Lord of the Flies. Vocabulary. Directions Write the definition of each word. 1. Strident. 2. Grating - 3. Conch. 4. Tendril. 5.

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1 Vocabulary Directions Write the definition of each word. 1. Strident 2. Grating - 3. Conch 4. Tendril 5. Glimmer 6. Incredulously 7. Gnaw 8. Inarticulate 9. Covert 10. Heed 11. Uproarious 12. Skewer 13. Iridescent 14. Vex 15. Befoul

2 Vocabulary Directions Use each word in a sentence that demonstrates understanding of its meaning. 1. Strident 2. Grating - 3. Conch 4. Tendril 5. Glimmer 6. Incredulously 7. Gnaw 8. Inarticulate 9. Covert 10. Heed 11. Uproarious 12. Skewer 13. Iridescent 14. Vex 15. Befoul

3 Vocabulary Review Directions: The teacher will read the definition aloud and the student will identify the word and spell it correctly. 1. Strident loud, harsh, or shrill; discordant 2. Grating - irritating or unpleasant to one s feelings 3. Conch any of various tropical marine mollusks often having brightly colored spiral shells and edible flesh. 4. Tendril a twisting, threadlike structure by which a twining plant, such as a grape or cucumber, grasps and object or plant for support. 5. Glimmer a dim or intermittent flicker or flash of light. 6. Incredulously while skeptical, disbelieving 7. Gnaw to bite, chew on, or erode with the teeth. 8. Inarticulate uttered without the use of normal words or syllables. 9. Covert not openly practiced; hidden 10. Heed to pay attention to; listen and consider 11. Uproarious loud and full; hilarious 12. Skewer a long metal or wooden pin used to secure or suspend food during cooking 13. Iridescent producing rainbow-like colors 14. Vex to annoy or bother 15. Befoul to make dirty

4 Vocabulary Quiz Directions: Write the correct word on each line, spelled correctly. 1. loud, harsh, or shrill; discordant 2. - irritating or unpleasant to one s feelings 3. any of various tropical marine mollusks often having brightly colored spiral shells and edible flesh. 4. a twisting, threadlike structure by which a twining plant, such as a grape or cucumber, grasps and object or plant for support. 5. a dim or intermittent flicker or flash of light. 6. while skeptical, disbelieving 7. to bite, chew on, or erode with the teeth. 8. uttered without the use of normal words or syllables. 9. not openly practiced; hidden 10. to pay attention to; listen and consider 11. loud and full; hilarious 12. a long metal or wooden pin used to secure or suspend food during cooking 13. producing rainbow-like colors 14. to annoy or bother 15. to make dirty

5 Pre-Reading Exercise Learning Target: Explore the idea of leadership and the qualities that make a leader 1. Break students into groups of four or five. Tell them you are going to complete a project in groups. 2. Have each group elect a leader. This person will be in charge of the group and will assign the other work to each of the members of their group. 3. Ask each group whom they chose as their leader. 4. Inform students that the project is to explore the idea of leadership. Ask each group the following questions, charting their answers on the board: a. How was each group leader chosen? Did someone volunteer? Was there a vote? Did someone assign someone else to be the leader? b. Did everyone in the group know whom the leader would likely be before discussing it with the other members of their group? c. Was there more than one person who wanted to lead? If so, how was the disagreement settled? d. What qualities did each group member see in the student that made him or her seem to be worthy of leading the group? 5. Lead a class discussion on the qualities that determined whom the leader of each group would be. Are the criteria that the students chose for determining who would lead them legitimate? If not, why did they use them? Where do we get our ideas about what makes a good leader? What qualities should have been considered that were not?

6 Chapter One Learning Target: Interpret character dialogue and actions. 1. How would you describe the character called Piggy? How is he perceived by the boys, and how does he contribute to their survival almost immediately? 2. Does your perception of Jack change from when he is first introduced to when he is unable to kill the wild pig? If so, how? 3. If Jack s promise to himself after the incident with the pig is an example of foreshadowing, how do you think he will change during the novel? 4. When the children realize that they are alone on the island, what actions do they take? What do their actions suggest about them? 5. Even as the boys organize and try to form a civilized society, there is evidence that their true nature is savage. Give one example of this.

