30 th Street Area Master Plan

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1 30 th Street Area Master Plan September, 2012 City f Bise, Idah Prepared by Bise City Planning & Develpment Services & Capital City Develpment Crpratin Cnsultants HDR Leland Cnsulting Grup Parametrix

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3 30th Street Area Master Plan / City f Bise, Idah Table f Cntents Executive Summary 7 Chapter 1: Intrductin 12 Reasns fr Initiating the 30th Street Master Plan 13 Planning fr 30th Street Area Nature f the Challenge 13 Plan Elements 15 Plan Framewrk 15 Areawide Plans 15 Subdistrict Plans fr Develpment Opprtunity Areas 15 Using This Plan 16 Visin & Desired Outcmes fr 30th Street Area 19 Visin 19 Desired Outcmes 19 Key Gals 20 Natural Setting 20 Neighbrhd Preservatin & Revitalizatin 20 Arts, Culture, Histry & Cmmunity 20 Sustainability 21 Wrkfrce Husing 21 Design & Branding 21 Remving Barriers, Implementatin & Financing 21 Chapter 2: Backgrund 23 Prject Lcatin 23 River Envirnment 24 Neighbrhd Histry & Character 24 Chapter 3: Plan Framewrk 32 Fundatin f Master Plan 32 Market Strategy 32 30th Street Extensin Traffic Study 33 Charrette Reprt 30 th Street Specific Area Plan 33 2

4 Overarching Themes 34 Neighbrhd Preservatin & Revitalizatin 34 Cntributin f Arts, Culture and Histry t Cmmunity Prsperity 36 Sustainability 37 Wrkfrce Husing 39 Design & Branding 39 Overcming Barriers 39 Implementatin & Financing 40 Chapter 4: Areawide Plans 41 Intrductin 41 Planning Cnsideratins 41 Areawide Plans Preferred Develpment Cncept Radway Plan 54 Existing Radway Netwrk 54 Preferred Radway Design Cncepts fr 30th Street Area 56-30th Street Extensin 59 - Main Street & Fairview Avenue 71-27th Street & Stewart Avenue 78 - Lcal Neighbrhd Streets Parking Plan Transit Plan Pedestrian & Bicycle Facilities Plan Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan Utilities Plan Hazardus Cnditins 121 Chapter 5: Subdistrict Plans fr Develpment Opprtunity Areas 123 Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy 123 Develpment Opprtunity Areas 130 General Design & Develpment Guidelines 131 Idah Transprtatin District (ITD) Subdistrict th Street Park View Subdistrict th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict 151 Main-Fairview Subdistrict 157 Chapter 6: Implementatin 165 Applying Strategic Principles Create a Distinct Identity fr 30 th Street Area Fcus n the Neighbrhd Recgnize Private Investment fllws Public Cmmitment Leverage Public Investment befre Building Public Imprvements Create Pulse Pints f Develpment Activity in Opprtunity Areas 171 3

5 6. Use Transit as an Added Asset t Attract Develpment Anticipate Evlutin: Create Tls that Assure Quality Develpment Demnstrate Leadership 173 Specific Initiatives & Redevelpment Tls Strengthen Cmmunity Ties thrugh Arts, Culture, Histry & Public Spaces Align Plans, Regulatins & Review Prcedures Prepare a Capital Investment Plan Frm an Urban Renewal District Implement a Cmprehensive Parking Strategy Fster Cllabratin and Cperatin between Prperty Owners Create Partnerships 180 Implementatin Phasing Plan 181 Implementatin Plan Matrix 182 Appendices A: Charrette Prcess 183 B. Evaluatin f Radway Design Alternatives 187 C. Transit Types & Their Characteristics 193 D. Detailed Design Parameters fr Cnsideratin 198 E. Urban Transect 206 List f Figures Executive Summary ES-1: 30th Street Planning Area 7 ES-2: 30th Street Subdistricts 8 ES-3: Summary f Preferred Develpment Cncepts fr Subdistricts 9 30th Street Area Master Plan 12 1: 30th Street Planning Area 12 2: 30th Street Subdistricts 17 3: Summary f Preferred Develpment Cncepts fr Subdistricts 18 4: Planning Area in Reginal Cntext 23 5: Ppulatin 26 6: Median Age 26 7: Number & Percentage Ppulatin 14 years r yunger 26 8: Number & Percentage Ppulatin 65 years r lder 26 9: Average Husehld Size 27 4

6 10: Median Husehld Incme 27 11: Percentage Husing Built 1969 r Earlier; Median Year Structure Built 27 12: Median Hme Value 28 13: Percentage f Owner Occupied Husing Units 28 14: Average Number f Vehicles Per Husehld 28 15: Means f Transprtatin t Wrk; Average Travel Time t Wrk 29 16: Distributin f Owner-Occupied Husing Units 30 17: Examples f Medium Density Husing Types at Varius Densities 35 18: Blueprint Bise, Bise City Cmprehensive Plan Land Use Designatins 42 19: Bise City Zning Designatins 43 20: Distributin f Cmmercial Prperties 47 21: Preferred Develpment Cncept Land Use Types 49 22: Radway Netwrk Traffic Cunts 55 23: Preferred Design Parameters fr Majr Radways 58 24: 30th Street Extensin Overall Design Cncept 61 25: 30th Street Extensin Preferred Crss Sectin between State Street and Pleasantn 63 26: 30th Street Extensin Preferred Crss Sectin between Pleasantn and Idah 64 27: 30th Street Extensin Crss Sectin between Idah and Fairview 64 28: 30th Street Extensin State Street Intersectin 66 29: 30th Street Extensin ITD Access Rad Intersectin 66 30: 30th Street Extensin Stewart Intersectin 67 31: 30th Street Extensin Pleasantn Intersectin 68 32: 30th Street Extensin / Main Street / 27th Street / Fairview Cnfiguratin 69 33: Main Street Existing Cnditins 75 34: Main Street Preferred Crss Sectin 75 35: Fairview Avenue Existing Cnditins 76 36: Fairview Avenue Preferred Crss Sectin 76 37: 27 th Street Existing Cnditins 83 38: 27 th Street Crss Sectin between Jrdan and Regan 83 39: 27 th Street Crss Sectin between Regan and Pleasantn 83 40: 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Stewart Avenue & 27th Street 84 41: 27th Street Pleasantn t Idah 85 42: Streetscape Types n Residential Lcal Streets 89 43: Preferred Crss Sectin fr Residential Lcal Streets (w detached sidewalks) 90 44: Alternate Crss Sectin fr Residential Lcal Streets (w attached sidewalks) 90 45: Preferred Transit Netwrk : Existing Sidewalk System & Gaps : Existing & Preferred Bicycle Rutes : Existing & Planned Parks : Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan : Fldplains & Water Features : ITD Subdistrict -Develpment Cncept : ITD Subdistrict View frm waterfrnt lking nrtheast t State Street : ITD Subdistrict View frm State Street lking suthwest t waterfrnt : ITD Subdistrict- Pht mntage f built prjects similar t develpment cncept : Park View Subdistrict -Develpment Cncept : Park View Subdistrict Pht mntage f built prjects similar t develpment cncept : Park View Subdistrict View lking suth alng 30th Street Extensin : 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict Develpment Cncept : 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict View lking suth n 27th Street : 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict View lking nrth n 27 th Street : 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict Pht mntage f built prjects 5

7 similar t develpment cncept : Main-Fairview Subdistrict Develpment Cncept : Main-Fairview Subdistrict View lking west n Main Street frm 30th Street Extensin : Main-Fairview Subdistrict Pht mntage f built prjects similar t develpment cncept : Pattern f Land Ownership in 30 th Street Planning Area 179 Appendix A AA-1 Land Use & Develpment (Cmmunity Visining) 185 AA-2 Transprtatin (Cmmunity Visining) 186 AA-3 Recreatin (Cmmunity Visining) 186 Appendix E AE-1 Urban Transect 206 AE-2 T-3: Suburban Zne 207 AE-3 T-4: General Urban Zne 208 AE-4 T-5: Urban Center Zne 209 AE-5 Urban Transect applied t 30 th Street Planning Area 210 List f Tables 1: 25-Year Develpment Prgram fr 30th Street Planning Area : Preferred Street Sectins fr 30th Street Extensin 62 3: Preferred Street Sectins fr Main Street & Fairview Avenue 73 4: Preferred Street Sectins fr 27th Street & Stewart Avenue : Estimated Parking Demand Based n 25-Year Develpment Prgram : Parking Csts and Acreage Requirements by Type f Parking 98 7: Summary f Develpment Prgram fr Opprtunity Areas 128 8: Develpment Prgram fr ITD Subdistrict 137 9: Estimated Parking Demand fr ITD Subdistrict : Develpment Prgram fr Park View Subdistrict : Develpment Prgram fr 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict : Develpment Prgram fr Main-Fairview Subdistrict : Estimated Parking Demand fr Main-Fairview Subdistrict : Implementatin Matrix 182 6

8 Executive Summary The 30th Street Area Master Plan is the result f Bise City and a cnsultant team wrking in cncert with citizens, elected fficials, prperty and business wners, Ada Cunty Highway District (ACHD), and ther public agencies and stakehlders. The purpse f the master plan is t create a visin and lng-term develpment plan fr the 30th Street planning area, and a design cncept fr the 30th Street Extensin that supprts the master plan (see Figure ES-1). ACHD participated in this planning effrt by preparing the 30 th Street Extensin Traffic Study, which was used in assessing design ptins fr this radway, Main Street, Fairview Avenue and 27th Street. The 30th Street Extensin will brder an existing, well-established Bise neighbrhd and prvide a new nrth-suth cnnectin frm State Street t the Main-Fairview cuplet. Bise City requested ACHD delay wrk n the radway design t allw preparatin f this master plan. The planning prcess addressed hw t integrate the prpsed radway cncepts with planned land uses. The master plan recgnizes cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin enhances access and cnnectivity, and presents a cncept design intended t make this new radway cmpatible with the surrunding neighbrhds. Figure ES-1: 30th Street Planning Area Surce: HDR The planning area is cmprised f tw well-established, intact residential neighbrhds, which ccupy mst f the land area, and fur subdistricts with redevelpment ptential (see Figure ES-2). These subdistricts are specific gegraphic areas within the bundaries f the 30th Street planning area. The subdistricts vary in character, size, purpse and develpment pssibilities. Tw f them have a significant amunt f vacant r underutilized land, which culd be transfrmed int lively mixed-use, transit-riented, urban-style activity centers and culd bring new 7

9 underutilized land, which culd be transfrmed int lively mixed-use, transit-riented, urban-style activity centers and culd bring new husing, emplyment and shpping pprtunities t the neighbrhds. The ther tw subdistricts are mre apprpriate fr smaller scale, targeted cmmercial and residential in-fill develpment. Figure ES-2: Figure ES-2: 30th Street Subdistricts Surce: City f Bise; Leland Cnsulting Grup (LCG) This master plan establishes a develpment cncept fr each subdistrict addressing prpsed land uses, building frms, design expectatins, circulatin, street cnfiguratins, parking and public spaces. The develpment cncepts are based n a market analysis and strategy prepared at the start f the planning prcess, he 30 th Street Extensin traffic study, a design charrette 1 and extensive stakehlder input. The develpment cncepts are summarized in Figures ES-2. 1 A design charrette is a prcess in which stakehlders wrk tgether with staff frm affected agencies and cnsultants in a cncentrated way t develp a visin and design cncepts fr a particular area, issue r prject. The charrette prcess is shrt, with access t a multidisciplinary grup f experts. The apprach is highly inclusive and transparent, allwing all participants t cllabrate in the planning prcess. The prcess is very iterative, allwing cnsultants in a cncentrated way t develp a visin and design cncepts fr a particular area, issue r prject. The charrette prcess is shrt, with access t a multidisciplinary grup f experts. The apprach is highly inclusive and transparent, allwing all participants t cllabrate in the planning prcess. The prcess is very iterative, allwing 8

10 A D B A. ITD Subdistrict Urban, mixed use, pedestrian- and transitriented activity center Highest density in cre; lwest density at edges shared with adjacent neighbrhd. Retail and restaurants alng State Street Rental and wnership husing, live-wrk units and ffice in cre Residential develpment next t adjacent neighbrhd and alng waterfrnt Buildings typically pulled up t sidewalk Cmbinatin f parking structures and lts Bulevard treatment n 30th Street Extensin Central bulevard cnnecting State Street t the waterfrnt Grid street netwrk with n-street parking and streetscape Street cnnectins t adjacent neighbrhd Transit stps n State Street Netwrk f streetscapes and green spaces B. 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict C Hyde Park style neighbrhd cmmercial district Grund level retail; may have ffice r retail abve; residential may als be included in cmmercial nde Shared surface parking lts Twnhuses alng 27th Street frm Regan t Pleasantn with garages in rear 27th Street redesign; reduce number f lanes frm fur t tw and add bicycle lanes Include streetscape and parking lanes in cmmercial district C. Main-Fairview Subdistrict D. 30th Street Park View Subdistrict New medium density residential facing Esther Simplt Park Cmmercial nde fcused n recreatin-riented retail and restaurant uses Shared surface parking Bulevard treatment n 30th Street Extensin Park entrances at Wdlawn and Stewart Bicycle and pedestrian entry t park at Pleasantn Urban, mixed use, pedestrian- and transitriented activity center Rental and wnership husing, live-wrk units, ffice, retail, restaurants and htels Buildings typically pulled up t sidewalk Cmbinatin f parking structures and lts Emphasis n transit-riented develpment alng streetcar rute Transit stps n Main, 30th Street Extensin and Fairview Redesign f Main and Fairview t reduce travel lanes; add bicycle and parking lanes and streetscape Central square and utdr perfrmance space fr cultural and cmmunity events Netwrk f streetscapes and green spaces fr the develpment, testing, revising and refinement f ideas and slutins. The gal is t create high quality design cncepts that have significant plitical and public supprt. A design charrette was held fr the 30 th Street Area. The results are cntained in the Charrette Reprt 30th Street Specific Area Plan. 9

11 Prperty wners are encuraged t fcus n the fllwing elements f this master plan as a framewrk fr develping strng market-driven plans fr the use f their prperties. These elements are intended t inspire and guide rather than regulate prperty wners develpment ptins. Visin and Desired Outcmes Chapter 1 Key Gals Chapter 1 Overarching Themes Chapter 3 Areawide Plans Chapter 4 General Design & Develpment Guidelines Chapter 5 Subdistrict Plans Chapter 5 Outside the subdistricts, redevelpment is nt expected t make radical changes in existing neighbrhd areas althugh the range f residential densities and types may increase ver time t prvide mre husing chices. The master plan emphasizes that in-fill prjects shuld be respectful f, and cmpatible with, the existing neighbrhd character. The 30th Street Area Master Plan includes implementatin strategies and actins t achieve the desired develpment cncepts. The mre significant strategies include: Strategic Principles 1. Create a distinct identity fr the 30th Street area as a gateway urban neighbrhd. 2. Fcus n the neighbrhd. 3. Recgnize private investment fllws public cmmitment. 4. Leverage public investment befre building public imprvements. 5. Create pulse pints f develpment activity in pprtunity areas. 6. Use transit as an added asset t attract develpment. 7. Anticipate evlutin. Create tls that assure quality develpment. 8. Demnstrate leadership. Specific Initiatives & Redevelpment Tls 9. Strengthen cmmunity ties thrugh arts, culture, histry and public gathering places. 10. Align plicies, regulatins and review prcedures t implement master plan. 11. Frm an urban renewal district. 12. Prepare a capital investment plan. 13. Implement a cmprehensive parking strategy. 10

12 14. Fster cllabratin and cperatin amng adjacent prperty wners. 15. Create partnerships. The master plan emphasizes the imprtance f leadership and partnerships t successful implementatin partnerships between public agencies, city departments, neighbrhd assciatins, develpers, prperty and business wners and ther rganizatins such as Bise Metr Chamber f Cmmerce, Bise Valley Ecnmic Partnership, Dwntwn Bise Assciatin and the Ada Cunty Assciatin f Realtrs. Capital City Develpment Crpratin (CCDC), Bise s urban renewal agency, is identified as a key partner in helping realize the lng-term visin and redevelpment gals fr the 30 th Street planning area. Creating an urban renewal district prvides access t tls and resurces nt therwise available fr revitalizatin activities. The decisin t frm an urban renewal district rests with the Bise City Cuncil, and wuld be preceded by cmmunity meetings and a frmal public hearing. Cnclusin The 30 th Street Prject is a nce in a generatin pprtunity t shape and enhance Bise s future. The prject is large 681 acres adjacent t dwntwn. The ptential is vast- revitalized cmmercial districts, vibrant residential neighbrhds, and stunning new recreatin amenities alng the nearby Bise River. Recent activities attest t the value f the plan. In December 2010, the City f Bise and Capital City Develpment Crpratin frmed the 30 th Street Master Plan Implementatin Strategy Steering Cmmittee, launching early activities listed in the Implementatin Plan. In 2011, the cities f Bise and Garden City cmpleted the pedestrian bridge ver the Bise River frm 36 th Street in Garden City t the Esther Simplt Park. The Bise City Department f Arts & Histry cntracted with artist Stephanie Inman t develp a Cultural Arts Plan fr the area. The first phase f the Bise River Recreatin Park was cmpleted in 2010 and the Master Plan fr Esther Simplt Park has been adpted. The 30 th Street Extensin is scheduled fr cnstructin in FY 2013, and Esther Simplt Park is anticipated t be under develpment the same year.. The Veterans Park Neighbrhd Assciatin in the center f the planning area has emerged as a dynamic rganizatin actively invlved in planning fr the area. The Bise City Cuncil adpted Blueprint Bise, the City s new Cmprehensive Plan in Nvember 2011 with plicies incrprating the master plan. Each f these prjects and activities furthers the visin and strategic principles f the master plan. Planning activities launched in early 2007 prvided an ptimistic perspective n the future f the 30 th Street area. By as the natin mved int the Great Recessin, near-term market demand prjectins fr retail and ffice space were re-evaluated. The prjectins cntained in the plan are fr reference nly, but d indicate the ptential and lng-term pssibilities fr develpment/redevelpment. The ecnmic climate will likely delay sme f the larger prjects prpsed in the Implementatin Plan. Hwever, the energy prpelling current effrts demnstrates that dedicated citizens, stakehlders, and agencies and jurisdictins cmmitted t a unified visin are already effecting change. The 30th Street Area Master Plan will cntinue t guide investment and develpment, and supprt neighbrhd stability and diversity. Zning and streetscape imprvement will shape an exciting built envirnment as expanded husing types prvide ptins fr new lifestyles. Place making and peple places will draw residents and visitrs. A neighbrhd already attractive due t lcatin, strng schls and eclectic cmpsitin f husing and residents will flurish as the implementatin plan activates investment and guides develpment. The early cmmitment f resurces by the Bise City Cuncil resulted in a plan fr stability, revitalizatin and market investment. Cntinuing leadership and n-ging partnerships will bring the plan t fruitin ver time. 11

13 1. Intrductin The 30th Street planning area is situated between dwntwn Bise and the Bise River crridr, and between State Street and the Main-Fairview cuplet (see Figure 1). The 30th Street planning area is cmprised primarily f neighbrhd areas platted and develped ver a 100-year perid. East f 27th Street, early residential grwth ccurred between the 1910s and the 1930s. West f 27th Street, residential develpment was slwer and mre spradic with mdest hmes and apartments built frm the turn f the last century t the 1970s. Husing cnstructin cntinued at a slw pace frm the 1980s t present day, with a recent flurry f infill develpment especially in the area between Stewart Avenue and State Street. Cmmunity institutins and amenities include a neighbrhd schl, several parks and numerus places f wrship. The area ffers a ready supply f reasnably priced hmes clse t Idah s largest emplyment center and t the restaurants, shpping, services, arts and entertainment in Bise. Bise State University and St. Luke s Reginal Medical Center are nly minutes away. The planning area is well-lved and best knwn t its residents but, despite its assets, remains smewhat undiscvered by the rest f the cmmunity. Figure 1: 30th Street Planning Area Surce: HDR Unlike the Nrth End, East End and Central Bench neighbrhds, the 30th Street planning area is unique in having large tracts f undevelped r underdevelped prperties alng its prime cmmercial crridrs: State Street and the Main-Fairview cuplet. Many cmmercial buildings in these crridrs are reaching 12

14 bslescence. 2 A majr new radway is in the design stage the 30th Street Extensin which will cnnect State Street and the Main-Fairview cuplet alng the western side f the planning area. These radway crridrs prvide excellent access t dwntwn Bise, I-184 and the larger cmmunity. The cmbinatin f develpable land and imprved access suggests this planning area has significant redevelpment ptential. Hw this redevelpment happens and hw the 30th Street Extensin is designed will impact the surrunding residential neighbrhds ccupying the majrity f the land in the planning area. Reasns fr Initiating 30th Street Master Plan There are several frces at wrk that culd bring significant change t the area. The Ada Cunty Highway District (ACHD) initiated design wrk n the 30th Street Extensin. This new radway is expected t increase neighbrhd visibility, access and cnnectivity. It will als bring mre traffic t the western side f the planning area. The radway s design will have an effect n the surrunding area. Esther Simplt Park, a new riverfrnt park, is planned fr develpment in the 30 th Street area. There is als a cmmunity effrt underway t build a facility fr caneing, kayaking and passive recreatin adjacent t the park in the Bise River. These recreatinal assets will enhance the neighbrhd s desirability. Increasing numbers f smaller husehlds, husehlds withut children and the number f senir citizens favr neighbrhds clse t urban centers. Husing affrdable acrss a range f incmes is in demand. Increasing fuel csts make neighbrhds clse t emplyment centers, shpping and ther amenities mre desirable as peple strive t reduce driving distances. Extensive vacant land exists alng Main Street and Fairview Avenue and as part f the Idah Transprtatin Department s (ITD) headquarters site n State Street. This land is ripe fr develpment and ffers the pprtunity t create develpment patterns that are mre sustainable and prvide an enriched envirnment fr neighbrhd residents, business wners and the larger cmmunity. Planning fr the 30th Street Area - Nature f the Challenge The City f Bise has a strng desire t create mre sustainable develpment patterns that allw peple t fulfill their daily needs while minimizing the use f mtr vehicles. Achieving this gal requires husing, emplyment, shpping, educatinal, cultural, entertainment and recreatinal activities t ccur in clser prximity t each ther. It als requires a wider range f transprtatin ptins. Transit, bicycling and walking shuld becme practical alternatives t using mtr vehicles. Streets shuld be designed t accmmdate these alternative mdes f travel. The City f Bise als recgnizes the imprtance f preserving and enhancing its existing neighbrhds, and 2 The 30th Street Urban Renewal Area Eligibility Reprt prepared by Keyser Marstn Assciates (KMA) in September 2008 indicated that the typical life expectancy f cmmercial buildings is 30 t 40 years. Of the 200 cmmercial buildings in the (30th Street planning area), 61% were develped befre 1978 and 43% were built befre This wuld indicate that mre than half f the cmmercial structures have exceeded their useful life. A lcal cmmercial brker interviewed by KMA indicated that these buildings have little reuse ptential. (p. 18) 13

