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2 Thank you for purchasing this product from Keep Calm and Teach 5th Grade! I hope that you enjoy it! Check out my store for more resources! I use clipart and fonts from the following designers:

3 Table of Contents 1. Roots 2. Stems 3. Leaves 4. Plant Cells 5. Photosynthesis 6. Angiosperms 7. Gymnosperms 8. Flowers 9. Plants Without Seeds Table of Contents 1. Roots 2. Stems 3. Leaves 4. Plant Cells 5. Photosynthesis 6. Angiosperms 7. Gymnosperms 8. Flowers 9. Plants Without Seeds

4 All About Roots All About Roots Just like people, plants have many different parts. Each part has a special job to do and they all work together to help the plant survive and grow. The very bottom of the plant is a part called the plant s roots! Some roots, like tree roots, dig deep down into the soil. Other roots are closer to the surface of the soil. The roots of a water plant dangle down into the water. A plant s roots pull water and minerals from the soil or water that they re in. The plant needs the water and nutrients to create food and grow. The roots also anchor the plant down into the soil. This helps protect the plant by keeping it in the soil. There are different types of root systems. Plants may have fibrous roots. Fibrous roots have lots of spread out branches, like trees. Other plants have roots called tap root. This means that one main root grounds down into the soil and then smaller roots branch out off of it. Some plants that have fibrous roots are wheat, grass and corn plants. Carrots, radishes and turnips have a tap root. Just like people, plants have many different parts. Each part has a special job to do and they all work together to help the plant survive and grow. The very bottom of the plant is a part called the plant s roots! Some roots, like tree roots, dig deep down into the soil. Other roots are closer to the surface of the soil. The roots of a water plant dangle down into the water. A plant s roots pull water and minerals from the soil or water that they re in. The plant needs the water and nutrients to create food and grow. The roots also anchor the plant down into the soil. This helps protect the plant by keeping it in the soil. There are different types of root systems. Plants may have fibrous roots. Fibrous roots have lots of spread out branches, like trees. Other plants have roots called tap root. This means that one main root grounds down into the soil and then smaller roots branch out off of it. Some plants that have fibrous roots are wheat, grass and corn plants. Carrots, radishes and turnips have a tap root.

5 All About Roots All About Roots What is the purpose of a plant s roots? What is the purpose of a plant s roots? Draw a picture of a fibrous root. Draw a picture of a fibrous root. Draw a picture of a tap root. Draw a picture of a tap root.

6 All About Stems Another important plant part is the plant stem. This part of the plant is in between the roots and the leaves. The stem grows upward from the roots and holds the leaves of the plant up. In the plant stem, nutrients are transported from the roots to the leaves. Plants may have woody stems or herbaceous stems. Monocots have herbaceous stems. Monocots are a type of plant that produce flowers. Herbaceous stems can be found on the plants that you see outside or in your garden. Dicots usually have woody stems. Woody stems can be found in the trees outside or in shrubs. Sometimes, we eat the stems of plants. If you ve ever eaten asparagus or celery, you ve eaten a plant s stems. A plant stem may contain petioles, which are tiny stems that grow from the main stem and have leaves on them. Stem All About Stems Another important plant part is the plant stem. This part of the plant is in between the roots and the leaves. The stem grows upward from the roots and holds the leaves of the plant up. In the plant stem, nutrients are transported from the roots to the leaves. Plants may have woody stems or herbaceous stems. Monocots have herbaceous stems. Monocots are a type of plant that produce flowers. Herbaceous stems can be found on the plants that you see outside or in your garden. Dicots usually have woody stems. Woody stems can be found in the trees outside or in shrubs. Sometimes, we eat the stems of plants. If you ve ever eaten asparagus or celery, you ve eaten a plant s stems. A plant stem may contain petioles, which are tiny stems that grow from the main stem and have leaves on them. Stem Roots Roots

7 All About Stems All About Stems What is the purpose of a plant s stem? What is the purpose of a plant s stem? Draw and label a picture of a plant stem and petioles. Draw and label and picture of a plant stem and petioles.

