1 Peace, Security and Sustainable Development The role of Parliaments in tackling the Root Causes and Consequences of Violent Extremism and Terrorism Brussels, Belgium 8-9 October 2015 Resource Person Biographies Hon. Estelle Flore Angangou
2 Hon. Estelle Flore Angangou is currently MP for the Sebe-Brikolo Department in eastern Gabon, as well as 5 th Secretary of the Board of the National Assembly of Gabon. She is also President of the Network of Women Parliamentarians of Central Africa (RFPAC); Chair of the Réseau national de femmes députés (RENAFED); and Deputy-Chair of the Gabon-Italy Parliamentary Friendship Group. Before her election as an MP in 2011, Hon. Angangou was Head of Communications at the Societe d'energie et d'eau du Gabon (SEEG), a branch of Veolia. Hon. Sabine de Bethune Hon. Sabine de Bethune is a member of the Belgian Senate and the Flemish Parliament. She was President of the Belgian Senate between 2011 and 2014 and she chaired the CD&V political group (Christian Democrats) in the Senate from 2003 until She has been a Senator since In her work for the Senate and the Flemish Parliament, she focuses on external relations, sustainable development, equal opportunities, gender and culture. She is active in several NGOs and women s organisations. She was Head of the Belgian Section of AWEPA from 2008 until 2012 and Chair of TRIAS NGO on Development Cooperation ( ), where she is still a board member. Dr. Anneli Botha Dr. Anneli Botha is a Senior Researcher with the Terrorism, Transnational Threats and International Crime Division at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) in Pretoria, South Africa. Her research focus is terrorism as an international phenomenon, with a specific emphasis on Africa. She has conducted research in a number of African countries, where she delivered specialised training to law enforcement and criminal justice officials. Prior to her current position at the ISS, she served in the South African Police Service (SAPS) for 10 years, during which time she was a founding member of the Religious Extremism and Terrorism Desk at Crime Intelligence Head Office; served in the Rapid Reaction Unit and the Special Task Force on Urban Terror in the West Cape; and provided strategic support to the Head of South Africa's Crime Intelligence Unit. Mr. Martin Chungong Mr. Martin Chungong is currently Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU). Prior to his election in 2014, he was IPU Deputy Secretary General and Director of Programmes, following a 14-year career with the Cameroonian Parliament. Mr Chungong has worked extensively to develop programmes to help parliaments become more transparent, accountable, representative and effective democratic institutions, for example, through his roles as Chair of the Management Committee on Accountability of the OECD Governance Network, and Parliamentary Representative on the Steering Committee of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation. He also specialises in the promotion of dialogue and conflict resolution. Prof. Dr. Rik Coolsaet Prof. Dr. Rik Coolsaet is a Professor of International Relations at Ghent University, Belgium. He is Chair of the Ghent Institute of International Studies (GIIS) and Senior
3 Associate Fellow at the Egmont Institute (Royal Institute for International Relations) in Brussels. He has held several senior official positions at the Belgian Ministries of Defence and Foreign Affairs. Prof. Dr. Coolsaet was invited to join the original European Commission Expert Group on Violent Radicalisation (established 2006) and the subsequent European Network of Experts on Radicalisation (ENER). His latest terrorism-related publications are: Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge. European and American Experiences (Ashgate, October 2011), and What drives Europeans to Syria, and to IS? Insights from the Belgian case (Ghent/Brussels, Academia Press/Egmont Institute, 2015). Hon. Stéphane Crusnière Hon. Stéphane Crusnière has been a Member of the Belgian Parliament since He sits on the Finance and Budget Committee and the Committee on European Affairs. He is also a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), where he chairs the Belgium-Democratic Republic of Congo bilateral section. He held a number of roles between 2002 and 2014, including Deputy Chef de Cabinet of the Minister for Agriculture and Rural Affairs for the Wallonia region; Deputy Chef de Cabinet of the Minister for Social Affairs, Health and Equal Opportunities; Chef de Cabinet of the Governor of the Walloon Brabant Province; Chef de Cabinet of the President of the Chamber of Representatives; and Provincial Councillor for Walloon Brabant. Hon. Christine Defraigne Hon. Christine Defraigne is the Speaker of the Belgian Senate. A graduate of the University of Liège, Belgium, she practiced law until She quickly became involved in politics and, in 1989, was elected as a City Councillor of Liège, a position which she held until In 1999, she was elected to the Parliament of Wallonia, and later became Leader of the Mouvement Réformateur party in the Belgian Senate until One year later, in 2010, she was elected