GIS TECHNOLOGY FOR COASTAL MANAGEMENT: HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE SOUTHERN MARCHE COASTLINE AND MONITORING OF SAN BENEDETTO DEL TRONTO BEACH (AP)

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1 GIS TECHNOLOGY FOR COASTAL MANAGEMENT: HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE SOUTHERN MARCHE COASTLINE AND MONITORING OF SAN BENEDETTO DEL TRONTO BEACH (AP) A. Acciarri, G. Di Pancrazio, G. Pasquini UNIVERSITY OF CAMERINO School of Science and Technology Geology Division

2 Study area Conero Mount PESARO NE ANCONA E SE -The whole Marche coastline has a length of ca. 172 km: 28 km of cliff coast and 144 km of beaches SAN BENEDETTO D.T. - The study area has a length of ca. 74 km - Orientation NNO-SSE Tronto River - Normally the littoral sediment drift goes from S to N

3 RASTER DATA Catasto Gregoriano IGM Topografic Maps Ortofotocarta Regionale Aerial Photos RAF flight GRID VECTORIAL DATA CTR Shorelines Defense works Sampling sites Information layers Bathymetric Maps DEM RELATED TABLES Sedimentological analysis Beach profiles METADATA Accessorial data of instruments Cronology of events Data informations

4 Steps of study 1) Finding of previous maps Maps Years Catasto Gregoriano 1835 e 1874 Carta Topografica d Italia IGM 1892/94 e 1948/53 Foto aeree Volo Raf 1943/45 Ortofotocarta regionale Carta tecnica Regionale 2000 Foto aeree 2000 e ) Co-georeferencing and analysis of maps with the software ESRI ArcGis 9.3 3) Data processing, based on techniques of spatial analysis as DSAS (Digital Shoreline Analisys System 3.2), allowed to evaluate changes in shoreline position for each time interval

5 Digital Shoreline Analisys System - DSAS - The Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) is a GIS-based software computing rate-ofchange statistics from multiple historic shoreline positions. It is also useful for computing rates of change for any other fluctuation problem involving clearly identified feature positions at discrete times. DSAS generates transects casted perpendicular to the baseline with a user-specified spacing alongshore. Transect/shoreline intersections along this baseline are then used to calculate rate-of-change statistics.

6 19 th century

7 20th century

8 With of river mouths (m) Wooded areas (ha) Wooded areas variations Years

9 DECREASE Shoreline variations (m) INCREASE Porto Recanati Beach (MC) Musone R Physiographic Unit 2 Musone R. mouth - Potenza R. mouth Groyns1930 Potenza R Scossicci Beach Porto Recanati Beach Transect numbers

10 DECREASE Shoreline variations (m) INCREASE Porto Recanati Beach (MC) Physiographic Unit 2 Musone R. mouth - Potenza R. mouth F. Musone Scossicci Beach GROYNS 1930 Porto Recanati Beach Potenza R. Transect numbers

11 DECREASE Shoreline variations (m) INCREASE Porto Recanati Beach (MC) Physiographic Unit 2 Musone R. mouth - Potenza R. mouth F. Musone Scossicci Beach Potenza R. BREAKWATERS 1960 GROYNS 1930 Porto Recanati Beach Transect numbers

12 DECREASE Shoreline variations(m) INCREASE Porto Recanati Beach (MC) Physiographic Unit 2 Musone R. mouth - Potenza R. mouth F. Musone Scossicci Beach Potenza R. BREAKWATERS 1960 GROYNS 1930 Porto Recanati Beach Transect numbers

13 Porto Recanati Beach (MC) VIEW TO NORTH The development of the most of the beaches in the Marche Region matches with this evolutionary trend: in fact, over 67% (116 km out of 172 km) of the regional coastline is presently protected by some kind of defense works VIEW TO SOUTH

14 Monitoring of San Benedetto del Tronto beach (AP)

15 Study area

16 Issues related to erosion December 2008 January 2012

17 Monitoring of S. Benedetto del Tronto coastline: Geographical information system for data management ESRI ArcGIS 9.3 upgradability integration multidisciplinary creation of thematic maps previous data vectorial and raster data Multitemporality & Storage

18 Monitoring of S.Benedetto del Tronto coastline 1) Sedimentological analysis FINE SAND 2) GPS survey of the coastline 3) Bathymetric survey

19 GPS survey of the coastline

20 GPS survey of the coastline

21 Bathymetric survey

22 Possible causes of erosion

23 Possible causes of erosion

24 Conclusions A complete and homogeneous database has been realized. It allows to obtain a multidisciplinary, multitemporal and multiscale analysis. The historical evolution analysis of the coastline is the first step to set up a beach monitoring, aimed to individuate the possible erosion processes and planning future events.

25 THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION Working group: Prof. Carlo Bisci Prof. Gino Cantalamessa Ing. Giorgio Di Pancrazio

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