VIIIB 8 VIIIB 9 VIIIB 10

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1 Atomic Masses (amu) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB 0 IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA.00 e.00 Li. Be.0 B 0. C.0 N.0 O.00 F.00 0 Ne 0. Na. Mg. Al. Si.0 P 0. S.0 Cl. Ar. K.0 0 Ca 0.0 Sc. Ti. V 0. Cr.00 Mn. Fe. Co. Ni. Cu. 0 Zn. Ga. Ge. As. Se. Br.0 Kr.0 Rb. Sr. Y. 0 Zr. Nb. Mo. Tc. Ru 0.0 Rh 0. Pd 0. Ag 0. Cd. In. 0 Sn. Sb. Te.0 I.0 Xe. Cs. Ba. La. f. Ta 0. W. Re. Os 0. Ir. Pt.0 Au. 0 g 00. Tl 0. Pb 0. Bi 0. Po 0. At 0. Rn.0 Fr.0 Ra.0 Ac.0 0 Rf. 0 Db. 0 Sg. 0 Bh. 0 s. 0 Mt. 0 Ds Rg Cn Ce 0. Pr 0. 0 Nd. Pm. Sm 0. Eu. Gd. Tb. Dy.0 o. Er. Tm. 0 Yb.0 Lu. 0 Th.0 Pa.0 U.0 Np.0 Pu.0 Am.0 Cm.0 Bk.0 Cf.0 Es.0 00 Fm.0 0 Md.0 0 No.0 0 Lr.

2 Element Names IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB 0 IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA hydrogen e helium Li lithium Be beryllium B boron C carbon N nitrogen O oxygen F fluorine 0 Ne neon Na sodium Mg magnesium Al aluminum Si silicon P phosphorus S sulfur Cl chlorine Ar argon K potassium 0 Ca calcium Sc scandium Ti titanium V vanadium Cr chromium Mn manganese Fe iron Co cobalt Ni nickel Cu copper 0 Zn zinc Ga gallium Ge germanium As arsenic Se selenium Br bromine Kr krypton Rb rubidium Sr strontium Y yttrium 0 Zr zirconium Nb niobium Mo molybdenum Tc technetium Ru ruthenium Rh rhodium Pd palladium Ag silver Cd cadmium In indium 0 Sn tin Sb antimony Te tellurium I iodine Xe xenon Cs cesium Ba barium La lanthanum f hafnium Ta tantalum W tungsten Re rhenium Os osmium Ir iridium Pt platinum Au gold 0 g mercury Tl thallium Pb lead Bi bismuth Po polonium At astatine Rn radon Fr francium Ra radium Ac actinium 0 Rf rutherfordium 0 Db dubnium 0 Sg seaborgium 0 Bh bohrium 0 s hassium 0 Mt meitnerium 0 Ds darmstadtium Rg roentgenium Cn copernicium Ce cerium Pr praseodymium 0 Nd neodymium Pm promethium Sm samarium Eu europium Gd gadolinium Tb terbium Dy dysprosium o holmium Er erbium Tm thulium 0 Yb ytterbium Lu lutetium 0 Th thorium Pa protactinium U uranium Np neptunium Pu plutonium Am americium Cm curium Bk berkelium Cf californium Es einsteinium 00 Fm fermium 0 Md mendelevium 0 No nobelium 0 Lr lawrencium

3 Classification of the Elements IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB 0 IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA e Li Be B C N O F 0 Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K 0 Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu 0 Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Rb Sr Y 0 Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In 0 Sn Sb Te I Xe Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au 0 g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac 0 Rf 0 Db 0 Sg 0 Bh 0 s 0 Mt 0 Ds Rg Cn Ce Pr 0 Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm 0 Yb Lu 0 Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es 00 Fm 0 Md 0 No 0 Lr

4 Group (Family) Names IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA 0 e 0 Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar 0 0 K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr 0 0 Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe 0 Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr group : alkali metals (except ) Ra group : alkaline earth metals Ac Rf Db Sg Bh s groups -: outer transition metals Mt Ds Rg Cn group : boron family group : carbon family group : nitrogen (pnictogen) family group : oxygen (chalcogen) family group : halogen family group : noble gas family lanthanoid and actinoid series: inner transition metals 0 0 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm Yb Lu Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr

5 Electronegativity (Pauling) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA 0 e Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Rf Db Sg Bh s Mt Ds Rg Cn Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm Yb Lu

6 Electron Affinity (kj/mol) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA 0 e Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Rf Db Sg Bh s Mt Ds Rg Cn 0 0 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm Yb Lu

7 First Ionization Energy (kj/mol) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA 0 e Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Rf Db Sg Bh s Mt Ds Rg Cn 0 0 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm Yb Lu

8 Empirical Atomic Radii (pm) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA 0 e Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Rf Db Sg Bh s Mt Ds Rg Cn 0 0 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm Yb Lu

9 Covalent Radii (pm) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA 0 e Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Rf Db Sg Bh s Mt Ds Rg Cn 0 0 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm Yb Lu

10 van der Waals Radii (pm) IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA 0 e Cs Ba La f Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au g Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Rf Db Sg Bh s Mt Ds Rg Cn 0 0 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy o Er Tm Yb Lu

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