15 f wrking in partnership with neighbrhd residents and businesses t keep them healthy ver time. The 30th Street planning area presents the pprtunity t address bth f these issues, and als the challenge f balancing the demands that these issues create. The 30th Street Area Master Plan 3 charts a curse fr revitalizatin and develpment f the planning area including existing residential areas and fur develpment pprtunity areas r subdistricts. The master plan envisins develpment f tw new mixed-use, pedestrian- and transit-riented, urban activity centers in the Main-Fairview crridr and n the ITD headquarters site n State Street. The master plan prpses targeted redevelpment in tw smaller-scale subdistricts. The 27th Street Neighbrhd Center wuld respnd t residents desire fr a walkable, village-like cmmercial district that wuld als be a peple-friendly, neighbrhd gathering place. This center wuld be lcated at 27th Street and Stewart Avenue, wuld be anchred by grcery stre and ffer restaurants, shps, services and husing ptins nt nw available. The 30th Street Park View subdistrict wuld cluster medium density husing alng the 30th Street Extensin facing the new Esther Simplt Park and culd include a new restaurant adjacent t Idah River Sprts. The master plan includes transprtatin prpsals t cnnect these develpment pprtunity areas t dwntwn Bise and t the surrunding cmmunity using imprved radways, transit and bicycle-pedestrian rutes. It fcuses n ways t mve peple nt just vehicles. It includes street sectins and plan views fr the area s majr streets: 30th Street Extensin, Fairview Avenue, and Main, 27th and State streets. It shws hw these streets culd better accmmdate vehicles, transit, and bicycle and pedestrian traffic. 4 The master plan gives particular attentin t the 30th Street Extensin design. It seeks t make this radway cmpatible with its surrundings and prevent it frm becming a barrier between residential neighbrhds, the Esther Simplt Park and the Bise River crridr. The planning area is part f the Veterans Park Neighbrhd Assciatin and includes neighbrhd areas n bth sides f State Street. The planning area als includes sectins f the Nrth End and Sunset Neighbrhd Assciatins. The City f Bise is cmmitted t prtecting and revitalizing its existing neighbrhds, recgnizing they are imprtant building blcks in a healthy city. Residents frm the 30th Street planning area have als viced this idea, expressing their desire that their neighbrhds fundamental character be respected and neighbrhd assets they value be preserved. They see pprtunities t enhance their neighbrhds, and reduce pssible threats, when the 30th Street Extensin is built and future redevelpment ccurs. 5 The 30th Street planning area pses challenges. The master plan fcuses n shaping future develpment t bring new residential, emplyment, shpping, dining and cultural and entertainment uses t the area while prtecting and enlivening existing residential neighbrhds. It includes a develpment prgram fr fur pprtunity areas, which endeavr t create well-designed urban places that will be respectful f, and create new assets fr, the adjacent residential neighbrhds. The master plan als includes areawide plans fr imprving radways; parking; transit; bicycle and pedestrian rutes; parks, civic spaces and trails; and utilities that benefit the entire planning area. 3 The 30th Street Area Master Plan is the fficial title f this plan. It is als referred t as the 30th Street Master Plan r master plan in this dcument. 4 Street designs that accmmdate multiple mdes f travel, rather than fcusing primarily n mtr vehicles, are knwn as cmplete streets. 5 Early in the master planning prcess, participants were asked t identify the neighbrhd s strengths and weaknesses and pprtunities and threats. This infrmatin is cntained in Appendix A. 14

16 Plan Elements The 30th Area Street Master Plan identifies redevelpment pprtunities, hw t best capture them and hw t mitigate ptential negative impacts that might result. The planning prcess has been a cllabrative endeavr between neighbrhd residents and prperty wners, City f Bise and ACHD. The plan s key elements are summarized belw. Detailed infrmatin is in Chapters 3, 4 and 5. Plan Framewrk Overarching themes prvide a framewrk fr the plan prpsals. These themes are discussed n pages The framewrk als relies upn the fllwing three research effrts: 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy prepared by Leland Cnsulting Grup (LCG) 30th Street Extensin Traffic Study prepared by Parametrix Inc. Charrette Reprt 30th Street Specific Area Plan prepared by HDR The verarching themes and the results f these research effrts are discussed in detail in Chapter 3. Areawide Plans Areawide plans included in this master plan identify significant issues affecting the verall planning area and the peple wh live there. They describe the current situatin and desired future with respect t these issues, and describe plans, plicies and actin steps t achieve results. These plans include: Preferred Develpment Cncept Radway Plan Parking Plan Transit Plan Pedestrian & Bicycle Facilities Plan Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan Utilities Plan Hazardus Cnditins The areawide plans appear in Chapter 4. Subdistrict Plans fr Develpment Opprtunity Areas The master plan presents a 25-year redevelpment and revitalizatin prgram fr the 30th Street planning area based n the Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy (2006), prepared by LCG, the 30th Street Extensin traffic study, a design charrette 6 and ideas expressed by the participants in the planning prcess. This prgram 6 The design charrette prcess used in develping this master plan is described n page

17 fcuses n hw t stimulate develpment activity and ecnmic vitality in fur develpment pprtunity areas, described belw and shwn in Figure 2. Idah Transprtatin Department (ITD) Subdistrict: A high density mixed-use, urban-style activity center with ffices, husing, restaurants, retail and service businesses n the ITD headquarters site 30th Street Park View Subdistrict: Medium high density residential and a specialty cmmercial nde with retail and restaurant uses riented tward recreatin. 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict: A neighbrhd cmmercial center at the intersectin f 27th and Stewart which culd als include medium density husing. Main-Fairview Subdistrict: A high density, mixed use, urban-style activity center including ffices, husing, htels, cultural and educatinal uses, restaurants, retail and service businesses which wuld have a city-wide r reginal draw. These subdistricts are specific gegraphic areas within the bundaries f the 30th Street planning area. The subdistricts vary in character, size, purpse and develpment pssibilities. Tw f them are well-suited fr significant redevelpment. They have sizeable tracts f vacant r underutilized land which culd be transfrmed int lively mixed-use, transit-riented, urban-style activity centers bringing new husing, emplyment and shpping pprtunities t the neighbrhd. The ther tw subdistricts are mre apprpriate fr smaller scale, targeted cmmercial and residential in-fill develpment. These fur develpment pprtunity areas r subdistricts are als referred t as activity centers and pulse pints in this master plan. The subdistrict plans set frth a preferred develpment cncept fr each area and design and develpment guideline addressing lcatin f building frms, building heights, circulatin, parking and streetscape, pen space and greenways. It is the intent f this master plan that each subdistrict has its wn distinct identity and sense f place drawn frm its natural setting, histry, public spaces, specific land use mix and design character and creatin f public art and cultural reference pints. It is als this plan s intent that these areas becme an integral part f the 30th Street area that they cnnect t and welcme the surrunding neighbrhds. In particular, the street system develped fr the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts shuld link t the surrunding street system, buildings alng the edge f these subdistricts shuld face utward tward the neighbrhd and the pedestrian-bicycle netwrk in the neighbrhds shuld extend int these activity centers. The preferred develpment cncepts are summarized in Figure 3. Chapter 5 describes the subdistrict plans in detail. Using this Master Plan Chapters 3, 4 and 5 cnstitute the essence f the 30th Street Master Plan. These chapters are preceded by backgrund infrmatin in Chapter 2. The master plan cncludes with Chapter 6 n implementatin. The chapter describes the imprtance f leadership frm stakehlders, strategies, specific prgrams and agency respnsibilities. It als describes ptential funding surces. Prperty wners are encuraged t use the visin, desired utcmes and key gals fr the 30 th Street planning area in Chapter 1, verarching themes in Chapter 3, areawide plans in Chapter 4 and subdistrict plans in Chapter 5 as a starting pint and wrk cllabratively with the City f Bise, ther public agencies and private partners t develp strng market-driven plans fr use f their prperties. These plans are intended t inspire and guide rather than regulate prperty wners develpment ptins. 16

18 Figure 2: 30th Street Subdistricts Surce: City f Bise; Leland Cnsulting Grup (LCG) 17

19 A D B A. ITD Subdistrict Urban, mixed use, pedestrian- and transitriented activity center Highest density in cre; lwest density at edges shared with adjacent neighbrhd. Retail and restaurants alng State Street Rental and wnership husing, live-wrk units and ffice in cre Residential develpment next t adjacent neighbrhd and alng waterfrnt Buildings typically pulled up t sidewalk Cmbinatin f parking structures and lts Bulevard treatment n 30th Street Extensin Central bulevard cnnecting State Street t the waterfrnt Grid street netwrk with n-street parking and streetscape Street cnnectins t adjacent neighbrhd Transit stps n State Street Netwrk f streetscapes and green spaces B. 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict C Hyde Park style neighbrhd cmmercial district Grund level retail; may have ffice r retail abve; residential may als be included in cmmercial nde Shared surface parking lts Twnhuses alng 27th Street frm Regan t Pleasantn with garages in rear 27th Street redesign; reduce number f lanes frm fur t tw and add bicycle lanes Include streetscape and parking lanes in cmmercial district Figure 3: Summary f Preferred Develpment Cncepts fr Subdistricts Surce: City f Bise; LCG; HDR D. 30th Street Park View Subdistrict New medium density residential facing Esther Simplt Park Cmmercial nde fcused n recreatinriented retail and restaurant uses Shared surface parking Bulevard treatment n 30th Street Extensin Prpsed park entrances at Wdlawn and Stewart Bicycle and pedestrian entry t park at Pleasantn C. Main-Fairview Subdistrict Urban, mixed use, pedestrian- and transitriented activity center Rental and wnership husing, live-wrk units, ffice, retail, restaurants and htels Buildings typically pulled up t sidewalk Cmbinatin f parking structures and lts Emphasis n transit-riented develpment alng streetcar rute Transit stps n Main, 30th Street Extensin and Fairview Redesign f Main and Fairview t reduce number f travel lanes; add bicycle and parking lanes and streetscape Central square and utdr perfrmance space fr cultural and cmmunity events Netwrk f streetscapes and green spaces 18

20 Visin & Desired Outcmes fr 30 th Street Planning Area Visin The 30th Street planning area is a premiere urban place celebrating its unique lcatin between the Bise River crridr and dwntwn Bise. It includes attractive neighbrhds and vibrant mixed-use activity centers serving lcal residents, the cmmunity and the regin. The area serves as a gateway t dwntwn, welcmes visitrs and has a unique identity and strng sense f place where peple and businesses thrive. Desired Outcmes 7 The 30th Street area will fully realize the benefits f its lcatin between the Bise River with its riverfrnt parks, greenbelt trail system and natural pen space, and dwntwn Bise with its bustling urban scene, emplyment and husing pprtunities, shpping, dining, cultural, entertainment and educatinal assets. The 30th Street area will attract peple wh bring diversity and creativity t this dynamic place, and the area will have a rich cultural life including galleries, artist studis, prductin facilities, perfrmance spaces and arts and crafts fairs. A significant amunt f develpment and redevelpment will ccur in the 30th Street planning area. The Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts will becme mixed-use, transit-riented, urban-style activity centers which will include thriving businesses, emplyment pprtunities, an eclectic mix f husing chices, shpping, and scial, cultural, educatinal and entertainment activities nt nw available. These activity centers will be walkable, include peple-friendly civic spaces, public art, and cmmunity events. The Main-Fairview subdistrict will include a plaza and utdr perfrmance space fr cmmunity-wide gatherings and cultural events. Main Street and Fairview Avenue will be redesigned. The number f travel lanes will be reduced, and bicycle and parking lanes and street trees and furnishings will be added. These streets will becme mre beautiful and enjyable fr bth pedestrians and mtrists. The ITD subdistrict will have an attractive bulevard creating a strng cnnectin frm State Street t the Esther Simplt Park and pening a view t the river crridr. There will be a netwrk f green spaces. Bth subdistricts will have excellent radway access and transit service. The 30th Street Extensin will be an attractive tree-lined, bulevard-style street with a landscaped center median fr much f its length. It will prvide imprved cnnectivity between State Street and the Main- Fairview cuplet that accmmdates nt nly vehicle traffic but transit, bicyclists and pedestrians. It will serve as a well-lcated and well-designed cmmuter rute t and frm dwntwn Bise, and will shift thrugh traffic away frm 27th Street. After the 30th Street Extensin is built, the number f lanes in 27th Street will be reduced and it will becme a quieter, neighbrhd street The existing character f 30th Street neighbrhds will be retained with their cmpact frm, histric grid f tree-lined streets, variety f husing types, and neighbrhd schls and parks. Reinvestment in the neighbrhds will cntinue with renvatins f existing hmes and new infill develpment. New develpment will respect the existing neighbrhd character. A variety f husing chices will allw peple at different life stages and with a range f incmes t live in the area. Cnnectins between the neighbrhd and the Bise River crridr will be maintained and strengthened. 7 This sectin describes the ideal f what this master plan hpes t achieve. It will take patience and perseverance t reach this ideal. Sme aspects may be easier than thers, and sme may prve t be unattainable. This descriptin is intended t inspire best effrts t achieve mst f what is expressed here. 19

21 The residents strng desire t have a neighbrhd cmmercial district will be realized. The existing grcery at 27th and Stewart will prvide the starting pint fr a neighbrhd cmmercial center with smaller-scale businesses, café-style restaurants and pssibly medium density husing. It will becme a gathering place, easily accessible by walking and bicycling, which will strengthen the scial netwrk in the neighbrhd. A year-rund public market and cmmunity gardens will be established t encurage the cmmunity t adpt mre sustainable lifestyles. The planned Esther Simplt Park will be built and will ffer a wnderful place fr active recreatin, cmmunity events, scializing between families and friends, enjying nature and peple watching. The park will als serve as a very desirable amenity t new residential develpment envisined alng the 30th Street Extensin facing the park. The 30th Street area will becme knwn as a very desirable, thriving place fr peple t live, wrk, shp and enjy life. Key Gals Natural Setting Recgnize the Bise River crridr s exceptinal value, give clse attentin t hw every redevelpment decisin affects this crridr and preserve and celebrate its cntributin t the planning area s desirability and prsperity. Neighbrhd Preservatin & Revitalizatin Allw fr neighbrhd redevelpment that bradens the range f husing, emplyment, shpping and transprtatin ptins as lng as redevelpment als respects and strengthens the inherent character f the neighbrhds. (The purpse f this gal is t strike a balance between increasing the availability f husing chices, neighbrhd services and transit and preserving neighbrhd character and stability.) Create incentive prgrams that allw residential develpment in the neighbrhds up t 45 units per acre if the result is quality develpment that expands husing chices and maintains affrdability. Develp design guidelines and regulatry cntrls t assure that the scale, massing and general character f prjects at units per acre demnstrate a gd fit with the existing character f the neighbrhd and that the desired mix f husing types and prices are actually achieved. Arts, Culture, Histry & Cmmunity Vigrusly celebrate arts, culture and histry in the 30th Street area thrugh hlding events and perfrmances, attracting galleries and artist studis and creating cultural facilities. Use arts and culture t create identity and a sense f cmmunity in the 30th Street area and t stimulate its ecnmic revitalizatin. Prvide pprtunities fr peple t bserve and participate in the creative prcess thrugh interactive wrkshps with wrking artists. 20

22 Sustainability Create mre sustainable develpment patterns and transprtatin systems thrugh implementatin f areawide plans and the preferred develpment cncepts in the subdistrict plans. As plan implementatin mves frward, each implementatin actin and develpment prpsal shuld be evaluated fr its sustainability, and every effrt shuld be made t mve tward a mre sustainable future as implementatin decisins are made. Encurage the use f green buildings as part f redevelpment and revitalizatin f the planning area. Whenever feasible, building cnstructin and remdeling shuld meet Leadership in Energy and Envirnmental Design (LEED) standards 8. Prmte sustainable lifestyles by establishing a year-rund farmers market where lcally grwn fds wuld be available, expanding the availability f transit, encuraging peple t walk and bicycle and rganizing car-share prgrams. Identify lcatins fr and establish cmmunity gardens in the neighbrhds and subdistricts. In sme cases, prperty wners may be willing t dnate space fr this activity. Wrkfrce Husing Increase husing affrdable acrss a range f incmes within the planning area acrss all residential types including, but nt limited t: apartments, cndminiums, twnhuses, duplexes, single family huses, live-wrk units, and c-perative and senir husing. Design & Branding Create an authentic identity and sense f place fr each f the subdistricts by drawing upn the natural setting and histry f the area, creating place names and develping design parameters that result in a distinctive character, Remving Barriers, Implementatin & Financing Reduce impediments t revitalizatin f the 30th Street planning area thrugh exerting leadership and frming partnerships between public agencies, the develpment cmmunity, neighbrhd assciatins and stakehlders. Engage in a cntinuing dialgue with the develpment cmmunity, lenders, appraisers and prperty wner t ascertain where barriers exist t achieving the master plan s visin, gals and bjectives. Appint an mbudsman t assist in reslving issues that are stumbling blcks t ecnmic develpment in the 30th Street planning area. Give particular attentin t creating cnsistency between the City s cmprehensive plan, develpment regulatins and this master plan. Streamline the develpment review prcess fr prjects which implement the master plan. 8 LEED is a third-party certificatin prgram and natinally accepted benchmark fr the design, cnstructin and peratin f high perfrmance green buildings. LEED prmtes a whle-building apprach t sustainability by recgnizing perfrmance in five key areas f human and envirnmental health: sustainable site develpment, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selectin and indr envirnmental quality. LEED gives building wners and peratrs the tls they need t have an immediate and measurable impact n their buildings perfrmance. This rating system was develped by the U.S Green Building Cuncil (USGBC). (www.usgbc.rg) 21

23 Remve barriers t redevelpment caused by aging and missing infrastructure. Invest public resurces in clsing gaps, imprving and expanding the infrastructure needed fr cncentrated urban develpment in the 30th Street planning area. Wrk tgether with cmmunity partners t develp creative ways t leverage federal, state and lcal gvernment resurces with private resurces t address such issues as wrkfrce husing, transit, parking, strm drainage and brwnfields. Maintain a lng term, 25-year implementatin plan fr the 30th Street Master Plan and a rlling five year implementatin prgram with annual actin steps. Use an interagency team t mnitr prgress n plan implementatin and t serve as an advcate fr the plan as funding pririties and budgets are set. Use existing City land hldings in the 30th Street area t prduce develpment prject that serve as catalysts and mdels fr what the City wants t happen in the 30th Street area. Use these landhldings and ther city assets as levers t inspire and challenge private prperty wners and develpers t mve the 30th Street master plan frward. 22

24 2. Backgrund Prject Lcatin The 30th Street planning area is lcated less than a mile nrthwest f dwntwn Bise and directly cnnected t the dwntwn via State Street and the ne-way cuplet f Main Street and Fairview Avenue. The planning area is apprximately 681 acres in size. It is bunded by State Street n the nrth; I-184 (I-84 Cnnectr) t the suth; 23rd Street t the east; and the Bise River, Clither Drive and Riviera Drive t the west. Figure 1 shws the bundaries f the planning area (see page 9). Figure 4 shws the planning area in its reginal cntext. Figure 4: Planning Area in Reginal Cntext Surce: HDR The 30th Street Extensin will ultimately extend suthwest frm the intersectin f State and Rse streets suth alng Rse t its current terminus; turning sutheast alng unimprved land fllwing the eastern bundary f the unimprved Esther Simplt Park t unimprved right-f-way between the Reflectins Apartments and Whittier Elementary Schl; and then cntinuing suth and terminating at the intersectin f Fairview Avenue and 30th Street. 23

25 River Envirnment The Bise River crridr is the mst prminent natural feature in the 30th Street planning area and its greatest asset. One f the key gals f this plan is t recgnize the Bise River crridr s exceptinal value, give clse attentin t hw every redevelpment decisin affects this crridr and t preserve and celebrate its. cntributin t the planning area s desirability and prsperity. The river and assciated pnds, wetlands and banks is habitat fr a wide array f small mammals and birds, including bald eagles. The river is rich with passive and active recreatin pprtunities including fishing, rafting, caneing, and wildlife viewing alng this segment f the 26-mile Bise River Greenbelt. The Bise River fldway is generally lcated within the City f Bise s parklands including the Esther Simplt Park, the Bernardine Quinn Riverside Park and the River Recreatin Park The 100-year fldplain extends as far east as 31st Street between Wdlawn and Regan Avenues. Cntinuing dwnstream, the fldplain includes a prtin f the ITD site adjacent t the Bise River and the Stne Gate Mbile Hme Park. Crane Creek is a tributary t the Bise River affecting the planning area. It drains twelve square miles f the Bise Fthills and jins the river near Rse Street. It is cntained in a flume an pen artificial water channel acrss the planning area. Flws frm the flume smetimes fld the Bise River pnds. Neighbrhd Histry & Character Histry f 30th Street Neighbrhd 9 The 30th Street planning area had its beginnings between 1903 and 1910, a time f grwth and prsperity in Bise. Tday, in the area s histric cre between 19th and 27th streets, attractive rws f early 20th century hmes line the streets. Early civic investments in these neighbrhds are evident in the sidewalks and mature trees in landscape strips between sidewalks and street edges. The neighbrhds included cmmercial uses, particularly at their western and suthern edges. Huses were built alng Main and Fairview, but Bise s primary railrad entered the city just suth f Fairview and cmmercial and industrial prperties such as lumberyards, glue factries, steel tank factries and il strage units lined the rute. While mst f the hmes in the Main-Fairview area are nw gne, industrial structures such as the ld Idah Pwer substatin and buildings n the Gdman Oil prperty remain. Heavy industry brdered the Bise River. The prperty dnated fr Esther Simplt Park hused tw slaughterhuse peratins early in the 20th century. As prperties t the east were identified fr residential use, the slaughterhuses clsed and gravel mining peratins alng the Bise River replaced them. Despite prximity t heavy industry, mdest hmes and rentals were built west f 27th Street and in 1949 Whittier Schl pened just blcks away frm an active gravel pit. Residential develpment slwed during the 1960s and 1970s. Industry cntinued near the river with cncrete-and asphalt-making peratins starting up in Diverse religius centers were attracted t the area. In 1937 the Bise Dicese established St. Mary s Cathlic Church at 26th and State streets. In 1947, Bise s rthdx Jewish cmmunity built the city s secnd synaggue, Cngregatin Ahavath Israel, n the western edge f the Fairview Additin at Bannck and 27th streets. In 1986, the rthdx and refrm cngregatins merged and cnverted the synaggue building int a Jewish religius schl. In 1951, Bise s small Orthdx Greek cmmunity pled their resurces t build the 9 City Histrian Tully Gerlach prvided the histrical material n which this sectin is based. 24

