BUILDING BRIDGES PERSON AT A TIME A GUIDE TO GUARDIANSHIP FOR ADULTS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES OF SUPPORT ONE

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BUILDING BRIDGES PERSON AT A TIME A GUIDE TO GUARDIANSHIP FOR ADULTS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES OF SUPPORT ONE"

Transcription

1 BUILDING BRIDGES OF SUPPORT ONE PERSON AT A TIME A GUIDE TO GUARDIANSHIP FOR ADULTS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES Developmental Disabilities Services Division

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS: Introduction 2 and 3 Alternatives to guardianship 4 What is guardianship? 4 and 5 How is the need for a guardian determined? 6 What are the qualifications to become a guardian? 7 and 8 The guardianship voucher program 8 Types of guardianship 9 Limitations of guardians 10 Role of the guardian 11

3 2 INTRODUCTION Freedom of choice is one of the most basic of human rights. The ability to make choices to decide what to wear, what food to eat, where to go, where to live and with whom to make friends these choices reflect who we are as a person and our beliefs, preferences and dreams. Adults with mental retardation and other developmental disabilities have the same rights to make choices about their lives as any other people. Having a developmental disability is not, by itself, a good enough reason to assume that a person cannot make decisions or manage their own affairs. Sometimes, because of limited mental capabilities and communication skills, a person may need help in making competent decisions about life. That is where a guardian can be of benefit. While on one hand, guardianship can help protect a person s rights and best interests, it is a decision that must be handled with great caution and never just for the convenience of others. Anytime a person s freedom to make choices is limited, regardless of the reason, it can lessen self-respect and self worth. Guardianship is a tool to be considered only when a person cannot make competent life decisions. Just because a decision is not one you would make, does not mean the person making the decision is incapacitated or not capable. We all make choices that others may not agree with or think are poor choices. Even with a guardian, a person still has the right to help make decisions about life. It is the responsibility of the guardian to help that person make the right decisions.

4 Parents of children with disabilities often assume they have the legal right to make decisions for their son or daughter with mental retardation beyond childhood simply because they are the parents. This is not the case. Once any person reaches the age of 18, they are considered by law to be competent to manage their own affairs and make their own decisions. This means that adults with disabilities have the legal right to make all their own decisions and give their consent or permission until a judge decides they are not capable. In that case, a guardian would be appointed. A parent is often appointed as the adult child s guardian, or the guardian may be a brother or a sister. If no family members are available, then a close friend or a volunteer may be asked to serve in that role. Regardless of who may want to be that person s guardian, legal guardianship must go through a court process and it must be for a very good reason. The Developmental Disabilities Services Division (DDSD) of the Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) serves thousands of people with developmental disabilities. Among the services provided is assistance with guardianship issues. This booklet is intended to provide general information about guardianship as well as DDSD s philosophies and policies regarding this very important decision. 3

5 4 ALTERNATIVES TO GUARDIANSHIP Before making the guardianship decision, there are some less drastic alternatives that may better meet the person s need for assistance. Some are quite informal and others might need the assistance of an attorney to set up. They include: Informal assistance and guidance from family, friends, and others; Representative Payee (to handle financial matters); Limited Bank Accounts; An independent volunteer advocate (someone to help speak for that person and make decisions); Power of Attorney (to make decisions about health care and property); Living Wills, and; Trust Funds. WHAT IS GUARDIANSHIP? Guardianship is a legal relationship that is set up by a judge. It can be general, allowing the guardian to make certain major decisions for that person, or it may be limited, giving decision-making authority to the guardian in only a few areas of a person s life. It may be ordered for only a limited time or even for a single decision. Guardianship need not be life long, nor is it an all-or-nothing deal. The guardianship relationship can be designed to fit each person s needs and still allow the person to make as many decisions in their life as possible.

6 There are many mistaken beliefs about the role of the guardian. Here are a few examples of what a guardian is not: A guardian is not a service provider. A guardian has a role in identifying what services a person may need, and in advocating for and monitoring those services, but it is not the guardian s role to personally provide care or services. Parents who are appointed guardians to their adult children may also provide services to their child, but being the guardian does not make this an obligation. A guardian is not a parent. Being appointed a guardian does not create a parent-child relationship for non-parental guardians, nor does it continue the more encompassing role parents have with their minor children. A guardian is not a controller. Guardianship should not be used as a control mechanism over the person. That is not the intent of the law. A guardian may be given responsibility over specific areas of a person s life, such as medical or financial decisions, but that does not mean the guardian can control every aspect of the person s life. 5

7 6 HOW IS THE NEED FOR A GUARDIAN DETERMINED? DDSD serves thousands of people with developmental disabilities, children and adults. When a young person being served by the division approaches the age of 18, a guardianship assessment is performed to determine if there is a need for a guardian. All adults being served have an initial guardianship assessment when they enter the service system, and the assessment is reviewed annually during their Individual Plan (IP) process. There are three conditions that must be met before DDSD will consider a guardianship recommendation: 1. The person must have a current need for programs and services that are essential for health or safety; 2. The person must lack the capacity to consent to those programs and services; and, 3. There are no less restrictive alternatives that would eliminate the need for a guardian. If all three of these conditions apply the process of finding a guardian begins. In choosing a person to serve as a guardian first consideration is usually given to close family members. If family is not an option the DDSD guardianship coordinator will make a referral to the TARC ARCCorps program. ARCCorps works with the person s case manager and team in finding a volunteer to serve as a guardian. ARCCorps is responsible for recruiting, training and supporting volunteer guardians for persons receiving DDSD services.

