Name: Date: Period: What is Latitude?

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 What is Latitude? Latitude is defined as a measurement of distance in degrees north and south of the equator. There are 90 degrees of latitude from the equator to each of the north (90 N latitude) and south (90 S latitude) poles. Latitude lines are pictured on the globe to the right. Latitude lines are parallel, that is they are the same distance apart. In fact, they are sometimes called parallels. At 7,926 miles (12, 756 km) in length, the equator is the longest of all lines of latitude. It divides the earth in half and is measured as 0 ( zero degrees). Positions on latitude lines above the equator are called north and are in the northern hemisphere. Miami, Florida, for example, is nearly twenty-five degrees north of the equator. Its approximate latitude is written as 25 N. Positions on latitude lines below the equator are called south. Brisbane Australia, for example, is near the thirty degree latitude line too, but in the southern hemisphere. Its latitude is written as 30 S. Complete the Following a. Lines of latitude are to the equator. b. There are degrees of latitude north and south of the equator. c. The equator is degrees. d. Another name for latitude lines is. e. The equator divides the earth into equal parts. f. Write a definition of latitude.

2 g. Practice finding the latitudes of a number of places. Place A has been given its latitude to help you get started. A. 80 N D. G. J. B. E. H. K. C. F. I. L. h. You can easily determine how many degrees separate one place from another place. For example, B is on the 60 N line of latitude; C is on the 40 N line of latitude. By subtracting we find that B is 20 further north than C. How many degrees of latitude separate: C from D E from F G from K C from I L from A B from G

3 Name: Date: Period: What is Longitude? Longitude is defined as measurement of distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian. The prime meridian divides the earth in half and is referred to as 0 longitude. The prime meridian, as do all other lines of longitude, pass through the north and south pole. This is shown in the diagram to the right. Longitude lines are not parallel. They make the earth look like a peeled orange. There are 180 lines of longitude on the each side of the prime meridian. On the opposite side, the prime meridian is not zero degrees but 180 degrees. Here, it is called the International Date line. Longitude lines to the left of the prime meridian give locations west, in the western hemisphere. Longitude lines to the right of the prime meridian give locations east, in the eastern hemisphere. Miami, Florida, for example, is near the 80 line of longitude. It is west of the prime meridian and is written 80 W. Complete the Following h. Longitude lines connect the with the. i. The line of 0 longitude is called the. j. Longitude lines give directions and of the prime k. There are degrees of longitude each side of the prime meridian. l. Longitude lines are not like latitude lines. m.write a definition of longitude.

4 n. The lines of longitude on the diagram below are 15 apart. Notice that some of the lines are not numbered, that there are blank boxes on those lines. Study the numbers on the other lines, then print the proper numbers in the boxes. o. What are the longitudes of the following points shown on the map? Remember: You must write E for east, or W for west to properly identify the location. A. 60 W C. E. G. B. D. F. H. i. Every place on the earth is in two hemispheres (except for places on the prime meridian, 180 line of longitude, the equator or at the North and South Poles. In what two hemispheres is: D H G C Nort h West

5 W 60 W 45 W 30 W 15 W 0 0 equator prime meridian Write the approximate coordinates of the following symbols:

6 How to Determine your Latitude? If you stand at the North Pole and look directly up above your head, you will see a star called Polaris, or the North Star (img. A). This star is visible from any location in the Northern Hemisphere, though it will be visible at different heights in the sky depending on where you are. If you measure the angle between the horizon and Polaris, that angle will be equal to your latitude. Before you can do this, you must be able to locate Polaris amongst the many stars visible in the night sky. In order to do this, you must locate the constellation Ursa Major, also known as the Big Dipper. This constellation points directly to Polaris (img. B). Once you img. B find Polaris, you need to use an instrument called an astrolabe (img. C) to measure the angle between the horizon and Polaris. This angle is equal to your latitude. img. A Polaris 90 North Pole Equator To Polaris... Polaris The Big Look at the image on the left. This man is using an astrolabe to measure the angle between the horizon and Polaris, which, in this example, is equal to 43. Notice, the angle between Polaris and the observer s zenith (the point directly above the observers head) is also shown. This number is irrelevant and meaningless. The latitude of this observer is 43 N. It must be north because this technique does not work in the Southern Hemisphere as Polaris is not visible south of the equator. img. C KEY IDEA YOUR LATITUDE IS EQUAL TO THE ALTITUDE OF POLARIS IN THE NORTHERN

