What is ecology? The study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "What is ecology? The study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment"

Transcription

1 Animal Adaptations

2 What is ecology? The study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment

3 Adaptations

4 How do adaptations help animals survive in their environment? An adaptation is a body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. Adaptation can help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. All animals are adapted to live in certain habitats. Animals that cannot adapt will die out.

5 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats.

6 We can separate adaptations into two categories: Physical AND Behavioral

7 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral

8 Physical adaptations are body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. Physical adaptations help an animal survive in its environment. A. Weinberg

9 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. help an animal survive in its environment

10 Physical adaptation Camouflage (use of color in a surrounding) The chameleon can change its color to match its surroundings. Can you do that?

11 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. help an animal survive in its environment Camouflage use of color in a surrounding

12 Physical adaptation Mimicry (looking or sounding like another living organism) The Viceroy butterfly uses mimicry to look like the Monarch butterfly. Can you tell them apart? I m the Viceroy! Not poisonous Poisonous I m the Monarch!

13 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. help an animal survive in its environment Camouflage use of color in a surrounding Mimicry (looking or sounding like another living organism)

14 Physical adaptation Chemical defenses (like venom, ink, sprays)

15 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. help an animal survive in its environment Camouflage use of color in a surrounding Mimicry (looking or sounding like another living organism) Chemical defenses (like venom, ink, sprays)

16 Physical adaptations Body coverings & parts (claws, beaks, feet, armor plates, skulls, teeth) The elephant s trunk is a physical adaptation that helps it to clean itself, eat, drink, and to pick things up.

17 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. help an animal survive in its environment Camouflage use of color in a surrounding Mimicry (looking or sounding like another living organism) Chemical defenses (like venom, ink, sprays) Body coverings & parts (claws, beaks, feet, armor plates, skulls, teeth)

18 Behavioral Adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs.

19 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. help an animal survive in its environment allow animals to respond to life needs. Camouflage use of color in a surrounding Mimicry (looking or sounding like another living organism) Chemical defenses (like venom, ink, sprays) Body coverings & parts (claws, beaks, feet, armor plates, skulls, teeth)

20 Behavioral Adaptations are animals actions. Remember that Physical Adaptations are body structures. Each organism has unique methods of adapting to its environment by means of different actions.

21 body part or behavior that helps an animal survive in a particular environment. help an animal breathe, catch food, or hide. adapted to live in certain habitats. Physical Behavioral body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. help an animal survive in its environment allow animals to respond to life needs. animals actions Camouflage use of color in a surrounding Mimicry (looking or sounding like another living organism) Chemical defenses (like venom, ink, sprays) Body coverings & parts (claws, beaks, feet, armor plates, skulls, teeth)

22 Homeostasis Maintenance of constant internal conditions in the face of a varying external environment. Examples: The thickening of fur in winter. The seeking of shade in heat. The production of more red blood cells at high altitude.

23 Maintenance of constant internal conditions in the face of a varying external environment

24 Endotherms vs. Ectotherms

25 Maintenance of constant internal conditions in the face of a varying external environment Endotherms Ectotherms

26 Endotherms Endotherms are animals that warm their bodies mainly from their own metabolism. We call these animals warm-blooded. Maintain a constant body temperature regardless of changes in the surrounding temperature

27 Maintenance of constant internal conditions in the face of a varying external environment Endotherms Ectotherms animals that warm their bodies mainly from their own metabolism Warmblooded Body temp the same regardless of weather

28 How do endothems adapt? Fat layers, fur, and feathers insulate the body and retain heat. Shivering muscles contract to increase body heat. Some animals hibernate. Hibernation enables animals to survive long periods of cold and lack of food. Canines, like this Brittany, use panting as a means of temperature regulation.

29 Maintenance of constant internal conditions in the face of a varying external environment Endotherms Ectotherms animals that warm their bodies mainly from their own metabolism How do endothems adapt? Warmblooded Body temp the same regardless of weather Fat layers, fur, and feathers Shivering Muscles Hibernation

30 Ectotherms Ectotherms are animals that warm their bodies by absorbing heat from their surroundings. We call these animals cold-blooded Body temperature fluctuates with changes in the surrounding temperature.

31 Maintenance of constant internal conditions in the face of a varying external environment Endotherms Ectotherms animals that warm their bodies mainly from their own metabolism How do endothems adapt? animals that warm their bodies by absorbing heat from their surroundings Body temp the same regardless of weather Fat layers, fur, and feathers Shivering Muscles Warmblooded Coldblooded Body Temp changes with weather Hibernation

32 How do ectotherms adapt? Most marine fish and invertebrates, however, live in water that stays the same temperature. When the weather is warm, they become active. They slow down when the temperature drops. To warm up, reptiles find sunny places, and stretch out for maximum exposure. If it gets too warm, lizards alternate between sun and shade. Amphibians warm up by moving into the sun or diving into warm water. They cool off by entering the shade.