8 WHAT ARE THE QUALIFICATIONS TO BECOME A GUARDIAN? Regardless of whether or not a guardian is related to the person, he or she should be aware and sensitive to the needs and preferences of the person. That is why so much care is taken in finding the right match for each person. A guardian must be a caring and devoted person who is willing to make a long-term commitment to the person he or she is volunteering to serve. The guardian must be available to attend the person s team meetings and be accessible to the person they serve on a regular basis. The amount of time required of a guardian will vary with the needs of each person. The Oklahoma Guardianship Act (Oklahoma State Statutes, Title 30) sets certain requirements about who can be a guardian. DDSD uses the same criteria and has some additional requirements for persons receiving services from the division. The guardian: is not a minor (at least 18 years old); is not incapacitated or partially incapacitated; is not a convicted felon (except upon further review by the court into the nature of the felony and then only with court approval); is under no financial obligation to the person he or she is volunteering to serve; has no conflict of interest that would prevent or be harmful to the ability of the volunteer to act in the best interest of the person he or she is volunteering to serve; is a family member or, if not a family member, the volunteer must be a resident of the state of Oklahoma for at least one year (relatives can live outside the state); and, supports the philosophy and values of the DDSD mission statement. 7

9 8 The guardian cannot be: an OKDHS employee; a DDSD contract provider, e.g. residential, vocational, psychology, speech, therapy, occupational therapy, foster parents, etc.; an employee of contract providers; and, an immediate family member of contract providers, where it is shown that financial interdependence exists. THE GUARDIANSHIP VOUCHER PROGRAM DDSD can help pay for legal fees associated with guardianship services through a voucher program. A voucher is simply a certificate from DDSD that may be redeemed by an attorney for reimbursement of legal fees. This assistance is available to persons receiving Home and Community-Based Waiver services and residents of the Northern Oklahoma Resource Center in Enid, the Robert M. Greer Center in Enid, and the Southern Oklahoma Resource Center in Pauls Valley. To be eligible for this voucher, the potential guardian must be a relative of the person or a certified volunteer through the ARCCorps program. The potential guardian must also be recommended and approved by the DDSD guardianship assessment team. Immediate family members must meet certain financial eligibility requirements to qualify for the voucher. An immediate family member includes a spouse, mother or father. To be eligible for the voucher, the annual (yearly) adjusted gross income of the immediate family member or co-applicants must be $60,000 or less. Other relatives or volunteer guardians do not have to meet these financial requirements. Information on the voucher can be obtained through the individual s DDSD case manager. If the application is approved, a dated voucher is sent to the potential guardian who then seeks an attorney. Upon completion of the guardianship proceedings, the attorney who provides the service submits the voucher to DDSD for payment.

10 TYPES OF GUARDIANSHIP When creating the guardianship order the judge has flexibility. The judge may make specific rules for each guardian in order to protect as much as possible the person s independence. Under the Oklahoma Guardianship Act, there are three types of guardianship: 1. General: A general guardian is a guardian of the person (also referred to as a ward) or of all the person s property. Guardian of the Person: This type of guardian has the legal authority to make personal decisions for the ward such as living arrangements, employment, education and what kinds of medical procedures the person should have, but only to the extent that the person cannot make their own decisions. Guardian of the Property: This kind of guardianship gives the guardian the legal authority to manage money or other property of the person, including the person s wages. 2. Limited: A limited guardian can make certain decisions for the ward, or about the property of the ward within this state, or both. Limited guardianship is often used for persons who need someone to make medical decisions for them. 3. Special: A special guardian is appointed for an emergency purpose and for a set period of time. Generally this period of time is approximately 30 days but may be extended if necessary. 9

11 10 LIMITATIONS OF GUARDIANS There are some limitations, by law, to the things a guardian can decide. Guardians cannot give consent to the following without court approval: Withhold or withdraw life supports Terminate parental rights Abortion Psychosurgery Organ donation Experimental procedures Placement in a mental health facility without a court hearing Prohibit marriage or divorce Guardians only have authority over the areas of a person s life that are specified in the guardianship order.

12 ROLE OF THE GUARDIAN The specific responsibilities and limitations of the guardian s role are specified in the Oklahoma Guardianship Act and may be further detailed in the court s order. The basic role of the guardian is to follow the orders of the court, assure that the person s rights are being protected, and the essential needs of health and safety are being met. This includes giving consent for the person to receive necessary services to meet basic needs and helping the person to be as independent as possible. It is very important for guardians to remember that people who have guardians still need to be involved in all the decisions that affect their lives and to act on their own whenever possible. A guardian should understand the person well enough to help them make important decisions and to give consent and approval for services. This means maintaining sufficient contact to know the person s capabilities, finances, physical and mental health, and other needs. In Oklahoma, a guardian s services are considered voluntary and guardians are not financially compensated or paid. Liabilities of a Guardian According to the Oklahoma Guardianship Act, a guardian is not held liable for decisions made in good faith and within the limits set by the court, as long as the guardian has acted responsibly and without negligence. A guardian can be held liable if he or she neglects their duties and responsibilities. If a guardian misuses the powers assigned by the court, the guardian may be liable for civil damages as well as criminal penalties. 11

13 12 FOR MORE INFORMATION ON GUARDIANSHIP ISSUES Developmental Disabilities Services Division (866) or (405) TARC ARCCorps Program (800) or (918) or Disclaimer This publication is designed to provide general information about guardianship for DDSD service recipients. This information should not be used as a substitute for professional services, legal advice or other expert assistance.

14 OKDHS Pub. No Issued 11/2005 This publication is authorized by the Oklahoma Commission for Human Services in accordance with state and federal regulations and printed by the Oklahoma Department of Human Services at a cost of $ for 5,000 copies. Copies have been deposited with the Publications Clearinghouse of the Oklahoma Department of Libraries. OKDHS offices may request copies on ADM-9 electronic supply orders. Members of the public may obtain copies by contacting the OKDHS Records Center at (405) or (toll free).

