osuree :18 The Swedish values

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1 Occupational Expo osuree Limit Values, AFS 2011: :18 The Swedish Work Environment Authority's provisionss and general recommendations on occupational exposure e limit values

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3 AFS 2011:18 Contents The Swedish Work Environment Authority's provisions and general recommendations on occupational exposure limit values Aim and areas of application... 5 Definitions... 6 When assessing and measuring the content of air contaminants... 7 How the content of air contaminants shall be measured... 7 How the results shall be documented Measures to take when limit values are exceeded Entry into force and transitional stipulations Appendix 1 List of limit values Explanations of the terms used in the list Notes concerning the list of limit values Comments regarding note 2 to the list of limit values Appendix 2 Information to be included in a measurement report Appendix 3 Example of the calculation of time weighted averages and hygienic effect Appendix 4 CAS number index

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5 The Swedish Work Environment Authority s Statute Book The Swedish Work Environment Authority's provisions and general recommendations on occupational exposure limitt values; Adopted 29 November AFSS 2011:18 Published on 16 th December The following Provisions 1 are issued by the Swedish Work Environment Authority pursuant to Section 18 of the Work Environment Ordinance (1977:1166) and the following general recommendations are adopted. Aim and areas of application 1 The aim off these provisions is to prevent ill health resulting from expos occur or sure to the agents listed herein. These provisions apply too all activities where air contaminantsc are formed. 1 cf. the following directives: Council Directive 94/42/EC of 7 April 1998 on the protectionn of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to chemical agents at work (fourteenth individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of directivee 89/391/EEC) (EGT( L 131, , p. 11, Celex 31998L0024) ). Directive 2004/37/EEC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 299 April 2004 on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to carcinogens or mutagens at work (Sixth individual Directive within the meaning of Article A 16(1) of Council Directive 89/391/EEC) (EUT L 158, , p. 50, Celex 32004L0037). Directive 2009/148/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 300 November 2009 on the protection of workerss from the risks related to exposure to asbestoss at work (EUT L 330, , p. 28, Celex 32009L0148).. Commission Directive 91/322/EEC of 29 May 1991 on establishing indicative limit values by implementing Council Directive 80/ /1107/EEG on the protection of workers from the risks related r to exposure to chemical, physical and biologicall agents at work.(egt L 177, , p. 24, Celex 31991L0322). Commission Directive 2000/39/EC of 8 June 2000 establishing a first list of indicative occupational exposure limit values in implementation of Council Directive 98/24/EC on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the riskss related to chemical agents at work. (EGT L 142, , p.. 47, Celex 32000L0039). Commission Directive 2006/15/EC of 7 February 2006 establishing a second list of indicative occupational exposure limit values in implementation of Council Directive 98/ /24/EC and amending Directives 91/322/EEC and 2000/39/ EC. (EUT L 38, , p. 36, Celex 32006L0015). Commission Directive 2009/161/EU of 17 December 2009 establishing a third list of indicative occupational exposure limit values in implementation of Council Directive 98/ /24/EC and amending Commission Directivee 2000/39/EC (EUT L 338, , p. 87, Celex 32009L0161). 5

6 AFS 2011:18 General recommendations: Air contaminants can contain elements of chemical, microbiological and other organic air contaminants. Organic air contaminants can be, for example, flour dust or epithelial skin from animals. When workers are exposed to several types of air contaminants, the following provisions of the Swedish Work Environment Authority apply at one and the same time: - occupational exposure limit values - chemical work environment risks, - microbiological work environment risks infection, toxigeneric effect, hypersensitivity. Definitions 2 Within the provisions, the following terms and definitions apply. Air contaminant Occupational exposure Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short term value A substance or a mixture of substances present in air which, if over a certain level, can cause ill health. The highest acceptable average content level of an air contaminant in air which is to be inhaled, calculated as a time weighted average. A hygienic limit value is either a level limit value or a ceiling value. An occupational exposure limit value for exposure during a working day, normally 8 hours. An occupational exposure limit value for exposure during a reference period of 15 minutes. For ammonium, monoisocyanates and diisocyanates a 5 minute reference period applies. A recommended highest value for exposure calculated as time weighted average over a reference period of 15 minutes. Short term values are the recommended values. They serve as a guideline in protection work and are used in the assessment of exposure conditions. 6

