PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM DESIGN AND INSTALLATION From the pre-feasibility study to the commissioning

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM DESIGN AND INSTALLATION From the pre-feasibility study to the commissioning"

Transcription

1 FEBRUARY, 2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM DESIGN AND INSTALLATION From the pre-feasibility study to the commissioning

2 FEBRUARY, 2011 TABLE OF CONTENT PROJECT OVERVIEW 3 PHASE 1: PRE-FEASIBILITY STUDY 4 A- Site selection 4 B- Collect of information and technical surveys 4 PHASE 2: PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM DESIGN 5 A- Estimating system output 5 B- Select the mounting system 6 PHASE 3: BUSINESS PLAN 7 A- Feed-in-tariff 7 B- What to consider for solar PV finance 7 PHASE 4: PERMISSION PLANNING 8 A- Documentation 8 B- Support scheme 8 C- Grid connection permit 8 PHASE 5: SELECTION OF SUPPLIERS 9 A- Components of a PV system 9 B- Selection criteria 9 PHASE 6: SYSTEM INSTALLATION 10 A - Set up the photovoltaic generator 10 B - Wiring and commissioning 10 C - Grid connection 10 PHASE 7: MANAGEMENT OF THE INSTALLATION 11 A - Monitoring system 11 B - Maintenance 11 PHASE 8: END-LIFE OF THE INSTALLATION 12 A - More than 25 years of production 12 B - Decommissioning 12 C - Recycling 12

3 PAGE 3 PROJECT OVERVIEW Building-up a large-scale photovoltaic installation requires several steps and preliminary surveys in order to confirm the reliability of the project. Each phase is essential and it takes around 6 months to achieve the project. PHASE STEP DURATION Phase 1 Pre-feasibility study 2 weeks Phase 2 Photovoltaic system design 2 weeks Phase 3 Business plan 2 weeks Phase 4 Planning permission 8 weeks Phase 5 Selection of suppliers & providers 4 weeks Phase 6 System installation 4 weeks Phase 7 PV installation management For 25 years Phase 8 End-life installation After 25 years

4 PAGE 4 PHASE 1: PRE-FEASIBILITY STUDY Thatʼs the first step of the project. When the decision is made to invest in a photovoltaic system, it is required to collect all the useful information in order to identify the interest and the feasibility of the project. A- Site selection One of the great advantages of solar photovoltaic is the simplicity of its installation, and a certified installer will do most of the work for you. However, essential criteria are required: -Orientation: Ideally, the surface should be south facing at a angle. Most farm and industrial building roofs are not at this angle, but the mounting system can be adjusted to provide the output needed. -Location: Avoid shade, although solar systems do not need direct sunlight to generate electricity, they will work much better the more they receive. The South of England is best suited because it is generally sunnier, but most parts of England have sufficient daylight to make it viable. -Presence of grid utility to feed the electricity network authority. The production of electricity will be sold to the national grid. Suitable electrical installation must be close the installation and meet local utility interconnection requirements. - The photovoltaic system size depends on the project budget, the size of the roof (for roof mounted systems) or the land (for ground mounted systems) and on the type of solar used. B- Collect of information and technical surveys Before moving forward in the project, two things to do: - Collect the useful information: geographical position, building or land dimensions, sun irradiation, cadastre, maps, pictures, etc. - Topographical, building structure and environmental impact surveys.

5 !"$%&'())('*+%,-*./ PHASE 2: PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM DESIGN PAGE 5! 0123$ :10$,52450$:1;<3$450 The photovoltaic installation design is done by an renewable energy consultancy specialised in photovoltaic system design and able to provide the most appropriate system based on the following criteria: )-%./$01230*/%4561$7%859$6% 8:$2$%*2$%1;<%+$$2*/%159$6%<=%$/$01230*/%>$63+6%=<2%)-%9<;$2%6561$76%=<2%:<7$6?%6561$76%1:*1%31$2*01%;31:% - Sunlight and weather resistant materials for all outdoor equipment. - Array location to minimise shading from foliage, vent pipes, and adjacent structures. System design in compliance with all applicable building and electrical codes. -A*11$25%A*0B"9%*6%;$//C%% System design with a minimum of electrical losses due to wiring, fuses, switches, and inverters. - System design meets local utility interconnection requirements. - Roof area or other installation site is capable of handling the desired system size. 2$61<2$>C% 85930*/%4561$7%N<79<$16O%% A- Estimating system output =$$1%3%63S$%*>%;$3+:6%*A<"1%TEU%/A6CV=1 & C%G=1$%6$16%<=%=<"2%<2%7<2$%67*//$2%7<>"/$6%*2$%=2*7$>%<2% PV systems produce power in proportion to the intensity of sunlight striking the solar array *11*0:$>%1<+$1:$2%A5%612"16%3%;:*1%36%0*//$>%*%9*$/C%8:36%9*$/%36%15930*//5%*2<">%&'ET,%6R"*2$%=$$1% surface. The intensity of light on a surface varies throughout a day, as well as day to day, 3%*2$*%=<2%$*6$%<=%:*>/3+%<%*%2<<=C%8:36%*//<;6%6<7$%*66$7A/5%*>%;323+%="013<6%1<%A$%><$% so <%1:$%+2<">%3=%0*//$>%=<2%A5%1:$%361*//*13<%3612"013<6C% the actual output of a solar power system can vary substantial. There are other factors that affect the output of a solar power system. These factors need to be understood so that the 1:$%6</*2%7<>"/$6%31<%1:$%612"01"2*/%*>%$/$01230*/%6561$76%<=%1:$%:<7$C%8:$%;323+%6561$76%30/">$% customer has realistic expectations of overall system output and economic benefits under variable weather conditions over time. A*/*0$%<=%6561$7%$R"397$1%HJG4KO%JG4%30/">$6%7<"13+%6561$76%*>%;323+%6561$76%"6$>%1<%31$+2*1$% 92<1$013<%=<2%1:$%6</*2%7<>"/$6C%W<61%6561$76%30/">$%*%0<7A3$2%A<*2>%<=%6<7$%B3>%630$%7<61% 9<;$2%"6$>%A5%1:$%:<"6$%*99/3*0$6C% $$2+5%"6*+$C% <1:$2%0<79<$16O%"13/315%6;310:%H>$9$>3+%<%/<0*/%"13/315K% % - Calculate your roof size to determine the maximum size of your PV system - Analyse the orientation of your roof, incline and shading to determine how much sunlight your system is able to capture and if your system operates near its rated efficiency - Solar radiation of your geographical region!! )-%P22*5% )-%P22*5% N320"31% N<7A3$2%% D2<">E]*"/1% )2<1$01<2%% [N% ]"6$>% 4;310:% [NVPN% PN% ]"6$>% 4;310:% \13/315% 4;310:% )*$/%! \13/315%! % 8:36%159$%<=%6561$7%30<29<2*1$6%$$2+5%61<2*+$%3%1:$%=<27%<=%*%A*11$25%1<%B$$9%Y023130*/%/<*>Z%0320"316%3%1:$% calculate the production forecast on 25 years :<"6$%<9$2*13+%>"23+%*%"13/315%<"1*+$C%X:$%*%<"1*+$%<00"26%1:$%"31%>360<$016%=2<7%1:$% "13/315%*>%9<;$26%69$03=30%0320"316%3%1:$%:<7$C%8:$6$%023130*/%/<*>%0320"316%*2$%;32$>%=2<7%*% A photovoltaic design software is used to choose the output of, inverters and!"$%&''(%%! )*+$%,%