8 All About Leaves The plant s leaves make the food that the plant needs to survive. After the water and nutrients travel up the leaf stem thorough the plant s vascular system, the leaves use the water and nutrients in the leaf with sunlight and carbon dioxide to create plant food. This process is called photosynthesis. Usually, you can look at a plant and see the veins in the leaf. These veins carry the sugar to other parts of the plant. The flat part of the leaf is called the blade. The edge of the leaf is called the margin. Sometimes, we eat the leaves of plants too. Lettuce and spinach are two examples of plant leaves that we eat! All About Leaves The plant s leaves make the food that the plant needs to survive. After the water and nutrients travel up the leaf stem thorough the plant s vascular system, the leaves use the water and nutrients in the leaf with sunlight and carbon dioxide to create plant food. This process is called photosynthesis. Usually, you can look at a plant and see the veins in the leaf. These veins carry the sugar to other parts of the plant. The flat part of the leaf is called the blade. The edge of the leaf is called the margin. Sometimes, we eat the leaves of plants too. Lettuce and spinach are two examples of plant leaves that we eat!

9 All About Leaves What is the purpose of a plant s leaves? All About Leaves What is the purpose of a plant s leaves? Draw and label the parts of a leaf. Draw and label the parts of a leaf.

10 Plant Cells Plants cells are separated from one another by something called a cell membrane. Each cell is self-sufficient within its own cell membrane and communicates with other cells in the plant. Plant and animal cells are different in a few ways. The largest difference is something called a cell wall. The cell wall protects the stuff inside of the cell and keeps it from growing too big. The cell wall is made up of chemicals. One of these chemicals is called cellulose. Cellulose is made up of molecules from sugar glucose. It also forms the basic structure of the plant. Inside of the cell wall are protoplasts. Protoplasts are the living contents inside the cell well and they make up the plant s hereditary unit. A hereditary unit Plant cells also contain vacuoles (cavities filled with cell sap), plastids (structures that carry out the plant s functions, like photosynthesis), mitochondria (where the plants carry out respiration) and ribosomes (where plants convert amino acids into proteins). Plant cells are also larger than animal cells. Animal cells can come in different shapes and sizes but plant cells are more similarly sized and come in rectangular or cube shapes. Plant Cells Plants cells are separated from one another by something called a cell membrane. Each cell is self-sufficient within its own cell membrane and communicates with other cells in the plant. Plant and animal cells are different in a few ways. The largest difference is something called a cell wall. The cell wall protects the stuff inside of the cell and keeps it from growing too big. The cell wall is made up of chemicals. One of these chemicals is called cellulose. Cellulose is made up of molecules from sugar glucose. It also forms the basic structure of the plant. Inside of the cell wall are protoplasts. Protoplasts are the living contents inside the cell well and they make up the plant s hereditary unit. A hereditary unit Plant cells also contain vacuoles (cavities filled with cell sap), plastids (structures that carry out the plant s functions, like photosynthesis), mitochondria (where the plants carry out respiration) and ribosomes (where plants convert amino acids into proteins). Plant cells are also larger than animal cells. Animal cells can come in different shapes and sizes but plant cells are more similarly sized and come in rectangular or cube shapes. Nucleus Golgi Body Nucleus Golgi Body Vacuole Cytoplasm Vacuole Cytoplasm Chloroplast Cell membrane Chloroplast Cell membrane Mitochondria Mitochondria Cell wall Cell wall

11 Plant Cells Plant Cells List the ways that plant cells are different than animal cells: List the ways that plant cells are different than animal cells: Draw and label a plant cell. Give a description of each part. Draw and label a plant cell. Give a description of each part.

