The U.S. Government REM 1030 A TEACHING RESOURCE FROM... AUTHOR Scott Poor

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1 The U.S. Government A TEACHING RESOURCE FROM... REM 1030 AUTHOR Scott Poor 1988, 2001 Copyright by Remedia Publications, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. The purchase of this book entitles the individual teacher to reproduce copies for classroom use. The reproduction of any part for an entire school or school system is strictly prohibited. To find Remedia products in a store near you, visit: REMEDIA PUBLICATIONS, INC N. 76 TH STREET SUITE 120 SCOTTSDALE, AZ

2 INTRODUCTION The U.S. Government has been designed to help junior high, high school, and adult education students gain a better understanding of the many activities and services of the United States government. There are 24 lessons. Each lesson consists of four study pages which reinforce 14 points to be learned about each topic. Study Page #1 Crossword puzzle answers are located in one resource book, the World Book Encyclopedia. Important: Students should take note of the lesson title in order to know which volume of the encyclopedia they must refer to for answers. Study Page #2 Definitions can be found in the glossary. Evaluation questions are intended to give students an opportunity to express personal opinions about aspects of each topic. Study Page #3 Fill-in-the-blank questions are provided to give students a chance to review the 14 points learned in the crossword puzzle. Study Page #4 Matching tests are included to further reinforce key terms and concepts. Suggestions for Use: Day #1: Introduce students to the new lesson. Provide crossword puzzle page and World Book encyclopedias. Have students work alone or in small groups. Pair faster students with slower students. Day #2: Write the entire list of answers on the blackboard so that those students who have not completed their puzzles may key in on the important concepts. Conduct teacher-student discussion on various aspects of the 14 points included in the puzzle. Day #3: Have students work on the definition and evaluation questions on Study Page #2. Day #4: Have students complete the fill-in-the-blank questions on Study Page #3. Day #5: Have students take the matching tests on Study Page #4. CONTENTS Lesson 1 Government Terms Lesson 2 Government Terms Lesson 3 The Constitution Lesson 4 The Constitution Lesson 5 Congress Lesson 6 Senate Lesson 7 House of Representatives Lesson 8 Voting Lesson 9 The Republican Party Lesson 10 The Democratic Party Lesson 11 The President Lesson 12 The Vice President Lesson 13 Immigration Lesson 14 Citizenship Lesson 15 The Supreme Court Lesson 16 The Law Lesson 17 Trial Lesson 18 State Government Lesson 19 City Government Lesson 20 The Post Office Lesson 21 Army (United States) Lesson 22 Navy (United States) Lesson 23 Marine Corps (United States) Lesson 24 Air Force (United States) Glossary Answer Key Remedia Publications 103 The U.S. Government

3 Government Terms LESSON 1 ACROSS CLUES: 1. government that controls economic activity, owns all factories 5. This type of government is controlled by a few wealthy people. 6. Public government or cooperatives control all production of goods and services. 7. economic system where people or private businesses own the nation s goods and services 9. rule by the people form of government 12. service workers are appointed, not elected. 14. change made in a law or constitution DOWN CLUES: 2. government in which a king, queen, or emperor holds power for life 3. favors government control of social and economic activities and private ownership of property 4. A law is made by the court, not the legislature. 8. government in which one person has control of all branches of government 10. group of advisors (high officials and heads of government departments) 11. group of people with reactionary views 13. a rule made and enforced by a government Remedia Publications 1 The U.S. Government

4 DEFINE: Use the glossary to find a meaning for each word below. LESSON 1 GOVERNMENT TERMS 1. inherit: 2. class: 3. economics: 4. advisor: 5. appoint: 6. cooperative: EVALUATE: On a separate sheet of paper, answer the following questions. 1. Why do you think it is important for a president to have a good cabinet? 2. Who has more freedom people under a communist government or people under a democratic government? Explain your answer. 3. What problems could be caused by a government that was being run by a few wealthy people? 4. If you were president, would you want cabinet members who were yes-men (people who always agree)? Explain your answer. The U.S. Government 2 Remedia Publications