26 St. Cnstantine and Helen Church directly next dr t the synaggue. The First Cngregatinal United Church f Christ built their new church at Pleasantn and 23rd Street in 1967, and in 2004, this traditin f religius diversity cntinued with the establishment f the Bise Islamic Center and Msque at Stewart and 28th Street. In 1980, residents frmed the Veterans Park Neighbrhd Assciatin, including neighbrhd areas in the 30th Street planning area. The 1980s saw small imprvements in the area, particularly the expansin f the Bise River Greenbelt alng the western edge, cnnecting the sectins suth f dwntwn with Veterans Park. Industrial peratins were reduced remving heavy truck traffic frm neighbrhd streets, and in 1992 the I- 84 Cnnectr pened, creating a direct east-west rute frm dwntwn t the western parts f the Treasure Valley. Heavy traffic alng Main and Fairview ceased almst immediately. Reduced traffic affected the area s cmmercial prspects, and ver the next decade a number f businesses clsed, including large car dealerships, leaving vast tracts f empty cmmercial lts still vacant tday. The Bise River crridr has seen significant imprvements in the last fifteen years, with remval f mst industrial uses, cnversin f gravel pits int lakes, and establishment f the Bise River Greenbelt trail system, and a string f parks alng the river s edge. As was the case a century ag, prximity t dwntwn cntinues t attract hmebuyers, althugh hmes in the area suth f State Street are nt yet as expensive as in the Nrth End. A new generatin f residents is mving in and wrking t preserve histric hmes and remdel newer nes. The Veterans Park Neighbrhd Assciatin has new leadership wrking t increase membership and mbilize neighbrs t wrk tgether n shared interests. Demgraphic and Scial Cnditins The 30th Street neighbrhds nw attract many single peple and cuples f wrking age seeking an active lifestyle. Cmpared t the regin, the planning area s ppulatin is yunger, lives in smaller husehlds and is less likely t include children. Twenty-nine percent f the ppulatin is 20 t 34 years ld. This is 12 percent higher than fr the Bise Metrplitan Statistical Area (MSA) verall. Crrespndingly, the number f husehlds with children is 20 percent less than fr the Bise MSA. Figures 5 thrugh 15 summarize the area s demgraphics and husing characteristics. Husehlds The planning area s median husehld size is 2.1 persns per husehld cmpared with a median f 2.7 persns fr the Bise MSA. Over 70 percent f the planning area s ppulatin lives in ne and tw persn husehlds. This is 10 percent higher verall than Bise City, and 15 percent higher than the Bise MSA. 25

27 Surces fr Data in Figures 5-14: U.S. Bureau f the Census (2000) ESRI frecasts fr 2006 (2006) Surces fr Data in Figure 15: U.S. Bureau f the Census (2000); COMPASS Figure 5: Ppulatin (2006) Figure 6: Median Age (2006) Figure 7: Number & Percentage f Ppulatin 14 years r yunger (2006) Figure 8: Number & Percentage f Ppulatin 65 years r lder (2006) 26

28 Figure 9: Average Husehld Size (2006) Figure 10: Median Husehld Incme (2006) Figure 11: % Husing Built 1969 r Earlier (2000) Median Year Structure Built (2000) 27

29 Figure 12: Median Hme Value (2006) Figure 13: Percentage f Owner Occupied Husing Units (2006) Figure 14: Average Number f Vehicles Per Husehld 28

30 Drve Alne Carpl Public Transit Walked Other Means Wrked at Hme Ttal # Average Travel Time t Wrk Planning Area 77.0% 11.1% 1.7% 3.5% 2.7% 4.0% Nrth f State St. 79.9% 7.8% 1.9% 2.3% 4.8% 3.3% Suth f State St. 76.1% 11.9% 1.7% 3.9% 2.2% 4.2% Metr Area (Ada & Canyn Cunties) Drve Alne Carpl Public Transit Other Means (includin g Walk) Wrked at Hme Ttal # Average Travel Time t Wrk 80% 10% 1% 5% 4% 21.5 Figure 15: Means f Transprtatin t Wrk (2000) Average Travel Time t Wrk (in minutes) Hme Ownership Overall, 37 percent f the area s husing units are wner-ccupied, less than in the Bise MSA as a whle. The level f hme wnership varies dramatically in different parts f the planning area. Suth f State Street, nly 30.4% percent f the hmes are wner-ccupied. Nrth f State Street, the prprtin f wner-ccupied hmes increases t 61.5 percent. Figure 16 shws the distributin f wner-ccupied units in the planning area. Neighbrhd Assciatins Three neighbrhd assciatins are represented within the planning area: Veterans Park Neighbrhd Assciatin, Nrth End Neighbrhd Assciatin, and Sunset Neighbrhd Assciatin. 29

31 Figure 16: Distributin f Owner-Occupied Husing Units Surce: Ada Cunty Assessr; HDR Schls There are tw public elementary schls, Lwell and Whittier Elementary Schls; and ne private elementary schl, St. Mary s Elementary Schl. The Independent Schl District f Bise recently cmpleted a facilities study and bth public schls are t remain pen. A majr remdel f Lwell Elementary is planned. The frmer Madisn Elementary Schl is als in the area and prvides a preschl prgram. Students frm the 30 th Street planning area attend the fllwing schls: Bise High Schl 89 students Lwell Elementary Schl -121 students Nrth Junir High Schl -71 students Whittier Elementary Schl -65 students Children attending Lwell and Whittier Elementary must crss majr streets. The schl district prvides a crssing guard t assist children crssing at the Bannck / 27 th Street intersectin and the State / 28th street intersectin. 30

32 Religius Institutins The area is hme t a diverse mix f religius institutins: First Cngregatinal United Church f Christ Hly Transfiguratin Orthdx Church Islamic Center f Bise St. Cnstantine and Helen Greek Orthdx Church f Bise St. Mary s Cathlic Church St. Seraphim f Sarv Orthdx Church Additinal infrmatin n the current state f the 30 th Street planning area is included in the areawide plans in Chapter 4. 31

33 3. Plan Framewrk In early 2006, the City f Bise initiated a jint prject with the ACHD t develp a cncept design fr the 30th Street Extensin and create a master plan fr the 30th Street planning area. The 30th Street Extensin will cnnect State Street t the Main-Fairview cuplet alng the west side f the 30th Street neighbrhd. A master plan is needed t address pprtunities presented by the 30th Street Extensin and the need t make this new radway cmpatible with existing neighbrhd areas and future develpment. In additin, radway cnstructin and ther majr public imprvements such as the Esther Simplt Park and River Recreatin Park are expected t stimulate market interest and develpment. This master plan is intended t guide this develpment. It identifies fur develpment pprtunity areas Main-Fairview, ITD headquarters, 27th and Pleasantn and 30th and Pleasantn and presents a develpment prgram and cncept plan fr each area. The 30th Street Master Plan is visinary, realistic and achievable. As nted in the Intrductin, develping the master plan invlved 1) creatin f a market strategy and preliminary develpment prgram fr the planning area, 2) a traffic analysis study and 3) participatin frm the neighbrhd, prperty and business wners and ther stakehlders t develp a new visin fr the neighbrhd s future, and descriptin f the desired develpment and redevelpment. Fundatin f Master Plan The master planning prcess invlved three imprtant activities that prvide a fundatin fr the develpment prgram and plan cncepts. These activities included: Market Strategy A market strategy examines the means (tls, prgrams, incentives, plicies and ther levers ) t enhance existing ecnmic develpment pprtunities and create new nes. It is a lnger-term apprach than a study f current market cnditins. Rather, it is a practive prcess t shape cnditins and create new pssibilities. It takes a hlistic apprach t answering these questins: What d we want this place t becme? What will it take t get it there? On behalf f the City f Bise, Leland Cnsulting Grup (LCG) prepared the 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy t prvide a starting pint fr the planning prcess. The market strategy is summarized in Chapter 5. The full reprt is available frm Bise City Planning & Develpment Services Department. The market strategy: Evaluates market cnditins and estimate demand fr varius uses in the planning area. Identifies develpment pprtunities and creates a develpment prgram fr the planning area. Establishes strategic principles that, when applied, will attract and supprt the desired uses. Describes hw t maximize specific assets, lcatinal advantages and placemaking pprtunities unique t each subdistrict t create market interest in the planning area. 32

34 30th Street Extensin Traffic Study The Greenbelt Cmprehensive Plan prepared by the City f Bise in 1968 first prpsed the 30th Street Extensin. In 1995, ACHD prepared the Bench/Valley Transprtatin Study t identify transprtatin needs in a 33-square mile area between Orchard Street and Overland, Clverdale and Hill rads. Extensin f 30th Street frm State Street t the Main-Fairview Cuplet was identified as ne f seven rad imprvement crridrs needed t prvide better nrth-suth circulatin in Ada Cunty. Cnceptual alignments and cst estimates were develped fr these crridrs. The Bench/Valley Study recmmended prceeding with the 30th Street Extensin nce develpment and redevelpment became prevalent in the 30th Street Extensin prject area. As ACHD prepared t take the 30th Street Extensin frward, and the 30th Street master planning prcess cmmenced, a traffic study was cnducted t evaluate pssible cnfiguratins fr this radway in terms f number f lanes, lane widths, intersectin designs, use f medians and traffic cntrls. Main Street, Fairview Avenue and 27th Street were als studied. A traffic study evaluates traffic peratins fr varius radway design cncepts and identifies the best prject alternative t accmmdate anticipated future cnditins. The 30th Street Extensin Traffic Study examined three scenaris including: N Build Building a 3-lane 30th Street Extensin and retaining the existing fur lanes n 27th Street Building a 5-lane 30th Street Extensin and reducing 27th Street t three lanes The traffic study recmmended the third ptin: a 5-lane 30th Street Extensin design with tw travel lanes in each directin, and a center median and turn bays where apprpriate. With the 5-lane cnfiguratin n the 30th Street Extensin, 27th Street can be reduced t 3 lanes, with ne travel lane in each directin and a center turn lane/median. As part f the master planning prcess, specific design alternatives fr the 30th Street Extensin and fr Main Street, Fairview Avenue and 27th Street were develped, tested and preferred alternatives were selected. Chapter 4: Areawide Plans includes a sectin called Radways describing the City f Bise s preferred design alternatives. Appendix B discusses in detail the alternatives that were cnsidered fr the fur radways nted abve and the evaluatin results fr each alternative. Charrette Reprt - 30th Street Specific Area Plan The master planning prcess was initiated in December It began with the fllwing activities: assessing histric develpment patterns and existing cnditins interviewing area residents and business wners in the planning area n current and ptential future cnditins cnducting stakehlder wrkshps At ne f these rundtable sessins and in a neighbrhd meeting, participants were asked what they thught were the strengths, weaknesses, pprtunities and threats (SWOT) assciated with the planning area. Appendix A prvides a summary f the results frm this input. In February 2007, the City f Bise, ACHD, ther public agencies and a cnsultant team cnducted a design charrette t cmbine the develpment prgram prepared by LCG and public input t 1) create cncept plans fr the develpment pprtunity areas and 2) preliminary radway cncept designs fr the majr streets in the 33

35 planning area: 30th Street Extensin, 27th Street between Pleasantn and Stewart, Main Street and Fairview Avenue. A design charrette allws stakehlders residents, prperty wners, business wners, and elected and appinted fficials t wrk tgether with staff frm affected agencies and cnsultants t develp a visin and design cncepts fr a particular area, issue r prject. The charrette prcess is shrt, with access t a multidisciplinary grup f experts. The apprach is highly inclusive and transparent, allwing all participants t cllabrate in the planning prcess. The prcess is very iterative, allwing ideas and slutins t be develped, tested, revised and refined. The gal is t create high quality design cncepts with significant plitical and public supprt. A design charrette is particularly helpful when addressing the cmplex and interrelated land use and transprtatin issues assciated with the design and cnstructin f a new radway. The design charrette was held between February 12 and February 17, 2007 at the First Cngregatinal United Church f Christ lcated n Wdlawn Avenue. Frm the cmmunity kick-ff meeting n Day 1 t the final presentatin n Day 5, the charrette prcess facilitated the develpment and refinement f ideas, cncepts and prpsals t shape the area s future. The Charrette Reprt 30th Street Specific Area Plan was published in March This reprt alng with the 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy prvides the fundatin fr the 30th Street Master Plan. Mre infrmatin abut the charrette prcess is in Appendix A. Overarching Themes Neighbrhd Preservatin & Revitalizatin The fur areas within the 30 th Street planning area, highlighted as unique pprtunities fr redevelpment, cmprise less than 15 percent f the ttal land area. The land utside these fur subdistricts is verwhelmingly single family residential. While the strategy fr the fur highlighted subdistricts aims t transfrm underdevelped land int higher intensity activity centers, the strategy fr the remainder f the area is t prmte and supprt smaller scale, market-driven redevelpment prjects in keeping with the neighbrhds existing character. The current Land Use Map allws fr densities up t 8 units per acre in the neighbrhd nrth f State Street which matches existing develpment patterns. It allws 15 units per acre in the neighbrhd suth f State Street, which is higher than is typical in this neighbrhd nw. The plan recmmends a certain amunt f redevelpment in the neighbrhds t achieve a greater mix f husing types, prices and rents. One f the key gals f this plan is t create incentive prgrams that allw increased residential densities in the neighbrhds up t 45 units per acre if the result is quality develpment that expands husing chices and maintains affrdability, It is essential, hwever, that such prgrams be accmpanied by design guidelines and regulatry cntrls t assure that the scale, massing and general character f prjects receiving density bnuses demnstrate a gd fit with the existing character f the neighbrhd and a mix f husing types and prices are achieved. Examples f medium density husing types at varius densities are shwn in Figure 17. Mre peple living in the neighbrhds wuld blster market supprt fr shpping and services desired by neighbrhd residents, and culd be a factr in keeping Whittier Elementary pen as a neighbrhd schl. A key gal f this plan is t allw fr neighbrhd redevelpment which bradens the range f husing, emplyment and shpping ptins as lng as it respects and strengthens the inherent character f the existing neighbrhds. The implementatin plan in Chapter 6 includes creating neighbrhd redevelpment guidelines and regulatry cntrls t assure this gal is met. 34

36 Warm Springs Twnhmes 11.4 units/acre Shilh Twnhmes 11.6 units/acre Hyde Park Place 46 units/acre Crescent Rim 18 units/acre Davis Twnhmes 9.3 units/acre Figure 17: Examples f Medium Density Husing Types at Varius Densities Surce: COMPASS 35

37 Cntributin f Arts, Culture and Histry t Cmmunity Prsperity The City f Bise views arts, culture and histry (as) integral parts f ur everyday experience and a vivid expressin f ur diversity, depth and dreams. 10 The arts are a pwerful means fr bringing diverse peple tgether and creating a rich and engaging sense f cmmunity. Participatin in the arts, whether as a perfrmer, participant, student r audience member creates individual and cmmunity meaning. Stakehlders in the 30th Street neighbrhds have expressed a strng desire t infuse the 30th Street area with arts and cultural activities and t create cultural facilities as this area develps. A thriving arts scene is als an imprtant ecnmic develpment generatr in additin t the intrinsic benefits the arts prvide the cmmunity. 11 Cmmunities with a rich variety f arts and cultural fferings are viewed as livable, attractive cmmunities they draw business investment, a skilled wrkfrce, turism and cnventin activity, and peple lking t relcate r retire. Cultural facilities ften serve as catalysts in effrts t revitalize dwntwns and first ring neighbrhds such as the 30th Street area. In areas that have been left behind by ecnmic shifts like the warehuse districts in dwntwn Bise r in Garden City artists and arts rganizatins have been early pineers in effrts t transfrm them int vibrant new places. A key gal f this plan is t vigrusly celebrate arts, culture and histry in the 30th Street area thrugh hlding events and wrkshps, attracting galleries and artist studis and creating cultural facilities. This gal includes using arts and culture t create identity and a sense f cmmunity in the 30th Street area and t stimulate its ecnmic revitalizatin. Specific ideas frm neighbrhd stakehlders n celebrating the arts and develping cultural facilities, and hw these activities culd bring greater prsperity t the area are discussed in Chapter 6: Implementatin under Strategy #9. Histric preservatin is ften verlked as a cmpnent f neighbrhd stability and revitalizatin. Retaining histric buildings creates shared landmarks and prvides rts fr peple s experiences and memries. The residential area suth f State Street and between 23rd and 27th streets has a significant number f hmes cnstructed between the 1900s and the 1940s. Neighbrhd schls add t this histric fabric and cntribute t the sense f cmmunity in the 30th Street area. The ITD headquarters building is the mst significant landmark in the planning area. It is an example f the Internatinal style and was designed by Bise architect Charles Hummel. The general design and develpment guidelines at the beginning f Chapter 5 include guidance n hw t apprach histric buildings in redevelpment areas. Preservatin, restratin, adaptive reuse f histric structures r façades shuld be cnsidered fr cntributing buildings whenever feasible. 10 This statement appears as the visin statement fr the Bise City Arts and Histry Department n the department s website (www.cityfbise.rg/citygvernment/artsandhistry/). 11 In 2000 and 2005, the City f Bise participated in a natinwide survey n Arts & Ecnmic Prsperity - The Ecnmic Impact f Nnprfit Arts and Culture Organizatins and Their Audiences cnducted by Americans fr the Arts. The key lessn gained frm this research is that cmmunities that invest in the arts reap the additinal benefit f jbs, ecnmic grwth, and a quality f life that psitins thse cmmunities t cmpete in ur 21 st century creative ecnmy. In 2005, fr the City f Bise, the ttal ecnmic impact f the nnprfit arts and culture industry, which includes expenditures by bth rganizatins and their audiences, was $38,024,057. The arts and cultural rganizatins spent $19.65 millin in the lcal ecnmy, which leveraged a remarkable $18.38 millin in additinal spending by audiences spending that pumps vital revenue int lcal restaurants, htels, retail stres, parking garages, and ther businesses. This industry generates 1,262 full-time equivalent jbs, $1,280,000 in lcal gvernment revenue and $2,228,000 in state gvernment revenue. The ecnmic impact in 2005 was twice the impact in 2000 ($38.02 millin versus $17.98 millin). Surce: Arts & Ecnmic Prsperity III: The Ecnmic Impact f Nnprfit Arts and Culture Organizatins and Their Audiences in the City f Bise, ID. Published by Americans fr the Arts, Washingtn DC, (www.americansfrthearts.rg) 36

38 Sustainability Sustainable Develpment Patterns Sustainable develpment is defined as meeting the needs f the present withut cmprmising the ability f future generatins t meet their wn needs. 12 Develpment patterns cver a spectrum frm rural t suburban t urban, and have different impacts n resurce cnsumptin and the envirnment. 13 In the suburban mdel, develpment is spread ut, densities are relatively lw and uses are segregated. In the urban mdel, develpment is cmpact, densities are relatively high and uses are integrated. In suburban areas, the amunt f land used fr human settlement, rads and parking lts is much higher than in the urban areas and leaves less land fr fd prductin, harvesting natural resurces, recreatin, recharging aquifers and natural habitat. Csts fr building and maintaining infrastructure are higher because rads, sewer and water systems, fr example, must cver mre territry t serve the same number f custmers. The cst t transprt peple and gds is als higher because distances between destinatins are greater. The suburban mdel relies n driving as the primary means f transprtatin because autmbiles ffer the flexibility needed t access dispersed develpment. Driving usually depends n fssil fuels. In the lng term, fssil fuels will get mre expensive and are nt renewable. In mst metrplitan areas, driving als cntributes t air pllutin, traffic cngestin and time delays. Radways and parking lts are using ever increasing amunts f land, create heat islands, raise ambient temperatures and affect climate and increase use f climate cntrls like air cnditining. The cst t build and maintain radways puts pressure n public agency budgets. Urban areas use less land fr human settlement making it pssible fr peple t meet their daily needs with less transprtatin. Because uses are clser tgether and mre integrated, the urban pattern makes walking and bicycling practical alternatives t driving. These frms f transprtatin are much mre inclusive and much less expensive than autmbiles, and they d nt require fssil fuels. At urban densities, it is feasible t supply transprtatin using public transit systems. Transit, especially rail transit, can be run n a much wider range f fuels than autmbiles. Transit carries mre peple in less space using less fuel per persn than d autmbiles, and has the ptential t reduce air pllutin and traffic cngestin. A key gal f this plan is t create mre cmpact develpment patterns and transprtatin systems, and the preferred develpment cncepts shw a strng cmmitment t sustainability. As plan implementatin mves frward, each implementatin actin and develpment prpsal shuld be evaluated fr its sustainability, and every effrt shuld be made t mve tward a mre sustainable future as implementatin decisins are made. 12 This definitin was first used in the Reprt f the Wrld Cmmissin n Envirnment and Develpment, Our Cmmn Future, Frm One Earth t One Wrld published by Oxfrd University Press in The reprt is als knwn as the Reprt f the Brundtland Cmmissin, Our Cmmn Future after the Cmmissin Chairman Gr Harlem Brundtland. It is psted at The definitin f sustainable develpment appears in An Overview by the Wrld Cmmissin n Envirnmental and Develpment, IV. A Call fr Actin, 3. Sustainable Develpment. This sectin can be accessed using this web address: 13 This sectin evaluates the sustainability f suburban and urban develpment patterns, but mits rural develpment patterns because they are nt relevant t the 30th Street planning area. 37