12 Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is a special process that plants use to make food. Plants use the energy from the sun, water, and carbon dioxide to make food. First, plants absorb water through their roots. The veins in the leaves bring the water to the plant cells. The plant has special holes on the bottom that breathe in the air. These are called stoma and they take in carbon dioxide from the air. After the plant breathes in carbon dioxide, and the water travels through the veins to the cells, it reaches something called chloroplasts. Photosynthesis takes place in the plant s chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are inside the plant s leaves and contain something called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is what gives plants their green color! Once the chloroplast has water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide, it creates sugar and oxygen through a process called photosynthesis. The plants eat the sugar and release the oxygen. Photosynthesis is a very important process because it creates the oxygen that we need in our atmosphere. Without it, Earth wouldn t be habitable for humans! Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is a special process that plants use to make food. Plants use the energy from the sun, water, and carbon dioxide to make food. First, plants absorb water through their roots. The veins in the leaves bring the water to the plant cells. The plant has special holes on the bottom that breathe in the air. These are called stoma and they take in carbon dioxide from the air. After the plant breathes in carbon dioxide, and the water travels through the veins to the cells, it reaches something called chloroplasts. Photosynthesis takes place in the plant s chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are inside the plant s leaves and contain something called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is what gives plants their green color! Once the chloroplast has water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide, it creates sugar and oxygen through a process called photosynthesis. The plants eat the sugar and release the oxygen. Photosynthesis is a very important process because it creates the oxygen that we need in our atmosphere. Without it, Earth wouldn t be habitable for humans!

13 Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Draw the process of photosynthesis: Draw the process of photosynthesis: Describe what photosynthesis is: Describe what photosynthesis is: Why is photosynthesis important: Why is photosynthesis important?

14 Angiosperms Angiosperms are plants that have flowers! Some that you might commonly see are roses, tulips, and apple trees. Angiosperms grow their seeds inside of fruits. Flowers are an adaptation that plants use to help them spread their seeds. While angiosperms help spread their seeds using the wind, like gymnosperms do, they also spread their seeds through their fruit. Some animals will carry the fruit to new places where the seeds can germinate. There are two main types of angiosperms, monocots and dicots. Monocots have only one seed. Monocots have leaves in groups of three and long leaves. Some examples of monocots are lilies and grasses. Most of the flowers that you see are dicots. Dicots have petals in groups of four or five and veiny leaves. Some examples of dicots are apples, cherries, and roses. Angiosperms Angiosperms are plants that have flowers! Some that you might commonly see are roses, tulips, and apple trees. Angiosperms grow their seeds inside of fruits. Flowers are an adaptation that plants use to help them spread their seeds. While angiosperms help spread their seeds using the wind, like gymnosperms do, they also spread their seeds through their fruit. Some animals will carry the fruit to new places where the seeds can germinate. There are two main types of angiosperms, monocots and dicots. Monocots have only one seed. Monocots have leaves in groups of three and long leaves. Some examples of monocots are lilies and grasses. Most of the flowers that you see are dicots. Dicots have petals in groups of four or five and veiny leaves. Some examples of dicots are apples, cherries, and roses.

15 Angiosperms Angiosperms Define angiosperm: Define angiosperm: Compare and contrast dicots and monocots: Compare and contrast dicots and monocots: List 5 examples of angiosperms: List 5 examples of angiosperms:

16 Gymnosperms Gymnosperms are plants that make their seeds in cones. They ve been around for million of years! There are four types of gymnosperms: cycads, ginkgoes, gnetophytes, and conifers. The seeds of a gymnosperm are formed on cones. They re not protected inside of a flower. They re exposed. There are two types of cones. There are male cones and female cones. Female cones hold the seeds with sticky scales and male cones make the pollen. Wind carries pollen from the male cone to the female cone s egg. When the pollen reaches the egg of the female cone, it s pollinated. After the seed is pollinated, the seed falls to the ground where it can germinate. Some cones have winged seeds. This helps the seed travel in the wind. When seeds travel in the wind, the seeds are spread further out and the population of trees can grow in new places. Gymnosperms Gymnosperms are plants that make their seeds in cones. They ve been around for million of years! There are four types of gymnosperms: cycads, ginkgoes, gnetophytes, and conifers. The seeds of a gymnosperm are formed on cones. They re not protected inside of a flower. They re exposed. There are two types of cones. There are male cones and female cones. Female cones hold the seeds with sticky scales and male cones make the pollen. Wind carries pollen from the male cone to the female cone s egg. When the pollen reaches the egg of the female cone, it s pollinated. After the seed is pollinated, the seed falls to the ground where it can germinate. Some cones have winged seeds. This helps the seed travel in the wind. When seeds travel in the wind, the seeds are spread further out and the population of trees can grow in new places.