Making Health Care Decisions in North Dakota:

Making Health Care Decisions in North Dakota: Making Health Care Decisions in North Dakota: A Summary of North Dakota Law Regarding Health Care Directives Published by: North Dakota Department of Human Services Aging Services Division 1237 W.Divide

More information

You may petition for adoption in the Probate Division of the Vermont Superior Court if:

You may petition for adoption in the Probate Division of the Vermont Superior Court if: This chapter includes information about: Who Can Adopt Who Can Be Adopted Procedure for Adoption Rights of People Who Have Been Adopted Adoption of Stepchildren and Others Guardianship of a Minor Emancipation

More information

Legal Techniques. for. MEDICAL & PERSONAL PLANNING for ALZHEIMER S FAMILIES IN NEW HAMPSHIRE

Legal Techniques. for. MEDICAL & PERSONAL PLANNING for ALZHEIMER S FAMILIES IN NEW HAMPSHIRE Legal Techniques for MEDICAL & PERSONAL PLANNING for ALZHEIMER S FAMILIES IN NEW HAMPSHIRE NH BUREAU OF ELDERLY AND ADULT SERVICES 1-800-351-1888, Extension 9203 HELP LINE TTY/TDD RELAY 1-800-735-2964

More information

AGING SERVICES DIVISION ABOUT WILL YOUR. Prepared in cooperation. www.okdhs.org

AGING SERVICES DIVISION ABOUT WILL YOUR. Prepared in cooperation. www.okdhs.org AGING SERVICES DIVISION ABOUT YOUR WILL Prepared in cooperation with Legal Aid of Oklahoma www.okdhs.org Prepared in cooperation with Legal Aid Services of Oklahoma 2 What s a will? A will is a written

More information

Health Care Directives

Health Care Directives Health Care Directives DUNNING PLACE March 2011 Health Care Directives The purpose of this booklet is to outline briefly the law and practice around health care directives. This booklet is a summary and

More information

Guardianship and Alternatives to Guardianship

Guardianship and Alternatives to Guardianship Guardianship and Alternatives to Guardianship Prepared by The Rhode Island Disability Law Center 275 Westminster Street, Suite 401 Providence, RI 02903 (401) 831-3150 Voice (401) 831-5335 TDD Guardianship

More information

DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES OFFICE OF PUBLIC GUARDIAN

DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES OFFICE OF PUBLIC GUARDIAN DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES OFFICE OF PUBLIC GUARDIAN A GUIDE TO GUARDIAN SERVICES IN UTAH 2014 OFFICE OF PUBLIC GUARDIAN Page 2 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Guardianship 4 & 5 Guardianships & Responsibilities

More information

WHEREAS, children caught in the middle of high parental conflict are more likely to be harmed; and

WHEREAS, children caught in the middle of high parental conflict are more likely to be harmed; and THE ELEVENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT MIAMI-DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO. 06-1 (Court Administration) ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 06-03 IN RE: PARENTING COORDINATION IN FAMILY LAW CASES WHEREAS, children caught in

More information

INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY

INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY THIS IS AN IMPORTANT LEGAL DOCUMENT. BEFORE SIGNING THIS DOCUMENT, YOU SHOULD KNOW THESE IMPORTANT FACTS: Except to the extent you state otherwise,

More information

Guardianship or Power of Attorney Which Is Right For You?

Guardianship or Power of Attorney Which Is Right For You? Guardianship or Power of Attorney Which Is Right For You? Guardianship Guardians are people who can make legal decisions about a child and they are appointed through a court process to have the legal authority

More information

INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY

INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY THIS IS AN IMPORTANT LEGAL DOCUMENT. BEFORE SIGNING THIS DOCUMENT, YOU SHOULD KNOW THESE IMPORTANT FACTS: Except to the extent you state otherwise,

More information

GUARDIANSHIP IN PENNSYLVANIA

GUARDIANSHIP IN PENNSYLVANIA GUARDIANSHIP IN PENNSYLVANIA Figure 1 Gray lighthouse and blue sky. Prepared by: Disability Rights Network of Pennsylvania www.drnpa.org 1-800-692-7443 [Voice] 1-877-375-7139 [TTY] drnpa-hbg@drnpa.org

More information

What s the Difference Between A Power of Attorney and a Guardianship?

What s the Difference Between A Power of Attorney and a Guardianship? What s the Difference Between A and a? And Which Would I Rather Have? What is a? Two kinds: Financial Medical Document which gives someone else authority to make medical decisions (medical power of attorney)

More information

Adult Protective Services

Adult Protective Services Chapter 7.E Guardianship/conservatorship and Mental Health Board A. Guardianship/Conservatorship 1. A guardian or conservator is a person or entity appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction to have

More information

CHAPTER 8 GENERAL LEGAL RIGHTS

CHAPTER 8 GENERAL LEGAL RIGHTS GUARDIANSHIP/CONSERVATORSHIP GENERAL LEGAL RIGHTS CHAPTER 8 Guardianship is a legal process whereby one individual is appointed by a Probate Court to have the authority and responsibility for the personal

More information

LEGALLY ADEQUATE CONSENT

LEGALLY ADEQUATE CONSENT REV2 8 2011_CS1 LEGALLY ADEQUATE CONSENT In general, adults with disabilities have the right to control their own lives and make their own decisions. They must give consent to have limitations placed on

More information

Completing an Adoption in Minnesota. The Rights and Responsibilities of Birth Parents, Prospective Adoptive Parents and Adoption Agencies

Completing an Adoption in Minnesota. The Rights and Responsibilities of Birth Parents, Prospective Adoptive Parents and Adoption Agencies Completing an Adoption in Minnesota The Rights and Responsibilities of Birth Parents, Prospective Adoptive Parents and Adoption Agencies This information is available in other forms to people with disabilities

More information

A GUIDE TO THE SUBSTITUTE DECISIONS ACT

A GUIDE TO THE SUBSTITUTE DECISIONS ACT A GUIDE TO THE SUBSTITUTE DECISIONS ACT 0-7794-2147-7 Queen s Printer for Ontario, 2000 Introduction to the Guide 03 The Subsitute Decisions Act 06 Some Important Definitions 08 Decisions About Property

