Units of Study 7 th Grade English Language Arts. Year at a Glance

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1 Units of Study 7 th Grade English Language Arts The Big Ideas in English Language Arts that drive instruction: Independent thinkers construct meaning through language. Through literacy experiences, we discover personal values, build self-awareness, and gain an appreciation of a variety of perspectives to have a more meaningful and enjoyable life. English Language Arts helps us use a variety of literacy experiences to gain insight and effectively express ourselves to the world. Year at a Glance Reading Writing Skills Assessed 1 st Six Weeks Life Lessons Relevant Read Reading Strategies Levels of Questions 2 nd Six Weeks Slice of Life Slice of Life (Similar to the Occasional Paper) 3 rd Six Weeks Research (Open topic) Nonfiction 4 th Six Weeks Traditions Mythology, Folk Tale, Fairy Tales, Fables Assertion/Support (Thesis/Support) Writing on Demand Writing Trait Focus Writing Trait Organization Main Idea / Summary Writing Trait - Elaboration Text Structure -Cause/Effect Research Skills Presentation Skills Writing Trait - Voice Writing Trait - Style Sentence Structure 5 th Six Weeks Short Story Short Story Writing Trait - Conventions Inferences Figurative Language 6 th Six Weeks Utopia Perspectives Literary Analysis Literary Analysis/Elements Textual Evidence

2 Thematic Unit Multi-genre Life Lessons BIG IDEA: Readers utilize strategies to interact with the text and determine meaning. Relevant Read 7.15A write to express, discover, record, develop, reflect on ideas, and to problem solve 7.11A offer observations, make connections, react, speculate, interpret, and raise questions in response to texts. Reading Strategies - Connect - Visualize - Predict - Clarify - Question - Evaluate Three Levels of Questions 7.11C support responses by referring to relevant aspects of text and his/her own experiences 7.10A use his/her own knowledge and experience to comprehend 7.10B monitor his/her own comprehension and make modifications when understanding breaks down 7.10C describe mental images that text descriptions evoke 7.10K answer different types and levels of questions such as openended, literal and interpretative 7.10M use study strategies to learn and recall important ideas from texts such as preview, question, reread, and record Readers interact with the text as they read. Applying reading strategies helps with comprehension. Skills How do I apply reading strategies when my comprehension breaks down and I don t understand what I read? Thematic How do life experiences change people? Can negative life experiences ever have a positive impact? A relevant read requires the writer to find profound quotes in the literature they are reading and form an essay responding and relating to the quote or quotes. Thinking of similarities between the descriptions in the selection and what you have personally experienced, heard about or read about is connecting. Clarifying is stopping occasionally to review what you understand and expecting to have your understanding change and develop as you read. Question what happens as you read. Search for reasons behind events and characters feelings. Trying to figure out what will happen next and how the selection might end is predicting. Apply reading strategies when reading a Monitor their own reading and utilize fix-it strategies when comprehension breaks down. Identify and create the three levels of questions. Write a relevant read essay expressing how they can connect to a literary piece and give textual evidence to support their ideas. Visualizing is creating images in your mind as you read. Developing opinions or ideas about the characters, events, and concepts in what you read is evaluating. 3 Levels of Questions - Introduction Level 1 can find the direct answer in the text Level 2 must make an inference and use textual evidence to support the answer Level 3 thematic question students can answer without having read the

