Prentice Hall. Biology - AP (Campbell, Reece), 8th Edition High School

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Prentice Hall. Biology - AP (Campbell, Reece), 8th Edition High School"

Transcription

1 Prentice Hall Biology - AP (Campbell, Reece), 8th Edition 2008 High School C O R R E L A T E D T O

2 Biology I Students should understand that scientific knowledge is gained from observation of natural phenomena and experimentation, by designing and conducting investigations guided by theory, and by evaluating and communicating the results of those investigations according to accepted procedures. Thus, scientific knowledge is scientists' best explanations for the data from many investigations. Further, ideas about objects in the microscopic world that we cannot directly sense are often understood in terms of concepts developed to understand objects in the macroscopic world that we can see and touch. In the science classroom student work should align with this process of science and should be guided by the following principles. These should be woven throughout the daily work that students are doing when learning the content presented in the standard indicators. * Develop explanations based on reproducible data and observations gathered during laboratory investigations. SE: 1.3, 2.1, 3.3, 5.4, 6.7, 7.1, 8.5, 9.4, , 11.4, 12.2, 13.3, 14.1, 15.1, 15.3, , 18.4, 19.1, 20.3, 21.6, 22.3, 23.4, 24.1, 25.5, 26.1, 27.1, 28.6, 29.2, 30.3, 31.5, 32.3, 33.4, 34.8, 35.1, 36.5, 37.3, 38.1, 39.2, 40.3, 41.5, 42.3, 42.7, 43.1, 44.1, 44.5, 45.1, 45.4, 46.2, , 48.4, 49.2, 50.3, 50.6, 51.2, 51.3, 52.2, 53.2, , , 56.2 SE: 20-22, 31, 55, 59, 86, 119, 128, 158, 187-8, 174, 191, 220, 235, 238, 240, 257, 264, 268, , 293, 306-7, 312, 322, 327, 372, 382, 412-3, 444, 460, 482, 489, 495, 497, 528, 539, 560, 593, 609, 632, 648, 658, 684, 732, 743, 753, 781-2, 797, 806, 825-6, 828, 836, 867, 895, 908, 926, 932, 958, 971, 978, 993, 1003, 1024, 1037, , 1043, 1061, 1073, 1098, 1116, 1127, , 1153, 1180, 1200, 1205, 1208, 1210, 1217, 1227, 1234, 1252 TE: 20-22, 31, 55, 59, 86, 119, 128, 158, 187-8, 174, 191, 220, 235, 238, 240, 257, 264, 268, , 293, 306-7, 312, 322, 327, 372, 382, 412-3, 444, 460, 482, 489, 495, 497, 528, 539, 560, 593, 609, 632, 648, 658, 684, 732, 743, 753, 781-2, 797, 806, 825-6, 828, 836, 867, 895, 908, 926, 932, 958, 971, 978, 993, 1003, 1024, 1037, , 1043, 1061, 1073, 1098, 1116, 1127, , 1153, 1180, 1200, 1205, 1208, 1210, 1217, 1227, 1234, 1252 TR: TP: ALL LABS (pp ); WB: ALL CASES TECH: I-DVD/S-CD: 1, 15, 20, 54 1

3 * Recognize that their explanations must be based both on their data and other known information from investigations of others. * Clearly communicate their ideas and results of investigations verbally and in written form using tables, graphs, diagrams, and photographs. SE: 1.3, 3-R, 15.1, 15.3, , 20.1, 20.3, 21.6, 24.1, 26.1, 34.8, 35.4, 37.3, 39.2, 51.3, 52.2, 54.2 SE: 1.3, 7R, 20R, 23R, 26R, 27R, 31R, 34R, 50R SE: 20-22, , 293, 306, 312, 399, 413, 444, 489, 539, 732-3, 753, 797, 825, 1131, 1153, 1205, 1210 TE: 20-22, , 293, 306, 312, 399, 413, 444, 489, 539, 732-3, 753, 797, 825, 1131, 1153, 1205, 1210 TR: WB xii-xv TECH: I-DVD/S-CD: 1 SE: 22-3, 141, 425, 486, 555, 574, 653, 735, 1119 TE: 22-3, 141, 425, 486, 555, 574, 653, 735, 1119 TR: TP 323-5, ; WB 31-47, 49-67, , , TECH: I-DVD/S-CD:1 * Regularly evaluate the work of their peers and in turn have their work evaluated by their peers. * Apply standard techniques in laboratory investigations to measure physical quantities in appropriate units and convert known quantities to other units as necessary. * Use analogies and models (mathematical and physical) to simplify and represent systems that are difficult to understand or directly experience due to their size, time scale, or complexity, and recognize the limitations of analogies and models. * Focus on the development of explanatory models based on their observations during laboratory investigations. SE: 1.3 SE: 22-3 TE: 22-3 TR: TP 16, 355; WB ALL CASES TECH: I-DVD/S-CD:1 SE: All chapters TR: TP: ALL LABS (pp ); WB: ALL CASES TECH: I-DVD/S-CD:ALL SE: 1.3, 4.1, 7.1, 14.2, 25.1, 50.6, SE: 23, 126, , 1114, TE: 23, 126, , 1114, TR: TP: ALL LABS (pp ); WB: ALL CASES TECH: I-DVD/S-CD:ALL SE: 1.3, 14.1, 15.1, 25.1 SE: 1.3, 265-6, 288-9, TE: 1.3, 265-6, 288-9, TR: TP: ALL LABS (pp ); WB: ALL CASES TECH: I-DVD/S-CD: 1, 15, 20, 54 2

4 * Explain that the body of scientific knowledge is organized into major theories, which are derived from and supported by the results of many experiments, and allow us to make testable predictions. * Recognize that new scientific discoveries often lead to a re-evaluation of previously accepted scientific knowledge and of commonly held ideas. SE: 1.3, 22.1 SE: 23-4, 453-9, TE: 23-4, 453-9, TR: WB 1-16, 69-82, TECH: TB Ch.1; I-DVD/S-CD:1, 16, 53 SE: 1.2-3, 14.1, 16.1, 22.1 SE: 20-4, 262-3, , 452-5, TE: 20-4, 262-3, , 452-5, TR: WB 1-16, 69-82, TECH: TB Ch.1, 16, 22 * Describe how scientific discoveries lead to the development of new technologies, and conversely how technological advances can lead to scientific discoveries through new experimental methods and equipment. * Explain how scientific knowledge can be used to guide decisions on environmental and social issues. SE: 1.1, 6.1, 16.1, , , 22.1, 31.5, 38.3, 46.6, 49.5, 54.2 SE: 1.3, 3.3, 20.4, 27.6, 31.5, 37.2, 38.3, 46.6, 52.1, 52.2, 53.6, 54.2, 55.5, SE: 9-10, 95-7, 309, , , 452-4, 651-2, 815-9, 1018, 1083, 1205 TE: 9-10, 95-7, 309, , , 452-4, 651-2, 815-9, 1018, 1083, 1205 TR: WB , TECH: I-DVD/S-CD:1, 20, 49 SE: 24, , 571-3, 650-2, 792, 816-9, , 1159, , 1210, , TE: 24, , 571-3, 650-2, 792, 816-9, , 1159, , 1210, , TR: WB , TECH: I-DVD/S-CD:1, 20, 49 Standard 1: Cellular Chemistry Core Standard - Describe the basic molecular structure and function of the four major categories of organic compounds (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids) essential to cellular function. Core Standard - Describe how work done in cells is performed by a variety of organic molecules, especially proteins, whose functions depend on the sequence of their monomers and the consequent shape of the molecule. B.1.1 Describe the structure of the major categories of organic compounds which make up living organisms in terms of their building blocks and the small number of chemical elements (carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, and sulfur) from which they are composed. SE: 1.1, 4.1, 5.1-5, 9.1-3, 37.2, 41.1, 45.1 SE: 63-6, 68-89, , , , TE: 63-6, 68-89, , , , TR: WB ALL CASES; TECH: TB Ch.1, 22; I-DVD/S-CD:16, 22 3

