LABS NATIONAL AMERICA S NATIONAL LABORATORIES M A DE IN U S A

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LABS NATIONAL AMERICA S NATIONAL LABORATORIES M A DE IN U S A"

Transcription

1 Improved airport security. Weapons, explosives, plastic devices and oter tools concealed by terrorists are easier to detect tanks to tecnology developed at a National Lab and now installed in airports worldwide. Preserved te sounds of yesteryear. National Lab scientists engineered a ig-tec way to digitally reconstruct aging sound recordings tat are too fragile to play, suc as Edison wax cylinders from te late 1800s. Arcivists estimate tat many of te millions of recordings in te world s sound arcives, including te U.S. Library of Congress, could benefit from te tecnology. Turned an additive green. Found in everyday products suc as antifreeze, paints and plastics, propylene glycol can now be produced from biomass instead of petroleum. Te cost-competitive and renewable alternative process originated at a National Lab and is now in commercial use. Transformed inventory control. From finding, identifying and determining te condition of supplies loaded on sips to evaluating te readiness of battlefield munitions, inventory control as been simplified tanks to advanced radio-frequency identification tagging tecniques devised by National Lab engineers and Solved a diesel dilemma. A National Lab insigt into ow catalysts beave paved te way for a new, lean-burn diesel engine tat met emissions standards and improved fuel efficiency by 25% over conventional engines. Cemented a new material. National Lab scientists ave developed a novel and versatile material tat blends properties of ceramic and concrete to form a nonporous product tat can do everyting from seal oil wells to insulate walls wit extra fire protection. It even sets in cold weater. Canneled cips and ips. Integrated circuits and artificial ips owe teir success to a National Lab discovery tat revealed ow to cange a material by injecting it wit carged atoms, called ions. Ion canneling is now standard practice in industry and science. Given fluorescent ligts teir big break. Cances are you re reading tis using energy-efficient fluorescent ligting, and cances are tose ligts use electronic ballasts, wic control te current flowing troug te ligt. Te ballast was developed at a National Lab in te 1970s wit elp from te ligting industry. Put eyes in te sky. Vela satellites, first launced in 1963 to detect potential nuclear detonations, transformed te nascent U.S. space program. Te satellites featured optical sensors and data processing, logic and power subsystems designed and created by National Labs. 50 Built a better building. Te Department of Energy as built one of te world s most energy-efficient office buildings. Te facility, operating as a living laboratory at a National Lab site, uses 50% less energy tan required by commercial codes and only consumes energy produced by renewable power on or near te building. AMERICA S NATIONAL LABORATORIES Engineered smart windows. National Lab scientists ave created igly insulated windows tat cange color to modulate interior temperatures and ligting. If broadly installed, tey could save about 5% of te nation s total energy budget. g s u o r t Break Canged te face of matter. Protons and neutrons were once tougt to be indivisible. Wrong. National Lab scientists discovered tat protons and neutrons were made of even smaller parts, called quarks. Later experiments identified six kinds of quarks, canging our view of ow te material world works. M A DE IN U S A by Harvested energy from air. AMERICA S A miniature device commercialized by private industry after a National Lab breaktroug generates enoug power from small temperature canges to power wireless sensors or radio-frequency transmitters at remote sites, suc as dams, bridges and pipelines. NATIONAL Simulated reality. Trains, planes and cars and tousands of oter objects are safer, stronger and better-designed tanks to computer simulation software first developed at a National Laboratory. LABS Gone grid friendly. Regulating te energy use of ouseold appliances, especially at peak times, could slas energy demand and avoid blackouts. A National Lab appliance-control device senses grid stress and responds instantly to turn off macines and reduce enduse demand, balancing te system so tat te power stays on. For more information, contact Produced by te Department of Public Affairs, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Design: Creative Services Office CSO_21134

2 America s National Laboratory system as been canging and improving te lives of millions for more tan 80 years. Born at a time of great societal need, tis network of Department of Energy Laboratories as now grown into 17 facilities, working togeter as engines of prosperity and invention. As tis list of 50 Breaktrougs attests, National Laboratory discoveries ave spawned industries, saved lives, generated new products, fired te imagination, and elped to reveal te secrets of te universe. Rooted in te need to be te best and bring te best, America s National Laboratories ave put an American stamp on te past century of science. Wit equal ingenuity and tenacity, tey are now engaged in winning te future. Helped catc criminals. To DNA testing, we can now add uman antibody detection, a precise metod of matcing suspects to crime scenes. Te tecnique, created by National Lab scientists, also foils wouldbe drug test ceaters. Made refrigerators cool. Next-generation refrigerators will likely put te freeze on armful cemical coolants in favor of an environmentally friendly alloy, tanks to National Lab Brougt safe water to millions. At America s National Laboratories, we ve: Removing arsenic from drinking water is a global priority. A long-lasting particle engineered at a National Lab can now do exactly tat, making contaminated water safe to drink. Anoter tecnology developed at a National Lab uses ultraviolet ligt to kill microbes tat cause water-borne diseases suc as dysentery. Tis process as reduced cild mortality in te developing world. Explained potosyntesis. Delivered troops safely. Ever wonder ow plants turn sunligt into energy? A National Lab scientist determined te pat of carbon troug potosyntesis, a scientific milestone tat illuminated one of life s most important processes. Today, tis work allows scientists to explore ow to derive sustainable energy sources from te sun. Exposed explosives. A credit-card-size detector developed by National Lab scientists can screen for more tan 30 kinds of explosives in just minutes. Te detector, called ELITE, requires no power and is widely used by te military, law enforcement and security personnel. Put te jolt in Cevy s Volt. Te Cevrolet Volt would not be able to cruise on battery power were it not for te advanced catode tecnology tat emerged from a National Lab. Te same tecnology is also sparking a revival of America s battery manufacturing industry. Confirmed te Big Bang, and discovered dark energy. National Lab detectors aboard a NASA satellite revealed te birt of te galaxies in te ecoes of te Big Bang. Dark energy te mysterious someting tat makes up treequarters of te universe and causes it to expand at an accelerating rate was also discovered by National Lab cosmologists. Found life s mystery messenger. National Lab scientists discovered ow genetic instructions are carried to te cell s protein-manufacturing center, were all of life s processes begin. Subsequent ligt-source researc on te genetic courier, called messenger RNA, as revealed ow te information is transcribed and ow mistakes can cause cancer and birt defects. Identified good and bad colesterol. Te battle against eart disease received a boost in te 1960s wen National Lab researc unveiled te good and bad sides of colesterol. Today, diagnostic tests tat detect bot types of colesterol save lives. Created te tougest ceramic. National Lab scientists mimicked te structure of mollusk sells to create wat migt well be te tougest ceramic ever produced. Te material could lead to incredibly strong yet ligt composites tat are perfect for energy and transportation applications. National Laboratory researcers ave developed computer models tat effectively manage te complex logistical tasks of deploying troops and equipment to distant destinations. Brougt te Web to te U.S. National Lab scientists, seeking to sare particle pysics information, were te first to install a web server in Nort America, kick-starting te development of te Web as we know it. Mapped te universe and te dark side of te moon. Credit for producing a 3D map of te sky, and 230 million celestial objects, goes to National Lab scientists, wo also developed a camera tat mapped te entire surface of te moon. Found fuel in sewer slime. National Lab scientists discovered ow to use a catalyst to turn gooey residue in food-service grease traps into clean, ig-quality biodiesel. Unmasked a dinosaur killer. Natural istory s greatest wodunit was solved in 1980 wen a team of National Lab scientists pinned te dinosaurs abrupt extinction on an asteroid collision wit Eart. Case closed. Fougt pump friction. Friction generated by industrial ydraulic pumps costs industry millions of dollars per year in energy bills. A National Lab developed a ceramic coating from an alloy of boron-aluminummagnesium tat reduces pump friction, decreases wear and tear, and may one day pump money back into business. Pitted cool roofs against carbon dioxide. National Lab researcers and policy experts ave led te way in analyzing and implementing cool roofing materials tat reflect sunligt, lower surface temperature, and slas cooling costs. Tink globally: If all te world s roofs and pavement used cool materials, te reduction in carbon dioxide emissions would be equivalent to taking te world s 600 million cars off te road for 18 years. Put te digital in DVDs. Te optical digital recording tecnology beind music, video, and data storage originated at a National Lab nearly 40 years ago. Reduced air conditioning costs. Air conditioning is a uge energy drain. National Lab scientists invented an air conditioning process tat uses up to 90% less energy tat today s top-of-te-line units. Cooling down ceaply migt one day be a breeze. Levitated trains wit magnets. Discovered 16 elements. Te periodic table would be smaller witout te National Labs. Among te Labs andiwork is an instrumental role in te discovery of tecnetium-99, wic as revolutionized te field of medical imaging. Anoter discovery, americium, is widely used in smoke detectors. Gotten te lead out. Removing azardous lead-based solders from te environment is now a reality tanks to a lead-free alloy of tin-silver-copper developed at a National Lab. Te lead-free solder as been licensed by more tan 60 companies worldwide. Pioneered efficient power lines. New kinds of power lines made from superconductors can carry electric current wit no energy loss. Now deployed by National Lab scientists, tese prototypes could user in a new era of ultra-efficient power transmission. Seen inside weapons. National Lab tecnology tat quickly identifies te cemical makeup of weapons as been used to verify treaties around te world. Restored ancient knowledge. Te works of famed ancient matematician Arcimedes written over by medieval monks and lost for millennia were revealed to modern eyes tanks to te X-ray vision and ligt-source tecnology found at a National Lab. To replace gasoline, ydrogen must be safely stored and easy to use, but tis as proved elusive. National Lab researcers ave now designed a new pliable material using nanoparticles tat can rapidly absorb and release ydrogen witout ill effects, a major step in making fuel-cell powered cars a commercial reality. Made wind power mainstream. Increasing wind-turbine efficiency wit ig-efficiency airfoils as reduced te cost of wind power by more tan 80% over te past 30 years. Now deployed in wind farms nationwide, tese turbines owe teir existence to National Lab researc. Created a pocket-sized DNA sampler. Tougened airplanes. A National Lab and industry tecnique for strengtening metal by bombarding it wit laser pulses as saved te aircraft industry undreds of millions of dollars in engine and aircraft maintenance expenses. Tamed ydrogen wit nanonparticles. Say goodbye to traffic jams. National Lab scientists developed a tecnology tat uses te attractive and repulsive forces of magnets to levitate and propel trains. Maglev trains now ferry commuters in Japan and Cina and will be operational in oter countries soon. Exposed te radon risk. You can sleep easier tanks to National Lab researc tat quantified te ealt risk posed by radon gas in parts of te country. Subsequent EPA standards, coupled wit radon detection and mitigation measures pioneered by National Lab scientists, prevent te naturally occurring gas from seeping into basements, saving tousands of lives every year. Squeezed fuel from microbes. In a milestone tat brings advanced biofuels one step closer to America s gas tanks, a collaboration led by scientists wit te Department of Energy s Joint BioEnergy Institute developed a microbe tat can produce fuel directly from biomass. Te researc team, wic includes National Lab scientists, engineered a strain of Escericia coli bacteria to secrete biodiesel fuel. Sown tat fusion is not fantasy. From a fusion test reactor tat produced enoug power to meet te energy needs of 3,000 omes to te fusion-ignition potential of te world s largest and most energetic laser, fusion science is moving closer to commercial reality because of National Lab A tool developed by National Lab scientists tat identifies te microbes in air, water, and soil samples is fast becoming a workorse in public ealt, medical, and environmental cleanup projects. Only a few years old, te credit-card-size PyloCip is already pinpointing te diseases tat kill coral reefs, and cataloging airborne bacteria over U.S. cities. It was also used to quickly categorize te oil-eating bacteria in te deep water plumes of te Deepwater Horizon spill. Revolutionized medical diagnostics. From te original scintillation camera tat detected gamma rays emitted by radioactive isotopes to today s cancer-detecting, compact nuclear-imaging devices and te magnets in MRI scanners National Lab discoveries ave revolutionized medicine and saved countless lives. Redefined cancer terapy. A proton accelerator tat treats patients wit advanced forms of cancer owes its existence to National Lab researcers, as does software tat targets radiation treatments wile sparing ealty tissue. Fabricated te smallest macines. Te world s smallest syntetic motor, as well as radios, scales, and switces tat are 100,000 times finer tan a uman air, were engineered at a National Lab. Tese and oter groundbreaking forays into nanotecnology could lead to lifesaving parmaceuticals and more powerful computers.