7 Chapter Two Learning Target: Recall important details in a literary text 1. What instrument do the boys use to start the signal fire? 2. Although the boys become disorganized during the building of the fire, there is evidence that they are still guided by a sense of morality. Give an example from the text that supports this claim. 3. What is your initial reaction to the incident with the signal fire? Who is to blame for what happens? 4. What specific details from the text support your claim in #3? 5. What is your opinion of Jack? Why might someone else have a different opinion of this character? 6. Although Piggy is the first boy to suggest that they come up with a way to increase their chances of being rescued, he is ignored. When Ralph suggests the same thing later, they agree to make a signal fire. Why do you think Piggy is ignored? What does this behavior suggest about the value system the boys are operating under?

8 Chapter Three Learning Target: Express a personal reaction to a text. 1. Select a passage of text from this chapter that you find interesting, and explain why it interests you. 2. Who is your least favorite character at this point in the novel? Explain why. 3. What is one question you would ask the author, William Golding, if you had the chance? 4. Which character can you relate to the most so far, and why? 5. What is happening to the relationship between Ralph and Jack, and why?

9 Chapter Four Learning Target: Analyze and interpret an image 1. What is symbolized by the hunters dancing wildly around the fire during the pig roast? 2. How does this image contrast with the image of Simon alone in the wilderness in the previous chapter? 3. What personal connections have you made with any of the characters or actions that affect the way you perceive the novel? 4. During the meetings, all the boys agree that work must be done in order for them to survive. How do most of the boys act when the actual work is being done? Give an example of how this scene mirrors society.

10 Chapter Five Learning Target: Identify rhetorical appeals in a work of fiction. 1. When Ralph attempts to convince the boys that there is no beast on the island, does he appeal mostly to logic or emotion? Support your answer with the text. 2. How does Jack s leadership style differ from Ralph s? Which of them seems to be a more effective leader? Explain your answer. 3. When the littlun claims to have seen the beast personally, do you find his explanation believable? Why or why not? Do most of the boys believe in the beast or not? Explain your answer. 4. Give an example of vivid, sensory detail from this chapter. 5. What does Jack promise to do if the beast does exist? 6. How does the meeting on the beach end, and what effect does this have on Ralph? Why do you think Ralph reacts the way he does? 7. How is the role of leadership beginning to change in the novel? Explain your answer. 8. If you had to guess at what the message/theme of the book is before reading the rest of the book, what would you guess the message/theme is, and why? 9. What is the tone during the meeting on the beach? Give two examples of diction that support your claim. 10. Identify one image that you think is most powerful in the novel so far, and explain why it so powerful.

11 Chapter Six Learning Target: Analyze a literary passage for diction and imagery. 1. Ralph is afraid to cross the walkway to the caves when he is with the boys, but, when he is alone, he begins to change. List three words, phrases, or images that indicate this change in Ralph. 2. The dead parachutist is an important image in the novel. As the image suggests, what is similar between what is happening with the boys on the island and what is happening in the rest of the world at the same time? 3. After Jack joins Ralph in the cave, the tone changes. Explain the change in tone, and give two examples of diction that support your explanation. 4. What do you think the beast symbolizes in this book? Explain your answer. 5. Give an example of figurative language from this chapter.

12 Chapter Seven Learning Target: Analyze how an author uses literary devices. 1. What is the tone of the novel during the hunting scene? Give two examples of diction that support your answer. 2. Although Ralph believes it is foolish to hunt at night, and that the beast does not exist, he agrees to go on the hunt for the beast at night. Explain what motivates him to do so. 3. Although Jack is kidding when he suggests that, next time, they use a littlun as the beast when they re-enact their hunt, the suggestion is disturbing. Why? 4. When Jack comes down from the mountain, what does he claim to have seen? Do you think Jack really believes in the beast? If he doesn t, why would he claim to have seen it? 5. What does the fact that the re-enactment of the hunt starts to get out of hand suggest about the boys? How have they changed since the beginning of the novel? 6. If Jack represents man s tendency toward savagery and violence, what does Ralph represent? Explain your answer. 7. Identify one image that you think is the most powerful so far in the story, and explain why it is so powerful.

