1 Consultation Draft PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK A partnership led by
2 5000+ is a partnership between three tiers of Government. The project partners include: Department of Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government South Australian Government partners include the Department of the Premier and Cabinet, Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure (DPTI) and Department for Communities and Social Inclusion (DCSI) Institute Building Cnr of North Terrace & Kintore Avenue Adelaide South Australia (0) September 2012 Copyright 2012 Integrated Design Commission of South Australia, The Department of the Premier and Cabinet, Government of South Australia. All Rights Reserved. We would like to thank the 19 government agencies and organisations who have contributed to the project as conversation partners as well as the 74 community groups, businesses and organsiations who contributed their time and resources.
3 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 3 Contents Introduction Structure of the report Next Steps Integrated Design Process Research Engagement Design Testing Prototyping and demonsteration A Vision for an authentic, inclusive and innovative Adelaide Shaping a vision for the future of inner Adelaide Delivering on the vision for an authentic, inclusive and innovative Adelaide Ten Guiding Principles 17 Place Shaping Framework Future Directions for inner Adelaide Strategic Context People Process Urban Networks Priority precincts and opportunities 39
5 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 5 Introduction An Integrated Design Strategy is a project about city redesign, and city renewal for inner Adelaide. It is a collaborative partnership between three tiers of government, industry and the community. The project has involved thousands of people in many different forums, community events and through online and social media. Working together, partners and participants uncovered fresh ideas and new opportunities for collaboration. This Place Shaping Framework is an outcome of the twelve months of consultation and engagement with the project partners, industry and community. Place shaping is a way of integrating the decisions we make in planning, development and design to create the places in which we live, work and spend time and set the foundations for a community to thrive. The full eighteen-month Integrated Design Strategy project trials a different way of thinking and talking about values and aspirations. It tests possibilities through design exploration and develops tools to guide the future direction of our city. This Place Shaping Framework outlines a series of draft proposals for the future of inner Adelaide and is the culmination of hundreds of conversations and over 170,000 online interactions with 700 participants at six forums. The Place Shaping Framework can act as a guide for those who have stewardship over the future of the city. These draft proposals test a new way of problem solving under the themes of people, process and urban networks. These interconnected themes allow us, the Integrated Design Commission SA, to reflect what we heard from you, the project partners, government, industry and the community. Some of the draft proposals are already demonstrated in the many projects already underway in the city and could be further explored in the priority precinct and opportunities section of the Place Shaping Framework. These proposals will help form the final Integrated Design Strategy, which will capture and articulate the values of the many people we spoke to who are involved in the making of the city. Those that live, invest, visit and play and govern it.
6 6 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Structure of the report Vision The vision reflects what we heard from you about creating a future that crosses geographical and jurisdictional boundaries of inner Adelaide and sets the direction for the long term. The vision is the values expressed by community, experts, government partners, industry and universities. These values have been sought through public forums, workshops and online engagement. They have been synthesised to convey a collective aspiration and shared desires for the future of inner Adelaide. Guiding Principles Supporting the vision are guiding principles outlining community priorities, values and desirable characteristics of inner Adelaide. These principles can be used as a terms of reference for future city planning and decision-making. Future Directions Realising the vision will require an understanding of the kinds of spaces and places people want and how they form part of the bigger picture. The vision will need to be supported by process that nurtures excellence. It will require an understanding that the qualities of a place are forged as much by their ongoing use, as they are by delivering the built form. In recognition of these relationships, the recommendations have been grouped in three areas of future directions: People - the way that we engage, govern and take responsibility for the future of inner Adelaide Process - the way that we procure, measure and manage the best outcomes for inner Adelaide Urban Networks - the way we integrate and connect our physical environments to create better places for people. Priority Precincts and Opportunities The Place Shaping Framework also includes a series of priority precincts and opportunities. These are places within inner Adelaide that could demonstrate and deliver the framework and achieve the long term vision.
7 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 7 Next Steps The draft proposals in this Place Shaping Framework reflect what we heard throughout the project and form the basis for the next stage in the process. JUNE JUNE 2012 AUG. 12 OCTOBER 2012 NOV. - DEC IDS START RESEARCH ENGAGEMENT DESIGN TESTING EXHIBITION AND WORKSHOPS INTEGRATED DESIGN STRATEGY FOR INNER ADELAIDE PROTOTYPING KNOWLEDGE BASE AND RECOMMENDATIONS REPORT ENGAGEMENT FEEDBACK REPORT VISION AND GUIDING PRINCIPLES PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK We will undertake consultation with project partners and relevant Government agencies, to ensure coordination and connection with those who are tasked with the job of implementation. Then we will consult with the broader stakeholders including industry and the community. An exhibition and event series will be held in October, where you will have the opportunity to review, evaluate and provide feedback on the draft proposals. The exhibition includes opportunities to understand the project process and to see how each of the proposals were synthesised from initial ideas through to prototyping. Throughout this consultation period, we will be engaging in conversations through the Integrated Design Strategy website. The feedback on the draft proposals will then be incorporated into the final Integrated Design Strategy for inner Adelaide. This final report will include the research, precedents, projects and conversations that underpin the project.
8 8 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Integrated Design Process The goal is to create a vision for inner Adelaide that sets the direction for the long term and what steps we will take to get there. Understanding the process of developing an Integrated Design Strategy for inner Adelaide is integral to how this project works. The process to develop a strategy enabled a conversation about the values and aspirations for the current and future generations. In doing so, we revealed the things people love about Adelaide today, what could be improved, the choices we make today and the consequences for tomorrow. This design-based process addressed the tension between delivering economic prosperity, the health of our planet, and wellbeing of our communities. Background research documents developed during the Integrated Design Strategy project that have informed this Place Shaping Framework Knowledge Base Recommendations Report Context and Issues Report Engagement Feedback Report Vision and Guiding Principles These research documents are available online at Our process evolved across four key areas: research, engagement, design testing and prototyping and demonstration. Each of these strategies is outlined in the following pages.
9 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 9 Research At the beginning, we, the Integrated Design Commission SA, looked at what makes Adelaide the city it is today. What are the distinguishing aspects, the challenges, key opportunities, and drivers for change? We surveyed the world for global best practice in urban design, including plans and vision documents for other cities. We sought to understand what these plans achieved and adapt the pieces that offer value for inner Adelaide. We looked at case studies to better understand inner Adelaide in terms of the physical, environmental, social, economic, cultural and technical issues. Associated documents Atlas of Urban Excellence, Knowledge Base Recommendations Report Understanding inner Adelaide: Context and Issues Report inner Adelaide ABS Demographic Snapshot Consultation and Engagement Strategy Collaboration and Implementation Scoping Paper Engagement From there, we worked from the premise that good ideas are more valuable when people are empowered to share, and discuss them, and take responsibility for seeing those ideas come to fruition. This process got people talking, lots of people. After each of the forums, online activity significantly increased. In particular, during our Leading City Forum, we recorded over 20,000 hits. Anyone with an interest in the future of the city, or the expertise to help shape it, was an active participant in the conversation. It engaged with people through forums, community events, and through online and social media. Working together across traditional boundaries, partners and participants uncovered fresh ideas and new opportunities for collaboration. Associated documents Great ideas for a Great city, Engagement Feedback Report Consultation and Engagement Strategy Adelaide Public Spaces Public Life 2011 Report, Gehl Architects Creating a Regenerative City, Herbert Giradet Development Transfer Incentives & Adaptive Reuse paper
10 10 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Design Testing Design testing has been used in three ways throughout the Integrated Design Strategy project: to imagine and explore what is possible beyond budget cycle or term of office, to interrogate and validate ideas, and to illustrate and help communicate possible outcomes in a visual way. Working with scientists, environmentalists, and other creative industries, design professionals took the ideas generated through the engagement process and tested them, investigating what was possible, what might work, and what won t. Associated documents Life on the Edge DesignLAB, Safety in the City Patterns of Living Metro Park proposal Optimix Eco-Block Precinct study Kent Town Thinking Through the City Speculations Prototyping and Documentation Prototyping comes in many shapes and sizes, from pilot schemes to policy changes, to new partnerships, many of which have already occurred during the course of the project. Prototyping is a critical element for delivering innovation in design. The Integrated Design Strategy for inner Adelaide to this point, and in particular this draft Place Shaping Framework, can provide strategic direction to the multiple initiatives occurring in the inner Adelaide metropolitan region and links to the broad vision of the 30 Year Plan for Greater Adelaide.
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12 A VISION FOR AN AUTHENTIC, INCLUSIVE AND INNOVATIVE ADELAIDE
13 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 13 Shaping a vision for the future of inner Adelaide Through extensive consultation and engagement, a vision for inner Adelaide is taking shape. During the engagement process, we asked people to tell us what they thought was important for the future of Adelaide, what they valued the most, and what they thought might need improving. Numerous conversations took place in the six forums, workshops and the 170,000 online interactions. These many voices raised needs and concerns. Ideas were shared and a common understanding of complex issues has begun to develop. Three consistent themes emerged about authenticity, inclusion, and innovation. Authenticity: The need to connect bottom up community action and aspirations with top down governance and policy that will allow the city to function well and develop in a way that will improve our lives. This space is where opportunity can be nurtured and innovation supported. Inclusion: Solutions to complex issues cannot be borne from silos of individual government departments, professions or groups. It will be through authentic conversations, shared responsibility and collaborative action that we can create change. Innovation: Our actions, or sometimes inaction, are often a result of perception and attitudes. A behavioural shift and a commitment to exploring what if?, prototyping initiatives and innovating in everything that we do, could lead to extraordinary outcomes. The engagement process has identified and uncovered our many shared values for the future. This has been synthesised into a vision for inner Adelaide. The vision is a way of sharing and communicating those values and articulates a long-term aspiration to make Adelaide a better place for people. Grounded in the existing strengths and opportunities of the city, the vision describes both the desired qualities and performance of Adelaide. It is a vision for a place, but also the cultural conditions needed to create that place. The vision will be used to communicate our values and inspire confidence that we are all working towards the same goals over the long term.