7 Latitude/Polaris Practice 1. What is the altitude of Polaris here in Mamaroneck (approx. 42 N)? 2. What happens to the altitude of Polaris as you move north in the northern hemisphere? 3. What happens to the altitude of Polaris as you move south in the northern hemisphere? 4. What happens to the altitude of Polaris as you move due west from Mamaroneck to Chicago? 5. If the altitude of Polaris in Mamaroneck is 42 tonight, what will it s altitude be tomorrow night? 6. How does Polaris appear to change position during the night? 7. How do stars near Polaris appear to change position during the night? 8. What is the altitude of Polaris at the North Pole? 9. What is the altitude of Polaris at the equator? 10.If you cannot see Polaris on a clear night, state something concerning your position on the Earth s surface? 11.If you are facing Polaris, which compass direction is at your back? 12.If you are facing Polaris, which compass direction is to your left? 13.Where on Earth s surface is gravity the strongest? 14.Where on Earth s surface is your weight the maximum? 15.As you move north in the northern hemisphere, what happens to your weight?

8 16.As you move north in the northern hemisphere, what happens to the pull of gravity? 17.Where is the altitude of Polaris the maximum? img. A

10 Longitude/Time Zones Practice 1. Your time is 2:00 pm, Prime Meridian time is 10:00 am. What is your longitude? 2. Your time is 9:00 am, Prime Meridian time is 3:00 pm. What is your longitude? 3. Your time is 5:00 pm, Prime Meridian time is 4:00 pm. What is your longitude? 4. Your time is 9:00 pm, Prime Meridian time is 2:00 pm. What is your longitude? 5. It is 2:00 pm at the Prime Meridian and you are located at 30 W longitude. What time is it where you are? 6. It is 2:00 pm at the Prime Meridian and you are located at 45 E longitude. What time is it where you are? 7. It is 10:00 am at the Prime Meridian and you are located at 60 W longitude. What time is it where you are? 8. It is 10:00 am at the Prime Meridian and you are located at 90 E longitude. What time is it where you are?

Solar Angles and Latitude

Solar Angles and Latitude Objectives The student will understand that the sun is not directly overhead at noon in most latitudes. The student will research and discover the latitude ir classroom and calculate

Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Theory of the Tropics Earth & Solar Geometry, Celestial Mechanics The geometrical relationship between the earth and sun is responsible for the earth s climates. The two principal movements of

Earth-Sun Relationships. The Reasons for the Seasons

Earth-Sun Relationships The Reasons for the Seasons Solar Radiation The earth intercepts less than one two-billionth of the energy given off by the sun. However, the radiation is sufficient to provide

Pre and post-visit activities - Navigating by the stars

Pre and post-visit activities - Navigating by the stars Vocabulary List Adult Education at Scienceworks Pre-visit Activity 1: What is longitude and latitude? Activity 2: Using the Southern Cross to find

Orientation to the Sky: Apparent Motions

Chapter 2 Orientation to the Sky: Apparent Motions 2.1 Purpose The main goal of this lab is for you to gain an understanding of how the sky changes during the night and over the course of a year. We will

Stellarium a valuable resource for teaching astronomy in the classroom and beyond

Stellarium 1 Stellarium a valuable resource for teaching astronomy in the classroom and beyond Stephen Hughes Department of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Gardens

1. In the diagram below, the direct rays of the Sun are striking the Earth's surface at 23 º N. What is the date shown in the diagram?

1. In the diagram below, the direct rays of the Sun are striking the Earth's surface at 23 º N. What is the date shown in the diagram? 5. During how many days of a calendar year is the Sun directly overhead

The Four Seasons. A Warm Up Exercise. A Warm Up Exercise. A Warm Up Exercise. The Moon s Phases

The Four Seasons A Warm Up Exercise What fraction of the Moon s surface is illuminated by the Sun (except during a lunar eclipse)? a) Between zero and one-half b) The whole surface c) Always half d) Depends

EARTH'S MOTIONS. 2. The Coriolis effect is a result of Earth's A tilted axis B orbital shape C revolution D rotation

EARTH'S MOTIONS 1. Which hot spot location on Earth's surface usually receives the greatest intensity of insolation on June 21? A Iceland B Hawaii C Easter Island D Yellowstone 2. The Coriolis effect is

Sun Earth Relationships

1 ESCI-61 Introduction to Photovoltaic Technology Sun Earth Relationships Ridha Hamidi, Ph.D. Spring (sun aims directly at equator) Winter (northern hemisphere tilts away from sun) 23.5 2 Solar radiation

Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X?

