Project Trawlight An novel approach to the discard problem in the advent of the landings obligation

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1 Project Trawlight An novel approach to the discard problem in the advent of the landings obligation

2 Why is a Seafood Processor experimenting with Selective Fishing Gear? We have a responsibility and commitment to ensure sustainable fishing and waste reduction We have Serious Concerns about future supply in the advent of the Landings Obligation We have the desire to both enable and empower fishermen to meet the challenging new legislation There was much talk on discards, but no action - It seemed like the obvious thing to do.

3 Our charter vessel and experimental platform the Providence

4 Characteristic Vessels in the Prawn fleet, twin rig, shelter deck around >15m

5 Characteristic Vessels in the Prawn fleet, twin rig, shelter deck around >15m

6 Wheelhouse on board the Providence

7 Kitchen Facilities (arguably the most important room aboard!)

8 Our independent Science Lead (Sam Elliot, CEFAS)

9 First Mate (and former Grimsby Fisher) Brian

10 The illusive and camera shy second mate Jock (Fishing news cartoon anyone?!)

11 Speaking of the fishing news cartoon

12 The Trawlight Gear, 90mm aperture Light rings (x6) Bright LEDs bolted into the Square mesh panel on the starboard side trawl

13 The Trawlight Gear, 90mm aperture Light rings (x6) Bright LEDs bolted into the Square mesh panel on the starboard side trawl

14 The Trawlight Gear, 90mm aperture Light rings (x6) Bright LEDs bolted into the Square mesh panel on the starboard side trawl (Ring design now out)

15 The trawl being deployed (circa 5.30am, F10), careful inspection highlights the glowing patches in the net clearly visible for significant duration after net deployment owed to their brightness.

16 Net Hauling circa 10am (Note Skipper Nigel in his Yellow High Vis coat)

17 The Catch being released from the cod end of the net into the hopper on the open deck and then channelled through into the sorting table under the shelter deck

18 Macro shot of the mixed nature of the catch

19 The Star of the show and target species, the langoustine and scampi Nephrops norvegicus

20 Once the net with the light rings on was unloaded, the catch had to be rapidly decanted into boxes and baskets for separation to identify if there was an experimental effect before the second net could be emptied and the trawl redeployed

21 Subsamples of both nets catches (experimental and standard) then had to be rapidly recorded by Sam Elliot, CEFAS (seen here) and Young s Marine Biologist David Parker to identify any effect from the trawlight gear

22 Subsamples of both nets catches (experimental and standard) then had to be rapidly recorded by Sam Elliot, CEFAS and Young s Marine Biologist David Parker(seen here) to identify any effect from the trawlight gear

23 Overall 40% reduction in small/undersized fish. - 53% reduction in the number of whiting at lengths below 15cm (MLS 27cm) - 24% reduction in plaice catches between 24-25cm lengths (MLS 27cm) - 41% reduction in dab between lengths of 15-18cm (No MLS)

24 Other findings included that both Monkfish and whiting have a keen appetite for nephrops!

25 Other findings sugggest that both Monkfish and whiting have a keen appetite for nephrops!

26 The providence leaving the landing dock after a hard day s fishing (9pm)

27

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29 FV Providence (North Shields) - Twin Rig Nephrops Trawler Trials carried out in October 2015, November 2015 and February 2016 Standard Cefas Sampling Protocol - Control Rig and Experimental Rig - Port and Starboard catches separated Camera

30 Total Number of Fish per Length for All Species Caught Number of Fish Length Control Lights

31 Dab Norway Pout Control Lights Control Lights 80 Plaice 200 Whiting Nephrops Control Lights Control Lights Control Lights

32 Results indicate there was a significant difference; Preliminary Results indicate there was a difference; Fewer fish caught in the Experimental Trawl Fewer small fish caught in the Experimental Trawl 53% reduction in the number of whiting at lengths below 15cm (MLS 27cm) Limitations 24% reduction in plaice catches Didn t Get a chance to swap the Experimental and Control Rigs between Differences in 24-25cm Ground gear? lengths (MLS 27cm) Limited number of hauls 41% Video reduction footage in dab between lengths of More 15-18cm Data Needed (no Future MLS) Work. 31% reduction in the number of Nephrops with carapace length below 28mm (MLS 25mm) unclear as to why/how

33 Key conclusions: Preliminary Results indicate there was a difference; Proven concept of light to reduce fish bycatch Fewer fish caught in the Experimental Trawl Fewer fish caught in the Experimental Trawl Fewer small fish caught in the Experimental Trawl Fewer small fish caught in the Experimental Trawl Limitations Limitations Didn t Get a chance to swap the Experimental and Control Rigs Didn t Differences Get a in chance Ground gear? to swap the Experimental and Control Rigs Limited number of hauls Differences Video footage in Ground gear? More Data Needed Future Work. Limited number of hauls Video footage failure More Data Needed Future Work. Report available on Request

34

35 The Illegal Discard Risk After a decade of hard work in legitimising fishing effort, it seemed that black market fish landings had become a thing of the past. But, because of the choke species issue, there is a tacit understanding that some vessels will continue to discard despite the introduction of the LO. There is already evidence that this is the case in the Baltic! Continued unaccounted mortality from discarding against quotas (which have actually been increased to account for the LO) will lead to overfishing. Many in the Market see Discarding post 2019 as IUU fishing.

36 Legal Sourcing a no compromise market requirement For the first time in years, the market faces the very real prospect that some EU fishery products in their supply chains could be sourced from vessels which are fishing illegally. The market requires that there is no illegal practice in their supply chains. IUU is a number one retailer and NGO priority and threatens certification (MSC). However- the market recognises the urgent need for practical actions to be taken in order to prevent the loss of buyer access to EU catches on the basis of a failure to meet the conditions set out in the CFP

37 What Buttons can we press? The policy levers The de minimus policy 5-7% Maximum, useful but not enough for some fisheries, defined by authorities High Survivability still unclear on criteria, likely not to apply to many species, work in place (CEFAS, FIS) Real-time spatial measures could prove very useful but very discreet and job for authorities/catching sector Improved catch selectivity of fishing gears to avoid unwanted by catch Real gap here, lack of true innovation and perfect opportunity for the supply chain to make a difference.

38 Introducing The Gear innovation Consortium Gear Selectivity 2.0 A call to Action

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