14 14 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Delivering on the vision for a more authentic, inclusive and innovative inner Adelaide Shared Responsibility and Collaborative Action Through shared responsibility and collaborative action we will create high quality environments and neighbourhoods that enable diverse and engaged communities to enjoy healthy, sustainable and prosperous lives. Celebrate the City Plan We will celebrate the legacy of Adelaide as one of the world s great planned cities, and its unique location between the hills and the sea. The compact city plan will be developed in a manner that will enable and support vibrant and safe communities. The evolving urban form will reinforce the orderly street grid and hierarchy and will ensure comfortable public spaces full of either sun or shade as the seasons require, and excellent living conditions for a wide range of residents, including children and the elderly. The six public squares will support public life and interaction, and be the beating heart of our inner city. Future Heritage The many heritage places of the city will continue to contribute to the character and vitality of Adelaide. By being well used, maintained, conserved or adaptively reused, they add to the fabric of our city. When complemented by contemporary architecture the heritage of tomorrow will be created. The distinctive heritage fabric of our neighbourhood centres, dotted around Adelaide s inner rim, will be connected through a network of tree lined streets, open spaces and safe and accessible pedestrian and bike routes. The diversity of our communities will be reflected in the character of our built environment, in our housing choices and the integration of our urban realm and private spaces. Spectacular Connections and Park Lands The internationally renowned Park Lands will be cherished for the extraordinary amenity they provide the many people visiting and living within close proximity. The Park Lands provide a spectacular connection between the city and the diverse and distinctive adjacent neighbourhoods. A rich tapestry of open spaces supports recreation, cultural heritage and social connection. Through water sensitive design, renewable energy and productive landscapes, the Park Lands will symbolise the sophistication and fragility of a city thriving in the driest state in the driest country in the world. Inner Adelaide will be a society committed to the wellbeing of its citizens. It will prioritise active transport and recreation, encourage opportunities for family and community connection, and engage people in the state s commitment to a sustainable future. An Accessible, Healthy and Vibrant City New infrastructure and housing development will reinforce the unique qualities of Adelaide as an accessible, healthy and vibrant city with rich cultural history, great local food and wine, festivals and diverse activities. The city will be brought to life by the social connections afforded by the benefits of scale, underpinned by a strong sense of stewardship for our future. Our opportunity to flourish and to economically prosper is heightened by our culture of education and access to lifelong learning. Culture of Innovation A culture of innovation will ensure that the physical and social challenges of tomorrow are approached with respect for our histories, for our communities, for our planet and for future generations, making inner Adelaide an extraordinary place for people.
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16 TEN GUIDING PRINCIPLES
17 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 17 Ten Guiding Principles The purpose of the principles is to help guide decision making. They may be used as a lens to evaluate projects and initiatives or to generate new ideas for inner Adelaide. They could be used by designers, developers and planners as guidelines for a range of matters affecting the look, feel and capacity of inner Adelaide.They are described in further detail in the Vision and Guiding Principles document. Developed and refined through extensive research, engagement, and collaboration, they reflect the voices of the many and diverse people involved in their making. 1. Collaborative Communities Everyone contributes to, and shares responsibility for, the future of inner Adelaide. 2. Innovation and Creative Excellence We create a culture of willingness to innovate in everything that we do, support research and foster leadership, social enterprise and entrepreneurialism. 3. Character, Identity and Sense of Place Our places embody our values and our uniqueness, reflect our social and cultural diversity and celebrate our natural environment and heritage. 4. Public Places for Public Life Our streets and public spaces support diverse and vibrant public life, biodiversity, healthy behaviour and wellbeing. 5. A Regenerative City We nurture and protect our natural biodiversity, reduce our ecological footprint and build resilience through supporting localised production of food, energy, the catchment of water and utilising waste as a resource. 6. Density, Diversity and Urban Form We support diverse and vibrant communities by creating urban environments that provide variety of form, that are designed for best performance through the whole of life cycle and to support an optimum intensity for the location. 7. City Rhythms Our built environment supports and respects the competing needs and differences in functions and activities, throughout the day and night by balancing activation and vibrancy with safety and servicing the city and neighbourhoods. 8. Connecting People and Places Our places are accessible, connected, offer a choice of sustainable mobility and contribute to the health and wellbeing of our community. 9. Shared Open Spaces Our open spaces connect people with nature, are integrated and functional and support physical activity, social interaction and meet the needs of the community. 10. Future Heritage Places of heritage value are conserved or enhanced through exemplary conservation practices. Contemporary adaptive reuse, and creative approaches to management and use will ensure the continued contribution of heritage to the fabric and life of inner Adelaide.
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19 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 19 Future Directions for inner Adelaide Realising the vision requires an understanding of the kinds of spaces and places South Australians want and how those places are part of the bigger picture. It requires understanding what processes will support excellence, and who should be involved at what time. Through the process of research, engagement, design testing and prototyping a number of future directions for inner Adelaide have been identified. These directions have been grouped under the broad themes of people, process and urban networks and are supported by a series of proposals. These draft proposals are provided as a summary of what we, the Integrated Design Commission SA, heard throughout this project. The statements preceding each proposal are a synthesis of the ideas borne throughout the project. They are summarised for consideration, consultation and feedback. This is the time to reflect on what has been discussed so far, and consider what should be included in the Integrated Design Strategy for inner Adelaide. Strategic context The 30 Year Plan for Greater Adelaide identifies a high level planning approach in response to the anticipated changes that Adelaide faces. It forecasts a move toward a more compact city with increased density in the inner-metropolitan area. The range of proposals outlined in this Framework seeks to help realise the policy direction of the 30 Year Plan for Greater Adelaide, through high quality places that support better lives for people. The draft proposals in the draft Place Shaping Framework contribute directly to government s priorities of Creating a vibrant city and Safe communities, healthy neighbourhoods. In addition, many of the draft recommendations work across government departments and individual projects, reflecting the strategic focus of government as demonstrated in the seven strategic priorities.
20 1. People Places are made, and remade, by the people that design, own, operate, govern, visit, activate, and enjoy them. Great places need great people involved in all of these aspects of place-shaping. For this broad range of people to flourish, they need to be supported by a society that creates opportunities for innovation, recognises and nurtures talent, embraces good ideas and makes it easy for entrepreneurs to develop them Engagement We need a broad demographic of people thinking, presenting and communicating Leading City Forum participant Throughout the consultation and engagement process, a consistent message was heard that involving people in shaping places leads to better outcomes. Research shows that good engagement can build understanding and support. This is because it is more likely to build shared ownership and responsibility, ongoing connection and patronage that will make places thrive. From the feedback received and research, we support that communication and consultation should be complemented by participatory engagement. Design-led engagement makes the future spatial and social consequences visible, understandable, and compelling. It gives the best chance of building a shared understanding and commitment needed for a better future. Further detail can be found in the Engagement Feedback Report - Great Ideas for a Great City. This report offers a detailed explanation of best-practice design-led engagement, including practical examples of implementation. Proposals Adopt participatory engagement practices for all public projects. Ensure that consultant briefs reflect this process Establish procedures for setting up community panels or reference groups for projects where robust community representation does not already exist All agencies and Councils should review their engagement expertise and initiate a program of engagement training and capacity building Ensure engagement practices provide adequate opportunity for the involvement of diverse community groups, including children. Consider opportunities to use best practice engagement techniques, such as the community engagement tool developed by CABE in the UK called Space-shaper to engage children and youth to consider their spaces.
21 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Governance Continue with intergovernmental collaboration on strategic planning of Australian cities working together, sharing information and expertise, and supporting ongoing research on cities. COAG Reform Council, April 2012 Better outcomes occur when all tiers of government and jurisdictions, as well as stakeholders from the community, join together. This collaboration can deliver efficiencies, productivity and drive innovation. Approximately 20,000 people live in the City, but another 150,000 live within walking distance and use the city every day. The city belongs to all those who live, work, visit and play in it. Consideration of how we govern across council boundaries was a common theme in the Leading City Forum. A more participatory governance model, across city and the seven inner rim councils encourages partnerships and integrated decision making to activate areas that are shared, to achieve efficiencies such as connected bike lanes and water catchment and to share knowledge and information. A governance model that connects the community to top down governance was highly supported by the forum participants. Proposals Consider ongoing partnership models and agreements between the State Government, Adelaide City Council and the seven adjoining inner-rim Councils to provide an ongoing relationship for integrated decision making relating to planning, procurement, and other processes essential to delivering on the ambitions of the Integrated Design Strategy vision. Vancouver has a formal agreement for partnership among the three levels of government (Government of Canada, British Columbia and the City of Vancouver). This supports local community solutions to economic, social, health and safety issues. The agreement enables closer working relationships between the three levels of government, community and business groups, thereby strengthening relationships and encouraging on-going collaborative initiatives Consider opportunities for greater engagement by the business and university sector in decision making led by the Adelaide City Council. Within inner Adelaide, both the business and university sector have custodianship of significant strategic assets Expand the role for alternative governance structures similar to Brisbane s Southbank Corporation, to oversee the public spaces connecting Bowden to Hackney Road.