5 LESSON 1 GOVERNMENT TERMS amendment right wing civil service common law socialism cabinet democracy law aristocracy fascism monarchy communism capitalism autocracy Complete each sentence with a government term from the box above. 1. workers are appointed to their jobs. 2. is a form of government which is ruled by the people. 3. The President gets advice on important matters from a group known as the. 4. A government which is ruled by a king or queen is called a. 5. An is a form of government where one person controls all branches of the government. 6. People with reactionary views are members of the. 7. The practice of letting private businesses or the people own a nation s goods and services is known as. 8. A law passed by a court is called a. 9. In an, the government is controlled by a few wealthy people. 10. favors government control of social and economic activities and private ownership of property. 11. An is used to make a change in a law or constitution. 12. A is a rule which is made and enforced by the government. 13. favors government control of everything and everybody. 14. Governments which practice are controlled by smaller, public governments or cooperatives. Remedia Publications 3 The U.S. Government

6 MATCHING: Match each term to its meaning. LESSON 1 GOVERNMENT TERMS 1. amendment 2. right wing 3. civil service 4. cabinet 5. democracy 6. law 7. aristocracy 8. fascism 9. monarchy 10. communism 11. capitalism 12. autocracy 13. socialism 14. common law A. a rule made and enforced by government B. workers who are appointed rather than elected C. government owns all factories, machines, and production D. government controls economic activities but people own property. E. a change in a law or constitution F. a reactionary group G. controlled by cooperatives or public government H. government in which one person has control of all of the branches of government I. law made by a court J. made up of the President s advisors K. a government which is controlled by a few wealthy people L. an economic system in which the people own the nation s goods and supplies M. rule by the people N. a government in which one person inherits the right to be leader for life (king, queen, emperor) MATCHING: Match each word to its meaning. 1. advisor 2. appoint 3. cooperate 4. inherit 5. class 6. economics A. a person who gives advice or is consulted B. a group that is of the same social rank C. to officially place a person into a position or job D. to receive from one s relatives E. to work together as a group F. having to do with money or goods The U.S. Government 4 Remedia Publications

7 Government Terms LESSON 2 ACROSS CLUES: 1. belief that all forms of government are wrong 3. to give up the right to rule a nation 6. ruler with unlimited power 9. officially charging a government official with wrongdoing while in office 11. favors making changes based upon the past 13. branch of government which carries out the nation s laws 14. forgiveness or pardon given to a person by a government DOWN CLUES: 2. Freedoms which people enjoy as members of a country are known as rights. 4. system of officials who carry out the work of a government 5. an order telling police to bring an arrested person to court 7. makes the laws 8. favors quick social change to correct a nation s social and economic problems 10. legal steps which must be followed whenever a law is broken; known as of law 12. having the right to self-government, as does each of our 50 states Remedia Publications 5 The U.S. Government

8 DEFINE: Use the glossary to find a meaning for each word below. LESSON 2 GOVERNMENT TERMS 1. government: 2. system: 3. branch: 4. official: 5. office: 6. enforce: EVALUATE: On a separate sheet of paper, answer the following questions. 1. How is a dictator different from a president? 2. Do you agree with an anarachist s way of thinking that all forms of government are wrong? Explain your answer. 3. Do you agree with the liberals who change their ideas and policies to meet the problem? Explain your answer. 4. Conservatives face problems by looking to the past. How can this help to solve the problem? The U.S. Government 6 Remedia Publications

9 LESSON 2 GOVERNMENT TERMS abdication bureaucracy amnesty conservatism anarchism liberalism autonomy civil rights dictator due process of law impeachment habeas corpus executive branch legislature Complete each sentence with a government term from the box above. 1. Laws are made by a group known as the. 2. People who believe in think that a nation s problems can be solved by rapid social change. 3. The laws of a nation are carried out by the. 4. Government may forgive a citizen by giving him/her. 5. A writ of gives police the right to bring an arrested person to court. 6. Government officials who believe in make decisions based upon the past. 7. Citizens of a nation enjoy certain freedoms known as. 8. A government official facing has been charged with wrongdoing while in office. 9. by a ruler means he/she gives up the right to rule a nation. 10. A government leader with unlimited power is know as a. 11. The belief that all forms of government are wrong is known as. 12. Each of our 50 states enjoys the right to self-government or. 13. The work of a government is carried out by a system of officials known as a. 14. Certain steps known as must be followed whenever a law is broken. Remedia Publications 7 The U.S. Government