7 AFS 2011:18 When assessing and measuring the content of air contaminants 3 The content level of air contaminants in inhaled air shall be acceptable according to the limit values described in Appendix 1. To ensure that content levels are acceptable, they shall be tested through an assessment of exposure, in accordance with section 9 of the provisions regarding chemical hazards in the working environment and, if necessary, through measurement of exposure, in accordance with sections 4-7 of these provisions. General recommendations: It may be necessary to carry out measurements when, for example, new equipment is first used or when changes in work activities could result in air contamination. When there is a choice of more than one limit value for a substance or air contaminant, the lower value shall apply, as exposure must be acceptable with respect to all limit values. How the content of air contaminants shall be measured 4 The person measuring air contaminants shall have undergone education which provides both theoretical and practical knowledge of - how measurements are planned and carried out, - how measurement data shall be treated, - how results should be interpreted, - how these can be shown in a measurement report according to Appendix 2. General recommendations: It is important that the person carrying out the measurements has the requisite knowledge of current measurement methods, how measurements should be carried out, measurement uncertainty, measurement error sources and is familiar with the instruments to be used. It is also important that this person has good insight into the prevalent conditions in the workplace concerned. How measurements can be carried out and used for the assessment of exposure is described in the standard Workplace atmospheres Guidance for the assessment of exposure by inhalation to chemical agents for comparison with limit values and measurement strategy (SS-EN 689). 7

8 AFS 2011:18 5 Measurements shall be planned in co-operation between employers and concerned employees, in addition to safety representatives, if such should exist. The analytic methods and the equipment to be used should be suitable for the agents which are to be measured. Particular attention should be paid to the specific properties of the measuring equipment and the duration of exposure. General recommendations: When measuring, samples are collected which will later be analyzed in a laboratory. The measurement equipment being used may mean that pumps are required and these must be calibrated before use. Other equipment may require the use of direct reading instruments, which saves all the measurement data which is later to be evaluated. 6 Measurements shall be carried out in a breathing zone on as many people as possible, so that exposure can be assessed for all involved. Measurements shall refer to normal operating conditions. They shall also, where required, illustrate exposure under other conditions. General recommendations: The purpose of the measurement is to acquire as accurate a picture of the exposure as possible. There is often a connection between exposure levels and the way in which various people carry out their work. This means that measurement of exposure, especially on the first occasion, may need to involve a number of those who are subject to exposure in the workplace. However, at workplaces where several persons are judged to have a similar level of exposure, measurement of every fifth person is sufficient. The measurement positioning measurement or test equipment as close as possible to the nose and mouth, i.e. the distance should not exceed the 0.3 m breathing zone. In cases where there is still a high content level in the air, despite measures taken in accordance with the provisions on chemical hazards in the working environment, measurements can be taken from inside a protective mask or visor. Low exposure levels inside the mask may still mean that measures are required to reduce exposure in the surrounding area. For the possibility to calculate the exposure when breathing masks are used and when measurements are performed outside of these, the level of protection provided by the mask must be known; this should be evident from the mask s directions for use. Another factor which can affect the function of the protective device is leakage, where the mask does not fit tightly enough to the face due to hair growth, or where the breathing mask 8