33 Maintenance of constant internal conditions in the face of a varying external environment Endotherms Ectotherms animals that warm their bodies mainly from their own metabolism How do endothems adapt? animals that warm their bodies by absorbing heat from their surroundings How do ectotherms adapt? Body temp the same regardless of weather Fat layers, fur, and feathers Shivering Muscles Warmblooded Coldblooded Body Temp changes with weather warm up by moving into the sun or diving into warm water weather is warm, they become active. They slow down when the temperature drops. Hibernation cool off by entering the shade

34 Example of Adaptation The shape of an animal s teeth is related to its diet. Herbivores, such as deer, have many molars for chewing tough grass and plants. Carnivores, such as lions, have sharp canines to kill and tear meat.

35 Who experiences adaptations? All species have experienced adaptation and will continue to slowly adapt as the next generations are born. We will identify certain species from each of these groups and the reasons for their success: Mammals Birds Reptiles Amphibians

36 Mammals Endothermic or warm-blooded All have some type of hair Some are very specialized, such as white polar bear fur Method of locomotion Care for young

37 Birds Leg Length Roseate Spoonbill (top right) Foot Webbing Laughing Gull (top left) Beak Shape Long Billed Curlew (bottom)

38 Ectothermic or coldblooded Scales Reptiles Some undergo hibernation and estivation (a type of hibernation when food/water become scarce) Lay eggs on land Leg structure and position

39 Amphibians Ectothermic Lay eggs in water Partially of fully webbed feet Have lungs or can absorb oxygen through their skin

40 Some animals use these methods of defense to protect themselves: Camouflage Snake Mimicry Mexican Milk Snake Bright colors Skunk and Poison Arrow Frog Hair projections Hedgehog quills Deer Antlers Animal Defense

41 Adaptation Applications: Lions Why are the eyes of a lion set in front of the head rather than on the sides? Answer: Eyes in front of the head allow for depth perception and ability to judge distances when hunting.

42 Adaptation Applications: Lions What is the purpose of the mane on a male lion? What is the reason for the lion s color? A thick mane helps the male to appear larger and serves as protection for the throat. The tawny brown coat color camouflages the animal and young among vegetation.

43 Adaptation Applications: Giraffe Why are giraffes able to go for long periods of time without water? Answer: Giraffes drink water when available, but can go weeks without it. They rely on morning dew and the water content of their food.

44 Adaptation Applications: Giraffe How are their long necks adapted to their lifestyle? Answer: This extra length is thought to have evolved to help the giraffe spot predators and other giraffes in the distance. Interestingly, giraffes and humans have the same number of vertebrate in their necks.

45 Adaptation Applications: Zebras How do zebras defend themselves? Capable of running up to 40 mph. Zebras defend themselves by kicking and biting. Coloration also plays a role in evading predators, although theories have not reached an agreement.

46 Plant Adaptations Most plants produce seeds. A plant embryo is called a seedling. Certain conditions will nourish the seed, allowing it to grow. Seeds can lie DORMANT and NOT GROW for many years, if the conditions are not right for growth.

47 Plant Adaptations GYMNOSPERMS are plants that do not use flowers to produce seeds. Examples are pine trees. Male pinecones produce POLLEN, (male sex cells) Female pinecones produce ) OVULES (female sex cells)

48 php/naturenotesvid/entry/f emale_male_pine_cones_long leaf/

49 Plant Adaptations For a seed to develop, it must be fertilized. Gymnosperms use the wind to blow pollen from male pine cones to females. POLLINATION is the movement of pollen.

50 Plant Adaptaions ANGIOSPERMS use flowers to produce seeds. Many have male and female parts in the same flower. The male parts produce pollen The female parts produce the ovules. Birds and insects help pollinate flowers.