5 B.1.2 Understand that the shape of a molecule determines its role in the many different types of cellular processes including metabolism, homeostasis, growth and development, and heredity, and understand that the majority of these processes involve proteins that act as enzymes. B.1.3 Explain and give examples of how the function and differentiation of cells is influenced by their external environment, including temperature, acidity and the concentration of certain molecules, and that changes in these conditions may affect how a cell functions. SE: 1.1, 4.1, 5.1-5, 7.1, 8.4-5, 10.2, 11.2, 12.3, 16.1, 17.4, 21.2, , 45.1, 50.5 SE: 1.1, 3.3, 7.2-5, 8.5, , 12.3, 14.3, , 35.5, , , , 49.1, , 50.5 SE: 41-2, 61-6, 69-86, , , 193-8, 210-4, , , 337-9, 342-4, 431-2, 880-8, 978-9, TE: 41-2, 61-6, 69-86, , , 193-8, 210-4, , , 337-9, 342-4, 431-2, 880-8, 978-9, TR: TP: 54-57; WB TECH: TB Ch.7-9; I-DVD/S-CD:7, 8, 9 SE: 7, 52-4, 131-9, 157-9, , , 274-5, , , , 976, 980-1, , , 1067, , 1108 TE: 7, 52-4, 131-9, 157-9, , , 274-5, , , , 976, 980-1, , , 1067, , 1108 TR: TP 57-60, 252, 266; WB TECH: TB Ch.39, 45, 49; I-DVD/S-CD:39, 40, 45, 49 Standard 2: Cellular Structure Core Standard - Describe features that are common to all cells and contrast those with distinctive features that allow cells to carry out specific functions. B.2.1 Describe features common to all cells that are essential for growth and survival, and explain their functions. SE: 1.1, 6.2, , 12.1, 17.1, , 27.1, 28.1, 48.1 SE: , , , 325-6, , , 575-7, TE: , , , 325-6, , , 575-7, TR: TP 43 TECH: TB Ch.1, 6; I-DVD/S-CD:1, 6, 27 B.2.2 Describe the structure of a cell membrane and explain how it regulates the transport of materials into and out of the cell and prevents harmful materials from entering the cell. SE: 1.1, 6.2, 7.1-5, 11.2, 27.1, 36.2, 39.1, 41.3, 44.1, SE: 98-9, , 210-4, 556-8, , 821-4, 889, 958, TE: 98-9, , 210-4, 556-8, , 821-4, 889, 958, TR: TP: TECH: TB Ch.7; I-DVD/S-CD: 7 4

6 B.2.3 Explain that most cells contain mitochondria, the key sites of cellular respiration, where stored chemical energy is converted into useable energy for the cell and some cells, including many plant cells, contain chloroplasts, the key sites of photosynthesis, where the energy of light is captured for use in chemical work. B.2.4 Explain that all cells contain ribosomes, the key sites for protein synthesis, where genetic material is decoded in order to form unique proteins. SE: 1.1, 6.5, 8.1, 8.5, 9.1, 10.1, 10.2, 39.3, 50.5 SE: , 162-4, 186-9, , 123, 161, 143-4, 163-7, 196-7, 836-7, 1111 TE: , 162-4, 186-9, , 123, 161, 143-4, 163-7, 196-7, 836-7, 1111 TR: TP 43-8, 53-7, TECH: TB Ch.8-10; I-DVD/S-CD: 9, 10 SE: 1.1, 6.3, 17.4, 27.1 SE: 102-4, , 539 TE: 102-4, , 539 TR: TP 43-8, TECH: TB Ch.6; I-DVD/S-CD: 6 B.2.5 Explain that cells use proteins to form structures, including cilia, flagella, which allow them to carry out specific functions, including movement, adhesion, and absorption. B.2.6 Investigate a variety of different cell types and relate the proportion of different organelles within these cells to their functions. SE: 1.1, 6.6, 27.1, 31.1, 35.5, , 47.1, 50.5 SE: 1.1, 9.5, 10.4, *(viruses are not cells), 27.1, 35.1, 35.5, 40.1, 42.4, , 44.1, , , 48.1, 48.4, 49.1, 50.1, SE: 112-8, 558, 636-7, 756-7, , 1022, TE: 112-8, 558, 636-7, 756-7, , 1022, TR: TP 43-7, 242 TECH: TB Ch.6; I-DVD/S-CD: 6 SE: 100-1, 179, 185, 200-2, , , 736-7, 850-1, , 743-5, 756-7, 911-3, , , 949, 964, 967, , 1048, , , , , TE: 100-1, 179, 185, 200-2, , , 736-7, 850-1, , 743-5, 756-7, 911-3, , , 949, 964, 967, , 1048, , , , , TR: TP: TECH: I-DVD/S-CD: 1, 6 5

