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1 Chapter 4 Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The Nile River flows through two important regions in Egypt called a. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. c. Eastern Egypt and Western Egypt. b. Mesopotamia. d. Nubia and Cairo. 2. The Nile River Valley was well suited for settlement. Which of the following statements supports this fact? a. The geography supported various desert plants and birds. b. The geography included many areas for hunters to hunt widely. c. The geography included areas for farming. d. The geography helped to unify the country. 3. Which of the following best describes how Egyptian civilization developed? a. Villages replaced towns. c. Cities broke off into scattered farms. b. Farms grew into villages and then cities. d. Farms replaced cities and then pyramids. 4. Besides providing a stable food diet, what other advantage did Egypt s location provide for early Egyptians? a. It had temples in which to worship. b. It had Sumerian artwork to use as decoration. c. It had natural barriers to protect against invaders. d. It had two dynasties to celebrate religious traditions. 5. Pyramids are a. warehouses where surplus food is stored. b. temples where the people are allowed to come and pray. c. stone tombs with four rectangle-shaped sides that join a limestone roof. d. royal tombs with four triangle-shaped sides that meet in a point on top. 6. Which of the following best defines dynasty? a. a collection of queens c. series of rulers from different families b. a collection of kingdoms d. series of rulers from the same family 7. The first pharaoh built a new capital city at the southern tip of the Nile Delta called a. Nekhen. c. Pe. b. Memphis. d. Sinai. 8. The first pharaoh and rulers after him wore a double crown to symbolize a. that the Nile River flowed two ways. b. that both farming and herding were important.

2 c. their joint rule with their respective queens. d. their rule over both Upper and Lower Egypt. 9. Who would the people of Egypt blame if crops did not grow or if disease struck? a. the farmers whose small villages were unclean b. the mummies whose ka was disturbed c. the pharaoh who was both ruler and god d. the dynasty that was in power 10. The most famous pharaoh of the Old Kingdom was a. Horus. c. Menes. b. Sinai. d. Khufu. 11. Which of the following beliefs was central to Egyptian religion? a. the afterlife c. the pharaohs b. the pyramids d. the heavens 12. How was Egypt able to build pyramids and temples? a. The pharaohs families paid the costs. c. It collected payments from Sumer. b. It collected taxes from the people. d. The priests held religious festivals. 13. Which statement best describes the burial practices of Egyptians? a. Egyptians preserved bodies as mummies. b. Egyptians carried their dead to neighboring countries. c. Egyptians used a funeral pyre for their dead. d. Egyptians buried their dead in the river. 14. Who drove the Hyksos out of Egypt to begin the New Kingdom? a. Ozti c. Ahmose of Thebes b. Ramses the Great d. Queen Hatshepsut 15. By the 1400s BC, Egypt was the leading military power. Based on this fact, what conclusion can you make about Egypt s resources? a. It was a rich country. b. It was a poor country. c. Its resources were being heavily taxed. d. Its resources were being sent to help other countries. 16. What factor contributed most to the growth of trade in the New Kingdom? a. Egypt s defeat of the Sinai Peninsula c. Egypt s conquest of distant lands b. Egypt s creation of an army d. Egypt s creation of the pyramids

3 17. After the wars in the Middle Kingdom, Egypt a. created a professional army. c. destroyed all its temples. b. created a Middle Kingdom god. d. disbanded the scribes. 18. What job employed the most people in Egypt? a. merchant c. scribe b. farmer d. architect 19. Ramses the Great is best remembered a. for his ability as an artist. b. as a great scribe. c. for his untimely death at the hands of Ahmose. d. as a great warrior and builder. 20. Which of the following is not a feature you might find inside an Egyptian temple? a. hieroglyphics c. paintings b. sphinxes d. sanctuary 21. Why were tombs filled with art, jewelry, and other treasures? a. The tombs served as museums. b. The tombs were the private storage rooms of the pharaoh. c. Egyptians believed tombs to be the safest places in the kingdom. d. Egyptians believed the dead enjoyed such materials in the afterlife. 22. Whose tomb, discovered in 1922, taught us much about Egyptian burial practices and beliefs? a. King Tutankhamen c. Ramses the Great b. Ahmose of Thebes d. Queen Hatshepsut 23. All of the following are ancient documents that have been preserved for centuries except a. government records. c. dictionaries. b. medical manuals. d. literary works. 24. Which of the following demonstrates that Kush and Egypt at times lived in peace with each other? a. Kush and Egypt attacked each other. c. Kush and Egypt battled Aksum together. b. Kush and Egypt traded with each other. d. Kush and Egypt built temples together. 25. What ended the Kushite dynasty? a. The Assyrians forced the Kushites out of Egypt. b. The Kushites returned the land to the Egyptians.

4 c. The Kushites moved their kingdom to Mesopotamia. d. Shabaka agreed to share Egypt with the Assyrians. 26. A trade network is a system of people in different lands who trade goods back and forth. What conclusion can you draw about the people who participated in trade networks? a. They benefited from the trade networks. b. They opposed the trade networks. c. They feared the trade networks. d. They were enslaved by the trade networks. 27. Meroitic, the Kushite written language, was a. borrowed from the Greeks. c. adapted from the Egyptians. b. developed by the Kushites. d. borrowed from the Assyrians. 28. Many buildings in Meroë resembled Egyptian buildings. What can you infer from this? a. The Egyptians constructed better buildings than the Kushites. b. The Kushites did not know how to construct good buildings. c. Kushite culture was influenced by Egyptian culture. d. Egyptian culture was inferior to Kushite culture. 29. All of the following are ways that women were expected to participate in Kushite society except a. women were able to hold positions of authority. b. women cooked and tended to their children. c. women fought in Kushite wars. d. women worked long hours in the fields. 30. Why did trade with Kush decrease over time? a. Kushite merchants were losing money. b. New trade partners disliked Kush. c. Kushite farmers could not grow any food. d. New trade routes went around Kush. Completion Complete each statement. 31. The southern part of Ancient Egypt was called. (Lower Egypt/Upper Egypt) 32. Branches of the Nile fanned out to form a, a triangle-shaped area of soil deposited by a river. (delta/cataract) 33. Egyptians believed that a person s left the body and became a spirit after death.

5 (sarcophagus/ka) 34. The Egyptians began to build pyramids during the. (Old Kingdom/Middle Kingdom) 35. united the Middle Kingdom around 2050 BC. (Ahmose of Thebes/Mentuhotep II) 36. wrote and copied religious and literary texts. (Artisans/Scribes) 37. The helped historians understand hieroglyphics. (Rosetta Stone/Temple of Karnak) 38. In Egyptian art, were usually drawn realistically. (animals/people) 39. The Egyptians called the kingdom to the south of Egypt. (Nubia/Kush) 40. In the 700s BC, King attacked Egypt. (Shabaka/Kashta)

6 In the 700s BC, King attacked Egypt. (Shabaka/Kashta) 39.

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