10 MATCHING: Match each term to its meaning. LESSON 2 GOVERNMENT TERMS 1. abdication 2. amnesty 3. anarchism 4. autonomy 5. dictator 6. due process of law 7. executive branch 8. legislature 9. habeas corpus 10. impeachment 11. civil rights 12. liberalism 13. conservatism 14. bureaucracy A. legal steps taken when a person breaks the law B. self-government (as in state government) C. orders the police to bring an arrested person to court D. to give up the right to rule E. to make changes based on the past F. when a government pardons or forgives G. changing ideas and policies to meet the problem H. makes the laws I. the belief that all forms of government are wrong J. freedoms that people enjoy as members of a country K. system of government officials who carry out the work of a government L. officially charging a government official with being unworthy of office M. ruler with unlimited power N. enforces the nation s laws MATCHING: Match each word to its meaning. 1. official 2. enforce 3. branch 4. system 5. office 6. government A. a unit (part) of a large system B. an organization that directs and rules C. formal or authorized D. a group of separate units (parts) working together E. a special duty or position F. to make certain that laws or rules are obeyed The U.S. Government 8 Remedia Publications

11 The Constitution LESSON 3 ACROSS CLUES: 1. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are called the. 7. only state that did not send a representative to the Constitutional Convention 8. first state to approve (ratify) the Constitution 10. known as the Father of the Constitution 11. powers are listed in the Constitution. 12. powers belong to both the national and state governments. DOWN CLUES: 2. powers are reasonably suggested by the Constitution. 3. People who supported the Constitution were called this. 4. has the final say in explaining the Constitution 5. The Constitution has The Constitution replaced the Articles of. 7. The Constitution went into effect after nine states it. 9. powers belong to the people or states. 10. actually wrote the Constitution Remedia Publications 9 The U.S. Government

12 LESSON 3 THE CONSTITUTION DEFINE: Use the glossary to find a meaning for each word below. 1. liberty: 2. preamble: 3. rights: 4. amendment: 5. article: 6. document: EVALUATE: On a separate sheet of paper, answer the following questions. 1. What do you think freedom of speech means? 2. Do you think the United States could get along without a constitution? Why or why not? 3. What freedoms do you think ALL human beings should have? 4. How do the Rules of the Constitution compare to the Rules of the School? The U.S. Government 10 Remedia Publications

13 LESSON 3 THE CONSTITUTION Articles of Confederation amendments Supreme Court concurrent powers Bill of Rights reserved powers expressed powers implied powers Madison federalists Morris Delaware Rhode Island ratified Complete each sentence with a government term from the box above. 1. The has the final say in explaining the Constitution. 2. Powers which are listed in the Constitution are called. 3. The Constitution went into effect after nine of the 13 states it. 4. The were replaced by the Constitution. 5. Powers belonging to both the state and federal governments are called. 6. was the first state to ratify the Constitution. 7. The Constitution was actually written by. 8. James is called the Father of the Constitution. 9. Twenty-seven have been added to the Constitution. 10. belong to the people or state. 11. The Constitution s first 10 amendments are known as the. 12. are reasonably suggested by the Constitution. 13. The Constitution was supported by a group known as the. 14. was the only state that did not send a representative to the Constitutional Convention. Remedia Publications 11 The U.S. Government