39 Green Building Design A green building places a high pririty n health, envirnmental and resurce cnservatin perfrmance ver its life-cycle. These pririties expand and cmplement classical building design cncerns: ecnmy, utility, durability, and delight. Green design emphasizes a number f new envirnmental, resurce and ccupant health cncerns: Reduce human expsure t nxius materials Cnserve nn-renewable energy and scarce materials Minimize life-cycle eclgical impact f energy and materials used Use renewable energy and materials that are harvested in a sustainable manner Prtect and restre lcal air, water, sils, flra and fauna Supprt walking, bicycling, transit and ther alternatives t fssil-fueled vehicles A green apprach t the built envirnment invlves a hlistic apprach t building design. Each building design decisin has envirnmental implicatins. Methds f achieving green building design can be divided int fur areas: reducing energy cnsumptin minimizing external pllutin and envirnmental damage reducing embdied energy and resurce depletin minimizing internal pllutin and damage t health Mst green buildings are high-quality buildings. They last lnger, cst less t perate and maintain, and generally prvide greater ccupant satisfactin than standard develpments. Sphisticated buyers and tenants prefer them, and are ften willing t pay a premium fr their advantages. Gd green buildings ften cst little r n mre t build than cnventinal designs. Cmmitment t better perfrmance, clse teamwrk thrughut the design prcess, penness t new appraches, and infrmatin n hw these are best applied are mre imprtant than a large cnstructin budget. Green buildings are encuraged thrughut the planning area as redevelpment and revitalizatin get underway. The City f Bise has adpted a plicy requiring cnsideratin f green building standards in all new cnstructin and remdels f City-wned facilities. Tw cmmercial structures in Bise, the Banner Bank Building and Frnt 5 Building are certified under the LEED prgram. 8 Sustainable Living Peple make chices every day that affect air and water quality, energy cnsumptin and whether, nce used, resurces are recycled and reused r discarded. There is a keen interest amng stakehlders in the 30th Street area in steps being taken t prmte sustainable lifestyles. Ideas expressed during the develpment f this plan included establishing a year-rund farmers market where lcally grwn fds wuld be available, creating cmmunity gardens, expanding the availability f transit, encuraging peple t walk and bicycle and rganizing car-share prgrams. 38

40 Mst f these ideas will require spnsrs t mve these ideas frward and a place fr these activities t ccur. The city and the neighbrhd assciatin shuld wrk tgether t identify pssible lcatins in the neighbrhds and in the subdistricts as the plans fr these areas are refined. In sme cases, prperty wners may be willing t dnate space fr these activities. Wrkfrce Husing Husing affrdable fr peple earning average salaries is critical t the health and vitality f any cmmunity. Within Bise, wrkfrce husing as well as husing acrss a range f incmes is imprtant t help sustain grwth and ecnmic develpment. The husing stck within the 30 th Street planning area is amng the mst affrdable in the area arund dwntwn. Only 30 percent f the hmes suth f State Street are wnerccupied. Much f this husing stck is lder, smewhat smaller n average, and in less than tp cnditin. The regin s demgraphics are dminated by ne and tw adult husehlds, generally withut children. This demgraphic typically is mst receptive t alternative husing types. This master plan s gal is t increase the wrkfrce husing supply within the area acrss all residential types including, but nt limited t: apartments, cndminiums, twnhuses, live-wrk units, duplexes and single family huses. T the extent that land csts are generally similar, the ability t prvide mre units n a given parcel f land helps reduce unit csts. When cnstructin csts are generally similar, reducing individual unit sizes, aggregating units fr ecnmies f scale, and creating plans fr gradual incremental expansin ver time all help reduce initial unit csts. The public sectr can create meaningful incentives t encurage a range f wrkfrce husing ptins including: Linkage prgrams, in which the right t develp a certain amunt f nn-residential space carries with it the requirement t develp a certain amunt f residential develpment; Density bnuses if develpers include wrkfrce husing units in their prjects. Partnerships in which the public sectr cntributes materially t a private develpment in return fr the prvisin f wrkfrce husing. An example f this wuld be the dnatin f public land t a develpment r the use f public funds t create a parking structure t be shared amng varius uses. Design & Branding The Plan Framewrk describes a series f design parameters fr each subdistrict t help ensure the subdistrict achieves its full market ptential. Each subdistrict is intended t have the lk and feel desired by area residents and t be ecnmically successful ver the lng-term. The design parameters take advantage f the transprtatin infrastructure while sftening the impacts f arterial rads that traverse the subdistricts. Prpsed design parameters address architectural design and landscaping at a basic level. These elements shuld be mre fully analyzed t brand the area, i.e., t create a special identity fr the area that is part f Bise City but uniquely its wn. Significant features that have meaning fr the neighbrhds and cmmunity can be used as a basis fr branding. Thrughut the charrette, new ideas abut features representing the area emerged including renaming the 30th Street Extensin t Riverfrnt Parkway r Whitewater Parkway. Overcming Barriers The market study identified a strng redevelpment market within the 30th Street planning area. Additinal grwth and develpment amunting t clse t $725 millin in value culd be achieved by Hwever, barriers t achieving this level f redevelpment currently exist. At present, relatively little redevelpment is ccurring within the area. If the private sectr alne were able t realize prfit, redevelpment wuld already be ccurring. Current barriers t be vercme include physical cnditins and limits, regulatry issues, plitical supprt r lack theref, and access t financing. An verall redevelpment plan and prgram can 39

41 minimize regulatry and plitical issues, and help expand the availability f redevelpment financing. Cnstructing the 30th Street Extensin will remve sme physical limitatins, and develping prpsed new transit rutes will attract develper attentin and encurage them t chse the 30th Street area as a place t invest. Implementatin and Financing The City f Bise, ACHD, develpers and Capital City Develpment Crpratin (CCDC) 14 must wrk tgether t implement the recmmended land use and transprtatin prgram fr the 30th Street area. The recmmendatins fr the 30th Street Extensin generally exceed thse riginally anticipated in rder t cnstruct this radway as a cmplete street. The enhancement f 27th Street, ther than restriping, and imprvements t the Main-Fairview cuplet were nt anticipated as part f the 30th Street Extensin prject. The recmmended transprtatin infrastructure is likely t drive cnstructin csts significantly higher than thse riginally prjected. Generally, ACHD will nt pay fr transprtatin imprvements beynd its standard street sectins. The implementatin prgram is ambitius and includes nt nly radways but a number f capital prjects. Achieving this prgram will require fully leveraging existing fiscal cmmitments t the 30th Street planning area with innvative r alternative financing mechanisms. Sme f the imprvements are anticipated t be funded by new develpment. Tax increment financing, lcal imprvement districts, federal, state and lcal grants and investing impact fees and parking revenues cllected in the 30th Street area back int the area, are all ptential funding surces. N ne entity can achieve the 30th Street visin. Only a successful cperative effrt between the neighbrhd, private and public sectrs will secure the desired redevelpment and revitalizatin f the 30th Street planning area. 14 Capital City Develpment Crpratin is the urban renewal agency fr the City f Bise. 40

42 4. Areawide Plans Intrductin The 30 th Street Master Plan identifies the significant issues affecting the verall planning area, describes the current situatin and desired future with respect t these issues, and prvides plans and ther tls t imprve cnditins in the planning area. This master plan includes the fllwing areawide plans: 4.1 Preferred Develpment Cncept 4.2 Radway Plan 4.3 Parking Plan 4.4 Transit Plan 4.5 Pedestrian & Bicycle Facilities Plan 4.6 Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan 4.7 Utilities Plan 4.8 Hazardus Cnditins Planning Cnsideratins 2011 Bise City Cmprehensive Plan Blueprint Bise The 30th Street Master Plan shuld be cnsidered in the cntext f ther related plans and develpment regulatins including Blueprint Bise, the City s Cmprehensive Plan, Bise City Zning Ordinance and the Transprtatin and Land Use Integratin Plan (TLIP). TLIP, which was adpted by ACHD in January 2009, prvides guidance n hw t better design streets s they accmmdate a variety f travel mdes and are cmpatible with surrunding land uses. This sectin discusses hw the master plan prpsals relate t these plans and develpment regulatins Bise City Cmprehensive Plan Blueprint Bise Frm Bise City rewrte its Cmprehensive Plan thrugh a prcess called Blueprint Bise. Extensive citizen participatin helped define the future f the city in accrd with the six themes listed belw. #1: A predictable develpment pattern #2: A cmmunity f stable neighbrhds and vibrant mixed-use activity centers #3: A cnnected cmmunity #4: A cmmunity that values its culture, educatin, and the arts #5: A cmmunity that values its built character as well as its natural resurces 41

43 #6: A strng diverse ecnmy The 30 th Area Master Plan s visin and future directin fr the 30th Street neighbrhds is cnsistent with Blueprint Bise s basic principles. The Master Plan s apprach is likely t becme a mdel f ther areas f the city. A catalg f land use types was develped as part f the Blueprint Bise effrt. Several f these land use types fit well with the plan cncepts cntained in the 30th Street Master Plan. 15 They include: Cmmunity and Neighbrhd Mixed Use Centers Cmpact Neighbrhds Mixed Use Emplyment Cmmercial Crridrs Transit Crridrs Parks and Open Space The 30th Street planning area is lcated in the Nrth End / East End planning area and in the Dwntwn planning area. The Nrth End / East End plicies relate mst clsely t the existing residential neighbrhd in the 30th Street planning area and the Dwntwn plicies relate mst clsely t the tw majr develpment pprtunity areas: the ITD subdistrict and the Main-Fairview subdistrict. Figure 18: Blueprint Bise Cmprehensive Plan Land Use Designatins Surce: City f Bise, HDR June 2009 The 27th Street Neighbrhd Center between Stewart and Pleasantn is envisined t be a mixed use district with retail and service businesses, café style restaurants and pssibly cndminiums, twnhuses, apartments and live-wrk units, which is nt shwn in the cmprehensive plan. The Park View subdistrict wuld include a variety f multifamily husing lining the east side f the 30th Street Extensin between Regan and Pleasantn, and verlking the Esther Simplt Park. It culd als include a destinatin-type restaurant 15 Preferred land use types fr the 30th Street planning area are discussed n pages

44 adjacent t Idah River Sprts. There is a mixed use designatin in the cmprehensive plan that culd cver the cmmercial prtin f this subdistrict, and a residential designatin that culd cver the residential prtin but the bundary may need t be adjusted t reflect the 30th Street Extensin s alignment. Fr bth the 27th Street and 30th Street subdistricts, sme analysis wuld be needed f the future residential densities t make certain they will fit within the medium density categry as ppsed t the high density categry. The cmprehensive plan designatins fr the neighbrhds nrth and suth f State Street are cnsistent with the 30th Street Master Plan. Bise City Zning Ordinance Current zning designatins in the 30th Street planning area include: R-1C Single Family Residential (8 units/acre), R-2 Medium Density Residential (14.5 units/acre) and R-3 Higher Density Residential (43.5 units/acre); N-O Neighbrhd Office; R-O Residential Office; C-2 Neighbrhd Cmmercial, C-3 Service Cmmercial, C-4 Planning Cmmercial and C-4 DEF East Fairview Overlay; and A-1 Open Land. Figure 19 shws the lcatin f these zning districts in the planning area. Figure 19: Bise City Zning Designatins Surce: City f Bise June

45 A significant amunt f land in the Main-Fairview crridr is designated as neighbrhd cmmercial, with the area between Fairview Avenue and the Bise River designated fr service cmmercial. Alng State Street, there is a cncentratin f neighbrhd cmmercial between 27th and 32nd streets. Higher density, multifamily residential areas (R-3) appear adjacent t the cmmercial crridrs between Davis and Gding suth f State Street and alng Idah and Bannck nrth f the Main-Fairview cuplet. The areas designated R-3 prvides a transitin frm the radway crridrs t the extensive single family residential neighbrhd between State and Main streets. Much f this neighbrhd is nt designated as single family residential (R-1) but as medium density residential (R-2), which allws bth single family and multifamily residential and a higher verall density than is typical nw. It explains the garden apartments at varius lcatins in this neighbrhd area. In cntrast, the neighbrhd nrth f State Street is designated R-1, which matches the existing land use. Several zning designatins are cmbined with an verlay district fr either design review r histric preservatin. A prtin f the Expanded Nrth End Histric District verlaps the planning area between 23rd and 27th nrth f State Street. Cmmercial and multifamily residentially zned prperties adjacent t the Main/Fairview cuplet and State Street crridrs are under a design review verlay. The ITD site is designated as A-1 Open Land because it is state-wned and the City f Bise has n zning jurisdictin ver this site. In rder t implement the develpment cncepts in the master plan, new zning tls will mst likely be needed. The land use types prpsed in Blueprint Bise ffer a gd starting pint fr creating zning designatins mre in keeping with the master plan. These land use types emphasize creating cmpact, urban frm and mixed use envirnments mre than the current zning rdinance. Once the land use types have becme adpted plicy, using them t create zning designatins will bring greater cherence between the planning plicies in this master plan and the develpment regulatins intended t implement them. Transprtatin and Land Use Integratin Plan (TLIP) In 2006, ACHD began develping the Transprtatin and Land Use Integratin Plan (TLIP) in partnership with Ada Cunty, cities in Ada Cunty, Valley Reginal Transit, Idah Transprtatin Department, CCDC, citizens and ther stakehlders. This plan addresses street classificatins and design. First, it identifies typical land use patterns served by streets under its jurisdictin and describes hw t better integrate street design with these patterns. This apprach is ften referred t as cntext-sensitive street design. Secnd, it emphasizes creating cmplete streets, i.e. streets able t accmmdate nt nly mtr vehicles but als ther travel mdes. Using bth appraches, ACHD has identified a series f street typlgies such as residential lcal and cllectr streets, cmmercial cllectrs and arterials, industrial arterials, twn center cllectrs and arterials. The street sectins assciated with each typlgy shw whether the street will include a landscape strip with street trees between the curb and sidewalk, n-street parking, bicycle lanes, bus stps, center medians, turn lanes and ther features. The typlgies als shw the typical number f travel lanes. 16 In the past, the street classificatin plan fr Ada Cunty shwed mst streets as having ne classificatin fr their entire length even thugh the street might travel thrugh areas having very different land use characteristics. The prpsed street classificatin plan cnsiders the land use character alng each segment f a street and assigns a typlgy t that segment based n the cntext. Certain streets have mre than ne classificatin. The wrk n TLIP is cnsistent with feedback received frm citizens during the develpment f the reginal transprtatin and land use plan Cmmunities in Mtin r CIM and f the Blueprint fr Gd Grwth, a 16 ACHD develped the Livable Street Design Guide as part f the TLIP prject. This guide identifies the street typlgies, includes diagrams and aerial phtgraphs shwing the typical cntext where each street typlgy wuld ccur and a perspective drawing shwing the street imprvements assciated with each typlgy. ACHD adpted the Livable Street Design Guide in May

46 land use and transprtatin planning prcess being cnducted by the Ada Cunty Cnsrtium. 17 Municipalities and citizens have expressed a strng desire fr mre sensitive street design especially fr arterial and cllectr streets that crss thrugh r brder residential neighbrhds. The public is als interested in street designs that accmmdate transit and make bicycling and walking practical and safe alternatives t use f mtr vehicles fr transprtatin. The cncepts used in TLIP, i.e., cntext sensitive street design and cmplete streets, have been applied in the street designs fr the 30th Street Extensin, Main Street, Fairview Avenue and 27th Street in this master plan. The prpsed street designs including plan views and sectins are cntained in Sectin 4.2 Radways in Chapter ACHD initiated the planning prcess that became Blueprint fr Gd Grwth in an effrt t crdinate this agency s radway imprvement plans with future land use plans in Ada Cunty. Blueprint fr Gd Grwth has been carried frward by the Ada Cunty Cnsrtium, a partnership f gvernments in charge f lcal land use and radway planning: Ada Cunty, the cities f Bise, Eagle, Kuna, Meridian and Star, the Ada Cunty Highway District and the Idah Transprtatin Department. The partners want t better crdinate land use and transprtatin planning t ensure that grwth is rderly and beneficial fr the cmmunity's cntinued prsperity and quality f life. 45

47 Areawide Plans 4.1: Preferred Develpment Cncept Existing Develpment Patterns Residential Residential uses dminate the planning area excluding the State Street crridr and the Main-Fairview cuplet. One and tw stry, single family huses are the mst cmmn land use in the neighbrhds. Mst were built ver 40 years ag and have vehicular access frm mid-blck alleyways. The huses are generally set back between 20 feet and 25 feet frm the edge f the street. Fewer than ne hundred building permits have been issued by the City f Bise in the past five years, indicating slw grwth frm infill develpment r remdels. The standard single family lt is typically 50 feet wide and 100 t 122 feet deep. Blcks usually cntain 12 lts, with six n each side f a 16-ft alley (apprximately 7 units per acre). Certain subdivisins have blcks that were riginally platted with 25-ft lts, resulting in 24 lts per blck r 14 units per acre. When riginally platted, peple culd buy ne, tw r mre lts t build hmes. Sme f the 25-ft lts have been redevelped with narrw, tw-stry huses that differ frm the traditinal ne-stry bungalws mre cmmn in the 30th Street planning area. (The east side f 28th Street between Davis and Jrdan streets is an example.) The Bise City Cmprehensive Plan encurages infill redevelpment in traditinal neighbrhds like this planning area, and the Bise City Cuncil has set a plicy that these narrw lts can be reused rather than requiring lt cnslidatins t achieve a larger minimum lt size. Infill redevelpment at units per acre in these neighbrhds increases husing ptins clse t emplyment, lwers husing csts and supprts transit. The initial designs fr the skinny huses were cntrversial. New design guidelines have been develped t address cmmunity cncerns with this type f husing. Huses in the 30th Street neighbrhds include an eclectic mix f pre- and pst-wrld War II residential architecture. Mst have rfs with a 3:12 t 6:12 pitch. Cnstructin includes a variety f materials wd, stucc, brick, and masnry. Cmmercial Cmmercial buildings vary widely in size and style. Figure 20 shws the distributin f cmmercial parcels within the planning area. Tw majr clusters ccur in the Main-Fairview crridr and alng State Street as described belw: Main Street/Fairview Avenue This crridr was nce hme t thriving autmbile dealerships and ther cmmercial businesses but business activity has declined since the cnstructin f the I-84 Cnnectr in A variety f free standing retail, lw rise ffice and mtels ccupy this area tday. Numerus prperties are either vacant, underutilized r have clsed businesses. Prperty wnership is typically fragmented, but there are several large prperties, including an 8-1/2 acre site wned by the City f Bise. 46

48 State Street This cmmercial crridr, lcated between 27th Street and Veterans Memrial Park, is n ne f Bise s mst heavily trafficked rads, and is dminated by the 45- acre ITD headquarters site. Older cnvenience retail, aut-riented businesses, small restaurants, bars and ffices n parcels less than ne acre line the street. ITD Headquarters State Street Cmmercial Crridr ITD Headquarters Main Street/ Fairview Avenue Figure 20: Distributin f Cmmercial Prperties Surce: Ada Cunty Assessr; HDR; Bise City Other cmmercial areas include ffices and a small grcery alng three blcks f 27th Street and a recreatin-riented business at the intersectin f Pleasantn Avenue and 31st Street. Area residents have nted a lack f restaurants and ther neighbrhd-serving businesses. The market research cnducted as a part f this planning effrt indicated that there is sufficient unmet demand t supprt an additinal 65,000 square feet f retail in the Main-Fairview crridr and an additinal 76,000 square feet f retail at State and Rse. Other Land Uses As nted in the Chapter 1: Intrductin, the planning area includes an elementary schl, a number f places f wrship and several parks. 47

49 Land Use Categries The preferred develpment cncept takes a lng-term view f future land-use patterns in the 30th Street planning area. The land use types anticipated by this cncept are described belw and shwn in Figure 21. Mixed-Use Activity Center These activity centers have a mix f higher intensity uses including ffice, residential, retail and service businesses, restaurants and entertainment uses, and may als have ldging and cnventin r cnference facilities. These areas typically have a high cncentratin f pedestrian activity, and achieve densities that supprt transit service. Cmmercial and residential buildings are typically fur t seven stries and may be as high as stries. Residential densities are typically units per acre. A wide range f husing types is expected including apartments, cndminiums, twnhuses, live-wrk units, and wrkfrce and senir husing. Plazas and green spaces, enhanced with public artwrk, seating, sun and shade, water features, utdr dining, perfrmance and active play areas, prvide public gathering places and prvide a sense f identity. Mixed-use activity centers ften act as cmmunity and reginal destinatins. Cmmercial Crridrs Cmmercial crridrs are lcatins alng majr radways where cmmercial businesses are cncentrated in a linear fashin fr sme distance. These businesses are usually aut-riented and have a cmmunity-wide r reginal draw. The thrughfares carry high vlumes f fast mving traffic and special care must be given t hw they are designed and cnstructed t make them welcming fr pedestrians and bicyclists. State Street, Main Street and Fairview Avenue are cmmercial crridrs that crss thrugh the 30th Street planning area. Neighbrhd Cmmercial Center Neighbrhd cmmercial centers are smaller-scale cmmercial ndes riented t neighbrhd needs, which include shps, restaurants, service businesses and pssibly a grcery stre, cmmunity center r library as an anchr. These ndes may als include multifamily husing and live-wrk units, and public spaces that prvide neighbrhd gathering places. They are accessible t neighbrhd residents by walking and bicycling as much as by driving. Cmmercial and residential buildings are typically tw t three stries. Residential densities are typically units per acre. Specialty Cmmercial Nde A specialty cmmercial nde is a cluster f businesses that derive their identity frm a unique lcatin r specific market niche and may exert a cmmunity-wide r reginal draw. In the 30th Street planning area, there is an pprtunity fr a specialty cmmercial nde at 30th Street and Pleasantn at sutheast crner f Esther Simplt Park. Cmpact Residential Neighbrhd These neighbrhds are primarily cmprised f single family huses served by a traditinal street grid. These neighbrhds may als include a range f husing types including twnhmes, apartments and cndminium buildings at a scale that is cmpatible with single family hmes. Husing types are well-integrated meaning a single blck may have mre than ne type f husing. Building heights are typically 1-4 stries. Residential densities range frm 8-45 units per acre. 48

50 Parking is typically prvided n residential streets, in garages ff alleys and in parking curts screened frm the street. Landscape strips with trees and detached sidewalks are typical. The tree canpy is dense and prvides ample shade t bth sidewalk and street. Specialty Residential Area These areas are especially attractive fr residential develpment due t particular lcatinal advantages r unique circumstances. Residential densities will vary depending n the lcatin and nature f the specialty area. In the 30th Street planning area, land with views f Esther Simplt Park and adjacent t the lakes in the Bise River crridr ffer such advantages. Densities in this lcatin are expected t be units per acre. Figure 21: Preferred Develpment Cncept Land Use Types Surce: City f Bise; LCG 49