22 22 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 1.3. Shared Responsibility The city is ours, it belongs to all of us. We create it and we all need to take responsibility so that we can become increasingly resilient. Vibrant City Forum participant Cities are used by the people who live, work and visit them. We heard that citizens from across South Australia want to play a part in shaping the future of their city, improve their neighbourhoods and continue to maintain and care for our places. Involving local communities, as well as broader stakeholders in the decisions that we make, can lead to better outcomes, shared responsibility and pride in our achievements. Proposals Undertake a detailed study of the opportunities for greater community involvement in the development of neighbourhoods through models of collaboration such as Neighbourhood Trusts (refer Grattan Institute Report Getting the housing we want 2011), or the Portland model of local neighbourhood associations (refer to Fred Hansen, Adelaide Thinker in Residence report All on Board 2010) Recognise the shared responsibility between the private and public sector in delivering and maintaining great public space. Building on the current Development Plan Amendment, provide development incentives for key catalyst sites in the City. This could include a reciprocal obligation for developer contributions to adjacent public realm improvements Ensure all major public projects, including public realm, are supported by comprehensive and long term management strategies to ensure good economic and social outcomes Increase flexibility in trading hours for the City to promote a mixed retail and hospitality evening economy. This will build vibrancy, improve safety, and provide amenity for increased residential population Continue the reform of licensing regulations and development regulation to make it easier for small bars, performance venues, or social enterprises to be established and operate. Develop a publicly accessible plan identifying a pipeline of strategically important projects that would be funded in this manner to support cohesive public realm improvements.
23 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Opportunity We need the opportunity for a thousand types of developments to bloom Liveable City Forum participant Cities are shaped by people who think outside the square, and when given the opportunity to exercise initiative, everybody in the community wins. For cities to flourish, we need to draw on the abilities, talents and creativity of people in our community and provide them with opportunity to be bold. Meeting the challenges of the current global economy will rely on thinking differently about growth and success. The discussions that we had with the 113 participants in the Liveable City Forum agreed that removing red tape, simplifying systems and a creative approach to policy could lead to new types of investment in our city. Proposals Establish neighbourhood partner models to facilitate collaborative projects through matched public funding. An example could be local private investment of time or capital in the development or management of projects of social value could be eligible to attract matched public funding. Such as the High Line Park in New York, and the work of Jim Diers the former Director of the Seattle Department of Neighbourhoods Support RENEW Adelaide and associated temporary activation of under utilised buildings. Work with RENEW to develop a how-to-guide for Councils, owners, and potential tenants. Undertake an audit to identify potential sites and spaces within key areas of the City and neighbourhood centres and establish a potential activation register Establish support for social entrepreneurs by providing assistance to guide socially beneficial initiatives through government processes. This could support the Reducing Red- Tape for Business initiative with a particular emphasis on supporting small scale start-ups, community groups, or social entrepreneurs. It would complement the role of the Red tape agency champions in identifying and unlocking obstacles Follow the lead of New York Mayor Bloomberg and establish a mayor s challenge. Invite local councils to team up with designers to propose innovate solutions to local challenges that could be applied across the City or state. The ideas with the greatest potential for impact are awarded and funded, but the real value is the exchange of innovation across local and state government. mayorschallenge.bloomberg.org
24 2. Process Making great places isn t easy. There will always be pressures and competing demands. Great places develop and endure because they are able to negotiate the inevitable challenges with resilience and vision. This requires governments that are creative, agile and can remain strategically principled but be tactically flexible. Creative adaptable and collaborative organisations empower equally creative, adaptable, and collaborative people Importance of Stewardship The city is a resource for everyone in Greater Adelaide and has to be connected to the outer suburbs. It has an importance and a resonance which is greater than its physical area Liveable City Forum participant The decisions that we make today will affect the next generation. The skills required to make those decisions are far greater than any one person or discipline. Over half of the 81 participants in the Leading City forum, were from outside of the state government. As a group, the participants strongly advocated that we all need to accept responsibility for the planning and management of our resources. Proposals Establish a Place-shaper program to train the public sector in creative collaboration. Build more effective and productive partnerships, and utilise design-thinking to create innovative and integrated approaches to social, spatial, environmental and economic challenges. The program could include streams to nurture creative leadership, develop better clients, and build capacity at the level of project managers. Work with the new Centre for Excellence for Public Sector Design, based at the Australian National University Canberra, to ensure Adelaide is an early adopter and pilot for the new program Build a network of designers, or those with creative capacity and aptitude for design thinking, in the agencies and organisations central to shaping our places and spaces, including Councils Establish an ongoing alliance to support the collaborative approach of Continue to provide a forum to continue the discourse between government, professionals, business, academia, and the community, and to offer stewardship of the Integrated Design Strategy for inner Adelaide vision and guiding principles Complement the newly established City Design Review Panel by adopting a design advisory board as an integral part of the development process for projects within the city and seven inner-rim councils. Support the design review process with design support and direction, potentially through Design Advisor roles, similar to the State Heritage Advisory Service of the Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources that currently support local councils Appoint Place-Catalysts through Councils to work with residents, businesses, and authorities on developing and maintaining the social and economic vitality of key neighbourhoods in the City and adjoining Council areas. Initial appointments could focus on areas identified for significant strategic growth or associated with existing established Precinct Groups or traders associations. Place-Catalysts should have demonstrated creativity and economic acumen, and the ability to act as agents for collaboration.
25 Regulating excellence Design for life and not just for sale. Let s rethink the way we approach apartments so that the priority might shift from selling off the plan, to a more enduring measure of quality. Liveable City Forum participant Our research and consultation confirmed that the aspiration for excellence must be supported by appropriate governance of regulation and development assessment. We heard that regulations to guide and measure excellence and quality will help to ensure consistency and give everyone confidence that we are seeking to achieve the best outcomes for our built environment. These standards should be based on long-term performance and enduring quality. Proposals Review and update the South Australian Urban Design Charter 2004 to incorporate the Integrated Design Strategy guiding principles, with annual reporting to demonstrate consistency Develop minimum qualitative standards or performance criteria to support planning policy. Standards should be developed for multidwelling residential projects, public realm, landscape and biodiversity, green infrastructure and open space, construction practices, and sustainability. Such as English Partnerships Quality Standards, or NSW SEPP 65 Residential Design Code, which establish minimum acceptable performance standards for all multiunit residential buildings of four storeys or greater. To ensure design quality, SEPP 65 also mandates these buildings are to be designed by a registered Architect Undertake a detailed study of possible planning policy mechanisms to stimulate investment and highquality. Familiar incentives, such as stamp duty concessions, could be tailored to incentivise outcomes such as family friendly apartments, seniors living, or adaptable housing. They could be connected to the provision of exemplary design or environmental standards. Successful examples that demonstrate good economic, development, and social outcomes, include the High Line Transfer Corridor in New York. To be effective, the Development Plan will need to retain certain limits (heights, floor space areas, carparking provisions) that can only be attained through incentive. Refer to the research document Development Transfer Incentives & Adaptive Reuse paper, 2011.
26 26 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 2.3. Procuring excellence Good design in South Australia we ve always done that well. Good design of a process as well its time to step up and do that properly. Liveable City Forum participant In the context of shaping cities, procurement relates to acquisition of a range of goods and services that influence how well our places develop, perform, and endure. In shaping the built environment, the two key elements of procurement relate to acquiring professional services, such as design, and the delivery (construction) of a project. Both elements are important and significantly influence the outcome. Early procurement practices have the greatest potential to influence outcomes. Quality procurement practice is a critical part of getting good outcomes, whether it is a bridge, building, sign or suburb. Good procurement requires a strong, well developed brief; a mix of talent, potential, and experience; and contractual conditions that protect the integrity of a client s ambitions as well as the design intent. Proposals Ensure all briefs for design and planning services, and capital works projects, clearly articulate qualitative project objectives that support key resources. These could include the Integrated Design Strategy vision and guiding principles, the updated Urban Design Charter 2012, and the National Urban Design Protocol. Briefs should identify desired performance without prescribing solutions Adopt Quality Based Selection as standard practice for appointment of consultants. This will ensure a transparent selection process that considers a range of criteria, without undue loading given to factors such as price Utilise the creative capacity of industry, academia, and professionals, to drive innovation by asking for solutions that don t yet exist Develop a requirement to prioritise aspiring talent for a portion of professional and creative services procurement, including but not limited to young professionals. This requires adjustment of the pre-qualification process to allow demonstrated capacity or aptitude in lieu of commensurate project experience. Programs such as invited and funded design competitions provide clients and emerging professionals opportunities for innovation Establish performance requirements for the lifespan of the built environment in private and public projects. This would include reducing energy consumption (construction and operation), adaptability, and residential amenity to drive procurement practices that deliver long-term value Undertake a post-occupancy evaluation of major public projects to review the relationships between procurement conditions and quality of outcomes. Review both the procurement of design services as well as project construction and delivery.