9 AFS 2011:18 fits poorly or is the wrong size, or where the protective equipment has been poorly maintained. 7 The measurement shall be carried out over a period long enough to ensure reliability and so that results can be compared with a level limit value. The portion of the working hours included in the measurement shall be representative of the exposure. If exposure only occurs during a certain part of the day, then it is sufficient to carry out measurements at that time. If the work is carried out in shifts, measurements shall be taken during the various shifts, according to the manner in which the work differs from shift to shift. The measurement shall cover the time period to which the ceiling value refers and be carried out at those times when exposure can be assumed to be at its highest, so that the results of the measurement can be compared with a ceiling value. When there is reason to suspect a high level of transient air contaminants, and there is no ceiling value, exposure can be compared with the short term value. A sampling such as this should be carried out for a period of 15 minutes. When someone is exposed to agents with synergistic effects and similar mechanisms of action, the combined effect of the agents shall be assessed. General recommendations: The average content level, i.e. the time weighted average of an air contaminant, is acceptable if the limit value is not exceeded. Isolated transgressions can be tolerated if the average value for several measurements lies under the limit value. The objective should be that the quality of air to be inhaled is such that the average content level of the air contaminants does not exceed the limit value, even for short periods during part of a working day. A working day normally comprises eight hours and, as a rule, measurement should be carried out for at least 75 % of the working hours. It is not acceptable that a part-time employee be exposed to higher levels of air contaminants due to their shorter total exposure time. In the event of longer working periods, 12 hours for example, a standard referencing method may be employed. The method involves reducing the limit value proportionately through the multiplication of a factor of 8/X, where X is the length of the working day, in hours. In the 12 hour example, the limit value would be multiplied by a factor of 8/12. Exposure equivalent to a 15 minute ceiling value should not occur for more than 15 minutes per hour. Exposure equivalent to a 5 minute ceiling value should not occur more than once every 20 minutes. 9

10 AFS 2011:18 Time weighted average: The measured average concentration of the air contamination shall be calculated as a time weighted average. With fulltime sampling, this value is produced directly from measurement. With part-time sampling, the time weighted average value C m is calculated using the following formula: C m C1xt1 C2xt2 C3xt3... Cnxtn t t t... t n where C 1, C 2, C 3 etc. is the measured content for each part-time sample, and t 1, t 2, t 3 etc. is the sampling time for each part-time sample. An example of the calculation of the average content level of a substance can be found in Appendix 3. In order to achieve sufficient certainty in the measurement results, 75% of working hours should be measured, as a rule. If exposure varies a great deal during the course of a normal working day, it may be necessary to carry out measurements throughout the whole working day. Hygienic effect: For substances with synergistic effects and similar effect mechanisms, the combined effect of the substances shall be assessed. This is done through the calculation of the hygienic effect which is equivalent to the sum of the quotients between the measured content for each substance and their hygienic limit value. Exposure is usually considered to be acceptable if the hygienic effect is 1, at the highest. The combined, additive, hygienic effect can be summarized in the following formula: C1 C2 C3 Cn HE... G G G G 1 2 where C 1, C 2, C 3 etc. are measured content levels for the substances 1, 2, 3 etc. and G 1, G 2, G 3 etc. are the limit values for these substances, expressed as the same unit. An example of the calculation of hygienic effect can be found in Appendix 3. The narcotic, intoxicating or anaesthetic effects which organic solvents have on the central nervous system are one example of an instance when the effects of different substances should be combined. For solvents whose hygienic limit value is established with consideration for effects other than those which affect the central nervous system, e.g., benzene, a separate assessment shall be made. For benzene, the limit value is set based on its carcinogenic effect and, in terms of the limit value 3 n 10

