1 TITLE OF ARTICLE (TIMES NEW ROMAN; FONT SIZE 12, SPACING: BEFORE AND AFTER 0 PT., CENTERED, LINE SPACING 1.5 PT.; BOLD, STANDARD MARGINS, SMALL CAPS) FIRST NAME AND LAST NAME OF AUTHOR/S 1 (small caps; Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt.) University, for example, the Jagiellonian University in Krakow; Institute (or Department) If all authors have the same affiliation, then it is given only once; if it is different, then the affiliation needs to be given under the name of the author (Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., line spacing 1.5 pt.). ABSTRACT (small caps; Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., line spacing 1.5 pt., left) The summary along with the title constitutes the whole and allows for quick familiarization with the most important elements of the study and assessment of its usefulness. Most readers as part of the review of the available literature read only the summary whose content is important when deciding whether to read the whole study. Taking care of the attractiveness of the texts, one should make sure that the summary clearly defines the objective of the study, information about the type of research methodology used and main findings. The summary should not contain citations for the attached literature, references to pictures or tables contained in the main text. The summary must be accompanied by approx. 5 6 words or phrases associated closely with the subject (not general). The summary with keywords and categorization of the article should not contain more than 1,000 characters with spaces (a minimum of 6 sentences), (Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt.; spacing 1.5 pt.). Paper type: a case study Keywords: template of article, abstract, keywords, references 1
2 INTRODUCTION 1 (applies to the first degree headlines: Times New Roman; font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., bold, capital letters, the first word capitalized, to the left) The introduction should be a maximum of 1 page (Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., indent of the first lines tab; spacing before and after 0 pt., line spacing 1.5 pt.). It presents a particular issue addressed in the study/research and describes the research strategy. Before writing the introduction, one should rethink the question: why is the subject important and relevant? How does it complement the previously analysed studies on the subject? What is the purpose of the study? Which research approach has been used to test hypotheses? 1. THE TITLE OF THE FIRST PART OF THE PROPER TEXT (A MINIMUM OF 2 PARTS THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE STUDY) The proper text (Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., indent tab except for the first paragraph beginning the section, spacing before and after 0 pt., line spacing 1.5 pt.). It should have the hourglass layout. The section should consist of the smaller parts logically resulting from the layout (at least two). Second degree subtitles are allowed (Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., line spacing 1.5 pt.). Parts should be numbered (Arabic numbering). The whole should include about thousand characters with spaces (the whole text including footnotes and appendices, summaries and keywords). Even though the section is a review of the literature, its title should not read "literature review." It is important that it refer to the systematised issues. The proper text aims to indicate the analysed problem (in the case of research articles). One should form the justification (reasons for updating the knowledge in the analysed area) from the available literature. The overview of the research results should aim to systematize the knowledge within a given issue, identify possible inconsistencies which justify the adoption of issues and ultimately identify gaps in knowledge as a basis for the formulation of 1 Sources of financing
3 a research problem. In the case of an article which is a review of the literature, the justification of the need to systematize issues should appear in this section. Next, one should move on to the discussion with the proper literature of the subject to introduce and justify research hypotheses. Citations and references to previous papers appropriate for the field and subject matter indicate scientific responsibility and are necessary to systematize knowledge. It is worth emphasizing what aspects of the problem were analysed by other researchers and what differed their approaches. The review should constitute a logical whole and provide a connection between previous and current methods of the approach to the problem. Despite the attention to the number of words, one should pay attention to the clarity of the text, also taking account of its communicativeness. 2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY In this section, one must provide details on the research methodology, including operational definitions of variables. A full description of the applied research approach and methodology allows the evaluation of the validity and reliability of data and enables replication of research by other researchers. If the research is a replication, the text should include the detailed information referring the reader to the source texts. Depending on the type of the article, the study should contain different content, including the description of responders and the section describing the procedure used in the research (measurement method, method of data analysis etc.). For a typical research project, the content should include: - information about respondents, - sampling method and its size, - method and research tool (and methods for assessing the accuracy and reliability of data), - research conditions,
