Country Studies. please note: For permission to reprint this chapter, Russia: The Domestic Sources of a Less than Grand Strategy Celeste A.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Country Studies. please note: For permission to reprint this chapter, Russia: The Domestic Sources of a Less than Grand Strategy Celeste A."

Transcription

1 Edited by Ashley J. Tellis and Michael Wills Country Studies Russia: The Domestic Sources of a Less than Grand Strategy Celeste A. Wallander please note: For permission to reprint this chapter, please contact To purchase the print volume Strategic Asia : Domestic Political Change and Grand Strategy in which this chapter appears please visit <http://www.nbr.org> or contact 1215 Fourth Avenue, Suite 1600 Seattle, Washington USA

2 executive summary This chapter examines Russia s political system, economy, and social conditions to assess whether Russia under Putin has the domestic foundations for a strong, strategic foreign policy. main argument: Russian grand strategy is derived from a domestic system that is fundamentally weak, corrupt, and unsustainable. The political system faces a period of uncertainty and potential instability with a presidential succession in March The increasingly state-controlled economy is booming but remains dependent on energy exports and is vulnerable to shocks. The economy has also failed to develop or sustain key sectors. Russian society acquiesces because Putin has delivered stability and generally improved living standards. The image of a powerful Russia rests on this fragile equilibrium, which is virtually certain to shift and is an inadequate basis for a truly strategic foreign policy. policy implications: Russian policy in Asia is tactical rather than strategic, missing opportunities to build long-term favorable relationships with Asia s rising powers. Fundamentally weak, Russia cannot effectively oppose U.S. policies or intentionally harm U.S. interests in Asia. Because the Putin leadership uses warnings of external threat to justify its control, the rhetoric and tone of the political process will likely worsen with the upcoming presidential succession. After March 2008 a new leadership may return to a more pragmatic policy. Since specific interests and tactics rather than grand strategy drive Russian policies in Asia, the U.S. may need to avoid actions that reinforce any anti-u.s. or balancing tendencies in Russia s relations in Asia.

3 Russia Russia: The Domestic Sources of a Less than-grand Strategy Celeste A. Wallander If ever there were a country likely to be so tightly constrained and shaped by geopolitical circumstance and the international system that internal forces should be a weak factor in its grand strategy, that country would be Russia. Spanning the Eurasian land mass from Alaska to Finland, Russia borders or is a neighbor to almost every great or emerging power of the 21st century the United States, China, Japan, India, Iran, and the European Union (EU). Russia also shares long and fragile borders with some of the world s most dangerous and insecure regions the Caucasus, Central Asia, and South Asia. Because of its location, Russia should be acting carefully and strategically as a great power seeking to ensure its own survival. The enormous security demands arising from Russia s geopolitical location alone would seem to compel a multidimensional grand strategy of carefully allocating resources to manage security and economic relations to the west, east, and south. If ever there were a country that needed a Bismarck or a Brzezinski, Russia would be it. Though no one has yet laid claim to a Bismarckian mantle, the current Russian leadership under President Vladimir Putin does assert that the state and economy are designed to provide the vast resources necessary for securing Russian national interests. Purporting to manage a political system that secures the interests of the nation in a dangerous international environment, the Putin leadership emphasizes inescapable geopolitical realities and global terrorism. At the same time this leadership draws Celeste A. Wallander is Visiting Associate Professor at Georgetown University. She can be reached at The author is grateful to Stephen Hanson, Brian Taylor, and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. Any errors of fact or analysis that remain are the author s alone.

4 140 Strategic Asia attention to threats posed by the United States U.S. unipolarity, supposed intent to weaken Russia through a strategy of encirclement, and obsession with democratization that would dismantle the strong domestic political and economic order achieved in the past eight years. The Putin leadership is correct in that the form of the country s politics, economics, and society determines Russia s capacity for power and ability to defend its national interests. If grand strategy is defined as the matching of interests and security requirements with the means and resources for achieving them, then maintaining domestic order is crucial for Russian strategy, grand or otherwise. The international strategic environment establishes geopolitical challenges facing Russia and the balance of power in which all states must operate, but Russia s capacity to meet them, and the specific form of its grand strategy, depend upon the country s domestic order. This chapter begins with an overview of Russia s articulation of its grand strategy as developed in the past two years under Putin s leadership Russia s strategic environment, national interests and the type of state and economy needed to secure them, and current policies. The next section then examines critically the Russian domestic system and the argument that the state and economy under Putin make Russia strong. The analysis then returns to Russian grand strategy and argues that it is neither grand, nor strategic, nor sustainable. Whether Russia will survive as a great power in 21st century Asia remains an open question. The factors that Russia s current leadership identifies as the source of its power its state and economy are also the source of its weakness and vulnerability as a strategic player in Asia. Russian Grand Strategy Russian grand strategy in the Putin period poses a striking contrast to that of the Yeltsin era. Under Yeltsin, Russia s strategy was to cope with the country s weakness by drawing closer to the United States and to Europe, liberalizing the state and economy in order to harness modern market forces, and renouncing nineteenth century geopolitical thinking that compelled Russia to control the policies of smaller neighbors. 1 By the time Putin became president in 2000, two crucial foundations of Russian grand strategy had already shifted. First, the Russian economy had begun to grow without having had to attract foreign investment or 1 For examples of the degree to which the Yeltsin leadership sought resources for foreign policy support of the United States, see Strobe Talbott, The Russia Hand: A Memoir of Presidential Diplomacy (New York: Random House, 2002).