27 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Understanding excellence Support exchanges, take people from Adelaide overseas, bring people from overseas here, have that conversation going and also have that conversation going between different departments and disciplines. Vibrant City Forum participant The 80 participants at the Vibrant City Forum focused on nine topics to examine how Adelaide could become a buzzing city that retains and attracts visitors. We need to build the understanding of what makes great places, and what makes those places thrive. We heard that people want best practise research to influence our decisions. Sometimes that means seeking international expertise and advice, it also means looking to what already works here in Adelaide and sharing that knowledge. Demonstrating what works and learning from mistakes can play an important role in understanding excellence. Proposals Develop case-study documents to demonstrate the value of great places. Explore how they came about and what keeps them great. Focus on examples that explore the influence of design, governance, ownership and management, and curation. They should have an emphasis on mixeduse developments, medium density residential, and successful public spaces. Examples include North Terrace promenade, Rundle Street East, and the current Bowden to Hackney Road project. Disseminate as publications and online. Undertaking case-studies is about learning. Those agencies involved in shaping the city should be involved in the collaborative development and dissemination of the case-studies Commission research that explores the relationship between good design and the social, environmental and economic value. Include post-occupancy evaluation of high quality, award-winning places and precincts. Examine the procurement conditions of their design and delivery. Include assessment of the associated economic value of public realm improvements, walkable communities, and adaptive reuse of under utilised buildings Support and expand Adelaide City Council Already Home web initiative with testimonials to improve public perceptions around higher density living and to provide a link to case studies of best practice design Develop in collaboration between councils and the peak-bodies of the design industry, an inner-adelaide design trail to build public awareness of the value of good design.
28 28 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 2.5. Nurturing excellence Adelaide: IT IS! It is the national creative incubator, it s the place where you come to research, develop and innovate. Where you can come and get support to take risks, develop ideas, undertake cutting edge research and then you can showcase it to the world while you live in a rich and vibrant city. Vibrant City Forum participant The Vibrant City forum explored how we could nurture our existing talent and make Adelaide a talent magnet. Demonstrating a commitment to making better places for people and a commitment to the value of the existing and emerging creative talents of South Australia could help to attract people to move and stay here. Celebrating our successes and supporting our emerging talent will reflect that commitment. Proposals Establish an annual Fellowship, awarded by the Premier, to emerging designers (from any discipline) to undertake research, international study, or internships, with a view to incubate talent and bring innovative international approaches to Adelaide Build on the successful model of Adelaide City Council s Design Festival Competition and replicate or expand it to include all seven inner-rim councils with the ambition of developing one public realm project in each community bi-annually Establish an honorary panel of young innovators to model creative collaboration and design thinking to explore social policy issues. Facilitate mentoring and intensive design-laboratory sessions to develop proposals to be presented to the Capital City Committee on a regular basis. The Young Innovators Panel could provide a low risk, high value practicebased research group to tackle the problems of the City, to develop lateral responses and challenge and unlock convention. In turn, this invests in and nurtures future leaders and entrepreneurs Adopt a policy of supporting local designers and artisans in production of promotional material and products, with a priority for State gifts to reflect support for South Australia s art, design and craft industries. Consider a localfirst approach to procuring design consultancies Develop, in partnership with the Department for Education and Childhood Development, a program to build design thinking into early childhood education. Partner with organisations such as the Australian Institute of Architects, The Australian Centre for Social Inclusion, Universities, or the proposed Young Innovators Panel.
29 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Measuring excellence What if getting the platypus back in the Torrens could be a key performance indicator? Green City Forum participant Realising the Integrated Design Strategy vision will take time, and be achieved through an incremental progress and the contributions of many people. Careful consideration needs to be given to what is measured and monitored, with a focus on qualitative outcomes. We heard that measuring excellence is a key way to reward, recognise and further support innovation and excellence. Proposals Negotiate with the Australian Government to establish demonstrated consistency with the guiding principles as a form of pre-qualification for Australian Government funding, such as the Liveable Cities grants Establish demonstrated consistency with the guiding principles as a criterion for State Government funding of public realm or infrastructure projects in inner- Adelaide Ensure greater weighting is given to design experience and excellence in consultant selection and procurement processes. This will include broadening who is involved in the selection processes Measuring Wellbeing Experience is critical we require more from public transport than just delivering the service. It needs to contribute to the richness of our daily experience public transport as the new social network. Moving City Forum participant The ultimate objective of the Integrated Design Strategy will be to make better places to support better lives. This will require understanding of how the changes to Adelaide s environment influence the quality of life and wellbeing of communities. Proposals Undertake further research to establish metrics for measuring the wellbeing of communities and built environment indicators Undertake robust and comprehensive assessment of the wellbeing of inner-adelaide communities to complement the work of Thinker in Residence Dr Martin Seligman, and emerging initiatives such as the Australian National Development Index (ANDI). Research should consider how to best measure the social and environmental factors that influence wellbeing. This research could provide a powerful way of understanding how the new urban form envisioned in the 30 Year Plan affects the quality of life of existing and future residents. This should assess and build on what is already underway, such as South Australia s Strategic Plan to improve and measure wellbeing.
30 3. Urban Networks These are the long-term proposals that have emerged as having potential to transform inner Adelaide. They include the many projects, already underway by organisations such as the Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. While described as discrete elements, they are interrelated and should be approached in a holistic and integrated fashion. The networks listed in this document are too big and complex to be tackled by single authorities, or all at once. They will require collaboration and incremental action. It is crucial that when projects are undertaken they are attentive to these spatial elements, and the guiding principles Park Lands legacy (the world s best urban park) The Park Lands have the potential to be Adelaide s greatest asset. The Park Lands have the potential to inspire citizens of Adelaide to better connect with each other, with the environment, and to engage in the shared wonder of what is an internationally respected urban park. For this potential to be realised, the legacy of Adelaide as one of the world s great planned cities must be celebrated by recognising the extraordinary environmental, social and cultural asset of the Park Lands and 6 city squares. Ensuring that the Park Lands management is creative, integrated, and visionary. Internationally, the role of urban parks in providing benefit to citizens and visitors is well respected. For example, London s successful 2012 Olympic Bid was largely based on the positive legacy the new Olympic Park would provide adjoining communities postgames. New York City s Central Park is another widely known example of how a well connected grand park can connect a city. The Park Lands are approximately 900 hectares, compared to Central Park at 341 hectares and London s Olympic Park at 200 hectares. This is one demonstration of our unique asset in comparison to those internationally known and respected urban parks. Our city thrives in the driest state in the driest country in the world. The Park Lands help make this happen. It should continue to do this through water sensitive landscapes, indigenous flora, energy generation, and localised food production. The Park Lands should symbolise a society committed to the wellbeing of its citizens by prioritising active transport and recreation, opportunities for family and community connection. They should engage people in the State s commitment to a sustainable future. The reimagined Park Lands will consist of a rich tapestry of landscapes supporting biodiversity, recreation, cultural heritage, and social connection. They will provide unparalleled amenity to current and future generations and set an international benchmark as the exemplary urban park. Proposals Explore ways to encourage greater consultation and participation on Park Lands management issues with the adjoining seven inner-rim Councils Review the Landscape Master Plan prepared in response to the Authority s Adelaide Park Lands Management Strategy Towards 2020, to ensure there is a strong design vision to complement the principles of the Management Strategy. Ensure the Master Plan explicitly addresses the quality of access and connection to the 7 inner-rim council neighbourhoods as a matter of priority In recognition of the international significance of the Park Lands, emphasis should be placed on design excellence, with the master planning or projects undertaken through funded design competitions or other procurement practices that prioritise design quality and innovation Establish design excellence and consistency with the guiding principles as an expectation for all capital works projects in the Park Lands, for all projects regardless of scale. Even the smallest of projects should be well designed and high quality Develop strategies to create greater opportunity for community groups, including from the adjoining seven inner-rim councils, to share in the stewardship of the Park Lands Seek to better connect the fragmented pieces of the Park Lands by reducing the width and potentially number of roads.
31 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK A revitalised River Torrens People love being near the water. The river meandering through the Park Lands is a great asset for Adelaide, but more could be made of it to provide recreational appeal for city residents and metropolitan visitors. The designation of the Riverbank Precinct, development of the Adelaide Oval, creation of a footbridge, and Convention Centre development will bring new activity and vitality to this section of the river. Every effort should be made to better connect the city to the river. Linear Park also provides a unique connection between the hills, city and sea. Improving the local connection in adjoining neighbourhoods and the pedestrian and cycling infrastructure could make Linear Park a stronger connection. The river also symbolises Adelaide s position in the natural environment, and the health of our urban ecosystem. Adopting a whole-ofcorridor approach is a critical aspect of rejuvenating the health and vitality of the River Torrens and Linear Park corridor as an ecological and recreational asset. It is a complex problem with many responsible authorities. Achieving a healthy river means addressing these problems. Revitalising the river might be the aim, but the benefits will be many and varied. Proposals Broaden the existing governance structure for the River Torrens corridor to include future planning and development Compile a holistic vision for the River Torrens which would align ideas and interests around a bold statement for the future use and vitality of the River Undertake a master plan process through key stakeholder engagement to capture the elements of the vision and depict a way forward for the implementation of works for future development along the length of the corridor Demonstrate projects along the length of the River Torrens to showcase best practice in integrated design Promote Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) in all urban areas adjacent the river, and tributaries, to improve the quality of storm-water feeding into the river.