More information

GUARDIANSHIP LAW IN NORTH CAROLINA for General Guardians - Guardians of the Person-Guardians of the Estate

GUARDIANSHIP LAW IN NORTH CAROLINA for General Guardians - Guardians of the Person-Guardians of the Estate GUARDIANSHIP LAW IN NORTH CAROLINA for General Guardians - Guardians of the Person-Guardians of the Estate IMPORTANT The Clerk of Superior Court in all 100 counties in North Carolina serves as the judge

More information

Department of Health Services

Department of Health Services DIVISION OF PUBLIC HEALTH 1 WEST WILSON STREET P O BOX 2659 Scott Walker MADISON WI 53701-2659 Governor State of Wisconsin 608-266-1251 Dennis G. Smith FAX: 608-267-2832 Secretary TTY: 888-701-1253 Department

More information

Acting Under a Power of Attorney

Acting Under a Power of Attorney Knowledge ~ Compassion ~ Peace of Mind Acting Under a Power of Attorney Two Kinds of Powers of Attorney There are two kinds of Powers of Attorney documents: Power of Attorney for Property; Power of Attorney

More information

Model Standards of Practice for Family and Divorce Mediation

Model Standards of Practice for Family and Divorce Mediation Association of Family and Conciliation Courts Model Standards of Practice for Family and Divorce Mediation 2000 Association of Family and Conciliation Courts Model Standards of Practice for Family and

More information

A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT REVISING LAWS RELATING TO GUARDIANSHIP; REVISING

A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: AN ACT REVISING LAWS RELATING TO GUARDIANSHIP; REVISING HB0.0 HOUSE BILL NO. INTRODUCED BY J. ESSMANN, M. FUNK A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT REVISING LAWS RELATING TO GUARDIANSHIP; REVISING LAWS RELATING TO THE COMMITMENT OF INCAPACITATED PERSONS; PROVIDING

More information

Health Care Power of Attorney

Health Care Power of Attorney Health Care Power of Attorney A Guide for North Carolinians -- Planning Your Estate Introduction You have the right to control the decisions about your medical care. To make these decisions, you must be

More information

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON POWERS OF ATTORNEY

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON POWERS OF ATTORNEY QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON POWERS OF ATTORNEY COLUMBIA LEGAL SERVICES JULY 2013 1. What is a power of attorney? It is often convenient or even necessary to have someone else act for you. When you give someone

More information

ADOPTING A CHILD IN MICHIGAN. STATE OF MICHIGAN Department of Human Services

ADOPTING A CHILD IN MICHIGAN. STATE OF MICHIGAN Department of Human Services ADOPTING A CHILD IN MICHIGAN STATE OF MICHIGAN Department of Human Services Michigan Department of Human Services Adoption Services Table of Contents A. Introduction... 1 B. Definitions... 1 C. Common

More information

Disclosure Statement Information Concerning The MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE

Disclosure Statement Information Concerning The MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE Disclosure Statement Information Concerning The MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE THIS IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT. BEFORE SIGNING THIS DOCUMENT, YOU SHOULD KNOW THESE IMPORTANT FACTS: Except to the extent

More information

Model Standards of Practice for Family and Divorce Mediation

Model Standards of Practice for Family and Divorce Mediation Model Standards of Practice for Family and Divorce Mediation Overview and Definitions Family and divorce mediation ("family mediation" or "mediation") is a process in which a mediator, an impartial third

More information

Agnew Law Office, P.C.

Agnew Law Office, P.C. An Estate Planning Law Firm POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE Background The Illinois Powers of Attorney for Health Care Law was created by the Legislature in 1987 and provides for a Statutory Short Form

More information

TEXAS DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT CONCERNING THE DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE

TEXAS DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT CONCERNING THE DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE TEXAS DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT CONCERNING THE DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE A DURABLE POWER OF A TTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE IS AN IMPORT ANT LEGAL DOCUMENT.

More information

MAKING SUBSTITUTE HEALTH CARE DECISIONS

MAKING SUBSTITUTE HEALTH CARE DECISIONS OFFICE OF THE PUBLIC GUARDIAN AND TRUSTEE MAKING SUBSTITUTE HEALTH CARE DECISIONS The Role of the Public Guardian and Trustee The Office of the Public Guardian and Trustee Making Substitute Health Care

More information

Understanding Co-decision-making

Understanding Co-decision-making Understanding Co-decision-making Adult Guardianship and Trusteeship Act The Adult Guardianship and Trusteeship Act (AGTA) was created to provide decision-making options for people who need assistance in

More information

A Day in the Life of a Child Welfare Specialist

A Day in the Life of a Child Welfare Specialist A Day in the Life of a Child Welfare Specialist Oklahoma Department of Human Services The mission of the Oklahoma Department of Human Services is to help individuals and families in need help themselves

More information

Power of Attorney for Health Care For

Power of Attorney for Health Care For Power of Attorney for Health Care For Name: Date of Birth: Address: Telephone: This document is on file at Copies of this document have been given to my health care agent(s) and: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Courtesy

More information

ADULT GUARDIANSHIP HANDBOOKS BY STATE

ADULT GUARDIANSHIP HANDBOOKS BY STATE ADULT GUARDIANSHIP HANDBOOKS BY STATE Alabama: On Guard: Making Sensible Decisions about Guardianship http://www.adap.net/guardianship.pdf Source: The Alabama Disabilities Advocacy Program (ADAP) Content

More information

Conservatorship in Connecticut

Conservatorship in Connecticut Conservatorship in Connecticut Edited by Sally Zanger, JD Connecticut Legal Rights Project June, 2009 Written and developed by Kate McEvoy, JD Agency on Aging of South Central Connecticut katesccaa@snet.net

More information

Major Features of the Legislation 3 The Health Care Consent Act (HCCA) 3 The Substitute Decisions Act (SDA) 4

Major Features of the Legislation 3 The Health Care Consent Act (HCCA) 3 The Substitute Decisions Act (SDA) 4 PRACTICE guideline Consent Table of Contents Introduction 3 Major Features of the Legislation 3 The Health Care Consent Act (HCCA) 3 The Substitute Decisions Act (SDA) 4 Definitions 4 Basic Facts About

More information

Your Will. The maker of a Will must be at least 18 years old, of sound mind and free from improper influence.