7 Standard 3: Matter Cycles and Energy Transfer Core Standard - Describe how the sun s energy is captured and used to construct sugar molecules which can be used as a form of energy or serve as building blocks of organic molecules. Core Standard - Diagram how matter and energy cycle through an ecosystem. B.3.1 Describe how some organisms capture the sun s energy through the process of photosynthesis by converting carbon dioxide and water into high energy compounds and releasing oxygen. B.3.2 Describe how most organisms can combine and recombine the elements contained in sugar molecules into a variety of biologically essential compounds by utilizing the energy from cellular respiration. B.3.3 Recognize and describe that metabolism consists of all of the biochemical reactions that occur inside cells, including the production, modification, transport, and exchange of materials that are required for the maintenance of life. SE: 1.1, 6.5, , 36.1, 55.1 SE: 6, , , 764-5, TE: 6, , , 764-5, TR: TP 43-8, 53-7, 75-96, 301 TECH: TB Ch.1, 8-10, 55; I-DVD/S-CD: 1, 9, 10 SE: 1.1, 6.5, 9.1-6, 40.4 SE: 6-7, 109, , TE: 6-7, 109, , TR: TP 43-8, 53-7, 75-96, 301 TECH: TB Ch.1, 8-10, 55; I-DVD/S-CD: 1, 9, 10 SE: 1.1, 8.1-3, 9.6, 27.3, 40.4, 42.7, 44.2 SE: 6-7, , 180-2, 564-5, , 923-7, TE: 6-7, , 180-2, 564-5, , 923-7, TR: TP 43-8, 53-7, 75-96, TECH: TB Ch.1, 8-10, 55; I-DVD/S-CD: 1, 9, 10 B.3.4 Describe how matter cycles through an ecosystem by way of food chains and food webs and how organisms convert that matter into a variety of organic molecules to be used in part in their own cellular structures. B.3.5 Describe how energy from the sun flows through an ecosystem by way of food chains and food webs and only a small portion of that energy is used by individual organisms while the majority of energy is lost as heat. SE: 1.1, 9.5, 31.1, 54.2, 55.1, 55.4 SE: 6-7, 177-9, 636-7, , , TE: 6-7, 177-9, 636-7, , , TR: TP TECH: TB Ch. 54, 56; I-DVD/S-CD: 55, 56 SE: 1.1, 10.1, 54.2, SE: 6-7, 186-9, , , TE: 6-7, 186-9, , , TR: TP 81, TECH: TB Ch. 1, 54, 56; I-DVD/S-CD: 1, 55, 56 6

8 Standard 4: Interdependence Core Standard - Describe the relationship between living and nonliving components of ecosystems and describe how that relationship is in flux due to natural changes and human actions. B.4.1 Explain that the amount of life an environment can support is limited by the available energy, water, oxygen, and minerals, and by the ability of ecosystems to recycle the remains of dead organisms. SE: 1.1, 27.5, 28.7, 29.3, 31.5, 37.-3, 42.5, 44.1, 954-7, 52.2, , 54.2, SE: 6-7, 570-1, 596-7, 615, , , 917, , , , TE: 6-7, 570-1, 596-7, 615, , , 917, , , , TR: TP , ; WB TECH: TB Ch ; I-DVD/S-CD: B.4.2 Describe how human activities and natural phenomena can change the flow and of matter and energy in an ecosystem and how those changes impact other species. SE: 3.3, 10R, 30.4, 37.1, 52.2, 53.6, 54.3, , 56.1 SE: 54-5, 205, 632-4, 787-9, 1150, 1159, , 1214, , TE: 54-5, 205, 632-4, 787-9, 1150, 1159, , 1214, , TR: TP 304; WB , TECH: TB Ch ; I-DVD/S-CD: 55, 56 B.4.3 Describe the consequences of introducing non-native species into an ecosystem and identify the impact it may have on that ecosystem. SE: 37.3, 56.1 SE: 797, TE: 797, TR: TP 304; WB , TECH: TB Ch. 37, 56; I-DVD/S-CD: 37, 56 B.4.4 Describe how climate, the pattern of matter and energy flow, the birth and death of new organisms, and the interaction between those organisms contribute to the long term stability of an ecosystem. SE:10.4, 27.5, 28.7, 31.5, 53.1, , SE: 202-3, 570-1, 596-7, , , , TE: 202-3, 570-1, 596-7, , , , TR: TP , ; WB TECH: TB Ch. 53, 54, 56; I-DVD/S-CD: 53, 54,56 7

9 Standard 5: Molecular Basis of Heredity Core Standard - Describe the basic structure of DNA and how this structure enables DNA to function as the hereditary molecule that directs the production of RNA and proteins. Core Standard - Understand that proteins largely determine the traits of an organism. SE: 1.1, 5.4, 21.2, 43.2 SE: 77-8, 431-2, TE: 77-8, 431-2, TR: TP: 34-6, 54-57; WB TECH: TB Ch.15-17; I-DVD/S-CD: 15, 16, 17 B.5.1 Describe the relationship between chromosomes and DNA along with their basic structure and function. SE: 1.1, 12.1, 15.1, 16.1, 27.2 SE: , 286-9, , TE: , 286-9, , TR: TP ; WB , TECH: TB Ch.15-17; I-DVD/S-CD: 15, 16, 17 B.5.2 Describe how hereditary information passed from parents to offspring is encoded in regions of DNA molecules called genes. SE: 1.1, 5.5, 12.1, 13.1, 14.1, , 16.1, 17.1, , , 25.5, 26.4, 27.2, 32.1, 33.4, 37.2, 41.5, 43.2, 49.5, 51.3 SE: 8-9, 86-7, , 249, 263-4, , 305-6, 325-6, , , 525-8, 548-9, 561-4, 655, 684, 792, 895, 938, , TE: 8-9, 86-7, , 249, 263-4, , 305-6, 325-6, , , 525-8, 548-9, 561-4, 655, 684, 792, 895, 938, , TR: TP ; WB , TECH: TB Ch.15-17; I-DVD/S-CD: 15, 16, 17 B.5.3 Describe the process by which DNA directs the production of protein within a cell. B.5.4 Explain how the unique shape and activity of each protein is determined by the sequence of its amino acids. SE: 1.1, , 19.2, 38.1 SE: 8-9, , , TE: 8-9, , , TR: TP ; WB , TECH: TB Ch.16-17; I-DVD/S-CD: 16, 17 SE: 1.1, 5.4, 17.4, 42.3, 42.7, 43.2 SE: 80-6, 342-4, 908, 924, TE: 80-6, 342-4, 908, 924, TR: TP: 34-6, 54-57; WB TECH: TB Ch.15-17; I-DVD/S-CD: 15, 16, 17 8

10 B.5.5 Understand that proteins are responsible for the observable traits of an organism and for most of the functions within an organism. SE: 1.1, 5.4, 21.2 SE: 80-6, TE: 80-6, TR: TP: 34-6, 54-57; WB TECH: TB Ch.5, 21; I-DVD/S-CD: 5, 21 B.5.6 Recognize that traits can be structural, physiological or behavioral and can include readily observable characteristics at the organismal level or less recognizable features at the molecular and cellular level. SE: 1.1, 5.4, 14.3, 15.4, , 24.1, SE: 84, 275, 297-9, , 487, 938, 947 TE: 84, 275, 297-9, , 487, 938, 947 TR: TP 104-7, TECH: TB Ch ; I-DVD/S-CD: Standard 6: Cellular Reproduction Core Standard - Explain the processes, both mitosis and meiosis, by which new cells are formed from existing cells and how in multicellular organisms, groups of cells cooperate to perform essential functions within an organism. Core Standard - Explain the cellular processes that occur to generate natural genetic variations between parents and offspring. B.6.1 Describe the process of mitosis and explain that this process ordinarily results in daughter cells with a genetic make-up identical to the parent cells. SE: 1.1, SE: 7-9, TE: 7-9, TR: TP TECH: TB Ch.13; I-DVD/S-CD:12, 13 B.6.2 Understand that most cells of a multicellular organism contain the same genes, but develop from a single cell (e.g., a fertilized egg) in different ways due to differential gene expression. B.6.3 Explain that in multicellular organisms the zygote produced during fertilization undergoes a series of cell divisions that lead to clusters of cells that go on to specialize and become the organism s tissues and organs. SE: 1.1, 18.4, 21.6, 25.5, 32.1, 35.5, 38.1, 39.2, 46.6, SE: 1.1, 13.2, 18.4, 20.3, 25.5, , 32.1, 35.5, 38.1, 39.2, 46.1, 46.6, SE: 6-9, , 445-7, 525-8, 655, , 807-9, , , TE: 6-9, , 445-7, 525-8, 655, , 807-9, , , TR: TP 130 TECH: TB Ch. 18; I-DVD/S-CD:18, 32 SE: 6-9, 250-1, , 412-6, 525-8, 621-8, 655, , , , 997-8, , TE: 6-9, 250-1, , 412-6, 525-8, 621-8, 655, , , , 997-8, , TR: TP 130, 235, 239, 242, 248, 252, 256, TECH: TB Ch. 18; I-DVD/S-CD:18, 30, 32,40 9