3 TOPIC: Genre Slice of Life Unit of Study BIG IDEA: Writers immerse themselves with models of the type of writing they want to attempt and draw inferences about what makes that genre successful. Slice of life Trait Focus Trait Organization Main Idea Summary By determining successful characteristics in a particular genre, students can also write an effective paper in that genre. Writers need to keep a piece of writing focused to help with clarity and understanding. The organization of a piece of writing is determined by the meaning the writer wants to convey. Determining the main idea and/or summary of a text helps a reader discover the overall meaning of the 7.15A write to express, discover, record, develop, reflect on ideas, and to problem solve 7.15H produce cohesive and coherent written texts by organizing ideas, using effective transitions, and choosing precise wording 7.18B develop drafts by categorizing ideas, organizing them into paragraphs, and blending paragraphs within larger units of texts. 7.18D revise drafts for coherence, progression, and logical support of ideas 7.10F determine a text s main (or major ideas) and how those ideas are supported with details 7.10G paraphrase and summarize text to recall, inform, or organize ideas Skill What organizational strategy will best convey the meaning of my writing and why? Genre How has reading and writing slice of life text given you insight into your own life? How is slice of life writing used and applied in the larger world? Slice of life writing is usually written in a narrative mode to share an everyday life experience with other people. Focus and coherence is choosing an appropriate topic, having a purpose, and a sense of completeness. A cohesive piece of writing carries a theme throughout a piece of writing, tying it all together so that the writing flows and connects. Organization is when a paper contains a hook or lead, sentence to sentence connections, paragraph to paragraph progression and a closing. The order and logic of the paper makes sense. A hook or lead is the opening lines of a piece of writing. Examples of hooks include: dialogue, questions, action statements, wondering thoughts, descriptions, and quotations. The conclusion of a piece of writing should tie up the writing, bring it to a sense of closure, and possibly include a statement of discovery or learning. Transitions connect different ideas, tie paragraphs or sentences together, and allow a piece of writing to flow smoothly. The main idea is what the paragraph or passage is mostly about or the most important idea the writer is trying to state. A summary is a short restatement of a literary piece which includes the main points and concepts of the selection. Read models of slice of life writing and determine characteristics of the genre. Recognize organizational strategies in various literary texts. Write a slice of life piece using the writing process. Make sure the written slice of life piece is focused on one topic. Determine what organizational strategy will best convey the meaning of the piece. Use effective transitions to progress the reader through the Demonstrate the ability to read a text and determine the main idea. Identify details supporting the main idea of a selection. Demonstrate the ability to read a text and write an appropriate summary.

4 TOPIC: Genre Assertion/Support - Research BIG IDEA: Inquiry and research help people discover new information, formulate questions, and become critical thinkers while making decisions. Speaking - Research - Assertion/Support Trait - Elaboration Cause/Effect (Text Structure) Presentation Skills - Volume/Rate/Pitch - Eye Contact Note-taking - T-Chart - Roundtable - Picture This Questioning - Define relevant question Thesis Statement - Compare different authors viewpoints Documentation - Use of parenthetical documentation - Bibliography (3 sources) Writing is a tool for learning and research. Research helps people make well-informed decisions. People must always document information to avoid plagiarizing someone else s work. Writers must research in order to write knowledgeably about a topic. 7.15C write to inform such as to explain, describe, report, and narrate 7.10E use the text s main (or major ideas) and how those ideas are supported with details 7.10 G paraphrase and summarize text to recall, inform, or organize ideas 7.10E use the text s structure or progression of ideas such as cause and effect or chronology to locate and recall information 7.12I analyze ways authors organize and present ideas such as through cause/effect, compare/contrast, inductively, deductively, or chronologically 7.13A form and revise questions for investigations 7.13B use text organizers, including headings, graphic features, and tables of contents to locate and organize information 7.13C use multiple sources, including electronic texts, experts, and print resources, to locate information relevant to research questions 7.13D interpret and use graphic sources of information such as maps, graphs, timelines, or tables to address research questions 7.13E summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking notes, outlining ideas, and making charts 7.13F produce research projects and reports in effective formats 7.13G draw conclusions from information gathered from multiple sources 7.20A frame questions to direct research 7.20C take notes from relevant and authoritative sources such as guest speakers, periodicals, and on-line sources 7.20D summarize and organize ideas gained from multiple sources in useful ways such as outlines, conceptual maps, learning logs, & timelines 7.20G follow accepted formats for writing research, including documenting sources Skill How does research make me a better reader, writer, and thinker? Why is it important to always document sources where information is found? An assertion/support paper takes a position and uses textual evidence or research to prove the assertion. A relevant question is a question that is connected to the topic and promotes further research. Parenthetical documentation cites the source where the writer found the research by putting the author s name and page number in parentheses after the researched information. Two events are related as cause and effect when one event brings about the other. The event that happens first is the cause; the one that follows is the effect. Elaborating in a piece of writing and giving enough examples, explanations, facts, reasons, details, and descriptions to fully support each thought or point is called ideas. Identify cause and effects and analyze articles written with this text structure. Big 6 Research - Define a relevant question in research. - Determine a research topic and questions - Find relevant sources and information about the topic - Utilize note-taking strategies (T-Chart, Roundtable, Picture This) to summarize/paraphrase information. - Compare and contrast different author s viewpoints on the topic. - Identify the thesis statement in a variety of articles. Write an assertion/support paper incorporating and documenting researched information. Elaborate appropriately with the assertion/support paper. Present information and use appropriate speaking skills.

