CHEMICAL ENERGY Section C: Related Metabolic Processes 1. Fermentation allows some cells to produce ATP without the help of oxygen 2. Glycolysis and the Krebs

More information

Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste

Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste Waste - Resources on the wrong way Jens Ejbye Schmidt Head of programme NRG Biomass & Bioenergy Biosystem Division Risø The Technical University

More information

Biomass gasification development of attractive business cases

Biomass gasification development of attractive business cases Biomass gasification development of attractive business cases Gasification: a versatile technology converting biomass to produce synfuels, heat and power The BRISK Open Workshop / TOTEM 40 Jaap Kiel Delft,

More information

Background on Biodegradable Additives

Background on Biodegradable Additives Background on Biodegradable Additives This document summarizes the Biodegradable Products Institute s comments on the use of additives to promote biodegradation in traditional polymers, such as PE, PP,

More information

BIOMASS TO BIOGAS IN RURAL AREAS

BIOMASS TO BIOGAS IN RURAL AREAS BIOMASS TO BIOGAS IN RURAL AREAS PhD Carmen MATEESCU National Research and Development Institute for Electrical Engineering ICPE-CA, Splaiul Unirii no. 313, Bucharest-3, Postal Code 030138, Romania carmen.mateescu@icpe-ca.ro

More information

GDChVCW Konferenz February 28, 2013

GDChVCW Konferenz February 28, 2013 GDChVCW Konferenz February 28, 2013 VON MEGATRENDS ZU INNOVATIVER CHEMIE Public Martin Vollmer Group Technology Services 28.02.2013 2 Table of Contents Facts & Figures, Clariant s Businesses 3 Megatrends

More information

Oxo-Biodegradable Products: Buyers Beware. Eco-Cycle, Inc. Boulder, Colorado Copyright 2011 Eco-Cycle, Inc.

Oxo-Biodegradable Products: Buyers Beware. Eco-Cycle, Inc. Boulder, Colorado Copyright 2011 Eco-Cycle, Inc. Oxo-Biodegradable Products: Buyers Beware Eco-Cycle, Inc. Boulder, Colorado Copyright 2011 Eco-Cycle, Inc. Definitions Degradable: will fragment into smaller pieces Biodegradable: can be metabolized by

More information

Market study and Database on Bio-based Polymers in the World Capacities, Production and Applications: Status Quo and Trends towards 2020

Market study and Database on Bio-based Polymers in the World Capacities, Production and Applications: Status Quo and Trends towards 2020 Market study and Database on Bio-based Polymers in the World Capacities, Production and Applications: Status Quo and Trends towards PP PE PC -like PVC Propylene MEG PMMA Vinyl Chloride Ethylene Methyl

More information

Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Renewable Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biofuels

Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Renewable Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biofuels Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Renewable Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biofuels 2013Biotechnology IndustryOrganization, 1201 Maryland Ave. SW, Suite 900, Washington, DC 20024 DuPont Partners With

More information

BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS: PLASTICS ALIGNED WITH NATURE

BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS: PLASTICS ALIGNED WITH NATURE BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS PLASTICS ALIGNED WITH NATURE INFORMATIONAL - EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL FOR TEACHERS AND LABORATORY ASSISTANTS OF CHEMISTRY AT PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS Maša Šprajcar, Petra Horvat,

More information

Introduction to our Business in Valmet. Marita Niemelä VP, Strategy Pulp & Energy 20 August 2014

Introduction to our Business in Valmet. Marita Niemelä VP, Strategy Pulp & Energy 20 August 2014 Introduction to our Business in Valmet Marita Niemelä VP, Strategy Pulp & Energy 20 August 2014 Valmet in brief Metso Demerger Two independent stock listed companies Metso is a global supplier of technology

More information

Biofuels for Transportation. Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering

Biofuels for Transportation. Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering Biofuels for Transportation Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering Why Biofuels? Besides electricity, transport is the biggest CO 2 emitter in South Africa Due to Sasol s coal processes

More information

Product sustainability in the water based polymers industry

Product sustainability in the water based polymers industry Product sustainability in the water based polymers industry The VINAVIL case Marco Cerra Vinavil S.p.A. R&S ITALIAN SITUATION : IMAGE OF CHEMISTRY Chemistry is not perceived today as sustainable for three

More information

how green Copyright 2000 Scientific American, Inc.

how green Copyright 2000 Scientific American, Inc. how green It is now technologically possible to make plastics using green plants rather than nonrenewable fossil fuels. But are these new plastics the environmental saviors researchers have hoped for?

