Prospects for a Regional Approach to Restoration in the Asia-Pacific Region:

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1 GLOBAL RESTORATION INITIATIVE Prospects for a Regional Approach to Restoration in the Asia-Pacific Region: Some Lessons from Latin America and Africa Charles Barber World Resources Institute

2 FORESTS AND LANDSCAPE RESTORATION ARE NOT JUST AFORESTATION OR REFORESTATION CURRENT CONDITION AGRICULTURE-FARMING AGRO-FORESTRY FORESTS ARE BEING CONVERTED INTO AGRICULTURE/FARMING LANDS DEGRADED LAND/ABANDONED LAND/CRITICAL LAND FORESTS, AGRICULTURE, AND AGRO-FORESTRY LANDS ARE NOT MANAGED PROPERLY AND TURNED INTO DEGRADED LANDS FOREST WITH NO INTERVENTION, WE WILL HAVE MORE DEGRADED, UNPRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE IN THE FUTURE 2

3 FORESTS AND LANDSCAPE RESTORATION ARE NOT JUST AFORESTATION OR REFORESTATION VISION FOR THE FUTURE AGRICULTURE-FARMING AGRO-FORESTRY DEGRADED LAND/ABANDONED LAND/CRITICAL LAND FOREST PRODUCTION INTENSIFICATION LANDSCAPE RESTORATION STOPPING DEFORESTATION AGRICULTURE-FARMING AGRO-FORESTRY FOREST FUNCTIONING & PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE

4 Opportunity: Restore productivity and function to degraded and deforested lands Today Vision for 2050 Agriculture Agro-forestry Intensify production Agriculture Degraded and Deforested Land Restore into mixed systems Agro-forestry Forest Avoid deforestation Forest 4

5 Restore a balance of economic, ecological and social returns within the landscape 5

6 IT S BEEN DONE BEFORE South Korea, 1960 South Korea, 2000 Forest cover from 35% to 64% Forest density increased 14x, population 2x, economy 25x

7 IT S BEEN DONE BEFORE Loess Plateau Before: Loess Plateau After: 2005 soil erosion on 920,000 hectares 99% in sediment in water 2.5 million people out of poverty

8 AMBITIOUS GLOBAL TARGETS EXIST Bonn Challenge 150m hectares under restoration by 2020 NY Declaration 350m hectares under restoration by 2030 Image: Flickr/CIFOR; Source: WRI 8

9 COMMITMENTS TO RESTORE ARE MOUNTING Bonn Challenge Launch (2011) UN Climate Summit (Sep 2014) COP20 in Lima (Dec 2014) COP21 in Paris (Dec 2015) total = 20 million total = 48 million total = 60 million goal= 100 million USA: 15 million Rwanda: 2 million Costa Rica: 1 million El Salvador: 1 million PACTO: 1 million Ethiopia: 15 million DRC: 8 million Uganda: 2.5 million Guatemala: 1.2 million Colombia: 1 million Chile: 100,000 Mexico: 8.5 million Peru: 3 million Panama: 1 million Ecuador: 500,000 Argentina & Chile: 1 million via Conservacion Patagonica India: 10 million China: 40 million Indonesia: 12 million Brazil: 12 million Kenya: 13 million Niger: 3.2 million Others 9

10 WHAT IS NEEDED TO SPARK A GLOBAL RESTORATION MOVEMENT? Ambitious targets - Bonn Challenge: 150 million hectares by NY Declaration: 350 million hectares by 2030 People who want to restore - Donors - Governments - Civil society organizations - Businesses - Landowners Inputs - Commitments - Assessments - Knowledge - Approaches - Materials - Financing - Monitoring Supporting entities - Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) - Global Restoration Council - Regional restoration initiatives 10

11 GLOBAL RESTORATION INITIATIVE Partnerships AFR100 (WRI lead) Initiative 20x20 (WRI lead) Asia (WRI not lead) Countries Africa (10) DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Togo, Uganda LAC (12) Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru Asia (2) India, Indonesia Core Offers Promote good practices Support scaling strategies Facilitate finance Monitor progress Strategy & Management Support Strategy Budgets & Finance Fundraising Comms M&E Systems

12 What needs to be done at the Regional Level? 1. Encourage political commitments 2. Provide technical support for implementation 3. Develop financial architecture and secure financing

13 TECHNICAL SUPPORT GLOBAL AMBITION New York Declaration on Forests FINANCIAL Brazil (ES) Chile Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Mexico Nicaragua Peru POLITICAL SETS THE AGENDA

14 Secure financing Private sector equity ($0.7 billion) Debt finance (5X equity) Partial Risk Guarantee ($0.1 billion) and Capitalization Fund Investment Readiness Fund ($10 million)

15 13 countries 41m hectares $1.02bn development finance $545m impact investment 11 technical partners Political CAR DRC Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mozambique Niger Rwanda Togo Uganda Financial BMZ World Bank Global Environment Facility (GEF) Moringa Partnership EcoPlanet Bamboo Green World Ventures Permian Global Terra Global Capital Form International NatureVest Technical NEPAD Agency GIZ Green Belt Movement FAO ICRAF IUCN Jane Goodall Institute Clinton Foundation Kijani LPFN TNC WRI 15

16 AFR100 Core partners: NEPAD Agency BMZ WRI Ambitious continental target of 100 million hectares by 2030 Formally adopted by the African Union 31 million hectares from 10 countries committed at COP21 Support committed thus far: 1 multilateral bank (World Bank) 7 impact investors (Moringa Partnership, Permian Global, NatureVest, EcoPlanet Bamboo, Green World Ventures, Terra Global Capital, Form International) 11 technical partners (NEPAD, WRI, FAO, Clinton Foundation, IUCN, TNC, FAO, ICRAF, Jane Goodall Institute, LPFN, Kijani, The Greenbelt Movement) 16

17 Millions 120 INDONESIA NON-FORESTED PLANTATION FORESTS SECONDARY FOREST HUTAN PRIMER LAND COVER & LEGAL STATUS STATISTICS FOREST ESTATE CONVERTIBLE FORESTS NON-FOREST ESTATE Source: Statistik Kehutanan 2013, Kementerian Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Hasil penafsiran citra Landsat 7 ETM+ liputan tahun 2012, Direktorat Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan

18 Millions mil Ha non-forested area within forest estate Not allowed to be used for non-forestry activities NON-FORESTED PLANTATION FORESTS SECONDARY FOREST HUTAN PRIMER mil Ha forested area within nonforest estate Prone to be deforested and converted to non-forest land FOREST ESTATE CONVERTIBLE FORESTS NON-FOREST ESTATE Source: Statistik Kehutanan 2013, Kementerian Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Hasil penafsiran citra Landsat 7 ETM+ liputan tahun 2012, Direktorat Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan

19 Millions 120 NON-FORESTED PLANTATION FORESTS SECONDARY FOREST HUTAN PRIMER CONSERVATION EFFORTS FOREST ESTATE CONVERTIBLE FORESTS NON-FOREST ESTATE Source: Statistik Kehutanan 2013, Kementerian Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Hasil penafsiran citra Landsat 7 ETM+ liputan tahun 2012, Direktorat Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan

20 Millions 120 NON-FORESTED PLANTATION FORESTS SECONDARY FOREST HUTAN PRIMER RESTORATION EFFORTS ? FOREST ESTATE CONVERTIBLE FORESTS NON-FOREST ESTATE Source: Statistik Kehutanan 2013, Kementerian Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Hasil penafsiran citra Landsat 7 ETM+ liputan tahun 2012, Direktorat Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan

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