5 TOPIC: Thematic Mythology Writing on Demand BIG IDEA: Writers utilize a variety of tools to convey meaning. Proficient readers analyze the various aspects of the writing to help them find meaning and relevancy in the Writing on Demand Trait Voice Trait Style Sentence Structure - Subordinate Clauses - Adjective Clause - Adverbial Clause - Appositive Phrases Writers must utilize a variety of tools to create voice and style in writing. Writers utilize a variety a sentence structures to better convey meaning. Because times arise when we must write on demand over a specific topic, writers must develop a toolbox of strategies to help them write to specific prompts. The personality and distinct way of talking on paper that allow a reader to hear a human personality in a piece of writing is voice. Sentence fluency and word choice help to create the style of a writer. Sentence fluency includes rhythmic or flowing sentences that are easy to read, varied sentence length, and effective sentence structures. Word choice incorporates just right language relying on strong verbs and precise nouns. It creates word pictures in the head of the reader. A subordinating clause is a clause that begins with a subordinating word (like because or although), causing it to become a dependent clause. A complex sentence has one or more dependent clauses and an independent clause. A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb phrase. A dependent clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone. An adjective clause is a clause that describes a noun or pronoun. An adverb clause is a clause that modifies a verb. An appositive phrase is a sentence part that identifies persons, places, or things. It usually begins with a, an or the. They answer the questions: Who is this person? What is this place? What is this thing? A folk tale is a simple story that has been passed from generation to generation by word of mouth. They are told to entertain rather than to explain or teach a lesson. A fable is a brief tale that teaches a lesson about human nature. A myth is a traditional story, usually of unknown authorship, that answers basic questions about the world. They attempt to explain such things as human nature, the origin of the world, mysteries of nature, and social customs. 7.15F choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing, including journals, letters, editorials, reviews, poems, presentations, narratives, reports, and instructions 7.15 E select and use voice and style appropriate to audience and purpose 7.18E edit drafts for specific purposes such as to ensure standard usage, varied sentence structure, and appropriate word choice 7.15G use literary devices effectively such as suspense, dialogue, and figurative language 7.17B write in complete sentences, varying the types such as compound and complex, and use of appropriately punctuated dependent and independent clauses. 7.17D use adjectives and adverbs appropriately to make writing vivid or precise 7.12E understand literary forms by recognizing and distinguishing among such types of text as stories, poems, myths, fables, tall tales, limericks, plays, biographies, and autobiographies Skill How would I describe my own voice and style when writing? How does changing the structure of a sentence impact the meaning of a piece of writing? Genre Why is it important to study mythology, folk tales, and fairy tales? How are the genres important to our culture? Read models of myths, folk tales, and fables and determine characteristics of the genres. Describe how these genres have contributed to our culture and society. Analyze how authors achieve style and voice in literature through sentence fluency, word choice, figurative language, sound devices, imagery, dialogue, and point of view. Write an essay that responds to a TAKS-like prompt. Use the revision process to review the writing strategies they have learned this year in preparation for the February TAKS test. Demonstrate a unique voice and style the piece of writing. Write complex sentences utilizing subordinate clauses to enhance their writing. Utilize adjective and adverbial clauses and appositive phrases to enhance their writing.

