Emperor Penguins. by Roberta Edwards

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1 UNIT THEME Communities by Roberta Edwards Penguin communities are called colonies. Children read about a colony of emperor penguins in this book. It helps them explore the theme question: What is a community? This book will help build children s understanding of the habitat and life cycle of emperor penguins. Expository nonfiction tells about real people, places, animals, and events. These books often have photos and other graphic sources. SUMMARY Emperor penguins are one kind of penguin. They live in Antarctica, the coldest spot on Earth. Readers find out how penguins are able to grow and survive in this difficult environment. Other Books by Roberta Edwards Flight of the Butterflies Space Kid SNEAK PREVIEW Match Children and Books This book will appeal to children who like to read about animals enjoy nonfiction like to learn about animal habitats Comprehension Skills and Strategies prior knowledge author s purpose preview cause and effect ask questions critical thinking Vocabulary Strategy categorize words 1

2 Practice 5 How to Use the Book Children may work independently, as partners, or in small groups. Before Reading BUILD BACKGROUND Talk with children about penguins and Antarctica. Ask them to share what they know about penguins. Ask: Have you ever seen a penguin in a book or a zoo? Explain that penguins are a type of bird that does not fly. Show children the cover of and explain that emperor penguins are the largest kind of penguins. Many penguins, including emperor penguins, live in very cold areas. Take children on a picture walk through, encouraging them to describe the habitat of the emperor penguin. Children can use Student Practice 5 to draw the emperor penguin s habitat and some other animals they might find there. UNIT Practice 6 INTRODUCE VOCABULARY Use Student Practice 6 to introduce vocabulary or to assess children s understanding of the words before they read. If necessary, provide additional practice with the words. For example, ask children to say or write a new sentence for each word. Words to Know flippers prey surface belly Reading the Book Practice 7 COMPREHENSION SKILL Author s Purpose On Student Practice 7, children answer questions about the author s purpose. Review with children what they have learned about author s purpose. Authors write for different reasons. Some authors write to explain something or to give information. Some authors write funny or interesting things to help you enjoy reading. COMPREHENSION STRATEGY Preview Remind children that good readers often preview a book before they read it. They look at the pictures and graphics and read any labels or captions to help themselves figure out what the book is about and why the author wrote the book. Reader Response See Teacher s Guide 7 for a possible response to the question, What animals from have you seen in real life, on TV, or in pictures?

3 UNIT Practice 8 COMPREHENSION SKILL Cause and Effect On Student Practice 8, children draw pictures to show what happens. Review with children what they have learned about cause and effect. As you read, you should think about what happens and why it happens. The sentence The water spilled because I dropped the glass shows cause and effect. The water spilled is what happened, or the effect. I dropped the glass is why it happened, or the cause. COMPREHENSION STRATEGY Ask Questions Remind children that good readers often ask themselves questions as they read. They know that asking questions is a good way to make sure that they understand what is happening and why it is happening. Reader Response See Teacher s Guide 8 for a possible response to the question, How is the climate where you live different from the climate in Antarctica? After Reading COMPREHEnsion CHECK 1. What is mostly about? It is mostly about emperor penguins and how they survive and grow in the cold climate of Antarctica. (Main Idea). How are penguins like other birds? How are they different from other birds? They are like other birds because they lay eggs, spend time in the water like ducks and swans do, and have wings. They are different from some birds because they don t fly, and their wings are more like flippers. They use their wings for swimming, not flying. (Compare and Contrast) 3. Why are there no trees or grass or flowers in Antarctica? Trees, grass, and flowers need warmth from the sun, soil, and rain to grow. In Antarctica, there is only ice, and it is too cold for rain to fall or for plants to grow. (Draw Conclusions) 4. Why do the mother penguins walk to the sea after they lay their eggs? They are hungry because they haven t eaten in two months, so they go to the sea to find food to eat. ( Cause and Effect) 5. Why do the baby penguin chicks need to get food from their mothers throats? They are too young to find and chew their own food. (Draw Conclusions) 6. What happens after the chicks are old enough to live on their own? They make their first trip to the sea. (Sequence) 3

4 7. Did the author write this book to tell a make-believe story about penguins or to give information about real penguins? How do you know? The author wrote it to give information about real penguins. I know because it is all about how real penguins live and grow. ( Author s Purpose) CRITICAL THINKING 1. After the mother penguin lays an egg, why does the egg need to stay warm? The weather is very cold. If the egg doesn t stay warm, it will freeze and the chick won t grow and hatch. (Inferring) UNIT. What would be exciting about visiting Antarctica? What would you not enjoy? Possible response: It would be exciting to go where no people live and to see the penguins, seals, whales, and all the snow and ice. I would not enjoy the cold. (Evaluating) Practice 9 ASSESSMENT Use the Selection Test on Student Practice 9 to assess children s understanding of the book. See Teacher s Guide 9 for answers. 4

5 What Lives in Antarctica? Build Background Draw the animals that live in this cold climate. Write the name of each animal next to its picture. Drawings will vary. 5 Build Background

6 Words to Know Vocabulary Choose the word in the box that names each picture. Write the word on the line. Use all the words. flippers surface prey belly 1.. belly flippers prey surface 5. Words that tell about the same idea can be grouped together. A penguin s flippers and belly are parts of its body. What are some other parts of a penguin s body? Possible responses: beak, claws, back, head, eyes, brood pouch (male), webbed feet 6 Vocabulary

7 Why Does an Author Write? Author s Purpose The author s purpose is the reason an author writes something. Answer the questions. 1. This book tells a story. facts.. This book is all about ice. friends. penguins. 3. What does the map on pages of show? The map shows where penguins live. 4. What do pages 1 13 tell you? Why did the author write these pages? The pages tell about different kinds of penguins. The author may have wanted us to know that not all penguins are alike. Reader Response Text to Self 5. What animals from have you seen in real life, on TV, or in pictures? Possible response: I ve seen seals and penguins in the zoo and on TV shows about nature. 7 Comprehension

8 What Is Happening? Cause and Effect An effect is what happens. A cause is why something happens. Read why something happens. Draw a picture to show what happens. Cause: Why something happens 1. Antarctica is very cold. Effect: What happens No trees, grass, or flowers grow in Antarctica.. Penguins have fat in their bodies and thick, short coats of feathers. Penguins stay warm. 3. The male penguin tucks the egg under a flap on its belly. The egg stays safe and warm. Reader Response Text to Self 4. How is the climate where you live different from the climate in Antarctica? Possible response: In the climate where I live, the weather is not as cold as it is in Antarctica. It is warm enough that trees, grass, and flowers grow during the spring, summer, and fall. 8 Comprehension

9 Selection Test Mark the space with your answer. Assessment 1. Where do emperor penguins live? in a forest in Antarctica in a house. What do emperor penguins eat? fish and squid fruit and nuts leaves and grass 3. Where do emperor penguins go to lay their eggs? to a barn to the bottom of the sea inland to their nesting grounds 4. What does the father penguin do after the mother penguin lays the egg? protects the egg in his brood pouch goes to the sea to eat builds a nest of twigs 5. Why did the author include a map in the book? to show how cold Antarctica is to show where penguins live to show what penguins eat 9 Assessment

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