11 B.6.4 Describe and model the process of meiosis and explain the relationship between the genetic make-up of the parent cell and the daughter cells (gametes). B.6.5 Explain how, in sexual reproduction, crossing over, independent assortment, and random fertilization, result in offspring that are genetically different from the parents. SE: , , 31.2, 38.1, 46.4 SE: , 623-8, , 802-6, TE: , 623-8, , 802-6, TR: TP TECH: TB Ch.13; I-DVD/S-CD: 13 SE: 13.4, 23.1, 38.2, 47.1 SE: , , 812, 1022 TE: , , 812, 1022 TR: TP TECH: TB Ch.13, 47; I-DVD/S-CD: 13, 47 Standard 7: Genetics Core Standard - Explain how the genetic information from parents determines the unique characteristics of their offspring. B.7.1 Distinguish between dominant and recessive alleles and determine the phenotype that would result from the different possible combinations of alleles in an offspring. SE: SE: TE: TR: TP 107, 113 TECH: TB Ch. 14; I-DVD/S-CD: 14 B.7.2 Describe dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked, incompletely dominant, multiply allelic, and polygenic traits and illustrate their inheritance patterns over multiple generations. B.7.3 Determine the likelihood of the appearance of a specific trait in an offspring given the genetic make-up of the parents. SE: 14.4 SE: TE: TR: TP , TECH: TB Ch.14; I-DVD/S-CD:13, 14 SE: SE: TE: TR: TP , TECH: TB Ch.14; I-DVD/S-CD:13, 14 B.7.4 Explain the process by which a cell copies its DNA and identify factors that can damage DNA and cause changes in its nucleotide sequence. SE: 16.2 SE: TE: TR: TP TECH: TB Ch. 5, 16; I-DVD/S-CD: 5, 16 10

12 B.7.5 Explain and demonstrate how inserting, substituting or deleting segments of a DNA molecule can alter a gene, which is then passed to every cell that develops from it and that the results may be beneficial, harmful or have little or no effect on the organism. SE: 17.5, , 26.4, 26.6, 27.2, 37.2 SE: 344-6, , 548-9, 551-3, 561-4, 792 TE: 344-6, , 548-9, 551-3, 561-4, 792 TR: TP ; WB , TECH: TB Ch.15-17; I-DVD/S-CD: 15, 16, 17 Standard 8: Evolution Core Standard - Describe how biochemical, fossil, anatomical, developmental, and genetic findings are used to determine relationships among organisms, producing modern classification systems. Core Standard - Describe how modern evolutionary theory provides an explanation of the history of life on earth and the similarities between organisms that exist today. B.8.1 Explain how anatomical and molecular similarities among organisms suggests that life on earth began as simple, one-celled organisms about 4 billion years ago and multicellular organisms evolved later. SE: 1.2, 17.6, , 26.6, 27.4, 28.1, SE: 14-17, 346-7, , 551-2, , 575-7, TE: 14-17, 346-7, , 551-2, , 575-7, TR: TP 153-4, ; WB 69-82, TECH: TB Ch.25-8; I-DVD/S-CD:25-8 B.8.2 Explain how organisms are classified and named based on their evolutionary relationships into taxonomic categories. B.8.3 Use anatomical and molecular evidence to establish evolutionary relationships between organisms. B.8.4 Understand that molecular evidence supports the anatomical evidence for these evolutionary relationships and provides additional information about the order in which different lines of descent branched. SE: 1.2, 24.1, , 27.4, , , 30.2, , 32.4, , SE: 1.2, 21.6, , , 27.1, 28.1, 29.1, , , 32.4, 33.4, SE: 1.2, 22.3, 25.6, , 27.1, 28.1, 29.1, , 31.4, 32.4, 33.4, , SE: 12-14, , , , , , 621-5, 640-7, 661-4, , , TR: TP ; WB TECH: TB Ch. 24, 26-8, 32; I-DVD/S-CD: 24, 26-8, 32 SE: 14-7, 442-7, , 542-9, 575-7, 600-6, , 640-7, 661-4, 684, , TE: TR: TP 153-4, 162; WB 49-67, 69-82, TECH: TB Ch.21-22; I-DVD/S-CD: 21, 22 SE: 14-7, 460-6, , 542-9, 575-7, , 601-6, 641-7, 661-4, 684, , TR: TP 153-4, 162; WB 69-82, TECH: TB Ch.21-22, 26; I-DVD/S-CD:21, 22, 23 11

13 B.8.5 Describe how due to genetic variations, environmental forces, and reproductive pressures, organisms with beneficial traits are more likely to survive, reproduce, and pass on their genetic information. SE: 1.2, 22.2, , , 29.1, , 37.2, , SE: 14-7, 455-9, , , 600-6, 792, TE: 14-7, 455-9, , , 600-6, 792, TR: TP , 275-7; WB TECH: TB Ch. 22-4, 51; I-DVD/S-CD: 22-4, 51 B.8.6 Explain how genetic variation within a population (a species) can be attributed to mutations as well as a random assortment of existing genes. SE: 21.6, , , 26.4, 51.3, SE: 442-6, , , 548-9, TE: 442-6, , , 548-9, TR: TP , 275-7; WB TECH: TB Ch. 23-4, 51; I-DVD/S-CD: 23-4, 51 B.8.7 Describe the modern scientific theory of the origins and history of life on earth, and evaluate the evidence that supports it. SE: 1.2, , , , 32.4, SE: 14-7, , , , 661-4, TE: 14-7, , , , 661-4, TR: TP 153-4, 162; WB 69-82, TECH: TB Ch.21-22, 25-6; I-DVD/S-CD:21, 22, 23 12

Keystone Biology Exam Information: Module A: Cell and Cell Processes

Keystone Biology Exam Information: Module A: Cell and Cell Processes Keystone Biology Exam Information: Module A: Cell and Cell Processes Basic Biological Principles- Day 1 Describe the characteristics of life shared by prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Compare cellular