51 25-Year Develpment Prgram The preferred develpment cncept fr the 30th Street planning area anticipates develpment f tw urban, mixed-use activity centers in the ITD site and Main-Fairview subdistricts; a neighbrhd cmmercial center at 27th and Stewart, with additinal multifamily residential alng 27th Street between Regan and Pleasantn; and a specialty cmmercial nde and residential area n 30th Street. Table 1 shws the develpment targets fr these fur areas. New investment in these lcatins will bring a mre lively urban flavr and distinct identity t the area, prvide pprtunities fr peple t live, wrk, shp and enjy living with less driving, and rejuvenate cmmercial prperties that have deterirated. TABLE 1 25-YEAR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR 30 TH STREET PLANNING AREA (1) Type f Develpment Prjected Range f Develpment (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Develpment Target (Sq. Ft.) Prjected Range f Values Per Sq. Ft. Average Value Per Sq. Ft. Private Investment (Develpment Target x Average Value) Main-Fairview Subdistrict Retail 150,000 t 175,000 $120-$150 $135 $23,625, ,000 Office 300,000 t 350,000 $180-$220 $200 $70,000, ,000 Residential 400 t 600 units Average size 1,000 sq. ft. Cndminiums 250 units 250,000 $275-$400 $350 $87,500,000 Apartments 300 units 300,000 $100-$150 $125 $37,500,000 Htel 250 rms 150,000 $125-$175 $150 $22,500,000 Parking (2) 2,125-2,600 $20,900 $51,790,200 spaces 2,478 (95%) per space (3) Subttal $292,915,200 ITD Subdistrict Retail 200,000 t 225,000 $120-$150 $135 $30,375, ,000 Office 250,000 t 300,000 $180-$220 $200 $60,000, ,000 Residential 800 t 1,200 units Average size 1,000 sq. ft. Cndminiums 600 units 600,000 $275-$400 $350 $210,000,000 Apartments 350 units 350,000 $100-$150 $125 $43,750,000 Htel N/A Parking (2) 1,975-2,450 $20,900 $48,634,300 spaces 2,327 (95%) per space (3) Subttal $392,759,300 50

52 Type Of Develpment 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center (Subdistrict) Develpment Target (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Parking Sq. Ft. Value Per Sq. Ft. Private Investment (Develpment Target x Average Value) Retail 24,000 24,000 $135 $3,240,000 Residential Twnhmes / 30 units (4) 30,000 $350 $10,500,000 Cndminiums Average size 1,000 sq. ft. (rati 1:1.5 t 1:2.0) Subttal $13,740, th Street Park View Subdistrict Cmmercial 8, spaces (4) 8,000 $135 $1,080,000 Idah River Residential Sprts New Restaurant Twnhmes Apartments Apprx. 5,000 sq. ft. 35 units Average size 2,000 sq. ft. 30 units Average size (rati 1:1.5 t 1:2.0) (rati 1:0.75 t 1:1.5) 70,000 $350 $24,500,000 30,000 $125 $3,750,000 1,000 sq. ft. Subttal $29,330,000 Ttal 728,744,500 (1) Surce: Leland Cnsulting Grup (2) Estimates f parking needs relate t retail, ffice, apartments and htels, which are uses where it is practical t supply parking in public parking r shared parking facilities. It des nt include parking needs fr wnership husing (cndminiums and twnhuses), which are typically supplied by private reserved parking. (3) Cst per parking space assumes that parking will be supplied in an abve-grund parking structure. In reality, parking may be supplied in abve-grund, belw-grund r surface parking lts depending n the verall ecnmics f a develpment prject and the feasibility f using structured versus surface parking. As nted abve, the cst per space in abve-grund parking structure, with natural ventilatin and withut a building n tp, averages $20,900. If the abve grund structure requires mechanical ventilatin and has a building n tp, the cst averages $25,000. Fr parking supplied in a belw-grund parking structure, the typical cst is $40,000 per space but may be mre if the parking structure is supprting a building. Surface parking csts apprximately $2,090 per space t cnstruct. Estimated csts fr parking spaces prvided by Carl Walker, Inc. based n natinal averages. (4) It is anticipated that the prpsed restaurant use will lcate adjacent t Idah River Sprts and will share parking. The number f parking spaces shwn is fr the tw businesses cmbined. Signs f reinvestment are already ccurring in the existing residential neighbrhds that frm the heart f the planning area. Fr example, in 2010, Eberlestck, LLC which prduces specialty hunting and military backpacks, invested ver $1,000, 000 in recnstructin f existing buildings n the nrtheast crner f 30 th St/Main St and pened fr business the same year. New in-fill develpment is expected t cntinue, bringing a wider variety f husing and cmmercial activity. Such develpment fits the preferred develpment cncept as lng as the frm and scale is cmpatible with the prevailing neighbrhd character. 51

53 Land Use Plicies & Actin Steps Land Use Plicies: Transfrm the 30th Street planning area int a vibrant, attractive, prsperus place with its wn unique identity by implementing the subdistrict plans fr the develpment pprtunity sites (see Chapter 5). Supprt develpment that is cnsistent with visin, desired utcmes, plan gals and bjectives, areawide plans and subdistrict plans in 30th Street Master Plan (see Chapter 1, 4 and 5). Direct higher intensity, mixed use, pedestrian- and transit-riented develpment t the Main- Fairview and ITD develpment pprtunity areas. Establish a neighbrhd cmmercial center at 27th Street and Stewart which wuld include cmmercial businesses, multifamily husing and a public space fr infrmal neighbrhd gatherings. Establish a specialty cmmercial-residential nde at 30th Street and Pleasantn which wuld take advantage f the lcatinal benefits f being adjacent t the Esther Simplt Park. Prmte the stability and prsperity f the existing neighbrhds nrth and suth f State Street. Encurage neighbrhd redevelpment which bradens the range f husing, emplyment and shpping ptins, maintains husing affrdability and prmtes wrkfrce husing as lng as redevelpment prjects respect and strengthen the inherent character f the existing neighbrhds. Encurage a variety f husing t meet peple s needs thrughut the human lifecycle including rental and wnership husing, live-wrk units, wrkfrce husing and senir husing. Encurage the creatin f an arts district as part f the Main-Fairview subdistrict which wuld include galleries, artists studis, prductin facilities, live-wrk units and pprtunities fr arts educatin and perfrmances. Emphasize cmpact, mixed use, transit-riented develpment patterns. Create lively and engaging public spaces that serve as cmmunity gathering places in the ITD, Main-Fairview and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts. Expand availability f emplyment, retail and service businesses in the 30th Street planning area. Use investments in public imprvements by the City f Bise and ther public agencies as catalysts fr private develpment cnsistent with the 30th Street Master Plan. Establish design guidelines t assure quality develpment and redevelpment prjects. 52

54 Actin Steps: Initiate an amendment t the Bise City Cmprehensive Plan s the land use designatins and plicies fr the 30th Street planning area in the cmprehensive plan reflect the develpment cncepts cntained in the 30th Street Master Plan. Incrprate the 30th Street Master Plan int the Bise City Cmprehensive Plan as the neighbrhd plan fr this area. Develp zning tls needed t implement the 30th Street Master Plan. Create a develpment prgram fr city-wned prperties in Main-Fairview subdistrict cnsistent with its subdistrict plan, and wrk with develpment partners t implement this prgram. Wrk with the ITD t create a develpment prgram fr the ITD subdistrict cnsistent with its subdistrict plan, and wrk with develpment partners t implement this prgram. Wrk with prperty wners, develpers, neighbrhd residents and ther stakehlders t create design guidelines fr each f the develpment pprtunity areas. 53

55 4.2: Radway Plan Existing Radway Netwrk The vast majrity f streets in the 30th Street planning area are arranged in a traditinal urban grid street pattern. Tw grid systems exist within the planning area, ne running east-west and ne running nrthwestsutheast parallel t and intersecting State Street. Where the tw grids meet, intersectin alignments are generally skewed creating traffic cnflicts, flw and safety issues. These intersectins ccur primarily alng Stewart Avenue and State Street. The grid is essentially cmplete except where it is interrupted by the Bise River, and in the area suth f Fairview Avenue, where the grid is interrupted by the I-84 Cnnectr. The east side f the planning area is adjacent t dwntwn Bise. Fur primary crridrs carry traffic between dwntwn and pints west: State Street, Main Street and Fairview Avenue, and the I-84 Cnnectr. Twentyseventh and 23rd streets carry traffic nrth and suth between these east-west rutes. The existing rad netwrk and current traffic cunts are shwn in Figure 22. Descriptins f the key radway segments are described belw. 23rd Street: Nrth f State Street, 23rd Street is classified as a lcal street with a 20 mile-per-hur (mph) speed limit. Suth f State Street, it is classified as a cllectr with a 30 mph speed limit. The radway has ne travel lane in each directin. 27th Street: Nrth f State Street, 27th Street is classified as a lcal street with a 20 mph speed limit and ne travel lane in each directin. Suth f State Street, it is classified as a minr arterial with a 30 mph speed limit and tw travel lanes in each directin. 28th Street: Nrth f State Street, 28th Street is classified as a cllectr with a 30 mph speed limit. Suth f State Street, it is classified as a lcal street with a 20 mph speed limit. The rad has ne travel lane in each directin and n-street parking. Irene Street is classified as a cllectr with a 20 mph speed limit. It has ne travel lane in each directin. A traffic chicane, lcated alng Irene between 23rd and 24th streets, imprves pedestrian access t Elm Grve Park. State Street is classified as a principal arterial with a 35 mph speed limit in the 30th Street planning area. It has tw travel lanes in each directin and a center turn lane. State Street is designated a reginally significant radway and transit crridr that becmes State Highway 44 west f the planning area. Stewart Street is classified as a lcal street with a 20 mph speed limit. It has ne travel lane in each directin. It will serve as the main vehicle entryway t the Esther Simplt Park and will be imprved with a rundabut at the 30th Street / Stewart Avenue intersectin. Main Street is classified as a principal arterial with a 35 mph speed limit. This is a ne-way radway with fur westbund travel lanes. Tw three-ft bicycle lanes are striped n either side f the travel lanes. These lanes are narrwer than standard and markings are wrn. 54

56 Figure 22: Radway Netwrk Traffic Cunts Surce: ACHD ACHD maintains a data base f traffic cunts n all streets in Ada Cunty, but the cunts fr particular streets vary as t the date n which the data was cllected. The cunts nted abve were prvided by ACHD in 2006 but d nt have a cmmn time frame. 55

57 Fairview Avenue is classified as a principal arterial with a 35 mph speed limit. This is a ne-way radway with fur eastbund travel lanes. Tw three-ft bicycle lanes are striped n either side f the travel lanes. These lanes are narrwer than standard and markings are wrn. I-184 Cnnectr starts at Bradway Avenue, includes the Frnt-Myrtle cuplet and ends at Chinden Bulevard. I-184 cnnects I-84 travelers t dwntwn Bise. The Frnt-Myrtle cuplet passes just suth f the heart f dwntwn Bise and cnnects t Bradway Avenue at the nrthern edge f Bise State University. Between Chinden Bulevard and its eastern terminus, I-184 is c-signed with U.S. Highway 20 and U.S. Highway 26. Lcal Neighbrhd Streets: All ther radways within the prject limits are classified as lcal streets with a 20 mph speed limit. The radways generally have n-street parking and ne lane f traffic in each directin thrughut the planning area. Currently, area radways and intersectins functin well. While there is sme peak hur cngestin, it clears fairly quickly unless there is an incident. 27th Street currently carries abut 12,500-16,000 vehicle trips a day thrugh the heart f 30th Street neighbrhds. When the 30th Street Extensin is built, traffic vlumes n 27th Street are expected t drp t 8,000 vehicle trips per day and ACHD plans t restripe the street t tw lanes with a center turn lane and bike lanes.. State Street currently carries mre than 30,000 vehicles per day thrugh the study area. While cngestin n this rad is nt excessive, cngestin becmes mre significant as State Street narrws clser t dwntwn Bise. The Main-Fairview cuplet carries abut 32,000 trips per day. Prjected traffic vlumes fr 2030 cause radway and intersectin perfrmance prblems n State and 27th Streets. Intersectins n 27th and t the east f 30th Street planning area experience sme significant delays. Main Street and Fairview Avenue are expected t functin well in Neighbrhd residents are cncerned abut nise, safety and traffic cngestin. Preferred Radway Design Cncepts fr 30th Street Planning Area This Radway Plan cntains the City f Bise s preferred radway cncept designs fr the majr radways that will serve the planning area as it redevelps: 30th Street Extensin, Main Street, Fairview Avenue and 27th Street, and fr key intersectins n these streets. Hw these fur rads are designed is critical t achieving the preferred develpment cncepts presented in this master plan. The cncept designs are based n the traffic study prepared by Parametrix, input frm stakehlders and the design principles used in the Transprtatin-Land Use Integratin Plan (TLIP) and Livable Streets Design Guide. They cntain key elements t make the streets mre sensitive t adjacent land uses and mre transit-, bicycleand pedestrian-friendly, and t calm traffic. In sme instances, cncept designs depart frm ACHD s current plicies. This plan als addresses a shrt sectin f Stewart Avenue frm 27th Street t 28th / Rss Street as it relates t the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center and a generalized design fr neighbrhd streets. In mst cases, if the radway elements desired by the city were implemented, the width f the radway imprvements exceeds the available right-f-way and/r requires mving the existing curb line. Such elements include adding bicycle lanes, n-street parking and street trees. On Main Street and Fairview Avenue, the city s preferred cncept designs reduce the number f travel lanes frm fur t three lanes. The cncept design fr 27th Street, the number f travel lanes are reduced frm fur t tw lanes. ACHD has indicated that acquiring mre right-f-way is nt a feasible ptin fr ACHD. ACHD has n plans t reduce the number f travel lanes n Main and Fairview r t mve the curb line. ACHD is planning t restripe 27th Street frm fur travel lanes t tw lanes and t add bicycle lanes n bth sides after the 30th Street Extensin is built. The City f Bise and ACHD wuld have t negtiate a cperative cst-sharing agreement t address acquiring additinal rights-f-way r easements and fr imprvements beynd the standard ACHD radway 56

58 crss sectin. Reducing the number f lanes n Main Street and Fairview Avenue wuld have t be apprved by ACHD. Figure 23 summarizes the preferred design parameters fr radways. Optins were evaluated prir t the City f Bise s selectin f the preferred design cncepts. Infrmatin n the analysis f ptins is cntained in Appendix B. The remainder f the Radway Plan discusses each f the rads the 30 th Street Extensin, Main Street, Fairview Avenue, 27 th Street and Stewart Avenue, and the generalized design fr neighbrhd streets. 57

59 27th Street Regan t Stewart Existing street is 48 in 60 right-f-way with 4 lanes f traffic Restripe street t 2 travel lanes, 2 parking lanes and 2 bicycle lanes after 30th Street Extensin is built and redevelpment ccurs Prvide wider sidewalks and street trees in tree wells with redevelpment Stewart Street 27th Street t 28th Street Existing street is 36 in 60 right-f-way with 2 travel lanes and 2 parking lanes. Prvide wider sidewalks and street trees in tree wells with redevelpment 27th Street Regan t Pleasantn Existing street is 48 in 60 right-f-way with 4 lanes f traffic Restripe street t 2 travel lanes, 2 parking lanes and 2 bicycle lanes after 30th Street Extensin is built and redevelpment ccurs Prvide sidewalks and landscape strips; btain 7.5-ft easement n bth sides f ROW t accmmdate these imprvements Set building line a minimum f 5.5 frm easement 30th Street Extensin Stewart t Pleasantn Ttal width varies frm t 106.0Landscaped medians Detached sidewalks and landscape strips where pssible Main Street Existing street is 54 wide in 100 right-fway with 4 travel lanes and turn lane(s) Reduce number and width f travel lanes Prpsed n-street parking and bicycle lanes Prpsed streetcar rute Widen sidewalks & integrate street trees, where pssible 30th Street Extensin between Main Street and Fairview Avenue Right-f-way varies frm 90 t 126 Reduce number and width f travel lanes Prpsed n-street parking Bicycle lanes Prpsed streetcar rute Widen sidewalks & integrate street trees, where pssible Fairview Avenue Existing street is 54 wide in 80 right-f-way with fur travel lanes and turn lane(s) Reduce number and width f travel lanes Prpsed n-street parking and bicycle lanes Prpsed streetcar rute Widen sidewalks & integrate street trees, where pssible Figure 23: Preferred Design Parameters fr Majr Radways Nte: Existing street dimensins are frm curb face t curb face. 58 Surce: City f Bise; CCDC

60 30th Street Extensin Backgrund As nted earlier, the Greenbelt Cmprehensive Plan prepared by the City f Bise in 1968 first prpsed the 30th Street Extensin. In 1995, as part f the Bench/Valley Transprtatin Study, ACHD identified the 30th Street Extensin as ne f seven rad imprvement crridrs needed t prvide better nrth-suth circulatin in Ada Cunty. This study incrprated technical analysis, public invlvement, and public agency participatin t determine effective imprvements t the transprtatin system linking the Bise River valley t the gegraphic bench suth f the Bise River. Seven cnceptual rad alignments were cnsidered alng with cst estimates, alternative transprtatin slutins and traffic demand management strategies. The Bench/Valley Study recmmended prceeding with the 30th Street Extensin nce develpment and redevelpment became prevalent in the 30th Street Extensin prject area. In respnse t develpment applicatins and inquiries, and with the aid f CH2M Hill, ACHD prepared an alignment study fr the 30th Street Extensin between Fairview Avenue and State Street in The gal was t determine a preferred alignment in sufficient detail t determine right-f-way needs and impacts t future develpments. The prpsed 30th Street Extensin described in this master plan is based n the previus effrts and accepts the alignment previusly identified. In 2004, ACHD initiated the 30th Street Extensin design, which includes a five lane crss-sectin and restriping f 27th Street t three lanes. In 2005 the City f Bise requested a delay in the design prcess t evaluate alternative cncepts fr the street crss-sectin and street amenities and t explre preferred land use scenaris fr redevelpment f the planning area. Design Cncepts fr 30th Street Extensin Fur radway design cncepts fr the 30th Street Extensin were analyzed as part f the 30th Street Master Plan including: - Optin 1: N build - Optin 2: 3-Lane 30th Street Extensin - Optin 3: 5-Lane 30th Street Extensin - Optin 4: 5-Lane 30th Street Extensin with 3-Lane Main Street and 3-Lane Fairview Avenue The design alternatives were analyzed based n the 2030 design year using the COMPASS 18 Trend demgraphics. The 30th Street Area Traffic Study evaluated the perfrmance f these ptins. Appendix B cntains the results. 18 COMPASS is the Cmmunity Planning Assciatin f Suthwest Idah, which is the metrplitan planning rganizatin r MPO fr Ada and Canyn cunties. The MPO is respnsible fr preparing a lng-range reginal land use and transprtatin plan and a five-year transprtatin imprvement plan (TIP) each year which specifies hw federal transprtatin funds will be used t implement the lng-range plan during the upcming five years. COMPASS has develped a traffic mdel which is used t estimate the travel demand n existing radways and the need fr new r expanded transprtatin facilities, and air quality impacts f the TIP. 59

61 Specific Design Alternatives fr 30th Street Extensin - Based n the traffic analysis several specific streetscape and street sectin ptins were cnsidered. The ptins were reviewed in relatinship t their ability t mve peple and freight efficiently, impact the develpment gals, help create a sense f place, enhance the envirnment and mitigate impacts t the adjacent neighbrhd, and establish a safe and efficient pedestrian envirnment. Each rad sectin and the design parameters need t accmmdate transit. Three radway designs were ultimately recmmended fr cnsideratin. - Optin 1a: Standard ACHD Sectin - Optin 2a: Traditinal Sectin with Limited Median - Optin 3a: Traditinal Sectin with Parkway 19 These ptins are detailed in Appendix B. The City f Bise s preferred street sectin is a mdificatin f Optin 3a (nw called the Revised Optin 3a). Key features include: - Rundabut at Stewart and a pssible future rundabut at Wdlawn. Entrances t the Esther Simplt Park are planned at these tw streets. - Landscaped center median r parkway, detached sidewalks and wide landscape strips with street trees between the curb and sidewalk between Davis and Pleasantn streets. The parkway extends thrugh the Pleasantn intersectin. Turns frm Pleasantn nt the 30th Street Extensin, and frm the 30th Street Extensin nt Pleasantn wuld be limited t right in-right ut. - Designatin f the Pleasantn 30th Street Extensin intersectin as a primary pedestrian-bicycle crssing pint frm the neighbrhd t the Esther Simplt Park and the Bise River Greenbelt. It wuld have a pedestrian-activated traffic signal. These features buffer adjacent neighbrhds, reduce cut-thrugh traffic, and shw great sensitivity t the needs f pedestrians and bicyclists. The landscaped center median and wide landscape strips alng the edges f the radway will allw planting f Class III trees, which when mature will make a significant statement and a beautiful cmplement t the Esther Simplt Park and Bise River crridr. Cnstructing medians and detached sidewalks alng the ITD pprtunity site and Esther Simplt/Bernardine Quinn Riverside park frntages is anticipated when the 30th Street Extensin is built. Alng ther sectins f the 30th Street Extensin, the desired street features are anticipated t be cnstructed when redevelpment ccurs. 30th Street Extensin Preferred Overall Design & Street Sectins Figure 24 shws the verall design cncept fr the 30th Street Extensin, which has fur segments. The preferred street sectin, i.e. the dimensins fr radway cmpnents such as travel lanes, medians and bicycle lanes, varies depending n the segment. Figures later in this sectin shw generalized crss sectins fr these segments. Table 2 gives the 19 Fr purpses f this master plan, a parkway is a landscaped area lcated in the center f a street ften imprved with a single r duble rw f trees t beautify the street and create a strng aesthetic statement. Streets having this type f treatment are ften called parkways r bulevards. 60

62 dimensins f the radway cmpnents fr each segment. ACHD is planning t acquire a 90 feet f right-f-way fr the entire length. The character f the rad shifts at Pleasantn frm a mre natural, landscaped parkway t an urban street. Here the sidewalk runs frm building face t curb and street trees are in tree grates. In the parkway sectin, if all cmpnents desired by the city are included, the radway will be 109 feet wide r 19 feet wider than the available right-f-way. In the urban sectin between Main and Fairview, the city s preferred sectin exceeds the available right-f-way by 9.5 feet. Implementatin f the preferred design fr the 30th Street Extensin depends n the City f Bise and ACHD negtiating a cst-sharing agreement fr additinal right-f-way r easements and cnstructin f street imprvements that g beynd ACHD s standard sectin. See Figure 25 fr State t Pleasantn crss sectin Esther Simplt Park See Figure 26 fr Pleasantn t Idah crss sectin See Figure 27 fr Idah t Fairview crss sectin Figure 24: 30th Street Extensin Overall Design Cncept Surce: City f Bise; ACHD 61