14 LESSON 3 THE CONSTITUTION MATCHING: Match each term to its meaning. 1. Articles of Confederation 2. amendments 3. expressed 4. implied 5. reserved 6. concurrent 7. Supreme Court 8. Bill of Rights 9. Madison 10. Morris 11. Rhode Island 12. Delaware 13. ratified 14. federalists A. has the final say in explaining the Constitution B. powers listed in the Constitution C. what was done by nine states before the Constitution could go into effect D. Father of the Constitution E. first state to approve the Constitution F. people who supported the Constitution G. powers reasonably suggested by the Constitution H. wrote the Constitution I. powers which belong to both federal and state governments J. state which did not send a representative to the Constitutional Convention K. were replaced by the Constitution L. 27 of these have been added to the Constitution M. first 10 amendments to the Constitution N. powers belonging to the people or state MATCHING: Match each word to its meaning. 1. liberty 2. rights 3. preamble 4. document 5. article 6. amendment A. a statement which serves as an introduction B. an addition to a document C. freedom; the power to do what you want D. a written paper which contains information E. a part of a document that deals with a single subject F. freedoms that you are entitled to The U.S. Government 12 Remedia Publications

15 The Constitution (Bill of Rights and Amendments) LESSON 4 ACROSS CLUES: 1. The 18th Amendment outlawed in the U.S. 4. The 15th Amendment gave Americans the right to vote. 5. In 1789, submitted 12 amendments to the states for approval; ten were approved and are now called the Bill of Rights. 9. The 5th Amendment describes the rights of people involved in cases. 11. The 1st Amendment provides freedom of speech,, and the press. 12. The 3rd Amendment deals with providing with food and housing. DOWN CLUES: 2. The 16th Amendment gives Congress the right to collect taxes. 3. The 19th Amendment gave the right to vote. 4. Information on, fines, and punishments is given in the 8th Amendment. 5. The 7th Amendment describes the rights of people involved in cases. 6. The 26th Amendment lowered the voting age to. 7. The 6th Amendment guarantees citizens the right to a fair and speedy. 8. The 4th Amendment deals with search and arrest. 10. The 2nd Amendment gives citizens the right to bear (guns). Remedia Publications 13 The U.S. Government

16 LESSON 4 THE CONSTITUTION DEFINE: Use the glossary to find a meaning for each word below. 1. prohibition: 2. suffrage: 3. arms: 4. warrant: 5. quarters: 6. repeal: EVALUATE: On a separate sheet of paper, answer the following questions. 1. Why do you think it took so long for women to gain the right to vote? 2. Do you think freedom of religion is an important right? Explain your answer. 3. Do you agree with the 18th Amendment? Explain your answer. 4. Why do you think the 18th Amendment was repealed by the 21st Amendment? 5. Why is it important to limit Congress ability to vote in pay raises for its members? The U.S. Government 14 Remedia Publications

17 LESSON 4 THE CONSTITUTION religion bails warrants income taxes civil cases 18 black soldiers women trial arms Congress criminal cases liquor Complete each sentence with a government term from the box above. 1. The 7th Amendment explains people s rights in. 2. The voting age was lowered to by the 26th Amendment. 3. Search and arrest are described in the 4th Amendment. 4. The production and sale of in the U.S. was outlawed by the 18th Amendment. 5. The 19th Amendment gave the right to vote. 6. The 8th Amendment provides information on fines,, and punishments. 7. The 6th Amendment gives Americans the right to a fair and speedy. 8. The 2nd Amendment gives U.S. citizens the right to bear. 9. People do not have to provide with food and shelter in times of peace, according to the 3rd Amendment. 10. Twelve amendments to the Constitution were submitted by for approval by the states; ten of these were approved and are the Bill of Rights. 11. Freedom of the press, speech, and is provided by the 1st Amendment. 12. The rights of people involved in are described in the 5th Amendment. 13. Congress was given the right to collect by the 16th Amendment. 14. The 15th Amendment gave Americans the right to vote. Remedia Publications 15 The U.S. Government