Solar System 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? A) Earth B) Sun C) Moon D) Polaris 2. Which object orbits Earth in both the Earth-centered

Relationship Between the Earth, Moon and Sun

Relationship Between the Earth, Moon and Sun Rotation A body turning on its axis The Earth rotates once every 24 hours in a counterclockwise direction. Revolution A body traveling around another The Earth

Essential Question. Enduring Understanding

Earth In Space Unit Diagnostic Assessment: Students complete a questionnaire answering questions about their ideas concerning a day, year, the seasons and moon phases: My Ideas About A Day, Year, Seasons

Earth In Space Chapter 3

Earth In Space Chapter 3 Shape of the Earth Ancient Greeks Earth casts a circular shadow on the moon during a lunar eclipse Shape of the Earth Ancient Greeks Ships were observed to disappear below the

Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott?

Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott? In your notebooks, write RELATIONSHIPS between variables we tested CAUSE FIRST EFFECT SECOND EVIDENCE As you increase the time

1-2. What is the name given to the path of the Sun as seen from Earth? a.) Equinox b.) Celestial equator c.) Solstice d.

Chapter 1 1-1. How long does it take the Earth to orbit the Sun? a.) one sidereal day b.) one month c.) one year X d.) one hour 1-2. What is the name given to the path of the Sun as seen from Earth? a.)

Answers for the Study Guide: Sun, Earth and Moon Relationship Test

Answers for the Study Guide: Sun, Earth and Moon Relationship Test 1) It takes one day for the Earth to make one complete on its axis. a. Rotation 2) It takes one year for the Earth to make one around

Motions of Earth LEARNING GOALS

2 Patterns in the Sky Motions of Earth The stars first found a special place in legend and mythology as the realm of gods and goddesses, holding sway over the lives of humankind. From these legends and

Cycles in the Sky. Teacher Guide: Cycles in the Sky Page 1 of 8 2008 Discovery Communications, LLC

Cycles in the Sky What is a Fun damental? Each Fun damental is designed to introduce your younger students to some of the basic ideas about one particular area of science. The activities in the Fun damental

Which month has larger and smaller day time?

ACTIVITY-1 Which month has larger and smaller day time? Problem: Which month has larger and smaller day time? Aim: Finding out which month has larger and smaller duration of day in the Year 2006. Format

Exam # 1 Thu 10/06/2010 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti

Exam # 1 Thu 10/06/2010 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti INSTRUCTIONS: Please, use the `bubble sheet and a pencil # 2 to answer the exam questions, by marking

APPENDIX D: SOLAR RADIATION The sun is the source of most energy on the earth and is a primary factor in determining the thermal environment of a locality. It is important for engineers to have a working

ASTRONOMY 161. Introduction to Solar System Astronomy

ASTRONOMY 161 Introduction to Solar System Astronomy Seasons & Calendars Monday, January 8 Season & Calendars: Key Concepts (1) The cause of the seasons is the tilt of the Earth s rotation axis relative

Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy

There is a theory which states that if ever anybody discovers exactly what the Universe is for and why it is here, it will instantly disappear and be replaced by something even more bizarre and inexplicable.

CELESTIAL MOTIONS. In Charlottesville we see Polaris 38 0 above the Northern horizon. Earth. Starry Vault

CELESTIAL MOTIONS Stars appear to move counterclockwise on the surface of a huge sphere the Starry Vault, in their daily motions about Earth Polaris remains stationary. In Charlottesville we see Polaris

Full credit for this chapter to Prof. Leonard Bachman of the University of Houston

Chapter 6: SOLAR GEOMETRY Full credit for this chapter to Prof. Leonard Bachman of the University of Houston SOLAR GEOMETRY AS A DETERMINING FACTOR OF HEAT GAIN, SHADING AND THE POTENTIAL OF DAYLIGHT PENETRATION...