Your Will. The maker of a Will must be at least 18 years old, of sound mind and free from improper influence. Your Will Who may make a Will? The maker of a Will must be at least 18 years old, of sound mind and free from improper influence. How should a Will be Made? The Will should be written, witnessed and signed

More information

New York State Foster Parent s Guide to Adoption

New York State Foster Parent s Guide to Adoption New York State Foster Parent s Guide to Adoption January 2007 Introduction In New York State, many of the children in foster care who have a goal of adoption are adopted by their foster parent(s). As such,

More information

Frequently Asked Questions about Adoption in Tennessee

Frequently Asked Questions about Adoption in Tennessee Frequently Asked Questions about Adoption in Tennessee BIRTH MOTHER RELATED 1. When can the mother of the baby start the adoption process? A. Legal proceedings cannot begin until at least four (4) days

More information

INSTRUCTIONS FOR SETTLING A MINOR S CLAIM FOR PERSONAL INJURY

INSTRUCTIONS FOR SETTLING A MINOR S CLAIM FOR PERSONAL INJURY INSTRUCTIONS FOR SETTLING A MINOR S CLAIM FOR PERSONAL INJURY These instructions are intended as a guideline only and should not be relied upon as a comprehensive list of duties in a minor s settlement.

More information

Your Guide to Guardianships And Conservatorships in Georgia

Your Guide to Guardianships And Conservatorships in Georgia 2002 Summit Boulevard NE, Suite 300Atlanta, Georgia 30319 Phone: 404.410.6820 Fax:888.679.3040 Email:paul@pvblack.com Web: www.pvblack.com Your Guide to Guardianships And Conservatorships in Georgia Becoming

More information

How to Complete This Power of Attorney for Healthcare

How to Complete This Power of Attorney for Healthcare How to Complete This Power of Attorney for Healthcare Overview The attached Power of Attorney for Healthcare form is a legal document, developed to meet the legal requirements of Wisconsin. This document

More information

Health Care Proxy Appointing Your Health Care Agent in New York State

Health Care Proxy Appointing Your Health Care Agent in New York State Health Care Proxy Appointing Your Health Care Agent in New York State The New York Health Care Proxy Law allows you to appoint someone you trust for example, a family member or close friend to make health

More information

Md. FAMILY LAW Code Ann. 5-560 (2014) (a) In general. -- In this Part VI of this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.

Md. FAMILY LAW Code Ann. 5-560 (2014) (a) In general. -- In this Part VI of this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated. FAMILY LAW TITLE 5. CHILDREN SUBTITLE 5. CHILD CARE; FOSTER CARE PART VI. CRIMINAL BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS FOR EMPLOYEES OF FACILITIES AND OTHER INDIVIDUALS THAT CARE FOR OR SUPERVISE CHILDREN 5-560.

More information

PROBATE COURT OF CLERMONT COUNTY, OHIO JAMES A. SHRIVER, JUDGE APPLICATION FOR APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIAN OF ALLEGED INCOMPETENT [R.C. 2111.

PROBATE COURT OF CLERMONT COUNTY, OHIO JAMES A. SHRIVER, JUDGE APPLICATION FOR APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIAN OF ALLEGED INCOMPETENT [R.C. 2111. GUARDIANSHIP OF APPLICATION FOR APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIAN OF ALLEGED INCOMPETENT [R.C. 2111.03] Applicant represents to the Court that resides or has a legal settlement at in County, Ohio and that the prospective

More information

A guide to the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act

A guide to the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act A guide to the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act Introduction Mental capacity refers to our ability to make decisions for ourselves and act on them. Brain injury can impair this ability and when this

More information

Health Care Power of Attorney

Health Care Power of Attorney Health Care Power of Attorney You have the right to control the decisions about your medical care. To make these decisions, you must be competent and able to communicate. What happens if you are unable

More information

Guardianships: Wyoming Law Nuts and Bolts

Guardianships: Wyoming Law Nuts and Bolts Guardianships: Wyoming Law Nuts and Bolts Guardianship as a possible pathway to permanency for children in the custody of the Wyoming Department of Family Services Shawnna M. Herron Assistant Attorney

More information

Your Future, Your Health Power of Attorney for Health Care

Your Future, Your Health Power of Attorney for Health Care CFS 2032-2 12/2010 State of Illinois Department of Children and Family Services Your Future, Your Health Power of Attorney for Health Care As you transition toward independence, it is important for you

More information

TEXAS FAMILY CODE CHAPTER 32. CONSENT TO TREATMENT OF CHILD BY NON PARENT OR CHILD

TEXAS FAMILY CODE CHAPTER 32. CONSENT TO TREATMENT OF CHILD BY NON PARENT OR CHILD TEXAS FAMILY CODE CHAPTER 32. CONSENT TO TREATMENT OF CHILD BY NON PARENT OR CHILD SUBCHAPTER A. CONSENT TO MEDICAL, DENTAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND SURGICAL TREATMENT 32.001. Consent by Non-Parent (a) The

More information

FLORIDA GUARDIANSHIP: A RESOURCE FOR FAMILIES DEALING WITH ALZHEIMER S DISEASE

FLORIDA GUARDIANSHIP: A RESOURCE FOR FAMILIES DEALING WITH ALZHEIMER S DISEASE FLORIDA GUARDIANSHIP: A RESOURCE FOR FAMILIES DEALING WITH ALZHEIMER S DISEASE Presenters: Rebecca Berg, Esq. and Karen P. Campbell, Esq. * I. GUARDIANSHIP AND ALZHEIMER S DISEASE a. Alzheimer s Disease

More information

The person to whom you give this power is known as your "attorney-in-fact" or "agent." You are known as the "principal."