6 PAGE 6 B- Select the mounting system A wide range covering all possible scenarios of photovoltaic installation, from the building integration to the PV plant on ground. Ground mounting system On roof mounting system BIPV - Roof mount is often the most convenient and appropriate place to put the PV array is on the roof of the building. The PV array may be mounted above and parallel to the roof surface with a standoff of several inches for cooling purposes. Sometimes, such as with flat roofs, a separate structure with a more optimal tilt angle is mounted on the roof. - Ground mounted solution that can be used in almost all kinds of situations, from residential to large commercial, right through to utility scale. - Building-Integrated PV Array (BIPV) is another type of system allows easy integration of framed photovoltaic into the roofs of buildings, old and new, whatever the existing structure. This smart and innovative system has been developed to be a versatile integrated solution. Up to this point, selection, installation, and performance of PV systems have been discussed. System documentation should include an ownerʼs manual and copies of relevant drawings for whatever system maintenance might be required in the future.

7 PAGE 7 PHASE 3: BUSINESS PLAN A- Feed-in-tariff At this step of the project, it is valued the profitability according to the electricity production forecast on 25 years running of the PV installation considering the total investment. Feed In Tariff rewards solar PV up to 5MW capacity. The FIT is designed to enable a Return on Investment (ROI) of 5-10 per cent each year for well-sited PV installations. Scale Generation tariff Export tariff Tariff life time 2010/ / /13 4kW (new building) kW (retrofit) kW kW kW-5MW Stand-alone system B- What to consider for solar PV finance: - Generation Tariff: the price your energy supplier gives you for every unit of electricity produced, irrespective of whether you use it or export it. - Export Tariff: a minimum of 3p/kWh for all electricity exported to the Grid, this can be more depending on supplier and if you enter into a power purchase agreement. As an interim measure, payment of export tariffs to generators of 30kW or less will be made on the basis of deemed or estimated exports. The amount of electricity deemed to be exported for solar PV generators will be 50 per cent as a proportion of the metered generation output. (This will not apply if export meters are fitted). - Lower bills: account for the reduction in your energy bills if you use your own power. - Index linked: tariffs are linked to the Retail Price Index for electricity meaning your tariff will keep pace with inflation. - Tariff digression: the earlier you invest in renewable technologies, the greater the financial benefits. After 2012 the tariffs start to reduce, owing to the projected expansion of the PV market (up to 250MW of new solar capacity by 2011, compared to 22MW in 2009) which is expected to lead to lower technology costs. - Capital grants: the scheme generally prohibits recipients of grants from receiving FITs as this would mean they get a double benefit.

8 PAGE 8 PHASE 4: PERMISSION PLANNING A- Documentation Permission to install is dependent on the view of the local planning authority that will make a decision based on the views of the local planning committee. - Environmental Impact Assessment: an EIA would be required for an installation. - Planning permission: A Planning Application will need to be submitted with necessary supporting documents. The application will usually be decided upon in eight weeks (Government has imposed a target that 80% must be decided in the statutory 8 week period). - Planning decision: local Planning Authority (LPA) validates application and requests any missing documents and acknowledges applicant accordingly. LPA publicises and consults on application as necessary. Application is then assessed by Planning Officer/Planning Committee against valid information e.g. consultation responses, policies, responses to publicity etc. Negotiation with applicant if appropriate. Recommendation to Committee if not delegated and/or recommendation to Development Control Manager. Outcomes: - Planning Permission granted start work within the time limit and comply with conditions. - Permission granted with conditions accept conditions or appeal. - Application not decided in 8 weeks applicant has the right of appeal. - Permission refused Change proposal and submit new application or applicant can appeal. B- Support scheme For installations above 50kWp the installation must be registered on Ofgem's website using Ofgem's ROO-FIT process before an application is made to an Electricity Supplier. All suppliers with more than 50k domestic customers must offer FITs, smaller suppliers can volunteer to do so. A list of Licensees can be found on the Ofgem website. A generator can assign their right to FITs payments to a third party (nominated recipient) by way of bilateral agreement. C- Grid connection permit The connection of the solar PV system to the grid connection point will need to be completed as regulation G59/1 i.e. DNO makes offer to PV generator incorporating NGC requirements, procedure then as for residential systems over 16A per phase. Technical requirements must be in accordance with G59/1

9 PAGE 9 PHASE 5: SELECTION OF SUPPLIERS A- Components of a PV system The main components of a PV system include: - Solar panels, either mounted on the roof or the ground, or replacing the roof material. - Inverters, which turns the electricity from the panels into a form you can use for your home or business. Convert DC power into AC power. - System Monitoring provides feedback to the customer about the power and energy metering. Without proper metering the customer will never know whether the system is operating properly or not. - Mounting systems, on-roof, grounded or BIPV. - Cable and connectors, different length and section. B- Selection criteria When choosing a supplier and specifying a PV system, the following criteria help the decision-making process: - Company profile, reputation and references in similar projects - Technical advantages and innovative products - Quality and certification (such as MCS) - Competitiveness - Warranty and insurance Essential requirements for components - MCS approved - IEC standard - High efficiency cells - 25 years warranty - Quality Insurance package - G83/1 or G59 approved - IEC standard - European efficiency - 5 years warranty - Reliable after sale services - Sufficent load capacity and wind resistance - Long-term liability - 10 years warranty - Easy to install - Full system monitoring - String monitoring - Data record - System failure notification - Online portal PV MODULE INVERTER MOUNTING SYSTEM MONITORING SYSTEM

10 PAGE 10 PHASE 6: SYSTEM INSTALLATION B - Set up the photovoltaic generator The D-Day has started. After months and months, the installation begins and can go on for days depending of the number of to install. Preparation and making the roof tidy, ready to host the mounting system Rails are mounted directly on the roof structure Modules are installed and fixed on the rails C - Wiring and commissioning Thatʼs the final steps to the commissioning. All the installation is wired. After a final inspection, the installation will be ready to produce electricity. Wiring. Each will connected to each other and finally plug to the inverters On grid inverters and their protection devices D - Grid connection There will be a detailed procedure for this set out or referred to in the "construction and adoption" agreement which is not standard. There is no "legally set" process for testing and acceptance followed by adoption.