63 TABLE 2: CITY OF BOISE S PREFERRED STREET SECTIONS FOR 30TH STREET EXTENSION DESIGN COMPONENTS & DIMENSIONS (1)(2) Segment ROW Travel Lanes Median/ Turn Lane Parking Lanes Bicycle Lanes Landscape Strip/ Tree Wells Sidewalk/ Utility Space Ttal Width ROW / Easement Needed 30th Street Extensin State t Pleasantn 90 ft ft ft 1-11 ft ft Includes 1 ft gutter Pleasantn t Idah 90 ft 4-11 ft 1-11 ft ft Includes 1 ft gutter Main t Fairview 90 ft 2-11 ft ft transit ft cmbined travel/ turn lane ft Includes 1-ft gutter 2-10 ft LS Includes 0.5 ft curb ft LS Includes 0.5 ft curb ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 7 ft SW 2-2 ft Utility 2 5 ft SW 2-2 ft Utility 2 7 ft SW x feet 90 N/A x 5 10 feet Intersectins 30th Street / State (East & West Legs) 30 th Street / State (Suth Leg) 30th Street / Main (Nrth Leg) 30th Street / Main (Suth Leg) 30th Street / Fairview (Nrth Leg) 120 ft 4 12 ft 2 12 ft transit 90 ft 2 11 ft ft 1-12 ft ft Includes 1 ft gutter 1 11 ft ft Includes 1 ft gutter 90 ft 4 11 ft 1-11 ft ft Includes 1 ft gutter 90 ft 2-11 ft ft transit ft cmbined travel/ turn lane ft Includes 1 ft gutter 2 8 ft LS 2 10 ft LS Includes 0.5 ft. curb ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb ft ft 6x6 ft TW 0.5 curb 2-5 ft SW 2 7 ft SW 2 2 ft Utility 2 5 ft SW 2 7 ft SW 120 N/A x feet 90 N/A x 5 10 feet (1) As a cnventin, the bicycle lane dimensin generally includes the gutter dimensin except where parking is lcated between the bicycle lane and curb. Where parking is shwn adjacent t the curb, the parking dimensin includes the gutter dimensin. The median dimensin includes the curb and gutter dimensin. Where a landscape strip is shwn, the landscape strip dimensin includes the curb dimensin. Where ne is nt shwn, the sidewalk includes the curb dimensin. 62

64 30th Street Extensin Design Parameters - Alignment The 30th Street Extensin alignment is crdinated with the design cncept fr the 30th Street Park View subdistrict. This subdistrict includes residential develpment n the east side f the 30th Street Extensin between Pleasantn and Regan. Residences wuld take access frm rear alleys rather than the 30th Street Extensin. Prviding an adequate buffer between this radway and residences is imprtant t their success. Incrprating a landscaped center median, bicycle lanes, landscape strips and detached sidewalks int the radway design are essential t prviding this buffer. Final design plans hwever d nt include detached sidewalks n the east side f the Extensin. - Street Sectins Figures are adpted crss sectins designs fr selected segments f the 30th Street Extensin. Figure 25: 30th Street Extensin - Adpted Crss Sectin (2011) between State Street and Pleasantn (lking nrth at Wdlawn) Surce: City f Bise; ACHD; CCDC 63

65 Figure 26: 30th Street Extensin - Adpted Crss Sectin (2011) between Pleasantn and Idah (lking nrth) Surce: City f Bise; ACHD; CCDC Figure 27: 30th Street Extensin - Preferred Crss Sectin between Idah and Fairview (lking nrth) Surce: City f Bise; CCDC 64

66 - Access t 30th Street Extensin The 30th Street Extensin will be classified as a minr arterial radway. Fr ptimal radway perfrmance, it is necessary t limit the accesses/ intersectins alng the 30th Street Extensin. Traffic signals exist at Main Street; new signals are needed at State Street and Fairview Avenue. All east-west radways between Main and State streets are classified as lcal streets, Idah, Jeffersn, Madisn, Pleasantn, Wdlawn, Regan, Stewart, Jrdan and Davis will cnnect t the 30th Street Extensin. Alleys that cnnect t 30th Street nw will remain pen since they are needed fr fire access. As develpment ccurs between State Street and Stewart Avenue new cnnectins may be pened.. Park Access The Esther Simplt Park site is 55 acres. The adpted park master plan prvides fr, playgrunds, parking, pathways, natural pen space, picnic facilities, and river and pnd access. Entrances t the park are lcated at Stewart and Wdlawn avenues. As nted abve, a rundabut will be cnstructed at the intersectin at Stewart and the 30th Street Extensin. - Intersectins Figures 28 thrugh 32 depict the generalized cnfiguratin f selected intersectins alng the 30th Street Extensin frm State Street suth t Fairview Avenue. Table 2 gives dimensins fr the radway cmpnent such as lane widths in the intersectin diagrams. 65

67 Figure 28: 30 th Street Extensin State Street Intersectin Surce: City f Bise; ACHD; CCDC Figure 29: 30th Street Extensin ITD Access Rad Intersectin See Table Surce: City f Bise; ACHD 66

68 Figure 30: 30th Street Extensin Stewart Street Rundabut Entrance t Esther Simplt Park Surce: City f Bise; ACHD; CCDC 67

69 Figure 31: 30th Street Extensin Pleasantn Intersectin Surce: City f Bise; ACHD; CCDC 68

70 Figure 32: 30th Street Extensin / Main Street / 27th Street / Fairview Avenue Cnfiguratin Surce: City f Bise; CCDC 69

71 - Pedestrian Crssings The adpted design includes a pedestrian-activated signal at Pleasantn. Raised r textured pedestrian crssings are prpsed at all cnnecting streets. Materials fr crssings shuld be selected t represent the subdistrict based n the branding plan. Fr example, if water becmes the theme, a river rck r cbble stne lk may be the mst apprpriate material. All materials selected must meet Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) standards. - Streetscape & Medians Streetscape is a critical feature in creating a sense f place and the desired image fr cmmercial districts and neighbrhds. It als shapes hw mtrists, bicyclists and pedestrians experience radways. Streetscapes can cnvey a feeling f safety, calm, rder, beauty and enjyment. Lack f streetscape usually makes an area feel uninviting and deslate. The preferred streetscape treatment fr the 30th Street Extensin has a lush, pastral feel frm State Street t Pleasantn. A landscaped center median and detached sidewalks and landscape strips alng each side will allw larger, Class III trees 20 t thrive and prvide a dense verhead canpy. Infrmal plantings alng the Esther Simplt Park frntage will cmplement the natural character f the park and the Bise River crridr. Landscaping will include rcks and water-wise native plantings where apprpriate. Frm Pleasantn t Fairview, the streetscape has a mre urban feel with a nine ft sidewalk,, pedestrian scale lighting as well as radway lighting, and street furniture in active pedestrian areas In the Main-Fairview Subdistrict, streetscape materials and lighting design shuld be driven by the area s branding plan. Streetscape cncepts fr the 30th Street Extensin are shwn n the crss-sectins and intersectin diagrams (Figures 25-32). - Transit The 30th Street Extensin is designed t accmmdate transit in crdinatin with the Valley Reginal Transit State Street Transit and Traffic Operatinal Plan, reginal valleycnnect mbility plan, Transit Reginal Operatins and Capital Imprvement Plan, and Transit Develpment Plan. 20 Deciduus trees are divided int three grups r classes based n their width, height and spacing requirements at maturity. Class I trees are small, flwering trees which are usually planted fr their rnamental value rather than fr shade. They require ft spacing at maturity, and are small enugh t plant under pwer lines. Class II trees are medium-sized shade trees that require ft spacing at maturity. Class III trees are large-sized shade trees that require ft spacing at maturity. They are lng-lived and attain large height and trunk diameter. 70

72 - Main Street & Fairview Avenue While this master plan fcuses primarily n the 30th Street Extensin, Main Street and Fairview Avenue have a significant impact n the planning area s redevelpment and lng term prsperity. These rads have existing rights-f-way and imprvements under the jurisdictin f ACHD. This sectin presents the City f Bise s preferred design cncepts fr these streets, which have been based n the 30th Street Traffic Analysis, street typlgies prpsed in TLIP fr twn center arterials and the fllwing bjectives: - Carry frward preferred develpment cncepts fr the subdistricts; use street designs that are cmpatible with and will attract the types f develpment desired. - Create cmplete streets streets that wrk fr mtr vehicles, transit, bicyclists and pedestrians. - Accmmdate traffic prjectins. - Recgnize that streets are part f the public realm; use street designs that create a sense f place and safe, enjyable public spaces fr peple. - Include n-street parking t supprt street-level restaurants and retail and service businesses and t increase pedestrians sense f safety. - Avid street designs that result in the autmbiles intimidating rather than deferring t peple activity. Current Cnditins Main Street and Fairview Avenue frm a ne-way cuplet. Typically each street has fur 12.5 ft lanes and five t six ft attached r detached sidewalks. Sidewalks are missing in sme lcatins. There is a little if any streetscape and bicycle lanes are narrwer than standard and nt well-marked. The street design fcuses n carrying traffic. Traffic mves quickly because these streets have mre capacity than is needed fr current traffic vlumes and they serve as thrugh rutes between dwntwn and the clse-in neighbrhds, and the I-184 Cnnectr and pints west. This area used t have numerus car dealerships and industrial-type uses. Mst f them have clsed leaving vacant buildings and a sea f unused parking lts. The envirnment is intimidating and uninteresting fr any ne nt driving. The master plan calls fr the develpment f a vibrant, walkable, peple-riented, mixed use activity center in the Main-Fairview subdistrict, where buildings are at the sidewalk line and have active uses at the street level. When streets functin as a seam, they help t pull tgether the tw sides f land use activities that line thse streets. When land use activities are in cnversatin acrss a street, they create peple-riented places. Hwever, when streets reach a certain width, vlume f traffic, and/r speed f traffic, they becme a barrier r an edge that serves t push the tw sides apart. The feel f the area becmes aut- rather than pedestrian-riented, and it is difficult t get strefrnt- style retail and service businesses, restaurants with utdr dining, and urban husing t lcate alng these streets and be successful. One f the key gals f this master plan is t mdify hw Main and Fairview are designed s they cntribute t achieving the desired character and develpment patterns in the subdistricts and help these areas thrive. 71

73 Certain design elements are very helpful in achieving this result. Intrducing bicycle lanes, n-street parking and street trees tend t slw traffic, and make streets safer and mre enjyable fr bicyclists and pedestrians. On-street parking is als vital t the success f retail businesses. Hwever, adding these elements t existing streets such as Main and Fairview is a challenge because the right-f-way and curb line have been set. Adding imprvements like bicycle lanes and n-street parking expands the street width, which culd require acquiring mre right-f-way, mving the curb line and/r rebuilding the street. These items tend t be very expensive. ACHD has indicated that acquiring mre right-f-way is nt a feasible ptin fr ACHD. At present, budgets fr highway agencies are tight and there is n funding fr mving the curb line r recnfiguring Main Street and Fairview Avenue. There are several ways t add design elements while minimizing the need t acquire additinal right-f-way including reducing the number f travel lanes t free right-f-way fr ther design elements, redistributing the existing right-f-way differently between design elements, r acquiring an easement fr elements that fall utside the existing right-f-way. The City f Bise culd establish a building setback alng these streets as part f the zning fr the 30th Street planning area which wuld allw space t achieve a mre cmplete street design. These imprvements are very imprtant t achieving a pedestrian-riented envirnment and wuld benefit the adjacent develpment. The City f Bise s preferred radway designs fr the Main-Fairview Cuplet are discussed belw. Preferred Radway Design fr Main-Fairview Cuplet The current cnfiguratin fr the Main-Fairview Avenue cuplet reflects its histric purpse as a majr travel crridr prviding access t dwntwn Bise. Htels, aut dealerships and ther cmmercial uses develped alng these crridrs due t high visibility and heavy traffic vlumes. The purpse f this cuplet has changed significantly since the cnstructin f the I-184 Cnnectr. Traffic patterns have shifted and traffic vlumes have decreased. Based n the traffic analysis, the number f travel lanes n bth Main and Fairview culd be reduced frm fur t three, freeing right-f-way fr ther design elements. - Street Sectins The preferred street sectins fr Main Street and Fairview Avenue wuld make significant changes t these radways including reducing the number f travel lanes frm fur t three, adding bicycle lanes, n-street parking and streetscaping, and widening sidewalks. The chart in Table 3 shws what design cmpnents wuld be included in the City f Bise s preferred street design fr selected segments, and hw these sectins cmpare t the existing right-f-way. Main Street has a 100-ft right-f way. N additinal right-f-way is needed t incrprate all f the design elements that wuld make Main Street a cmplete street and mre cmpatible with the develpment cncept fr the Main-Fairview subdistrict. The distance between the existing curb lines, hwever, is typically 60 feet, which means implementing desired imprvements wuld require relcating curbs and existing sidewalks and mst likely rebuilding the street. Fairview Avenue presents an even greater challenge. Fairview has an 80-ft rightf-way and curb lines that are typically feet apart. The preferred street sectin 72

74 wuld exceed the width f the existing right-f-way, triggering the need t acquire either right-f-way r easements t implement imprvements. Figures 33 and 35 shw existing crss-sectins fr Main and Fairview. Figures 34 and 36 shw the City f Bise s preferred street design fr these radways. TABLE 3: CITY OF BOISE S PREFERRED STREET SECTIONS FOR MAIN STREET & FAIRVIEW AVENUE DESIGN COMPONENTS & DIMENSIONS (1)(2) Segment ROW Travel Lanes Median/ Turn Lane Parking Lanes Bicycle Lanes Landscape Strip/Tree Wells Sidewalk/ Utility Space Ttal Width ROW / Easement Needed Main Street Typical Cnfiguratin between intersectins A. Preferred 100 ft 3 11 ft r 2 11 ft ft (where transit is in street) ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 9 ft SW N/A B. With Outdr Dining n Nrth Side (3) 100 ft 3 11 ft r 2 11 ft ft (transit) ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 1 9 ft 1 17 ft (5 ft fr walkway; 12 ft fr dining area) 100 N/A Intersectins Main at 30th St (west leg) Main at 30th St (east leg) Main at 27th St (west leg) Main at 27th St (east leg) 100 ft 3 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter 100 ft 2 11 ft ft (transit) 100 ft 2 11 ft ft (transit) 100 ft 2 11 ft ft (transit) ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 9 ft SW 2 9 ft SW 2 9 ft SW 2 9 ft SW 86.5 N/A 84.5 N/A 87 N/A 84.5 N/A 73

75 Segment ROW Travel Lanes Median/ Turn Lane Parking Lanes Bicycle Lanes Landscape Strip/Tree Wells Sidewalk/ Utility Space Ttal Width ROW / Easement Needed Fairview Avenue Typical Cnfiguratin between Intersectins A. Preferred B. Cnstrained by ROW 80 ft 3 11 ft r 2 11 ft ft (where transit is in street) 80 ft 2 11 ft ft (transit) ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb ft 2 6.5ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 9 ft SW ft SW N/A ft 7 feet Intersectins Fairview at 30th St (west leg) Fairview at 30th St (east leg) Fairview at 27th St (west leg) Fairview at 27th St (east leg) 80 ft 3 11 ft ft ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 80 ft 2 11 ft ft (transit) 80 ft 2 11 ft ft (transit) 80 ft 2 11 ft ft (transit) ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb ft ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 9 ft SW 2 9 ft SW 2 9 ft SW 2 9 ft SW ft 4 feet ft 7 feet ft 4 feet ft 7feet ACHD will require a technical evaluatin f these preferred street sectins by a prfessinal engineer. These radway design cncepts are subject t ACHD s final apprval. (1) As a cnventin, the bicycle lane dimensin generally includes the gutter dimensin except where parking is lcated between the bicycle lane and curb. Where parking is shwn adjacent t the curb, the parking dimensin includes the gutter dimensin. The median dimensin includes the curb and gutter dimensin. Where a landscape strip is shwn, the landscape strip dimensin includes the curb dimensin. Where ne is nt shwn, the sidewalk includes the curb dimensin. (2) Main Street has sufficient right-f-way that sidewalks culd be widened t accmmdate utdr dining. Typically utdr dining ccurs n the nrth side f east-west streets. Sidewalk dimensins wuld be ne sidewalk at 9 feet (suth side); ne sidewalk at 17 feet (nrth side) t allw fr a 12-ft wide utdr dining area. 74

76 Figure 33: Main Street - Existing Cnditins (lking west) Surce: HDR Figure 34: Main Street Preferred Street Sectin (lking west) Figure 35: Surce: Fairview Surce: City Avenue f HDR Bise; - Existing CCDC Cnditins (lking east) Surce: HDR 75

77 Figure 35: Fairview Avenue Existing Cnditins (lking east) Surce: HDR Figure 36: Fairview Avenue Preferred Street Sectin (lking east) Surce: City f Bise; CCDC 76

78 Intersectins The generalized cnfiguratin fr the intersectins f 30th Street Extensin with Main and with Fairview appear earlier in this Radway Plan. (See Figure 32 in the discussin f the 30th Street Extensin). - Access Pints Main Street and Fairview Avenue are functinally classified as principal arterials with a 35 mph speed limit. Althugh driveway access is relatively uncntrlled nw, driveway access t Main Street and Fairview Avenue shuld be limited as redevelpment ccurs. It is imprtant t initiate effrts t cnslidate access t enhance perfrmance and appearance f the Main-Fairview cuplet, create a pedestrian friendly envirnment, and achieve the master plan s develpment bjectives. Limiting access will als allw bth n-street parking and buildings t be placed at edge f sidewalks. - Pedestrian Crssings Raised r textured pedestrian crssings are prpsed at all cnnecting streets. Materials fr crssings shuld be selected accrding t the subdistrict s branding plan. Fr example, if water becmes the theme a river rck r cbble stne lk may be an apprpriate material. All materials selected must meet ADA and ACHD standards. - Streetscape This master plan includes develpment f a vibrant, mixed use activity center in the Main-Fairview subdistrict. The appearance f the Main-Fairview cuplet has a significant influence n hw this subdistrict is perceived. At present, there is a nticeable lack f streetscape and the area feels uninviting and deslate. Sidewalks are typically five feet and are attached t the curb. N ther pedestrian amenities are in place. Installing streetscape is a key step tward transfrming the area s character and image, creating a sense f place and a setting that will attract quality develpment and peple activity. The streetscape cncept fr the Main-Fairview subdistrict includes widening sidewalks and adding street trees in tree wells, pedestrian scale lighting and street furniture. Streetscape materials and lighting design shuld be driven by a branding plan fr the area. Streetscape cncepts are shwn the crsssectins and intersectin diagrams fr these streets (Figures 32, 34 and 36). - Parking Main and Fairview are classified as arterial streets, and ACHD s general plicy nly allws parking n arterial streets in special circumstances. The develpment prgram fr the Main-Fairview subdistrict prpses street-level retail n sidewalks alng these street frntages. The likelihd f retail being successful withut nstreet parking is lw. On-street parking als helps t tame streets s they are mre pedestrian- and bicycle-friendly. The City f Bise s preferred streets sectins include parking lanes n bth sides f Main Street and Fairview Avenue fr these reasns. Adding parking lanes wuld require mving the curb line n bth streets and acquiring additinal right-f-way r an easement may be needed n Fairview. 77

79 ACHD wuld need t apprve adding parking t these streets. The City f Bise and ACHD wuld need t wrk tgether t address the issue f n-street parking, and t negtiate a cperative cst-sharing agreement regarding relcatin f curbs and cnstructin f parking lanes. - Bicycle Lanes Bike lanes shuld be marked n Main Street and Fairview Avenue and bike rutes shuld be signed where apprpriate in accrd with the ACHD Bicycle Plan. - Transit The master plan envisins that bth reginal and lcal bus service will be available n Main Street and Fairview Avenue, and the dwntwn streetcar will be extended t the planning area using a rute alng Main, 30th Street and Fairview. These streets shuld be cnfigured t accmmdate buses and the streetcar. The lcatin f the prpsed streetcar rute is shwn in Figure th Street & Stewart Avenue Cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin will shift a prtin f the traffic using 27th Street t the new radway. This change in traffic patterns ffers an pprtunity t redesign 27th Street s it becmes a lcal street serving the neighbrhd. Based n the 30th Street Traffic Study, ACHD will restripe 27th Street frm fur lanes t tw lanes, with a center median / turn lane, and t add bicycle lanes n each side. Transfrming 27th Street is necessary t successful implementatin f the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistrict plan. The preferred develpment cncept fr the subdistrict envisins a neighbrhd cmmercial center with shps, a grcery stre, ne f mre café-style restaurants, medium density husing and a public space similar t a village center. It wuld be lcated Stewart Street between 27th Street and 28th / Rss Street. Develpment f additinal medium density husing culd als ccur in the neighbrhd center alng 27th Street frm Regan t Pleasantn. Hw 27th Street and Stewart Avenue are designed is critical t whether this develpment cncept will be successful. This sectin presents the City f Bise s preferred design cncepts fr 27th Street and Stewart Avenue, which have been based n the 30th Street Traffic Analysis, street typlgies in the Livable Street Design Guide fr twn center lcal streets and residential neighbrhd arterials and the fllwing bjectives: - Carry frward preferred develpment cncepts fr the subdistricts; use street designs that are cmpatible with and will attract the types f develpment desired. - Create cmplete streets streets that wrk fr mtr vehicles, transit, bicyclists and pedestrians. - Accmmdate traffic prjectins. - Recgnize that streets are part f the public realm; use street designs that create a sense f place and safe, enjyable public spaces fr peple. - Include n-street parking t supprt street-level restaurants and retail and service businesses and t increase pedestrians sense f safety. 78

