1 Sction 1 ARMY VALUES Valus and Ethics Track Ky Points 1 Th Svn Army Valus (LDRSHIP) 2 Army Valus and Amrican Valus 3 Rlating Prsonal Valus to Army Valus Thr is a grat dal of talk about loyalty from th bottom to th top. Loyalty from th top down is vn mor ncssary and much lss prvalnt. GEN Gorg S. Patton Citd in FM 6-22, Army Ladrship: Comptnt, Confidnt, and Agil
2 Army Valus n 139 Introduction As you hav discovrd in prvious lssons, Army Valus ar Amrican valus. As you hav also larnd, Soldirs must liv ths valus mor intnsivly and profssionally than most othrs liv thm in civilian lif, bcaus Soldirs srv to protct this nation and th valus upon which it was foundd. It follows, thn, that Army Valus ar th foundation for actions in accord with th Warrior Ethos. As a futur ladr, you must nsur that your Soldirs undrstand and apply thos valus. Th Army Valus dfin your charactr and guid your actions as you dvlop your ladrship styl. You must mbody ths valus vry day in your dcision making and problm solving, and spcially in stting th xampl for your Soldirs. Walking th talk is ky to applying ths fundamntal valus, whatvr th stting, whatvr th mission. All Army ladrs from th most junior to th highst lvl must put th svn Army Valus into practic in thir own daily livs. Knowing and living Army Valus so that you act thm out in all dcision making, whthr prsonal or profssional, rquirs you to focus on thr aras: 1. Th Army Valus thmslvs 2. Th Army Valus in th contxt of th nation s valus th Constitution and Amrican history 3. Th Army Valus as thy rlat to your bcoming a ladr who livs thm. As you rad mor about th svn Army Valus in this sction, rflct on how you, as a Cadt and as a futur officr, can put thos valus into action to hav th most positiv impact possibl on thos you lad. Th following vigntt illustrats how on junior officr livd th Army Valus h had larnd. Army Valus th univrsal valus of loyalty, duty, rspct, slflss srvic, honor, intgrity, and prsonal courag that nabl you to s what is right or wrong in any situation and mak dcisions basd on thos valus Warrior Ethos th profssional attituds and blifs that charactriz th Amrican Soldir and form th foundation for his or hr total commitmnt to victory in pac and in war 1st Infantry Division Soldir Rcivs Thr Awards for Hroism May 26, 2005 A 3rd Brigad Combat Tam Soldir [BCT] from th 1st Infantry Division was awardd th Silvr Star, th Soldir s Mdal, and th Bronz Star with Valor this month for his actions on thr sparat occasions during Opration Iraqi Frdom at crmonis hld in Grmany. First Lt. Karl Grgory, of th Grmany-basd 1st Infantry Division, was awardd th Bronz Star with Valor at a crmony in Vilsck, Grmany, for xcptional courag and conspicuous gallantry whil srving as a Bradly Fighting Vhicl Platoon Ladr during combat action in Fallujah, Iraq, during Opration Phantom Fury in Novmbr On May 16, First Infantry Division commandr Maj. Gn. John Batist prsntd Grgory with th Soldir s Mdal. Th award citd Grgory s ddication to his fllow Soldirs and complt disrgard for his own safty whn h swam across a canal to rscu four Soldirs trappd in a submrgd vhicl. Th sam day, Grgory was prsntd [his] final award in front of th ntir division. During th 1st Infantry Division s Wlcom Hom Crmony, Lt. Gn.