11 PAGE 11 PHASE 7: MANAGEMENT OF THE INSTALLATION A - Monitoring system With the decision for a PV system, you also decide for a long-term source of income. It means that the system must function smoothly at all times. The best way to manage your PV installation and your production of electricity is to use monitoring devices: Communication hub. It continuously collects all the data from the inverters on the system side, thereby keeping you informed of the systemʻs status at any given time: system monitoring, remote diagnosis, data storage and visualisation of the production of electricity. Web portal for professional management. Whether for a small home system or a large solar park, central administration and monitoring of several PV plants saves time and money. Plant operators, installers and inverter manufacturer service technicians have access to key data at any time, from any location. The yields of all inverters in a plant are compared fully automatically, permitting detection of even the smallest deviations. Large-scale display. A large-format display visualises yield, performance and CO2 reduction of PV systems in large, luminous figures. it derives the display data from the communication hub via the Ethernet interface. B - Maintenance Even if maintenance is minimal, there are no moving parts in the installation, so it is almost maintenance free. However, it is required to regularly inspect the installation: - Keep clean: If the PV installation is located in a dusty place and it doesnʼt rain frequently, it is recommended to clean the (e.g. birds dejection). - Connectors: check if all the connectors are properly plugged and if no scratch or damage appear on cables. - Protection devices: check if all the protection devices are in operation. - Mounting system: check if no damage on the installation racks. - Electrical measurement on specific parts (inverters).

12 Recycling of PAGE 12 PHASE 8: END-LIFE OF THE INSTALLATION A - More than 25 years of production Depending on the feed-in-tariff scheme and the right to run the installation, the PV system can still run after 25 years. Indeed, the end of the FIT contract between the installationʼs owner and the grid authority, doesnʼt mean the will stop produce electricity. The production of electricity will be use for your own consumption and will allow you to reduce your electricity bills. B - Decommissioning In some cases, land or roof are a concession for 25 years, and it will be required to dismount the full PV system. In that case, at the construction of the system, special material are used in order to recycle them after the life-time (e.g. use of ground screws instead of concrete foundation to avoid ground contamination). C - Recycling The PV industry is working to create truly sustainable energy solutions that take into consideration the environmental impacts of all stages of the product life cycle, from raw material sourcing through end-of-life collection and recycling. Although the PV industry is young, leading manufacturers embrace the concept of producer responsibility and have come together to put in place a voluntary, industry-wide take-back and recycling programme. By addressing future recycling needs now, it can be offered a truly sustainable energy solution today to help prevent climate change tomorrow. MAKING THE PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY DOUBLE GREEN LIFE CYCLE OF CRYSTALLINE SILICON MODULES Recycling of photovoltaic Re-use Raw materials Production process Production of photovoltaic Recycling process Module Installation of Collection of end-of-life photovoltaic Collection of Disinstallation of end-of-life Producing green energy Producing green energy Use of photovoltaic LIFE CYCLE OF THIN FILM MODULES

13 PAGE 13

DELIVERING BUSINESS ENERGY GO GREEN AND SAVE MONEY

DELIVERING BUSINESS ENERGY GO GREEN AND SAVE MONEY DELIVERING BUSINESS ENERGY CO M M E R C I A L S O L A R S O LU T I O N S GO GREEN AND SAVE MONEY PAY LESS FOR YOUR ELECTRICITY WHAT YOU SAVE ENERGYAID MODEL HOW YOU GET LOW COST ELECTRICITY Green electricity

More information

Using the sun to generate electricity

Using the sun to generate electricity Using the sun to generate electricity Image source: http://www.globalsolarcenter.com/files/2009/04/commercial-solar.jpg Solar panels information sheet What are the benefits? How does it work? What is the

More information

SOLAR PV SYSTEM INFORMATION PACK

SOLAR PV SYSTEM INFORMATION PACK SOLAR PV SYSTEM INFORMATION PACK Apollo Solar the solar pv professionals If you are considering going green and earning money from solar energy, look no further than Apollo Solar we are fully qualified

More information

Technology Fact Sheet for Mitigation

Technology Fact Sheet for Mitigation Technology Fact Sheet for Mitigation Solar PV systems (>1MW) i Technology: Solar PV systems (>1MW) Sector : Energy Subsector : Technology characteristics Introduction Solar photovoltaic, or simply photovoltaic

More information

Solar power system installation for homes & businesses

Solar power system installation for homes & businesses Solar power system installation for homes & businesses 02 For more information visit www.ac-solar.co.uk Welcome to AC Solar AC Solar is one of the UKs leading domestic Solar PV installers, with wide experience

More information

Fact Sheet March 2013. Solar Photovoltaic Systems Electricity from Sunshine

Fact Sheet March 2013. Solar Photovoltaic Systems Electricity from Sunshine Fact Sheet March 2013 Solar Photovoltaic Systems Electricity from Sunshine Farming connect Introduction Farming has always been about harvesting energy from the sun after all, every green leaf is a solar

More information

Cares renewable ENERGY

Cares renewable ENERGY Cares renewable ENERGY Solar panel Handbook Renewable Energy Technologies This Handbook aims to help you to: Learn the fundamentals of Solar Photovoltaic Panels. Explore and discuss the range of technologies

More information

Electricity from PV systems how does it work?

Electricity from PV systems how does it work? Electricity from photovoltaic systems Bosch Solar Energy 2 Electricity from PV systems Electricity from PV systems how does it work? Photovoltaics: This is the name given to direct conversion of radiant

More information

HARNESS. Utilising solar energy to save money

HARNESS. Utilising solar energy to save money HARNESS Utilising solar energy to save money Why consider solar? No control over ever rising electricity prices Electricity costs have doubled over the last 10 years* What will your electricity bill be

More information

Exploring the Basics: Solar Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal and Wind Energy Systems

Exploring the Basics: Solar Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal and Wind Energy Systems Exploring the Basics: Solar Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal and Wind Energy Systems Matthew Bennett NABCEP & GLREA Certified Solar PV Installer A Division of Dovetail Construction Co. Inc. Why renewable energy?