The person to whom you give this power is known as your attorney-in-fact or agent. You are known as the principal. Durable Power of Attorney for Finances Question & Answers State Bar of Michigan What is a power of attorney? You may, by written document, voluntarily choose another person to handle some or all your property

More information

When Your Child is Removed from Your Care

When Your Child is Removed from Your Care When Your Child is Removed from Your Care Guide for Parents Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services Department for Community Based Services Division of Protection and Permanency chfs.ky.gov My

More information

THE BASICS Adoption in New York State

THE BASICS Adoption in New York State THE BASICS Adoption in New York State This booklet has been put together to help you understand what adoption is. It will tell you who can be adopted. It will tell you who can adopt a child and how the

More information

REQUEST TO BE SELECTED AS PAYEE DISTRICT OFFICE CODE

REQUEST TO BE SELECTED AS PAYEE DISTRICT OFFICE CODE SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION TOE 250 Name or Bene. Sym. Program FOR SSA USE ONLY Date of Birth Type Gdn. Cus. Inst. Nam. Form Approved OMB No. 0960-0014 FOR SSA USE ONLY REQUEST TO BE SELECTED AS PAYEE

More information

Court-Ordered Mental Health Evaluation and Treatment in Arizona: Rights and Procedures

Court-Ordered Mental Health Evaluation and Treatment in Arizona: Rights and Procedures The Arizona State Hospital The Arizona State Hospital is the only long-term inpatient psychiatric facility in Arizona. Before ordering that you receive treatment at the Arizona State Hospital, the court

More information

A. Name: Home Telephone: Home Address: Work Telephone: Cellular Telephone: B. Name: Home Telephone: Home Address: Work Telephone: Cellular Telephone:

A. Name: Home Telephone: Home Address: Work Telephone: Cellular Telephone: B. Name: Home Telephone: Home Address: Work Telephone: Cellular Telephone: STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA COUNTY OF HEALTH CARE POWER OF ATTORNEY NOTE: YOU SHOULD USE THIS DOCUMENT TO NAME A PERSON AS YOUR HEALTH CARE AGENT IF YOU ARE COMFORTABLE GIVING THAT PERSON BROAD AND SWEEPING

More information

The Health Care Directives and Substitute Health Care Decision Makers Act

The Health Care Directives and Substitute Health Care Decision Makers Act HEALTH CARE DIRECTIVES AND SUBSTITUTE 1 The Health Care Directives and Substitute Health Care Decision Makers Act being Chapter H-0.001* of the Statutes of Saskatchewan, 1997 (effective September 1, 1997)

More information

NOTICE TO THE INDIVIDUAL SIGNING THE ILLINOIS STATUTORY SHORT FORM POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE

NOTICE TO THE INDIVIDUAL SIGNING THE ILLINOIS STATUTORY SHORT FORM POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE NOTICE TO THE INDIVIDUAL SIGNING THE ILLINOIS STATUTORY SHORT FORM POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE PLEASE READ THIS NOTICE CAREFULLY. The form that you will be signing is a legal document. It is governed

More information

Frequently Asked Questions about Adoption in Kentucky

Frequently Asked Questions about Adoption in Kentucky Frequently Asked Questions about Adoption in Kentucky BIRTH MOTHER RELATED 1. When can the mother of the baby start the adoption process? A. The birth mother can start the adoption process at any time

More information

INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY

INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY INFORMATION CONCERNING THE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY THIS IS AN IMPORTANT LEGAL DOCUMENT. BEFORE SIGNING THIS DOCUMENT, YOU SHOULD KNOW THESE IMPORTANT FACTS: Except to the extent you state otherwise,

More information

Guardianship of Mentally Ill Adults in Illinois: Statutory Guidelines and Practical Applications

Guardianship of Mentally Ill Adults in Illinois: Statutory Guidelines and Practical Applications Guardianship of Mentally Ill Adults in Illinois: Statutory Guidelines and Practical Applications Suzanne M. Cahalan, J.D. 909 South Wheaton Avenue Wheaton, IL 60189 630-690-7415 1 I. Guardianship A. process

More information

A Guide to Enduring Power of Guardianship in Western Australia

A Guide to Enduring Power of Guardianship in Western Australia A Guide to Enduring Power of Guardianship in Western Australia Preface This guide is produced by the Public Advocate, the independent statutory officer appointed by the Western Australian Government to

More information

Know your medical rights.

Know your medical rights. Know your medical rights. Everyone hopes to stay in good mental and physical health. Because of technological advances, medical treatment options are available that were unimaginable just a few years ago,

More information

Practice Direction 14C Reports by the Adoption Agency or Local Authority

Practice Direction 14C Reports by the Adoption Agency or Local Authority Practice Direction 14C Reports by the Adoption Agency or Local Authority This Practice Direction supplements FPR Part 14, rule 14.11(3) Matters to be contained in reports 1.1 The matters to be covered

More information

Planning Ahead DUNNING PLACE. Ministry of Justice and Attorney General

Planning Ahead DUNNING PLACE. Ministry of Justice and Attorney General Planning Ahead DUNNING PLACE Ministry of Justice and Attorney General Planning Ahead There are times in our lives when we may lose the ability to make decisions for ourselves. At those times, someone else

More information

Understanding Personal Directives

Understanding Personal Directives Understanding Personal Directives Table of Contents Introduction... 2 What is a personal directive?...2 Why is a personal directive necessary?...2 Is a personal directive as important as a Will?...2 Is

More information

What does Child support services do?