4 - methods of analysis with justification. When enumerating, one should use hyphens ( ). In the case of lists, one should use Arabic numerals or letters a), b). 1. Aaaaaa. 2. Baaa with this kind of bullets, one should start with a capital letter and end with a dot. or a) aaaaa; with this kind of bullets, one should start with a lowercase letter and at the end put a semicolon; comma sometimes; but it has to be consistent; b) bbb. Footnotes should be placed in the text, according to the APA standard. When citing a source in the main text, provide the surname (s) of the author (s) and the date of publication. Quoting in the text (possible cases): (Kowalski, 2014) (Kowalski, 2013a) (Kowalski, 2013b) (Kowalski, 2013, p. 67) (Kowalski & Nowak, 2014) (Kowalski, Nowak, & Wiśniewski, 2014), and when citing for another time (Kowalski et al., 2014) In the case of citing one author, two cases are possible: Text, text, text Kowalski (2014) (appropriate in the case when we refer to the names in the text) or Text, text, text (Kowalski, 2014). When citing the study by two authors: Text, text, text Kowalski and Nowak (2014) or Text, text, text (Kowalski & Nowak, 2014). In the case of the study by 3 5 authors: Text, text, text Kowalski, Nowak and Wiśniewski (2014) or Text, text, text (Kowalski, Nowak, & Wiśniewski, 2014). When the study is by more than 6 authors:
5 Text, text, text Iksiński et al. (2014) or Text, text, text (Iksiński et al., 2014). In the case of the second (and subsequent) citation of the text by at least three authors, another reference should include the name of the first author only (Kowalski et al., 2014). In the text you can use bold and italic letters (for foreign words). One should not use: underscores, divisions, sections and the so called "soft breaks." 3. RESULTS In the Results section, it is necessary to analyse and present the data collected (important for the discourse). Data should be presented in sufficient detail to justify conclusions and allow their interpretation by the reader. You should mention all the relevant results and also those that are contrary to the accepted assumptions. Quantitative data can be displayed using graphs or tables. In the case of these graphical forms, there is the rule of their proper description and numbering (Arabic numbering, separate for each type of graphic form). Word table and figure in the text should be in lowercase. Tables, figures, graphs, charts (max. width 12.5 cm, max. height 17.0 cm) vertically only). They must be legible and editable. They cannot be scanned. Each graphic form should be previously announced in the content of the study. In addition to numbering, each graphical form should be accompanied by a title concisely describing its content. The table title should be italicized, after word Table and its number. After the title, there should not be a dot (Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., aligned to the left). Depending on the type of the information presented, place the three types of annotations underneath the table: - main annotation (source), - detailed annotation (concerns information from verses or columns and acts as their explanation),
6 - probability annotation. Annotations are placed under the table. Each type of annotation begins on a new line. Each type of annotation ends with a dot. Single interline within the table (font size 10 pt.). All the table headers and results presented in it should be centered. This rule does not apply to words or text included in table cells (it should be justified), and numbers with decimal fractions (should be aligned in accordance with a comma in a fraction). If the table occupies more than one page, each page must repeat table headers and its columns. If the table note or part of the table does not fit on one page, add the following information: The table is continued on the next page on the bottom of the page and The table continued from the previous page at the top of the next page. Table 1 Example table Title Title Title Source: invented table (Times New Roman, font size 10 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., line spacing: 1 pt., alignment to the left). Term "figure" shall also be defined as: charts, diagrams, photos and other graphic forms in the article. Each figure consists of a visual presentation of information and annotation placed under the figure which includes a description of its content and explanation of abbreviations and symbols presented in it. The figure caption should also include information on the permit to copy the figure if it was taken from another source. The title should be placed directly below the figure and be marked with words "Figure X." (written in italics) where X stands for subsequent numbers of figures. After word Figure X and its title dots are placed.
7 Figure 1. Example figure. Source: description as in the case of footnotes (Times New Roman, font size 10 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., spacing 1 pt., aligned to the left). CONCLUSIONS About one page. This part should contain the main conclusions and their discussion with the literature of the subject, recommendations and suggestions for further research. REFERENCES (Times New Roman, font size 12 pt., spacing: before and after 0 pt., alignment to the left). It must contain only the items which are quoted in footnotes. The items should be arranged in an alphabetical order, bulleted. One should not differentiate between the printed and electronic sources. Descriptions according to the APA standards. Book publications of one author: Surname, name initial. (year). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher. Book publications by many authors: Surname, Name Initial, Surname, Name Initial and Surname, Name Initial. (year). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher. Edited book publications: Surname, name initial. (ed.) (year). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher. Chapters in group book publications: Surname, name initial. (year). Chapter title In: Name initial. Surname (ed.), Book title (volume, pages). Place of publication: Publisher.
8 Articles in magazine: Surname, name initial. (year). Title of article Magazine title, volume (number), pages (without abbreviation "p"). Papers: Surname, name initial. (year). Paper title. Paper presented at: Conference name. Place. Reports of institution: Institution (year). Report title. Place of publication: Institution. Publications in print: Surname, Name initial. (in print) etc. Papers not published: Surname, Name initial. (year). Paper title. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Place. University. Internet sources: After the bibliographic description in addition we add: Retrieved (date: dd.mm.yyyy) from http: //www.adres page. ATTACHMENTS Note about the Author