5 Wallander Russia 141 conform to Western economic norms. The pursuit of Russia s national economic interests seemed to increase national power rather than leading to ever-greater subservience, as the Russian state managed the terms of its own engagement with the international economy. Putin bowed to the imperatives of global economics, but less in terms of enhancing national welfare than in terms of enhancing national power. 2 To rebuild Russia as a great power, the Putin leadership needed a stronger Russian state. In January 2000 Putin thus signed into law a national security concept that gives the Russian state a greater role in shaping the economy, safeguarding stability, and regulating social and political life. 3 Second, Russia s assessment of the international environment and external threats to Russian security underwent substantial changes. Yeltsin s official policy had identified Russia s greatest threats as coming from within. Putin provided a substantial list of external threats, including weakened United Nations and Russian influence, military-political blocs and alliances, foreign military bases or deployment of forces on Russia s borders, proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery, the escalation of conflicts in Eurasia, and territorial claims against Russia. The new national security concept also attributed the distinctive quality of Russian foreign policy to its balance between Europe and Asia. 4 Whether Putin s support of President Bush in the wake of September 11 was a mere interlude or lost opportunity, the U.S. decision to use military force against Iraq without UN Security Council approval reinforced a Russian strategy that sought to balance and constrain U.S. hegemony in a unipolar world. 5 In the past two years this Russian assessment has evolved further, taking on an added dimension of threat assessment that is rooted in Russia s domestic politics and has implications for grand strategy. In his February 2007 speech at a yearly meeting of senior defense officials in Munich, Putin warned of the threat of U.S. unilateralism and the uncontained hyper use of force, calling for a reasonable balance and reliance on the UN Security Council. Noting, in a more traditional geopolitical vein, that it is reasonable to expect that countries that are newly successful in the economic sphere will become important political powers in global affairs, Putin did not name, 2 Robert Legvold, Russian Foreign Policy During Periods of Great State Transformation, in Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past, ed. Robert Legvold (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), See 2000 Russian National Security Concept, Permanent Representation of the Russian Federation to the Council of Europe website, 4 Ibid. 5 William C. Wohlforth, Russia s Soft Balancing Act, in Strategic Asia : Fragility and Crisis, ed. Richard J. Ellings and Aaron L. Friedberg (Seattle: The National Bureau of Asian Research),

Russian National Security Policy in 2000

Russian National Security Policy in 2000 Russian National Security Policy in 2000 Celeste A. January 2000 PONARS Policy Memo 102 Harvard University Although signing a decree granting the new National Security Concept the status of law in January

More information

Home Security: Russia s Challenges

Home Security: Russia s Challenges Home Security: Russia s Challenges A Russian Perspective Andrei Fedorov * Home security: Russia s challenges Home security and the struggle against terrorism is one of the most crucial issues for the Russian

More information

OIL AND US FOREIGN POLICY. David S. Painter Department of History Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service Georgetown University

OIL AND US FOREIGN POLICY. David S. Painter Department of History Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service Georgetown University OIL AND US FOREIGN POLICY David S. Painter Department of History Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service Georgetown University HISTORY AS A WAY OF LEARNING Importance of Studying the Past: Context for

More information

Research Project RM 01-01-08. Assumed role of India in the international community in the short and medium

Research Project RM 01-01-08. Assumed role of India in the international community in the short and medium Assumed role of India in the international community in the short and medium Daniel Novotný Alice Rezková SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE STRATEGIC APPROACH OF THE EU TOWARDS INDIA Assessment

More information

The Meaning of Russia s Campaign in Syria

The Meaning of Russia s Campaign in Syria Defense and Intelligence The Meaning of Russia s Campaign in Syria By S.R. Covington Foreword by Kevin Ryan December 2015 Defense and Intelligence The Meaning of Russia s Campaign in Syria By S.R. Covington

More information

The European Security Strategy Austrian Perspective

The European Security Strategy Austrian Perspective Erich Reiter and Johann Frank The European Security Strategy Austrian Perspective The following essay gives the Austrian view on the ESS from a security political perspective and analyses the needs and