More information

MCAS Biology. Review Packet

MCAS Biology. Review Packet MCAS Biology Review Packet 1 Name Class Date 1. Define organic. THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE 2. All living things are made up of 6 essential elements: SPONCH. Name the six elements of life. S N P C O H 3. Elements

More information

Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes

Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes This unit is an introduction to the scientific process. This unit consists of a laboratory exercise where students go through the QPOE2 process step by step

More information

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 11 th Edition, 2015 Marieb

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 11 th Edition, 2015 Marieb A Correlation of Essentials of Human Anatomy Marieb To the Next Generation Science Standards Life A Correlation of, HS-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes HS-LS1-1. Construct an explanation

More information

A Correlation of Pearson Miller & Levine Biology 2014 To the Utah Core State Standards for Biology Grades 9-12

A Correlation of Pearson Miller & Levine Biology 2014 To the Utah Core State Standards for Biology Grades 9-12 A Correlation of Pearson To the Utah Core State Standards Resource Title: Publisher: Pearson Education publishing as Prentice Hall ISBN (10 or 13 digit unique identifier is required): SE: 9780133242003

More information

Common Course Topics Biology 1406: Cell and Molecular Biology

Common Course Topics Biology 1406: Cell and Molecular Biology Common Course Topics Biology 1406: Cell and Molecular Biology 1. Introduction to biology --the scientific study of organisms --properties of life --assumptions, methods and limitations of science --underlying

More information

AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic

AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic Background The Essential Knowledge statements provided in the AP Biology Curriculum Framework are scientific claims describing phenomenon occurring in

More information

A CONTENT STANDARD IS NOT MET UNLESS APPLICABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE ARE ALSO ADDRESSED AT THE SAME TIME.

A CONTENT STANDARD IS NOT MET UNLESS APPLICABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE ARE ALSO ADDRESSED AT THE SAME TIME. Biology Curriculum The Georgia Performance Standards are designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills for proficiency in science. The Project 2061 s Benchmarks for Science Literacy is used

More information

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth.

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67 For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 3.5 to 2 billion years ago Prokaryotes thrive in many different environments.

More information

Unit 1 - Fundamental Biology Skills and Knowledge

Unit 1 - Fundamental Biology Skills and Knowledge PREP TM AP* Biology Prep Course Syllabus Foundational Topics Review 10 units that cover fundamental biology topics typically covered in a general biology course. This content is perfect to use as a summer

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13 1 Ojectives Distinguish between the following terms: somatic cell and gamete; autosome and sex chromosomes; haploid and diploid. List the phases of meiosis I and

More information

Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1

Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1 Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1 1. Removing part of gland D would most likely result in A. a decrease in the secretions of other glands B. a decrease in the blood calcium level C. an increase in

More information

Given these characteristics of life, which of the following objects is considered a living organism? W. X. Y. Z.

Given these characteristics of life, which of the following objects is considered a living organism? W. X. Y. Z. Cell Structure and Organization 1. All living things must possess certain characteristics. They are all composed of one or more cells. They can grow, reproduce, and pass their genes on to their offspring.

More information

12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity

12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity 12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity Only in the last 50 years have scientists understood the role of DNA in heredity. That understanding began with the discovery of DNA s structure. In 1952, Rosalind Franklin

More information

CPO Science and the NGSS

CPO Science and the NGSS CPO Science and the NGSS It is no coincidence that the performance expectations in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are all action-based. The NGSS champion the idea that science content cannot

More information

1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category?

1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category? DNA and Genetics 1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category? A. genome chromosome gene DNA molecule B. genome chromosome DNA

More information

XII. Biology, Grade 10

XII. Biology, Grade 10 XII. Biology, Grade 10 Grade 10 Biology Pilot Test The spring 2004 Grade 10 MCAS Biology Test was based on learning standards in the Biology content strand of the Massachusetts Science and Technology/Engineering

More information

Regents Biology REGENTS REVIEW: PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

Regents Biology REGENTS REVIEW: PROTEIN SYNTHESIS Period Date REGENTS REVIEW: PROTEIN SYNTHESIS 1. The diagram at the right represents a portion of a type of organic molecule present in the cells of organisms. What will most likely happen if there is

More information

Cells (ScienceGHSGT1) 1. Which part of the cell provides energy through the process of cellular respiration?

Cells (ScienceGHSGT1) 1. Which part of the cell provides energy through the process of cellular respiration? Name: Date: 1. Which part of the cell provides energy through the process of cellular respiration? A. cell wall B. cytoplasm C. mitochondrion D. cell membrane 2. All cells must have a A. cell membrane.

More information

This is JEOPARDY!!!! 7 TH Grade Life Science

This is JEOPARDY!!!! 7 TH Grade Life Science This is JEOPARDY!!!! 7 TH Grade Life Science Blind Me with Science Questions about the Nature of Science They Might Be Giant Cells Questions about Cells, Molecules, and Atoms Head, Shoulders, Knees and

More information

High School Science Course Correlations between Ohio s 2010 Course Syllabi and the First Draft of the High School NGSS

High School Science Course Correlations between Ohio s 2010 Course Syllabi and the First Draft of the High School NGSS High School Science Course Correlations between Ohio s 2010 Course Syllabi and the First Draft of the High School NGSS This document correlates the content in Ohio s course syllabi with the performance

More information

Mississippi SATP Biology I Student Review Guide

Mississippi SATP Biology I Student Review Guide Mississippi Student Review Guide Author: Cecilia L. Boles Published by Enrichment Plus, LLC PO Box 2755 Acworth, GA 30102 Toll Free: 1-800-745-4706 Fax 678-445-6702 Web site: www.enrichmentplus.com Mississippi

More information

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - An individual s characteristics are determines by factors that are passed from one parental generation to the next. - During gamete formation, the alleles for

More information

Essential Vocabulary for Biology STAAR

Essential Vocabulary for Biology STAAR Essential Vocabulary for Biology STAAR 1. Science 2. Hypothesis 3. Theory Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predictions of natural phenomena, as well as the knowledge generated through

More information

Syllabus. Introduction to Biology, BSC 104, Sections 107 and 108 Title/Number Semester/Year Fall 2014 Days/Time

Syllabus. Introduction to Biology, BSC 104, Sections 107 and 108 Title/Number Semester/Year Fall 2014 Days/Time Syllabus Course Introduction to Biology, BSC 104, Sections 107 and 108 Title/Number Semester/Year Fall 2014 Days/Time Both Sections 107 and 108 meet together for lecture Tuesday and Thursday, 9:30-10:45

More information

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 1. Which statement best describes one of the events taking place in the chemical reaction? A. Energy is being stored as a result of aerobic respiration. B. Fermentation

More information

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ADOPTION Score Sheet I. Generic Evaluation Criteria II. Instructional Content Analysis III. Specific Science Criteria

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ADOPTION Score Sheet I. Generic Evaluation Criteria II. Instructional Content Analysis III. Specific Science Criteria GRADE: 9-12 VENDOR: Prentice Hall COURSE: Advanced Biology TITLE: Biology (Miller/Levine) COPYRIGHT DATE: 2006 SE ISBN: 0-13-166255-4 (SE) TE ISBN: 0-13-166288-0 (TE) INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ADOPTION Score

More information

Grade Stand Sub-Strand Standard Benchmark GRADE 6

Grade Stand Sub-Strand Standard Benchmark GRADE 6 Grade Stand Sub-Strand Standard Benchmark OF OF OF A. Scientific World View B. Scientific Inquiry C. Scientific Enterprise understand that science is a way of knowing about the world that is characterized

More information

Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes. 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes. 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? a. Ability to store hereditary information b. Use of organelles to control

More information

Respiration occurs in the mitochondria in cells.