More information

Solar PV checklist Questions to ask installers

Solar PV checklist Questions to ask installers Solar PV checklist Questions to ask installers When it comes to choosing a solar photovoltaic (PV) installation, there are a lot of variations which can make it difficult to compare quotes and to be sure

More information

SA Power Networks Planning for Solar PV? Customer information guide to network connected solar PV inverter systems

SA Power Networks Planning for Solar PV? Customer information guide to network connected solar PV inverter systems SA Power Networks Planning for Solar PV? Customer information guide to network connected solar PV inverter systems Contents Introduction 3 How solar PV power systems work 4 Solar modules 5 Is solar power

More information

Islington Solar Panel Programme

Islington Solar Panel Programme Islington Solar Panel Programme Frequently Ask Questions When will it take place? It will take place during the November and December 2011 and the first stage will be completed during December 2011. Why

More information

The Solar Power Specialists. Elm Park House, Elm Park Court, Pinner, Middlesex, HA5 3NN Solutions House, Unit A19, 20 Heron Road, Belfast, BT3 9LE

The Solar Power Specialists. Elm Park House, Elm Park Court, Pinner, Middlesex, HA5 3NN Solutions House, Unit A19, 20 Heron Road, Belfast, BT3 9LE The Solar Power Specialists GB: 0845 64 39 772 NI: 0845 50 40 444 Email: info@metartecsolar.com Visit: www.metartecsolar.com Elm Park House, Elm Park Court, Pinner, Middlesex, HA5 3NN Solutions House,

More information

Photo Kirklees IS SOLAR ENERGY FOR ME? A guide to going solar

Photo Kirklees IS SOLAR ENERGY FOR ME? A guide to going solar Photo Kirklees IS SOLAR ENERGY FOR ME? A guide to going solar WHY SOLAR? Economics Solar energy can reduce bills, earn you money and protect you from rising energy prices. Solar is a free source of energy

More information

A SOLAR GUIDE - EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW

A SOLAR GUIDE - EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW WE BRING GREEN SOLUTIONS TO YOU A SOLAR GUIDE - EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW Provided by A COOLER PLANET A Cooler Planet 1 The Complete Solar Guide WHY GO SOLAR? TOP FIVE FACTORS TO CONSIDER FOR ADDING

More information

Solar Solutions and Large PV Power Plants. Oscar Araujo Business Development Director - Americas

Solar Solutions and Large PV Power Plants. Oscar Araujo Business Development Director - Americas Solar Solutions and Large PV Power Plants Oscar Araujo Business Development Director - Americas Solar Business of Schneider Electric The Solar Business of Schneider Electric is focused on designing and

More information

Solar Panels for your Home and Business

Solar Panels for your Home and Business Solar Panels for your Home and Business Call: 01834 888 330 www.silverstonegreenenergy.co.uk Whether we are working on a 33,000 Volt solar farm or a system for your home, our electrical engineers use the

More information

Planning, Simulation and Yield Calculation of Solar Power Plants. Valentin Software

Planning, Simulation and Yield Calculation of Solar Power Plants. Valentin Software Planning, Simulation and Yield Calculation of Solar Power Plants Dr. Gerhard Valentin Valentin Software Berlin, Germany Agenda Introduction Simulation of Solar Heating Systems Impact of Environmental Factors

More information

Frequently Asked Questions SOLAR ENERGY:

Frequently Asked Questions SOLAR ENERGY: Frequently Asked Questions SOLAR ENERGY: Why should I have Solar Power? There are lots of reasons that make installing Solar Power Generation worthwhile: Environmental Green advantages Zero carbon emissions

More information

To arrange a survey please call our Solar team

To arrange a survey please call our Solar team To arrange a survey please call our Solar team t: 0844 826 8323 f: 0844 507 0011 e: info@euroenergyservices.co.uk w:euroenergyservices.co.uk Euro Energy Services 212 Ripon Road Harrogate HG1 2BY Environmental

More information

Corona Department of Water & Power (DWP) Solar Partnership Program Guidelines and Application

Corona Department of Water & Power (DWP) Solar Partnership Program Guidelines and Application Corona Department of Water & Power (DWP) Solar Partnership Program Guidelines and Application DWP s new Solar Partnership Program is available to help offset your investment in a PV system and get you

More information

Solar Power HourSM. Solar educa on for your community.

Solar Power HourSM. Solar educa on for your community. Solar Power HourSM Solar educa on for your community. 1 Contents About. 1 Commonly Asked Questions.. 2-3 The Solar Site Assessment.. 3-4 Selecting a Solar Installer. 5-7 Certified Installers by State.

More information

Solar technology. A guide to solar power at utility scale. in Africa

Solar technology. A guide to solar power at utility scale. in Africa Solar technology A guide to solar power at utility scale in Africa About solar power Solar electricity is generated using a free and abundant energy source the sun. In a single hour, the sun transmits

More information

RENEWABLE ENERGY INVESTMENTS

RENEWABLE ENERGY INVESTMENTS RENEWABLE ENERGY INVESTMENTS FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS SOLAR PV What are photovoltaics (PV)? First used in about 1890, the word photovoltaic has two parts; photo derived from the Greek for light, and

More information

NBF. Electrical. www.nbfelectrical.com.au WHY GO SOLAR? NBF ELECTRICAL EXPLAINS WHY

NBF. Electrical. www.nbfelectrical.com.au WHY GO SOLAR? NBF ELECTRICAL EXPLAINS WHY Electrical NBF www.nbfelectrical.com.au WHY GO SOLAR? NBF ELECTRICAL EXPLAINS WHY contact NBF Electrical Nathan Fielke Mobile: 0433 145 587 Fax: (08) 8346 4044 ABN 75 536 121 682 CEC A3966385 PGE197475

More information

Yield Reduction due to Shading:

Yield Reduction due to Shading: 1x4 1x16 10 x CBC Energy A/S x Danfoss Solar Inverters CBC-40W Poly 40 W TLX 1,5k 5 ; 1x11 3x4 0 1,5kW 1536 x CBC Energy A/S 1 x Power-One CBC-40W Poly 40 W TRIO-7,6-TL-OUTD 30 ; 4x14 0 7,6kW Location:

More information

Running the Electric Meter Backwards: Real-Life Experience with a Residential Solar Power System