51 Resources This PowerPoint is partially adapted from Ms. Weinberg. The original PowerPoint can be viewed at Animal-Adaptations-PPT It is also partially adapted from an animal adaptation powerpoint created by City of Corpus Christi Museum of Science and History the original can be viewed at aptations.ppt -Regulation-Internally-heated-animals.html -Regulation-Externally-heated-animals.html

Animal Adaptations -- Vocabulary

Animal Adaptations -- Vocabulary Section 1 Objectives o Children will understand what animal adaptations are. o Children will be able to explain why animal adaptations are important. o Children will be able to explain different types

More information

Animal Classification K-4

Animal Classification K-4 Animal Classification K-4 Introduction: The theme of this self-guided experience is classification of animals. Students will learn to use body coverings as an aid to classification. As the group tours

More information

Vertebrate Characteristics

Vertebrate Characteristics Vertebrate Characteristics Classification of Vertebrates!! a. Phylum: Chordata!!!Common Characteristics: "!notochord, pharyngeal gill slits, hollow dorsal nerve cord! b.!sub-phylum: Vertebrata!!!Common

More information

Animal Environmental Internal Response Types

Animal Environmental Internal Response Types Animal Environmental Internal Response Types Stimuli Stimuli Panting (P) Sweating (S) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What happens to you internally (in your body) when you run as fast as you can around

More information

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4.

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4. NAME SOL 4.5 REVIEW - Revised Habitats, Niches and Adaptations POPULATION A group of the same species living in the same place at the same time. COMMUNITY-- All of the populations that live in the same

More information

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors Teacher Lesson Plan Animal Life Cycles Pre-Visit Lesson Duration: 30-40 minutes Minnesota State Science Standard Correlations: 3.4.3.2.1. Wisconsin State Science Standard Correlations: C.4.1, C.4.2, F

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

Name Class Date. Adapting to the Environment Adaptations and Survival

Name Class Date. Adapting to the Environment Adaptations and Survival CHAPTER 3 4 SECTIN Adapting to the Environment Adaptations and Survival EFRE YU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What adaptations help animals survive? What

More information

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE 7 WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q.1. Why weather changes so frequently? Ans. All changes in the weather are caused by the sun. The movement of the

More information

They take place out in the Park in all weathers; please ensure that your pupils are suitably dressed for the conditions.

They take place out in the Park in all weathers; please ensure that your pupils are suitably dressed for the conditions. HABITAT TALKS General points about these talks: They take place out in the Park in all weathers; please ensure that your pupils are suitably dressed for the conditions. We keep group sizes to a maximum

More information

2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents?

2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents? 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents? offspring Offspring are young plants and animals. Offspring

More information

nucleus cytoplasm membrane wall A cell is the smallest unit that makes up living and nonliving things.

nucleus cytoplasm membrane wall A cell is the smallest unit that makes up living and nonliving things. 1 In nature there are living things and nonliving things. Living things depend on three basic life processes: nutrition, sensitivity and reproduction. Living things are made up of cells. 1. Match the two

More information

Objectives. Key Terms

Objectives. Key Terms Objectives Identify causes and possible results of interspecific competition. Identify some adaptations of predators and prey. Compare and contrast symbiotic relationships. Key Terms interspecific competition

More information

4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow?

4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow? 4 th Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Flow of Energy and Matter Lesson 1: How does energy flow? ecosystem Ecosystem is the living and nonliving things and the way they interact in an environment.

More information

Cobras By Guy Belleranti

Cobras By Guy Belleranti Name: The cobras of Africa and Asia are among the most famous, and most intimidating, snakes in the world. have thin bodies and short, wide heads. When a cobra hunts or senses danger, it raises its head

More information

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616)

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) Chapter 24 Reproduction of Seed Plants Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) This section describes the reproductive structures of gymnosperms and angiosperms. It also explains

More information

Ohio Plants & Animals

Ohio Plants & Animals Ohio Plants & Animals GOAL: To study and observe local plants and animals in various life stages and habitats. Small Group Procedures Concept: A field experience is enhanced when students are able to focus

More information

Owls & Bats Pre-Visit Packet

Owls & Bats Pre-Visit Packet Owls & Bats Pre-Visit Packet The activities in this pre-visit packet have been designed to help you and your students prepare for your upcoming What Goes Bump in the Night? program at the St. Joseph County

More information

Mammal Scavenger Hunt Activity

Mammal Scavenger Hunt Activity Mammal Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: Mammal questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 Mammal fact cards (pages 4-8) Tape and scissors Preparation: Print the fact cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper

More information

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616)

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) Chapter 24 Reproduction of Seed Plants Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) Key Concepts What are the reproductive structures of gymnosperms and angiosperms? How does pollination

More information

The Virtual Woodland Worksheet

The Virtual Woodland Worksheet Food Chains All living things need food to give them energy to move and grow. A food chain can show us how living things get their food by showing us what feeds on what in a particular habitat. Food chains

More information

Lesson. Essential Question What Are Some Animal Adaptations? Engage

Lesson. Essential Question What Are Some Animal Adaptations? Engage 2 Lesson Objectives Describe physical adaptations of animals. Identify behavioral adaptations of animals. Describe some animal behaviors that are learned. Vocabulary camouflage.... p. 70 mimicry.......