Respiration occurs in the mitochondria in cells. B3 Question Which process occurs in the mitochondria in cells? Why do the liver and muscle cells have large number of mitochondria? What is the function of the ribosomes? Answer Respiration occurs in the

More information

A Correlation of Miller & Levine Biology 2014

A Correlation of Miller & Levine Biology 2014 A Correlation of Miller & Levine Biology To Ohio s New Learning Standards for Science, 2011 Biology, High School Science Inquiry and Application Course Content A Correlation of, to Introduction This document

More information

Biology 160 Lab Module 10 Meiosis Activity & Mendelian Genetics

Biology 160 Lab Module 10 Meiosis Activity & Mendelian Genetics Name Biology 160 Lab Module 10 Meiosis Activity & Mendelian Genetics Introduction During your lifetime you have grown from a single celled zygote into an organism made up of trillions of cells. The vast

More information

Cell Division. Use Target Reading Skills. This section explains how cells grow and divide.

Cell Division. Use Target Reading Skills. This section explains how cells grow and divide. Cell Processes and Energy Name Date Class Cell Processes and Energy Guided Reading and Study Cell Division This section explains how cells grow and divide. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, make a

More information

STRANDS BENCHMARKS GRADE-LEVEL EXPECTATIONS. Biology EOC Assessment Guide

STRANDS BENCHMARKS GRADE-LEVEL EXPECTATIONS. Biology EOC Assessment Guide Biology EOC Assessment Guide The Biology End-of-Course test (EOC) continues to assess Biology grade-level expectations (GLEs). The design of the test remains the same as in previous administrations. The

More information

The Nature of Biology

The Nature of Biology The Nature of Science Science is an ongoing, human, cultural activity which involves the efforts of many people to describe the world in mutually acceptable terms. Scientific knowledge is the cumulative

More information

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Keystone 1. During the process shown above, the two strands of one DNA molecule are unwound. Then, DNA polymerases add complementary nucleotides to each strand which results

More information

AP Biology Syllabus 2012-2013

AP Biology Syllabus 2012-2013 n AP Biology, an emphasis is on students making connections between the big ideas within the AP Biology Curriculum Framework. he two main goals of AP Biology are to help students develop a conceptual framework

More information

1 Mutation and Genetic Change

1 Mutation and Genetic Change CHAPTER 14 1 Mutation and Genetic Change SECTION Genes in Action KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What is the origin of genetic differences among organisms? What kinds

More information

Prentice Hall Biology (Miller/Levine) 2008 Correlated to: Colorado Science Standards and Benchmarks (Grades 9-12)

Prentice Hall Biology (Miller/Levine) 2008 Correlated to: Colorado Science Standards and Benchmarks (Grades 9-12) 1. ask questions and state hypotheses using prior scientific knowledge to help design and guide their development and implementation of a scientific investigation STANDARD 1: Students apply the processes

More information

MS. Structure, Function, and Information Processing

MS. Structure, Function, and Information Processing MIDDLE SCHOOL LIFE SCIENCE Alignment with National Science Standards Use the chart below to find Science A-Z units that best support the Next Generation Science Standards* for Middle School Life Science,

More information

Biology. EL indicates a goal that supports the Maryland Environmental Literacy Standards.

Biology. EL indicates a goal that supports the Maryland Environmental Literacy Standards. Biology Students must pass the High School Assessment in Biology to earn a high school diploma in Maryland. The HCPSS curriculum in Biology is aligned to the Maryland State Curriculum in Biology. Special

More information

State Performance Indicators

State Performance Indicators Sequences of Seventh Grade Science 2012-2013 *Results must be reported to Principal GLE Imbedded Standards Checking for Understanding State Performance Indicators Resource / Required Lab Projected Dates

More information

Quick Hit Activity Using UIL Science Contests For Formative and Summative Assessments of Pre-AP and AP Biology Students

Quick Hit Activity Using UIL Science Contests For Formative and Summative Assessments of Pre-AP and AP Biology Students Quick Hit Activity Using UIL Science Contests For Formative and Summative Assessments of Pre-AP and AP Biology Students Activity Title: Quick Hit Goal of Activity: To perform formative and summative assessments

More information

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy 1 Chapter 3 Objectives Section 1: Chemical Compounds in Cells 1. Define elements and compounds 2. Explain how water is important to the function of cells 3. Identify

More information

How Populations Evolve

How Populations Evolve How Populations Evolve Darwin and the Origin of the Species Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, November 24, 1859. Darwin presented two main concepts: Life

More information

Ch.16-17 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Ch.16-17 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: Date: Ch.16-17 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following statements describe what all members of a population

More information

BIOLOGY 101 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR FALL 2015

BIOLOGY 101 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR FALL 2015 BIOLOGY 101 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR FALL 2015 Course Description Instructor Biology 101 is the first of a two-semester introductory course sequence designed primarily for science majors. It covers some central

More information

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Name Period Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Concept 13.1 Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes 1. Let s begin with a review of several terms that you may already know.

More information

Evolution (18%) 11 Items Sample Test Prep Questions

Evolution (18%) 11 Items Sample Test Prep Questions Evolution (18%) 11 Items Sample Test Prep Questions Grade 7 (Evolution) 3.a Students know both genetic variation and environmental factors are causes of evolution and diversity of organisms. (pg. 109 Science

More information

Genetics Lecture Notes 7.03 2005. Lectures 1 2

Genetics Lecture Notes 7.03 2005. Lectures 1 2 Genetics Lecture Notes 7.03 2005 Lectures 1 2 Lecture 1 We will begin this course with the question: What is a gene? This question will take us four lectures to answer because there are actually several

More information

Topic 3: Nutrition, Photosynthesis, and Respiration

Topic 3: Nutrition, Photosynthesis, and Respiration 1. Base your answer to the following question on the chemical reaction represented below and on your knowledge of biology. If this reaction takes place in an organism that requires sunlight to produce

More information

Basic Characteristics of Cells. Cell Structure and Function. Each Cell Has Three Primary Regions. Basic Characteristics of Cells. The Plasma Membrane

Basic Characteristics of Cells. Cell Structure and Function. Each Cell Has Three Primary Regions. Basic Characteristics of Cells. The Plasma Membrane Basic Characteristics of Cells Cell Structure and Function Chapter 3 Smallest living subdivision of the human body Diverse in structure and function Small Basic Characteristics of Cells Each Cell Has Three

More information

Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration. Hot Seat

Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration. Hot Seat Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Hot Seat Hot Seat Instructions You are competing against classmates in your row (across the classroom). The hot seat is the seat in each row closest to the outside

More information

A. Definition of biology - Biology is the study of life.

A. Definition of biology - Biology is the study of life. Introduction to Biology and Chemistry Outline I. Introduction to biology A. Definition of biology - Biology is the study of life. B. Characteristics of Life 1. Form and size are characteristic. e.g. A

More information

1. The diagram below represents a biological process

1. The diagram below represents a biological process 1. The diagram below represents a biological process 5. The chart below indicates the elements contained in four different molecules and the number of atoms of each element in those molecules. Which set

More information

Table of Contents. North Carolina Essential Standards Correlation Chart... 6

Table of Contents. North Carolina Essential Standards Correlation Chart... 6 Table of Contents North Carolina Essential Standards Correlation Chart........ 6 Objectives Chapter 1 Cell Biology................................. 9 Lesson 1 Cell Structure...............................