Chair of Justice Commission of the Senate. Having been elected Speaker of the Belgian Senate in 2014, Hon. Defraigne is also currently a member of the Walloon Parliament and sits on the Liège City Council as Head of the Mouvement Réformateur group. Hon. Alain Destexhe Hon. Alain Destexhe is a Belgian Senator and an active AWEPA member. Within the organisation, he is Political Coordinator for the Parliament of Rwanda and the Parliamentary Forum of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (PF-ICGLR) programmes. He is a member of the Brussels Regional Parliament. He was Secretary-General of Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) from 1991 to 1995, and President of the International Crisis Group from 1997 to He was awarded the Prize of Liberty by think tank Nova Civitas in Mr. Fulco van Deventer Mr. Fulco van Deventer is founder and Deputy Director of Human Security Collective (HSC). He works on the nexus between counter terrorism measures, security and civil society engagement, facilitating dialogue to set adequate conditions for civil society to play an effective role in security issues. During a long-term assignment for
4 Dutch funding agencies, he worked with a variety of civil society organisations in Africa, Asia and Latin America to strengthen their institutional and strategic capacities. For the last 10 years, he has focused on civil society actors in conflict areas and fragile states to enhance their role in conflict prevention, security and countering violent extremism. Mr. Fulco is currently involved in programmes to counter violent extremism in Mali, Nigeria and Kenya. Hon. Ike Ekweremadu, CFR Hon. Ike Ekweremadu, CFR, is the Speaker of the Parliament of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS-P) and Deputy President of the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. He has chaired several parliamentary committees at regional and national level working towards the resolution of political crises; these include the ECOWAS Parliament s Ad-Hoc Committee on the Political Situations in Niger Republic and the Republic of Guinea. Hon. Ekweremadu also piloted the first successful amendment of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria, which resulted in electoral reforms that laid the foundation for improvements in Nigeria s electoral system. He has delivered a number of papers on the themes of democracy, federalism, constitution-making, security, anti-corruption, environment and the economy. A career legal practitioner, Hon. Ekweremadu was an Associate Lecturer at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, before venturing into politics. Hon. Peter Emmanuel Eriaku Hon. Peter Emmanuel Eriaku is a Member of the Parliament of Uganda representing the people of Kapelebyong County in the 9th Parliament of the Republic of Uganda. He is the Vice Chair of the Parliamentary Committee on Defence and Internal Affairs and a member of the Parliamentary Forum on the Prevention of Genocide. Prior to this, he worked for the Uganda Red Cross Society as Regional Programme Officer in charge of Karamoja, and participated in the implementation of the Karamoja Integrated Disarmament and Development Programme ( ). Mr. Sering Falu Njie A development professional with over 20 years of hands-on experience working on poverty issues in Africa, Mr. Sering Falu Njiei is currently Deputy Director for Policy with the United Nations Millennium Campaign and acting UN Millennium Campaign Regional Director for Africa. He has spent the past 10 years working in the Government of Gambia, where his most recent position was Director General of the National Planning Commission. Prior to this, he served as Coordinator of the Poverty Reduction Programme in The Gambia. He has also worked with international NGOs including Save the Children and Action Aid in the policy advocacy arena. He has, for a number of years, been a consultant on Social Accountability with the World Bank Institute and the Social Development Division of the World Bank. Mr. Vasu Gounden Mr. Vasu Gounden is the Founder and Executive Director of the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD). In this role, Mr. Gounden has contributed to the resolution of several conflicts around the world including Somalia, South Sudan, Madagascar, Palestine and Sri Lanka. He has prepared conflicting
5 parties, including rebel groups in Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), for negotiations; provided mediation support to the facilitators of the Burundi Peace Process (including Nelson Mandela); and served as an advisor on strategy to former President Ketumile Masire (Botswana) on the InterCongolese Dialogue Peace Process. He also serves on the Boards of several conflict management Institutions. Mr. Gounden has been elected by the World Economic Forum as one of their Global Leaders for Tomorrow (GLT). Mr. Volker Hauck Mr. Volker Hauck is the head of the programme on Conflict, Security and Resilience at the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM), which he joined in 1998 as Senior Programme Officer. With an educational background in political science and public administration, he