3 America s National Laboratory system as been canging and improving te lives of millions for more tan 80 years. Born at a time of great societal need, tis network of Department of Energy Laboratories as now grown into 17 facilities, working togeter as engines of prosperity and invention. As tis list of 50 Breaktrougs attests, National Laboratory discoveries ave spawned industries, saved lives, generated new products, fired te imagination, and elped to reveal te secrets of te universe. Rooted in te need to be te best and bring te best, America s National Laboratories ave put an American stamp on te past century of science. Wit equal ingenuity and tenacity, tey are now engaged in winning te future. Helped catc criminals. To DNA testing, we can now add uman antibody detection, a precise metod of matcing suspects to crime scenes. Te tecnique, created by National Lab scientists, also foils wouldbe drug test ceaters. Made refrigerators cool. Next-generation refrigerators will likely put te freeze on armful cemical coolants in favor of an environmentally friendly alloy, tanks to National Lab Brougt safe water to millions. At America s National Laboratories, we ve: Removing arsenic from drinking water is a global priority. A long-lasting particle engineered at a National Lab can now do exactly tat, making contaminated water safe to drink. Anoter tecnology developed at a National Lab uses ultraviolet ligt to kill microbes tat cause water-borne diseases suc as dysentery. Tis process as reduced cild mortality in te developing world. Explained potosyntesis. Delivered troops safely. Ever wonder ow plants turn sunligt into energy? A National Lab scientist determined te pat of carbon troug potosyntesis, a scientific milestone tat illuminated one of life s most important processes. Today, tis work allows scientists to explore ow to derive sustainable energy sources from te sun. Exposed explosives. A credit-card-size detector developed by National Lab scientists can screen for more tan 30 kinds of explosives in just minutes. Te detector, called ELITE, requires no power and is widely used by te military, law enforcement and security personnel. Put te jolt in Cevy s Volt. Te Cevrolet Volt would not be able to cruise on battery power were it not for te advanced catode tecnology tat emerged from a National Lab. Te same tecnology is also sparking a revival of America s battery manufacturing industry. Confirmed te Big Bang, and discovered dark energy. National Lab detectors aboard a NASA satellite revealed te birt of te galaxies in te ecoes of te Big Bang. Dark energy te mysterious someting tat makes up treequarters of te universe and causes it to expand at an accelerating rate was also discovered by National Lab cosmologists. Found life s mystery messenger. National Lab scientists discovered ow genetic instructions are carried to te cell s protein-manufacturing center, were all of life s processes begin. Subsequent ligt-source researc on te genetic courier, called messenger RNA, as revealed ow te information is transcribed and ow mistakes can cause cancer and birt defects. Identified good and bad colesterol. Te battle against eart disease received a boost in te 1960s wen National Lab researc unveiled te good and bad sides of colesterol. Today, diagnostic tests tat detect bot types of colesterol save lives. Created te tougest ceramic. National Lab scientists mimicked te structure of mollusk sells to create wat migt well be te tougest ceramic ever produced. Te material could lead to incredibly strong yet ligt composites tat are perfect for energy and transportation applications. National Laboratory researcers ave developed computer models tat effectively manage te complex logistical tasks of deploying troops and equipment to distant destinations. Brougt te Web to te U.S. National Lab scientists, seeking to sare particle pysics information, were te first to install a web server in Nort America, kick-starting te development of te Web as we know it. Mapped te universe and te dark side of te moon. Credit for producing a 3D map of te sky, and 230 million celestial objects, goes to National Lab scientists, wo also developed a camera tat mapped te entire surface of te moon. Found fuel in sewer slime. National Lab scientists discovered ow to use a catalyst to turn gooey residue in food-service grease traps into clean, ig-quality biodiesel. Unmasked a dinosaur killer. Natural istory s greatest wodunit was solved in 1980 wen a team of National Lab scientists pinned te dinosaurs abrupt extinction on an asteroid collision wit Eart. Case closed. Fougt pump friction. Friction generated by industrial ydraulic pumps costs industry millions of dollars per year in energy bills. A National Lab developed a ceramic coating from an alloy of boron-aluminummagnesium tat reduces pump friction, decreases wear and tear, and may one day pump money back into business. Pitted cool roofs against carbon dioxide. National Lab researcers and policy experts ave led te way in analyzing and implementing cool roofing materials tat reflect sunligt, lower surface temperature, and slas cooling costs. Tink globally: If all te world s roofs and pavement used cool materials, te reduction in carbon dioxide emissions would be equivalent to taking te world s 600 million cars off te road for 18 years. Put te digital in DVDs. Te optical digital recording tecnology beind music, video, and data storage originated at a National Lab nearly 40 years ago. Reduced air conditioning costs. Air conditioning is a uge energy drain. National Lab scientists invented an air conditioning process tat uses up to 90% less energy tat today s top-of-te-line units. Cooling down ceaply migt one day be a breeze. Levitated trains wit magnets. Discovered 16 elements. Te periodic table would be smaller witout te National Labs. Among te Labs andiwork is an instrumental role in te discovery of tecnetium-99, wic as revolutionized te field of medical imaging. Anoter discovery, americium, is widely used in smoke detectors. Gotten te lead out. Removing azardous lead-based solders from te environment is now a reality tanks to a lead-free alloy of tin-silver-copper developed at a National Lab. Te lead-free solder as been licensed by more tan 60 companies worldwide. Pioneered efficient power lines. New kinds of power lines made from superconductors can carry electric current wit no energy loss. Now deployed by National Lab scientists, tese prototypes could user in a new era of ultra-efficient power transmission. Seen inside weapons. National Lab tecnology tat quickly identifies te cemical makeup of weapons as been used to verify treaties around te world. Restored ancient knowledge. Te works of famed ancient matematician Arcimedes written over by medieval monks and lost for millennia were revealed to modern eyes tanks to te X-ray vision and ligt-source tecnology found at a National Lab. To replace gasoline, ydrogen must be safely stored and easy to use, but tis as proved elusive. National Lab researcers ave now designed a new pliable material using nanoparticles tat can rapidly absorb and release ydrogen witout ill effects, a major step in making fuel-cell powered cars a commercial reality. Made wind power mainstream. Increasing wind-turbine efficiency wit ig-efficiency airfoils as reduced te cost of wind power by more tan 80% over te past 30 years. Now deployed in wind farms nationwide, tese turbines owe teir existence to National Lab researc. Created a pocket-sized DNA sampler. Tougened airplanes. A National Lab and industry tecnique for strengtening metal by bombarding it wit laser pulses as saved te aircraft industry undreds of millions of dollars in engine and aircraft maintenance expenses. Tamed ydrogen wit nanonparticles. Say goodbye to traffic jams. National Lab scientists developed a tecnology tat uses te attractive and repulsive forces of magnets to levitate and propel trains. Maglev trains now ferry commuters in Japan and Cina and will be operational in oter countries soon. Exposed te radon risk. You can sleep easier tanks to National Lab researc tat quantified te ealt risk posed by radon gas in parts of te country. Subsequent EPA standards, coupled wit radon detection and mitigation measures pioneered by National Lab scientists, prevent te naturally occurring gas from seeping into basements, saving tousands of lives every year. Squeezed fuel from microbes. In a milestone tat brings advanced biofuels one step closer to America s gas tanks, a collaboration led by scientists wit te Department of Energy s Joint BioEnergy Institute developed a microbe tat can produce fuel directly from biomass. Te researc team, wic includes National Lab scientists, engineered a strain of Escericia coli bacteria to secrete biodiesel fuel. Sown tat fusion is not fantasy. From a fusion test reactor tat produced enoug power to meet te energy needs of 3,000 omes to te fusion-ignition potential of te world s largest and most energetic laser, fusion science is moving closer to commercial reality because of National Lab A tool developed by National Lab scientists tat identifies te microbes in air, water, and soil samples is fast becoming a workorse in public ealt, medical, and environmental cleanup projects. Only a few years old, te credit-card-size PyloCip is already pinpointing te diseases tat kill coral reefs, and cataloging airborne bacteria over U.S. cities. It was also used to quickly categorize te oil-eating bacteria in te deep water plumes of te Deepwater Horizon spill. Revolutionized medical diagnostics. From te original scintillation camera tat detected gamma rays emitted by radioactive isotopes to today s cancer-detecting, compact nuclear-imaging devices and te magnets in MRI scanners National Lab discoveries ave revolutionized medicine and saved countless lives. Redefined cancer terapy. A proton accelerator tat treats patients wit advanced forms of cancer owes its existence to National Lab researcers, as does software tat targets radiation treatments wile sparing ealty tissue. Fabricated te smallest macines. Te world s smallest syntetic motor, as well as radios, scales, and switces tat are 100,000 times finer tan a uman air, were engineered at a National Lab. Tese and oter groundbreaking forays into nanotecnology could lead to lifesaving parmaceuticals and more powerful computers.