Running the Electric Meter Backwards: Real-Life Experience with a Residential Solar Power System Running the Electric Meter Backwards: Real-Life Experience with a Residential Solar Power System Brooks Martner Lafayette, Colorado University of Toledo Spring 2015 PHYS 4400 - Principles and Varieties

More information

Grid Connected Photovoltaic (PV) System for Residential Buildings

Grid Connected Photovoltaic (PV) System for Residential Buildings Grid Connected Photovoltaic (PV) System for Residential Buildings 1 Key Competencies Turnkey Photovoltaic (PV) System Provider Retrofit Installation on existing rooftops Design of PV Systems for new buildings

More information

Key Information in relation to Residential Solar Systems 2012

Key Information in relation to Residential Solar Systems 2012 Key Information in relation to Residential Solar Systems 2012 1. Key Information Standard Lead Times Standard lead times for the commencement of solar system installations are generally between 6 8 weeks

More information

SOLARCARE SERIES PRODUCT AND APPLICATION GUIDE

SOLARCARE SERIES PRODUCT AND APPLICATION GUIDE SOLARCARE SERIES PRODUCT AND APPLICATION GUIDE for solar energy management LEATEC Delivering Solutions for Energy Management SOLAR ENERGY DATA CENTER BUILDING 4 to8 String Monitoring with 0.% Accuracy

More information

Listed are common requirements that apply to existing solar installations when altered, added to or reconfigured.

Listed are common requirements that apply to existing solar installations when altered, added to or reconfigured. SOLAR ALTERATIONS REQUIREMENTS August 2015 These requirements address typical alterations to solar installations; they cannot address every scenario. In Victoria, an alteration to a solar installation

More information

Call us today. Call us today. Discover the benefits of. Call Us Today. Call Us Today.

Call us today. Call us today. Discover the benefits of. Call Us Today. Call Us Today. Call us today Discover the benefits of going FREE SOLAR Solar Call Us Today Call Us Today The sun, is energy that is available for free which can be used in many ways Call us today 1 Energy from the sun

More information

SOLAR TECHNOLOGY CHRIS PRICE TECHNICAL SERVICES OFFICER BIMOSE TRIBAL COUNCIL

SOLAR TECHNOLOGY CHRIS PRICE TECHNICAL SERVICES OFFICER BIMOSE TRIBAL COUNCIL SOLAR TECHNOLOGY CHRIS PRICE TECHNICAL SERVICES OFFICER BIMOSE TRIBAL COUNCIL SOLAR TECHNOLOGY Photovoltaics Funding Options Solar Thermal Photovoltaics 1. What are they and how do they work? 2. The Solar

More information

BEST PRACTICE REGULATION OF THE AUSTRALIAN SOLAR INDUSTRY CLEAN ENERGY COUNCIL FEBRUARY 2015

BEST PRACTICE REGULATION OF THE AUSTRALIAN SOLAR INDUSTRY CLEAN ENERGY COUNCIL FEBRUARY 2015 BEST PRACTICE REGULATION OF THE AUSTRALIAN SOLAR INDUSTRY CLEAN ENERGY COUNCIL FEBRUARY 2015 1 This paper outlines the current regulatory framework for the Australian solar industry, and the range of initiatives

More information

12 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS by John Ware. PV modules are current-limiting

12 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS by John Ware. PV modules are current-limiting 12 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER by John Ware IT IS PLANNED for BS 7671:2008 to include a new Section 712 providing additional requirements for safety applicable to solar photovoltaic (pv) power supply systems.

More information

Feed in Tariffs for Microgeneration. Jos Mister Energy Saving Trust

Feed in Tariffs for Microgeneration. Jos Mister Energy Saving Trust Feed in Tariffs for Microgeneration Jos Mister Energy Saving Trust Funding and Finance Feed in Tariffs Clean Energy Cashback April 2010 Renewable Heat Incentive April 2011 Business support Enhanced Capital

More information

Solar Photovoltaic Glossary

Solar Photovoltaic Glossary Solar Photovoltaic Glossary Alternating Current (AC) - The flow of electricity that constantly changes direction between positive and negative sides. Almost all power produced by electric utilities in

More information

Solar Power Frequently Asked Questions

Solar Power Frequently Asked Questions General information about solar power 1. How do I get solar power? Solar Power Frequently Asked Questions Many companies install solar power systems including some electricity retailers. It is worth comparing

More information

Design of Grid Connect PV systems. Palau Workshop 8 th -12 th April

Design of Grid Connect PV systems. Palau Workshop 8 th -12 th April Design of Grid Connect PV systems Palau Workshop 8 th -12 th April INTRODUCTION The document provides the minimum knowledge required when designing a PV Grid connect system. The actual design criteria

More information

SOLAR GRID CONNECT IMPORTANT INFORMATION

SOLAR GRID CONNECT IMPORTANT INFORMATION SOLAR GRID CONNECT IMPORTANT INFORMATION How Your Solar Power system works Solar cells are a practical use of the photovoltaic (PV) effect. In this process when light hits a conductor and semiconductor

More information

EFFICIENT EAST-WEST ORIENTATED PV SYSTEMS WITH ONE MPP TRACKER

EFFICIENT EAST-WEST ORIENTATED PV SYSTEMS WITH ONE MPP TRACKER EFFICIENT EAST-WEST ORIENTATED PV SYSTEMS WITH ONE MPP TRACKER A willingness to install east-west orientated photovoltaic (PV) systems has lacked in the past. Nowadays, however, interest in installing

More information

Everything you wanted to know (in simple language) about

Everything you wanted to know (in simple language) about DYSON E S We s e t E R t h e N E R G V I C E Y S s t a n d a r d s Everything you wanted to know (in simple language) about Solar Energy but were too afraid to ask This is your perfect little ray of sunshine

More information

Solar Power at Vernier Software & Technology

Solar Power at Vernier Software & Technology Solar Power at Vernier Software & Technology Having an eco-friendly business is important to Vernier. Towards that end, we have recently completed a two-phase project to add solar panels to our building

More information

Free electricity for your home, offices or factory with solar PV panels

Free electricity for your home, offices or factory with solar PV panels Free electricity for your home, offices or factory with solar PV panels Who we are Easy Being Green helps customers reduce their household s energy consumption by using energy saving products. Easy Easy

More information

Consumer guide. be brighter. actewagl.com.au/solar solar@actewagl.com.au 13 14 93

Consumer guide. be brighter. actewagl.com.au/solar solar@actewagl.com.au 13 14 93 be brighter. Consumer guide. Your guide on how solar works, how much you can save on your electricity bills and how to choose the right provider and system for you. actewagl.com.au/solar solar@actewagl.com.au