has worked and published on European international cooperation, institutional development and capacity development support. In recent years, he has focused on conflict prevention, fragile contexts, post-conflict transition and peacebuilding. He was team leader and member of various international studies and evaluations, developed ECDPM s knowledge management and communication strategy and co-founded Capacity.org in Prior to ECDPM, Dr. Hauck worked with UNDP, the International Red Cross and a Dutch development company, MDF, to engage on development, recovery and emergency operations. Hon. Aly Gueladio Kamara Hon. Aly Gueladio Kamara is a member of the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) and a Mauritanian MP. Since 2006, he has been Deputy Vice-President of the National Assembly of Mauritania. Before taking on this role, he held a number of political roles, including Minister for the Civil Service, Employment, Youth and Sport ( ); Advisor to the President of the Republic ( ) and Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of Mauritania to Russia ( ). He was Finance Minister from 1996 to 2000 and, from 2000 to 2001, he was Minister for Infrastructure and Transport. H.E. Macharia Kamau H.E. Macharia Kamau is Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations and Co-Chair of the United Nations General Assembly Open Working Group on the Sustainable Development Goals. His current assignments within the UN include President of the UNICEF Executive Board, President of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF), Vice-President of the 67th Session of UN General Assembly, and Co-Facilitator of the UN General Assembly New Partnership for Africa s Development (NEPAD) Working Group. H.E. Kamau s key specialisations include political and development affairs training and capacity building, and legislative reform. Mr. Gilles de Kerchove Mr. Gilles de Kerchove was appointed EU Counter-terrorism Coordinator in In this function, he coordinates the work of the EU in the field of counter-terrorism; maintains an overview of all the instruments at the Union's disposal; closely monitors
6 the implementation of the EU counter-terrorism strategy; fosters better communication between the EU and third countries; and ensures that the Union plays an active role in the fight against terrorism. Before taking on this position, Mr. Kerchove was Director for Justice and Home Affairs at the Council Secretariat. He was also Deputy Secretary of the convention that drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union from 1999 to 2000, and has published a number of books on European Law. Mr. Yves Leterme Mr. Yves Leterme is the former Prime Minister of Belgium and Secretary General of the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA). He was Deputy Secretary General of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris from 2011 to Prior to this, he held variety of political posts in Belgium, including MP in the Chamber of Representatives, Group Chairman and leader of the opposition, Secretary-General and Chairman of the CD&V party, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Budget and Mobility, and Minister of Foreign Affairs. During his tenure as Prime Minister, Belgium held the Presidency of the European Union. At a professional level, Mr. Leterme has worked, inter alia, as a deputy auditor at the Belgian Court of Audit and as an administrator at the European Parliament. Hon. Agnes Mundia Limbo Hon. Agnes Mundia Limbo is a member of the Parliament of Namibia and the Chair of the Standing Committee on Democratisation, Governance and Human Rights of the Southern African Development Community Parliamentary Forum (SADC PF). She is currently the Deputy Secretary General of the opposition Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) party and a member of the Standing Committee on Human, Social and Community Development; the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Security; and the Committee on Gender and Family Affairs in the National Assembly of Namibia. She is also a member and Treasurer of the Women Parliament Caucus. Hon. Loum Ndoadoumngue Neloumsei Elise Hon. Loum Ndoadoumngue Neloumsei Elise is a member of the Committee on Cooperation, International Relations and Conflict Resolutions for the Pan-African Parliament (PAP); former Vice-President of the National Assembly of Chad ( ); and former Vice-President of the PAP ( ). She is currently President of the High Court of Justice in Chad and Chair of the Chad-United States Friendship Group. A woman s rights activist, she began her political career in 1990, following the emergence of democracy in Chad. Some years later, she became the first woman Deputy Secretary General of the ruling party. She later became Head of Education in the Office of the Prime Minister, before going on to become State Counsellor on Social and Family Affairs in the Office of the President. She joined the Government in 2001 as Minister of Social Action and Family Affairs and, in 2002, was elected MP for the Koumra constituency. She was the first woman Vice-President of the National Assembly of Chad between 2002 and 2011.