80 - Avid street designs that result in the autmbiles intimidating rather than deferring t peple activity. Current Cnditins 27th Street is the primary nrth-suth cnnectin between State Street and the Main-Fairview cuplet thrugh the center f the 30th Street planning area. It has fur 11-ft lanes, five ft attached sidewalks, and n streetscaping r bicycle lanes. There are n signals r stp signs except at either end where 27th Street intersects State, Main and Fairview. Mtrists use this street as a thrugh rute and traffic mves quickly. It des nt have an inviting pedestrian envirnment alng its edges, and acts as a barrier t mtrists, bicyclists and pedestrians seeking t crss frm ne side f the 30th Street neighbrhd t the ther side. Suth f Idah, 27th Street crsses thrugh Main-Fairview subdistrict, where it has fur travel lanes and a center turn lane. Stewart Avenue is a lcal street running east-west frm 25th Street t 31st Street (which will becme the 30th Street Extensin). It has tw travel lanes, tw parking lanes and attached sidewalks with sme very limited exceptins. The preferred design cncept fr the 30th Street Extensin shws a rundabut at its intersectin with Stewart. Stewart is expected t be the main vehicular entrance t the Esther Simplt Park. Preferred Radway Design fr 27th Street and Stewart Avenue - Street Sectins The chart in Table 4 shws what design cmpnents wuld be included in the preferred street design fr selected segments and hw this design cmpares t existing rights-f-way. Figure 37 shws a crss sectin view f 27th Street s existing cnfiguratin. Figures illustrate the City f Bise s preferred street crss sectin fr selected segments f 27th Street between Jrdan and Regan and Regan and Pleasantn. The preferred street design fr 27th Street between Idah and Fairview is shwn in Figure 32 earlier in this chapter. The City f Bise s preferred street sectin fr 27th Street frm Stewart t Pleasantn, and n Stewart frm 27th Street t 28th / Rss Street shws tw travel lanes, tw n-street parking, streetscaping and wider sidewalks. Stewart runs thrugh the neighbrhd cmmercial center, which is envisined t have cmmercial and medium density husing riented t the street. 27th Street is expected t have medium density husing n bth sides facing the street. On-street parking signals t mtrists they need t slw dwn. On-street parking is cnsidered critical t the success f retail. When cars are parking n the street, it attracts interest and encurages passersby t stp. It is als creates a setting where husing facing the street is mre likely t be successful. Bicycle lanes will be included n 27th Street, t maintain cntinuity f the bicycle lane frm State Street t Main Street. Medians / center turn lanes have nt been included n Stewart r 27th Street within the limits f the subdistrict. Fr 27th Street frm State t Stewart and frm Pleasantn t Main Street, the preferred street design includes tw travel lanes, a center median/turn lane, and tw bicycle lanes. Including n-street parking and streetscaping wuld require an easement r right-f-way frm existing hmes. Between Idah and Main, the preferred street design changes frm a neighbrhd t an urban character and includes street trees in tree wells. 79

81 Between Idah and Fairview, 27th Street has a 60-ft right-f-way and is imprved with fur travel lanes and a center turn lane. The existing lanes are narrwer than standard and ne building is within 2-3 feet f the right-f-way line. Any new imprvements that widen the rad will require mving the curb line and btaining easements. The preferred street design fr this segment has an urban character with fur travel lanes, a center turn lane, bicycle lanes, street trees in grates and sidewalks. It des nt include n-street parking because f the cnstrained right-f-way. Suth f Fairview, the typical right-f-way is 90 feet with 100 feet at the Fairview- 27th Street intersectin. Bth segments are imprved with fur travel lanes, a center turn lane and attached sidewalks. The additinal right-f-way makes it easier t fit the preferred street design. Hwever, the sidewalks wuld have t be relcated t place a rw f street trees between the sidewalk and the street and create a mre pedestrian-friendly envirnment. 80

82 TABLE 4: CITY OF BOISE S PREFERRED STREET SECTIONS FOR 27TH STREET & STEWART AVENUE DESIGN COMPONENTS & DIMENSIONS (1)(2) Segment ROW Travel Lanes Median/ Turn Lane Parking Lanes Bicycle Lanes Landscape Strip/Tree Wells Sidewalk/ Utility Space Ttal Width ROW / Easement Needed 27TH STREET Typical Cnfiguratin between Intersectins Stewart t Regan 60 ft 2 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW 0.5 curb 2 6 ft SW 75 ft ft 15 feet Regan t Pleasantn 60 ft 2 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft LS Includes 0.5 curb 2 5 ft SW 75 ft ft 15 feet State t Stewart; Pleasantn t Idah 60 ft 2 11 ft 1 11 ft ft ft SW 56 ft N/A Idah t Main 60 ft 2 11 ft 1 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 5 ft SW 69 ft ft 9 feet 27th St between Main and Fairview 60 ft ft 1 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 5 ft SW 89 ft ft 29 feet 27th St suth f Fairview ft ft 1 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 5 ft SW 89 ft N/A 81

83 Segment ROW Travel Lanes Median/ Turn Lane Parking Lanes Bicycle Lanes Landscape Strip/Tree Wells Sidewalk/ Utility Space Ttal Width ROW / Easement Needed Intersectins 27th Street at Stewart 27th Street 60 ft 2 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft ft 6x6 ft TW 0.5 curb 2 6 ft SW 75 ft ft 15 feet Stewart Avenue 60 ft 2 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 ft TW 0.5 curb 2 6 ft SW 75 ft 2 2 ft 4 feet A. Preferred 27th St at Main St (nrth leg) with tree wells ft 1 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft (6x6 ft TW) 2 5 ft SW 69 ft ft 9 feet B. Cnstrained 27th St at Main St (nrth leg) w/ tree wells ft 1 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft SW 60 ft N/A 27th at Main Street (suth leg) ft 1 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 5 ft SW 89 ft ft 29 feet 27th at Fairview (nrth leg) ft 1 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 ft TW; 0.5 curb 2 5 ft SW 89 ft ft 29 feet 27th Street at Fairview (suth leg) ft 1 11 ft center turn 1 11 ft right turn ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 TW; 0.5 curb 2 5 ft SW 100 N/A Stewart Avenue 27th Street t 28th / Rss Street 60 ft 2 11 ft ft Includes 1-ft gutter ft 6x6 ft TW 0.5 curb 2 6 ft SW 75 ft 2 2 ft 4 ft (1) As a cnventin, the bicycle lane dimensin generally includes the gutter dimensin except where parking is lcated between the bicycle lane and curb. Where parking is shwn adjacent t the curb, the parking dimensin includes the gutter dimensin. The median dimensin includes the curb and gutter dimensin. Where a landscape strip is shwn, the landscape strip dimensin includes the curb dimensin. Where ne is nt shwn, the sidewalk includes the curb dimensin. 82

84 Figure 37: Existing Cnditins 27th Street State t Main Surce: HDR Figure 38: 27th Street Stewart t Regan Preferred Crss Sectin Surce: City f Bise; CCDC Figure 39: 27th Street Regan t Pleasantn Preferred Crss Sectin Surce: City f Bise: CCDC 83

85 - Plan Views Figure 40 shws a plan view f the City f Bise s preferred design fr the streets in the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center. (This center includes 27th Street between Jrdan and Pleasantn and Stewart Avenue between 27th Street & 28th Street / Rss Drive). The plan view als illustrates the preferred intersectin designs. ACHD s prpsed cnfiguratin fr 27th Street between Pleasantn and Idah is shwn in Figure 41. This cnfiguratin will be implemented after cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin, and will include restriping the street fr fur lanes t tw and adding bicycle lanes. Figure 40: 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center Stewart Avenue and 27th Street Surce: City f Bise; CCDC 84

86 Figure 41: 27th Street Pleasantn t Idah Prpsed Crss Sectin This street sectin includes 5.5 ft bicycle lanes n bth sides f the street. Surce: ACHD 85

87 - Pedestrian Crssings Raised r textured pedestrian crssings are prpsed at all cnnecting streets. Materials fr crssings shuld be selected accrding t the subdistrict s branding plan. Fr example, if water becmes the theme a river rck r cbble stne lk may be an apprpriate material. All materials selected must meet ADA and ACHD standards. - Streetscape Installing streetscape is a key step tward establishing the desired character fr an area and attracting the type f develpment envisined by the master plan. Streetscapes n 27th Street identity the stretch frm State Street t Idah Street as having a neighbrhd character and frm Idah Street t Fairview Avenue as being urban. This master plan prpses streetscape imprvements alng 27th Street and Stewart Avenue in the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center. Between Pleasantn and Regan where 27th Street is adjacent t residential, the neighbrhd streetscape has detached sidewalks and a landscape strip with street trees between the sidewalk and the curb. On 27th Street between Regan and Jrdn, and n Stewart Avenue between 27th and 28th/ Rss Street, a variatin in the neighbrhd streetscape is used t mark the neighbrhd cmmercial area. The streetscape includes widening sidewalks and adding street trees in tree wells, pedestrian scale lighting and street furniture. The streetscape cncept fr 27th Street and Stewart Avenue in the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center is shwn in Figure 39. Frm Idah t Fairview Avenue, 27th Street is running thrugh the Main-Fairview subdistrict, which is expected t be a much mre urban, mixed use activity center. The streetscape includes a frmal rw f street trees in tree wells, wider sidewalks running frm the building face t the curb, street furniture and ther pedestrian amenities. Public space, artwrk and water features culd als be included. Streetscape cncepts fr 27th Street in this area are shwn in Figure 32. Streetscape materials and lighting design shuld be driven by a branding plan fr the area. - Parking Nrth f Main Street The City f Bise s preferred street sectin shws bicycle lanes and n-street parking allwed frm Stewart t Pleasantn. This stretch cincides with the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistrict. The develpment prgram fr this subdistrict prpses retail, café-style restaurants and ther neighbrhd-riented businesses as well as medium density husing in the cmmercial district and alng 27th Street frm Regan t Pleasantn. As nted earlier, the likelihd f retail being successful withut n-street parking is lw. ACHD wuld need t apprve adding parking t 27th Street. The City f Bise and ACHD wuld need t wrk tgether t address the issue f n-street parking, and t negtiate a cperative cst-sharing agreement regarding relcatin f curbs and cnstructin f parking lanes. 86

88 On-street parking wuld nt be included n 27th Street between State Street and Stewart Avenue and between Pleasantn and Main Street. Suth f Main Street In general, insufficient right f way is available t add parking lanes between Main and Fairview. - Bicycle Lanes The preferred street sectins shw bicycle lanes alng the entire length f 27th Street. This street is ne f the primary nrth-suth rutes thrugh the neighbrhds and the Main-Fairview activity center. Bicycle rutes shuld be signed where apprpriate in accrd with the ACHD Bicycle Plan r subsequent adpted plans. - Transit The Transit Plan included in this master plan recmmends that bus service be established n 27th Street and that the neighbrhd cmmercial district serve as a transit stp (see Sectin 4.4 in this chapter). If bus service is established, bus stps shuld be planned and installed n 27th Street in accrdance with VRT adpted plans and plicies. Lcal Neighbrhd Streets Existing Cnditins Streets in the 30th Street planning area ther than I-84, Irene, State, Main, Fairview, and the planned 30th Street Extensin are lcal streets serving single family huses, multifamily develpments and neighbrhd schls and parks. ACHD s Livable Street Design Guide refers t this type f street as a residential lcal street. Typically, between 23rd and 27th streets frm Irene t Idah, lcal streets have tw travel lanes, tw parking lanes, detached sidewalks and a landscape strip between the sidewalk and the curb. This crss-sectin is custmary in Bise neighbrhds built prir t Wrld War II. The landscape strip allws fr a rw f street trees t be planted where they prvide shade t bth the sidewalk and the street, and give a sense f safety t pedestrians. Over time, the trees create a dense canpy that becmes a distinctive neighbrhd asset. This crss sectin is cnsistent with the street design illustrated in Livable Street Design Guide fr a residential lcal street. West f 27th Street and suth f State Street, the typical street crss-sectin is the same except the sidewalks are attached and there is n landscape strip r unifrm rw f street trees. There are als mre gaps in the sidewalk system. In the neighbrhd nrth f State Street, there is an area between Irene, 25th, Hazel and 33rd streets with n sidewalks except alng 28th and 32nd streets where typically there are attached sidewalks. There is sufficient right-f-way fr sidewalks t be built. Figure 42 shws pictures f the types f streetscape fund in the 30th Street planning area. Residents have expressed cncerns abut several issues related t radways and traffic. These include: 87

89 - Radways that are heavily used by traffic travelling thrugh the neighbrhd. The prime example is 27th Street, which is fur lanes wide and cnnects State Street t the Main-Fairview cuplet. It has traffic cntrls that stp east-west traffic in favr f nrth-suth traffic fr a distance f 11 blcks. It is difficult fr neighbrhd traffic t get frm ne side f the neighbrhd t the ther, which wrks against neighbrhd chesin. Residents are cncerned that this prblems culd get wrse when the Esther Simplt Park is built, creating a desire line fr peple living east f the neighbrhd t use Stewart and Pleasantn t Wdlawn t reach the park. These streets may als turn int barriers that inhibit neighbrhd traffic. Traffic calming is needed n bth 27th Street and Stewart Avenue if the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center is t truly functin as a neighbrhd gathering place where peple cme by bicycling and walking. - Areas that are islated and difficult t reach because the grid is incmplete. The prime example f this situatin is between Stewart Avenue, 27th Street, Pleasantn Avenue and the 31st Street. - Prblem intersectins where the grid parallel t State Street between Stewart and Ellis meets the grid that runs nrth-suth and east west suth f Stewart and nrth f Ellis. The five-way intersectin where 28th, Mre, Stewart and Rss intersect is particularly trublesme. Preferred Design Cncept fr Neighbrhd Streets The City f Bise s preferred street sectin fr lcal streets is t have detached sidewalks and landscape strips with street trees (see Figure 43). This crss-sectin has been implemented where new infill husing units have been built in the 30th Street area. Retrfitting all f the streets t include detached sidewalks wuld mst likely require wrking with prperty wners t remve existing sidewalks and cnstruct new sidewalks in space that is nw being used as part f their frnt yard. In sme cases, there is sufficient right-f-way t fit detached sidewalks and landscape strips; in ther cases, as easement frm the prperty wner wuld have t be acquired. Pursuing this idea culd be very expensive and time cnsuming. Residents might questin t wisdm f replacing sidewalks just t relcate them. Instead, this master plan recmmends that the primary pedestrian and bicycling streets be identified in the planning area as highest pririty fr implementing streetscape imprvements. Tw ptins culd be cnsidered: 1) implementing the preferred street sectin recgnizing the challenges and csts that g with this ptin; r 2) initiating a systematic street tree planting prgram alng the inside edge f the existing attached sidewalks using trees that wuld grw large enugh t shade the sidewalk (see Figure 44). The gal is t create a netwrk f memrable streets thrugh the neighbrhd that are beautiful, inviting and safe and encurage peple t walk and ride bicycles. Candidates fr this system f streetscapes wuld include Irene, Hern, 23rd, 28th and 32nd streets nrth f State Street and 23rd, 27th, Jrdan, Stewart, Pleasantn and Bannck suth f State Street. 88

90 FIGURE 42 Pictures f Streetscape Types n Residential Lcal Streets 30 th Street Planning Area Surce: CCDC 89

91 FIGURE 43 Preferred Crss Sectin fr Residential Lcal Streets with detached sidewalks Surce: CCDC FIGURE 44 Alternate Crss Sectin fr Residential Lcal Streets with attached sidewalks Surce: CCDC 90

92 Radway Plicies & Actin Steps Radway Plicies Create a netwrk f cmplete streets that are safe, attractive and inviting fr driving, bicycling, walking and transit. Design this netwrk s it prvides accessibility between different areas f the neighbrhd, and frm residential areas t schls and parks, wrk places, transit stps, shpping and leisure activities. Give strng cnsideratin t hw streets culd make a psitive cntributin t the public realm when making decisins cncerning radway design and peratinal issues. Apply the principles f cntext-sensitive street design in building new radways and in retrfitting existing radways. Discurage thrugh traffic frm using lcal neighbrhd streets by imprving the arterial and cllectr radway system s adequate thrugh rutes are available t mtrists. Use streetscape t create a street character that is cmpatible with desired land uses and supprts implementatin f the preferred develpment cncepts fr the 30th Street planning area. In neighbrhds, allw full access t prperties abutting lcal neighbrhd streets, except where adequate alley access exists, access shuld be prvided frm the alley whenever feasible. Encurage develpers prpsing new develpments t build alleys r parking curts as a means f prviding access frm the rear f the prperty. In cmmercial districts, reduce the number f access pint sn arterial streets by utilizing alleys, cmbined driveways and crss access easements. Actin Steps Wrk with ACHD t: - Prepare a capital investment plan and funding strategy fr implementing the preferred radway crss sectins fr the 30th Street Extensin, Main, Fairview, 27th Street and Stewart Avenue as described in the Radway Plan. This plan shuld include hw t phase these imprvements s they are crdinated with develpment activity. - Cnstruct the 30th Street Extensin as a beautiful and memrable bulevard-style street with a landscaped center median and wide landscape strips n the west side where right-f-way permits. Implement a streetscape plan that celebrates and cmpliments the Esther Simplt Park and Bise River crridr. - Make certain the 30th Street Extensin is designed in such a way that the neighbrhds stay cnnected with the Bise River crridr and greenbelt trail system. - Advance cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin as sn as is feasible t imprve the arterial radway system, prvide a better cnnectin between State Street and the Main- Fairview cuplet, reduce traffic n 27th Street and make it pssible t reclaim 27th Street as a lcal neighbrhd street. (The 30 th Street Extensin will be cnstructed in FY 2013.) 91

93 - Prceed t restripe 27th Street int a tw-lane rad and t implement the preferred crss sectin fr this radway as sn as pssible after the cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin. - Establish 4-way traffic cntrls at 27th Street where it intersects with Stewart, Pleasantn and Bannck t make east-west travel acrss the neighbrhd easier, create safe rutes t Whittier Schl and t increase neighbrhd chesin. - Implement traffic calming in the vicinity f the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center t make this center accessible by walking and bicycling (as well as by driving) and t create a place where peple activity has pririty ver vehicular traffic. - Implement imprvements t the five-way intersectin at 28th, Mre, Stewart and Rss prir t, r as part f develpment f, the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center. - Evaluate if there are practical steps that culd be taken t cmplete the grid street system between Stewart Avenue, 27th Street, Pleasantn Avenue and the 30th Street extensin t reduce the cnfusin caused by missing street links and reduce the islatin f this area. Revise the Bise City Zning Ordinance t establish building setback lines n the 30th Street Extensin, Main, Fairview, 27th Street and Stewart Avenue t allw sufficient rm between buildings and curb lines t implement the streetscape called fr in the Radway Plan s preferred crss sectins. Obtain easements dedicating the streetscape imprvements t the public. As new develpment and redevelpment ccurs in the develpment pprtunity areas, require develpers t implement the bicycle and parking lanes and streetscape shwn in the preferred radway crss sectins fr Main, Fairview, 27th Street and Stewart Avenue as described in the Radway Plan. Implement the preferred radway crss sectins including streetscape n prperty wned by City f Bise either prir t r as a cnditin n any future develpment f the prperty. As infill develpment ccurs in the neighbrhds, require develpers t implement the preferred lcal street crss-sectin as part f their develpment prjects. Wrk with the neighbrhd assciatins t prepare a plan identifying the primary pedestrian-bicycle netwrk thrugh the neighbrhds and detailing the type f streetscape t be implemented fr each segment f the netwrk. Assess the feasibility and cst f relcating sidewalks r mving curb lines t allw cnstructin f detached sidewalks and landscape strips alng the netwrk. Develp a capital investment plan fr implementing this streetscape plan. Fund a street tree planting prgram fcused n planting trees alng the primary pedestrianbicycle netwrk in the neighbrhds. If ITD elects t pursue develpment f the agency s headquarters site, wrk with ITD t develp a master plan fr the street netwrk serving their prperty. Create cnnectins between the internal netwrk and the surrunding grid f streets s this subdistrict becmes an integral part f the larger neighbrhd. 92

94 4.3: Parking Plan The 30th Street planning area has a sizeable supply f vacant and underdevelped land. This master plan anticipates urban activity centers being created in the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts at a much higher intensity level than nw exists. It establishes develpment targets fr the 30th Street planning area ver the next 25 years: 382,000 square feet f cmmercial space, 550,000 square feet f ffice space, 1,295-1,825 new husing units and 250 htel rms. If early develpments are successful, the 30th Street planning area will likely attract mre develpment than is anticipated by these targets. Parking is usually cnsidered essential t the success f any develpment prject, based n the assumptin that residents, emplyees, custmers and visitrs will drive r be driven t meet mst if nt all f their transprtatin needs. This assumptin is based n past experience and the fact that the transprtatin system in mst cmmunities relies almst exclusively n autmbiles. Lcal zning rdinances typically specify that fr each use in a develpment prject, a certain amunt f parking is required and this parking shall be prvided n the prperty were the use is lcated. Exceptins may be made if uses have ffsetting hurs, r if public parking is in clse prximity. There are several different ways t deliver parking including n-street parking, surface parking lts and parking structures. Parking structures may be abve grund r belw grund. The amunt f parking built and the frm that it takes has a significant impact n a develpment prject s ecnmics, and urban frm, vitality and aesthetics. Since the 1950s, mst parking has been prvided in surface parking. The size f these surface lts has been increasing as dwntwn shpping districts have evlved int reginal shpping malls and big-bx life-style centers, and grcery stres have grwn frm 20,000 square feet t 75,000 feet. Surface parking tends t spread uses apart, hwever, encuraging driving rather than walking. They create uninteresting r intimidating envirnments fr pedestrians. The ecnmics f building and perating different types f parking facilities, which is discussed later in this sectin, explains why surface parking lts are s prevalent. This master plan envisins a much mre urban, pedestrian- and transit-friendly frm in the develpment pprtunity areas identified in the 30 th Street planning area. Hw parking is addressed will have a significant impact n whether this frm is achieved. This Parking Plan discusses existing parking cnditins and future parking demands fr the 30 th Street planning area. It examines different ways t deliver parking t meet these demands in terms f cst, use f land and effect n urban frm and character. It cncludes with plicies and actin steps fr addressing parking issues. Clse attentin and a cmprehensive strategy are needed t assure that parking is delivered in a way that supprts the visin and develpment gals f this master plan. Existing Parking Cnditins Currently, the 30th Street area has relatively lw densities and a limited range f uses. In the cmmercial crridrs alng State Street and the Main-Fairview cuplet, mst businesses have individual surface parking lts and mst custmers drive t and between businesses. The walking and bicycling envirnment is pr, and bus service is limited. Fr residents living in the neighbrhd, parking is prvided in surface lts fr multifamily residential prjects r in garages and driveways serving private residences. Mst peple drive t meet their daily needs because f the distances between their hmes, wrkplaces, shpping and ther services. It is fair t say that, at present, alternatives t driving are clse t nn-existent. The 30th Street area is an autriented area, and each use typically has parking available at custmary ratis. As far as is knwn, shared parking is nn-existent. There are n public parking lts r structures. The planning area has n bvius parking shrtages. 93