3 140 n SECTION 1 Ricardo Sanchz, Commanding Gnral, V Corps, prsntd Grgory th Silvr Star Mdal for gallantry in th fac of suprior nmy prsnc during an insurgnt uprising in Baqubah, Iraq, on 24 Jun Whil attachd to th 3 BCT Rcon Troop during havy fighting to rgain control of ky trrain in th city, 1LT Grgory s hroic actions dstroyd or disprsd th nmy s prsnc in th wstrn portion of th city. In th fight to rgain control of a stadium occupid by mor than 30 insurgnts, svral of his Soldirs wr woundd. Grgory stood his ground until his woundd wr vacuatd and both of his Bradly s turrts wr disabld. Evn aftr having bn woundd in th fac by a rockt-proplld grnad and knockd unconscious by an improvisd xplosiv dvic, h rturnd to mak sur that no on was lft bhind. Th Silvr Star is an award dsignatd solly for hroism in combat. Grgory is on of fiv Soldirs from th 2nd Battalion, 2nd Infantry to rciv th mdal for thir actions during Opration Iraqi Frdom. Critical Thinking How did 1LT Grgory s actions in th vigntt abov xprss ach of th svn Army Valus? How did 1LT Grgory s display of th Army Valus affct his unit s ffctivnss? As thy do with all Army ladrs, th Army Valus guid officrs in thir daily actions. Ths valus manifst thmslvs as principls of action. Anothr ssntial part of officrship is a shard profssional idntity. This slf-concpt, consisting of four intrrlatd idntitis, inspirs and shaps th officr s bhavior. Ths idntitis ar warrior, srvant of th Nation, mmbr of a profssion, and ladr of charactr. As a warrior and ladr of warriors, th officr adhrs to th Soldir s Crd and th Warrior Ethos. An officr s rsponsibility as a public srvant is first to th Nation, thn to th Army, and thn to his unit and his Soldirs. As a profssional, th officr is obligatd to b comptnt and stay abrast of changing rquirmnts. As a ladr of charactr, officrs ar xpctd to liv up to institutional and National thical valus. FM 6-22, Army Ladrship: Comptnt, Confidnt, and Agil
4 Army Valus n 141 Army Valus Loyalty Duty Rspct Slflss Srvic Honor Intgrity Prsonal Courag Figur 1.1 Th Army Valus Th Svn Army Valus (LDRSHIP) Army Valus originat in th cntral blifs of our Amrican cultur: lov of frdom, rspct for th individual, sacrific for othrs, and dfrnc to th law of th land. Thy dscrib th dpth and substanc of th Amrican charactr our history, our sacrifics, and our common hritag. So whn you mbrac and choos to liv Army Valus, you ar truly ndorsing th ssnc of your primary mission: to protct th Unitd Stats and its way of lif. That is your mission, your purpos, and your oath. You rad and har in th mdia vry day rports that Amrican valus hav rodd and that honor is dad. But th svn Army Valus projct a proud and frvnt Amrican tradition of idalism that will support you in your pursuit of xcllnc as an Army officr. Loyalty Loyalty is baring witnss to your allgianc to th US Constitution and its idals, to th Army, to your unit, to your fllow Soldirs and subordinats, and to yourslf as an Army profssional. Loyalty mans placing your profssional obligations and commitmnts bfor your prsonal ons. It mans ddication to carrying out all of your unit s missions and to srving faithfully th valus of th country, th Army, and your unit. Duty Duty involvs fulfilling all of your profssional, lgal, and moral obligations and accomplishing all tasks to th fullst of your ability. Duty mans accpting rsponsibility for your actions and thos of your subordinats. Doing your duty prohibits ngaging in illgal and immoral actions. Duty also rquirs your disobdinc of unlawful ordrs thos that run countr to th Army s doctrin, standard practics, and valus. If I do my full duty, th rst will tak car of itslf. GEN Gorg S. Patton
5 142 n SECTION 1 SPC Casy Carroll saw whr his duty lay whn h rturnd to Iraq in 2005 dspit bing woundd in combat. Injurd Soldir Rcovrs, Rturns to Combat Zon CAMP TIGERLAND, Iraq (Aug. 15, 2005) An injurd infantryman [rturnd] to his unit in Iraq on month aftr bing snt hom. Doctors snt Spc. Casy Carroll hom in March aftr h lost a fingr from a vhicl-born improvisd-xplosiv dvic. Howvr, his intntions wr not to stay thr. Thy snt m hom for good, but I wnt hom to build myslf back up so I could gt back to my unit, said th 22-yar-old fathr of two. Whil Carroll s unit was invstigating suspicious activity along Rout Irish a vhicl xplodd, killing on Soldir and wounding four, including Carroll, who lost his right pinky fingr and took shrapnl in his hip and foot. On month latr, Carroll was on his way back to Baghdad. Carroll said h has a duty to his country, rsponsibility to this unit, and ows it to his childrn. If w don t fix ths problms now, my kids, and your kids, will hav to com back hr and do it for us, said Carroll. Army Nws Srvic Considration of Othrs (CO2) an Army program dvlopd to fostr cohsion, tamwork, and disciplind and thical conduct CO2 rfrs to rspcting othrs and having rgard for thir opinions, idas, and cultur; an undrlying philosophy intndd to improv unit moral, productivity, and mission focus Rspct As an Army officr, you ar chargd with promoting dignity, fairnss, and qual opportunity for othrs. Rspct mans trating popl as thy should b tratd and as you xpct to b tratd. It rquirs having rgard for othrs wll-bing, flings, and nds. Th Army calls this Considration of Othrs (CO2) you will larn mor about th CO2 philosophy and program latr on in your ROTC studis. Slflss Srvic Slflss srvic mans placing Army prioritis bfor your own. You considr th wlfar of th nation, your mission, and your fllow Soldirs and subordinats bfor your prsonal safty. Slflss srvic mans a willingnss to sacrific for th country, th Army, and your unit. This dos not man that you forgt about th nds of your family or yourslf. Slflss srvic prvnts a narrow, ambitious focus on carrism for gain or glory. This valu guids you in giving crdit whr crdit is du and sharing your succsss. Honor Your honor is your most valuabl possssion; if you los it, vrything ls is worthlss. In military srvic, honor is probably th prim motivation for your actions and undrlis th othr six Army Valus. Honor compls you to adhr to th Army Valus and givs you th ability to mak moral dcisions basd on your dp prsonal valus and your conscinc. Honor rquirs you to xcd standards whnvr possibl and uphold th Soldir s Crd and your oath as an officr. Striv to uphold your honor in all you do.