More information

Commercial Applications of Synthetic Biology. David Berry, MD PhD Partner, Flagship Ventures

Commercial Applications of Synthetic Biology. David Berry, MD PhD Partner, Flagship Ventures Commercial Applications of Synthetic Biology David Berry, MD PhD Partner, Flagship Ventures Flagship Ventures: Return on Entrepreneurial Innovation FSV I Therapeutics Medical Technologies CleanTech/Energy

More information

Renewable energy in transport

Renewable energy in transport Renewable energy in transport Source: http://worldwideed.staradvertiserblogs.com/2009/11/23/fun-day-monday-free-transport-from-naia-airport World transport energy use is growing rapidly Source: IEA Energy

More information

Sustainable Plastics with Reduced Carbon Footprint & Reduced Waste

Sustainable Plastics with Reduced Carbon Footprint & Reduced Waste Sustainable Plastics with Reduced Carbon Footprint & Reduced Waste Joseph P. Greene California State University, Chico Chico, CA 95929-0789 Abstract Plastic products can be made more sustainable by reducing

More information

Converting waste to a high value biodegradable plastic. Dr Kevin O Connor School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science

Converting waste to a high value biodegradable plastic. Dr Kevin O Connor School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science Converting waste to a high value biodegradable plastic Dr Kevin O Connor School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science Sustainability and eco innovation Sustainability..meet the needs of the present without

More information

LCA EXPERIENCE IN THE FIELD OF RECYCLING OF PLASTICS FROM ELECTRONIC WASTE

LCA EXPERIENCE IN THE FIELD OF RECYCLING OF PLASTICS FROM ELECTRONIC WASTE LCA EXPERIENCE IN THE FIELD OF RECYCLING OF PLASTICS FROM ELECTRONIC WASTE B. DeBenedetti, L. Maffia, G.L. Baldo 2 Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

More information

The U.S. Industry Perspective on Assessing Sustainability of Bio-based Products

The U.S. Industry Perspective on Assessing Sustainability of Bio-based Products The U.S. Industry Perspective on Assessing Sustainability of Bio-based Products The World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology & Bioprocessing June 29, 2010 Rina Singh, PhD Director Policy Industrial and

More information

THE PRACTICAL, PROVEN PATH TO GREEN ENERGY. RTP rapid thermal processing from Envergent Technologies

THE PRACTICAL, PROVEN PATH TO GREEN ENERGY. RTP rapid thermal processing from Envergent Technologies THE PRACTICAL, PROVEN PATH TO GREEN ENERGY. RTP rapid thermal processing from Envergent Technologies RTP CONVERTS BIOMASS TO PYROLYSIS OIL FAST. Less than two seconds. That s all the time it takes to convert

More information

C1 Crude Oil Quiz. A reaction between oxygen and a fuel that releases energy.

C1 Crude Oil Quiz. A reaction between oxygen and a fuel that releases energy. C1 Crude Oil Quiz 1. What is combustion? A reaction between oxygen and a fuel that releases energy. 2. Which pollutant gases are produced during the combustion of fossil fuels? Particulates, carbon dioxide,

More information

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND CHEMICAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY- Petrochemicals -C. R. Deddis

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND CHEMICAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY- Petrochemicals -C. R. Deddis PETROCHEMICALS C. R. Deddis BP Exploration Operating Company Ltd., UK Keywords: Petrochemicals, hydrocarbons, natural gas, cracking, olefins, aromatics, polymers, fibers. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Petrochemicals

More information

Biogas Advantages Beyond Green Energy

Biogas Advantages Beyond Green Energy Biogas Advantages Beyond Green Energy Contract No. IEE/09/848 SI2.558364 Project duration 01/05/2010 31/10/2012 Sustainable Biogas Market Development in Central and Eastern Europe Bucharest, 06/04/2011

