Constitution Bowl Questions 5 th and 6 th Grades Student Copy

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1 Constitution Bowl Questions 5 th and 6 th Grades Student Copy 1. Q. As stated in the preamble, what are 5 of the 6 reasons the founding fathers ordained and established the Constitution? A. To form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. 2. Q. What is the supreme law of the land, by which judges in every state are bound? A. The United States Constitution (or the Constitution) 3. Q. How many articles of the Constitution are there? A Q. What are the three branches of government? A. Legislative (Congress), Executive, Judicial Article I 5. Q. What is Article I about? A. The Congress or the Legislative branch 6. Q. What are the two legislative bodies that make up Congress? A. The Senate and the House of Representatives 7. Q. How long is the term of office for the House of Representatives? A. 2 years 8. Q. Why is the term of office of the House of Representatives only 2 years? A. The Founding Fathers wanted them to answer to the people frequently.

2 9. Q. Who do the members of the House of Representatives represent? A. The people of the different states 10. Q. How many representatives does each state get? A. It is determined by population. (There are 435 total representatives) 11. Q. How old do you have to be to run for the House of Representatives? A. 25 years old 12. Q. Who presides over the House of Representatives? A. The Speaker of the House. 13. Q. How is the Speaker of the House determined? A. The members of the House of Representatives vote. 14. Q. Where do all bills dealing with taxes originate? A. The House of Representatives. 15. Q. How many senators does each state have? A Q. What is the total number of senators in the Senate? A Q. How many Senators does Washington D.C. have? A. None, because it is a city not a state. 18. Q. How long is the term of office for the senators? A. 6 years 19. Q. Who is the President of the Senate? A. The Vice President of the United States 20. Q. When is the only time senators ever function as judges? A. During a presidential impeachment 21. Q. If a president is convicted by 2/3 of the members of the senate present at an impeachment, what is the result? A. He is removed from office and is prohibited from future service.

3 22. Q. How long does the president have to veto a bill? A. 10 days (excluding Sundays). 23. Why can a presidential veto be overridden by congress? A. As part of the system of checks and balances. 24. Q. Who may declare war against another nation? A. Congress 25. Q. Can the states declare war or enter into a treaty with another nation? A. No 26. Q. Whose responsibility is it to raise and support the Army and the Navy? A. Congress. 27. Q. If the Legislature cannot meet, who has power to follow through on the United States guarantee to protect each state against invasion? A. The Executive (or President) 28. Q. How often does Congress meet? A. At least once every year. Article II 29. Q. What is Article II about? A. The Executive branch. 30. Q. How long is the term of office for the President? A. 4 years. 31. Q. Who elects the President of the United States? A. Electors who are appointed by each state. 32. Q. Does the president of the United States need to be a natural born citizen? A. Yes 33. Q. Why does the president of the United States need to be a natural born citizen? A. The Founding Fathers felt that someone born here would be more likely to have the interests of the United States at heart.

4 34. Q. How old do you have to be to run for President of the United States? A. 35 years old 35. Q. Who is the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States? A. The President 36. Q. How many terms can the President of the United States be elected to serve? A. 2 terms. Article III 37. Q. What is Article III about? A. The judicial branch 38. Q. How long can a judge hold his/her position? A. For life, depending on good behavior. 39. Q. Do all citizens have a right to trial by jury? A. Yes, except in cases of impeachment. 40. Q. What is judicial activism? A. When in deciding a case before them, a judge or court makes new law. Article IV 41. Q. What is Article IV about? (Must know both.) A. States powers and cooperation between states. (States cooperate when sharing public records such as birth and death certificates and court records and when extraditing criminals.) B. Each state must provide a republic form of government (no kings, etc.) and the Federal Government will protect each state against invasion. 42. Q New states may join the United States with approval from the Congress, according to two rules. Name both of them. A. 1) No state can be created inside another state which already exists; AND 2) Two states cannot merge together to make one without both federal and state approval.

5 Article V 43. Q. What is Article V about? A. The amendment process. 44. Q. Which Article of the Constitution sets forth the procedure, involving two-thirds of both Houses or two-thirds of individual states, to create constitutional changes which are called Amendments? A. Article V 45. Q. Can the Constitution ever be changed? A. Yes, it can be amended. Article VI 46. Q. What is Article VI about? A. Treaties, debt, and Oaths; also establishes that the U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land. 47. Q. According to Article VI of the Constitution, senators and representatives, members of state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers of the individual states and the United States, are expected to show they are bound to support the Constitution by doing what? A. Taking an oath of office. 48. Q. Which Article of the Constitution states that no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to serve in public office? A. Article VI. Article VII 49. Q. What is Article VII about? A. Ratification of the constitution by the states. 50. Q. What is the name of the process the federal government uses to approve a state joining the Union? A. Ratification

6 Amendments 51. Q. How many Amendments are there? A Q. What are the first 10 amendments called? A. The Bill of Rights. 53. Q. What does the Bill of Rights do? A. It protects citizens rights by limiting the power of the federal government. 54. Q. Name one of the three Founding Fathers who refused to sign the Constitution unless they added the Bill of Rights? A. Edmund Randolph, George Mason, Elbridge Gerry 55. Q. How many amendments have been added since the Bill of Rights? A Q. How many Amendments did the Founding Fathers add to the Constitution? A. 12 (There are ten in the original Bill of Rights, 11 and 12 were added later by them.) Amendments Q. What are the five rights protected by the 1 st Amendment? A. Freedom of religion, speech, press, right to seek redress, and the right to assemble. 58. Q. What Amendment protects our rights to keep and bear arms? A. The 2 nd Amendment. 59. Q. What does the 3 rd Amendment protect us from? A. Having to quarter soldiers if we do not want to. 60. Q. What does the 4 th Amendment address? A. Unlawful search and seizure of a person, home, papers, and effects (automobiles, bikes, etc.).