32 32 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 3.3. A new Urban Form for diversity The City of Adelaide needs more people. An increased residential population is the key element of making Adelaide into a better place for people. Aspirations for a more populous city need to be supported by planning controls that provide sufficient capacity, but also encourage diverse housing to support different communities. Housing diversity should be encouraged through planning policy, economic and construction innovation and through design. Creating desirable places to live, that afford a high quality of life, is key to building demand for living in urban environments. To achieve this, development should be promoted in areas with the best possible amenity. These should include adjacent Park Lands and Squares, and within catchment of existing and future public transport, cycling and pedestrian networks. The challenges of ensuring amenity for residents and in the public realm, such as maintaining solar access, ameliorating wind effects, and ensuring active and permeable ground levels, are best met with a predominantly mid-rise urban form and mixed land-uses. Tall buildings have a place in the city, but the challenges increase with height. The needs of the city and the adjoining inner-rim suburbs are different. However, the principles of ensuring the urban form is respectful of existing context, supportive of a high quality public realm and excellent amenity, and sufficiently flexible to create diverse communities, are consistent to both. Proposals The Capital City Development Plan Amendment enables increased development capacity in key areas of the city. Support the Capital City Design Review Panel to enable it to play an important role in guiding quality and ensuring amenity is achieved. Complementary efforts can be made to embed qualitative requirements and stimulate diverse housing developments Consider opportunities for adopting the Integrated Design Strategy guiding principles as terms of reference for the City Design Review Panel Consider policy and economic incentives to ensure a broad range of housing types that provide choices to a wide socioeconomic group. Consider mechanisms, including statutory requirements or financial concessions, to ensure housing developments provide viable and desirable housing choices, including for families and the elderly Ensure multi-dwelling developments provide high-quality private, communal and public open space in a manner that provides safe and connected recreational spaces Consider how to support a range of housing tenures, including housing cooperatives and long-term rental tenure Incrementally decentralize concentrations of public housing within the City, and prioritise mixeduse redevelopment of significant sites. Investigate options to improve vibrancy of precincts and increase public access through reviewing current tenancies in heritage buildings Encourage mixed-use buildings and precincts, with diverse housing, commercial, community, and retail offerings. Recognise the role that mixed-use plays in ensuring diverse urban form, variety of tenures and cost, and site permeability, and ensure these principles are considered where sites are amalgamated Emphasise how buildings relate to the street and public realm, irrespective of building height. Ensure ground level frontages are well designed, active, diverse, are welcoming, and promote passive surveillance Emphasise the quality of development, in particular the amenity for occupants and within the public realm.
33 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Safe, Healthy and Connected Neighbourhood Centres Distinctive neighbourhoods contribute to culture and social diversity. Inner Adelaide is full of interesting, diverse and distinctive neighbourhoods. A measure of diversity is the presence of three generations on the street: children, families, the elderly. Another measure is cultural and socioeconomic diversity. Diverse neighbourhoods are well loved, considered safe and conveniently located close to the city. The established character areas of nineteenth and early twentieth century houses, generally on large allotments, is a defining and desirable characteristic. This model has served the dominant nuclear families of the twentieth century well. But this pattern of development and housing type is neither flexible nor well suited to the changing needs that will emerge as the population ages, families change, and increasing single occupancy. The challenge for creating safe, healthy and connected neighbourhoods requires balance. This must maintain the important existing characteristics but find creative ways of adapting to the evolving needs of society. This includes housing choice, but also easy access to social services. In considering approaches to achieving the population growth forecasts and intentions of the 30 Year Plan for Greater Adelaide, consideration should be given to ensuring policy and infrastructure investment prioritise the development of neighbourhood centres. There should be sufficient intensity to support healthy communities, vibrant local economies, and age-friendly neighbourhoods. The cost of obesity to Australia in 2008 according to Access Economics was $5.82 million. The International Charter for Walking found that people are, on average, 2.7 kilograms lighter in transit friendly neighbourhoods. The approach to each neighbourhood should reflect the nuance of the community and specific context. This is best achieved by closely involving communities in their evolving future. Proposals Consider rezoning of the City and seven inner-rim councils to ensure concentration of development and renewal in established areas. A concentrated approach provides better economic, social and environmental outcomes by developing better quality environments, integrating with existing communities, and realising value from investment in public transport Stage the rezoning to prioritise development in the City. Consider land-banking or retaining existing zoning provisions for future highdensity opportunity areas such as Mile End / Thebarton for long-term (15 years +) Ensure that Structure Plans or Precinct Plans are supported by Social Infrastructure Plans to identify the future social infrastructure requirements associated with development uplift and demographic changes. Ensure that the spatial requirements of these future needs are quantified and coordinated with planning and transport policy Prioritise funding to align with the sequential staging, to ensure some predictability regarding likely public realm improvements Formally request the Australian Government expand pilot programs for alternative flight path technology on aircraft approach to Australia s capital city airports to reduce fuel consumption and noise impact on residential communities. This may include a review of the health and wellbeing impact of current aviation policy Undertake a detailed study of the potential for small secondary dwellings accessed from suburban laneways in the seven inner-rim Councils, to provide affordable and diverse housing choices for young people and to support ageing in place. Include in the study an examination of the potential for these small dwellings to support the development of advanced manufacturing capabilities in the construction industry.
34 34 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 3.5. Connecting People and Places Better connecting people and places is crucial. Residents of Adelaide have long enjoyed being the 20 minute city, with the convenience of a short drive to everything being a significant part of the perceived quality of life. Adelaide could easily become a city where all daily needs are within an easy and convenient 20 minute walk, cycle, or trip on a tram or bus. The 21st century version of the 20 minute city needs to ensure that people and services are co-located, and supported by an integrated approach to a sustainable and active mobility network. The America Needs Complete Streets report identified that investments that improve walking, cycling and public transport typically increase retail sales by 30% and land value from 70 to 300 percent. Inner Adelaide is ideal for walking and cycling. The climate is good. The terrain is flat. The streets are wide and provide logical connections to and from the city. People s behaviour and transport choices are influenced by many factors. To entice people to move toward more sustainable mobility, including public transport, cycling, and walking, these choices need to be not only efficient, but safe and desirable. Safety is a concern for cycling or reliability for public transport. To get people better connected we need to make sure sustainable mobility provides attractive, convenient, and enjoyable connections to and from the city. Proposals In partnership with the seven inner-rim councils and Adelaide City Council, establish individual approaches to developing connections between the inner-rim, the Park Lands, and the City. These connections should promote pedestrian, cycling and rapid public transport patronage by establishing safe, enjoyable, memorable passage to and from the City. Incorporate public art, landscape, high-quality architecture and interesting public spaces Capitalise on the significant work undertaken by Adelaide City Council in developing the Integrated Movement Strategy for Adelaide by implementing its key recommendations. Expand to include the seven inner rim councils, with a particular emphasis on coordinating bicycle and pedestrian connections. Specifically improve the connection across the ring road to the Park Lands, but as well as a coordinated network within and between inner-rim neighbourhoods Establish an integrated network of light-rail, including city loop, and spur lines to connect the City to existing and future neighbourhood centres As an interim measure, reroute the existing free city bus loop service to the proposed city tram-loop route. This will immediately improve the access, development and connectivity of areas adjacent the future tram loop Formally request the Australian Government conduct an independent review of the AustRoads standards to place more centrally pedestrian amenity and human experience Establish a network of safe, separate bicycle lanes with associated reduced speed zones and pilot Australia s first helmet optional zone within the City of Adelaide and Park Lands. Expand the fleet and locations of the free Adelaide City Bike program to build patronage with short-ride city residents, workers and tourists Adopt a road-diet approach, whereby lane widths are reduced to minimum requirements and additional space given back to the public realm in the form of footpaths, landscape, or park-lets.
35 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Urban Forest Making a green city greener. A healthy urban forest provides one critical element of adapting to climate change and the predicted population growth in metropolitan Adelaide. The heat waves in January 2009 killed in excess of 200 people in Australia. An urban forest can mitigate the impact of rising temperatures and improve the health and wellbeing of communities. It will help keep our neighbourhoods cool and comfortable, and make our suburbs more resilient. An urban forest is not just trees. It includes the understory, the soil, management of water, and less familiar landscape elements such as green roofs. An urban forest is also a system, and all of these elements must work together. Adelaide s woodland plains should be enhanced by undertaking to increase the coverage and health of the urban forest to provide a cohesive and continuous system across the metropolitan area of Adelaide, including the City. In addition to improving the performance of inner Adelaide, an urban forest will make Adelaide a beautiful place to live, increase property values, build the city brand and assist in meeting the aspirations for a more compact urban form. Proposals Develop a coordinated approach to developing, enhancing, and maintaining an Urban Forest, including a comprehensive approach to street trees, water sensitive urban design, water reuse, protection of significant trees and biodiversity Consider development regulations that incentivise the provision of open space in private developments with high biodiversity value. Exemplars such as Singapore s Green Plot Ratio move beyond regulating arbitrary quantities of space to connect the provision of high quality open space with increased development yields. Under this model, provision of high-value landscape and open space gives developers greater development yields. If open space is of low value developers are required to provide a greater amount, in turn limiting development yield Adopt a green-roof policy for all significant developments in the City of Adelaide to ensure no net increase in Urban Heat Island Effect, in turn making a more comfortable environment with reduced cooling loads.