11 AFS 2011:18 level, benzene contributes only very slightly to the general effects of the solvent. How the results shall be documented 8 The measurement results shall be documented in a measurement report. The documentation shall contain all necessary information so that the exposure to air contaminants can be assessed. The information found in Appendix 2 shall always be accounted for in the measurement report. General recommendations: A particular protocol is followed when measurements are carried out. When the measurement results are complete, a measurement report is produced. Sufficient information is required, in order for the exposure to air contaminants to be assessed. It is therefore important that the measurement report fully describes the conditions which prevailed at the time the measurements were carried out, i.e. the quantities, the number of manufactured units per day, etc. and that the report states any deviations from the norm. Please refer to Appendix 2 of these provisions for further details. The measurement report can provide information regarding the efficiency of any measures taken. Furthermore, the report can form the basis for later assessments, should further exposure measurements need to be carried out. The measurement report can also be an important source of information for other surveys of exposure levels. Section 3 of the Work Environment Ordinance states that measurement reports resulting from professional hygienic measurements shall be available for at least 5 years. If activities are transferred, then the measurement reports shall be assigned to the new operator. Measures to take when limit values are exceeded 9 If a measurement of air contaminants shows that the hygienic limit values, according to these provisions, have been exceeded, actions shall be taken to lower exposure and reduce the risks. Recommendations on the measures to be considered can be found in section 16 of the Swedish Work Environment Authority s provisions on chemical hazards in the working environment. 11

12 AFS 2011:18 Entry into force and transitional stipulations 1. This statute enter into force on 1 July 2012 and at the same time the Swedish Work Environment Authority s provisions (AFS 2005:17) on hygienic limit values and measures against air contaminants are repealed. 2. As far as the limit value for bisphenol A in Appendix 1 is concerned, this statute comes into force on 18 December Authorizations granted according to the repealed provisions, shall apply in accordance with the Swedish Work Environment Authority s provisions (AFS 2011:19) on chemical hazards in the working environment. MIKAEL SJÖBERG Claes Trägårdh Anna Middelman 12

13 AFS 2011:18 Appendix 1 List of limit values Explanations of the terms used in the list Limit values exist for various types of air contaminants and also for groups of agents. For agents with a dust limit value, the list states whether this applies to inhalable dust, total dust or respirable dust. The definitions for the various sorts of dust are described in note 2 to the list of limit values. The limit values for the various entities are given according to the table below. Type of air contaminant Unit Gases, vapours mg/m 3 ppm (ml/m 3, cm 3 /m 3 ) Dust, smoke, haze, aerosol mg/m 3 Enzymes glycin units/m 3 Fibres fibres/cm 3 Radon Bq/m 3 For recalculation between ppm and mg/m 3, the following formula has been used. This applies at 20 C and 101,3 kpa (760 mm Hg). The values have been rounded off. 3 Conc.( mg / m ) Molarweigh t( g / mole) xconc.( ppm) 24,1( l / mole) 24.1 = molar volume at 20 C and kpa. # New substances or substances with retested limit values in relation to the Swedish Work Environment Authority s provisions on hygienic limit values and measures against air contaminants (AFS 2005:17) are marked with a #. CAS no. is the agent s identification number according to Chemical Abstract Service. A list of the CAS numbers of the agents in the list of limit values can be found in Appendix 4. The list also contains agents which are forbidden or for which authorization is required (A and B agents, respec- 13

14 AFS 2011:18 tively), please refer to the provisions on chemical hazards in the working environment. * For group limit values, only one CAS number is given. For copper and inorganic compounds, the CAS number for copper is given. In these cases, the CAS number is marked with a *. Year The year when the substance was introduced into the list, or when the limit value for a certain substance was last retested, is stated in the table. In the column marked remarks it is stated whether the substance belongs to one of the categories below with the following symbols: B = Exposure for certain chemical substances approaching existing professional hygienic limit values and simultaneous exposure to noise levels approaching the action value of 80 db can cause damage to hearing. C = The substance is carcinogenic. There is a cancer risk even with an exposure other than inhalation. For certain carcinogenic substances which do not have limit values, prohibition may apply or authorization may be required, in accordance with the provisions on chemical hazards in the working environment. H = The substance can easily be absorbed through the skin. The prescribed limit value is deemed to provide sufficient protection only on the condition that the skin is protected against exposure to the substance in question. M = Medical supervision may be required for handling of this substance. Please refer to the provisions on occupational medical supervision. For certain substances, medical control is required only when the substance is used as a thermosetting plastic component. Please refer to the provisions on thermosetting plastics. R = The substance may impair fertility. This refers to substances which are considered to cause damaging effects to reproductive capacity or to the development of offspring. Please refer also to the provisions on chemical hazards in the working environment and on pregnant and breastfeeding employees. S = The substance is sensitizing. Sensitizing substances can lead to allergies or other hypersensitivity. Hypersensitivity problems mainly affect the skin or respiratory organs. Hypersensitivity means that persons react upon contact with substances which do not normally cause problems. Allergies are a 14