More information

BUTTERFLIES OVERVIEW:

BUTTERFLIES OVERVIEW: Second Grade BUTTERFLIES OVERVIEW: This unit, The Life Cycle of Butterflies, introduces students to life cycles using butterflies as the main organism to study. Throughout this unit students will learn

More information

Is That Mammal a Carnivore, Herbivore or Omnivore?

Is That Mammal a Carnivore, Herbivore or Omnivore? Name: Is That Mammal a Carnivore, by Guy Belleranti A mammal can be a carnivore (meat eater), herbivore (plant eater) or omnivore (meat and plant eater). By looking at the teeth, eye position and feet

More information

World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo

World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo Teachers notes KS 1 & KS 2 This booklet will help you to focus your self guided trail on ocean animals, looking at the adaptations of the species and focusing in on

More information

food chains reflect How are these organisms important to one another? organism: a living thing

food chains reflect How are these organisms important to one another? organism: a living thing reflect Different plants and animals live together. Look at the picture of the garden. What organisms live there? Grass, trees, bugs, and birds live there. Fish and frogs live there, too. Can you think

More information

Plant Defense: Thorns, Smells and Flowers

Plant Defense: Thorns, Smells and Flowers Plant Defense: Thorns, Smells and Flowers A Teacher s Resource Guide Laura Hlusko Lah275@cornell.edu What are plants? Plants are living organisms that turn sunlight into energy through the process of photosynthesis.

More information

Classifying Vertebrates Grade 4 Classroom Activity

Classifying Vertebrates Grade 4 Classroom Activity Classifying Vertebrates Grade 4 Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends

More information

Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity

Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: Frog questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 frog fact cards (pages 4-8) Scissors and scotch tape Preparation: Print the frog fact cards and cut them apart. Make copies

More information

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11 Exhibit Inquiry Exhibit Inquiry Have students look for the following exhibits related to living things during their visit to the Ontario Science Centre: Where to go: (Level 6) What it's about: Tropical

More information

TLC Online Curriculum

TLC Online Curriculum TLC Online Curriculum Lesson Title: Reptile Adaptations Grade level: 4-5 Subject Area: Animals Duration: Two or three class periods Objectives: Students will understand the following: 1. Adaptation describes

More information

Animals and Adaptation

Animals and Adaptation Animals and Adaptation From: http://www.learninghaven.com/science/articles/animals_and_adaptation.htm In order for animals to survive, they need to be able to adapt. In this lesson we will look at the

More information

Dinosaur Time-line. What other animals lived then? How long ago did the dinosaurs live? Did dinosaurs live at the same time as people?

Dinosaur Time-line. What other animals lived then? How long ago did the dinosaurs live? Did dinosaurs live at the same time as people? Dinosaur Time-line How long ago did the dinosaurs live? The Age of Dinosaurs began nearly 250 million years ago, but the first true dinosaurs appeared closer to 220 million years ago. Some dinosaurs evolved

More information

Grade 5 Standard 5 Unit Test Heredity. 1. In what way will a kitten always be like its parents? The kitten will...

Grade 5 Standard 5 Unit Test Heredity. 1. In what way will a kitten always be like its parents? The kitten will... Grade 5 Standard 5 Unit Test Heredity Multiple Choice 1. In what way will a kitten always be like its parents? The kitten will... A. be the same color. B. learn the same things. C. have the same body structures.

More information

All About Plants. What are plants?

All About Plants. What are plants? All About Plants What are plants? Plants are living things that are made up of cells. They need air, water, soil, and sunlight to live. They cannot move from place to place, but their leaves move to catch

More information

Animal Adaptations Investigation (K-3)

Animal Adaptations Investigation (K-3) Animal Adaptations Investigation (K-3) At a glance Students explore the Zoo in search of animals that fit certain categories and discover their adaptations. Time requirement One Zoo visit of at least 60

More information

In your last science lesson, you used posters to learn about five of the classes of vertebrates.

In your last science lesson, you used posters to learn about five of the classes of vertebrates. Science 4 Physical Life Earth and Space LESSON 31 Identifying characteristics of classes of vertebrates Lesson Preparation Program Materials Child s Booklet C Investigating Characteristics of Animals (pp.

