1 TESTIMONY BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE UNITED STATES SENATE WASHINGTON, D.C. DENNIS MEHIEL SEPTEMBER 14, 2011 FIRSTLY, PLEASE ALLOW ME TO EXPRESS MY GRATITUDE TO THE MEMBERS AND STAFF OF THE COMMITTEE FOR PROVIDING ME THIS OPPORTUNITY TO SHARE MY VIEWS AS YOU CONSIDER CHANGES TO OUR NATION S TAX CODE. I BELIEVE MOST OF OUR COUNTRY S CITIZENS UNDERSTAND OUR CURRENT MODEL NO LONGER FUNCTIONS AS EFFECTIVELY AS IT MUST IF OUR FREE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM IS TO CONTINUE TO FLOURISH FOR THE BENEFIT OF SOCIETY AS A WHOLE. YOUR TASK IS A CRITICAL ONE AND THE ACTIONS YOU TAKE NOW WILL LIKELY SHAPE OUR FUTURE FOR DECADES TO COME. FOR AN AVERAGE CITIZEN LIKE ME IT IS AN EXTRAORDINARY EXPERIENCE TO BE ABLE TO ADD MY VOICE TO SUCH AN IMPORTANT DEBATE. SECONDLY, IN THE INTEREST OF FULL DISCLOSURE, LET ME SAY AT THE OUTSET, I DO NOT SHARE THE DISDAIN FOR OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT SEEMS TO PERMEATE SO MUCH OF OUR PUBLIC DISCOURSE TODAY. I KNOW THIS IS THE RESULT OF MY LIFE EXPERIENCE. I WAS RAISED
2 DURING THE 1940 S AND 1950 S. MY FATHER SERVED OUR COUNTRY S MILITARY AS A PILOT DURING WORLD WAR II AND THEN IN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN THE 1970 S. OF GREEK IMMIGRANT PARENTS, HE WAS IMBUED WITH A CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT A PRIVILEGE IT IS TO BE AN AMERICAN, AND THAT WAS PASSED ON TO HIS CHILDREN INTACT. WHEN MY BROTHER AND I WANTED TO START OUR OWN BOX MANUFACTURING BUSINESS IN 1966 WE HAD SAVED SOME MONEY BUT ALSO NEEDED TO BORROW. THE SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION TYPICALLY WOULD GUARANTEE UP TO 90% OF WHAT A COMPANY BORROWED FROM A BANK, BUT EVEN WITH THAT GUARANTEE NO BANK WOULD APPROVE A LOAN FOR OUR START-UP ENTERPRISE. FORTUNATELY FOR US, THE SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ALSO HAD A PROGRAM UNDER WHICH WE COULD BORROW DIRECTLY FROM THE GOVERNMENT AN AMOUNT EQUAL TO WHAT WE HAD TO INVEST. WITH OUR $8,000 IN SAVINGS, WE BORROWED $8,000, PURCHASED OUR MACHINES, RENTED THE PROVERBIAL GARAGE (LITERALLY) AND OUR BUSINESS WAS BORN. FOR A TWENTY FOUR YEAR OLD WITH ONLY A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA, IT WAS A LIFE CHANGING OPPORTUNITY. OVER THE YEARS OUR COMPANY PROSPERED. WE BUILT NEW BOX FACTORIES AND PURCHASED EXISTING ONES, CREATING AND SAVING