More information

Tel: 01665833270 / mob: 07709165734 Email: rob@robporteous.co.uk Solar PV Information Pack

Tel: 01665833270 / mob: 07709165734 Email: rob@robporteous.co.uk Solar PV Information Pack Robert Porteous Roofing, scaffolding & Solar PV specialists Tel: 01665833270 / mob: 07709165734 Email: rob@robporteous.co.uk Solar PV Information Pack About Our company: Our company is an MCS accredited

More information

Suffolk's independent guide to The Clean Energy Cash-back scheme

Suffolk's independent guide to The Clean Energy Cash-back scheme Suffolk's independent guide to The Clean Energy Cash-back scheme Did you know the Government s Clean Energy Cash-back scheme pays you to be green? Householders, community groups and businesses can get

More information

Residential Solar Service Agreement (RSSA) Customer Sited Solar Photovoltaic Systems

Residential Solar Service Agreement (RSSA) Customer Sited Solar Photovoltaic Systems Residential Solar Service Agreement (RSSA) Customer Sited Solar Photovoltaic Systems This Agreement is made and entered into this day of, 20, ( Effective Date ) by and between the Orlando Utilities Commission

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCTS

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCTS ENVIRONMENTAL 2016 PRODUCTS Our newly developed environmental range provides our customers with products that improve their environmental footprint at reasonable pricing which will ultimately result in

More information

Solar and Wind Energy for Greenhouses. A.J. Both 1 and Tom Manning 2

Solar and Wind Energy for Greenhouses. A.J. Both 1 and Tom Manning 2 Solar and Wind Energy for Greenhouses A.J. Both 1 and Tom Manning 2 1 Associate Extension Specialist 2 Project Engineer NJ Agricultural Experiment Station Rutgers University 20 Ag Extension Way New Brunswick,

More information

ANALYSIS 2: Photovoltaic Glass Replacement

ANALYSIS 2: Photovoltaic Glass Replacement ANALYSIS 2: Photovoltaic Glass Replacement Problem Identification Bridgeside II is designed to accommodate 80 percent lab space and 20 percent office space. Laboratory equipment can consume a considerable

More information

Solar PV Installations for Social Housing Providers

Solar PV Installations for Social Housing Providers Solar PV Installations for Social Housing Providers a bright idea, a greener community. t: 0141 435 7774 e: commercial@campbellkennedy.co.uk Solar PV Installations for Social Housing Providers Campbell

More information

Solar PV Panels. A talk by Ham and Petersham Street Champions

Solar PV Panels. A talk by Ham and Petersham Street Champions Solar PV Panels A talk by Solar PV Panels An Overview: Chris Photovoltaics PHOTO = Light VOLTAIC = Electric Solar PV panels capture the sun's energy and convert the sunlight into electricity. On-Roof PV

More information

SOLAR PV STANDARD ELECTRICAL PLAN Microinverter Systems for Single Family Dwellings

SOLAR PV STANDARD ELECTRICAL PLAN Microinverter Systems for Single Family Dwellings *** Provide this document to the inspector along with ALL system installation instructions *** Project Address: Scope: Standard plan for the installation of grounded microinverter solar PV systems, not

More information

Solar energy is available as long as the sun shines, but its intensity depends on weather conditions and geographic

Solar energy is available as long as the sun shines, but its intensity depends on weather conditions and geographic Solar Energy What is Solar Energy? The radiation from the sun gives our planet heat and light. All living things need energy from the sun to survive. More energy from sunlight strikes the earth in one

More information

6 YEAR * PAYBACK A GUIDE TO DOMESTIC RENEWABLE HEAT INCENTIVE (RHI) SOLAR THERMAL SOLUTIONS

6 YEAR * PAYBACK A GUIDE TO DOMESTIC RENEWABLE HEAT INCENTIVE (RHI) SOLAR THERMAL SOLUTIONS 6 YEAR * PAYBACK A GUIDE TO DOMESTIC RENEWABLE HEAT INCENTIVE () SOLAR THERMAL SOLUTIONS RENEWABLE HEAT INCENTIVE KINGSPAN SOLAR RENEWABLE HEAT INCENTIVE () EXPLAINED The Renewable Heat Incentive is intended

More information

Handy Solar Solution. The. AC Unison. The High Performance Integrated AC Module Solution

Handy Solar Solution. The. AC Unison. The High Performance Integrated AC Module Solution The Handy Solar Solution The High Performance Integrated AC Module Solution Time to go solar Going solar provides significant financial and environmental benefits: It is the right and smart thing to do.

More information

e-factsheet Feed-in Tariffs what we have to offer

e-factsheet Feed-in Tariffs what we have to offer e-factsheet Feed-in Tariffs what we have to offer 2 of 12 Feed-in Tariffs (FITs) make renewable generation more financially rewarding for smaller installations and help reduce the UK s carbon emissions.

More information

Ver.19 December 17, 2013. Program & Document Principles DOCUMENT INTENT, OBJECTIVES & MANAGEMENT. PART I Definitions, Overview & Objectives

Ver.19 December 17, 2013. Program & Document Principles DOCUMENT INTENT, OBJECTIVES & MANAGEMENT. PART I Definitions, Overview & Objectives PSEG Long Island SOLAR PIONEER & SOLAR ENTREPRENEUR PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR INSTALLATION CONTRACTORS Rules & Procedures for Solar PV Systems Production Estimating & Rebate Determination Ver.19

More information

Church Solar PV Scheme

Church Solar PV Scheme Diocese of Truro Church Solar PV Scheme Discovering God s Kingdom, Growing the Church Option 1 100% Purchase Solar PV This option is aimed at any parish that has the capital to invest in the whole system

More information

Solar systems provide a range of flexible heating

Solar systems provide a range of flexible heating f a c t s h e e t 7 Solar Power Production photo by Alex Nikada Why solar? Solar systems provide a range of flexible heating and electricity options and are particularly wellsuited to remote or off-grid

More information

One. Invest with confidence Smart Solar Inverter Solutions. solarinvertersolutions.com. Residential, commercial and large scale applications

One. Invest with confidence Smart Solar Inverter Solutions. solarinvertersolutions.com. Residential, commercial and large scale applications MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE Invest with confidence Smart Solar Inverter Solutions Residential, commercial and large scale applications One inverter supplier of reliable, flexible and user friendly inverter

More information

Gross/Active PV Surface Area: 13.094,40 / 13.086,29 m². Energy Produced by PV Array (AC):

Gross/Active PV Surface Area: 13.094,40 / 13.086,29 m². Energy Produced by PV Array (AC): 1x17 1x17 1x 8 x Trina Solar Trina TSM-PC5A 6 6 W 5 ; x Danfoss Solar Inverters TLX 1,5k 1,5kW Location: Arrondissement d'issoire Climate Data Record: Arrondissement d'issoire PV Output:.8, kwp Gross/Active

More information

Renewable Energy Guidance & Application Form

Renewable Energy Guidance & Application Form RESOURCES Portfolio Renewable Energy & Application Form July 2013 Revision 0 Contents Section Page 1 Purpose 3 2 Scope 3 3 Background 3 4 4 Application Form 6 2 1 Purpose 1.1 This guidance note and application

More information

Additional Solar System Information and Resources

Additional Solar System Information and Resources Additional Solar System Information and Resources Background information a. Roughly 400 schools in NJ already have solar systems, producing more than 91 MW, out of approximately 2500 K- 12 schools in NJ.