More information

Statement of Purpose/Focus Conventions

Statement of Purpose/Focus Conventions 4 2 Revised & Edited: Let me tell you how polar bears survive in the arctic. First, the skin beneath their fur soaks up the heat from the sun, so it can stay warm. Second, their claws help them walk and

More information

ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST

ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST 4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK SPRING 2008 GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test

More information

Structures of animals

Structures of animals Structures of animals Name: All animals have been designed with different parts, which we call structures, that make up their bodies. Each of these structures is important as it is used to perform a specific

More information

Introduction to Animals

Introduction to Animals Introduction to Animals Unity and Diversity of Life Q: What characteristics and traits define animals? 25.1 What is an animal? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER: Animals are different from other living things

More information

Pond Vocabulary Words and Meanings

Pond Vocabulary Words and Meanings Pond Vocabulary Words and Meanings Adapt: to adjust to a use or situation Aquatic: from or in the water Bacteria: tiny organisms, too small to be seen with the naked eye Carnivore: an animal that eats

More information

Sexual reproduction in Angiosperms

Sexual reproduction in Angiosperms Sexual reproduction in Angiosperms Name: ANGIOSPERMS Angiosperms are plants that have their seeds enclosed in an ovule inside their flower. About 80% of the plants we see and know are angiosperms. The

More information

Identifying Vertebrates Using Classification Keys

Identifying Vertebrates Using Classification Keys Name Class Date Chapter 18 Classification Identifying Vertebrates Using Classification Keys Introduction Organisms such as vertebrates (animals with backbones) are classified into groups according to certain

More information

Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce

Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce energy from absorbed sunlight using chlorophyll Photo: WikiCommons http://www.larousse.fr/encyclopedie/media/algues/11000970 Many kinds of algae (see image)

More information

Amphibians are found on every continent except Antarctica. They have soft bodies. Their skin is usually moist.

Amphibians are found on every continent except Antarctica. They have soft bodies. Their skin is usually moist. Objectives You will learn about the characteristics of amphibians and reptiles. Introduction North Dakota has several types of amphibians and reptiles. These animals are important parts of the food chain.

More information

Animal Classification. Contents. Preparation

Animal Classification. Contents. Preparation Animal Classification A collaborative sorting activity for Key stages 2 & 3 Teachers notes Contents Animal Cards: 8 Pictures per card (54 +2 blanks) Alphabetical list of pictured animals Group cards: VERTEBRATE/INVERTEBRATE

More information

Name That Adaptation. Background: Link to the Plan Read Section 5 (Whooping Crane Ecology and Biology) in the Management Plan

Name That Adaptation. Background: Link to the Plan Read Section 5 (Whooping Crane Ecology and Biology) in the Management Plan Summary Students will explore structural, physiological, and behavioral adaptations of whooping cranes. Objectives: Students will be able to: Define an adaptation Describe several whooping crane adaptations

More information

Animal Adaptations. Standards. Multiple Intelligences Utilized. Teaching First Step Nonfiction. Titles in this series: Reading.

Animal Adaptations. Standards. Multiple Intelligences Utilized. Teaching First Step Nonfiction. Titles in this series: Reading. Teaching First Step Nonfiction Animal Adaptations K 2nd Grade Interest Level 1st Grade ing Level Titles in this series: What Can Live in a Desert? What Can Live in a Forest? What Can Live in a Grassland?

More information

Teacher s Manual Carnivore/Herbivore Week

Teacher s Manual Carnivore/Herbivore Week Teacher s Manual Carnivore/Herbivore Week This kit contains a week s worth of Lunch and Learn type activities that is, five half-hour lessons related to the theme of Carnivores and Herbivores. It contains

More information

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.

More information

Food Chains and Food Webs

Food Chains and Food Webs Program Support Notes by: Spiro Liacos B.Ed. Produced by: VEA Pty Ltd Commissioning Editor: Sandra Frerichs B.Ed, M.Ed. Executive Producers: Edwina Baden-Powell B.A, CVP. Sandra Frerichs B.Ed, M.Ed. You

More information

28 Exploring Redi s Experiment

28 Exploring Redi s Experiment 28 Exploring Redi s Experiment Prentice-Hall, Inc. One jar was left uncovered. The second jar was covered. SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Life Science Maggots appeared on the meat in the open jar. Redi concluded

More information

Young Learners teacher s notes

Young Learners teacher s notes Children will learn to: recognize the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates; classify animals into groups: mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish, insects, arachnids, molluscs; identify

More information

BLY 303 Lecture Notes, 2012 (O Brien) V. Predator-Prey Interactions

BLY 303 Lecture Notes, 2012 (O Brien) V. Predator-Prey Interactions BLY 303 Lecture Notes, 2012 (O Brien) V. Predator-Prey Interactions I. Introduction A. Types of predation 1. HERBIVORY: Animal eats plants 2. CARNIVORY: Animal eats animals 3. CANNABALISM: Animal eats