4 America s National Laboratory system as been canging and improving te lives of millions for more tan 80 years. Born at a time of great societal need, tis network of Department of Energy Laboratories as now grown into 17 facilities, working togeter as engines of prosperity and invention. As tis list of 50 Breaktrougs attests, National Laboratory discoveries ave spawned industries, saved lives, generated new products, fired te imagination, and elped to reveal te secrets of te universe. Rooted in te need to be te best and bring te best, America s National Laboratories ave put an American stamp on te past century of science. Wit equal ingenuity and tenacity, tey are now engaged in winning te future. Helped catc criminals. To DNA testing, we can now add uman antibody detection, a precise metod of matcing suspects to crime scenes. Te tecnique, created by National Lab scientists, also foils wouldbe drug test ceaters. Made refrigerators cool. Next-generation refrigerators will likely put te freeze on armful cemical coolants in favor of an environmentally friendly alloy, tanks to National Lab Brougt safe water to millions. At America s National Laboratories, we ve: Removing arsenic from drinking water is a global priority. A long-lasting particle engineered at a National Lab can now do exactly tat, making contaminated water safe to drink. Anoter tecnology developed at a National Lab uses ultraviolet ligt to kill microbes tat cause water-borne diseases suc as dysentery. Tis process as reduced cild mortality in te developing world. Explained potosyntesis. Delivered troops safely. Ever wonder ow plants turn sunligt into energy? A National Lab scientist determined te pat of carbon troug potosyntesis, a scientific milestone tat illuminated one of life s most important processes. Today, tis work allows scientists to explore ow to derive sustainable energy sources from te sun. Exposed explosives. A credit-card-size detector developed by National Lab scientists can screen for more tan 30 kinds of explosives in just minutes. Te detector, called ELITE, requires no power and is widely used by te military, law enforcement and security personnel. Put te jolt in Cevy s Volt. Te Cevrolet Volt would not be able to cruise on battery power were it not for te advanced catode tecnology tat emerged from a National Lab. Te same tecnology is also sparking a revival of America s battery manufacturing industry. Confirmed te Big Bang, and discovered dark energy. National Lab detectors aboard a NASA satellite revealed te birt of te galaxies in te ecoes of te Big Bang. Dark energy te mysterious someting tat makes up treequarters of te universe and causes it to expand at an accelerating rate was also discovered by National Lab cosmologists. Found life s mystery messenger. National Lab scientists discovered ow genetic instructions are carried to te cell s protein-manufacturing center, were all of life s processes begin. Subsequent ligt-source researc on te genetic courier, called messenger RNA, as revealed ow te information is transcribed and ow mistakes can cause cancer and birt defects. Identified good and bad colesterol. Te battle against eart disease received a boost in te 1960s wen National Lab researc unveiled te good and bad sides of colesterol. Today, diagnostic tests tat detect bot types of colesterol save lives. Created te tougest ceramic. National Lab scientists mimicked te structure of mollusk sells to create wat migt well be te tougest ceramic ever produced. Te material could lead to incredibly strong yet ligt composites tat are perfect for energy and transportation applications. National Laboratory researcers ave developed computer models tat effectively manage te complex logistical tasks of deploying troops and equipment to distant destinations. Brougt te Web to te U.S. National Lab scientists, seeking to sare particle pysics information, were te first to install a web server in Nort America, kick-starting te development of te Web as we know it. Mapped te universe and te dark side of te moon. Credit for producing a 3D map of te sky, and 230 million celestial objects, goes to National Lab scientists, wo also developed a camera tat mapped te entire surface of te moon. Found fuel in sewer slime. National Lab scientists discovered ow to use a catalyst to turn gooey residue in food-service grease traps into clean, ig-quality biodiesel. Unmasked a dinosaur killer. Natural istory s greatest wodunit was solved in 1980 wen a team of National Lab scientists pinned te dinosaurs abrupt extinction on an asteroid collision wit Eart. Case closed. Fougt pump friction. Friction generated by industrial ydraulic pumps costs industry millions of dollars per year in energy bills. A National Lab developed a ceramic coating from an alloy of boron-aluminummagnesium tat reduces pump friction, decreases wear and tear, and may one day pump money back into business. Pitted cool roofs against carbon dioxide. National Lab researcers and policy experts ave led te way in analyzing and implementing cool roofing materials tat reflect sunligt, lower surface temperature, and slas cooling costs. Tink globally: If all te world s roofs and pavement used cool materials, te reduction in carbon dioxide emissions would be equivalent to taking te world s 600 million cars off te road for 18 years. Put te digital in DVDs. Te optical digital recording tecnology beind music, video, and data storage originated at a National Lab nearly 40 years ago. Reduced air conditioning costs. Air conditioning is a uge energy drain. National Lab scientists invented an air conditioning process tat uses up to 90% less energy tat today s top-of-te-line units. Cooling down ceaply migt one day be a breeze. Levitated trains wit magnets. Discovered 16 elements. Te periodic table would be smaller witout te National Labs. Among te Labs andiwork is an instrumental role in te discovery of tecnetium-99, wic as revolutionized te field of medical imaging. Anoter discovery, americium, is widely used in smoke detectors. Gotten te lead out. Removing azardous lead-based solders from te environment is now a reality tanks to a lead-free alloy of tin-silver-copper developed at a National Lab. Te lead-free solder as been licensed by more tan 60 companies worldwide. Pioneered efficient power lines. New kinds of power lines made from superconductors can carry electric current wit no energy loss. Now deployed by National Lab scientists, tese prototypes could user in a new era of ultra-efficient power transmission. Seen inside weapons. National Lab tecnology tat quickly identifies te cemical makeup of weapons as been used to verify treaties around te world. Restored ancient knowledge. Te works of famed ancient matematician Arcimedes written over by medieval monks and lost for millennia were revealed to modern eyes tanks to te X-ray vision and ligt-source tecnology found at a National Lab. To replace gasoline, ydrogen must be safely stored and easy to use, but tis as proved elusive. National Lab researcers ave now designed a new pliable material using nanoparticles tat can rapidly absorb and release ydrogen witout ill effects, a major step in making fuel-cell powered cars a commercial reality. Made wind power mainstream. Increasing wind-turbine efficiency wit ig-efficiency airfoils as reduced te cost of wind power by more tan 80% over te past 30 years. Now deployed in wind farms nationwide, tese turbines owe teir existence to National Lab researc. Created a pocket-sized DNA sampler. Tougened airplanes. A National Lab and industry tecnique for strengtening metal by bombarding it wit laser pulses as saved te aircraft industry undreds of millions of dollars in engine and aircraft maintenance expenses. Tamed ydrogen wit nanoparticles. Say goodbye to traffic jams. National Lab scientists developed a tecnology tat uses te attractive and repulsive forces of magnets to levitate and propel trains. Maglev trains now ferry commuters in Japan and Cina and will be operational in oter countries soon. Exposed te radon risk. You can sleep easier tanks to National Lab researc tat quantified te ealt risk posed by radon gas in parts of te country. Subsequent EPA standards, coupled wit radon detection and mitigation measures pioneered by National Lab scientists, prevent te naturally occurring gas from seeping into basements, saving tousands of lives every year. Squeezed fuel from microbes. In a milestone tat brings advanced biofuels one step closer to America s gas tanks, a collaboration led by scientists wit te Department of Energy s Joint BioEnergy Institute developed a microbe tat can produce fuel directly from biomass. Te researc team, wic includes National Lab scientists, engineered a strain of Escericia coli bacteria to secrete biodiesel fuel. Sown tat fusion is not fantasy. From a fusion test reactor tat produced enoug power to meet te energy needs of 3,000 omes to te fusion-ignition potential of te world s largest and most energetic laser, fusion science is moving closer to commercial reality because of National Lab A tool developed by National Lab scientists tat identifies te microbes in air, water, and soil samples is fast becoming a workorse in public ealt, medical, and environmental cleanup projects. Only a few years old, te credit-card-size PyloCip is already pinpointing te diseases tat kill coral reefs, and cataloging airborne bacteria over U.S. cities. It was also used to quickly categorize te oil-eating bacteria in te deep water plumes of te Deepwater Horizon spill. Revolutionized medical diagnostics. From te original scintillation camera tat detected gamma rays emitted by radioactive isotopes to today s cancer-detecting, compact nuclear-imaging devices and te magnets in MRI scanners National Lab discoveries ave revolutionized medicine and saved countless lives. Redefined cancer terapy. A proton accelerator tat treats patients wit advanced forms of cancer owes its existence to National Lab researcers, as does software tat targets radiation treatments wile sparing ealty tissue. Fabricated te smallest macines. Te world s smallest syntetic motor, as well as radios, scales, and switces tat are 100,000 times finer tan a uman air, were engineered at a National Lab. Tese and oter groundbreaking forays into nanotecnology could lead to lifesaving parmaceuticals and more powerful computers.