36 36 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 3.7. Innovative Urban Renewal and Sustainable Infrastructure Innovative transformation through mixed use precincts. The industrial areas within the inner-rim of Adelaide present once in a lifetime opportunities for creating great mixed-use, sustainable neighbourhoods on the doorstep of Adelaide. These areas are strategically located and hold great potential for innovative transformation. The scale of these sites are also more suitable for ambitious or unconventional approaches to construction, energy, patterns of dwelling, integrated transport and infrastructure. Sustainable infrastructure and decentralised energy production has the potential to radically improve the sustainability of Adelaide, with significant carbon emission reductions and greater resilience. Proposals Take a long-range, strategic view of the opportunities afforded by major urban renewal areas such as Mile End/ Keswick, and establish highest order ambitions such as climate-smart precincts Utilise interim renewal projects for research and development of innovative construction practices and environmental systems, including advanced manufacturing. This will demonstrate best practice medium density living conditions. Audit and monitor outcomes to build an evidence base and ensure continuous improvements. Interim infrastructure works should be considered in the context of these long-term ambitions Through structure planning, identify areas for urban renewal to accommodate high or higher density, allowing other areas to remain as they are Coordinate completion of the Mile-End ring route with a land-bridge over rail yards to better connect the inner west with the Park Lands Capitalise on the valuable preliminary work of the Scoping Study into an Energy Masterplan for the City, developed in partnership between the State Government and Adelaide City Council. Undertake the masterplan and consider opportunities for early demonstration projects to implement decentralised energy production with major precinct developments. Consider expanding scope to include neighbourhood centres in the adjoining seven innerrim councils, and significant sites of light industry and future urban renewal Develop a comprehensive and integrated approach to decentralised energy production using sustainable fuel sources, renewable, waste, district heating and cooling Identify likely electricity grid connection points and coordinate public realm street infrastructure projects, including future tram infrastructure, to accommodate future tri-generation works.
37 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Concentrated vibrancy and vitality Adelaide is not as small as we might think. Many of the exciting and vibrant cities we seek to emulate are much smaller, with many more people. Adelaide City centre is twice the size of Melbourne, with a third of the people. Greater Copenhagen has the same population but a centre that is a quarter of Adelaide s square mile. The premise is to attract people with compelling events, activities, and facilities that can t be found anywhere else in metropolitan Adelaide. Make it easy to get in and out, and then make sure that the places and spaces are high quality, exciting, and people focused. This combination will make people want to be and stay in the City. Proposals Adopt the principle that future metropolitan attractors (cultural, sporting, recreational) are located in or around the city, and are well serviced by public transport options. Consider acquiring strategic land holdings for future unanticipated needs in key locations Concentrate public realm improvements and place-making strategies to reinforce existing highactivity areas such as North Terrace, Hindley and Rundle Streets, and the Victoria Square precinct Build on the successes of SPLASH Adelaide, a partnership between Adelaide City Council and State Government, to provide opportunity for low cost, co-creation of activities to support vibrancy Provide free wireless internet access in the City. Consideration should be given to the extent of the coverage, potentially limited to key public spaces and parks, or timebased. Could the wi-fi be limited to the evenings to support the emerging evening economy? Could the free wireless hot spots be associated with adaptive re-use projects, RENEW Adelaide sites, or start-up business? Do all new businesses get a free hotspot for 12 months? The most obvious focus is to provide wi-fi to our major public spaces and parks, which will bring young people out and bring the city alive To achieve a great city for people increase sustainable transport and reduce the impact of vehicles on residential communities. Adelaide currently has the highest number of carparks per capita of any Australian Capital City. A reduction in the number of private vehicle car parks within the City mile should be considered Adopt policies and practices that ensure convenient shortterm parking and service access. Promote the provision of alternate transport options to reduce private carparking. Consider directing a portion of revenue from long-term commuter parking to public realm and walkability improvements Consider removing a percentage of on-street car parks every year to reinforce primary pedestrian connections Encourage government and employers to provide incentives for alternative and sustainable transport options Developing an evening economy is crucial to creating a vibrant Adelaide. Expanded shopping hours and liquor licensing reform are important elements but should be complemented by approaches to transport that encourage people to linger longer Trial an evening off-peak tariff for public transport, with discounted fares between 7.30pm and 10pm (or similar). Adjust scheduling accordingly to ensure frequency and convenience. Incentivising public transport in the evening has multiple benefits: it will stimulate the evening economy and vibrancy, and it will ease peak hour traffic and encourage uptake of public transport Encourage small proof of concept projects to enable transformative initiatives to be tested, to improve places incrementally, and provide demonstrable evidence of their value. They will provide a tangible way for people to see what unfamiliar environments might be like and experience them first hand. Consider the role that testing new initiatives can have in building a sense of vibrancy and support for more ambitious major projects.
39 PRIORITY PRECINCTS AND OPPORTUNITIES
40 40 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Priority precincts and opportunities A series of priority precincts and opportunities for inner Adelaide have been identified through working with our project partners, in particular the Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. These areas draw from projects already underway by the State and Local Government as well as industry and community groups. These are places within inner Adelaide that could demonstrate and deliver the framework and achieve the long term vision. These precincts could demonstrate and exemplify the proposals in People, Process and Urban Networks.
41 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK 41 The Northern Edge Improved connections along and between the cultural and institutional facilities along the North Terrace cultural boulevard reinforces this location s role as the cultural and civic focus of Adelaide. Public realm works to improve pedestrian connection between the new Adelaide Hospital, and the old RAH site will encourage activity along this corridor. Improved connections to activities and recreational sites on either side of this corridor, such as the universities, Riverbank, Adelaide Oval and Rundle Mall, help draw activity to the cultural boulevard. Strengthening connections along North Terrace, in conjunction with east west links, represent a comprehensive approach to the city s northern edge that benefit both visitors and the institutions. Las Rundley A comprehensive strategy to create a safe and enticing public realm from park to park along Rundle Street, Rundle Mall and Hindley Street would create a co-ordinated and connected approach to different retail and hospitality precincts. Borrowing from great European promenades, such as Barcelona s Las Ramblas which forms an important function by providing a public space that citizens can gather and act out the cultural life of the city. This has the ability to create a competitive edge for the city by attracting people to shop, eat and enjoy themselves in a unique civic space. The City Heart - Victoria Square The proposed transformation of Victoria Square will create a civic heart for Adelaide. Regeneration and increased connection with the adjoining precincts will diversify Victoria Square through the introduction of mixed uses. This will contribute to activating Adelaide s great square. Riverbank to Central Markets A fine grain approach to street upgrades that prioritises pedestrian and cyclist amenity in addition to streetscape and small-scale retail redevelopment, will create a cohesive link between the rejuvenated riverbank precinct and the Central Markets. This link will be reinforced by street trees and public infrastructure, creating a shaded, pleasant and lively boulevard that echoes the success of Leigh Street. The Grote Street Gateway Grote Street has the potential to be transformed into an important gateway. This will better connect, both physically and culturally to the markets, Victoria Square in the east, and the Park Lands in the west. The street is a major entry point for visitors arriving from the airport and Keswick railway station. Redevelopment of a number of strategic sites along the street, in a manner that contributes to the street life, has the power to transform this precinct. The Park Lands Edge Creating better connections from the inner rim suburbs to the city, increases access and use of the Park Lands, and elevates their status in the city. The Park Lands should be recognised as the connective tissue binding the city to adjacent suburbs. Keswick Industrial areas within the inner-rim suburbs fronting Adelaide s Park Lands present a once in a lifetime opportunity for transformational, mixed-use, sustainable urban regeneration. Keswick, in particular, benefits from close proximity to the city, Park Lands and rail infrastructure. A significant opportunity exists to connect the inner west to city west. By developing connective infrastructure in areas such as the railway corridor, the area s potential can be unlocked. This location, as with other large brownfield sites, also lends itself to more ambitious or unconventional approaches to construction, energy, integrated transport and infrastructure, or patterns of dwelling, than the established suburbs. WoHu (West of Hutt Street) The predominantly residential area west of Hutt Street (WoHu) has the potential to become an exciting mixed-use precinct, stitched together by a new tram link and public realm improvements along Sturt and Halifax Streets. Revitalisation of a number of strategic sites in the south east of the city will benefit from public realm and public transport upgrades, and reinforce Sturt and Halifax Streets as main streets. Co-ordinated redevelopment of these sites should include mixed-use residential and retail that will increase vitality in this corner of the city.