3 THOUSANDS OF JOBS. WHAT NEVER CROSSED OUR MIND WAS HOW MUCH OUR TAXES MIGHT BE IF WE MADE MORE MONEY. I CAN ASSURE THE COMMITTEE MY EXPERIENCE IS NOT UNIQUE; IT HAS BEEN REPLICATED MANY THOUSANDS OF TIMES OVER THE DECADES AS THE SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION FULFILLED ITS MANDATE TO HELP ENTERPRENEURS BEGIN OR GROW THEIR COMPANIES. SO WITH ALL ITS FLAWS, OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, AND THE PEOPLE WHO SERVE US, HAVE A SPECIAL PLACE IN MY HEART. THIRDLY, I TURN TO THE ISSUE AT HAND, OUR PROGRESSIVE INCOME TAX SYSTEM AND THE MARGINAL RATES PAID BY OUR HIGHER INCOME CITIZENS. AT ITS CORE, I BELIEVE OUR PERSONAL INCOME TAX REGIME EXPRESSES OUR VALUES AS A SOCIETY. THE SAME CAN BE SAID FOR THE OTHER HALF OF THE LEDGER, EXPENDITURES, BUT TODAY WE CONCERN OURSELVES WITH TAXES, WHO PAYS AND HOW MUCH. I KNOW THERE ARE MANY WHO DO NOT BELIEVE IN PROGRESSIVE INCOME TAX RATES. THEY BELIEVE ALL SHOULD PAY THE SAME PERCENTAGE. THEY BELIEVE THE LOWER THE RATE THE STRONGER THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY WILL BE. THIS THEORY HOLDS THAT GOVERNMENT REVENUE WILL INCREASE AS RATES GO DOWN AND ECONOMIC GROWTH ACCELERATES. DEPENDING WHERE ONE STARTS THERE CAN BE MERIT TO THIS AGRUMENT. I WILL LEAVE IT TO MY MORE LEARNED COLLEAGUES HERE TODAY TO MAKE THE CASE FOR OR AGAINST THAT THEORY IN THE ABSTRACT.
4 HOWEVER, I CAN TELL YOU FROM PERSONAL EXPERIENCE, THE REDUCTION IN MY MARGINAL TAX RATE THAT I RECEIVED IN 2002 HAD NO MEASURABLE IMPACT ON MY CONSUMPTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES. WHEN MY MARGINAL TAX RATE WAS INCREASED IN 1994, THERE WAS ALSO NO MEASURABLE IMPACT ON MY PERSONAL CONSUMPTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES. I WOULD REMIND THE COMMITTEE, AFTER THE 1994 INCREASE IN PERSONAL TAXES WAS IMPLEMENTED, THEN CURRENT INTEREST RATES DROPPED BY ABOUT THREE (3%) PERCENTAGE POINTS, BECAUSE THE CAPITAL MARKETS UNDERSTOOD OUR NATION HAD DECIDED TO RESTORE FISCAL BALANCE. AS INTEREST RATES CAME DOWN, WE WERE ABLE TO BORROW AND INVEST MORE IN OUR BUSINESS. IN 1993 WE EMPLOYED APPROXIMATELY 1,200 PEOPLE. BY 1998 WE EMPLOYED OVER 12,000 PEOPLE. BECAUSE WE WERE IDENTIFYING AND REHABILITATING TROUBLED COMPANIES WITHIN OUR INDUSTRY I CAN ASSURE THE COMMITTEE THAT ALMOST NONE OF THOSE JOBS WOULD HAVE EXISTED ABSENT OUR EXPANSION. AGAIN, OUR EXPERIENCE WAS ANYTHING BUT UNIQUE. THE EXPLOSION IN INVESTMENT AND THE RESULTING ECONOMIC GROWTH CREATED 22 MILLION JOBS DURING THE SEVEN YEARS FOLLOWING THE INCREASE IN OUR PERSONAL MARGINAL INCOME TAX RATE. IRONICALLY, IN THE CONDITIONS THAT PREVAILED IN 1993, AN INCREASE IN PERSONAL