15 AFS 2011:18 subgroup of hypersensitivity; they are caused by reactions within the body s immune system. Particularly low limit values have been set for substances with more pronounced respiratory passage-sensitizing properties. Some substances with strong sensitizing properties may only be handled following authorization from the Swedish Work Environment Authority; please refer to the provisions on chemical hazards in the working environment. These substances have no limit values. 15

16 16 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 Acetaldehyde C Acetamide C Acetic acid Acetamidofluorene C 1 Acetic anhydride Acetone Acetonitrile Acrolein ,1 0,2 0,3 0,7 Acrylamide ,03 0,1 H, C, M Acrylic acid Acrylonitrile , H, C Allyl alcohol H Allylamine H Allyl chloride H Aluminium, soluble compounds (as Al) - total dust 1 Aluminium* and oxide * 2 (as Al) - total dust 5 - respirable dust 2 # Ammonia Amylacetate See: Pentylacetates AFS 2011:18

17 17 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 Aniline H, C # Antimony* and comp * 2 (as Sb) exept Antimony trihydride - inhaleble dust 0,25 Antimony trioxide Antimony trihydride ,05 0,3 Arsenic* and inorganic * C 2 compounds except arsenic trihydride (as As) - total dust 0,01 Arsenic trihydride ,02 0,05 Asbestos See: Fibres, natural crystalline other than erionite (an A-substance) Attapulgite See: Fibres, natural crystalline - Other Auramine (4,4'-(Imidocarbonyl) C 3 bis(n,n-dimethylaniline) Barium, soluble compounds (as Ba) - total dust 0,5 Benzene ,5 1,5 3 9 H, C Benzo(a)pyrene ,002 0,02 H, C, R 11 AFS 2011:18

18 18 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 p-benzoquinone ,1 0,4 0,3 1,3 10 Bensotrichloride C 3 Benzidine Benzyl butyl phthalate R 12 Benzyl chloride C Beryllium* and compounds * C, S 2 (as Be) - total dust 0,002 Biphenyl ,2 1,3 0,4 2,5 # Bisfenol A Bromine ,1 0,7 0,3 2 2-Bromo-1,1,1-trifluoro-2-chloroethane See: Halothane 1,3-Butadiene , C n-butanol H sec-butanol H iso-butanol H tert-butanol H 2-Butoxyethanol See: Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 2-Butoxyethyl acetate See: Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate Butyl acetate n-butyl acetate AFS 2011:18

19 19 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 iso-butyl acetate sec-butyl acetate tert-butyl acetate Butyl acrylate S Butylamine H n-butylamine sec-butylamine iso-butylamine tert-butylamine n-butyl glycidyl ether S, M Butyl lactate n-butyl methacrylate S β-butyrolactone C 3 Cadmium* and inorganic * C, M 13 compounds (as Cd) - total dust 0,02 - respirable dust ,005 C, M 12 Cadmium dichloride C, M, R Cadmium difluoride C, M, R Calcium hydroxide inhalable dust 3 6 Calcium oxide - inhalable dust ,5 2 Caprolactam AFS 2011:18

20 20 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 (dust + vapour) Carbon dioxide Carbon disulfide B, H, R Carbon dust incl. carbon black See: Dust carbon incl. carbon black Carbon monoxide B, R See also Exhaust fumes Carbon tetrachloride H, C Carbonyl dichloride See: Phosgene 3-Carene (cf. terpenes) S 34 Catechol H CFC CFC CFC Chlorine ,5 1,5 1 3 Chlorine dioxide ,1 0,3 0,3 0,8 2-Chloro-1,3-butadiene , H 4-Chloro-3-cresole S Chlorodifluoromethane See: HCFC22 2-Chloroethanol ,5 H 23 Chloroform C AFS 2011:18

