Chuck Neece Director Research and Development FUMPA BioFuels

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1 Chuck Neece Director Research and Development FUMPA BioFuels What is Biodiesel? Just give me the Facts!

2 Biodiesel is Not! Just filtered grease or oil in your tank This would not be chemically changed to adapt to your engine Smelly! It does not smell like gasoline or diesel fuel! It does not require special storage tanks It can be stored wherever diesel fuel is stored A fossil fuel Rather than centuries to change to a fuel, it takes just a few hours! Wasteful of our natural resources Biodiesel generates 3.2 units of energy for every 1 unit of fossil fuel Petroleum diesel generates 0.8 units of energy for every unit of fossil fuel armful to you or your diesel engine page 2

3 Biodiesel Is Renewable From crops or animals! Good for the agricultural community! Increases the value of agricultural products Good for the environment! Biodiesel is the first and only alternative fuel to have a complete evaluation of emission results and potential harmful effects submitted to EPA under the Clean Air Act! page 3

4 Biodiesel Is Good for our children! Reduced soot and smog (50% less than diesel fuel) Reduced Carbon Monoxide (48% less) Reduced cancer causing agents (80% less) Reduced Sulfates, components of acid rain (90% - 100%) Good for our future! Each gallon of biodiesel used saves 4 gallons of fossil fuel Good for your engines! A 2% blend decreases wear by almost 50%! page 4

5 What is Biodiesel (Methylester)? Transesterification R 1 C C + C 3 R 1 C C 3 C R 2 C C + C 3 Na + R 2 C C 3 + C R 3 C C + C 3 R 3 C C 3 C ils & Fats + 3 Methanol 3 Methylester + Glycerin page 5

6 Biodiesel Feedstocks Feed Stocks Corn Safflower / Sunflower Soybean Mustard Seed Canola / Rapeseed Cottonseed Palm Seed / Palm Kernel Coconut Beef Tallow Pork Fat Poultry Fat Recycled Restaurant Grease page 6

7 Biodiesel Process From fats and oils Crude il Refined il Used ils Multiple Feedstock Degumming & Deacidification Degumming Bleaching Methanol + Catalyst Thermal Deacidification Esterification Pre- Treatment Chemicals Methanol + Catalyst Transesterification Glycerin Water Pretreatment Reaction Washing & Drying Distillation & Bleaching Cleaning Biodiesel Crude Glycerin > 80% conc. Pharma Glycerin > 99.5% conc. Constant Product Quality page 7

8 Transesterification... a 2-stage process step for maximum conversion Reactor 1 Reactor 2 il Biodiesel Wash Column Methanol Catalyst Methanol Recovery Glycerin Water Glycerin Water Evaporation Crude Glycerin page 8

9 Transesterification Reactor 1 Reactor 2 il Biodiesel Glycerin CRSS-FLW (Patented) Wash Column Methanol Catalyst Methanol Recovery Glycerin Water Closed WAS- WATER loop Glycerin Water Evaporation Crude Glycerin page 9

10 What does a biodiesel plant look like? page 10

11 ow much will Biodiesel cost? Biodiesel is a premium fuel additive. Blends will generally be priced between #2 Diesel and #1 Diesel. Most distributors and retailers are finding that the blends are costing 1cent additional per percent of blend additive. B-2 has been selling at 2 cents above #2. Blends will cost less than fuels reformulated to meet the more stringent low sulfur standards. Blends will allow fleets to meet federal mandates for use of alternative fuels and pollution reduction page 11

12 Why produce Biodiesel in Redwood County? Multiple feedstock availability Central Bi has land available We can meet the environmental requirements Centrally located for transportation to distributors Located centrally to several major Pipeline Terminals Mankato, Marshall, Sioux Falls, Alexandria Biodiesel is actively supported by Farmer wned Cooperatives! page 12

13 Technologies available Batch vs. Continuous Refined oils vs. crude, rendered, restaurant reclaimed. Contaminates in the feedstock Foots, soapstock, phosphates, proteins, etc. Direct esterification vs. transesterification Type of alcohol in reaction Type of catalyst used, acid or base System for separation of glycerin from ester Method of alcohol recovery Degree of glycerin refinement Water, steam and other utility utilization Volume design Permit requirements page 13

14 Technology Summary Technology suitable for multiple feedstock Continuous process at atmospheric pressure and ± 60 C igh yield process Low chemical / catalyst consumption Clear phase separation by special gravity process (no centrifuges) Low operating and maintenance cost Biodiesel quality to ASTM D-6751 / DIN / EN Raw Glycerin quality to BS 2621 Pharma Glycerin to EP 99.5 (Kosher if feedstock is virgin oil / fat) page 14

15 ASTM versus DIN versus Lurgi side-by-side comparison ASTM D-6751 E DIN Lurgi Process* 15 C g / ml g / ml 0.88 g / ml 40 C mm 2 / sec mm 2 / sec 4.2 mm 2 / sec Flashpoint 130 C 110 C 175 C Water & Sediment max. % vol max. % vol % vol. Acid Number Free Glycerin Total Glycerin Cetane 47 min. 49 min. 56 min. Carbon Residue 0.05 % max % max % Cloud Point Unspecified -20 C Nov. 16 to Feb C Nov. 16 to Feb. 28 * Analysis from stable production of NEW, Marl, Germany page 15

16 Natural Energy West Customer: Natural Energy West Gmb Plant: Biodiesel and Glycerine Plant Location: Marl, Germany Capacity: 300 TPD Lurgi Services: Basic Engineering Detail Engineering Procurement / Construction incl. Steel Structure Construction Supervision Commissioning and Start-up Greenfield Project: Lump-sum Turnkey - Single Line Responsibility Start of Engineering: March 2001 Start-up: April 2002 Special Features Continuous Transesterification Process igh Quality Biodiesel & Glycerine Na-Methylate as Catalyst page 16

17 uish Detergents, ouston, TX Customer: uish Detergents Inc. Plant: Detergent Methyl Ester Plant Location: ouston, TX Capacity: 300 TPD Lurgi Services: Engineering & Procurement Basic Engineering Detail Engineering Procurement Process Installation / Supervision Commissioning and Start-up Feedstock: Beef Tallow / Palm Kernel il Start of Engineering: March 1999 Start-up: April 2002 page 17

18 Contacts for: FUMPA BIFUELS Chuck Neece Director: Research and Development ffice: P Box 319, 590 W. Park Rd. Redwood Falls, MN Ph: Fax: page 18

Abstract Process Economics Program Report 251A ADVANCES IN BIODIESEL AND RENEWABLE DIESEL PRODUCTION (December 2007)

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