More information

MORE POWER. A BETTER INVESTMENT.

MORE POWER. A BETTER INVESTMENT. SUNPOWERCORP.COM US HEADQUARTERS SunPower Corporation 3939 N. 1st Street San Jose, California 95134 USA 1-800-SUNPOWER sunpowercorp.com MORE POWER. A BETTER INVESTMENT. Established Incorporated in 1985

More information

Irradiance. Solar Fundamentals Solar power investment decision making

Irradiance. Solar Fundamentals Solar power investment decision making Solar Fundamentals Solar power investment decision making Chilean Solar Resource Assessment Antofagasta and Santiago December 2010 Edward C. Kern, Jr., Ph.D., Inc. Global Solar Radiation Solar Power is

More information

SOLAR FARM KITS Off grid/battery backup

SOLAR FARM KITS Off grid/battery backup SOLAR FARM KITS Off grid/battery backup BROCHURE 2012 Solar Farm kits Pty Ltd 30 Justin Ave North Tamborine QLD 4272 P: 1300 695 928 M: 0432 050 824 E: eddie@solarfarmkits.com.au W: www.solarfarmkits.com.au

More information

We help businesses utilise the benefits of solar energy to reduce electricity costs. For Free.

We help businesses utilise the benefits of solar energy to reduce electricity costs. For Free. HARNESS Helping businesses benefit from solar energy to reduce electricity costs. For Free. We help businesses utilise the benefits of solar energy to reduce electricity costs. For Free. REI funds, develops,

More information

GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR PV SYSTEMS. Design Guidelines for Accredited Installers NO BATTERY STORAGE. January 2013 (Effective 1 February 2013)

GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR PV SYSTEMS. Design Guidelines for Accredited Installers NO BATTERY STORAGE. January 2013 (Effective 1 February 2013) GRID-CONNECTED SOLAR PV SYSTEMS NO BATTERY STORAGE Design Guidelines for Accredited Installers January 2013 (Effective 1 February 2013) These guidelines have been developed by Clean Energy Council. They

More information

predictive energy modeling with solarworld and pvsyst America s Authority on Solar

predictive energy modeling with solarworld and pvsyst America s Authority on Solar predictive energy modeling with solarworld and pvsyst America s Authority on Solar SolarWorld PVsyst Results 1 introduction As one of the largest and most established vertically integrated photovoltaics

More information

We're with you... solar. Call 1800 332 332 today FOR THE LIFE OF THE SYSTEM YEAR WARRANTY * YEAR OLD BACKED BY CSR BRADFORD CSR A AUSTRALIAN COMPANY

We're with you... solar. Call 1800 332 332 today FOR THE LIFE OF THE SYSTEM YEAR WARRANTY * YEAR OLD BACKED BY CSR BRADFORD CSR A AUSTRALIAN COMPANY We're with you... FOR THE LIFE OF THE SYSTEM 25 YEAR WARRANTY * Electricity prices are predicted to continue to rise in the future. If you're serious about installing energy in your home, look no further

More information

Power$aver TM Program

Power$aver TM Program Power$aver TM Program RESIDENTIAL SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) INCENTIVE PROGRAM GUIDELINES These guidelines govern the procedures and qualifications for incentives under the Austin Energy Residential Solar

More information

Highly Efficient Power Conditioning System for Large Photovoltaic Generation Systems

Highly Efficient Power Conditioning System for Large Photovoltaic Generation Systems Hitachi Review Vol. 62 (213), No. 1 65 Highly Efficient Power Conditioning System for Large Photovoltaic Generation Systems Kosho Aikawa Hisayuki Magoroku Hiroaki Miyata Hiroshi Ikarashi Chiaki Nagaoka

More information

Improving performance, securing returns. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS

Improving performance, securing returns. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS Improving performance, securing returns. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS EVERYTHING YOU NEED FOR SMOOTH OPERATIONS. We put together your total care package Maimum yield from optimal

More information

Smart Embedded Systems for Solar Energy Stations. Copyright 2016 Axiomtek Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved

Smart Embedded Systems for Solar Energy Stations. Copyright 2016 Axiomtek Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved Smart Embedded Systems for Solar Energy Stations Copyright 2016 Axiomtek Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved Abstract In order to mitigate the effects of global warming, many countries have made ambitious plans

More information

Guide to Installing a Solar Electric System

Guide to Installing a Solar Electric System Guide to Installing a Solar Electric System PHOTO CREDIT: BROTHERS ELECTRIC AND SOLAR This guide is designed to provide Seattle City Light customers with information on grid-connected solar electric systems.

More information

Bankable Data and Interoperability Standards

Bankable Data and Interoperability Standards Alternative Energy E Magazine emagazine Issue Oct / Nov 2012 http://sunspec.org/bankable- data- interoperability- standards/ Bankable Data and Interoperability Standards Data quality derives from the combination

More information

Solar Energy. An Enlightened Energy Choice. A Smart Financial Decision. Residential Solar Electric Systems

Solar Energy. An Enlightened Energy Choice. A Smart Financial Decision. Residential Solar Electric Systems Solar Energy An Enlightened Energy Choice A Smart Financial Decision Residential Solar Electric Systems A Choice That s Economically and Ecologically Sound Consider the fact that there is enough potential

More information

What are the basic electrical safety issues and remedies in solar photovoltaic installations?