More information

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 Technological and Environmental Impacts Evaluation of Biomass and Biofuels Supply Chain Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 1 Optimisation of Production Systems Lab 2 Soft Energy Applications

More information

Carbon Balance, Respiration and Environment. K. Raja Reddy

Carbon Balance, Respiration and Environment. K. Raja Reddy Carbon Balance, Respiration and Environment K. Raja Reddy Krreddy@pss.msstate.edu Carbon Balance, Respiration and Environment Goals and learning objectives are to: Understand the respiration costs associated

More information

Balancing chemical reaction equations (stoichiometry)

Balancing chemical reaction equations (stoichiometry) Balancing chemical reaction equations (stoichiometry) This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, version 1.0. To view a copy of this license, visit

More information

Sarah Hosking Biosourcing Research Manager Unilever R&D Port Sunlight RENEWABLES FROM WASTE: OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FMCG SECTOR

Sarah Hosking Biosourcing Research Manager Unilever R&D Port Sunlight RENEWABLES FROM WASTE: OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FMCG SECTOR Sarah Hosking Biosourcing Research Manager Unilever R&D Port Sunlight RENEWABLES FROM WASTE: OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FMCG SECTOR We ve Only One Planet, Not Three By 2050 we will need three planets. Our pattern

More information

New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute

New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute BioRefine Annual Seminar November 2, 2011 Dr. Susan Jenkins, Managing Director The Energy Bioscience Institute

More information

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants Biomass Basics Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants This is the same energy we use as food This is the same energy that made fossil fuels; fossil fuels are concentrated over time by the heat

More information

Renewable Energy. The Ethanol Production Process Dry Mill Flow Meters and Controls. Direct Reading Flowmeters For Liquids and Gases

Renewable Energy. The Ethanol Production Process Dry Mill Flow Meters and Controls. Direct Reading Flowmeters For Liquids and Gases Renewable Energy The Ethanol Production Process Dry Mill Flow Meters and Controls Direct Reading Flowmeters For Liquids and Gases Ethanol- How it s made... There are three main uses for ethanol (industrial,

More information

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA LA SAPIENZA DIPARTIMENTO INGEGNERIA CHIMICA MATERIALI AMBIENTE

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA LA SAPIENZA DIPARTIMENTO INGEGNERIA CHIMICA MATERIALI AMBIENTE UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA LA SAPIENZA DIPARTIMENTO INGEGNERIA CHIMICA MATERIALI AMBIENTE REPORT ON A TEST EXECUTED ON A KDV DEPOLYMERIZATION PLANT ON JAN 19TH 2012 IN THE ORION ECOSOLUTIONS DEMONSTRATION

More information

Respiration Worksheet. Respiration is the controlled release of energy from food. Types of Respiration. Aerobic Respiration

Respiration Worksheet. Respiration is the controlled release of energy from food. Types of Respiration. Aerobic Respiration Respiration Worksheet Respiration is the controlled release of energy from food The food involved in respiration is usually Internal respiration is controlled by which allow energy to be released in The

More information

CORPORATE OVERVIEW. 2015 BioAmber Inc. All Rights Reserved. November 19, 2015 :: 1

CORPORATE OVERVIEW. 2015 BioAmber Inc. All Rights Reserved. November 19, 2015 :: 1 CORPORATE OVERVIEW 2015 BioAmber Inc. All Rights Reserved. November 19, 2015 :: 1 SAFE HARBOR STATEMENT Forward-Looking Statements. This presentation contains express or implied forward-looking statements,

More information

Market Developments of and Opportunities for biobased products and chemicals

Market Developments of and Opportunities for biobased products and chemicals Market Developments of and Opportunities for biobased products and chemicals Final Report December 2013 Authors Lara Dammer Michael Carus Achim Raschka Lena Scholz Dammer, L., Carus, M., Raschka, A., Scholz,

More information

FACT SHEET. Upgrading Biogas to Biomethane

FACT SHEET. Upgrading Biogas to Biomethane FACT SHEET Upgrading Biogas to Biomethane On-farm digester model source: FNR On farm Biogas plant Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion (AD) Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is the process whereby organic matter

More information

Biowaste Biorefinery for the integrated chemical and energy production from organic waste and byproducts