6 Army Valus n 143 SGT Robrt Rosa and SPC Casy Oliviri from Fort Hood, Txas, did th right thing whn thy witnssd an auto accidnt in July Soldirs Sav Livs Aftr Car Accidnt FORT HOOD, Txas (Aug. 17, 2005) On July 20, two Soldirs from 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Rgimnt, assistd thr tnag girls from a wrckd vhicl, saving thir livs. Sgt. Robrt Rosa and Spc. Casy Oliviri witnssd th trribl car accidnt, and without thinking, crossd th mdian of th highway and startd to rndr assistanc. It was a quick dcision. Oliviri said. Th vhicl was flippd upsid down. All you could s was smok coming up and a foot sticking out. Onc on th scn, thy rmovd two of th thr tnag girls from th vhicl and bgan administring first aid whil waiting for mrgncy prsonnl to arriv. Th two Soldirs usd napkins and watr to stop th blding and, although mchanics by trad, thy said that thir Army first aid training hlpd thm stabiliz th girls. Whn th mrgncy tchnicians arrivd, th two hlpd carry th girls to th ambulanc. Fir Chif Woody Williamson of th Nolanvill Fir and Rscu was so imprssd with th Soldirs that h calld thir chain of command to lt thir ladrs know what th Soldirs had don. Rosa and Oliviri said thy did not tll anyon about hlping out with th accidnt and wr surprisd whn thy wr calld out in a formation th nxt day. Two days latr thy wr awardd th Army Achivmnt Mdal. Lt. Col. Kith Gogas, commandr of 6-9 Cavalry, said th actions of Rosa and Oliviri ar an xampl for othr Soldirs to follow. H said it would hav bn asy for ths Soldirs to look th othr way, but thy chos to assist and thir actions hlpd stabiliz [th girls ] injuris and xpdit thir transportation to th hospital. Th Soldirs said thy think any othr Soldir would hav don th sam thing. It was th right thing to do, Rosa said. W r Soldirs 24 7 and that s what Soldirs do. Army Nws Srvic Intgrity Intgrity mans compltnss and wholnss. Intgrity lads you to unity and consistncy in your principls, valus, and bhavior. It rquirs you to b candid and sincr with your prs, subordinats, and supriors. Intgrity calls upon you to b honst and honorabl in word and dd at all tims.
