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1 All In a Day s Work Name: ** TEACHER S GUIDE ** A. I ve Got the Power! Match each responsibility of the president and vice president with the correct power or duty found in the Constitution. President s Responsibilities 1) _E Lead weekly meetings where I ask the leaders of executive branch departments for advice on how to handle the country s most difficult problems. 2) _L Go to Congress and give my yearly State of the Union speech on what s happening in America. 3) _M Decide whether to approve or reject a bill that Congress has sent me. 4) _B ollow the Constitution and the law even if I disagree with it. 5) _C Decide whether to send more troops into war knowing that some will die, but it will keep the country safe. 6) _A Make sure the Homeland Security properly carries out new airport safety laws that will anger some travelers. 7) _K Hold a press conference where I ask Congress to spend more money on space exploration. 8) _G Decide whether to let someone out of prison based on the prisoner s good conduct and particular circumstances 9) _H Negotiate an agreement with another country that would lower the taxes each one adds to the sale of items from the other country. 10) _J Choose a new Supreme Court justice to replace one who is retiring. Vice President s Responsibilities 11) _I Take over as president if I m needed. 12) Act as leader of the Senate. 13) _N Cast a tiebreaking vote in the Senate. 14) _D Work with the president to run the executive branch. Powers & Duties Listed in the Constitution: A. Power to carry out the laws B. Must protect and defend the Constitution C. Commander in Chief of the military D. Elected with the president to hold office in the executive branch E. May ask advisors, who lead parts of the government, for their opinion on different issues. Is the president of the Senate G. Pardon someone for a crime, canceling their punishment H. Make treaties with other countries (with Senate approval) I. Take office as president if the current president dies, resigns, or is unable to do the job J. Choose new Supreme Court justices (with Senate approval) K. Make recommendations to Congress about what laws are needed L. Update Congress on how things are going in the country M. Sign (approve) or veto (reject) bills from Congress N. Can vote in the Senate if the senators are equally divided on a vote Review Worksheet p. 1

2 All In a Day s Work Name: ** TEACHER S GUIDE ** B. So Many Laws, So Little Time! The executive branch is in charge of carrying out thousands of laws, but the President doesn t do this alone. Departments inside the executive branch are responsible for carrying out certain kinds of laws. Complete the table by matching each executive department to its function. Use the word/picture bank for help EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT Homeland Security Treasury Defense Justice Agriculture Health & Human Services Transportation Education UNCTION Works to protect the country against terrorism and make sure the borders are safe. Makes coins and paper money, tries to help the economy, and collects taxes. Keeps the United States safe using the Army, Navy, Marines, Air orce, Coast Guard, and other military resources. Enforces federal laws, prevents crime, and punishes those convicted of federal crimes. Supports farmers, makes sure our food is safe, and gives recommendations about good nutrition. Works to protect the health of all Americans and offers medical and other basic services to people in need. Builds and maintains federal highways and railroads, makes rules for air travel, and promotes transportation safety. Provides funding to public schools and helps students pay for college. C. Crossword! Complete the puzzle using information from the lesson. Down 2. Political party of the current president and vice president 3. Length of a presidential term, in years 5. Name of the current president Across 1. Name of the current vice president 4. Word that refers to the sequence of who will become president if something happens 6. Number of times a president can be elected 1 B I 2 D E N E 3 M O O 4 S U C C E S S I 5 O N R R B A A 6 T W O M I A C Review Worksheet p.2

3 A Very Big Branch Alphabet Soup ** TEACHER GUIDE ** You saw some acronyms in the reading. Can you remember what these stand for? Justice ederal Bureau of Investigation Drug Enforcement Agency Attorney General Environmental Protection Agency ederal Emergency Management Agency Homeland Security Defense Did you notice any patterns? See if you can figure out which agencies these are: Energy Education Health and Human Services Housing and Urban Development Veterans Affairs Central Intelligence Agency Activity Projection Master

4 A Very Big Branch Name: ** TEACHER GUIDE ** A. Cabinet Departments. Use the word bank to fill in the missing words from the graphic organizer: Attorney armed basic needs college highway countries farmers military homes money fuel public lands wages terrorists trade court countries money armed ATTORNEY court public lands farmers trade wages highway fuel college military basic needs terrorists homes B. Who Said That? Identify which secretary might give the following advice or information: 1) Mr. President, we need to invest in more solar electricity. 2) Mr. President, we saw a decrease in highway deaths this year. 3) Mr. President, agents intercepted a terrorist threat this morning. 4) Mr. President, it s time to take the penny out of circulation. 5) Mr. President, we need to combat bark beetles in the national forest. Sec. of Energy Sec. of Transportation Sec. of Homeland Security Sec. of Treasury Sec. of Interior Worksheet p. 1