7 Hon. Kerstin Lundgren Hon. Kerstin Lundgren is a Member of the Swedish Parliament, and plays an active role within AWEPA as Head of the Swedish Section, Political Coordinator of the EALA Programme and Vice-President of Executive Committee. She has been a member of the Committee on the Constitution and, since 2006, of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the spokesperson on Foreign Affairs for the Centre Party. She is currently a deputy member of the Committee on Defence, and has been a member of the Swedish delegation to Council of Europe, and Vice President of the ALDE-group since Within the Centre Party, she has been District Chair for the Stockholm region as well as a member of the board for 10 years. Hon. Peter Luykx Hon. Peter Luykx is the Deputy Chair of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives. He has been a member of the New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) party since 2003, and was involved in founding the local party branch in the municipality of Lommel. An expert in foreign affairs, he was appointed first Deputy Chair of the Committee on Foreign Relations in He is a permanent member of the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Advisory Committee on European Affairs, the Commission for Followup on Overseas Missions and the Commission for the Revision of the Constitution, as well as a substitute member of the Defence Committee. H.E. Francisco Madeira H.E. Ambassador Francisco Madeira is the African Union Special Representative for Counter Terrorism Cooperation and Director of the African Centre for the Study and Research on Terrorism (ACSRT). Throughout his career, he has served as Mozambique s ambassador to Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Botswana, Rwanda, Burundi, Comoros and Madagascar. He was a member of the Mozambican Government s delegation to the Rome peace negotiations and, as a member of the UN led Commission, he participated in the preparations that led the country to its first ever multiparty parliamentary and presidential elections. H.E. Madeira also served as a member of Mwalimu Nyerere and Nelson Mandela facilitation teams in the Arusha talks on Burundi, as well as leading a mediation process in Comoros. He was a Minister in the Parliament of Mozambique for a consecutive period of 15 years. Ms. Malini Mehra Ms. Malini Mehra is Chief Executive of the Global Legislators Organisation (GLOBE) International. Prior to taking up this role in 2014, she pursued an international career spanning close to three decades with civil society, government, business and the United Nations. A political scientist and gender specialist by training, Ms. Malini has founded a number of non-profits and from served as founder and CEO of the Centre for Social Markets, an Indian NGO pioneer on sustainability, business and climate change. Within the UN, she served as a member of former Secretary- General Kofi Annan s High-Level Panel on UN-Civil Society Relations. In addition, she was the architect of the UK s Sustainable Development Dialogues with Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa. Her honours include Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum and Asia 21 Young Leader.
8 Ms. Magda De Meyer Ms. Magda De Meyer is AWEPA s Political Coordinator of the Network of Women Parliamentarians of Central Africa (RFPAC) programme; Head of the Belgian AWEPA Section; and an honorary Member of the Belgian Parliament. She was a Member of Parliament between 1987 and 2007, and took on the role of Belgian representative in the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) between 1999 and Until 2014, Ms. De Meyer was advisor to the Public Centre of Social Welfare in Brussels and headed the Cabinet of Ministers for the Fight against Poverty. She is currently a member of the council of the Public Centre of Social Welfare Temse and the Board of the Fund against Child Poverty (King Baudouin Foundation), as well as President of the Flemish Women s Council. She is active in AWEPA s work on the empowerment of women MPs in Africa. Hon. Santiago Nsobeya Efuman Nchama Hon. Santiago Nsobeya Efuman Nchama is Speaker of the Parliament of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) and First Vice-President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of Equatorial Guinea, posts which he has held since May 2015 and March 2014 respectively. Prior to this, he has occupied the positions of Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and French language; Minister of Information, Culture and Tourism; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Equatorial Guinea to Madrid; and Second Vice-President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of Equatorial Guinea. In 2014, he was chosen as one of 24 Special Advisers to the Secretary-General of the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE). Hon. Dr. Odette Nyiramilimo Hon. Dr. Odette Nyiramilimo is a member of