More information

1, What are we doing? :Brief Introduction of the Study Group Research Design

1, What are we doing? :Brief Introduction of the Study Group Research Design (Report to the CSCAP Steering Committee, January 22 2009, Bangkok) The CSCAP s Multilateral Security Governance in Northeast Asia/North Pacific: From the Six Party Talks to More Enduring Northeast Asian/North

More information

After the fall of the Berlin wall, the American philosopher Francis Fukuyama concluded

After the fall of the Berlin wall, the American philosopher Francis Fukuyama concluded Liberals must embrace power politics to define the 21 st century. - says LI President Van Baalen After the fall of the Berlin wall, the American philosopher Francis Fukuyama concluded that the only remaining

More information

22 ND ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC PARLIAMENTARY FORUM RESOLUTION APPF22/RES 01

22 ND ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC PARLIAMENTARY FORUM RESOLUTION APPF22/RES 01 22 ND ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC PARLIAMENTARY FORUM RESOLUTION APPF22/RES 01 POLITICAL AND SECURITY MATTERS IN ASIA PACIFIC (Sponsored by Australia, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea and the Russian

More information

Understanding the significance of the Asian Century. Andrea Haefner and Professor Andrew O Neill Griffith Asia Institute, Griffith University

Understanding the significance of the Asian Century. Andrea Haefner and Professor Andrew O Neill Griffith Asia Institute, Griffith University Understanding the significance of the Asian Century Andrea Haefner and Professor Andrew O Neill Griffith Asia Institute, Griffith University Griffith MBA Values If you undertake the Griffith MBA you will

More information

English Telco Stability Support Services Agent Quality Cost Management Philippines 1 6 8 5 1 9 7 India 2 8 13 7 2 11 8

English Telco Stability Support Services Agent Quality Cost Management Philippines 1 6 8 5 1 9 7 India 2 8 13 7 2 11 8 Asian Call Centres: India versus The Philippines Last year, Asian Call Centers produced the first ever analysis comparing all the countries in Asia for their suitability for English-speaking offshore call

More information

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the To what extent were the policies of the United States responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949? Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century

More information

Ukraine Document Based Question (DBQ) Central Question: What is happening in Ukraine?

Ukraine Document Based Question (DBQ) Central Question: What is happening in Ukraine? Ukraine Document Based Question (DBQ) Central Question: What is happening in Ukraine? Map of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe during the Cold War: Located in Eastern Europe, Ukraine became a part of

More information

Introduction to Special Edition on University Nonproliferation Education and Training

Introduction to Special Edition on University Nonproliferation Education and Training Introduction to Special Edition on University Nonproliferation Education and Training PNNL-SA-50159 Nonproliferation, like many aspects of security, has not played out as many expected following the end

More information

Good morning. It is my pleasure to be here today as we begin. this workshop on improving regional responses to transnational

Good morning. It is my pleasure to be here today as we begin. this workshop on improving regional responses to transnational REMARKS BY AMBASSADOR SCOTT DELISI Africa Center for Strategic Studies Sheraton Hotel Rwenzori Ballroom January 28, 2013, 11:30 a.m. [Protocol list of invitees] All protocols observed. Good morning. It

More information

The Foreign Policy of Ukraine

The Foreign Policy of Ukraine The Foreign Policy of Ukraine One Year After the Orange Revolution PONARS Policy Memo No. 372 Volodymyr Dubovyk Odessa National University December 2005 It has been a year since the Orange Revolution in

More information

(U) Appendix E: Case for Developing an International Cybersecurity Policy Framework

(U) Appendix E: Case for Developing an International Cybersecurity Policy Framework (U) Appendix E: Case for Developing an International Cybersecurity Policy Framework (U//FOUO) The United States lacks a comprehensive strategic international policy framework and coordinated engagement

More information

Asian International Relations (POLS 244)

Asian International Relations (POLS 244) Asian International Relations (POLS 244) Instructor: Dr. Uk Heo Office: Bolton 614 Phone: 229-6681 E-mail: heouk@uwm.edu COURSE DESCRIPTION AND OBJECTIVES The general objective of this course is to develop

More information

The Implication of TMD System in Japan to China s Security

The Implication of TMD System in Japan to China s Security The Sixth ISODARCO Beijing Seminar on Arms Control October 29-Novermber 1, 1998 Shanghai, China The Implication of TMD System in Japan to China s Security Institute of World Economics & Politics Chinese

More information

America s Energy Exports: Opportunities for U.S. Allies and U.S. National Security Prepared Statement of David F. Gordon

America s Energy Exports: Opportunities for U.S. Allies and U.S. National Security Prepared Statement of David F. Gordon June 23, 2015 Testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy and Environmental

More information

BRITAIN S SECURITY: LABOUR S DEFENCE POLICY REVIEW. Emily Thornberry MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence. January 2016