What does Child support services do? What does Child support services do? Child Support Services (CSS) acts as an economic advocate for children, ensuring that parents financially support their children. Our mission is to promote healthy

More information

Maryland s Health Care Decisions Act. Maryland MOLST Training Task Force February 2014

Maryland s Health Care Decisions Act. Maryland MOLST Training Task Force February 2014 Maryland s Health Care Decisions Act Maryland MOLST Training Task Force February 2014 Health Care Decisions Act The Health Care Decisions Act applies in all health care settings and in the community throughout

More information

Guardianship, Conservatorship, Powers of Attorney, Medical Advance Directives, and Representative Payeeship

Guardianship, Conservatorship, Powers of Attorney, Medical Advance Directives, and Representative Payeeship A Basic Guide to Understanding Guardianship, Conservatorship, Powers of Attorney, Medical Advance Directives, and Representative Payeeship Developed For Use by County Adult Protective Services Caseworkers

More information

Supports Coordination

Supports Coordination Supports Coordination Information from: A. Application for a 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Services Waiver (Consolidated) Appendix D, section 2a: Service Plan Implementation and Monitoring, p. 49-53

More information

A. Definitions. In addition to the Arizona Code of Judicial Administration (ACJA) 7-201(A), the following definitions apply:

A. Definitions. In addition to the Arizona Code of Judicial Administration (ACJA) 7-201(A), the following definitions apply: ARIZONA CODE OF JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION Part 7: Administrative Office of the Courts Chapter 2: Certification and Licensing Programs Section 7-202: Fiduciaries A. Definitions. In addition to the Arizona

More information

A GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING THE EMANCIPATION OF A MINOR

A GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING THE EMANCIPATION OF A MINOR A GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING THE EMANCIPATION OF A MINOR Traditionally, any person under the age of 18 who was married or entered military service was considered emancipated. An additional category consisted

More information

Department of Developmental Disabilities

Department of Developmental Disabilities MBR General DDDCD21 Funds Used for the ICF/MR Franchise Permit Fees R.C. 5112.37, 5112.31, 5112.371, R.C. 5112.37, 5112.31, 5112.371, R.C. 5112.37, 5112.31, 5112.371, R.C. 5112.37, 5112.31, 5112.371, 5112.39

More information

Advance Directives. Planning for Medical Care in the Event of Loss of Decision-Making Ability LONG TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM

Advance Directives. Planning for Medical Care in the Event of Loss of Decision-Making Ability LONG TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM Advance Directives Planning for Medical Care in the Event of Loss of Decision-Making Ability M I C H I G A N LONG TERM CARE OMBUDSMAN PROGRAM Bradley Geller Michigan Long Term Care Ombudsman Program Advance

More information

SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR HOME AND COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICES WAIVER PROVIDERS FOR PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES REGISTERED NURSE CLINICAL (RNC)

SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR HOME AND COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICES WAIVER PROVIDERS FOR PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES REGISTERED NURSE CLINICAL (RNC) SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR HOME AND COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICES WAIVER PROVIDERS FOR PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES REGISTERED NURSE CLINICAL (RNC) 1. PROVIDER is an entity or individual certified by

More information

RULES AND REGULATIONS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH DIVISION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES CHAPTER 1

RULES AND REGULATIONS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH DIVISION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES CHAPTER 1 RULES AND REGULATIONS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH DIVISION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES CHAPTER 1 Rules For Individually-selected Service Coordination Section 1. Authority. The Department of Health, through

More information

OFFICE OF THE STATE PUBLIC DEFENDER ATTORNEY S EDUCATION AND EXPERIENCE QUESTIONNAIRE

OFFICE OF THE STATE PUBLIC DEFENDER ATTORNEY S EDUCATION AND EXPERIENCE QUESTIONNAIRE OFFICE OF THE STATE PUBLIC DEFENDER ATTORNEY S EDUCATION AND EXPERIENCE QUESTIONNAIRE Name: First Middle Last Address: _ Business _ Home Business Phone: _ Other phone _ E-mail: Are you currently collecting

More information

Conservatorship. A Booklet for Lanterman Regional Center Families

Conservatorship. A Booklet for Lanterman Regional Center Families Conservatorship A Booklet for Lanterman Regional Center Families Table of Contents Introduction...1 How Conservatorship Works...2 Types of Conservatorships Recognized in California...2 Mental Health Conservatorship...2

More information

STATUTORY SHORT FORM POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR PROPERTY. Includes Amendments Required By Public Act 96-1195 Form Valid July 1, 2011

STATUTORY SHORT FORM POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR PROPERTY. Includes Amendments Required By Public Act 96-1195 Form Valid July 1, 2011 STATUTORY SHORT FORM POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR PROPERTY Includes Amendments Required By Public Act 96-1195 Form Valid July 1, 2011 NOTICE TO THE INDIVIDUAL SIGNING THE ILLINOIS STATUTORY SHORT FORM POWER OF

More information

LIST OF SUBSTITUTE DECISION MAKERS WHO MAY GIVE OR REFUSE CONSENT IN RESPECT TO HEALTH CARE MATTERS IF A PERSON IS NOT MENTALLY CAPABLE

LIST OF SUBSTITUTE DECISION MAKERS WHO MAY GIVE OR REFUSE CONSENT IN RESPECT TO HEALTH CARE MATTERS IF A PERSON IS NOT MENTALLY CAPABLE LIST OF SUBSTITUTE DECISION MAKERS WHO MAY GIVE OR REFUSE CONSENT IN RESPECT TO HEALTH CARE MATTERS IF A PERSON IS NOT MENTALLY CAPABLE Introduction By: Judith A. Wahl B.A., LL.B. Advocacy Centre for the

More information

What Is the Indian Child Welfare Act?

What Is the Indian Child Welfare Act? (CILS) Community Legal Education Self-Help Series Bishop Escondido Eureka Sacramento What Is the Indian Child Welfare Act? What s in this guide and how can it help me? This guide explains what the Indian

More information

Domestic Violence: Can the Legal System Help Protect Me?