The following words and their definitions should be addressed before completion of the reading:

Seasons Vocabulary: The following words and their definitions should be addressed before completion of the reading: sphere any round object that has a surface that is the same distance from its center

Reasons for Seasons. Question: TRUE OR FALSE. Question: TRUE OR FALSE? What causes the seasons? What causes the seasons?

Reasons for Seasons Question: TRUE OR FALSE? Earth is closer to the Sun in summer and farther from the Sun in winter. Question: TRUE OR FALSE? Earth is closer to the Sun in summer and farther from the

Phases of the Moon. --demonstrate the ability to apply an in-depth understanding of moon phases to real life situations

6 th Grade Standard I Rubric Phases of the Moon --demonstrate the ability to apply an in-depth understanding of moon phases to real life situations --demonstrate an understanding of different reasons why

Moon Phases & Eclipses Notes

Moon Phases & Eclipses Notes Melka 2014-2015 The Moon The Moon is Earth s one natural satellite. Due to its smaller size and slower speed of rotation, the Moon s gravity is 1/6 of the Earth s gravitational

Sunlight and its Properties. EE 495/695 Y. Baghzouz

Sunlight and its Properties EE 495/695 Y. Baghzouz The sun is a hot sphere of gas whose internal temperatures reach over 20 million deg. K. Nuclear fusion reaction at the sun's core converts hydrogen to

The Observed Calendar of the Second Temple Dates For 2014

www.120jubilees.com The Observed Calendar of the Second Temple Dates For 2014 The Observed Calendar of the Second Temple Era was used by the official priests of the Second Temple from at least 520 BC to

PHSC 3033: Meteorology Seasons

PHSC 3033: Meteorology Seasons Changing Aspect Angle Direct Sunlight is more intense and concentrated. Solar Incidence Angle is Latitude and Time/Date Dependent Daily and Seasonal Variation Zenith There

Exploring Solar Energy Variations on Earth: Changes in the Length of Day and Solar Insolation Through the Year

Exploring Solar Energy Variations on Earth: Changes in the Length of Day and Solar Insolation Through the Year Purpose To help students understand how solar radiation varies (duration and intensity) during

Astrock, t he A stronomical Clock

Astrock, t he A stronomical Clock The astronomical clock is unlike any other clock. At first glance you ll find it has similar functions of a standard clock, however the astronomical clock can offer much

Renewable Energy. Solar Power. Courseware Sample 86352-F0

Renewable Energy Solar Power Courseware Sample 86352-F0 A RENEWABLE ENERGY SOLAR POWER Courseware Sample by the staff of Lab-Volt Ltd. Copyright 2009 Lab-Volt Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this

Solar energy and the Earth s seasons

Solar energy and the Earth s seasons Name: Tilt of the Earth s axis and the seasons We now understand that the tilt of Earth s axis makes it possible for different parts of the Earth to experience different

Science in the Elementary and Middle School

15-0 Science in the Elementary and Middle School Naturally Occurring Inquiry Process, Which Can Be Made More Effective With Experience Uses Observable Data Science Search for Regularity Involves Information

Today. Solstices & Equinoxes Precession Phases of the Moon Eclipses. Ancient Astronomy. Lunar, Solar FIRST HOMEWORK DUE NEXT TIME

Today Solstices & Equinoxes Precession Phases of the Moon Eclipses Lunar, Solar Ancient Astronomy FIRST HOMEWORK DUE NEXT TIME The Reason for Seasons Hypothesis check: How would seasons in the northern

COASTLINING THE ZODIAC

COASTLINING THE ZODIAC Astronomy books and skywatching guides offer a wide variety of charts for naked-eye observation of the skies. What works best for each person will depend on various factors such

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

The Size & Shape of the Galaxy

name The Size & Shape of the Galaxy The whole lab consists of plotting two graphs. What s the catch? Aha visualizing and understanding what you have plotted of course! Form the Earth Science Picture of

CHAPTER 3. The sun and the seasons. Locating the position of the sun

zenith 90 summer solstice 75 equinox 52 winter solstice 29 altitude angles observer Figure 3.1: Solar noon altitude angles for Melbourne SOUTH winter midday shadow WEST summer midday shadow summer EAST

Stellar, solar, and lunar demonstrators

Stellar, solar, and lunar demonstrators Rosa M. Ros, Francis Berthomieu International Astronomical Union, Technical University of Catalonia (Barcelona, España), CLEA (Nice, France) Summary This worksheet

Shadows and Solar Zenith Name Lab Partner Section Introduction: The solar zenith angle is defined to be the angle between the sun and a line that goes straight up (to the zenith) In reality the sun is

Project ATMOSPHERE This guide is one of a series produced by Project ATMOSPHERE, an initiative of the American Meteorological Society. Project ATMOSPHERE has created and trained a network of resource agents

Artificial Satellites Earth & Sky

Artificial Satellites Earth & Sky Name: Introduction In this lab, you will have the opportunity to find out when satellites may be visible from the RPI campus, and if any are visible during the activity,

A Dialogue Box. dialogue box.