More information

... Date Starting your search in the Rainforest if it s open, keep an eye out for:

... Date Starting your search in the Rainforest if it s open, keep an eye out for: Museum-Wide Reptiles include turtles, lizards, snakes, crocodiles, and all of their relatives. There are over 9,000 different kinds of reptiles with amazing adaptations that help them find food and protect

More information

Activity 5 Predator/Prey Interaction Food Chains and Food Webs

Activity 5 Predator/Prey Interaction Food Chains and Food Webs Activity 5 Predator/Prey Interaction Food Chains and Food Webs Objectives Students will investigate predator-prey interactions using a variety of small vertebrate predators. Students will examine prey

More information

A New Place for Polar Bear Grade Three

A New Place for Polar Bear Grade Three Ohio Standards Connection: Science and Technology Benchmark B Describe and illustrate the design process. Indicator 4 Use a simple design process to solve a problem (e.g., identify a problem, identify

More information

Kindergarten Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 4: Plant and Animal Parts Lesson 1: What do plant parts do?

Kindergarten Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 4: Plant and Animal Parts Lesson 1: What do plant parts do? Insert Photo or Graphic for Unit or Lesson Theme Kindergarten Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 4: Plant and Animal Parts Lesson 1: What do plant parts do? Insert Photo/Graphic parts Insert Photo/Graphic

More information

BEARS. Polar Bear Photo by Jerzy Strzelecki

BEARS. Polar Bear Photo by Jerzy Strzelecki BEARS There are technically 8 species of bear which include the Asiatic Black Bear, Black Bear, Brown Bear, Panda Bear, Polar Bear, Sloth Bear, Spectacled Bear, and the Sun Bear. That being said, the North

More information

Common Grass Frog Fact Sheet

Common Grass Frog Fact Sheet Common Grass Frog Fact Sheet Common Name: Common Grass Frog, also known as common frog Scientific Name: Rana temporaria German Name: Grasfrosch Description: They are typically brown or greyish in color,

More information

Silent, Nighttime Hunters By Guy Belleranti

Silent, Nighttime Hunters By Guy Belleranti By Guy Belleranti Owls are raptors, or birds of prey. They are carnivores who quickly and silently swoop down on their prey from above. Most raptors such as eagles, hawks and falcons are day hunters. They

More information

UNIT TWO TURTLE BIOLOGY

UNIT TWO TURTLE BIOLOGY UNIT TWO TURTLE BIOLOGY 43 44 Science Expectations met in this unit: UNIT TWO: TURTLE BIOLOGY Activity Number: Activity Name Strand Grade 2 Growth and Changes in Animals Grade 4 Habitats and 5: Camouflage

More information

reflect What about other living things? Do all animals look the same as their parents?

reflect What about other living things? Do all animals look the same as their parents? reflect Look at the boy and his father. How do they look the same? They both have two arms and two legs. They both have eyes and a nose. They look a lot alike! People can look like their parents. We get

More information

Jennifer Carmack Cannon s Point Unit

Jennifer Carmack Cannon s Point Unit Jennifer Carmack Cannon s Point Unit Unit Organizer: (Approximate Time: 5 days) OVERVIEW: Organisms are dependent upon other organisms for survival. The absence of one organism can disrupt all other organisms

More information

My Animal Report. (Write the full name of your animal on this line.)

My Animal Report. (Write the full name of your animal on this line.) Name: 1 My Animal Report (Write the full name of your animal on this line.) Draw a large picture of your animal, or paste a picture of your animal in the space above. If you are drawing the animal, be

More information

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Sun The Sun The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Plants Plants Plants need the sun to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis.

More information

Emerald Tree Boa: Emerald Tree Boas are bright green to blend in with their habitat. They are part of the boa family and are constrictors.

Emerald Tree Boa: Emerald Tree Boas are bright green to blend in with their habitat. They are part of the boa family and are constrictors. Anaconda: The anaconda lives in the swamps and rivers. Anacondas can also climb trees. Adults can get as big as 20 feet long. Anacondas are good swimmers. They have scales and can swim quickly. They kill

More information

My favourite animal is the cheetah. It lives in Africa in the savannah, It eats and gazel es. It is big and yel ow with black spots.

My favourite animal is the cheetah. It lives in Africa in the savannah, It eats and gazel es. It is big and yel ow with black spots. The crocodile is big and green. It has got a long tail, a long body and a big mouth with big teeth. It has got four short legs. The crocodile eats fish and other animals. He lives in Africa and America,

More information

Who Knows Utah Animals?