21 21 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 Chlorophenols and salts ,5 1,5 H (as chlorophenol) See also Trichlorophenol See also Tetrachlorophenol See also Pentachlorophenol Chloroprene See: 2-Chloro-1,3-butadiene Chromium* and its inorganic * 2 (II, III)-compounds (as Cr) - total dust 0,5 Chromium(VI)-compounds 2005 C, S 2 (as Cr) - total dust 0,005 0,015 Chromic acid Chromium trioxide Lead chromate Potassium chromate Potassium dichromate Sodium chromate Sodium dichromate Strontium chromate Zink chromate AFS 2011:18

22 22 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value (LLV) Ceiling limit value (CLV) Short-term value (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 # Cobalt* and inorganic compounds (as Co) - total dust * 0,02 C, H, S Cobalt dichloride C, H, R,S Cobalt sulphate C, H, R,S Copper* and inorganic * 2 compounds (as Cu) - total dust 1 - respirable dust 0,2 Cotton dust (raw cotton) See: Dust, cotton Cresol ,5 2 9 H o-cresol m-cresol p-cresol p-cresyl glycidyl ether S,M Cristobalite C, M 2 - respirable dust 0,05 Cumene See: Isopropylbenzene Cyanamide S # Cyanides, (as CN) 2011 H 2 - inhalable dust 2 4 Potassium cyanide Notes Notes 2 AFS 2011:18

23 23 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 Sodium cyanide Cyanogen chloride Cyclohexane Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone H Cyclohexylamine Cymene See: Isopropyl-4-methylbenzene Decahydrate of sodium tetraborate See: Borax Decanes and other higher aliphatic hydrocarbons Desflurane Diacetone alcohol See: 4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone 4,4 -Diamino-3,3 dichloro C 3 dipheny lmethane 2,4-Diamino C 3 metoxybenzene 2,4-Diaminotoluene C, S 3 Dianizidine C 3 Diazomethane C 3 Dibenzyl phtalate Dibutyl phthalate R 12 AFS 2011:18

24 24 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 o-dichlorobenzene p-dichlorobenzene ,3 -Dichlorobenzidine C, S 3 2,2 -Dichlorodiethyl ether C 3 2,2 -Dichlorodiethyl sulfide (mustard gas) Dichlorodifluoromethane See: CFC 12 1,1 -Dichlorodimethyl C 1 ether 1,1-Dichloroethane ,2-Dichloroethane H, C 1,1-Dichloroethene Diethanolamine H Diethylamine H 2-Diethylaminoethanol H Diethylene glycol H Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether H AFS 2011:18

25 25 Substance Year CAS-no Level limit value Ceiling limit value Short-term value Notes Notes (LLV) (CLV) (STV) ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 ppm mg/m 3 Diethylene glycol H monoethyl ether acetate 110 # Dietylenglykolmonometyleter 19 Diethylene triamine H, S Diethyl ether Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate R 12 Diethyl phthalate Diglycidylether ,2 1,1 S, M Diisocyanates ,002 0,005 S, M 4, 20 Hexamethylene ,002 0,02 0,005 0,03 S, M 4, 20 diisocyanate Isophorone ,002 0,018 0,005 0,046 S, M 4, 20 diisocyanate 4,4 -Methylenediphenyl ,002 0,03 0,005 0,05 S, M 4, 20 diisocyanate 1,5-Naphthalene ,002 0,017 0,005 0,044 S, M 4, 20 diisocyanate Toluene diisocyanate ,002 0,014 0,005 0,04 C, S, 4, 20 M 2,4-Toluene diisocyanate ,6-Toluenediisocyanate Trimethylhexamethylene diisocyanate ,002 0,017 0,005 0,044 S, M 4, 20 AFS 2011:18

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