5 Improved airport security. Weapons, explosives, plastic devices and oter tools concealed by terrorists are easier to detect tanks to tecnology developed at a National Lab and now installed in airports worldwide. Preserved te sounds of yesteryear. National Lab scientists engineered a ig-tec way to digitally reconstruct aging sound recordings tat are too fragile to play, suc as Edison wax cylinders from te late 1800s. Arcivists estimate tat many of te millions of recordings in te world s sound arcives, including te U.S. Library of Congress, could benefit from te tecnology. Turned an additive green. Found in everyday products suc as antifreeze, paints and plastics, propylene glycol can now be produced from biomass instead of petroleum. Te cost-competitive and renewable alternative process originated at a National Lab and is now in commercial use. Transformed inventory control. From finding, identifying and determining te condition of supplies loaded on sips to evaluating te readiness of battlefield munitions, inventory control as been simplified tanks to advanced radio-frequency identification tagging tecniques devised by National Lab engineers and Solved a diesel dilemma. A National Lab insigt into ow catalysts beave paved te way for a new, lean-burn diesel engine tat met emissions standards and improved fuel efficiency by 25% over conventional engines. Cemented a new material. National Lab scientists ave developed a novel and versatile material tat blends properties of ceramic and concrete to form a nonporous product tat can do everyting from seal oil wells to insulate walls wit extra fire protection. It even sets in cold weater. Canneled cips and ips. Integrated circuits and artificial ips owe teir success to a National Lab discovery tat revealed ow to cange a material by injecting it wit carged atoms, called ions. Ion canneling is now standard practice in industry and science. Given fluorescent ligts teir big break. Cances are you re reading tis using energy-efficient fluorescent ligting, and cances are tose ligts use electronic ballasts, wic control te current flowing troug te ligt. Te ballast was developed at a National Lab in te 1970s wit elp from te ligting industry. Put eyes in te sky. Vela satellites, first launced in 1963 to detect potential nuclear detonations, transformed te nascent U.S. space program. Te satellites featured optical sensors and data processing, logic and power subsystems designed and created by National Labs. 50 Built a better building. Te Department of Energy as built one of te world s most energy-efficient office buildings. Te facility, operating as a living laboratory at a National Lab site, uses 50% less energy tan required by commercial codes and only consumes energy produced by renewable power on or near te building. AMERICA S NATIONAL LABORATORIES Engineered smart windows. National Lab scientists ave created igly insulated windows tat cange color to modulate interior temperatures and ligting. If broadly installed, tey could save about 5% of te nation s total energy budget. g s u o r t Break Canged te face of matter. Protons and neutrons were once tougt to be indivisible. Wrong. National Lab scientists discovered tat protons and neutrons were made of even smaller parts, called quarks. Later experiments identified six kinds of quarks, canging our view of ow te material world works. M A DE IN U S A by Harvested energy from air. AMERICA S A miniature device commercialized by private industry after a National Lab breaktroug generates enoug power from small temperature canges to power wireless sensors or radio-frequency transmitters at remote sites, suc as dams, bridges and pipelines. NATIONAL Simulated reality. Trains, planes and cars and tousands of oter objects are safer, stronger and better-designed tanks to computer simulation software first developed at a National Laboratory. LABS Gone grid friendly. Regulating te energy use of ouseold appliances, especially at peak times, could slas energy demand and avoid blackouts. A National Lab appliance-control device senses grid stress and responds instantly to turn off macines and reduce enduse demand, balancing te system so tat te power stays on. For more information, contact Produced by te Department of Public Affairs, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Design: Creative Services Office CSO_21134