Biowaste Biorefinery for the integrated chemical and energy production from organic waste and byproducts LABMEETING-RIFIUTI - 22 maggio 2014 - RAVENNA2014 Biowaste Biorefinery for the integrated chemical and energy production from organic waste and byproducts Fabio Fava PhD, Dr.h.c., Professor School of Engineering,

More information

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster»)

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster») Groupwork CCS Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) group 5 02.05.2015 1 Content What is BECCS? Stakeholder Analysis Resources on Global scale SWOT analysis Climate BECCS Technology Conclusions Outlook group 5 02.05.2015

More information

Biotechnology Solutions for Renewable Specialty Chemicals & Food Ingredients

Biotechnology Solutions for Renewable Specialty Chemicals & Food Ingredients Biotechnology Solutions for Renewable Specialty Chemicals & Food Ingredients 2011 Biotechnology Industry Organization, 1201 Maryland Ave. SW, Suite 900, Washington, DC 20024 Introduction Many of the products

More information

Biorefineries in Poland. prof of PIMOT Krzysztof Biernat Ph.D. (Mech.Eng.) Presented by Katarzyna Wawryniuk M.Sc. (Eng.)

Biorefineries in Poland. prof of PIMOT Krzysztof Biernat Ph.D. (Mech.Eng.) Presented by Katarzyna Wawryniuk M.Sc. (Eng.) Biorefineries in Poland prof of PIMOT Krzysztof Biernat Ph.D. (Mech.Eng.) Presented by Katarzyna Wawryniuk M.Sc. (Eng.) Dear colleagues, I would like to apologize that I can not personally deliver the

More information

GLOBAL MARKETS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR BIOFUEL ENZYMES

GLOBAL MARKETS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR BIOFUEL ENZYMES GLOBAL MARKETS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR BIOFUEL ENZYMES EGY099B November 2015 Shalini Shahani Dewan Project Analyst ISBN: 1-62296-175-7 BCC Research 49 Walnut Park, Building 2 Wellesley, MA 02481 USA 866-285-7215

More information

Tertiary Butyl Alcohol (TBA) Biodegradation. Some Frequently Asked Questions

Tertiary Butyl Alcohol (TBA) Biodegradation. Some Frequently Asked Questions Tertiary Butyl Alcohol (TBA) Biodegradation Some Frequently Asked Questions 1: What is tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA)? Tertiary butyl alcohol is a simple organic compound that contains only carbon (C), hydrogen

More information

methane and compost production from organic resources Morten Brøgger Kristensen Chief Technology Officer

methane and compost production from organic resources Morten Brøgger Kristensen Chief Technology Officer Aikan Technology methane and compost production from organic resources Morten Brøgger Kristensen Chief Technology Officer Aikan is innovated from experience Solum has been operating the Danish Aikan plant

More information

Renewable Route to Acrylic Acid. Platts 2 nd Annual Renewable Chemicals BioAcrylic Acid Scaling Up Current Experience

Renewable Route to Acrylic Acid. Platts 2 nd Annual Renewable Chemicals BioAcrylic Acid Scaling Up Current Experience Renewable Route to Acrylic Acid Platts 2 nd Annual Renewable Chemicals BioAcrylic Acid Scaling Up Current Experience 1 Renewable BioAcrylic Acid Joint Development Objective Develop an Industrial-Scale

More information

Welcome to our presentation about opportunities to reduce pollution and increase profitability through the utilization of green chemistry principles.

Welcome to our presentation about opportunities to reduce pollution and increase profitability through the utilization of green chemistry principles. Welcome to our presentation about opportunities to reduce pollution and increase profitability through the utilization of green chemistry principles. 1 Green chemistry can be largely summarized by the

More information

INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY. Production hosts for real-life feedstock utilization

INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY. Production hosts for real-life feedstock utilization Selection of production hosts for real-life feedstock utilization Karl Rumbold (karl.rumbold@tno.nl) INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Industrial Biotechnology is the application of biotechnology for the processing

