Škola: Gymnázium, Brno, Slovanské náměstí 7 III/2 Inovace a zkvalitnění výuky prostřednictvím ICT Název projektu: Inovace výuky na GSN

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1 Škola: Gymnázium, Brno, Slovanské náměstí 7 Šablona: III/2 Inovace a zkvalitnění výuky prostřednictvím ICT Název projektu: Inovace výuky na GSN prostřednictvím ICT Číslo projektu: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Autor: Mgr. Rudolf Dostálek Tematická oblast: Od Napoleona k jaru národů (evropské a české dějiny 1. poloviny 19. století) Název DUMu: French Empire Kód: VY_32_INOVACE_DE.4.03 Datum: Cílová skupina: Žáci středních škol Klíčová slova: Trafalgar, Nelson, battle of 3 emperors, peace in Tylsit, continental blockade, battle of nations, Waterloo Anotace: Tato prezentace slouží k výkladu učiva tématu: Francouzské císařství (v anglickém jazyce)

2 FRENCH EMPIRE

3 2nd December 1804 Napoleon is crowned by Pope Pius VII as the Emperor of the French

4 THIRD COALITION WAR In 1805 war broke out between France and the Third Coalition Russia Great Britain Austria

5 FAILURE British Royal Navy beat the allied Franch-Spanish fleet and prevented Napoleon's planned invasion 21st October 1805 Admiral Lord destroyed the fleet near the Cape of Trafalgar

6 BATTLE OF THREE EMPERORS 2nd December 1805 Napoleon beats the stronger allied armies of the Holy Roman Emperor and the Russian Tsar at the battle of Austerlitz After this battle, Napoleon became the master of Central Europe

7 NEW MAP OF CENTRAL EUROPE He becomes the King of Italy (former Republic of Italy) In the rest of the peninsula Napoleon fills the abandoned or newly created thrones with his generals or relatives He acts alike in larger countries of the Holy Roman Empire (Saxony, Westphalia, Bavaria).

8 CONFEDERATION OF THE RHINE Last Holy Roman Emperor Francis II abdicates from the throne and declares himself Francis I, Emperor of Austria The states of the former Holy Roman Empire gradually joined newly formed Confederation of the Rhine (French ally)

9 4TH COALITION In 1806 Napoleon had to face the forces of the 4th coalition: Russia Prussia Great Britain

10 PRUSSIAN FAILURE He crushed Prussian armies in a series of battles Battles of Jena and Auerstedt on 25th Otober his army entered Berlin

11 RUSSIAN TURNOVER The war with Russia went on until the battle at Friedland (1807) Defeated Russia had to sign the Peace Treaty of Tilsit Russia became Napoleon s ally In 1807 all continental Europe was dominated by the French Emperor There was only one enemy left..

12 CONTINENTAL BLOCKADE In 1806 Napoleon declared Continetal blockade an attempt to destroy the UK economically by banning the import and export of any goods In the end it destroyed him..

13 CHANGES IN SPAIN For better control of the Continental blockade of Napoleon occupies Spain He deposes the king gives his throne to his brother Joseph

14 WAR IN SPAIN Spaniards supported by the Catholic Church rose up against French occupation They fought in guerrilla way French army was never able to control the whole territory English landing and defence of Portugal later deliberation of Madrud

15 1ST LOST BATTLE In 1809 Austria renewed war with Napoleon Although in May Austrian army wins at Aspern it doesn t take advantage of the victory In July Austria is utterly defeated at Wagram

16 FAMILY MATTERS On 15th December 1809 Napoleon divorced Empress Josephine de Beauharnais married Austrian princess Maria Luise of Habsburg she gave him a son: Napoleon II

17 END OF ALLIANCE Russian Tsar breaks the continental blockade Napoleon's answer: Russian campaign of his Grand Armée

18 RUSSIAN CAMPAIGN On 23rd June 1812 Napoleon leading about soldiers (only one third of the French) draws in Russia Russian troops retreat, avoiding a decisive battle.

19 BORODINO On 7th September 1812 was fought the first major battle at Borodino It had no winner Russian general Kutuzov withdrew again Let the French enter Moscow

20 PYRRHOS VICTORY Napoleon occupies Moscow which had been abandoned Moscow is without supplies great fire breaks up and nearly destroys the city Napoleon expects the bid for peace It does not come, but general Winter does

21 RETREAT Napoleon is forced to retreat from Russia Russian army presses the French to come back the same way as they came (battles of Tarutino and Malojaroslavetz) Cossacks and guerrilla attacks as well as the Russian winter decimate the Grande Armée (cca survivors)

22 NAPOLEON S DECISIVE DEFEAT decisive Battle of the Nations at Leipzig 16th 19th October 1813 France and Grand Duchy of Warsaw 4 Allies:????

23 ABDICATION After his defeat Napoleon is forced to abdicate He was supposed to spend the rest of his life in exile on the Island of Elba France was returned to the borders of 1792 It became a monarchy again The French Bourbons regain the throne

24 NAPOLEON S BACK Louis XVIII was very unpopular Napoleon attempted coup He left Elba occupied Paris deposed Louis proclaimed himself the emperor again (1814)

25 100 DAYS EMPIRE After about 100 days, his attempt to restore the Empire turned into failure he was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition (Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia) at Waterloo (1815)

26 END OF THE EMPEROR He was interned by the British deported to the Island of St Helen in the Pacific He died probably of stomach cancer in 1821

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