5th Grade Solar System

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1 Read and answer each question carefully. 1) The rotation of a planet A) creates the orbit around the Sun. B) determines if there will be water on the planet. C) changes the size of the planet. D) causes the day and night on the planet. 2) Which statement is true? A) The Sun travels around the Earth. B) Mercury travels around the Earth. C) The Earth travels around Mercury. D) The Earth travels around the Sun. 3) A person who studies the solar system is a(an) A) geologist. B) biologist. C) astronomer. D) astrologist. 4) Earth is the planet from the Sun. A) third B) ninth C) fourth D) sixth 1

2 5) Which tool helps us see the farthest into space? A) binoculars B) microscope C) magnifying glass D) telescope 6) The Sun appears to move across the sky because A) the Earth is revolving around the Sun. B) the Earth is rotating on its axis. C) the Sun is revolving around the Earth. D) the Moon is rotating around the Earth. 7) A planet's movement around the Sun is called A) rotation. B) revolution. C) apparent motion. D) gravitational pull. 8) Planets farther from the Sun have A) rockier surfaces. B) longer years. C) more water. D) warmer climate. 2

3 9) Jupiter rotates faster than Earth. Based on this fact which statement below is true? A) Jupiter's year is shorter than Earth's. B) Jupiter's day is longer than Earth's. C) Jupiter's year is longer than Earth's. D) Jupiter's day is shorter than Earth's. 10) What do you call the path a planet follows as it travels around the Sun? A) revolution B) rotation C) axis D) orbit 11) What is the name of the imaginary line around which a planet spins? A) ellipse B) rotation C) orbit D) axis 12) What would you see in the night sky during the new moon phase? A) no moon at all B) a crescent shape C) a half-circle D) a full circle 3

4 13) The Moon seems to be moving across the sky because of A) real motion. B) apparent motion. C) gravitational pull. D) Earth's atmosphere. 14) Which statement is true about the Moon? A) The lunar cycle begins when the Moon is full. B) The Moon can sometimes be seen during the day as well as the night. C) Human beings have not landed on the moon to study it. D) The Moon's phases change because of the tilt of the Earth's axis. 15) Which of these planets takes the longest to revolve around the Sun? A) Earth B) Mercury C) Neptune D) Mars 16) The vapor trail of a comet forms when the comet comes near A) the Sun. B) the Earth. C) another comet. D) an asteroid. 4

5 17) In the night sky, you see a bright object with a long tail behind it. You follow it with your eyes for several minutes. The object you have seen is most likely A) a comet. B) an asteroid. C) a meteor. D) another planet. 18) are parts of meteors that do not burn up completely in the atmosphere, but instead hit Earth's surface. A) Meteorites B) Comets C) Asteroids D) Stars 19) When gravity increases A) weight increases. B) weight decreases. C) weight stays the same. D) weight sometimes increases and sometimes decreases. 20) A force that keeps the planets in their orbits is A) gravity. B) electricity. C) rotation. D) magnetism. 5

6 21) Why do the stars' positions change in the sky during the night? A) Earth's gravity is pulling on the stars. B) The Earth is rotating on its axis. C) Earth is revolving around the Sun. D) The stars are rotating around the Earth. 22) The actual movement of celestial bodies through space is called A) real motion. B) apparent motion. C) gravity. D) rotation. 23) An example of a satellite is... A) a star. B) an asteroid. C) a comet. D) a moon. 24) The acronym "NASA" stands for A) New Airplane and Spaceship Authority. B) National Air and Science Action. C) New Astronomy and Space Acquisitions. D) National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 6

7 25) Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are referred to as the A) gas giants. B) rocky planets. C) inner planets. D) asteroid belt. 7

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