The Sky An introduction and review 1. Open TheSky (version 6, the blue icon). The screen should show the view of the sky looking due south. Even if the sun is above the horizon, the sky will look black

Produced by Billy Hix and Terry Sue Fanning. As part of the TeachSpace Program. For more ideas and an image of the current phase of the moon, visit:

The Moon Phase Book Produced by Billy Hix and Terry Sue Fanning As part of the TeachSpace Program For more ideas and an image of the current phase of the moon, visit: www.teachspace.us Printing Date: 10/29/2010

Heat Transfer. Energy from the Sun. Introduction

Introduction The sun rises in the east and sets in the west, but its exact path changes over the course of the year, which causes the seasons. In order to use the sun s energy in a building, we need to

Announcements. Due Monday, 11:59pm, Sept 9th. Can submit answers (and see score) more than once: persistence pays off!

Announcements Homework 1 posted on Compass Due Monday, 11:59pm, Sept 9th. Can submit answers (and see score) more than once: persistence pays off! Register those iclickers! link on course site Venus/Saturn

Astronomy. Introduction. Key concepts of astronomy. Earth. Day and night. The changing year

Astronomy Introduction This topic explores the key concepts of astronomy as they relate to: the celestial coordinate system the appearance of the sky the calendar and time the solar system and beyond space

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon

The Universe is thought to consist of trillions of galaxies. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has billions of stars. One of those stars is our Sun. Our solar system consists of the Sun at the center, and all

Unit One Study Guide

Unit One Study Guide Terms BCE: Before the Common Era. Referring to the time before Christ s birth. CE: Common Era. Referring to the time after Christ s birth. BC: Before Christ. Referring to the time

Earth, Moon, and Sun Inquiry Template Eclipses

One Stop Shop For Educators The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved

2. Orbits. FER-Zagreb, Satellite communication systems 2011/12

2. Orbits Topics Orbit types Kepler and Newton laws Coverage area Influence of Earth 1 Orbit types According to inclination angle Equatorial Polar Inclinational orbit According to shape Circular orbit

Moon Phases and Tides in the Planning the D-Day Invasion Part I: The Phases of the Moon

The Science and Technology of WWII Moon Phases and Tides in the Planning the D-Day Invasion Part I: The Phases of the Moon Objectives: 1. Students will determine what causes the moon to go through a cycle

Motions of the Earth. Stuff everyone should know

Motions of the Earth Stuff everyone should know Earth Motions E W N W Noon E Why is there day and night? OR Why do the Sun and stars appear to move through the sky? Because the Earth rotates around its

DETERMINING SOLAR ALTITUDE USING THE GNOMON. How does the altitude change during the day or from day to day?

Name Partner(s) Section Date DETERMINING SOLAR ALTITUDE USING THE GNOMON Does the Sun ever occur directly overhead in Maryland? If it does, how would you determine or know it was directly overhead? How

MULTI-LEVEL LESSON PLAN GUIDE Earth, Moon, and Beyond

1 MULTI-LEVEL LESSON PLAN GUIDE Earth, Moon, and Beyond Jeni Gonzales e-mail: JeniLG7@aol.com SED 5600 Dr. Michael Peterson December 18, 2001 1 2 Unit Plan: Multi-level- Earth, Moon, and Beyond Theme:

PROPOSAL Stalker Hall Sunwork and Garden A large outdoor sculpture and garden space

PROPOSAL Stalker Hall Sunwork and Garden A large outdoor sculpture and garden space FOR: Indiana State University, Terre Haute, College of Arts and Sciences North entrance - newly renovated Stalker Hall

The Moon. Nicola Loaring, SAAO

The Moon Nicola Loaring, SAAO Vital Statistics Mean distance from Earth Orbital Period Rotational Period Diameter 384,400 km 27.322 days 27.322 days 3476 km (0.272 x Earth) Mass 7.3477 10 22 kg (0.0123

Phases of the Moon. The next phase, at about day 10, we can see roughly three quarters of the moon. This is called the waxing gibbous phase.