7 144 n SECTION 1 Prsonal Courag A wis ladr onc said that couragous popl ar afraid, too thy just hold on for a minut longr. You can xhibit two typs of courag. Physical courag nabls you to fac far, dangr, and advrsity in any situation. Moral courag mans acting with honor, rspcting othrs, and taking rsponsibility for your actions and dcisions. In th Army, you gt a mdal for acting bravly. But dcorations ar mrly cloth and mtal symbols of your innr strngth of charactr that lads to couragous acts. SPC Taylor Burk, an Army mdic, dmonstratd his courag whn h savd th lif of anothr Soldir undr fir in Iraq. Hroic Mdic Rturns to Iraq, Gts Bronz Star Novmbr 5, 2004 Aftr svral months rcuprating from injuris, Spc. Taylor Burk rturnd Oct. 27 to Forward Oprating Bas Falcon and was prsntd th Bronz Star h had arnd back in April. Burk dmonstratd his prsonal courag in th April firfight and his loyalty to fllow Soldirs from Company C, 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry Rgimnt. Th sam day his unit took control of th Al Dora sctor of Abu Dashir, [it] cam undr fir from anti-iraqi forcs. Th contact grw into a larg fiv-hour firfight against mor than 150 insurgnts. During th battl, th vhicl Burk was in cam undr attack from svral diffrnt dirctions. Th gunnr was hit in th lg and th fac. Burk immdiatly bgan to rndr aid to his falln comrad. H applid a tourniqut to th Soldir s lg, which officials said savd his lif. It wasn t until latr on at th hospital that anybody ralizd Burk also had bn hit. Burk had takn a bullt in his hl, which damagd his bon. Burk rcivd a Purpl Hart Mdal and th Combat Mdical Badg whil h was in th hospital. H was th first mdic in his battalion to arn th CMB. Whn qustiond about his actions that day, Burk humbly rplid, I just did my job. Army Nws Srvic Army Valus and Amrican Valus In th documnts Amricans hold as sacrd to th foundation of this nation th Dclaration of Indpndnc, th Constitution, and th Bill of Rights citizns hav put into words thir national valus for th world to rad and pondr. Amricans bliv that a fr socity grants ach individual citizn th frdom to mak his or hr own moral and lifstyl choics. Indd, many countris hav modld thmslvs aftr th Unitd Stats by writing constitutions that vry much rsmbl th US Constitution.
8 Army Valus n 145 Critical Thinking Unlss Amrican valus wr statmnts of som dp, univrsal human truths and a moral striving toward good, why would othr countris modl thir constitutions on that of th Unitd Stats? Blif in th Amrican valus systm lis at th hart of your dsir to pursu a carr as an Army officr. At th cor of vry Soldir is th willingnss and dsir to srv th nation both its popl and its nduring valus. Army Valus, thrfor, rflct Amrican valus. Th Warrior Ethos mbodis th profssional attituds and blifs that charactriz th Amrican Soldir. This thos is a rflction of our nation s idals and valus by th profssion chargd with protcting thos vry valus. Soldirs who liv th Warrior Ethos put th wlfar of thir unit first, rfus to accpt dfat or distraction, and nvr giv up until thy accomplish thir mission. Thy hav absolut faith in thmslvs and thir tam bcaus thy hold common blifs and valus. Army Valus and th Warrior Ethos ar intgral parts of a unifid systm of blifs th Amrican valus systm. Thy guid who you ar and what you will bcom as an Amrican Soldir. Figur 1.2 Th Warrior Ethos
9 146 n SECTION 1 Rlating Prsonal Valus to Army Valus Your prsonal valus as a Soldir and as an Army ladr should rflct and amplify Army Valus and th Amrican valus systm. As a small-unit ladr, you ar particularly visibl as an xampl, and your dcisions and actions spak volums for your charactr. You should striv for consistncy in your actions. That is not to say vry dcision will b asy or corrct. You should xpct and plan for moral complxity and vn rror, spcially in combat situations. Us th svn Army Valus as your tst for dcision making. B on your guard. If it fls wrong, th issu is probably unfolding countr to your training and your valus. Th Moral Compass It s oftn said that human bings hav a moral compass insid an invisibl mchanism that automatically points popl toward th right thing to do. You can crtainly ignor your moral compass; somtims circumstancs shak it so badly that, for a tim, it no longr points tru. But whn you rflct on your valus, th compass ndl always sms to rturn to th right cours. That s whr Army Valus hlp. Thy giv ach individual, tam, platoon, company, division, and th Army an orintation for moral dcisions in vryday lif, spcially during strssful situations. Critical Thinking What is a sourc of your own prsonal valus? Prsonal Valus In a fr socity, ach prson is abl to choos valus that align with his or hr own prsonal agnda. Th Army Valus ar intndd to focus your prsonal and profssional agnda on protcting th country and winning wars. But th Army blivs in multipl sourcs for shaping valus. It taks valus vry sriously and promots th svn Army Valus as ssntial guids. As you considr your futur with th Army, considr how th Army Valus align with your own prsonal blifs and profssional agnda. Parnts From th momnt you wr born, your parnts providd you with rol modls that hlpd you formulat th valus you will us throughout your lif. Thir influnc may hav bn strong and ovrt, or it may hav bn a quitr, mor subtl kind, but your parnts gav you th basic valus programming you consultd into your lat tns. Aftr that, you startd making your own moral dcisions and choics. If thir influnc was positiv, you v probably found it rlativly asy to mak good dcisions. Critical Thinking Think for a momnt about how your parnts hav influncd your choics. What rcnt dcision did thir influnc hlp you mak? Was thir influnc positiv?