5 INCOME TAX RATES BECAME A KEY DRIVER OF SIGNIFICANT ECONOMIC GROWTH AND NEW JOB CREATION. I BELIEVE MY EXPERIENCE IS NO DIFFERENT THAN THOUSANDS, INDEED MILLIONS OF MY FELLOW CITIZENS. MANY DID MUCH BETTER THAN I DID, BUILT MUCH BIGGER ENTERPRISES, MANY MORE WERE SMALLER. WHAT WE HAVE IN COMMON WAS THE OPPORTUNITY TO BENEFIT FROM AN ENLIGHTENED CAPITALIST SYSTEM THAT CREATED ECONOMIC MOBILITY FOR ITS CITIZENS UNEQUALED IN HUMAN HISTORY. THAT SYSTEM IS UNDER ENORMOUS PRESSURE TODAY FOR A VARIETY OF REASONS, WHICH INCLUDES THE CHANGES IN OUR TAX SYSTEM ENACTED OVER RECENT YEARS AS WELL AS THE FAILURE TO CORRECT SIGNIFICANT INEQUITIES THAT GO BACK FURTHER. I HAVE HEARD MORE THAN ONCE THE PROPOSITION ADVANCED THAT SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS WILL NOT INVEST IN AND GROW THEIR BUSINESSES IF WE RESTORE THE MARGINAL RATES THAT PREVAILED IN THE 1990 S. LET S TEST THAT THEORY: IF A BUSINESS PERSON CURRENTLY HAS ANNUAL PRE-TAX INCOME OF $500,000, THE CHANGE WOULD INCREASE HIS OR HER INCOME TAX BY $10,000 PER YEAR. ARE WE TO BELIEVE A RATIONAL PERSON, EARNING A HALF MILLION DOLLARS A YEAR, WILL REFUSE TO GROW THE BUSINESS
6 AND HIRE PEOPLE BECAUSE THEIR TAX WENT FROM $135,000 PER YEAR TO $145,000 PER YEAR. I WOULD ARGUE THE ANSWER IS NO. IT IS MY RECOMMENDATION THE COMMITTEE TAKE THE FOLLOWING ACTIONS: RESTORE MARGINAL TAX RATES TO THOSE THAT PREVAILED DURING THE 1990 S CREATE A NEW MARGINAL RATE OF 43% ON ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME ABOVE ONE MILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR ELIMINATE THE CARRIED INTEREST LOOPHOLE THAT ALLOWS FINANCIAL PROFESSIONALS TO EARN ORDINARY INCOME FOR DOING THEIR WORK AS EVERYONE ELSE DOES, BUT TO PRETEND THEY HAVE INVESTED CAPITAL AT RISK AND SHOULD BENEFIT FROM CAPITAL GAINS THEATMENT ON THAT INCOME INCREASE THE CAPITAL GAINS TAX RATE TO 50% OF THE HIGHEST MARGINAL ORDINARY INCOME TAX RATE. REINSTATE THE INVESTMENT TAX CREDIT OF 10% ON PURCHASES OF CAPITAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURED IN THE UNITED STATES REDUCE THE CORPORATE INCOME TAX RATE TO TWENTY-SEVEN (27%) PERCENT WHILE REMOVING ALL OF THE INCENTIVES (NOW LOOPHOLES AS THEY HAVE OUTLINED THEIR USEFULNESS) WITH THE OBJECTIVE OF INCREASING REVENUE.
7 I KNOW OUR NATION MUST REDUCE THE GROWTH IN EXPENDITURES TO ACHIEVE FISCAL BALANCE. THESE RECOMMENDATIONS ALONE, IF ENACTED, WOULD NOT DO SO. BUT I BELIEVE RESTORING OUR PROGRESSIVE TAX SYSTEM THAT HAS SERVED THIS NATION SO WELL, FOR SO LONG, IS ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIAL TO OUR RECOVERY. I THANK THE COMMITTEE FOR ITS COURTESY AND ATTENTION.