17 Gymnosperms Gymnosperms 1. Define gymnosperm: 1. Define gymnosperm: 2. Explain the difference between male and female seeds: 2. Explain the difference between male and female seeds: 3. List 3 examples of gymnosperms: 3. List 3 examples of gymnosperms: 4. Explain the process of fertilization: 4. Explain the process of fertilization:

18 All About Flowers Flowers have many different important parts. The sepal is one important part. The sepal holds the flower s petals closed until the plant is ready to be pollinated. In order for flowers to be pollinated, we need to know about the male and female plant parts. The female part is called the pistil. It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. The male part is called the stamen. It is made up of the filament, anther and pollen. Pollination happens when the pollen grains reach the stigma. Bees help with pollination when they carry the pollen to a new flower! Pollination is not the only important step. Fertilization is another important step in a flower s life cycle. The pollen has to travel down the style to the egg in the ovary for the plant to be fertilized. This is how new seeds are made! Bees and insects are very important to the plant s life cycle and we need them to keep our beautiful flowers in bloom! All About Flowers Flowers have many different important parts. The sepal is one important part. The sepal holds the flower s petals closed until the plant is ready to be pollinated. In order for flowers to be pollinated, we need to know about the male and female plant parts. The female part is called the pistil. It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. The male part is called the stamen. It is made up of the filament, anther and pollen. Pollination happens when the pollen grains reach the stigma. Bees help with pollination when they carry the pollen to a new flower! Pollination is not the only important step. Fertilization is another important step in a flower s life cycle. The pollen has to travel down the style to the egg in the ovary for the plant to be fertilized. This is how new seeds are made! Bees and insects are very important to the plant s life cycle and we need them to keep our beautiful flowers in bloom!

19 All About Flowers 1. How is a flower pollinated? All About Flowers 1. How is a flower pollinated? 2. How is a flower fertilized? 2. How is a flower fertilized? 3. What are the male flower parts? 3. What are the male flower parts? 4. What are the female flower parts? 4. What are the female flower parts?

20 Plants Without Seeds Some plants don t have seeds! These plants reproduce in very creative ways! There are two main types of plants without seeds. These are vascular and non-vascular plants. Vascular plants have long tube-like cells for water, mineral and food transportation. Nonvascular plants do not have this type of a cell. Nonvascular plants usually cling to dark, damp places and they are very small. They use small fibers called rhizoids to cling to rocks, trees, and other damp surfaces. Mosses and ferns are two examples of plants without flowers. These plants grow from spores. Spores are tiny organisms that contain only a few cells. Plants with spores produce tons of these tiny organisms! The spores are light and small and they are easily carried by the wind to their new locations where they begin to reproduce! Plants Without Seeds Some plants don t have seeds! These plants reproduce in very creative ways! There are two main types of plants without seeds. These are vascular and non-vascular plants. Vascular plants have long tube-like cells for water, mineral and food transportation. Nonvascular plants do not have this type of a cell. Nonvascular plants usually cling to dark, damp places and they are very small. They use small fibers called rhizoids to cling to rocks, trees, and other damp surfaces. Mosses and ferns are two examples of plants without flowers. These plants grow from spores. Spores are tiny organisms that contain only a few cells. Plants with spores produce tons of these tiny organisms! The spores are light and small and they are easily carried by the wind to their new locations where they begin to reproduce!

21 Plants Without Seeds Plants Without Seeds Compare and contrast plants with and without seeds Compare and contrast plants with and without seeds

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