13 Chapter Eight Learning Target: Analyze an image in a novel. 1. Give an example of how the experiences of the boys on the island mirror some aspect of contemporary society. 2. Simon imagines that the says that there is no escaping him, for he lies within all human beings. What do you think this quote means? 3. Why do you think most of the boys stayed loyal to Ralph when Jack urged them to reject him as leader, but, when the night fell, most of them sneaked away to Jack s camp? 4. In the scene where Simon discovers the, the setting is important. The last time Simon was in this clearing, what was he thinking about? What is he thinking about now? Why have things changed? 5. What aspects of Jack s personality cause him to be seen as a better leader than Ralph by the boys? How do Ralph s characteristics differ from Jack s? Which leader is most likely to increase the boys chance of survival, and why? 6. Which character do you like the most, Ralph or Jack? Explain your reasoning.

14 Chapter Nine Learning Target: Identify the theme in a novel. 1. In what ways does the scene where Simon discovers the parachutist s body contrast with the previous scene in which he discovered the? 2. In this chapter, Jack rises to an almost godlike status with the other boys, who act as his servants. What is the basis of Jack s power? 3. When Ralph asks Jack how he plans to sleep protected from the weather when he hasn t built any shelters, how does Jack respond? How is the behavior of Ralph and Jack in this scene symbolic? 4. What does Simon decide to do when he realizes that the beast is not real? 5. Some critics have suggested that Simon s character represents Jesus Christ. How is Simon similar to Christ? How is he different? 6. How do Ralph and Piggy respond when the members of Jack s tribe start dancing around the fire? 7. What theme do you see emerging in the novel? Provide three references to the text that support your answer.

15 Chapter Ten Learning Target: 1. In what way are Ralph and Piggy set apart from the other characters in the novel? 2. How do Ralph and Piggy feel about the death of Simon, and how does each character deal with his feelings? 3. What part of human nature do Ralph and Piggy represent? 4. In your opinion, what should Ralph do at this point in the novel? Explain your answer. 5. Ralph is isolated because he does not embrace the violence and barbarism that Jack embraces. Have you ever felt been rejected because you wanted to do the right thing, but everyone else wanted to do the wrong thing? If so, how did you feel? What did you do about it? 6. Besides Ralph, give another example of a character who seems isolated. On what basis have the others isolated him? 7. What does the outcome of the power struggle between Ralph and Jack suggest about the author s view of human nature?

16 Chapter Eleven Learning Target: Analyze symbolism and diction in a literary text. 1. Why does Ralph decide to take the conch shell when he and Piggy go to Jack s camp? 2. What is the significance of the conch shell being shattered when Piggy is killed? 3. When the two guards refuse to allow Ralph and Piggy to see Jack, what is the significance of the fact that they intentionally miss when they throw rocks at the two Ralph and Piggy? 4. The theme of the hunt has been important to the novel. What was the original purpose of the hunt? What is the purpose of the hunt at the end of chapter eleven? 5. It is significant that Roger is the character who kills Piggy. How are these two characters opposites of one another? What does each character represent? 6. Identify one word or phrase that has been repeated throughout the novel. Explain why this word or phrase is significant.

17 Chapter Twelve Learning Target: 1. What is your reaction to the appearance of the naval officer? List three adjectives you would use to describe him. 2. What is ironic about the naval officer s statement of disgust that English boys could abandon the rules of civilization so quickly? 3. What is ironic about the fire that caught the attention of the naval officer? 4. What has happened to Jack s power as a result of the arrival of the naval officer? Why has the naval officer s arrival had this impact? 5. What does the novel have to say about civilization and war? Support your answer with reference to the text. 6. What does the novel have to say about the nature of man? Support your answer with reference to the text. 7. Interpret this quote: Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy.

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