18 LESSON 4 THE CONSTITUTION MATCHING: Match each term to its meaning. 1. 1st Amendment 2. 2nd Amendment 3. 3rd Amendment 4. 4th Amendment 5. 5th Amendment 6. 6th Amendment 7. 7th Amendment 8. 8th Amendment 9. Congress th Amendment th Amendment th Amendment th Amendment th Amendment A. provides for housing of soldiers B. gave women the right to vote C. gave Black Americans the right to vote D. provides the right to a fair trial E. made it illegal to make or transport liquor F. provides for search and arrest warrants G. government body which submitted amendments to the states for approval H. lowered the voting age to 18 I. provides for freedom of religion, speech, and press J. gave Congress the right to collect income taxes K. provides for a person s rights in civil cases L. provides for bails, fines, and punishments M. provides for the right to bear arms N. provides for rights in criminal cases MATCHING: Match each word to its meaning. 1. suffrage 2. warrant 3. prohibition 4. quarters 5. arms 6. repeal A. guns B. to take back or do away with C. a law that forbids D. the right to vote E. a document that gives the right to arrest or search and seize F. housing The U.S. Government 16 Remedia Publications

19 Congress LESSON 5 ACROSS CLUES: 3. person who tries to influence legislators (members of Congress) 4. failure to report a bill 5. political party in Congress with the least number of members 7. a piece of legislation 8. voters that a member of Congress represents 9. powers of Congress which are not listed in the Constitution 10. elected official in Congress who ranks second to the floor leaders 13. powers given to Congress in Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution DOWN CLUES: 1. Senate leader 2. In Congress, each political party elects a chief officer known as the leader. 5. political party in Congress with the most members 6. During a vote, a member of Congress will answer aye or nay. 11. to recommend a bill 12. The of the House is the leader in the House of Representatives. Remedia Publications 17 The U.S. Government

20 LESSON 5 CONGRESS DEFINE: Use the glossary to find a meaning for each word below. 1. legislative branch: 2. bicameral: 3. session: 4. adjourn: 5. aye: 6. nay: EVALUATE: On a separate sheet of paper, answer the following questions. 1. If you were a member of Congress, how would you divide your time between your home town and Washington, D.C.? 2. What would you do if you found out that a fellow member of Congress had taken a bribe which caused him/her to vote for a bill? 3. In what way is a member of Congress responsible to the people in his/her district? 4. Should a member of Congress be rewarded for seniority (length of time in office) or ability? Explain your answer. The U.S. Government 18 Remedia Publications

21 LESSON 5 CONGRESS constituents majority minority floor leader whip Vice President expressed powers report table Speaker of the House lobbyists bills implied powers voice vote Complete each sentence with a government term from the box above. 1. The is head of the Senate. 2. are given to Congress by the Constitution. 3. The party is that political party in Congress with the most members. 4. The floor leader ranks higher than the. 5. Aye and nay are the proper answers during a. 6. Members of Congress a bill when they want to recommend it. 7. People known as try to influence how a member of Congress votes on a bill. 8. The voters that a member of Congress represents are called his/her. 9. are those powers of Congress which are not listed in the Constitution. 10. The House of Representatives is run by the. 11. Members of Congress a bill when they do not want to recommend it. 12. The party is the political party with the least number of members in Congress. 13. Congress votes on pieces of legislation known as. 14. The is the chief officer elected by each political party in Congress. Remedia Publications 19 The U.S. Government

22 LESSON 5 CONGRESS MATCHING: Match each term to its meaning. 1. constituents 2. majority 3. minority 4. floor leader 5. whip 6. voice vote 7. Speaker of the House 8. expressed powers 9. report 10. lobbyist 11. table 12. bill 13. implied powers 14. Vice President A. Senate s chief officer (each party has one) B. runs meetings in the House of Representatives C. a piece of legislation D. person who tries to influence members of Congress E. party with the least members F. Congress powers which are listed in the Constitution G. heads the Senate H. the voters that a member of Congress represents I. to recommend a bill J. Congress powers which are not listed in the Constitution K. members of Congress answer aye or nay L. failure to report a bill M. party with the most members N. ranks second to the floor leader MATCHING: Match each word to its meaning. 1. legislative branch 2. bicameral 3. session 4. adjourn 5. aye 6. nay A. a meeting B. yes, in favor of C. to let out or to leave D. makes the laws E. two chambers or branches F. no, not in favor of The U.S. Government 20 Remedia Publications

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