6 TOPIC: Genre Short Story Unit of Study BIG IDEA: Writers utilize a variety of tools to convey meaning. Proficient readers analyze the various aspects of the writing to help them find meaning and relevancy in the Writing Short Story Trait - Conventions Inferences Figurative Language - Repetition - Simile - Personification 7.15D write to entertain such a to compose humorous poems o short stories 7.17B write in complete sentences, varying the types such as compound and complex, and use of appropriately punctuated dependent clauses and independent clauses 7.18E edit drafts for specific purposes such as o ensure standard usage, varied sentence structure, and appropriate word choice 7.15G use literary devices effectively such as suspense, dialogue, and figurative language 7.10H draw inferences such as conclusions or generalizations and support them with text evidence and experience Figurative language helps the reader better experience the writing and understand the meaning of the text by producing images in a reader s mind to express ideas in fresh vivid, and imaginative ways. Sound devices give rhythm to writing and appeal to the emotions of the reader. Skills How can I use figurative language to enhance my own writing? Thematic What are the characteristics of a successful short story? A reader must make inferences while reading to better understand the deeper meaning of the A short story is a fictional narrative that can usually be read in one sitting. Making an inference is using the clues in the text to draw a conclusion about what you read. A simile is a comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words like or as. Personification is a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics. Repetition is the deliberate use of any element of language more than once sound, word, phrase, sentence, grammatical pattern, or rhythmical pattern. Read models of short stories and analyze plot development and figurative language. Make inferences and draw conclusions while reading pieces of Identify figurative language within text and discuss how it contributes to the meaning and effectiveness of the Write a short story utilizing the elements of plot development, figurative language, and establishing their own voice and style. Edit the short story for conventions. Conventions refer to the appropriate use of grammar, usage, and mechanics.

7 TOPIC: Thematic Multi-genre - Perspectives BIG IDEA: Analyzing text for meaning can help us learn how to analyze our own lives and become critical thinkers. Writing Literary Analysis Literary Analysis - Characterization (Static/Dynamic) - Protagonist - Antagonist - Point of View (1 st & 3 rd ) - Mood Textual Evidence - Finding appropriate quotes - Explaining how the quote connects 7.15B write to influence such as to persuade, argue, and request 7.11D connect, compare, and contrast ideas, themes, and issues across text 7.12F analyze characters, including their traits, motivations, conflicts, points of view, relationships and changes they undergo. 7.12H describe how the author s perspective or point of view affects the 7.12K recognize how style, tone, and mood contribute to the effect of 7.11C support responses by referring to relevant aspects of text and his/her own experiences Breaking down a text and analyzing the elements can help us determine the meaning of the Readers need to defend analysis and reactions to literature by finding and explaining appropriate text evidence to support their ideas. Finding themes in literature help make reading relevant and change lives by altering thinking. Skills How can literature impact our own lives? How does analyzing a piece of literature help me determine the meaning? Thematic Why is it important to consider and understand multiple perspectives in the world? The protagonist is the central character of a drama, novel, short story, or narrative poem. The antagonist is the character who stands directly opposed to the protagonist. A dynamic character changes and develops as the story progresses. A static character does not change throughout the story s events. First person is when the story is told by one of the characters. Second person is when you tell the story. Third person is when the story is told by an outside narrator not appearing the story. Analyze the various literary elements within literature and discuss how they contribute to the theme and the effectiveness of the piece. Write literary analysis responses while giving relevant textual evidence to support their responses. Elaborate appropriately within the written literary analysis paper. Analyze and recognize how different genres can all connect to a similar theme. The mood is the atmosphere or predominate emotion in a literary work. Finding textual evidence means using direct words from the text to support ideas. The central message of a literary work is theme.

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