BRITAIN S SECURITY: LABOUR S DEFENCE POLICY REVIEW. Emily Thornberry MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence. January 2016 BRITAIN S SECURITY: LABOUR S DEFENCE POLICY REVIEW Emily Thornberry MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence. January 2016 Emily Thornberry, Labour s Shadow Defence Secretary, has been asked by Jeremy

More information

Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership

Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership Joint Statement of the Security Consultative Committee Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership June 21, 2011 by Secretary of State Clinton Secretary of Defense

More information

LEGAL AND ILLEGAL MONEY TRANSFERS AS RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICY INSTRUMENTS

LEGAL AND ILLEGAL MONEY TRANSFERS AS RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICY INSTRUMENTS LEGAL AND ILLEGAL MONEY TRANSFERS AS RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICY INSTRUMENTS FATIH OZBAY SENIOR FELLOW, CENTER ON FOREIGN POLICY AND SECURITY, HASEN FATIH OZBAY 128 Migrants who are mostly coming from former

More information

East African Community

East African Community 1 East African Community STATEMENT BY AMB. DR. RICHARD SEZIBERA, SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY AT THE OFFICIAL OPENING CEREMONY OF THE 6 TH EAC MILITARY GAMES AND CULTURAL EVENTS ON 7

More information

THE CULTURE OF INNOVATION AND THE BUILDING OF KNOWLEDGE SOCIETIES. - Issue Paper -

THE CULTURE OF INNOVATION AND THE BUILDING OF KNOWLEDGE SOCIETIES. - Issue Paper - THE CULTURE OF INNOVATION AND THE BUILDING OF KNOWLEDGE SOCIETIES - Issue Paper - UNESCO, Bureau of Strategic Planning September 2003 1 I. The past and present scope of innovation During the last two decades,

More information

COURSE DESCRIPTION FOR THE BACHELOR DEGREE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

COURSE DESCRIPTION FOR THE BACHELOR DEGREE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS COURSE DESCRIPTION FOR THE BACHELOR DEGREE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Course Code 2507205 Course Name International Relations of the Middle East In this course the student will learn an historical and

More information

RUSSIA CHINA NEXUS IN CYBER SPACE

RUSSIA CHINA NEXUS IN CYBER SPACE RUSSIA CHINA NEXUS IN CYBER SPACE E. Dilipraj Associate Fellow, CAPS On May 08, 2015 Russia and China inked an important agreement in the field of cyber security. This bilateral agreement is the latest

More information

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime 1 Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime The Syrian dictatorship s use of chemical weapons against its own people was terrible. But we must not let it overshadow the larger

More information

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH 11th May, 1967 DOCUMENT DPC/D(67)23. DEFENCE PLANNING COMMITTEE Decisions of Defence Planning Committee in Ministerial Session

ORIGINAL: ENGLISH 11th May, 1967 DOCUMENT DPC/D(67)23. DEFENCE PLANNING COMMITTEE Decisions of Defence Planning Committee in Ministerial Session ORIGINAL: ENGLISH 11th May, 1967 DOCUMENT DEFENCE PLANNING COMMITTEE Decisions of Defence Planning Committee in Ministerial Session Note by the Chairman I attach for your information a list of the decisions

More information

UN Emergency Summit on Cyber Security Topic Abstract

UN Emergency Summit on Cyber Security Topic Abstract UN Emergency Summit on Cyber Security Topic Abstract Dear Delegates and Moderators, Welcome to the UN Emergency Summit on Cyber Security! Cyber security is one of the most relevant issues in the international

More information

Active Engagement, Modern Defence - Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1010

Active Engagement, Modern Defence - Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1010 1 Modern security environment contains a broad and evolving set of challenges to the security of NATO s territory and populations. In order to assure their security, the Alliance must and will continue

More information

ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO

ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO The NATO Week 2014, held in Tbilisi in the week of April

More information

OVERVIEW OF THE ADMINISTRATION S FY 2005 REQUEST FOR HOMELAND SECURITY By Steven M. Kosiak

OVERVIEW OF THE ADMINISTRATION S FY 2005 REQUEST FOR HOMELAND SECURITY By Steven M. Kosiak March 22, 2004 OVERVIEW OF THE ADMINISTRATION S FY 2005 REQUEST FOR HOMELAND SECURITY By Steven M. Kosiak The Bush Administration s fiscal year (FY) 2005 budget request includes $47.4 billion for homeland

More information

INTELLIGENCE AND ANALYSIS

INTELLIGENCE AND ANALYSIS OFFICE OF INTELLIGENCE AND ANALYSIS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WORKING AT OIA OIA S MISSION POSITION DESCRIPTIONS BENEFITS & CONTACT INFORMATION working at oia OIA officers support the formulation

More information

Further Developments of Hong Kong s Offshore RMB Market: Opportunities and Challenges

Further Developments of Hong Kong s Offshore RMB Market: Opportunities and Challenges Further Developments of Hong Kong s Offshore RMB Market: Opportunities and Challenges Zhang Ying, Senior Economist In recent years, as the internationalization of the RMB has been steadily carrying out,

More information

Active Engagement, Modern Defence

Active Engagement, Modern Defence Strategic Concept For the Defence and Security of The Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Adopted by Heads of State and Government in Lisbon Active Engagement, Modern Defence Preface We,

More information

CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights

CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Why did the former Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, state that the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 was illegal?