7 61. Q. What does the 5 th Amendment address? A. In criminal cases, (between the government and a citizen) one does not have to testify against oneself and one can t be tried twice for the same crime. 62. Q. What does it mean to plead the 5 th? A. It refers to not having to testify against one s self. 63. Q. What are three of five protections of the 6 th Amendment? A. 1) The right to a speedy trial by jury; 2) to know what one is being accused of; 3) to be able to question the witnesses; 4) to call witnesses to testify for oneself; and 5) to have an attorney. 64. Q. What does the 7 th Amendment cover? A. It grants the right to trial by jury in civil cases (between citizens). 65. Q. What does the 8 th Amendment protect? A. No excessive bail, or fines shall be imposed, and no cruel and unusual punishments can be given. 66. Q. What does the 9 th Amendment cover? A. There are additional rights of the people not specifically listed in the Constitution and the Amendments. 67. Q. What does the 10 th Amendment state? A. Rights not specifically given to the federal government are to remain with the states. Amendments Q. What does Amendment 11 address? A. It defines when citizens may sue in federal court. 69. Q. What does the 12 th Amendment do? A. It explains the process of electing the President and Vice President. 70. Q. What changes did the 13 th Amendment address? A. It abolished slavery. 71. Q. What does the 14 th Amendment do? A. It granted citizenship to former slaves.

8 72. Q. What is an unintended consequence of the 14 th Amendment? A. The wording No state shall... has been used to take away states rights. 73. Q. Amendment 15 gives the right to vote to whom? A. All male citizens regardless of color or race. 74. Q. What did the 16 th Amendment give the Federal government the power to do that they had not been able to do before? A. Tax the people directly. 75. What kind of tax is described in the 16 th Amendment? A. Income tax. 76. Q. How does the 17 th Amendment change the original constitution? A. It makes it so the people instead of the state legislators elect the senators. 77. Q. Why did our Founding Fathers want the state legislators to elect the senators and NOT the people? A. So the Senators would answer to the states for their votes, giving the states a say in the federal government. 78. Q. In the original Constitution, who did the senators represent? A. The States. 79. Q. What is a Senators responsibility? A. To protect the states from the Federal government, or to make sure the Federal government does not step over the powers of the states. 80. Q. What does the 18 th Amendment do? A. Prohibits the use of alcohol (Prohibition). 81. Q. What Amendment replaces the 18 th Amendment? A. Amendment Q. Amendment 19 gives whom the right to vote? A. Women.

9 83. Q. Which Amendment changes the terms dates of the President and Vice President and explains what happens in the absence of a President or a Vice President elect? A. Amendment 20. Amendments Q. What Amendment limits the number of terms a President can run? A. Amendment Q. Which Amendment makes it so that citizens of Washington DC can vote for the president and vice president? A. Amendment Q. Which Amendment makes it illegal for the federal government to restrict someone from voting because they owe a fine or a fee? A. Amendment Q. Which Amendment explains what happens if the President or Vice President dies, resigns, or can t continue? A. Amendment Q. Amendment 26 changes the voting to what age? A Q. What was the voting age before the 26 th Amendment? A Q. What does Amendment 27 prevent congress from doing? A. It prevents them from giving themselves a pay increase during the current term. Additional Questions 91. Q. What are Checks and Balances? A. The three branches of government each have the power to override decisions made by the other branches. It guarantees that no part of the government becomes too powerful.

10 92. Q. Why did the Constitution give congress the power to make coin money but not print it? A. They did not trust paper money because it can be printed without having something of value, like gold and silver, to back it up. 93. Q. What is a representative form of government? A. A Republic. 94. Q. What form of government is our Constitution? A. Constitutional Republic, Compound Constitutional Democratic Republic. 95. Q. Why were the Founding Fathers against a Democracy? (must know both) A. Because a Democracy is mob rule, it does not protect the individuals rights. So the only peoples rights who are protected are the majority. They wanted to be sure that every citizen s rights were protected. B. Because no democracy has ever lasted longer than 40 years. 96. Q. What year was the Constitution ratified? A. In 1789 the Constitution became operational because the required nine of 13 states had ratified it. By 1790 all 13 colonies had ratified the Constitution. (Either date will be a correct answer.) 97. Q. Which Founding Father is known as the Father of the Constitution? A. James Madison 98. Q. Which Founding Father is known as the Father of the Revolution A. Samuel Adams 99. Q. Which was created first, the states or the federal government? A. The states Q. Who was the American general in the American Revolution, the chairman of the Constitutional Convention, and the first president of the United States? A. George Washington.

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