5 A Very Big Branch Name: ** TEACHER GUIDE ** C. Whose Job Is It, Anyway? Identify the executive agency that would most likely execute each act: The Veterans Educational Assistance Act (2008) Increases educational benefits for military veterans who have served since September 11, Veterans Affairs No Child Left Behind Act (2001) Ensures that students in every public school achieves important learning goals by well-prepared teachers. Education The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010) Makes it easier for Americans to be covered by health insurance and get medical attention. Health And Human Services Protect America Act (2007) Provides the intelligence community tools to gather important information about terrorists. Homeland Security Helping amilies Save Their Homes Act (2009) Prevents families from loosing their homes to foreclosure. Housing And Urban Development arm Security and Rural Investment Act (2002) Provides support to American farmers. Agriculture Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act (1994) Increased the number of police officers, funding for prisons, and crime prevention programs. Justice American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (2009) Gives funds to projects like ones that support improving roads, bridges, and other public structures. Transportation The Clean Air Act (1963) Controls air pollution on a national level. Environmental Protection Agency D. Enforce and Regulate. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) works to protect public health and safety. Decide if each item on the list is a CDC regulation or enforcement activity. Worksheet p.2

6 U.S. oreign Policy... is this country s actions, words, and beliefs towards other countries. The main goals of our foreign policy are to: protect America and Americans support economic growth and human rights around the world increase support for American values like democracy and freedom Most often, the President and executive branch initiate our foreign policy responses to world events and work with the legislative branch to carry out those responses. oreign Aid... is the help or assistance that we give to other countries, usually through our State. The main goal of our foreign aid is to create friendships abroad and foster future trading partners. oreign aid comes in many forms. The most common are economic, like money military, like soldiers helping after a disaster advice, like how to create a democracy Projection Master p.1

7 Military... is this country s troops, led by our President who is called the Commander-in-Chief. The main goal of our military is to prevent war and protect the United States. The Defense is made up of the following branches: Army Navy Air orce Marines Treaties... are a formal agreement between countries that, like laws, must be followed. The President is responsible for negotiating and signing treaties. All treaties must be approved by 2/3rds of the Senate. An example: Countries form an alliance through signing a treaty. This treaty says that if one of the countries is attacked, the others will step in to protect each other. Projection Master p.2

8 oreign Policy Name: ** TEACHER GUIDE ** Definition: U.S. oreign Policy country s actions, words, beliefs toward/about other countries Main Goals 1) Key Players: 2) 3) protect US & Americans support economic growth & human rights increase support of values like Dem. and freedom - President and Executive branch initiate policy - Legislative branch carry out policy Definition: oreign Aid help or assistance, through Dept of States Definition: Military country s troops, led by Pres Main Goals Create friendship abroad and foster future partners orms 1) 2) 3) economics military advice Main Goals Prevent war and protect the United States Active Groups 1) 2) 3) Army Navy Air orce 4) Marines Definition: Treaties formal agreement between countries Who is involved? President negotiates/signs Senate approves by 2/3 s vote Example: Alliance to protect each other Notes

9 oreign Policy Name: ** TEACHER GUIDE ** A. oreign vs. Domestic. Read each example and select the correct word to fill in the blank. 1. Americans often refer to a country that is not the United States as a country domestic foreign 2. A language that is not English and comes from a country outside the United States is called a language. domestic foreign 3. Someone who is really good at chores and maintaining a home might be described as a person. domestic foreign 4. If you get on an airplane and take a flight that doesn t leave the country it is called a flight. domestic foreign Looking at the examples you answered above, complete the following definitions and draw a symbol that represents the term to you in each box. oreign refers to things that happen outside of the United States. Domestic refers to things that happen inside of the United States. B. Which is which? Read each example below and decide if it is a domestic policy addresses issues at home or a foreign policy addresses issues around the world. Label each with a D or and. D 1. The government wants to make sure students are learning what they should be, so it requires standardized testing in certain grades. D 2. The government operates national parks in different parts of the country. 3. The United States is allied with countries around the world, which means they are partners and look out for each other s interests. 4. The United States provides help to other countries when natural disasters, like earthquakes, occur. 5. The countries of the world meet to decide how to handle climate change, and the United States plays a role in the talks. 6. The United States is attacked, and the President, in his role as Commander-in- Chief, calls on the U.S. military to defend the U.S. by attacking the other country. D 7. The government decides how much money Americans must pay in federal taxes. 8. The government makes an agreement with specific countries that none of them will attack each other. D 9. The government cleans up land and water areas that are severely polluted. D 10. The government enforces federal laws and sends convicted criminals to jail. Activity p.1

10 oreign Policy Name: ** TEACHER GUIDE ** C. Who does what? The Constitution, the rulebook for the government, says who has which foreign policy powers. Using your notes, see if you can figure out who is responsible for which power and write them in the correct places in the chart bellows. Negotiates and signs As Commander-in-Chief, can send troops around the world 2/3 s of the Senate must approve Writes and passes bills Makes recommendations on and signs or vetoes bills into law. Declares war oreign Aid Military Treaties President Makes recommendations on and signs or vetoes. As Commander-in- Chief, can send troops around the world Negotiates and signs Congress Writes and passes bills Declares War 2/3 s must approve D. What do you think? Read the questions below carefully and check the answer that best reflects your opinion. 1. Who do you think has the most difficult job when it comes to foreign policy? President Congress 2. Why do you think the writers of the Constitution gave Congress a voice in most foreign policy decisions? so the President can make decisions on his own and not listen to Congress to make it really difficult for our country to respond in a war to make sure that not just one person had all the power in making these important decisions, like whether or not to go to war Why? List two reasons that you think that branch has the hardest job when it comes to foreign policy. 1) 2) Activity p.2

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