More information

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS ARF WORKSHOP 21-22 JUNE 2005 ULAANBAATAR, MONGOLIA BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS Overall, Brunei Darussalam security assessment remains peaceful and stable. However, the range of

More information

PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. (New York, May 4, 2010) Please Check Against Delivery MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS

PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. (New York, May 4, 2010) Please Check Against Delivery MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS 350 EAST 35TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10016 Please Check Against Delivery Statement by H.E. Ambassador Li Baodong Head of the Chinese Delegation at

More information

Yonsei University Courses Political Science & International Studies

Yonsei University Courses Political Science & International Studies Yonsei University Courses Political Science & International Studies POL2101 Ancient and Medieval Western Political Thought The course examines the political ideologies and the backgrounds of principal

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 30 FINDINGS, 10 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS AND 10 LONG-TERM BUILDING BLOCKS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 30 FINDINGS, 10 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS AND 10 LONG-TERM BUILDING BLOCKS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 30 FINDINGS, 10 IMMEDIATE ACTIONS AND 10 LONG-TERM BUILDING BLOCKS Extract from: Sami Andoura and Jean-Arnold Vinois, From the European Energy Community to the Energy Union. A policy

More information

CHINA AND EUROPE, 1500-2000 and BEYOND: What is Modern? Lesson Guide to Web Module

CHINA AND EUROPE, 1500-2000 and BEYOND: What is Modern? Lesson Guide to Web Module CHINA AND EUROPE, 1500-2000 and BEYOND: What is Modern? Lesson Guide to Web Module Bram Hubbell, the Friends Seminary, Brooklyn, New York. Eight Sections following those of the Web module: I. Introduction

More information

Working Paper Research Unit Global Issues Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs.

Working Paper Research Unit Global Issues Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs. Working Paper Research Unit Global Issues Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs Friedemann Müller Paper presented at KAS CFIE CFISAE AHK International

More information

Ch 15 Notes Start of Cold War - Containment policy -

Ch 15 Notes Start of Cold War       -    Containment policy - Ch 15 Notes- Start of Cold War Students will develop and use basic vocabulary about the Cold War era. Students will describe events that led to the Cold War between the U.S. and Soviet Union. Students

More information

Summary Overview: US National Security Strategy May 2010

Summary Overview: US National Security Strategy May 2010 Armenian Center for National and International Studies (ACNIS) Summary Overview: US National Security Strategy May 2010 Richard Giragosian Director Armenian Center for National and International Studies

More information

9. Major powers and arms control: a Chinese perspective

9. Major powers and arms control: a Chinese perspective 9. Major powers and arms control: a Chinese perspective Li Changhe I. Introduction The major powers play a key role in the process of international arms control and disarmament. Their policies and actions

More information

Standards Addressed by The Choices Program

Standards Addressed by The Choices Program Standards Addressed by The Choices Program National Standards for the Social Studies National Standards for Social Studies are available online at cnets.iste.org/currstands. Strand I: Culture and Cultural

More information

Causes and Consequences of Corruption in Putin s Russia

Causes and Consequences of Corruption in Putin s Russia Causes and Consequences of Corruption in Putin s Russia PONARS Policy Memo No. 430 Robert Orttung American University December 2006 In September 2006, Russian President Vladimir Putin declared that an

More information

working group on foreign policy and grand strategy

working group on foreign policy and grand strategy A GRAND STRATEGY ESSAY Managing the Cyber Security Threat by Abraham Sofaer Working Group on Foreign Policy and Grand Strategy www.hoover.org/taskforces/foreign-policy Cyber insecurity is now well established

More information

Why China s Rise Will Not Be Peaceful

Why China s Rise Will Not Be Peaceful Can China Rise Peacefully John Mearsheimer September 17, 2004 Why China s Rise Will Not Be Peaceful The question at hand is simple and profound: can China rise peacefully? My answer is no. If China continues

More information

POLITICAL ADS IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT

POLITICAL ADS IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT POLITICAL ADS IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT OBJECTIVE Students will analyze ads from two presidential campaign years. In the process, they will learn how ads reflect their historical context while also addressing

More information

Cyber Diplomacy A New Component of Foreign Policy 6

Cyber Diplomacy A New Component of Foreign Policy 6 Cyber Diplomacy A New Component of Foreign Policy 6 Assistant Lecturer Dana DANCĂ, PhD. candidate Titu Maiorescu University, Bucharest dana.danca@yahoo.com Abstract Nowadays, the boundary between virtual

More information

Tuomioja commenced the event by welcoming Mogherini and presenting the theme of the day: Europe and the construction of peace.