Phases of the Moon Though we can see the moon s size change throughout the month, it is really always the same size. Yet we see these different sizes or moon phases at regular intervals every month. How

Optimum Orientation of Solar Panels

Optimum Orientation of Solar Panels To get the most from solar panels, point them in the direction that captures the most sun. But there are a number of variables in figuring out the best direction. This

Today FIRST HOMEWORK DUE NEXT TIME. Seasons/Precession Recap. Phases of the Moon. Eclipses. Lunar, Solar. Ancient Astronomy

Today FIRST HOMEWORK DUE NEXT TIME Seasons/Precession Recap Phases of the Moon Eclipses Lunar, Solar Ancient Astronomy How do we mark the progression of the seasons? We define four special points: summer

The ecliptic - Earth s orbital plane

The ecliptic - Earth s orbital plane The line of nodes descending node The Moon s orbital plane Moon s orbit inclination 5.45º ascending node celestial declination Zero longitude in the ecliptic The orbit

Misconceptions in Astronomy in WA High School students (in preparation)

Misconceptions in Astronomy in WA High School students (in preparation) Michael Todd Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University of Technology The purpose of this study was to examine

The Orbit TelleriumThe Orbit TelleriumThe Orbit Tellerium

The Orbit TelleriumThe Orbit TelleriumThe Orbit Tellerium 16 Appendix 4 Moon Chart: For each day draw the shape of the Moon, record the time and mark the position of the Moon in the sky in relation to

Geometry and Geography

Geometry and Geography Tom Davis tomrdavis@earthlink.net http://www.geometer.org/mathcircles March 12, 2011 1 Pedagogical Advice I have been leading mathematical circles using this topic for many years,

SOLAR CALCULATIONS (2)

OLAR CALCULATON The orbit of the Earth is an ellise not a circle, hence the distance between the Earth and un varies over the year, leading to aarent solar irradiation values throughout the year aroximated

Local Sidereal Time is the hour angle of the First Point of Aries, and is equal to the hour angle plus right ascension of any star.

1 CHAPTER 7 TIME In this chapter we briefly discuss the several time scales that are in use in astronomy, such as Universal Time, Mean Solar Time, Ephemeris Time, Terrestrial Dynamical Time, and the several

2- The Top and bottom of the leaf is covered by thin layer of cells called epidermis that allow sunlight to easily pass into the middle of the leaf.

Final exam summary sheet Topic 5, lesson 2 How leaf is adapted to carry on photosynthesis? 1- Waxy layer called the cuticle cover the leaf slow the water loss. 2- The Top and bottom of the leaf is covered

The Map Grid of Australia 1994 A Simplified Computational Manual

The Map Grid of Australia 1994 A Simplified Computational Manual The Map Grid of Australia 1994 A Simplified Computational Manual 'What's the good of Mercator's North Poles and Equators, Tropics, Zones

Geography affects climate.

KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

Activities: The Moon is lit and unlit too

Activities: The Moon is lit and unlit too Key objectives: This activity aims to help student to: Identify the different phases of the Moon Know that the Moon does not produce its own light, but reflects

CHAPTER 18 TIME TIME IN NAVIGATION

CHAPTER 18 TIME TIME IN NAVIGATION 1800. Solar Time The Earth s rotation on its axis causes the Sun and other celestial bodies to appear to move across the sky from east to west each day. If a person located

Will operate all typical kinds of telescopes, Alt/Az, Equatorial, and German Equatorial.

