As Virginians moved west, they took their... with them? traditions, ideas, and cultures. Give some examples of "Jim Crow Laws"

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1 As Virginians moved west, they took their... with them? Give some examples of "Jim Crow Laws" How did the change in Virginia's economy affect many farmers? traditions, ideas, and cultures poll taxes, voting tests, and separate schools, restaurants, water fountains, and restrooms Many farmers relocated to the western territories and also to the deep south to look for new and better farmland and more job opportunities. How did the north and south view the admission of new states into the United States? How did Virginia's economic base change after the American Revolution? How were most American Indians How were most enslaved African Americans How were most white Virginians How were some free African Americans In the years before the Civil War, how was the economy different in the north and south? As western territories began to enter the Union, the north wanted them to enter as "free states." The south wanted them to be "slave states." Virginia's agricultural base began to change. Tobacco farming was hard on the soil. Most American Indians did not take sides during the Civil War. Enslaved African Americans were forced to continue to raise crops and provide labor for the Confederate Army. Most white Virginians supported the Confederacy. Some free African Americans felt their few civil rights would best be served by supporting the Confederacy. The economy in the northern United States was industrialized, and in the south it was agricultural. The south relied on slave labor.

2 Many things people needed were destroyed in the war. Name 4 of them. What are "Jim Crow Laws?" railroads, bridges, plantations, and crops Laws created to keep political power away from African Americans. What did the seceding southern states name themselves, and who was the President of the Confederacy? What happened after Lincoln was elected president in 1860? What is an abolitionist? What is Reconstruction? What is sharecropping? Confederate States of America (CSA) Jefferson Davis Several southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America (CSA). Virginia also seceded. An abolitionist wants to abolish (end) slavery. Repairing the damage caused by the war. A system in which freed men and poor white farmers rented land from a landowner and promised to pay the owner with a share of the crops. What is the Freedmen's Bureau? What key sea battle between 2 ironclad ships took place in VA waters near Norfolk and Hampton? What needs did newly freed African Americans have? A government agency created to provide food, education, and medical care to African Americans. Monitor and Merrimack housing, education, clothing, food, and jobs

3 What part of Virginia formed the new state of West Virginia? What was the capital of the Confederacy during the Civil War? The western counties formed the state of West Virginia. Richmond What was the capital of the USA during the Civil War? What was the main reason that some parts of Virginia wanted to form a new state? What was the overall result of the Battle of Richmond in April 1865? Washington, D.C. They had different views on slavery. The western counties didn't believe in it, and the eastern counties needed slaves. Grant captured Richmond. What was the problem with money in the South? What were the results of the sea battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack? Money had no value and banks were closed The battle was fought to a draw and it revolutionized naval warfare. Where did settlers cross the Appalachian Mountains when they migrated to new lands in the western territories? Where did the surrender ending the Civil War take place? through the Cumberland Gap Appomattox Court House, VA Where was the first major clash of the Civil War in Virginia? Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

4 Who defeated Union troops at Fredericksburg, VA Robert E. Lee Who set fire to the armory in Richmond and why? What was a result of the fire? The Confederates set fire to the armory so that the Union troops wouldn't get the weapons. As a result, nearly half of Richmond burned to the ground. Who surrendered to whom at the close of the Civil War? Who was Commander-in-Chief of the Confederate Army? Who was Commander-in- Chief of the Union army? Who was Harriet Tubman? Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant She had been a slave but she had escaped to freedom. She knew secret routes to help slaves gain freedom. It was known as the Underground Railroad. Who was John Brown? Who was Nat Turner? Who was president of the Union? Who was the Confederate General who played a major role in the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)? He was an abolitionist who led a slave rebellion by organizing a raid on the US Armory at Harper's Ferry, VA. He was captured and hanged. He was a slave in Virginia. He and his small band of fellow slaves led a rebellion. Abraham Lincoln Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

5 Why were so many of the Civil War battles fought in Virginia? The capital cities of Richmond, VA and Washington, D.C. were relatively near each other.

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