Tuomioja commenced the event by welcoming Mogherini and presenting the theme of the day: Europe and the construction of peace. EU as a peacebuilder? 5.3.2015 Eurooppasali, Helsinki Tuomioja commenced the event by welcoming Mogherini and presenting the theme of the day: Europe and the construction of peace. Scepticism about the

More information

2. SECURITY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS

2. SECURITY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS CYBER SECURITY WITHIN THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS Milan PODHOREC University of Defence, Faculty of Economics and Management, Brno, Czech Republic The contribution focuses on the issue regarding security

More information

Eurocentrum Praha 4 th October 2007. A stronger Europe for a better world is the motto of the current Portuguese Presidency.

Eurocentrum Praha 4 th October 2007. A stronger Europe for a better world is the motto of the current Portuguese Presidency. Eurocentrum Praha 4 th October 2007 Portuguese Presidency of the European Union A stronger Europe for a better world A stronger Europe for a better world is the motto of the current Portuguese Presidency.

More information

HARVARD MODEL CONGRESS SAN FRANCISCO 2015

HARVARD MODEL CONGRESS SAN FRANCISCO 2015 HARVARD MODEL CONGRESS SAN FRANCISCO 2015 BRIEFING SUMMARIES A Memo for Members of the Presidential Cabinet RECENT UPDATES CIA - Cyber Hacking The CIA is concerned about cyberhacking because it has the

More information

The cavalry has arrived EU external representation in The Hague and at the OPCW

The cavalry has arrived EU external representation in The Hague and at the OPCW This policy brief analyses the EU s positioning at the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). The EU does not have a delegation to international organisations in The Hague, but in

More information

m a s t e r o f s c i e n c e i n

m a s t e r o f s c i e n c e i n m a s t e r o f s c i e n c e i n Global affairs The M.S. in Global Affairs is the flagship graduate program of the Center for Global Affairs (CGA), ranked by the Foreign Policy Association in 2010 and

More information

THE FOREIGN POLICY OF MEXICO. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador President For a Stronger and Better Mexico

THE FOREIGN POLICY OF MEXICO. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador President For a Stronger and Better Mexico THE FOREIGN POLICY OF MEXICO Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador President For a Stronger and Better Mexico Lopez Obrador believes in the principles of self-determination, cooperation and international peace for

More information

Russia s Interest in Trading with the Axis of Evil

Russia s Interest in Trading with the Axis of Evil Russia s Interest in Trading with the Axis of Evil PONARS Policy Memo 248 Celeste A. Wallander CSIS October 2002 The Russian Economy and its National Interests The puzzle is why a Russia that has improved

More information

Revisiting Global Energy Security. Girijesh Pant Jawaharlal Nehru University

Revisiting Global Energy Security. Girijesh Pant Jawaharlal Nehru University Revisiting Global Energy Security Girijesh Pant Jawaharlal Nehru University Global Age-Nation to Global Nation Economies are globalising. Globalising nation economies are integrating. Interoperability

More information

The rapid development of China presents challenges and opportunities for America.

The rapid development of China presents challenges and opportunities for America. Lesson Plan China Chad Flaig Purpose: Big Concept: The rapid development of China presents challenges and opportunities for America. Essential Questions What are the economic challenges that China presents

More information

SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS

SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS Colonial & Revolutionary Periods SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS 1) Analyze the cultural and economic responses of TWO of the following groups to the Indians of North America before 1750. British French Spanish

More information

Louisiana World History

Louisiana World History Louisiana World History Louisiana History (Core Course: World History) World History 19. Explain the origins, developments, and consequences of the transatlantic slave trade between Africa and the Americas

More information

STUDY PLAN Master in Political Science (None Thesis Track)

STUDY PLAN Master in Political Science (None Thesis Track) Plan Number 2014 A- General Rules and Conditions: STUDY PLAN Master in Political Science (None Thesis Track) 1. This plan conforms to the valid regulations of the programs of graduate studies. 2. Areas

More information

I. World trade developments

I. World trade developments I. World trade developments World merchandise exports stagnated in value terms in 2012 while exports of commercial services increased by 2 per cent. Key developments in 2012: a snapshot Trade data List

More information

STATEMENT BY FORMER NATIONAL SECURITY OFFICIALS

STATEMENT BY FORMER NATIONAL SECURITY OFFICIALS STATEMENT BY FORMER NATIONAL SECURITY OFFICIALS The undersigned individuals have all served in senior national security and/or foreign policy positions in Republican Administrations, from Richard Nixon