42 42 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK The Northern Edge Key Plan The Northern Edge, comprising North Terrace and the institutions and public open spaces that lie between it and the River Torrens, form the cultural and civic focus of Adelaide. The precinct houses some of Adelaide s best public spaces and most loved cultural attractions. As the authority for the Northern Edge precinct, the Urban Renewal Authority (URA) will strategically consider further interventions, improvements or redevelopments. Strategic Opportunities Current / Planned Projects 1 The Old RAH site The soon to be vacated old Royal Adelaide Hospital site presents a major opportunity for the insertion of a new cultural use along this corridor. This can be done through adaptive reuse of the landmark historic hospital buildings. Some of the lower quality building stock could be returned to Park Land. Consideration will need to be given to the interface between North Terrace and connections along Frome Road to the River Torrens, the university, and the connection with the Botanic Gardens. New uses should include cultural uses and other activities, as well as and extended hours to maintain a high level of activity. 2 Gawler Place/Kintore Avenue Gawler Place has the potential to be transformed into a pedestrian friendly north-south corridor that connects much of the CBD to Kintore Avenue and on to the river. The link should focus on celebrating the character buildings and fine grain shop fronts of Gawler Place, as well as highlight the axis of the war memorial to the Torrens Parade Grounds as the Memorial Garden Walk scheme proposes. 3 Central Market to Central Station link The existing Leigh Street and proposed Bank Street improvements will provide an attractive pedestrian link from Grenfell Street to Adelaide Railway Station. 4 North Terrace west public realm The success of the North Terrace development, east of King William Street, should be mirrored to the west as a comprehensive completion of this important northern edge. The intent is to make a pedestrian friendly promenade, and to link the various projects along the northern edge. 5 Government House Explore opportunities to open up Government house gardens to allow greater public use, and to present a Park Land edge to North Terrace as recommended by Gehl Architects. 6 Integrated Cultural Campus Master Plan The Cultural Campus Master Plan links the network of museums, galleries, libraries and universities on North Terrace. Its implementation will encourage collaboration in the use of South Australia s historic and cultural collections. The Master Plan will need to improve connectivity between North Terrace and Torrens River Linear Park. 7 Stadium and River Torrens Pedestrian Bridge The redevelopment of the Adelaide Oval stadium and the construction of a pedestrian bridge across the River Torrens presents an opportunity to increase activity and life along the riverfront. 8 Riverbank Master Plan The Riverbank Master Plan will improve connections from North Terrace to the River Torrens. It identifies opportunities to draw activity down to the river s edge and unlock the value of the Riverbank to the City.
44 44 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Las Rundley Key Plan A coordinated mile-long promenade from Park Land to Park Land could connect several disparate precincts into a cohesive space full of diverse pockets of character and distinct flavour. Tight-knit, adjoining streets and laneways offer diverse opportunities for business and recreation. They connect this vibrant east-west spine to the cultural boulevard, Riverbank and central business district. Further opportunities exist to reinforce and strengthen this successful corridor, particularly in the west-end and through improvements to the connected side streets. Strategic Opportunities 1 Las Rundley A whole of promenade approach to the design, management and promotion of Rundle Street, Rundle Mall and Hindley Street would allow a comprehensive strategy to create a unique civic space. It would create a safe and enticing public realm, connecting precincts along its length. Business improvement districts or place catalysts (Proposal 2.1.5) could help deliver this. 2 Shop top housing Prioritising residential and commercial tenancies on the upper floors of buildings that line Las Rundleys, in particular Rundle Mall. It will expand opportunities for extended operating hours and activation along the corridor. 3 Hindley Street Hindley Street s reputation for antisocial behaviour could be improved by management strategies that introduce an increased diversity of uses, business types and operating hours. Introduction of a more sophisticated night time economy, including live music venues and wine bars, would broaden the demographic appeal of Hindley Street to become one of Adelaide s major attractions. Strategies to encourage the adaptive reuse of character buildings to accommodate specialist shops, boutique offices, music venues and wine bars would capitalise on the existing attractive building stock. It could have a transformative effect like that seen in Brunswick Street, Melbourne, Crown Street, Sydney or Shoreditch, London. 4 Uni SA and Trinity Church The University of South Australia is a major activity generator, and its future expansion has the potential to transform the western end of North Terrace and Hindley Street. Relative inactivity outside of academic term could be overcome through the introduction of a mix of uses. Colonising landmarks such as Higher Ground (Light Square), Trinity Church, and possibly the Morphett Bridge undercroft could draw activity to the adjacent spaces. Surface car parks in the precinct present opportunities such as mixed-use student housing. Apartments could transform the city campus into a thriving community, similar to the mixed-use communities around New York University in Soho. 5 Laneways The fine grain of laneways are particularly conducive to pedestrian activation. A number of connecting lanes, small-scale streets and character buildings that intersect Hindley and Rundle Street, would reveal opportunities for adaptation and revitalisation. Temporary measures such as that demonstrated by Adelaide City Council s Splash Adelaide program could help activate such spaces as the area transitions, while interpretive signage could reveal the area s rich history. Laneways that particularly merit exploration include Twin Street, Austin Street, Charles Street, Rosina Street and Bank/Leigh Street. Current / Planned Projects 6 Rundle Mall Master Plan The Rundle Mall Master Plan s purpose is to reinvigorate the Mall as a world class, uniquely South Australian pedestrian mall that provides amenity to encourage people to visit and stay. It will be implemented under joint State and Local government leadership through the Rundle Mall Management Authority. 7 Bank Street/ Leigh Street Public realm improvements to better connect the Central Station to the Central Market and the closure of Leigh Street. 8 Hindley Street West public realm (with UniSA) Public realm improvements will create a landscaped, shared space linking university spaces either side of Hindley Street.
46 46 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK The City Heart - Victoria Square Key Plan Adelaide City Council recently announced funding to commence a major public realm upgrade for Victoria Square. This commitment would help leverage adjacent development. Development that increases the intensity and diversity of program and places surrounding the Square would add value in this investment. With its proximity to open space, public transport, cycling and pedestrian networks, few locations boast such amenity as that offered in the immediate surrounds of Victoria Square. Strategic Opportunities 1 The Square and its edges Colonel Light envisioned Victoria Square as the Great Square - the heart of Adelaide. By paying careful attention to the nature and form of development lining the Square s edge, it is possible to cluster activity on the interface between building and park, helping the location reach its full potential and assert the Great Square s importance in Adelaide. New mixed-use development with a major residential component will counter commercial land use dominance. Good pedestrian connectivity from developments to the Square will contribute to a critical mass of people needed to activate the open space, and support growth of a night time economy around its edges. A master plan could be developed, following an upgrade to the Square, to explore the reciprocal relationship between the vitality of the centre its surrounds. This study should include creative approaches to economic levers and developer partnerships that could build a compelling case to deliver projects. 2 Law Courts Future expansion of the Supreme Court provides an opportunity to further reinforce this as a legal precinct, and to improve underdeveloped lands to the south. Redevelopment should provide pedestrian friendly edges along King William Street, Wright Street and Mill Street. Potential consolidation of the District Court on the Supreme Court Site could free the attractive District Court building for a new activity generating use, capable of drawing more activity to the south western edge of Victoria Square, and linking to the Central Market. 3 North West Victoria Square Redevelopment of the strategic land holdings between Franklin and Grote Streets has the potential to introduce a new link from North Terrace to the Central Market, by extending Bentham Street possibly connecting to Penaluna Place. Introducing residential uses on the upper floors will increase activity and safety after business hours. A number of fine-grained, historic structures on the northern edge of Grote Street lend themselves to adaptive reuse to reinforce the evening economy. This would support Her Majesty s Theatre and the Metropolitan Hotel, expanding the precinct s recreational or cultural function. 4 Central Market The Adelaide Central Market functions well, but its street presence would benefit from entrance upgrades and improved connections to surrounding streets. An opportunity also exists for major redevelopment on the site. While the central historic core of the market should remain untouched, the two 1960 s additions to the east and west could be redeveloped to greater advantage. Redevelopment that replaces blank facades with fine-grained ground floor retail would activate the Grote Street edge. Redevelopment could benefit from value uplift released from upper level residential and commercial development.
48 48 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Bank to Bentham Key Plan In the context of large scale urban infrastructure projects such as the Victoria Square and Riverbank Masterplans, as well as the recently announced Adelaide Oval redevelopment and pedestrian bridge, there is opportunity to develop a safe and vibrant green boulevard between the riverbank and the Central Markets offering an alternative route between these cultural nodes. Urban realm upgrades would offer an intimate and safe route for pedestrians and cyclists which would be developed through street treatment such as continuous tree-lined footpaths, public art and street furniture. Ground level activation would transform currently underutilised building stock into a fine grain tapestry of retail and dining options, interwoven with small scale businesses and upper level mixed use developments. Strategic Opportunities 1 Bank Street Upgrade Bank Street to be pedestrian and cyclist only with public realm upgrades incorporating street trees, public art and permanent street furniture. It would align with the cohesive Bank to Bentham vision. A key adaptive re-use project would be the hotel on the corner of Hindley and Bank Street incorporating mixeduse development with a residential component to balance existing commercial land use. It is proposed that any future planning considers the West End Safety Trial strategies and initiatives for creating a safe and active Hindley Street precinct. 2 Topham Mall Topham Mall currently has a large plaza at the north end in need of an upgrade. The plaza is heavily trafficked and an upgrade including a pocket-park and temporary retail and food stalls, could service pedestrians and the local business community. Activate 41 Currie Street by promoting adaptive re-use, including upper levels. 3 Bentham Street Encourage an active ground level by transforming Bentham Street into a shared zone with trees and paving, slowing vehicle traffic and allowing for safer pedestrian and cyclist access to be consistent with Riverbank to market connection. Identify opportunity areas for adaptive re-use in existing building stock to create economic uplift and better connect to city central development. 4 Pitt Street/Franklin Street Explore mixed use development on the corner of Pitt Street and Franklin Street to balance currently dominant commercial land use. Current / Planned Projects 5 Leigh Street Leigh Street has recently become a pedestrian and cyclist only zone with public realm upgrades consistent with the Bank to Bentham vision. The programming for future activities for street activation a temporary event program underpinned by permanent public infrastructure such as services, seating and tables along with street trees and public art.