10 Army Valus n 147 Critical Thinking How can your collg studis, which incras your undrstanding of our nation s history and valus, strngthn your undrstanding and application of Army Valus? Prs Whil th concpt of pr prssur may sm a cliché, pr prssur is a powrful forc in forming an individual s valus systm for good or ill. Th trick to gtting positiv pr prssur is asy pick your prs carfully! Th old xprssion If you li down with dogs, you will gt up with flas sums up why you should sk positiv pr prssur and avoid ngativ influncs on your dcisions and actions. Education To ducat mans to lad out of in Latin. But lad whom out of what? Th Grk philosophr Plato told a story mor than 2,400 yars ago about a cav whr vryon was chaind in darknss. All anyon could s was shadows by firlight. On prson brok fr, lft th cav, and saw th outsid world in th sunlight as it rally was. Whn h wnt back into th cav and told about his journy, th othr prisonrs thought h was insan and that h had ruind his ysight! Education is lik that: It changs you profoundly, forvr. Many of th valus you will us in your Army (and prhaps latr civilian) carr ar bing formd right now in this cours, in your othr classs, and in your total collg xprinc. On vry important influnc ducation has on valus formation is that it promots a widr vision of th world and broadr considration of othr points of viw. A prson is said to b librally ducatd whn h or sh can s bnath th surfac, analyz, and apprciat diffrncs in idas, things, and popl, and thn apply that undrstanding to lif. Rligion Your rligious blifs, nxt to your parnts valus, ar among th most influntial sourcs of your own valus formation. As thy grow up, som popl may mov closr to th rligious blifs of thir familis and parnts. Othr popl may mov away from thir rligious hritag or mbrac anothr. Whthr you ar a rligious prson or not, rmmbr that spiritual blifs and moral valus ar closly allid and can influnc ach othr. B opn to your cor rligious affiliation and thos of othrs. Rspct all rligions as an ssntial xprssion of othr popl s nd to discovr maning in thir livs. Army Valus profoundly rflct this call to rspct th nds of othrs. Tchnology Pablo Picasso ( ) onc rmarkd that computrs ar uslss bcaus thy only giv us answrs. What h mant was that tchnology is not an nd in itslf, but a tool you can us to xplor th world. Th hard part of valus formation is sking out th tough philosophical qustions that should undrli your blifs. Rmmbr that tchnology xists to mak our jobs and livs asir, but working wll with tchnology shouldn t rplac working wll with popl.
11 148 n SECTION 1 CONCLUSION You hav larnd that svn cor Army Valus guid ladrs and Soldirs actions. In analyzing ach of ths valus, you undrstand that thy also rflct th nation s valus. Chargd with th dfns of th nation, whn facd with applying th Army Valus as a ladr, you rcogniz that you hav a gratr rsponsibility and fac mor challngs than th ordinary citizn facs. Th way to assum your rsponsibility and mt thos challngs succssfully is to start applying ths valus today in th most ordinary situations on campus and lswhr. In that way, you will build th xprinc and strngth of charactr to mak th right choics whn th situation is difficult and you must mak th call. Ky Words Army Valus Warrior Ethos Considration of Othrs (CO2) Larning Assssmnt 1. Nam th svn Army Valus. Which on is cntral to th othr six? Why? 2. Tll how Army Valus grow out of cor Amrican valus. 3. Nam th origins of prsonal valus. Which has bn your gratst sourc of moral guidanc?
12 Army Valus n 149 Rfrncs DA PAM , Ladrship Statmnts and Quots. 1 Novmbr FM 6-22, Army Ladrship: Comptnt, Confidnt, and Agil. 12 Octobr Morgan, J. (5 Novmbr 2004). Hroic mdic rturns to Iraq, gts Bronz Star. Army Nws Srvic. Rtrivd 24 August 2005 from story_id_ky=6527 Robichaux, E. (12 August 2005). Injurd Soldir rcovrs, rturns to combat zon. Army Nws Srvic. Rtrivd 24 August 2005 from story_id_ky=7729 Rockhill, C. (17 August 2005). Soldirs sav livs aftr car accidnt. Army Nws Srvic. Rtrivd 24 August 2005 from ky=7758 US Army. (26 May 2005). 1st Infantry Division Soldir rcivs thr awards for hroism. Soldir Storis. Rtrivd 3 August 2005 from story_id_ky=7384