C'est mon jour de chance!

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1 > C'est mon jour de chance! It's my lucky day! 'on' et 'in' pronunciation practice avoir the verb 'to have' les liaisons linking words voici... here is... les adjectifs possessifs possessive adjectives très et trop very and too Listen to the following text and repeat after each sentence. Pay special attention to the sounds: and on as in mon in as in matin

2 Aujourd'hui, c'est mon jour de chance. Today, it's my lucky day! Le matin, je prends ma voiture. In the morning, I take my car. Les magasins sont loin de chez moi. The shops are a long way from my place. Mes paniers sont toujours lourds. My baskets are always heavy. Je trouve une place de parking immédiatement, c'est mon jour de chance! I find a parking place immediately, it's my lucky day! C'est pas étonnant, c'est mon anniversaire aujourd'hui! That's not surprising, it's my birthday today! C'est normal pour moi d'avoir de la chance le jour de mon anniversaire. It's to be expected that I should have some luck on my birthday. En plus, dans les magasins, il y a des soldes, et j'ai le temps. What's more, in the shops, there are sales and I have the time. C'est mon jour de repos. It's my day off. C'est vraiment mon jour de chance! It really is my lucky day! Si je trouve quelque chose... un pantalon, une robe, un manteau, des chaussures... If I find something... a pair of trousers, a dress, an overcoat, some shoes... Oh voilà justement, un très beau pull noir et blanc, très à la mode et pas trop cher. Ah look exactly, a very beautiful black and white pullover, very fashionable and not too expensive.

3 Il est pour moi, c'est décidé! It's for me, it's decided!... en quatre points The lesson in four points 1) Le verbe «avoir» To have Avoir is one of the most important verbs in French. You need to be able to conjugate it without hesitating: avoir le présent de l'indicatif j'ai I have tu as you have (singular) il a he has elle a she has nous avons we have vous avez you have ils ont they have (masculine) elles ont they have (feminine) Make clear in your mind the differences between avoir and être. The ai in the first person singular of avoir: j'ai I have sounds the same as the es and the est in the second and third person singular of être: tu es you are il est he is elle est

4 she is But ils sont they are and ils ont they have sound different. When saying ils ont we make a link between the s at the end of ils and the o at the beginning of ont. This liaison is pronounced z: Non, ici ils Ils ont des pains au chocolat? Do they have chocolate croissants? ont seulement des croissants. Mais, ils sont très bons, les croissants d'ici. Ils sont très frais. No, here they only have croissants. But they are very good, the croissants from here. They are very fresh. Remember (lesson 2) that avoir is used in the expression Il y a... There is... where the English translation uses the verb 'to be'. 2) Voici Il y a un petit problème, excusez-moi. There is a little problem, excuse-me. Est-ce qu'il y a une possibilité d'avoir un rendez-vous? Is there a possibility of having a meeting? Voici is used to present people or objects. Il y a encore de la place? Is there any place left?

5 Voici mes amis. Here are my friends. Voici mon bureau. Here is my office. Voici ma secrétaire. Here is my secretary. Voici le dossier complet de l'affaire. Here's the complete dossier on the matter. Voici le téléphone. Here's the telephone. Voici ton journal et tes cigarettes. Est-ce qu'il y a un cendrier sur ton bureau? Here is your paper and your cigarettes. Is there an ashtray on your desk? 3) Adjectifs possessifs Possessive adjectives Possessive adjectives mark ownership: 'my, your, his, her...' French resembles English in that the choice of possessive adjective depends on who's doing the owning. But the choice of the right French adjectif possessif also depends on the number and gender of the object possessed. For example, if I possess a masculine object, I use mon: J'ai un sac. If I possess a feminine object, it's ma: J'ai une valise. C'est mon sac. I have a bag. It's my bag. C'est ma valise. I have a suitcase. It's my suitcase. If I have more than one masculine object, I use mes: C'est mes sacs.

6 These are my bags. I also use mes if I have more than one feminine object: C'est mes valises. These are my suitcases. Here are all the possessive adjectives to use when there's just one possessor. les adjectifs possessifs for a feminine object (singular) j'ai une valise my suitcase ma valise for a masculine object (singular) j'ai un sac my bag mon sac tu as une valise your suitcase ta valise tu as un sac your bag ton sac il a une valise his suitcase sa valise il a un sac his bag son sac elle a une valise her suitcase sa valise elle a un sac her bag son sac for a femine object (plural) j'ai des valises my suitcases mes valises for a masculine object (plural) j'ai des sacs my bags mes sacs tu as des valises your suitcases tes valises tu as des sacs your bags tes sacs il a des valises his suitcases ses valises il a des sacs his bags ses sacs elle a des valises her suitcases ses valises elle a des sacs her bags ses sacs Notice that in English we have different possessive adjectives according to the sex of the possessor - 'his' or 'her'. But in French

7 son - sa - ses can mean 'his' or 'her': his bag her bag his suitcase her suitcase his bags son sac son sac sa valise sa valise ses sacs her bags ses sacs his suitcases ses valises her suitcases ses valises Unlike in English, in French you need to know the context to know the gender of the possessor. 4) Très et trop Très and trop are two very common words that sound similar but shouldn't be confused. très very trop too The difference in meaning can be quite significant: Il est très tard. It's very late. Il est trop tard. It is too late. You can form a liaison with the final consonant of très and trop if the word that follows begins with a vowel:

8 C'est très intéressant. trèzintéressant It's very interesting. Ce n'est pas trop tropimportant It's not very important. important.

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