50 50 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK The Grote Street Gateway Key Plan Grote Street is significant because it is the only 40m wide grand boulevard of Light s plan. It was designed as the primary east-west axis running through the city. Grote Street has the potential to be a great street. Strategic infill along the street, and renovation of remnant attractive historic structures, would allow Grote Street to grow into the grand boulevard it was planned to be. This would make it an appropriate gateway for the main vehicle access into the City for residents arriving from the western suburbs, and for visitors arriving from Adelaide airport and interstate rail. Strategic Opportunities 1 Connection of West Parklands to Victoria Square Explore a precinct approach to Grote Street as a cohesive gateway experience, established through vibrant street and cultural activity, well designed buildings and landscape. Grote Street could potentially rival North Terrace s cultural boulevard, as well as replicate the restaurant precinct along Gouger Street, but with a greater mix of land uses, including commercial, interspersed with residential. 2 Australia Post The Australia Post site represents a major brownfield redevelopment opportunity, as the interface between Grote Street and West Terrace. Redevelopment of this large brownfield site has the potential to provide a significant new mixeduse development in the city s west. It could play an important role in providing affordable student and key worker housing to support the institutional activity in City West. Potential benefits could include a landmark development to help define the western gateway to the city, street scape improvements along Grote Street, Gouger Street and Lowe Street, and introduce cross site links improving general accessibility in the area.
51 1 2
52 52 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK The Park Land s Edge Key Plan Arguably Adelaide s greatest asset, the Park Lands could be repositioned to become the connective tissue binding the city to adjacent suburbs. This will require overcoming challenging conditions created by large-scale transport infrastructure that impedes easy access from adjoining residential areas. Safe and attractive connections across barriers will bring the Park Lands closer to adjoining communities, improving quality of life for residents and the active use of this magnificent open space. Strategic Opportunities 1 Spectacular Connections The perception of the Park Lands separating the city from the adjoining suburbs, is particularly true from the perspective of the pedestrian. However, it is less the Park Lands acting as barrier, than the transport infrastructure that dominates the edges. Major road corridors, and in the west rail corridors, create significant physical impediments for pedestrians and cyclists. Inclusiveness and improved connectivity would create accessibility. Priority walking and cycling connections have been identified by Adelaide City Council s Integrated Movement Strategy. Further connections should be considered at locations of planned high-density infill. Priority locations would include Bowden, Keswick Barracks TOD and Glenside redevelopment, and other opportunity areas of the inner west such as Keswick/Mile End, where improving access to the Park Lands will help release the value of the city fringe land, and the quality of life for residents. While connectivity for all transport modes is important, providing strong pedestrian and cycling links activates public spaces and improves safety, public health and sustainability. Passing foot and cycle traffic will provide footfall and an economic catchment to support commercial activity on the city or suburban side of Park Land links. Given that a population of approximately 150,000 people live within the suburbs less than two kilometres, approximately a five minute bike ride of the outer Park Land edge, this presents a huge potential walking and cycling catchment. If activated, this could generate significant of activity in the city, Park Lands and suburban edges. Attractive Park Lands, mild weather and flat topography further reinforce the untapped potential to use the Park Lands to attract and revitalise the city centre, reduce congestion, and improve the health of the population by encouraging active transport. Current / Planned Projects 2 Source to Sea The Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, Adelaide, Mount Lofty Ranges NRM Board and the Integrated Design Commission SA sponsored the River Torrens study From Source to Sea. Consultation is still underway and the strategy document is currently in draft format. 3 Ephemeral Wetlands The large areas of open space adjacent major roads, and current and future high density development, presents an opportunity for catchment and neighbourhood storm water management, and other ecosystems services. Adelaide City Council is currently investigating an ephemeral wetland in the south Park Lands. There are opportunities to create more similar water and biodiversity projects to the benefit of adjoining urban areas.
54 54 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK Keswick Key Plan This location represents an unprecedented urban regeneration opportunity. The convergence of a range of strategic factors including the location of the rail terminal, underdeveloped industrial land, proximity to the airport, the city and Park Lands, give this area with great potential. Unlocking the full potential of a new urban centre requires connective infrastructure linking the inner west to city west, across the major rail and road corridor barriers. Strategic Opportunities 1 Inner west regeneration This area presents an opportunity for innovative transformation through rezoning and redevelopment, from low rise industrial and big box retail, to a thriving medium to high-density mixed-use precinct. The scale of these sites makes them suitable for ambitious or unconventional approaches to construction, energy, integrated transport and infrastructure, or patterns of dwelling. Commercial use would benefit from proximity to rail, road and air infrastructure. Residential use would benefit from the amenity of the parklands, access to public transport and the City centre. Future development should link and complement the adjacent proposed Keswick Barracks development site. 2 Pedestrian link from Keswick to City West To unlock the potential of the inner west and transform it into sustainable city fringe communities would bring activity into the south west of the City Square mile. This requires connective infrastructure for pedestrian and cycle links.. Such a link might include a land bridge, possibly incorporated into a new station redevelopment, that bridges the major rail corridor. The alignment of any new link might be an extension of existing routes (ie London Road or Manchester St). 3 Feasibility study for redevelopment of the rail yards A feasibility study could investigate the best use of land at this location. This should consider: options for interstate rail, a city to airport tram line, a land bridge over rail lines to create development sites and connect to the City, completion of the tram ring route, decentralised energy smart grids and land banking to preserve future opportunity. A major intervention such as a new railway station, tram or land bridge would represent a significant investment, but it would also add considerable value. It could release considerable financial value through increased real estate desirability. A feasibility study should include a cost benefit analysis of various scenarios. 4 West Terrace / Park Lands interface Options for improvement to the West Terrace Park Lands interface should be considered to better connect the city s western edge from the western Park Lands. Over the longer term the whole West Terrace corridor should be reassessed to improve wider east-west connectivity. Increasing pedestrian access and use of West Terrace over time could see this become a significant terrace to Park Land interface rivalling North Terrace for amenity.
56 56 CONSULTATION DRAFT PLACE SHAPING FRAMEWORK WoHu (West of Hutt Street) Key Plan The attractive, predominantly residential area west of Hutt Street has the potential to become an exciting mixed-use precinct. This requires a well-considered integrated approach to guide redevelopment opportunities in the area. A sequence of linked urban spaces, fronted by hospitality and retail attractions would inject new uses to increase diversity and street activity. The presence of a number of Government owned Urban Renewal Authority (URA) sites in the vicinity would allow government led redevelopment to demonstrate best practice through the provision of a diverse and affordable offering for the community. Strategic Opportunities 1 Comprehensive framework plan for SA Government sites State Government owns significant land holdings in close proximity to Hurtle Square. Redevelopment of these sites, within a broader urban design framework, represents a major opportunity for a comprehensive, integrated precinct plan with far greater transformative potential than any single site could offer. Introducing increased residential and worker population would support the proposed city tram loop along Sturt Street, Halifax Street and Regent Street. 2 Public Realm- Streets and Parks The City Centre Development Plan Amendment introduces the concept of a new main street along Sturt and Halifax Streets that would link a number of precincts and residential areas along its length. The main street would be reinforced by the delivery of the proposed tram loop. Public realm improvements throughout the WoHu precinct, delivered though a precinct public realm strategy, would ensure optimal public open space in key locations to support higher density living. Appropriate open space might include internal courtyards, pocket parks, and community gardens linked by landscaped streets, to connect new small spaces to the larger recreational spaces of Hurtle Square and the Park Lands a short walk away. 3 Angas Street (Seven Stars) The successful redevelopment of the Seven Stars Hotel has created a node of activity on Angus Street. This could be expanded through the introduction of complementary outdoor dining uses as surrounding sites are redeveloped. Improved pedestrian and cyclist amenity would further enhance the friendly village atmosphere. 4 Regent Street North Reducing the expansive roadway of this wide, but under utilised street, presents an opportunity to create an attractive setting to support a local mixed-use and community hub. The proposed city tram loop is currently proposed to run along Regent Street North. Conversion of excess width into wide landscaped footpaths with public seating, outdoor dining, and water sensitive urban design would improve amenity. Opportunities for mixed-use adaptation of the existing historic structures would contribute to the desirability of Regent Street and the surrounding area as an attractive, exciting and affordable place to live and work. Strengthening the link to Regent Street South and the Box Factory would reinforce this location as a mixed-use corridor that supports local residents. 5 Carrington Street Carrington Street would also benefit from street space reallocation, a process described in the Integrated Movement Strategy, involving street space allocated to cars being transferred to other uses that facilitate street life to create a better city for walking. Public realm improvements along Carrington Street will further benefit from this as a pedestrian link between the open spaces of Hurtle Square and the Park Lands. Such improvements could be continued along Wright Street, linking to Whitmore Square and the western Park Lands.
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