HOW BIG SHOULD GOVERNMENT BE? MARTIN FELDSTEIN * * Economics Department, Harvard University, and National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA 02138. Abstract - The appropriate size and role of government
John G. Stumpf, Chairman, President & CEO The Vision & Values of Wells Fargo 2 Regardless of our growing size, scope and reach, our common vision and distinct values form the fabric that holds us together
Variable Annuities What You Should Know Information is an investor s best tool WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW 1 2 VARIABLE ANNUITIES Variable Annuities Variable annuities have become a part of the retirement and
MONETARY REFORM A BETTER MONETARY SYSTEM FOR ICELAND A REPORT BY FROSTI SIGURJONSSON COMMISSIONED BY THE PRIME MINISTER OF ICELAND Monetary Reform - A better monetary system for Iceland Edition 1.0 March
The Social Contract Revisited Guaranteed Income as a Replacement for the Welfare State Charles Murray The Foundation for Law, Justice and Society in collaboration with The Centre for Socio-Legal Studies,
The 2013-14 Budget: Overview of the May Revision MAC Taylor Legislative Analyst May 17, 2013 2 Legislative Analyst s Office www.lao.ca.gov 2013-14 Budget Executive Summary Governor s May Revision Revenue
Building Your Future: Succeeding A Student and Teacher Resource for Financial Literacy Education Copyright 2013, 2014 The Actuarial Foundation About This Book Personal finance is part knowledge and part
Clinical Trials: What You Need to Know Clinical trials are studies in which people volunteer to test new drugs or devices. Doctors use clinical trials to learn whether a new treatment works and is safe
Using Credit to Your Advantage. Topic Overview. The Using Credit To Your Advantage topic will provide participants with all the basic information they need to understand credit what it is and how to make
Published by The Jerome Levy Forecasting Center, LLC Answering the Critical Question That Few Ever Ask David A. Levy Martin P. Farnham Samira Rajan Copyright 2008 by The Jerome Levy Forecasting Center,
Get the facts: Capital guaranteed or protected investments 1 Wouldn t it have been great if you had been able to protect your investments from tumbling investment markets during the global financial crisis?
Issue in Focus The Need for Tax Simplification A Challenge and an Opportunity By C. Scott Clark and Len Farber About the Authors C. Scott Clark is currently President of C. S. Clark Consulting and previously
The Economic Burden Caused by Tax Code Complexity Arthur B. Laffer, Ph.D. Wayne H. Winegarden, Ph.D. & John Childs April 2011 The Economic Burden Caused by Tax Code Complexity* 3 Executive Summary 6 The
MOST DIFFICULT INTERVIEW QUESTIONS When preparing for an interview, go through the following list of questions and write down appropriate responses. Don t memorize your answers; review them for content
The United States Economy: Why such a Weak Recovery? Martin Neil Baily and Barry Bosworth 1 The Brookings Institution Paper prepared for the Nomura Foundation s Macro Economy Research Conference Prospects
1 The 5 Key Strategies of Attracting High-End Clients How marketing and selling to High-End Clients can transform your business and your income. Hi, my name is Robert Middleton, the owner of Action Plan
Lesson Description The lead article in the spring 2010 issue of Inside the Vault discusses the redistribution of wealth through taxation. In this lesson, students use different household scenarios to examine
The State of Small Business Lending: Credit Access during the Recovery and How Technology May Change the Game Karen Gordon Mills Brayden McCarthy Working Paper 15-004 July 22, 2014 Copyright 2014 by Karen
How the drug industry distorts medicine and politics. America s Other Drug Problem By Arnold S. Relman and Marcia Angell The american health care system cannot live without the pharmaceutical industry,
1 America is more than a country. America is an idea an idea that free people can govern themselves, that government s powers are derived from the consent of the governed, that each of us is endowed by
How we work out child maintenance A step-by-step guide About this leaflet This leaflet explains how the Child Maintenance Service works out child maintenance. It tells you the information we use and the
AFP S R EADY R EFERENCE S ERIES So You Want to Be a Consultant! PROS AND CONS SERVING YOUR CLIENTS MANAGING YOUR BUSINESS MARKETING AND BRANDING THE ASSOCIATION OF FUNDRAISING PROFESSIONALS (AFP) WHO WE
Ladies and gentlemen, I also would like to kindly welcome you to the presentation of our nine months figures. After you got the overview from Christoph and as he mentioned in the beginning, I would like
Public Engagement Public Engagement Province of New Brunswick PO 6000, Fredericton NB E3B 5H1 www.gnb.ca ISBN 978-1-4605-0841-1 (print edition) ISBN 978-1-4605-0842-8 (PDF: English) 10160 2015.03 Printed