6 Improved airport security. Weapons, explosives, plastic devices and oter tools concealed by terrorists are easier to detect tanks to tecnology developed at a National Lab and now installed in airports worldwide. Preserved te sounds of yesteryear. National Lab scientists engineered a ig-tec way to digitally reconstruct aging sound recordings tat are too fragile to play, suc as Edison wax cylinders from te late 1800s. Arcivists estimate tat many of te millions of recordings in te world s sound arcives, including te U.S. Library of Congress, could benefit from te tecnology. Turned an additive green. Found in everyday products suc as antifreeze, paints and plastics, propylene glycol can now be produced from biomass instead of petroleum. Te cost-competitive and renewable alternative process originated at a National Lab and is now in commercial use. Transformed inventory control. From finding, identifying and determining te condition of supplies loaded on sips to evaluating te readiness of battlefield munitions, inventory control as been simplified tanks to advanced radio-frequency identification tagging tecniques devised by National Lab engineers and Solved a diesel dilemma. A National Lab insigt into ow catalysts beave paved te way for a new, lean-burn diesel engine tat met emissions standards and improved fuel efficiency by 25% over conventional engines. Cemented a new material. National Lab scientists ave developed a novel and versatile material tat blends properties of ceramic and concrete to form a nonporous product tat can do everyting from seal oil wells to insulate walls wit extra fire protection. It even sets in cold weater. Canneled cips and ips. Integrated circuits and artificial ips owe teir success to a National Lab discovery tat revealed ow to cange a material by injecting it wit carged atoms, called ions. Ion canneling is now standard practice in industry and science. Given fluorescent ligts teir big break. Cances are you re reading tis using energy-efficient fluorescent ligting, and cances are tose ligts use electronic ballasts, wic control te current flowing troug te ligt. Te ballast was developed at a National Lab in te 1970s wit elp from te ligting industry. Put eyes in te sky. Vela satellites, first launced in 1963 to detect potential nuclear detonations, transformed te nascent U.S. space program. Te satellites featured optical sensors and data processing, logic and power subsystems designed and created by National Labs. 50 Built a better building. Te Department of Energy as built one of te world s most energy-efficient office buildings. Te facility, operating as a living laboratory at a National Lab site, uses 50% less energy tan required by commercial codes and only consumes energy produced by renewable power on or near te building. AMERICA S NATIONAL LABORATORIES Engineered smart windows. National Lab scientists ave created igly insulated windows tat cange color to modulate interior temperatures and ligting. If broadly installed, tey could save about 5% of te nation s total energy budget. g s u o r t Break Canged te face of matter. Protons and neutrons were once tougt to be indivisible. Wrong. National Lab scientists discovered tat protons and neutrons were made of even smaller parts, called quarks. Later experiments identified six kinds of quarks, canging our view of ow te material world works. M A DE IN U S A by Harvested energy from air. AMERICA S A miniature device commercialized by private industry after a National Lab breaktroug generates enoug power from small temperature canges to power wireless sensors or radio-frequency transmitters at remote sites, suc as dams, bridges and pipelines. NATIONAL Simulated reality. Trains, planes and cars and tousands of oter objects are safer, stronger and better-designed tanks to computer simulation software first developed at a National Laboratory. LABS Gone grid friendly. Regulating te energy use of ouseold appliances, especially at peak times, could slas energy demand and avoid blackouts. A National Lab appliance-control device senses grid stress and responds instantly to turn off macines and reduce enduse demand, balancing te system so tat te power stays on. For more information, contact Produced by te Department of Public Affairs, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Design: Creative Services Office CSO_21134

The EOQ Inventory Formula

The EOQ Inventory Formula Te EOQ Inventory Formula James M. Cargal Matematics Department Troy University Montgomery Campus A basic problem for businesses and manufacturers is, wen ordering supplies, to determine wat quantity of

More information

Instantaneous Rate of Change:

Instantaneous Rate of Change: Instantaneous Rate of Cange: Last section we discovered tat te average rate of cange in F(x) can also be interpreted as te slope of a scant line. Te average rate of cange involves te cange in F(x) over

More information

Operation go-live! Mastering the people side of operational readiness

Operation go-live! Mastering the people side of operational readiness ! I 2 London 2012 te ultimate Up to 30% of te value of a capital programme can be destroyed due to operational readiness failures. 1 In te complex interplay between tecnology, infrastructure and process,

More information

For Sale By Owner Program. We can help with our for sale by owner kit that includes:

For Sale By Owner Program. We can help with our for sale by owner kit that includes: Dawn Coen Broker/Owner For Sale By Owner Program If you want to sell your ome By Owner wy not:: For Sale Dawn Coen Broker/Owner YOUR NAME YOUR PHONE # Look as professional as possible Be totally prepared

More information

2.23 Gambling Rehabilitation Services. Introduction

2.23 Gambling Rehabilitation Services. Introduction 2.23 Gambling Reabilitation Services Introduction Figure 1 Since 1995 provincial revenues from gambling activities ave increased over 56% from $69.2 million in 1995 to $108 million in 2004. Te majority

More information

An Orientation to the Public Health System for Participants and Spectators

An Orientation to the Public Health System for Participants and Spectators An Orientation to te Public Healt System for Participants and Spectators Presented by TEAM ORANGE CRUSH Pallisa Curtis, Illinois Department of Public Healt Lynn Galloway, Vermillion County Healt Department

More information

Tangent Lines and Rates of Change

Tangent Lines and Rates of Change Tangent Lines and Rates of Cange 9-2-2005 Given a function y = f(x), ow do you find te slope of te tangent line to te grap at te point P(a, f(a))? (I m tinking of te tangent line as a line tat just skims

More information

h Understanding the safe operating principles and h Gaining maximum benefit and efficiency from your h Evaluating your testing system's performance

h Understanding the safe operating principles and h Gaining maximum benefit and efficiency from your h Evaluating your testing system's performance EXTRA TM Instron Services Revolve Around You It is everyting you expect from a global organization Te global training centers offer a complete educational service for users of advanced materials testing

More information

A strong credit score can help you score a lower rate on a mortgage

A strong credit score can help you score a lower rate on a mortgage NET GAIN Scoring points for your financial future AS SEEN IN USA TODAY S MONEY SECTION, JULY 3, 2007 A strong credit score can elp you score a lower rate on a mortgage By Sandra Block Sales of existing

More information

Types of Engineering Jobs

Types of Engineering Jobs What Do Engineers Do? Engineers apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to the economical solution of practical technical problems. I.e. To solve problems Often their work is the link

More information

10 Building Code Opportunities for California Local Governments

10 Building Code Opportunities for California Local Governments IN PARTNERSHIP WITH 0 Building Code Opportunities for California Local Governments Go beyond Title 24 codes by instituting local ordinances tat elp you reac your climate goals sooner and reap rewards earlier.

More information

2.28 EDGE Program. Introduction

2.28 EDGE Program. Introduction Introduction Te Economic Diversification and Growt Enterprises Act became effective on 1 January 1995. Te creation of tis Act was to encourage new businesses to start or expand in Newfoundland and Labrador.

More information

What is Advanced Corporate Finance? What is finance? What is Corporate Finance? Deciding how to optimally manage a firm s assets and liabilities.

What is Advanced Corporate Finance? What is finance? What is Corporate Finance? Deciding how to optimally manage a firm s assets and liabilities. Wat is? Spring 2008 Note: Slides are on te web Wat is finance? Deciding ow to optimally manage a firm s assets and liabilities. Managing te costs and benefits associated wit te timing of cas in- and outflows

More information

Lecture 10: What is a Function, definition, piecewise defined functions, difference quotient, domain of a function

Lecture 10: What is a Function, definition, piecewise defined functions, difference quotient, domain of a function Lecture 10: Wat is a Function, definition, piecewise defined functions, difference quotient, domain of a function A function arises wen one quantity depends on anoter. Many everyday relationsips between

More information

Derivatives Math 120 Calculus I D Joyce, Fall 2013

Derivatives Math 120 Calculus I D Joyce, Fall 2013 Derivatives Mat 20 Calculus I D Joyce, Fall 203 Since we ave a good understanding of its, we can develop derivatives very quickly. Recall tat we defined te derivative f x of a function f at x to be te

More information

College Planning Using Cash Value Life Insurance

College Planning Using Cash Value Life Insurance College Planning Using Cas Value Life Insurance CAUTION: Te advisor is urged to be extremely cautious of anoter college funding veicle wic provides a guaranteed return of premium immediately if funded

More information

CLEAN ENERGY IS POSSIBLE

CLEAN ENERGY IS POSSIBLE Front Lines of ope CLEAN ENERGY IS POSSIBLE ow Scripps and NextEra Collaborate to Make it Prac9cal and Plen9ful An introduction to PROF. ROY PERIANA EDUCATION B.S. University of Michigan Ph.D. University