More information

Executive Course. Field Analysis of Fragile States and Transitions. 19 21 June 2013 School of Public Policy (CEU), Budapest

Executive Course. Field Analysis of Fragile States and Transitions. 19 21 June 2013 School of Public Policy (CEU), Budapest purpose beyond power SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY Executive Course Field Analysis of Fragile States and Transitions 19 21 June 2013 School of Public Policy (CEU), Budapest The Executive

More information

An Interactive Planning Approach to Shaping U.S.-Russian Relations

An Interactive Planning Approach to Shaping U.S.-Russian Relations An Interactive Planning Approach to Shaping U.S.-Russian Relations PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 172 September 2011 Dmitry Gorenburg Harvard University U.S. policy toward Russia, as toward the rest of

More information

To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies?

To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies? Rahaf Alwattar Daniela Morales Kiley Smith Madison So To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies? The Cold War was an unceasing state of political and military tensions between

More information

Nonproliferation Education at the University of Washington PNNL-SA-50160

Nonproliferation Education at the University of Washington PNNL-SA-50160 Nonproliferation Education at the University of Washington PNNL-SA-50160 Christopher D. Jones, Ph.D. (University of Washington) K. Mark Leek, Ph.D. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Co-Directors,

More information

14TH ASIA SECURITY SUMMIT THE IISS SHANGRI-LA DIALOGUE FOURTH PLENARY SESSION

14TH ASIA SECURITY SUMMIT THE IISS SHANGRI-LA DIALOGUE FOURTH PLENARY SESSION 14TH ASIA SECURITY SUMMIT THE IISS SHANGRI-LA DIALOGUE FOURTH PLENARY SESSION STRENGTHENING REGIONAL ORDER IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC: TOWARDS MORE ACTIVE CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND COOPERATION SUNDAY 31 MAY 2015

More information

Prospects for the NATO Warsaw Summit Testimony before the U.S. Helsinki Commission By Hans Binnendijk June 23, 2016

Prospects for the NATO Warsaw Summit Testimony before the U.S. Helsinki Commission By Hans Binnendijk June 23, 2016 Prospects for the NATO Warsaw Summit Testimony before the U.S. Helsinki Commission By Hans Binnendijk June 23, 2016 NATO is anything but obsolete. It is needed more now than at any point since the end

More information

Lifting the Crude Oil Export Ban

Lifting the Crude Oil Export Ban September 2015 Lifting the Crude Oil Export Ban Explainer III: Geopolitical Ramifications of Lifting the Crude Export Ban In 1975, Congress passed the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, which paved the

More information

The Defence Strategy of the Slovak Republic

The Defence Strategy of the Slovak Republic The Defence Strategy of the Slovak Republic approved by the National Council of the Slovak Republic 23 September 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction I II III IV V Slovak Republic in the Changing Security

More information

From Blind Love to Strategic Alliance?

From Blind Love to Strategic Alliance? From Blind Love to Strategic Alliance? BALTIC-GEORGIAN RELATIONS REVISITED PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 201 June 2012 Kornely Kakachia Tbilisi State University Since the restoration of independence,

More information

SCHOOL OF GLOBAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. Taught Masters programmes

SCHOOL OF GLOBAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. Taught Masters programmes SCHOOL OF GLOBAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Taught Masters programmes What s special about studying in the Department of International Relations at Sussex? With a history that spans

More information

Germany: Report on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (RES 69/28),

Germany: Report on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (RES 69/28), Germany: Report on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (RES 69/28), General appreciation of the issues of information security Information

More information

Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare

Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare By: Devin Luco Copyright 2013, ASA Institute for Risk & Innovation Keywords: Cyber War, Cyber Warfare, Cyber Attacks, Cyber Threats Abstract This research note defines

More information

Chapter 1. What is Poverty and Why Measure it?

Chapter 1. What is Poverty and Why Measure it? Chapter 1. What is Poverty and Why Measure it? Summary Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well-being. The conventional view links well-being primarily to command over commodities, so the poor are those

More information

Is China Catching Up with the US?

Is China Catching Up with the US? 12 Is China Catching Up with the US? Kenneth Lieberthal Opinion Kenneth Lieberthal Is China Catching Up with the US? While China has emerged as a key player in global affairs, significant challenges to

More information

GRADUATE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS AND STRATEGIC STUDIES

GRADUATE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS AND STRATEGIC STUDIES COLLEGE OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 351 GRADUATE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS AND STRATEGIC STUDIES Degrees Offered: M.A. or M.S.S, Ph.D. Chair: Wong, Ming-hsien ( 翁 明 賢 ) The Institute Founded in 1983,

More information

Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance

Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance Based on the Japan U.S. Security Treaty, the Japan-U.S. Security Arrangements, together with Japan s own efforts, constitute the cornerstone for Japan