Sidereal Technology ASCOM Driver This document is NOT complete by any means. We feel you'll be able to get things working just fine, especially with technical support. WHAT IS AN ASCOM DRIVER? ASCOM is

',ffi.. The Cause of Moon Phases

The Cause of Moon Phases 79 Figure 1 shows Earth, the Sun, and five different possible positions for the Moon during one full orbit (dotted line). lt is important to recall that one-half of the Moon's

Designing with the Pilkington Sun Angle Calculator

Designing with the Pilkington Sun Angle Calculator 1 In 1951, Libbey-Owens-Ford introduced the first Sun Angle Calculator, to provide a relatively simple method of determining solar geometry variables

Periods of Western Astronomy. Chapter 1. Prehistoric Astronomy. Prehistoric Astronomy. The Celestial Sphere. Stonehenge. History of Astronomy

Periods of Western Astronomy Chapter 1 History of Astronomy Western astronomy divides into 4 periods Prehistoric (before 500 B.C.) Cyclical motions of Sun, Moon and stars observed Keeping time and determining

3. Shading The effects of shading by one building upon another can be either positive or negative depending upon the site-specific circumstances of the properties involved. A potential benefit of shading

Scale of the Solar System. Sizes and Distances: How Big is Big? Sizes and Distances: How Big is Big? (Cont.)

Scale of the Solar System Scale of the Universe How big is Earth compared to our solar system? How far away are the stars? How big is the Milky Way Galaxy? How big is the Universe? How do our lifetimes

Phases of the Moon. Objective. Materials. Procedure. Name Date Score /20

Name Date Score /20 Phases of the Moon Objective Working with models for the Earth-Moon-Sun system, the student will simulate the phases the Moon passes through each month. Upon completion of this exercise,

An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa

An Introduction to Coordinate Systems in South Africa Centuries ago people believed that the earth was flat and notwithstanding that if this had been true it would have produced serious problems for mariners

UTM Zones for the US UTM UTM. Uniform strips Scalable coordinates

UTM UTM Uniform strips Scalable coordinates Globally consistent, most popular projection/coordinate system for regional to global scale geospatial data (i.e. satellite images global scale datasets USGS/EDC)

Exam 1 Review Questions PHY 2425 - Exam 1

Exam 1 Review Questions PHY 2425 - Exam 1 Exam 1H Rev Ques.doc - 1 - Section: 1 7 Topic: General Properties of Vectors Type: Conceptual 1 Given vector A, the vector 3 A A) has a magnitude 3 times that

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures. Seasons & Sun's Distance. Solstice & Equinox. Seasons & Solar Intensity

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures Seasons & Sun's Distance The role of Earth's tilt, revolution, & rotation in causing spatial, seasonal, & daily temperature variations Please read Chapter 3 in Ahrens Figure

The changing phases of the Moon originally inspired the concept of the month

The changing phases of the Moon originally inspired the concept of the month Motions of the Moon The Moon is in orbit around the Earth, outside the atmosphere. The Moon `shines via reflected light (12%)

Does the Moon Turn Upside Down Below the Equator?

Does the Moon Turn Upside Down Below the Equator? Ray Smith 21 September 2001 Two commonly held beliefs about the equator are (1) that the moon phase appears upside down below the equator using my Northern

Homework Assignment #7: The Moon

Name Homework Assignment #7: The Moon 2008 Ann Bykerk-Kauffman, Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University, Chico * Chapter 21 Origins of Modern Astronomy Motions of the

Unit 1 - Radian and Degree Measure Classwork

Unit 1 - Radian and Degree Measure Classwork Definitions to know: Trigonometry triangle measurement Initial side, terminal side - starting and ending Position of the ray Standard position origin if the

www.mhhe.com/fix Sunrise from Earth orbit by the crew of the STS-47 Space Shuttle Mission. I pray the gods to quit me of my toils,

Confirming Proofs I pray the gods to quit me of my toils, To close the watch I keep this livelong year; For as a watch-dog lying, not at rest, Propped on one arm, upon the palace roof Of Atreus race, too

Page. ASTRONOMICAL OBJECTS (Page 4).

Star: ASTRONOMICAL OBJECTS ( 4). Ball of gas that generates energy by nuclear fusion in its includes white dwarfs, protostars, neutron stars. Planet: Object (solid or gaseous) that orbits a star. Radius

Interaction of Energy and Matter Gravity Measurement: Using Doppler Shifts to Measure Mass Concentration TEACHER GUIDE

Interaction of Energy and Matter Gravity Measurement: Using Doppler Shifts to Measure Mass Concentration TEACHER GUIDE EMR and the Dawn Mission Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) will play a major role in

Stage 4. Geography. Blackline Masters. By Karen Devine

1 Devine Educational Consultancy Services Stage 4 Geography Blackline Masters By Karen Devine Updated January 2010 2 This book is intended for the exclusive use in NSW Secondary Schools. It is meant to