More information

Pioneer Fund Story. Searching for Value Today and Tomorrow. Pioneer Funds Equities

Pioneer Fund Story. Searching for Value Today and Tomorrow. Pioneer Funds Equities Pioneer Fund Story Searcing for Value Today and Tomorrow Pioneer Funds Equities Pioneer Fund A Cornerstone of Financial Foundations Since 1928 Te fund s relatively cautious stance as kept it competitive

More information

Torchmark Corporation 2001 Third Avenue South Birmingham, Alabama 35233 Contact: Joyce Lane 972-569-3627 NYSE Symbol: TMK

Torchmark Corporation 2001 Third Avenue South Birmingham, Alabama 35233 Contact: Joyce Lane 972-569-3627 NYSE Symbol: TMK News Release Torcmark Corporation 2001 Tird Avenue Sout Birmingam, Alabama 35233 Contact: Joyce Lane 972-569-3627 NYSE Symbol: TMK TORCHMARK CORPORATION REPORTS FOURTH QUARTER AND YEAR-END 2004 RESULTS

More information

Chapter 10: Refrigeration Cycles

Chapter 10: Refrigeration Cycles Capter 10: efrigeration Cycles Te vapor compression refrigeration cycle is a common metod for transferring eat from a low temperature to a ig temperature. Te above figure sows te objectives of refrigerators

More information

What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide

What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide Subject Area Unit Grade Time Science Earth Science K - 1st grade 45 minutes Overview This activity reinforces the concept that the sun supplies

More information

Radiation and the Universe Higher Exam revision questions and answers

Radiation and the Universe Higher Exam revision questions and answers Radiation and the Universe Higher Exam revision questions and answers Madeley High School Q.The names of three different processes are given in List A. Where these processes happen is given in List B.

More information

Research on the Anti-perspective Correction Algorithm of QR Barcode

Research on the Anti-perspective Correction Algorithm of QR Barcode Researc on te Anti-perspective Correction Algoritm of QR Barcode Jianua Li, Yi-Wen Wang, YiJun Wang,Yi Cen, Guoceng Wang Key Laboratory of Electronic Tin Films and Integrated Devices University of Electronic

More information

Ending tobacco smoking in Britain. Radical strategies for prevention and harm reduction in nicotine addiction

Ending tobacco smoking in Britain. Radical strategies for prevention and harm reduction in nicotine addiction Ending tobacco smoking in Britain Radical strategies for prevention and arm reduction in nicotine addiction A report by te Tobacco Advisory Group of te Royal College of Pysicians, September 2008 Acknowledgements

More information

Once you have reviewed the bulletin, please

Once you have reviewed the bulletin, please Akron Public Scools OFFICE OF CAREER EDUCATION BULLETIN #5 : Driver Responsibilities 1. Akron Board of Education employees assigned to drive Board-owned or leased veicles MUST BE FAMILIAR wit te Business

More information

Working Capital 2013 UK plc s unproductive 69 billion

Working Capital 2013 UK plc s unproductive 69 billion 2013 Executive summary 2. Te level of excess working capital increased 3. UK sectors acieve a mixed performance 4. Size matters in te supply cain 6. Not all companies are overflowing wit cas 8. Excess

More information

Introduction To Engineering Design

Introduction To Engineering Design Introduction To Engineering Design Module Outline Unit 1: Introduction to the Engineering Design Process Section 1: The Work of Engineers Section 2: Block Diagrams in Engineering Designs Unit 2: Careers

More information

Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Nuclear Fission and Fusion CHAPTER 0 2 SECTION Nuclear Changes Nuclear Fission and Fusion KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What holds the nucleus of an atom together? What happens when the nucleus

More information

1.6. Analyse Optimum Volume and Surface Area. Maximum Volume for a Given Surface Area. Example 1. Solution

1.6. Analyse Optimum Volume and Surface Area. Maximum Volume for a Given Surface Area. Example 1. Solution 1.6 Analyse Optimum Volume and Surface Area Estimation and oter informal metods of optimizing measures suc as surface area and volume often lead to reasonable solutions suc as te design of te tent in tis

More information

Schedulability Analysis under Graph Routing in WirelessHART Networks

Schedulability Analysis under Graph Routing in WirelessHART Networks Scedulability Analysis under Grap Routing in WirelessHART Networks Abusayeed Saifulla, Dolvara Gunatilaka, Paras Tiwari, Mo Sa, Cenyang Lu, Bo Li Cengjie Wu, and Yixin Cen Department of Computer Science,

More information

How nuclear products keep us healthy and safe

How nuclear products keep us healthy and safe How nuclear products keep us healthy and safe Millions of Ontarians benefit from electricity generated by Ontario Power Generation. Few people are aware that the company also brings benefits to people

More information

Digital evolution Where next for the consumer facing business?

Digital evolution Where next for the consumer facing business? Were next for te consumer facing business? Cover 2 Digital tecnologies are powerful enablers and lie beind a combination of disruptive forces. Teir rapid continuous development demands a response from

More information

- 1 - Handout #22 May 23, 2012 Huffman Encoding and Data Compression. CS106B Spring 2012. Handout by Julie Zelenski with minor edits by Keith Schwarz

- 1 - Handout #22 May 23, 2012 Huffman Encoding and Data Compression. CS106B Spring 2012. Handout by Julie Zelenski with minor edits by Keith Schwarz CS106B Spring 01 Handout # May 3, 01 Huffman Encoding and Data Compression Handout by Julie Zelenski wit minor edits by Keit Scwarz In te early 1980s, personal computers ad ard disks tat were no larger

More information

T E A C H E R S N O T E S

T E A C H E R S N O T E S T E A C H E R S N O T E S Focus: Students explore energy: its sources, forms, and transformations. Students also consider the benefits of energy-efficient technologies and energy conservation. Learning

More information

NAFN NEWS SPRING2011 ISSUE 7. Welcome to the Spring edition of the NAFN Newsletter! INDEX. Service Updates Follow That Car! Turn Back The Clock

NAFN NEWS SPRING2011 ISSUE 7. Welcome to the Spring edition of the NAFN Newsletter! INDEX. Service Updates Follow That Car! Turn Back The Clock NAFN NEWS ISSUE 7 SPRING2011 Welcome to te Spring edition of te NAFN Newsletter! Spring is in te air at NAFN as we see several new services cropping up. Driving and transport emerged as a natural teme

More information

Quasi-static Multilayer Electrical Modeling of Human Limb for IBC

Quasi-static Multilayer Electrical Modeling of Human Limb for IBC Quasi-static Multilayer Electrical Modeling of Human Limb for IBC S H Pun 1,2, Y M Gao 2,3, P U Mak 1,2, M I Vai 1,2,3, and M Du 2,3 1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Science

More information

Spacecraft Power for Cassini

Spacecraft Power for Cassini NASA Fact Sheet Spacecraft Power for Cassini Cassini s electrical power source Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) have provided electrical power for some of the U.S. space program s greatest

More information

Environmental Benefits of Pervious Concrete

Environmental Benefits of Pervious Concrete Environmental Benefits of Pervious Concrete Concrete Can Be Recycled When the time comes to demolish a concrete structure or pavement, the material need not be wasted. It can be crushed and used as aggregate,

More information

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Our Solar System is a collection of gravitationally interacting bodies that include Earth and the Moon. Universal

More information

Chapter 4 & 25 Notes Atomic Structure and Nuclear Chemistry Page 1

Chapter 4 & 25 Notes Atomic Structure and Nuclear Chemistry Page 1 Chapter 4 & 25 Notes Atomic Structure and Nuclear Chemistry Page 1 DEFINING THE ATOM Early Models of the Atom In this chapter, we will look into the tiny fundamental particles that make up matter. An atom

More information

A FLOW NETWORK ANALYSIS OF A LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM THAT INCORPORATES MICROCHANNEL HEAT SINKS

A FLOW NETWORK ANALYSIS OF A LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM THAT INCORPORATES MICROCHANNEL HEAT SINKS A FLOW NETWORK ANALYSIS OF A LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM THAT INCORPORATES MICROCHANNEL HEAT SINKS Amir Radmer and Suas V. Patankar Innovative Researc, Inc. 3025 Harbor Lane Nort, Suite 300 Plymout, MN 55447

More information

The Atom. Unit 3 Atomic Structure And Nuclear Chemistry. Ancient Ideas of the Atom. Ancient Ideas of the Atom. Ancient Ideas of the Atom