More information

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A.

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A. Earth s Cycles 1. Models are often used to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results. A model of the carbon cycle is shown below. Which of the following can be determined based on this model?

More information

Smart Science Lessons and Middle School Next Generation Science Standards

Smart Science Lessons and Middle School Next Generation Science Standards Smart Science Lessons and Middle School Next Generation Science Standards You have chosen the right place to find great science learning and, beyond learning, how to think. The NGSS emphasize thinking

More information

AP BIOLOGY SUMMER WORK 2016

AP BIOLOGY SUMMER WORK 2016 AP BIOLOGY SUMMER WORK 2016 Welcome to AP Biology! AP Biology is a rigorous course designed to be equivalent to a first year biology course at a university. This summer work was designed to get you started

More information

AP Biology. The four big ideas are:

AP Biology. The four big ideas are: AP Biology Course Overview: This course is an intensive study in biological concepts that emphasizes inquiry based learning. It is structured around the four Big Ideas and the Enduring Understandings that

More information

Name Date Class. This section describes cell structure and function in plant cells, animal cells, and bacteria.

Name Date Class. This section describes cell structure and function in plant cells, animal cells, and bacteria. Looking Inside Cells This section describes cell structure and function in plant cells, animal cells, and bacteria. Use Target Reading Skills Before you read, preview Figure 12. Then write two questions

More information

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes Page 1 of 22 Introduction Indiana students enrolled in Biology I participated in the ISTEP+: Biology I Graduation Examination

More information

Photo Cell Resp Practice. A. ATP B. oxygen C. DNA D. water. The following equation represents the process of photosynthesis in green plants.

Photo Cell Resp Practice. A. ATP B. oxygen C. DNA D. water. The following equation represents the process of photosynthesis in green plants. Name: ate: 1. Which molecule supplies the energy for cellular functions?. TP. oxygen. N. water 2. Photosynthesis The following equation represents the process of photosynthesis in green plants. What happens

More information

Summary. 16 1 Genes and Variation. 16 2 Evolution as Genetic Change. Name Class Date

Summary. 16 1 Genes and Variation. 16 2 Evolution as Genetic Change. Name Class Date Chapter 16 Summary Evolution of Populations 16 1 Genes and Variation Darwin s original ideas can now be understood in genetic terms. Beginning with variation, we now know that traits are controlled by

More information

The chemical reactions inside cells are controlled by enzymes. Cells may be specialised to carry out a particular function.

The chemical reactions inside cells are controlled by enzymes. Cells may be specialised to carry out a particular function. 12.1 What are animals and plants built from? All living things are made up of cells. The structures of different types of cells are related to their functions. to relate the structure of different types

More information

South Texas College Biology Department Section Outline

South Texas College Biology Department Section Outline Essential minimum information required by STC South Texas College Biology Department Section Outline Biology 1406.P15 (majors) (Face-to-face Web-enhanced class) General Biology I Spring 2015 Instructor

More information

Visualizing Cell Processes

Visualizing Cell Processes Visualizing Cell Processes A Series of Five Programs produced by BioMEDIA ASSOCIATES Content Guide for Program 3 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Copyright 2001, BioMEDIA ASSOCIATES www.ebiomedia.com

More information

3120-1 - Page 1. Name:

3120-1 - Page 1. Name: Name: 1) Which series is arranged in correct order according to decreasing size of structures? A) DNA, nucleus, chromosome, nucleotide, nitrogenous base B) chromosome, nucleus, nitrogenous base, nucleotide,

More information

Viruses and Prokaryotes

Viruses and Prokaryotes Viruses and Prokaryotes Cellular Basis of Life Q: Are all microbes that make us sick made of living cells? 20.1 What is a virus? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER: A virus is a tiny particle that can make people

More information

Chemical Basis of Life Module A Anchor 2

Chemical Basis of Life Module A Anchor 2 Chemical Basis of Life Module A Anchor 2 Key Concepts: - Water is a polar molecule. Therefore, it is able to form multiple hydrogen bonds, which account for many of its special properties. - Water s polarity

More information

Chapter 3. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 9/11/10. Heredity and Evolu4on

Chapter 3. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 9/11/10. Heredity and Evolu4on Chapter 3 Heredity and Evolu4on Chapter Outline The Cell DNA Structure and Function Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis The Genetic Principles Discovered by Mendel Mendelian Inheritance in Humans Misconceptions

More information

The Cell Teaching Notes and Answer Keys

The Cell Teaching Notes and Answer Keys The Cell Teaching Notes and Answer Keys Subject area: Science / Biology Topic focus: The Cell: components, types of cells, organelles, levels of organization Learning Aims: describe similarities and differences

More information

Biology 1406 - Notes for exam 5 - Population genetics Ch 13, 14, 15

Biology 1406 - Notes for exam 5 - Population genetics Ch 13, 14, 15 Biology 1406 - Notes for exam 5 - Population genetics Ch 13, 14, 15 Species - group of individuals that are capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring; genetically similar 13.7, 14.2 Population

More information

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY CHAPTER 5 CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY SECTION 5 1 The Cell in Its Environment (pages 158-162) This section tells how things move into and out of cells. The Cell Membrane as Gatekeeper (page 158) 1. The cell

More information

The Molecules of Life - Overview. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life

The Molecules of Life - Overview. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life. The Molecules of Life The Molecules of Life - Overview The Molecules of Life The Importance of Carbon Organic Polymers / Monomers Functions of Organic Molecules Origin of Organic Molecules The Molecules of Life Water is the

More information

PiXL AQA Knowledge Test ANSWERS Unit 2 Biology 2 B2 GCSE Additional Science for certification June 2014 onwards

PiXL AQA Knowledge Test ANSWERS Unit 2 Biology 2 B2 GCSE Additional Science for certification June 2014 onwards AQA Knowledge test ANSWERS Unit 2 Biology B2.1_Cells and Simple cell transport B2.1.1 Cells and cell structure 1. What are the main parts of animal cells? Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria,