Domestic Violence: Can the Legal System Help Protect Me? Domestic Violence: Can the Legal System Help Protect Me? What is domestic violence? Domestic violence is a pattern of physically and/or emotionally abusive behavior used to control another person with

More information

Application for a Parental Order Section 54 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008

Application for a Parental Order Section 54 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 C51 Application for a Parental Order Section 54 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 To be completed by the court Name of court Date received by the court Date issued Please complete this form using

More information

POWERS OF ATTORNEY FOR PERSONAL CARE

POWERS OF ATTORNEY FOR PERSONAL CARE LEGAL UPDATE Carters Professional Corporation / Société professionnelle Carters Barristers, Solicitors & Trade-mark Agents / Avocats et agents de marques de commerce JANUARY 2005 Editor: Terrance S. Carter

More information

GUARDIAN ADVOCATE INFORMATION. For Persons with a Developmental Disability

GUARDIAN ADVOCATE INFORMATION. For Persons with a Developmental Disability GUARDIAN ADVOCATE INFORMATION For Persons with a Developmental Disability What is a Guardian Advocate? Often a Guardian Advocate needs to be appointed when a person with a developmental disability turns

More information

FLORIDA Advance Directive Planning for Important Health Care Decisions

FLORIDA Advance Directive Planning for Important Health Care Decisions FLORIDA Advance Directive Planning for Important Health Care Decisions CaringInfo 1731 King St., Suite 100, Alexandria, VA 22314 www.caringinfo.org 800/658-8898 CaringInfo, a program of the National Hospice

More information

EMANCIPATION IN WI THE WHAT, WHEN & WHY OF EMANCIPATION IN WISCONSIN

EMANCIPATION IN WI THE WHAT, WHEN & WHY OF EMANCIPATION IN WISCONSIN EMANCIPATION IN WI Definition: In family law cases, emancipation of a minor (also called "divorce from parents") refers to a court process through which a minor can become legally recognized as an independent

More information

MD Code, Family Law, T. 5, Subt. 5, Pt. VI, Refs & Annos. MD Code, Family Law, 5-560. 5-560. Definitions. Effective: January 1, 2012

MD Code, Family Law, T. 5, Subt. 5, Pt. VI, Refs & Annos. MD Code, Family Law, 5-560. 5-560. Definitions. Effective: January 1, 2012 MD Code, Family Law, T. 5, Subt. 5, Pt. VI, Refs & Annos MD Code, Family Law, 5-560 5-560. Definitions Effective: January 1, 2012 In general (a) In this Part VI of this subtitle the following words have

More information

ENDURING POWER OF ATTORNEY ENDURING POWER OF ATTORNEY. ver: 2 1/06/02. Short Form

ENDURING POWER OF ATTORNEY ENDURING POWER OF ATTORNEY. ver: 2 1/06/02. Short Form Department of Justice and Attorney-General Form 2 Queensland Powers of Attorney Act 1998 (Section Form 2 44(1)) Queensland Powers of Attorney Act 1998 (Section 44(1)) ENDURING POWER OF ATTORNEY ENDURING

More information

Community Legal Information Association of Prince Edward Island, Inc. Adoption

Community Legal Information Association of Prince Edward Island, Inc. Adoption Community Legal Information Association of Prince Edward Island, Inc. Adoption In this pamphlet, we will explain some of the information about adoption and what you will experience if you choose or consider

More information

Tax Information and Legal Matters

Tax Information and Legal Matters Tax Information and Legal Matters This section covers tax information and legal matters that affect your benefits. Income Tax Withholding Under federal and California law, CalSTRS will withhold income

More information

NOTICE TO GRANDPARENT

NOTICE TO GRANDPARENT A Power of Atrney may be created if the parent, guardian, or cusdian of the child is any of the following: 1. Seriously ill, incarcerated, or about be incarcerated 2. Temporarily unable provide financial

More information

SURVIVOR BENEFITS APPLICATION JD-VS-8SB 10/12 SECTION 1 - VICTIM INFORMATION SECTION 2 - CLAIMANT INFORMATION

SURVIVOR BENEFITS APPLICATION JD-VS-8SB 10/12 SECTION 1 - VICTIM INFORMATION SECTION 2 - CLAIMANT INFORMATION SURVIVOR BENEFITS APPLICATION JD-VS-8SB 10/12 We understand that this is a very difficult time for you and your family. We are here to help. If you have any questions about filling out this application

More information

SUGGESTIONS & REQUIREMENTS For Medical Power of Attorney & Completing the Texas Will to Live Form

SUGGESTIONS & REQUIREMENTS For Medical Power of Attorney & Completing the Texas Will to Live Form SUGGESTIONS & REQUIREMENTS For Medical Power of Attorney & Completing the Texas Will to Live Form 1. This Medical Power of Attorney (also known as the Health Care Agent Designation Form) allows you to

More information

MEMORANDUM. Erin Leveton, Legislative and Policy Analyst State Office of Disability Administration, Department on Disability Services

MEMORANDUM. Erin Leveton, Legislative and Policy Analyst State Office of Disability Administration, Department on Disability Services MEMORANDUM To: Erin Leveton, Legislative and Policy Analyst State Office of Disability Administration, Department on Disability Services From: Morgan K. Whitlatch, Senior Attorney Quality Trust for Individuals

More information

AN ACT relating to temporary delegation of parental custody and care. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky:

AN ACT relating to temporary delegation of parental custody and care. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky: AN ACT relating to temporary delegation of parental custody and care. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky: SECTION 1. A NEW SECTION OF KRS CHAPTER 403 IS CREATED TO READ

More information

Court Appointed Attorney Application Ninth Judicial Circuit (Orange and Osceola Counties)

Court Appointed Attorney Application Ninth Judicial Circuit (Orange and Osceola Counties) Court Appointed Attorney Application Ninth Judicial Circuit (Orange and Osceola Counties) Florida law requires that the Chief Judge of the Circuit compile a list of attorneys in private practice, by county

More information