The Atom. Unit 3 Atomic Structure And Nuclear Chemistry. Ancient Ideas of the Atom. Ancient Ideas of the Atom. Ancient Ideas of the Atom 1 The Atom Unit 3 Atomic Structure And Nuclear Chemistry What are the basic parts of an atom? How is an atom identified? What is nuclear chemistry? How is a nuclear equation written? Atom Smallest particle

More information

1. Case description. Best practice description

1. Case description. Best practice description 1. Case description Best practice description Tis case sows ow a large multinational went troug a bottom up organisational cange to become a knowledge-based company. A small community on knowledge Management

More information

Myths and Realities about Wind, Water, and Sun (WWS) Versus Current Fuels Mark Z. Jacobson September 26, 2012

Myths and Realities about Wind, Water, and Sun (WWS) Versus Current Fuels Mark Z. Jacobson September 26, 2012 MythsandRealitiesaboutWind,Water,andSun(WWS)VersusCurrentFuels MarkZ.Jacobson September26,2012 Severalmythshavedevelopedaroundwind,water,andsolar(WWS)energyresources.Just afewoftheseareaddressedhere. 1)

More information

RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX

RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX U.S.C.G. AUXILIARY STANDARD AV-04-4 Draft Standard Doc. AV- 04-4 18 August 2004 RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX STANDARD FOR AUXILIARY AVIATION UNITED STATES COAST GUARD AUXILIARY NATIONAL OPERATIONS DEPARTMENT

More information

Optimizing Desktop Virtualization Solutions with the Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator

Optimizing Desktop Virtualization Solutions with the Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator Optimizing Desktop Virtualization Solutions wit te Cisco UCS Accelerator Solution Brief February 2013 Higligts Delivers linear virtual desktop storage scalability wit consistent, predictable performance

More information

Comparison between two approaches to overload control in a Real Server: local or hybrid solutions?

Comparison between two approaches to overload control in a Real Server: local or hybrid solutions? Comparison between two approaces to overload control in a Real Server: local or ybrid solutions? S. Montagna and M. Pignolo Researc and Development Italtel S.p.A. Settimo Milanese, ITALY Abstract Tis wor

More information

Photovoltaic System Technology

Photovoltaic System Technology Photovoltaic System Technology Photovoltaic Cells What Does Photovoltaic Mean? Solar electricity is created using photovoltaic cells (or PV cells). The word photovoltaic is made up of two words: photo

More information

A long time ago, people looked

A long time ago, people looked Supercool Space Tools! By Linda Hermans-Killam A long time ago, people looked into the dark night sky and wondered about the stars, meteors, comets and planets they saw. The only tools they had to study

More information

FIND IT! FIX IT! REPORT IT! Resolving Water Loss Claims

FIND IT! FIX IT! REPORT IT! Resolving Water Loss Claims FIND IT! FIX IT! REPORT IT! Resolving Water Loss Claims ABOUT THE AUTHOR Leak Doctor, Inc. Why choose the Leak Doctor? A commitment to provide hands on service for every aspect of your water leak problems.

More information

Environmental Science 101 Energy. Web-Based Course. Lecture Outline: Terms You Should Know: Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment:

Environmental Science 101 Energy. Web-Based Course. Lecture Outline: Terms You Should Know: Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment: Environmental Science 101 Energy 1 Web-Based Course Lecture Outline: 5. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES MODULE 5.1 Improving Energy Efficiency A. Improving Energy Efficiency MODULE 5.2 Geothermal, Hydro and

More information

Notes: Most of the material in this chapter is taken from Young and Freedman, Chap. 12.

Notes: Most of the material in this chapter is taken from Young and Freedman, Chap. 12. Capter 6. Fluid Mecanics Notes: Most of te material in tis capter is taken from Young and Freedman, Cap. 12. 6.1 Fluid Statics Fluids, i.e., substances tat can flow, are te subjects of tis capter. But

More information

Fuel Tanker Online Content Monitoring. Petroleum Products Real Time! Solution for Modern Businesses

Fuel Tanker Online Content Monitoring. Petroleum Products Real Time! Solution for Modern Businesses Fuel Tanker Online Content Monitoring Petroleum Products Real Time! Solution for Modern Businesses TRACK your Trucks From Loading to Discharge... Benefits: Systems Fuel offers a complete line of tank monitoring

More information

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States LBNL-1334E ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York

More information

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3 To describe energy storage

More information

ENERGY DEPARTMENT. Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer

ENERGY DEPARTMENT. Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer ENERGY DEPARTMENT Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer National SBIR/STTR Fall Conference April 30-May 3, 2007 Larry James SBIR/STTR Acting Program Director SBIR/STTR

More information

http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos115.htm Science Technicians

http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos115.htm Science Technicians http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos115.htm Science Technicians * Nature of the Work * Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement * Employment * Job Outlook * Projections Data * Earnings * OES Data * Related

More information

1. In the general symbol cleus, which of the three letters. 2. What is the mass number of an alpha particle?

1. In the general symbol cleus, which of the three letters. 2. What is the mass number of an alpha particle? 1. In the general symbol cleus, which of the three letters Z A X for a nu represents the atomic number? 2. What is the mass number of an alpha particle? 3. What is the mass number of a beta particle? 4.

More information

His solution? Federal law that requires government agencies and private industry to encrypt, or digitally scramble, sensitive data.

His solution? Federal law that requires government agencies and private industry to encrypt, or digitally scramble, sensitive data. NET GAIN Scoring points for your financial future AS SEEN IN USA TODAY S MONEY SECTION, FEBRUARY 9, 2007 Tec experts plot to catc identity tieves Politicians to security gurus offer ideas to prevent data

More information

Testimony of Elizabeth Rogan CEO The Optical Society House Commerce, Justice, and Science Subcommittee House Appropriations Committee March 22, 2012

Testimony of Elizabeth Rogan CEO The Optical Society House Commerce, Justice, and Science Subcommittee House Appropriations Committee March 22, 2012 Testimony of Elizabeth Rogan CEO The Optical Society House Commerce, Justice, and Science Subcommittee House Appropriations Committee March 22, 2012 Good morning, Chairman Wolf and Ranking Member Fattah.

More information

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

More information

Scope and Sequence Interactive Science grades 6-8

Scope and Sequence Interactive Science grades 6-8 Science and Technology Chapter 1. What Is Science? 1. Science and the Natural World 2.Thinking Like a Scientist 3. Scientific Inquiry Scope and Sequence Interactive Science grades 6-8 Chapter 2. Science,

More information

a pocket guide to: what engineers do engineering.asu.edu

a pocket guide to: what engineers do engineering.asu.edu a pocket guide to: what engineers do Engineers are innovators that discover and design ways to make people s lives easier, safer and better. Engineers create technology, infrastructure, processes and materials

More information

22.1 Nuclear Reactions

22.1 Nuclear Reactions In the Middle Ages, individuals called alchemists spent a lot of time trying to make gold. Often, they fooled people into believing that they had made gold. Although alchemists never succeeded in making

More information

School of Engineering

School of Engineering College of Science, Engineering and Technology School of Engineering Learn without limits. college of science, engineering and technology Civil engineering is the art and science of planning, design and

More information

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed?

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed? Did You Know? Because natural gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, mercaptan (a chemical that smells like sulfur) is added before distribution, to give it a distinct unpleasant odor (it smells like

More information

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,

More information

A system to monitor the quality of automated coding of textual answers to open questions

A system to monitor the quality of automated coding of textual answers to open questions Researc in Official Statistics Number 2/2001 A system to monitor te quality of automated coding of textual answers to open questions Stefania Maccia * and Marcello D Orazio ** Italian National Statistical

More information

Why is it renewable? Well, the sun will always be there for us, and we can use as much of the sun s energy as we want and it will never run out.