What are the basic electrical safety issues and remedies in solar photovoltaic installations? What are the basic electrical safety issues and remedies in solar photovoltaic installations? Presented by: Behzad Eghtesady City of Los Angeles Department of Building and Safety Topics Covered Photovoltaic

More information

Netshield Solar Tracker NPVT5

Netshield Solar Tracker NPVT5 Netshield Solar Tracker NPVT5 5.3kW 24 Panel Automatic Dual Axis Solar Tracker Array Solar trackers are used to minimize the angle of incidence between the incoming light from the sun and a photovoltaic

More information

SHARP SOLAR Frequently Asked Questions for PV Integrators Revised 05/04/2010

SHARP SOLAR Frequently Asked Questions for PV Integrators Revised 05/04/2010 SHARP SOLAR Frequently Asked Questions for PV Integrators Revised 05/04/2010 How do I determine the PTC rating of a module? PTC refers to PVUSA Test Conditions, which were developed to test and compare

More information

Replacing Fuel With Solar Energy

Replacing Fuel With Solar Energy Replacing Fuel With Solar Energy Analysis by Michael Hauke, RSA Engineering January 22, 2009 The Right Place for Solar Energy Harvesting solar energy at South Pole can reduce the fuel consumption needed

More information

Community Solar Roof Guide

Community Solar Roof Guide Community Solar Roof Guide Installing a community owned solar roof has become a reality in the UK since the introduction of the Feed-in-Tariff in April 2010, which pays renewable energy generators a premium

More information

Introduction for Photovoltaic Power System Test in China. Zou Xinjing Institute of Electrical Engineering Chinese Academy of Sciences Nov.

Introduction for Photovoltaic Power System Test in China. Zou Xinjing Institute of Electrical Engineering Chinese Academy of Sciences Nov. Introduction for Photovoltaic Power System Test in China Zou Xinjing Institute of Electrical Engineering Chinese Academy of Sciences Nov. 6, 2012 Content Testing Status of PV power systems in China Test

More information

Photovoltaic Systems II EE 446/646

Photovoltaic Systems II EE 446/646 Photovoltaic Systems II EE 446/646 Components of a grid-connected residential PV system (net meter) The inverter contains: Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) MPPT and Circuitry to disconnect the PV

More information

Buckinghamshire Energy Strategy. Westmill wind and solar cooperative site visit report

Buckinghamshire Energy Strategy. Westmill wind and solar cooperative site visit report Buckinghamshire Energy Strategy Westmill wind and solar cooperative site visit report i Contents This document... 1 Westmill Wind... 2 Project background... 2 Details of the turbines and their outputs...

More information

Sample calculation with SUNNY DESIGN

Sample calculation with SUNNY DESIGN Sample calculation with SUNNY DESIGN www.sunnydesignweb.com SMA Solar Technology AG Sonnenallee 1 34266 Niestetal Project name: Sunny Boy 2.5 kw -Self-consumption --- Grid voltage: 230V (230V / 400V) System

More information

GUIDE ON HOW TO GET YOUR GRID CONNECTED SOLAR SYSTEM INSTALLED. What is Solar Electricity?

GUIDE ON HOW TO GET YOUR GRID CONNECTED SOLAR SYSTEM INSTALLED. What is Solar Electricity? Century Solar Energy ABN: 32 154 280 172 Tel: 1300 886 903 Fax: 1300 851 075 10/54 BEACH ST KOGARAH NSW 2217 Website: http://www. csesolar.com.au Email: info@csesolar.com.au GUIDE ON HOW TO GET YOUR GRID

More information

The days of cheap abundant electricity are over! This article forms part

The days of cheap abundant electricity are over! This article forms part Solar Power for Metal Finishers By Helmut Hertzog of Atlantic Solar The days of cheap abundant electricity are over! This article forms part of a series of articles where we will explore the possibility

More information

Virginia Solar Co-op FAQs

Virginia Solar Co-op FAQs Solar Basics How do solar panels work? Photovoltaic cells convert the energy from the sun into electricity and are arranged together to form solar panels. The inverters then convert the electricity generated

More information

Solar Energy Opportunities for the Australian Nursery Industry

Solar Energy Opportunities for the Australian Nursery Industry Solar Energy Opportunities for the Australian Nursery Industry Introduction Solar energy is a freely available source of renewable energy that is suitable for utilisation at almost all locations in Australia.

More information

LEHI CITY POWER NET METERING STANDARDS For Customer-Owned Electric Generating Systems

LEHI CITY POWER NET METERING STANDARDS For Customer-Owned Electric Generating Systems LEHI CITY POWER NET METERING STANDARDS For Customer-Owned Electric Generating Systems A. General This Net Metering Standard for Customer-Owned Grid Connected Electric Generating Systems sets forth the

More information

Solar Energy Systems. Matt Aldeman Senior Energy Analyst Center for Renewable Energy Illinois State University

Solar Energy Systems. Matt Aldeman Senior Energy Analyst Center for Renewable Energy Illinois State University Solar Energy Solar Energy Systems Matt Aldeman Senior Energy Analyst Center for Renewable Energy Illinois State University 1 SOLAR ENERGY OVERVIEW 1) Types of Solar Power Plants 2) Describing the Solar

More information

Training Systems for Renewable Energies. Acquiring Practical Skills and Project-oriented Expertise

Training Systems for Renewable Energies. Acquiring Practical Skills and Project-oriented Expertise Training Systems for Renewable Energies Acquiring Practical Skills and Project-oriented Expertise Qualifications through Quality Inexhaustible, sustainable, real the future is green The move away from

More information

Experience the power of the sun from home Residential On-Grid Solar Energy Home Systems PV Kits

Experience the power of the sun from home Residential On-Grid Solar Energy Home Systems PV Kits HELPING YOU HARVEST CLEAN ENERGY Experience the power of the sun from home Residential On-Grid Solar Energy Home Systems PV Kits HELPING YOU HARVEST CLEAN ENERGY Residential On-Grid PV Kits How it works

More information

Solar Power Generation Net Metering

Solar Power Generation Net Metering Solar Power Generation Net Metering [Type text] Page 1 of 16 NET METERING 1) Net metering is the concept which records net energy between export of generated energy and import of Discom energy for a billing

More information

Commercial Outlook for Solar Power Generation

Commercial Outlook for Solar Power Generation Commercial Outlook for Solar Power Generation International Conference on Alternative Energy 2010 March 27, 2010 Karachi Expo Center Nadeem Haque Nadeem Haque Energy Potential Inc. Topics 1. Market Scenario

More information

CertainTeed SOLAR. Solar From A Proven Source

CertainTeed SOLAR. Solar From A Proven Source CertainTeed SOLAR Solar From A Proven Source Solar Makes $ense The number of homeowners going solar has increased by an average of every year for the last 10 years. About half a million homeowners in the

More information