More information

Espionage and Intelligence. Debra A. Miller, Book Editor

Espionage and Intelligence. Debra A. Miller, Book Editor Espionage and Intelligence Debra A. Miller, Book Editor Intelligence... has always been used by the United States to support U.S. military operations, but much of what forms today s intelligence system

More information

Rwanda. Strategy for Sweden s development cooperation with 2015 2019 MFA

Rwanda. Strategy for Sweden s development cooperation with 2015 2019 MFA MINISTRY FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, SWEDEN UTRIKESDEPARTEMENTET Strategy for Sweden s development cooperation with Rwanda 2015 2019 MFA 103 39 Stockholm Telephone: +46 8 405 10 00, Web site: www.ud.se Cover:

More information

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER 1 APRIL 2016 POLITICS AND FOREIGN POLICY SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE APRIL 12-19, 2016 N=2,008 RANDOMIZE Q.1 AND Q.2 Q.1 Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as President?

More information

Conflict management Funmi Olonisaki King s College London

Conflict management Funmi Olonisaki King s College London Conflict management Funmi Olonisaki King s College London 1 Key messages conveyed by conflict and conflict management trends in Africa Regional and sub-regional organisations are an integral part of the

More information

Social Informatics Today and Tomorrow: Status, Problems and Prospects of Development of Complex Lines in the Field of Science and Education

Social Informatics Today and Tomorrow: Status, Problems and Prospects of Development of Complex Lines in the Field of Science and Education triplec 9(2): 460-465, 2011 ISSN 1726-670X http://www.triple-c.at Social Informatics Today and Tomorrow: Status, Problems and Prospects of Development of Complex Lines in the Field of Science and Education

More information

Viewpoint: Implementing Japan s New Cyber Security Strategy*

Viewpoint: Implementing Japan s New Cyber Security Strategy* Presented by: The ACCJ s Internet Economy Task Force Valid Through November 2014 The 2013 Cyber Security Strategy, released in June 2013, and the International Strategy on Cybersecurity Cooperation, released

More information

Japan Debates the Right to Collective Self-Defense

Japan Debates the Right to Collective Self-Defense Japan Debates the Right to Collective Self-Defense Japanese political leaders faced with emerging security concerns ranging from territorial disputes with China to the nascent North Korean nuclear arsenal

More information

Teaching Notes Crisis Guide: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Teaching Notes Crisis Guide: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Teaching Notes Crisis Guide: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict CFR.org s award-winning multimedia Crisis Guide series aims to provide a detailed, tailored resource for the exploration of the world s most

More information

International Relations Networking of the Austrian Armed Forces

International Relations Networking of the Austrian Armed Forces International Relations Networking of the Austrian Armed Forces Address given by General Roland ERTL Chief of General Staff, Austrian Armed Forces Ladies and Gentlemen, distinguished guests, The Austrian

More information

NOTE BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL

NOTE BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL Security Council Distr- GENERAL S/23500 31 January 1992 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH NOTE BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL At the conclusion of the 3046th meeting of the Security Council, held at the level

More information

In Response: Reframing Major Country Relations in Pursuit of Partnership and Accountability

In Response: Reframing Major Country Relations in Pursuit of Partnership and Accountability In Response: Reframing Major Country Relations in Pursuit of Partnership and Accountability Genevieve Neilson Genevieve Neilson will graduate with a Master s in International Affairs from The George Washington

More information

"The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security"

The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security Chairman EU Military Committee General Patrick de Rousiers at the 29 th Asia Pacific Round Table in Kuala Lumpur 02 June 2015 "The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace

More information

Introduction. Bargaining - whether over arms control, the terms of a peace settlement, exchange rate

Introduction. Bargaining - whether over arms control, the terms of a peace settlement, exchange rate Bargaining in International Relations Introduction Bargaining - whether over arms control, the terms of a peace settlement, exchange rate coordination, alliances, or trade agreements - is a central feature

More information

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL UNITED HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL The United Nations Human Rights Council was created in March, 2006 and is the successor to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which was often criticized for the

More information

Cuban Missile Crisis Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba?

Cuban Missile Crisis Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why did the Russians pull their missiles out of Cuba? Materials: United Streaming Video Segment: The Hour of Maximum Danger (from Freedom: A History of the US:

More information

Panel I: Russia & Central Asia Moderator: William Pomeranz, Kennan Institute

Panel I: Russia & Central Asia Moderator: William Pomeranz, Kennan Institute Panel I: Russia & Central Asia Moderator: William Pomeranz, Kennan Institute Jeffrey Mankoff is deputy director and fellow with the CSIS Russia and Eurasia Program and a visiting scholar at Columbia University

More information

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT KEY CONCEPT 1.1: Analyze how the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment ideas impacted human thought. a. Identify

More information