More information

Polyurethanes: The Case for Renewable Succinic Acid Based Polyester Polyols

Polyurethanes: The Case for Renewable Succinic Acid Based Polyester Polyols Polyurethanes: The Case for Renewable Succinic Acid Based Polyester Polyols Succinic Acid Polyols Renewable content up to 100% based on choice of diol Comparable performance to adipic polyols Price competitive

More information

1. Its concentration in the atmosphere 2. Its ability to absorb IR radiation 3. Its lifetime in the atmosphere

1. Its concentration in the atmosphere 2. Its ability to absorb IR radiation 3. Its lifetime in the atmosphere The greenhouse effect - global warming: Radiation from the sun reaches the planet. The radiation is absorbed by the Earth and re emitted as IR radiation. Most of this IR radiation goes back into space

More information

Acrylic and Styrenic Monomers from Biomass

Acrylic and Styrenic Monomers from Biomass Acrylic and Styrenic Monomers from Biomass BPM-060 ACTION BPM Symposium, Wageningen, June 27, 2013 Jérôme Le Nôtre Biobased Commodity Chemicals Group Plastics Biobased Non biodegradable Bioplastics Bio-PE

More information

Consider How can you collect solar energy for use in your school? What are other alternatives?

Consider How can you collect solar energy for use in your school? What are other alternatives? 5 a 5 Energy Sources a - Energy from the sun Purpose To explore sourcing our energy from the sun Key concepts Solar energy is a natural and renewable resource Heat energy from the sun can be used to heat

More information

UNDERSTANDING BIOBASED CARBON CONTENT

UNDERSTANDING BIOBASED CARBON CONTENT UNDERSTANDING BIOBASED CARBON CONTENT Society of the Plastics Industry Bioplastics Council February 2012 www.bioplasticscouncil.org COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER This report is copyright 2011, The Society of

More information

Lesson 6. BioMara gratefully acknowledges the following funders: Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel.

Lesson 6. BioMara gratefully acknowledges the following funders: Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel. Lesson 6 Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel. From lesson 5 you have discovered that there are many uses for algae. You also have discovered that algae can be used to produce biofuels.

More information

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels Pocket K No. 24 Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels What are biofuels? Biofuels are alternative fuels made from plant and plant-derived resources. Biofuels are used mainly for transportation. There

More information

Natural Gas as a Chemical Industry Fuel and Feedstock: Past, Present, Future (and Far Future)

Natural Gas as a Chemical Industry Fuel and Feedstock: Past, Present, Future (and Far Future) Natural Gas as a Chemical Industry Fuel and Feedstock: Past, Present, Future (and Far Future) Jeffrey J. Siirola Eastman Chemical Company Kingsport, TN 37662 Fuel and Feedstock Natural gas is the fuel

More information

The Molecules of Life - Overview. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life

The Molecules of Life - Overview. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life The Molecules of Life - Overview The Molecules of Life The Importance of Carbon Organic Polymers / Monomers Functions of Organic Molecules Origin of Organic Molecules The Molecules of Life Water is the

More information

DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials

DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials The Renewably Sourced Process DuPont is bringing nature and science together to convert agricultural crop to high performance materials and fuels. Microbes transform

More information

Introduction to Waste Treatment Technologies. Contents. Household waste

Introduction to Waste Treatment Technologies. Contents. Household waste Contents Introduction to waste treatment technologies 3 Section 1: The treatment of recyclable waste 4 Bulking facilities 5 Materials Reclamation Facility (MRF) 6 Reuse and recycling centres 8 Composting

More information

Biomass Syngas Production Technology by Gasification for Liquid Fuel and Other Chemicals

Biomass Syngas Production Technology by Gasification for Liquid Fuel and Other Chemicals 37 Biomass Syngas Production Technology by Gasification for Liquid Fuel and Other Chemicals MASASHI HISHIDA *1 KATSUHIKO SHINODA *2 TOSHIYA AKIBA *3 TAKESHI AMARI *4 TAKASHI YAMAMOTO *5 KEIGO MATSUMOTO

More information

LIGHT, SAFE & RECYCLABLE

LIGHT, SAFE & RECYCLABLE LIGHT, SAFE & RECYCLABLE Your PET plastic egg carton is environmentally friendly. Not only is it recyclable but it contains recycled PET plastic, the same plastic used to manufacture plastic bottles and

More information