More information

Reproductive System & Development: Practice Questions #1

Reproductive System & Development: Practice Questions #1 Reproductive System & Development: Practice Questions #1 1. Which two glands in the diagram produce gametes? A. glands A and B B. glands B and E C. glands C and F D. glands E and F 2. Base your answer

More information

Chapter 21 Active Reading Guide The Evolution of Populations

Chapter 21 Active Reading Guide The Evolution of Populations Name: Roksana Korbi AP Biology Chapter 21 Active Reading Guide The Evolution of Populations This chapter begins with the idea that we focused on as we closed Chapter 19: Individuals do not evolve! Populations

More information

General Biology. Course Description and Philosophy

General Biology. Course Description and Philosophy General Biology Course Description and Philosophy Biology is the study of life on the planet Earth. This is a standard college preparatory life science course. Among the concepts covered in the course

More information

Nature of Genetic Material. Nature of Genetic Material

Nature of Genetic Material. Nature of Genetic Material Core Category Nature of Genetic Material Nature of Genetic Material Core Concepts in Genetics (in bold)/example Learning Objectives How is DNA organized? Describe the types of DNA regions that do not encode

More information

11.1 The Work of Gregor Mendel

11.1 The Work of Gregor Mendel 11.1 The Work of Gregor Mendel Lesson Objectives Describe Mendel s studies and conclusions about inheritance. Describe what happens during segregation. Lesson Summary The Experiments of Gregor Mendel The

More information

Name: LAB SECTION: Circle your answer on the test sheet: completely erase or block out unwanted answers.

Name: LAB SECTION: Circle your answer on the test sheet: completely erase or block out unwanted answers. Biology 100 Practice Final Exam Spring 2011 Name: LAB SECTION: Circle your answer on the test sheet: completely erase or block out unwanted answers. Once you have completed the exam, transfer your answers

More information

Ch. 13 How Populations Evolve Period. 4. Describe Lamarck s proposed theory of evolution, The Theory of Acquired Traits.

Ch. 13 How Populations Evolve Period. 4. Describe Lamarck s proposed theory of evolution, The Theory of Acquired Traits. Ch. 13 How Populations Evolve Name Period California State Standards covered by this chapter: Evolution 7. The frequency of an allele in a gene pool of a population depends on many factors and may be stable

More information

Bio EOC Topics for Cell Reproduction: Bio EOC Questions for Cell Reproduction:

Bio EOC Topics for Cell Reproduction: Bio EOC Questions for Cell Reproduction: Bio EOC Topics for Cell Reproduction: Asexual vs. sexual reproduction Mitosis steps, diagrams, purpose o Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis Meiosis steps, diagrams, purpose

More information

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell?

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell? CHAPTER 1 2 SECTION Cells: The Basic Units of Life Eukaryotic Cells BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What

More information

BioBoot Camp Genetics

BioBoot Camp Genetics BioBoot Camp Genetics BIO.B.1.2.1 Describe how the process of DNA replication results in the transmission and/or conservation of genetic information DNA Replication is the process of DNA being copied before

More information

Heredity - Patterns of Inheritance

Heredity - Patterns of Inheritance Heredity - Patterns of Inheritance Genes and Alleles A. Genes 1. A sequence of nucleotides that codes for a special functional product a. Transfer RNA b. Enzyme c. Structural protein d. Pigments 2. Genes

More information

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS June 2003 Authorized for Distribution by the New York State Education Department "NYSTCE," "New York State Teacher Certification Examinations," and the

More information

Basic Scientific Principles that All Students Should Know Upon Entering Medical and Dental School at McGill

Basic Scientific Principles that All Students Should Know Upon Entering Medical and Dental School at McGill Fundamentals of Medicine and Dentistry Basic Scientific Principles that All Students Should Know Upon Entering Medical and Dental School at McGill Students entering medical and dental training come from

More information

CELLS AND BODY SYSTEMS

CELLS AND BODY SYSTEMS CELLS ND BODY SYSTEMS Scientists have recently discovered a new species that lives attached to the side of a tree. n organism from this new species is multicellular has cell walls has vascular tissues

More information

Let s get started. So, what is science?

Let s get started. So, what is science? Let s get started So, what is science? Well Science Science is the observation of phenomena and the theoretical explanation of it. Simply, it is the state of knowing. Biology Biology is the study of life.

More information

Characteristics of Life

Characteristics of Life 1 Life: Characteristics, Origin EVPP 110 Lecture Fall 2003 Dr. Largen 2 characteristics of life origin of life 3 Characteristics of Life 4 What qualifies something as "living"? 5 In-Class Activity #5:

More information

Cellular Energy. 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following?

Cellular Energy. 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following? Cellular Energy 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following? A. plants, but not animals B. animals, but not plants C. bacteria, but neither animals nor plants D. all living organisms 2.

More information

Bob Jesberg. Boston, MA April 3, 2014

Bob Jesberg. Boston, MA April 3, 2014 DNA, Replication and Transcription Bob Jesberg NSTA Conference Boston, MA April 3, 2014 1 Workshop Agenda Looking at DNA and Forensics The DNA, Replication i and Transcription i Set DNA Ladder The Double

More information

B2 Revision. Subject Module Date Biology B2 13 TH May (am)

B2 Revision. Subject Module Date Biology B2 13 TH May (am) B2 Revision Subject Module Date Biology B2 13 TH May (am) Useful websites www.aqa.org.uk This website contains the specifications that we follow and also has a large number of past papers and mark schemes

More information

PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY

PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY Name PRESTWICK ACADEMY NATIONAL 5 BIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY SUMMARY Cell Structure Identify animal, plant, fungal and bacterial cell ultrastructure and know the structures functions. Plant cell Animal cell

More information

Cell and Membrane Practice. A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole

Cell and Membrane Practice. A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole Name: ate: 1. Which structure is outside the nucleus of a cell and contains N?. chromosome. gene. mitochondrion. vacuole 2. potato core was placed in a beaker of water as shown in the figure below. Which

More information

Illinois School for the Deaf Course Curriculum. Craft and Structure RL.6.4. RL.6.5. RL.6.6. Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RL.6.7. RL.6.8. RL.6.9.

Illinois School for the Deaf Course Curriculum. Craft and Structure RL.6.4. RL.6.5. RL.6.6. Integration of Knowledge and Ideas RL.6.7. RL.6.8. RL.6.9. Illinois School for the Deaf Course Curriculum Course Title: Science Grades 6-8 Cycle: Year 3 (Physical Science) Course Agenda: Topic Length of Unit Characteristics of Matter 3 weeks MS-PS1-1., MS-PS1-3.,

More information

Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism )

Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism ) Biology 1406 Exam 3 Notes Structure of DNA Ch. 10 Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism ) Proteins

More information

(D) 181-183, 186-187, 190-193 TFYI 187 TPK 190

(D) 181-183, 186-187, 190-193 TFYI 187 TPK 190 NEVADA Life Science Content Standards for Grade 8 Life s Structure and Function A From Bacteria to Plants B Animal Diversity C Human Body Systems D OBJECTIVES Content Standard 6.0: Structure and Function

More information