Why is it renewable? Well, the sun will always be there for us, and we can use as much of the sun s energy as we want and it will never run out. 6. Solar Energy So far we have been looking at how to reduce CO 2 emissions by cutting down on our use of fossil fuels. Now let s look at getting renewable energy from the sun. Why is it renewable? Well,

More information

Antoine Henri Becquerel was born in Paris on December 15, 1852

Antoine Henri Becquerel was born in Paris on December 15, 1852 Discovery Antoine Henri Becquerel was born in Paris on December 15, 1852 Summit Environmental Technologies, Inc. Analytical Laboratories 3310 Win Street Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio 44223 Fax: 1-330-253-4489 Call

More information

Industrial tracers - Finding leaks and blockages

Industrial tracers - Finding leaks and blockages Cancer Treatment Alpha radiation is used to treat various forms of cancer. This process, called unsealed source radiotherapy, involves inserting tiny amounts of radium-226 into cancerous organs. The alpha

More information

Area of a Parallelogram

Area of a Parallelogram Area of a Parallelogram Focus on After tis lesson, you will be able to... φ develop te φ formula for te area of a parallelogram calculate te area of a parallelogram One of te sapes a marcing band can make

More information

Verifying Numerical Convergence Rates

Verifying Numerical Convergence Rates 1 Order of accuracy Verifying Numerical Convergence Rates We consider a numerical approximation of an exact value u. Te approximation depends on a small parameter, suc as te grid size or time step, and

More information

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education *0123456789* PHYSICS 0625/04 Paper 4 Theory (Extended) For Examination from 2016 SPECIMEN PAPER 1

More information

Staying in-between Music Technology in Higher Education

Staying in-between Music Technology in Higher Education Staying in-between Music Tecnology in Higer Education (Post-modern) Callenges and Opportunities for Music Tecnology Education Carola Boem Carola Boem Centre for Music Tecnology Department of Music Department

More information

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3: To define the efficiency

More information

Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects The flow of energy drives processes of change in all biological, chemical, physical, and geological

More information

ADVANCED DESIGN APPLICATIONS. Course Overview. 36 Weeks. REVIEW PART 1: Brainstorming and Engineering Journal (1 class period)

ADVANCED DESIGN APPLICATIONS. Course Overview. 36 Weeks. REVIEW PART 1: Brainstorming and Engineering Journal (1 class period) ADVANCED DESIGN APPLICATIONS Course Overview 36 Weeks REVIEW: TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING REVIEW (9 Class Periods) REVIEW PART 1: Brainstorming and Engineering Journal (1 class period) Purpose: The purpose

More information

Period 18 Solutions: Consequences of Nuclear Energy Use

Period 18 Solutions: Consequences of Nuclear Energy Use Period 18 Solutions: Consequences of Nuclear Energy Use 12/22/12 As you watch the videos in class today, look for a pro-nuclear or anti-nuclear bias on the part of the video producers, narrators, and interviewers.

More information

MATHEMATICS FOR ENGINEERING DIFFERENTIATION TUTORIAL 1 - BASIC DIFFERENTIATION

MATHEMATICS FOR ENGINEERING DIFFERENTIATION TUTORIAL 1 - BASIC DIFFERENTIATION MATHEMATICS FOR ENGINEERING DIFFERENTIATION TUTORIAL 1 - BASIC DIFFERENTIATION Tis tutorial is essential pre-requisite material for anyone stuing mecanical engineering. Tis tutorial uses te principle of

More information

Focused Learning Lesson Physical Science Grade Levels 9 12 PS-H-G4

Focused Learning Lesson Physical Science Grade Levels 9 12 PS-H-G4 Focused Learning Lesson Physical Science Grade Levels 9 12 PS-H-G4 Overview: This lesson provides students the opportunity to study positive and negative aspects of various types of energy through critical

More information

ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING By Joan Omoruyi, Engineering Librarian, Northeastern University

ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING By Joan Omoruyi, Engineering Librarian, Northeastern University ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING By Joan Omoruyi, Engineering Librarian, Northeastern University. Soon after physicists began to understand electricity, the electrical engineering profession was born

More information

Distributed and Centralized Bypass Architectures Compared. E. Guidotti - AC Power Product Manager A. Ferro - Key Account Manager

Distributed and Centralized Bypass Architectures Compared. E. Guidotti - AC Power Product Manager A. Ferro - Key Account Manager Distributed and Centralized Bypass Arcitectures Compared E. Guidotti - AC Power Product Manager A. Ferro - Key Account Manager Contents Executive Summary 3 Distributed / Centralized - System description

More information

Optimized Data Indexing Algorithms for OLAP Systems

Optimized Data Indexing Algorithms for OLAP Systems Database Systems Journal vol. I, no. 2/200 7 Optimized Data Indexing Algoritms for OLAP Systems Lucian BORNAZ Faculty of Cybernetics, Statistics and Economic Informatics Academy of Economic Studies, Bucarest

More information

WHAT EMERGED FROM THE BIG BANG?

WHAT EMERGED FROM THE BIG BANG? 2 WHAT EMERGED FROM THE BIG BANG? David Christian explains how the Big Bang theory developed during the 20th century. This three-part lecture focuses on how the evidence for the expansion of the Universe

More information

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2 Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to

More information

Warm medium, T H T T H T L. s Cold medium, T L

Warm medium, T H T T H T L. s Cold medium, T L Refrigeration Cycle Heat flows in direction of decreasing temperature, i.e., from ig-temperature to low temperature regions. Te transfer of eat from a low-temperature to ig-temperature requires a refrigerator

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Rainwater Harvesting With climate change now a reality rather than a speculated possibility, the demand on water resources has gone up, whilst the amount of water available for supply has gone down. Forth

More information

Computer Science and Engineering, UCSD October 7, 1999 Goldreic-Levin Teorem Autor: Bellare Te Goldreic-Levin Teorem 1 Te problem We æx a an integer n for te lengt of te strings involved. If a is an n-bit

More information

P4 Learning Outcomes. Recall that electrostatics can be useful for spraying: spray painting crop spraying.

P4 Learning Outcomes. Recall that electrostatics can be useful for spraying: spray painting crop spraying. Objectives. Recognise that when some materials are rubbed they attract other objects: certain types of dusting brushes become charged and attract dust as they pass over it. Recognise that insulating materials

More information

The parts of a nuclear fission reactor

The parts of a nuclear fission reactor P2 6.1a Student practical sheet The parts of a nuclear fission reactor Making uranium-235 split and produce energy is actually remarkably easy. The trick is to make it do so in a controllable way. Aim

More information

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY BLUEPRINT

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY BLUEPRINT SUSTAINABLE ENERGY BLUEPRINT A PLAUSIBLE STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING A NO-NUCLEAR, LOW- CARBON, HIGHLY-EFFICIENT AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURE The following statement outlines an ambitious but doable strategy

More information

Predicting the behavior of interacting humans by fusing data from multiple sources

Predicting the behavior of interacting humans by fusing data from multiple sources Predicting te beavior of interacting umans by fusing data from multiple sources Erik J. Sclict 1, Ritcie Lee 2, David H. Wolpert 3,4, Mykel J. Kocenderfer 1, and Brendan Tracey 5 1 Lincoln Laboratory,

More information

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below)

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below) Vocabulary Slap Game ( Flyswatter Game ) Directions: Project a Vocabulary Scramble sheet on a projection screen or Smart Board. Divide the class into two teams. Each team sends one person up to the screen.

More information

The Dynamics of Movie Purchase and Rental Decisions: Customer Relationship Implications to Movie Studios

The Dynamics of Movie Purchase and Rental Decisions: Customer Relationship Implications to Movie Studios Te Dynamics of Movie Purcase and Rental Decisions: Customer Relationsip Implications to Movie Studios Eddie Ree Associate Professor Business Administration Stoneill College 320 Wasington St Easton, MA

More information

The Demand for Food Away From Home Full-Service or Fast Food?

The Demand for Food Away From Home Full-Service or Fast Food? United States Department of Agriculture Electronic Report from te Economic Researc Service www.ers.usda.gov Agricultural Economic Report No. 829 January 2004 Te Demand for Food Away From Home Full-Service

More information

Invite you to enter Global Clean Tech Open IDEAS Competition Making the world clean and green, one idea at a time.

Invite you to enter Global Clean Tech Open IDEAS Competition Making the world clean and green, one idea at a time. Prof. Yehuda Kahane Head of the Alfred Akirov Institute for Business & the Environment Elad Shaviv Host of the Israeli Competition Sponsored by: Invite you to enter Global Clean Tech Open IDEAS Competition

More information

Structure and Properties of Atoms

Structure and Properties of Atoms PS-2.1 Compare the subatomic particles (protons, neutrons, electrons) of an atom with regard to mass, location, and charge, and explain how these particles affect the properties of an atom (including identity,

More information

Section 2.3 Solving Right Triangle Trigonometry

Section 2.3 Solving Right Triangle Trigonometry Section.3 Solving Rigt Triangle Trigonometry Eample In te rigt triangle ABC, A = 40 and c = 1 cm. Find a, b, and B. sin 40 a a c 1 a 1sin 40 7.7cm cos 40 b c b 1 b 1cos40 9.cm A 40 1 b C B a B = 90 - A

More information