Who Knows Utah Animals? Who Knows Utah Animals? Fourth Grade Core: Standard 5 Objective 2 Identify common plants and animals that inhabit Utah forests, wetlands, and deserts; cite examples of physical features that allow particular

More information

Camouflage. Visit for thousands of books and materials. A Reading A Z Level T Leveled Book Word Count: 1,855

Camouflage.  Visit  for thousands of books and materials. A Reading A Z Level T Leveled Book Word Count: 1,855 Camouflage A Reading A Z Level T Leveled Book Word Count: 1,855 Camouflage Written by Kira Freed Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com Camouflage Photo Credits:

More information

Grade Level Content Expectations addressed: Activities: Schedule of Field Trip Activities at the Detroit Zoo 8:15 am Board Bus at School

Grade Level Content Expectations addressed: Activities: Schedule of Field Trip Activities at the Detroit Zoo 8:15 am Board Bus at School Title: Comparing and Contrasting Ecosystem Biodiversity Submitted by: Tracy Ortiz Email: tracy.ortiz@att.net School: Coffey K-8 Educational Learning Community Date: May 12, 2010 Target Grade: 6 Duration:

More information

English Language Arts, Social Studies, and Science

English Language Arts, Social Studies, and Science Curriculum Unit Title: Mexico s Fascinating Flora and Fauna Author: School: Subject Areas: Grade Level: Time Frame: Molly O Donoghue Laurel Dell Elementary School San Rafael City School District San Rafael,

More information

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears Why is Climate Change such a Hot issue for the North Pole? Student Handout Scientists expect northern regions to warm up more than other parts of the world as the Earth s climate changes. If you have flown

More information

Study Guide B. Answer Key. Interactions in Ecosystems

Study Guide B. Answer Key. Interactions in Ecosystems Interactions in Ecosystems Answer Key SECTION 1. HABITAT AND NICHE 1. a habitat is all of the biotic and abiotic factors in the area where an organism lives, while a niche includes all physical, chemical,

More information

Ecology- an ecosystem: a Biome: o They are either terrestrial or aquatic. rainforests, deserts, coral reefs

Ecology- an ecosystem: a Biome: o They are either terrestrial or aquatic. rainforests, deserts, coral reefs Topic 17: Ecology Ecology- The environment is an organism s surroundings o It includes:! biotic factors: Ecosystems! abiotic factors: an ecosystem: In order for an ecosystem to maintain life it must: -

More information

Activity 1 Exploring Animal Diets and Sizes

Activity 1 Exploring Animal Diets and Sizes Activity 1 Exploring Animal Diets and Sizes Objective & Overview: Using measurement and books, students will gain a better understanding of animal size, diversity, and diet through the fun study of wildlife.

More information

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science.

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Supported by A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Find out about the different types of teeth in your mouth. Milk Teeth As a child you have 20 milk teeth. Your first tooth appears

More information

Do you remember the things that

Do you remember the things that 7 Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate Do you remember the things that you were asked to pack when you were heading for a hill station? When the sky is cloudy, your parents insist that

More information

1 Characteristics of Living Things

1 Characteristics of Living Things CHAPTER 2 1 Characteristics of Living Things SECTION It s Alive!! Or Is It? BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are all living things made of?

More information

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy Assessment Bank Matter and Energy in Living Things SC.8.L.18.4 1. What is energy? A. anything that takes up space B. anything that has mass C. the ability to conduct current D. the ability to do work 2.

More information

How Much Do You Know About Polar Bears? Activity Type: Trivia Game (Truth or Lie) Supports Lessons Two, Three & Four Grades 4-6

How Much Do You Know About Polar Bears? Activity Type: Trivia Game (Truth or Lie) Supports Lessons Two, Three & Four Grades 4-6 How Much Do You Know About Polar Bears? Activity Type: Trivia Game (Truth or Lie) Supports Lessons Two, Three & Four Grades 4-6 Time: 30 mins Cost: $, very low Materials 4 printed polar bear pictures 4

More information

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts?

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts? Ecosystems and Biomes 1. All of the living organisms in a forest plus their environment is an example of A. a biome. B. a community. C. a population. D. an ecosystem. 2. Which of the following best describes

More information

Animal skeletons. The museum holds hundreds of skeletons - of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Animal skeletons. The museum holds hundreds of skeletons - of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Animal skeletons All animals have skeletons of one sort or another. Mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish have bony skeletons. These skeletons come in all shapes and sizes, but they also share

More information

Reptiles and Amphibians by Guy Belleranti

Reptiles and Amphibians by Guy Belleranti Name: Take a look at the four animals pictures below. Do you know which ones are reptiles and which ones are amphibians? The chameleon is an unusual lizard that can change the color of its scaly body.