the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA), where she serves as Chair of the Network of African Parliamentarians (NAP) and the General Purpose Committee. She is also Secretary General of the Executive Committee of the Liberal Party. She was previously a Senator in Parliament of Rwanda, where she served as Chair of the Social Affairs, Human Rights and Petitions Committee; and Coordinator of the Network of the Rwandese Parliamentarians for Population. She is also a founding member of the Rwandan Women Leaders Caucus. From 2000 to 2003, Hon. Dr. Nyiramilimo was Minister of State for Social Affairs in the Ministry of Local Government and Social Affairs. Prior to this, she held roles as a private and public practitioner and a medical consultant. Hon. Higiro Prosper Hon. Higiro Proser is currently Secretary General of the Parliamentary Forum of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (PF-ICGLR), a post to which he was elected on 12 December 2011 in Kampala, Uganda, by the Presidents of the Parliaments of the ICGLR member countries. He previously built a long political career as an MP and parliamentarian in Rwanda, including 11 years as Vice- President of the Parliament of Rwanda (Transitional National Assembly and Senate). Hon. Prosper was Minister of Commerce and Industry from 1994 to 1997 and President of the Liberal Party from 2000 to He was also a member of the Pan- African Parliament from 2004 to 2007 as well as the African Union (AU) electoral
9 observation missions in South Africa (2004), Liberia (2005), Côte d Ivoire (2010) and Central African Republic (2011). H.E. Didier Reynders H.E. Didier Reynders is currently the Belgian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Affairs and has been in function since He studied Law at University of Liège, Belgium. After an academic career and having served as Chair of the National Railway Company of Belgium and the Belgian Airways Agency, he became a Member of the Belgian Parliament in In July 1999, he was elected Minister of Finance and, in July 2004, (concurrently) Deputy Prime Minister. He was Chair of the Mouvement Réformateur party from 2004 to In his capacity as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Reynders has had a strong interest in Africa, with a special emphasis on the Great Lakes region. Ms. Miet Smet Minister of State Ms. Miet Smet has been President of AWEPA since Ms. Smet is a Belgian politician and was a member of the Belgian Government for 14 years, first as a Secretary of State for the Environment and Social Justice, and later as the Minister of Employment and Equal opportunity. She is a former member of the Belgian Senate, the Chamber of Representatives, the European Parliament and the Flemish Parliament. In 2002, the King of Belgium instated her as an honorary Minister of State. Ms. Smet is founder and first president of the Christian People's Party s political women's organisation Woman and Society. Reducing violence against women and enhancing the political and economic position of women have always been high on her political agenda. Hon. Bart Somers Hon. Bart Somers is a Belgian MP and the Mayor of Mechelen, Belgium. He was previously City Councillor in Mechelen between 1994 and 2000, and became an MP, alternately in both the Federal and the Flemish parliaments, in Between 2003 and 2004 he was the Minister-President of Flanders. He is a member of the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open VLD) party, which he chaired between from 2004 to Hon. Somers was one of the three negotiators for the Open VLD party during the 2007 Belgian Government formation. Hon. Bodil Valero Hon. Bodil Valero is a member of the European Parliament and the Swedish Green Party. In the European Parliament, she serves on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs; the Committee on Petitions; the Sub-committee on Security and Defence; and the Delegation to the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly. In the Swedish Parliament she was the Green Party s spokesperson for foreign affairs and for migration issues. Over the years, her main focus has been on development cooperation, human rights, peace and security, global justice and opportunities for people to move around in the world. Hon. Valero plays an important role in AWEPA as Head of the Section in the European Parliament and as Political Coordinator for the Mozambique programme.
10 Hon. Abubakar Zein Abubakar Hon. Abubakar Zein Abubakar is a member of the Committee on Regional Affairs and Conflict Resolution, and the General Purpose Committee of the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA), the legislative arm of the East African Community (EAC). He is the former Chair of the Regional Affairs and Conflict Resolution Committee. Previously, he served as the Executive Director of the Uraia Trust, Kenya s largest national civic education and engagement programme, and a Commissioner on the Constitution of Kenya Review Commission (CKRC).