More information

Pinnipeds. PDF created with pdffactory Pro trial version

Pinnipeds. PDF created with pdffactory Pro trial version 1 MARINE MAMMALS - PINNIPEDIA are flesh eating mammals living in water and on land. They represent over one quarter of the marine mammals and are found in nutrient rich coastal waters throughout the world.

More information

Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey

Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey Symbiosis, Competition, Predator/Prey Why Do Living Things Interact With Each Other? Because, in order to survive, a living organism depends on other living things. Organisms may interact to find food

More information

IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANISMS

IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANISMS reflect Take a look at the pictures on the right. Think about what the two organisms have in common. They both need food and water to survive. They both grow and reproduce. They both have similar body

More information

Three Bears by Erin Ryan

Three Bears by Erin Ryan Three Bears by Erin Ryan Did you know that there are eight different kinds of bears found around the world? Three very different ones are polar bears, grizzly bears and Giant Pandas. Polar bears live in

More information

Wild About... Frogs and Frogspawn

Wild About... Frogs and Frogspawn a Wild About... Rutland County Council Nature notes Frogs belong to a group of animals called amphibians, which also includes newts and toads. Amphibians live both on land and in water. Water is needed

More information

One basic need of living things is energy. Living things use food and water to get energy. The bird is living. It eats fish for energy.

One basic need of living things is energy. Living things use food and water to get energy. The bird is living. It eats fish for energy. reflect If you are cold, what can you do to get warm? You could put on a coat and hat. You can jump in place. These are ways you might react to the cold. Now think about a rock. What if a rock is somewhere

More information

Weird Bird Beaks. Weird Bird Beaks A Reading A Z Level R Leveled Book Word Count: 990 H N R LEVELED BOOK R.

Weird Bird Beaks. Weird Bird Beaks A Reading A Z Level R Leveled Book Word Count: 990 H N R LEVELED BOOK R. Weird Bird Beaks A Reading A Z Level R Leveled Book Word Count: 990 LEVELED BOOK R Weird Bird Beaks H N R Written by Joe Slade Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com

More information

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS PLANT BITS 4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS There are four main parts to a plant. They are the root, stem, leaf and flower. Each part has an important task to do in the life of

More information

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review 8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review #1 The tree is an example of a in the food web. Producers perform photosynthesis. A: Prey B: Decomposer C: producer D: Herbivore C. Producer #2

More information

6 WONDERFUL WEST VIRGINIA DECEMBER 2015. Wonderful West Virginia Magazine

6 WONDERFUL WEST VIRGINIA DECEMBER 2015. Wonderful West Virginia Magazine 6 WONDERFUL WEST VIRGINIA DECEMBER 2015 Wonderful West Virginia Magazine LOVELY, DARK, AND DEEP Winters in West Virginia can be harsh, but some animals have an ingenious way of staying alive and well until

More information

Your Skin. Name: Your Largest Organ

Your Skin. Name: Your Largest Organ Your Largest Organ What is the largest organ in your body? Your heart? It is the largest muscle in your body, but you do have larger organs. Your brain? The brain inside your skull is pretty big, but it's

More information

Teacher s Handbook Programs and field trips available at the BC Wildlife Park or at your school! Conservation through Education

Teacher s Handbook Programs and field trips available at the BC Wildlife Park or at your school! Conservation through Education Teacher s Handbook 2016-2017 Programs and field trips available at the BC Wildlife Park or at your school! E Conservation through Education Education at the Park The BC Wildlife Park was first established

More information

Body Heat and Temperature Regulation

Body Heat and Temperature Regulation LECTURE 8 Body Heat and Temperature Regulation Homeotherm- warm blooded (mammals and birds) Poikilotherm- cold blooded (reptiles and amphibians) I. Body Temperature (Reece Table 11.1 p 335) A. Gradients

More information

Community Interactions. Chapter 27

Community Interactions. Chapter 27 Community Interactions Chapter 27 Community Interactions An ecological community consists of all the interacting populations in an ecosystem Interactions between populations in a community help limit their

More information

Cycles of life. You will be visiting the museum to see some baby animals and their parents. Here are some of their stories.

Cycles of life. You will be visiting the museum to see some baby animals and their parents. Here are some of their stories. Cycles of life Some animals die of old age, some die of disease, some are killed and eaten by other animals. But the world does not run out of animals because more are being born or hatched all the time.

More information