95 Estimating Future Parking Demand Table 5 estimates the amunt f parking needed t implement the subdistrict plans fr the fur develpment pprtunity areas. Retail, ffice, apartments and htels have been included because it is practical t supply parking fr these uses in public parking r shared parking facilities. Ownership residential units (cndminiums and twnhuses) have been excluded because these units are typically supplied by private reserved parking. These estimates are based n applying the parking ratis listed belw: Retail Office Rental Residential Units Htel 3.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet 3.0 spaces per 1,000 square feet 1.5 spaces per unit 1 space per rm Surce: Leland Cnsulting Grup Type Main-Fairview Subdistrict TABLE 5: ESTIMATED PARKING DEMAND BASED ON 25-YEAR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Amunt (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Estimated Demand fr Parking Spaces Retail 150,000 t 200, Office 300,000 t 400, Residential 400 t 600 units Cndminiums 250 units N/A Apartments 300 units 450 Htel 250 rms 250 Estimated Parking Demand 2,125-2,600 ITD Subdistrict Retail 200,000 t 250, Office 250,000 t 350, Residential 800 t 1,200 units Cndminiums 600 units N/A Apartments 350 units 525 Htel N/A Estimated Parking Demand 1,975-2,450 Ttal - Estimated Parking Demand fr Mixed Use Centers 4,100-5,050 94

96 Type 27th Street Neighbrhd Center (Subdistrict) Amunt (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Estimated Demand fr Parking Spaces Retail 24, (includes n-street parking) Husing 30 units (rati 1:1.5 t 1:2.0) Estimated Parking Demand (includes n-street parking) 30th Street Park View Subdistrict Retail (Restaurant) 8, Residential Twnhmes (rati 1:1.5 t 1:2.0) Apartments (rati 1:0.75 t 1:1.5) Estimated Parking Demand Ttal Estimated Parking Demand fr 27th Street & 30th Street Park View Subdistricts (includes n-street parking) The parking ratis fr retail and ffice are smewhat lwer than typical parking requirements in the western United States. There is a grwing bdy f research that shws develpment in mixed use, urban envirnments, especially urban centers served by transit, typically requires less parking than utlying, suburban areas. There are gd reasns t take steps t minimize the amunt f parking that must be built t supprt future develpment in the 30th Street area, and t maximize utilizatin f the parking that is prvided. These include: Land used t prvide residences, wrk places, gds and services, fd prductin, educatin, arts and leisure pursuits make a direct cntributin t cmmunity prsperity and vitality. Parking is an ancillary use it des nt prduce ecnmic r scial activity. Parking is a means t an end, and nt an end. Parking ties up valuable land fr vehicle strage when there may be a better, mre prductive use fr this land. Parking is expensive t prduce. Table 6 cmpares the cst f supplying parking t supprt the develpment prgram in the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts using surface parking lts and three different types f parking structures. If surface parking lts are used, the cst per parking space is apprximately $5,365 fr land and cnstructin. If parking structures are used, the cst per parking space ranges frm $24,195 t $49,390 fr land and cnstructin, depending n the type f structure. 21 Land and financial resurces used t prduce parking are nt available fr ther private and public needs. 21 These cst estimates d nt include maintenance, depreciatin, prperty taxes r pprtunity csts, i.e. the cst f freging ther pssibilities fr hw land and resurces culd be used if they are nt used fr parking. 95

97 Prviding parking adds t the cst f things peple need like husing and makes them mre expensive. Tying parking t specific uses usually results in an versupply and inefficient use f parking, which in effect wastes resurces. Surface parking lts tend t sap vitality frm their surrundings. When there are numerus large-scale surface parking lts in an area, they tend t discurage pedestrian traffic because they are much less interesting t walk past than buildings and make walking distances between buildings lnger. Peple feel less safe in such areas. The develpment prgram envisined by the 30 th Street Master Plan anticipates creating an urban frm, mix f uses and range f transprtatin ptins that will reduce the need fr peple t drive which will als reduce the need fr parking. When husing, wrk places, shpping and services are lcated clse tgether, peple can walk, bicycle r use transit rather than driving. Even if peple cntinue t drive, when uses are clustered tgether, they can park nce and reach multiple destinatins either by walking r using transit. Mving in this directin will help stretch bth public and private resurces. Types f Parking Facilities On-Street Parking In an urban envirnment, buildings are typically placed at the prperty line at r clse t the sidewalk. The 30th Street master plan recmmends this building frm in the Main-Fairview, ITD and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts with activating uses n the first flr uses such as retail and service businesses, restaurants, sidewalk cafes, galleries, htel lbbies and residential which are interesting t passersby n the sidewalk. On-street parking is key t the success f custmer-riented cmmercial uses when this type f building frm is used. It cmmunicates that it is easy t access these business and allws fr spntaneus decisins by cnsumers driving by t stp. When cars are parked in frnt f a business frntage, it signals t passersby that these businesses are ppular and encurages them t slw dwn and investigate. On-street parking als helps t create a safer envirnment fr pedestrians when there are parked cars t buffer the sidewalk frm the street. This is especially true when the street is busy. Parking lanes tend t slw traffic dwn because drivers stp in the travel lane t maneuver int parking spaces, and there is always the pssibility that smene will pen the dr f a parked car int the travel lane. Slwer traffic speeds make streets mre peple-friendly. The City f Bise s preferred street sectins fr Main Street, Fairview Avenue, 27th Street and Stewart Avenue include parking lanes alng frntages where grund flr cmmercial uses at the sidewalk are desired. Parking lanes n Main and Fairview will als help t cnvert what is a very aut-riented envirnment nw int a pedestrian-riented envirnment by slwing traffic and making sidewalks feel safer. Where pssible, parking shuld be angled t increase the supply f parking available fr custmers. Surface parking lts Since the 1950s, supplying parking thrugh surface parking lts which are dedicated t specific uses has becme the standard practice in the United States. The American cnsumer is nw trained t lk fr bvius surface parking at every destinatin where they drive. This behavir is especially true when they are shpping fr gds and services, but als applies when they are attending sprts, arts and entertainment events, cnferences and educatinal classes, need gvernment r medical services r are engaged in many ther activities. Dedicated surface parking is nt the best slutin, hwever, if the gal is a mre urban frm with a mix f higher intensity uses and a walkable, pedestrian- and transit-riented envirnment. 96

98 Parking structures In general, the preferred methd f supplying parking in urban centers is t build parking structures, where land is scarce and expensive, and there is an emphasis n creating lively, walkable pepleriented rather than aut-riented places. As uses intensify in the 30th Street planning area, additinal parking will be needed. The easiest and cheapest way t supply parking is with surface parking lts. Hwever, acres f surface parking are nt cnsistent with the lng term visin fr the 30th Street planning area. Structured parking becmes mre cmpelling impelling when the ptential return frm develping land fr ther uses rises t a level that mtivates peple t minimize the amunt f land devted t parking and maximize the amunt f land available fr develpment. It is unknwn when the 30th Street area will mature t this pint. Cmparisn f Surface and Structured Parking The ecnmics f building and perating different types f parking facilities explains why surface parking lts are s prevalent. Table 6 prvides a cmparisn f land and cnstructin csts fr different types f parking facilities: surface parking lts, abve grund parking structures with natural ventilatin and with mechanical ventilatin and a building n tp, and belw grund parking structures. Surface parking use fur times mre land than abve grund parking structures d, s land csts are higher. In urban centers, the difference in land cst can be significant because land is typically mre expensive. Building parking structures cnserves land and reduces land cst. A typical parking structure uses half f a city blck r 0.9 acres and supplies 500 parking spaces. A surface parking lt with 500 spaces uses 2 city blcks r 3.67 acres. Hwever, the cst t cnstruct a parking structure is times mre expensive than a surface parking lt. Table 6 cmpares land requirements and estimated land and cnstructin csts fr fur types f parking facilities: surface parking lts, tw types f abve grund parking structures and belw grund parking structures. Operatins and maintenance csts wuld add t these amunts. Calculating what these cst differentials means t supplying the anticipated parking demand in the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts prvides a dramatic example f hw challenging it is t mve frm using surface parking lts t parking structures. The expected parking demand is fr 4,100-5,050 spaces. If all f the spaces were supplied by surface parking lt, the cmbined cnstructin and land cst is estimated t be $22-$27 millin dllars. If abve grund parking structures are used, the estimated cst is $99-$130 millin; if belw grund parking structures are used, the estimated cst is $203-$219 millin. Under mst circumstances, the expected incme frm a private parking garage will nt cver the cst f financing, perating and maintaining the garage. Parking rates are nt high enugh except in majr metrplitan cities t cver all f these csts. 22 It is nt surprising that develpers typically chse t build surface parking. It may mean paying higher land csts, but it als means paying much, much lwer cnstructin csts. Surface parking lts are easier t size t the exact needs f a develpment prject, are easy t expand in increments, and are simple t perate and maintain. 22 The cst picture fr public parking garages is better because public agencies have access t tax exempt financing at lwer interest rates than cnventinal financing, and they d nt have t pay prperty taxes. Even s, the Dwntwn Public Parking System in Bise relies n incme generated frm parking custmers t pay peratins and maintenance and n tax increment (r prperty tax) available t the urban renewal agency t pay the debt n the system. Parking revenue is nt sufficient t cver the debt. 97

99 TABLE 6: PARKING COSTS AND ACREAGE REQUIREMENTS BY TYPE OF PARKING MAIN-FAIRVIEW & ITD SUBDISTRICTS Data Main-Fairview ITD Site Ttal # f Spaces 2,125-2,600 1,975-2,450 4,100-5,050 Cnstructin Cst fr Parking Spaces by Type 1. Surface Spaces ($2,090 per space) $4.4 $5.4 millin $4.1 $5.1 millin $8.5 $10.6 millin 2. Parking Structures 2A. Abve Grund / Natural Ventilatin ($20,900 per space) 2B. Abve Grund / Mechanical Vent / Bldg. n Tp ($25,000+ per space) 2C. Belw Grund / Mechanical Vent / Bldg. n Tp ($40,000+ per space) $44.4 $54.3 millin $ $51.2 millin $85.7 $105.5 millin $ $65.0 millin $49.4 $61.2 millin $102.5 $126.2 millin $85.0 $104.0 millin $ $98.0 millin $189.0 $202.0 millin Acreage Required by Type 1. Surface Spaces (320 sq. ft. per space) acres city blcks (1) acres city blcks acres Land $450,000 per acre (2) $7.0 - $8.6 millin $6.5 $8.1 millin $13.5 $16.7 millin Parking Structures 2A. Abve Grund / Natural Ventilatin.9 acre per structure (3) 500 spaces/structure (4) acres city blcks.9 acre per structure 500 spaces/structure acres city blcks.9 acre per structure 500 spaces/structure acres city blcks Land $450,000 per acre $1.7 $2.1 millin $1.6 $2.0 millin $3.3 $4.1 millin 2B. Abve Grund/Mechanical Same as 2A. Same as 2A. Same as 2A. Ventilatin Land $450,000 per acre 2C. Parking Structure / Belw Grund Same as 1. Same as 1. Same as 1. (5) Land $450,000 per acre Cnstructin & Land Cst by Type 1. Surface Spaces $ $14.0 millin $10.6 $13.2 millin $ $27.3 millin 2. Structured Spaces 2A. Abve Grund/Natural Ventilatin $ $56.4 millin $ $53.2 millin $99.2 $109.6 millin 2B. Abve Grund/ Mechanical $ $67.1 millin $ $63.2 millin $ $130.3 millin Ventilatin 2C. Belw Grund/ Mechanical Ventilatin $ $112.6 millin $ $106.1 millin $ $218.7 millin 98

100 (1) A city blck in dwntwn Bise is 300 x 260 feet and cntains 1.79 acres. This blck size has been used t illustrate the amunt f land needed t supply parking by surface parking lts versus parking structures. (2) Land cst is based n a quick survey f assessed values fr land in the vicinity f Main, Fairview and 30 th Street. (3) A typical garage in the Dwntwn Bise Public Parking System ccupies ne-half f a city blck r.9 acres. (4) Abve grund parking garages in the Dwntwn Bise Public Parking System range in size frm 362 t 584 spaces. Five hundred spaces has been selected as a typical size t illustrate hw much land is needed t supply parking by parking garages versus surface parking lts. Abve five hundred spaces r 7-8 flrs, challenges arise with lading r unlading garages at peak hurs and with custmer satisfactin since peple dislike lng trips n ramping t get t and frm parking. (5) Typically it is nly feasible t build ne level f belw grund parking in the vicinity f the Bise River since the water table is at feet belw the grund surface. Building tw r mre levels f belw grund parking requires 24-hur pumping f grund water which is expensive and flding wuld ccur if pumping is interrupted. Desired Parking Outcmes A key gal f this plan t assure that parking facilities in the 30th Street area supprt achievement f the visin and preferred develpment cncepts, and the develpment prgram fr the 30th Street area. They shuld cntribute t creating vibrant, peple-riented urban areas in the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts and the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center, exhibit quality design and prmte ecnmic develpment. The past prliferatin and ever-increasing size f surface parking lts needs t be reversed because this pattern cnsumes a significant amunt f land fr strage f vehicles, when the land culd be used fr mre prductive purpses, and wrks against urban vitality. Setting a new directin requires mving away frm surface parking lts and tward using parking structures and als reducing parking demand by implementing strategies t reduce driving. Parking is nly needed if peple drive. It will nt be pssible t achieve these utcmes vernight. Fr the freseeable future, parking is sme amunt will be needed fr develpments t be successful. Fr the reasns discussed earlier in this Parking Plan, it is difficult at the beginning f a lng-term redevelpment prgram t rely exclusively n parking structures t supply needed parking. Develping bth the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts will be pineering effrts. Initially there may be an abundance f inexpensive parking which will make it impssible fr parking garages t cmpete unless they are subsidized and ffer parking fr free. The custmer base may nt exist; the parking rates may be t lw t justify investing in parking garages. Develpers will nt undertake building parking structures when market ecnmics d nt wrk. The mst likely scenari ging frward is that there will be cmbinatin f n-street, surface parking and eventually structured parking fr the in the 30th Street area fr sme time. This Parking Plan prpses an evlutinary apprach t creating a parking system that will meet the needs f the 30th Street area as redevelpment prceeds. An evlutinary apprach recgnizes that parking in sme amunt will be needed fr the freseeable future t make develpments successful. The plan recgnizes that present ecnmics lead t a preference fr surface parking. Over time, hwever, assumptins regarding parking hw much is needed and hw it is delivered need t change and the fllwing actins need t ccur t create a mre ecnmical, mre effective and better balanced apprach t parking. Minimize the amunt f parking needed, and maximize its utilizatin. Create places with a well-integrated mix f land uses and multimdal transprtatin ptins. Increase utilizatin f existing parking facilities t reduce the need t build new facilities. Treat parking as a shared resurce. 99

101 Reduce parking demand. Create an effective cmbinatin f n-street, surface and structured parking. Develp an verall parking plan fr the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts. Develp parking ratis fr the 30 th Street planning area. Establish parking verlay districts. Encurage prperty wners t phase ut surface parking lts. Use parking garages as catalysts fr ecnmic develpment. Emphasize quality in the design f parking facilities. A discussin f ways t implement these bjectives is in included Chapter 6. Parking Plicies & Actin Steps Parking Plicies The fllwing plicies and actin steps which fllw mve frward the gals described abve. Establish a multimdal system f transprtatin in the 30th Street planning area that makes transit, bicycle and walking practical alternatives t driving. Pursue a balanced land-use mix in the ITD, Main-Fairview and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts s peple can cnduct their daily activities withut having t use cars fr transprtatin. Use structured rather than surface parking whenever they are physically and financially feasible t maximize use f land resurces, create a pedestrian-riented urban character and reduce the impact surface parking lts have n urban vitality. Emphasize the use f parking structures in areas having high-intensity develpment r cncentratins f peple activity, whenever feasible t free land fr mre prductive uses. Allw use f surface parking lts during the early stages f redevelpment, in utlying areas, and fr lwer intensity uses with guidelines fr their design and placement s their tendency t sap vitality frm their surrundings is reduced. Allw fr phasing plans fr individual develpments which use surface parking at the utset, which is then replaced by parking structures and/r buildings in later phases. Lcate n-street parking n street frntages in pedestrian riented areas where strefrnt businesses are expected t lcate. Use angled n-street parking whenever feasible t increase the amunt f parking available Establish design guidelines fr surface parking lts and parking structures in the 30th Street planning area. In preparing these guidelines, the fllwing bjectives shall be applied: 100

102 Actin Steps Parking Structures - Design parking structures s they include space fr active uses alng street frntages at grund level r are screened frm view at street level s a pedestrian-riented envirnment is preserved. - Design parking structures t include architectural detailing abve the street level whenever feasible s these structures cntribute t the built envirnment in a psitive way. - Encurage site layuts that place parking structures in the center f blcks r that allw rm fr liner buildings s parking structures are screened by buildings frm street view. - Ingress t and egress frm parking structures shuld be clearly marked, and shuld be lcated s traffic flws alng adjacent streets is nt significantly disrupted. Surface Parking Lts - Design surface parking lts s they are lcated ut f view frm the street when feasible. If surface parking is visible t the street, use walls r an alternative treatment arund the perimeter f the parking lt t screen at least the lwer half f parked cars frm street view. Use interir landscaping t sften the impact f surface lts n the urban fabric. - Set a maximum size fr lng-term surface parking lts in the mixed use, urban activity centers (ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts). - Ingress and egress t and frm surface lts shuld be designed t minimize interruptins t primary vehicular and pedestrian rutes. Create a plan fr public investment in the 30th Street area that crdinates wrk by Bise City, CCDC, ACHD, ITD and Valley Reginal Transit (VRT). Evaluate these agencies financial capacity t implement the infrastructure gals identified in this plan, and address revenues surces, pririties and phasing. Evaluate the feasibility f building public parking garages as part f this prcess. Secure the necessary funding t build and perate the dwntwn streetcar and extend streetcar service alng Main Street and Fairview Avenue t the 30th Street planning area t reduce the need t use mtr vehicles and t supply parking. Imprve reginal transit service frm the 30th Street planning area t cmmercial and emplyment activity centers t lessen parking demand. Develp parking ratis fr mixed use, pedestrian riented urban centers that recgnize the unique parking demand characteristics in these areas and incrprate these ratis int the Bise City Zning Ordinance. Evaluate if parking verlay districts shuld be applied in the 30th Street planning area. 101

103 Wrk with residents, develpers, prperty and business wners, and ther stakehlders t develp a specific parking strategy fr each f the develpment pprtunity areas. Lk at parking demand and supply hlistically. Include in this strategy hw t maximize the use f existing and any new parking resurces added and t lessen the demand and expense fr additinal parking facilities. Wrk with a cnsrtium f prperty wners, develpers and public agencies t develp strategies fr sharing parking resurces in the develpment pprtunity areas. Develp innvative ways t finance cnstructin f parking resurces thrugh private-private, publicprivate and public-public partnerships. Wrk with wners f existing private parking lts t make them available n ff hurs t stretch parking resurces. Develp strategies t encurage prperty wners and develpers t replace surface parking lts with parking structures, r t phase ut the use f surface parking lts when ther parking alternatives becme available. Recgnize the imprtance f n-street parking t the success f retail and services businesses, t slwing traffic speeds and t creating a safe, pedestrian-friendly envirnment alng busy streets. Wrk with ACHD t assure that n-street parking is allwed where the preferred street crss sectins include parking lanes (see Tables 3 and 4) and n all lcal neighbrhd streets. 102

104 4.4: Transit Plan The 30th Street Master Plan envisins a multimdal apprach t transprtatin, including use f autmbiles, transit, walking and bicycling. Of these, transit is a significant element because it has the fllwing ptential benefits: Reducing reliance n single ccupancy vehicles Reducing traffic cngestin, air pllutin and use f fssil fuels Reducing pressure t use public resurces t expand rad capacity Increasing transprtatin chices and accessibility Lwering transprtatin csts fr individuals Encuraging mre sustainable develpment patterns Strengthening reginal linkages T fully appreciate these benefits, an apprpriate range f transit types and services must be available and integrated int a cherent system. At present, the mst significant barrier t creating an effective transit system is lack f a lcal funding surce fr transit peratins (as ppsed t capital csts) and limited r nn-existent lcal serving transit in the 30th Street planning area. Current Transit Planning Effrts The City f Bise, Valley Reginal Transit, CCDC, COMPASS and ther agencies in the regin are undertaking transit initiatives that have the ptential t increase the transit types and levels f service available in the 30th Street planning area. Implementatin f a mre rbust transit netwrk depends n increasing the funding available fr cnstructin, equipment and peratins and maintenance. COMPASS is the Metrplitan Planning Organizatin r MPO fr Ada and Canyn cunties, and has prepared Cmmunities in Mtin, a lng-range transprtatin plan fr radways and transit in its regin. Having a lng-range transprtatin plan in place is a prerequisite fr receiving federal transprtatin funds. This plan recmmends an expansin f transit services but acknwledges the lack f funding t implement this part f the plan. Prgress is being made, hwever, n imprving transit service alng reginal travel crridrs and in dwntwn Bise. State Street is fficially designated as a transit crridr in Cmmunities in Mtin. ACHD, Ada Cunty, the City f Bise, COMPASS, ITD and VRT wrked tgether t prepare the 2004 State Street Crridr Strategic Plan Study. This Strategic Plan Study adpted a transit scenari fr State Street shwing a seven lane crss sectin with tw dedicated lanes fr bus rapid transit (BRT). The State Street Crridr Transit Oriented Develpment Plicy Guidelines were cmpleted in early 2008 and have been adpted by the cities f Bise, Eagle and Garden City. Implementing BRT n State Street is expected t have a direct impact n develpment in the ITD sub-district and may influence transit decisins n 30th Street. In 2011 VRT, ACHD and the City f Bise cmpleted the State Street Transit and Traffic Operatinal Plan which establishes tasks and prjects t achieve the transit 103

105 crridr visin. The Valley Reginal Transit Bard apprved its updated reginal mbility plan valleycnnect in August, COMPASS als initiated the Treasure Valley High Capacity Transit Study (TVHCTS) in 2006 which fcuses n three majr prjects: cnstructin f a dwntwn multimdal center and dwntwn streetcar, and a high speed cmmuter transit crridr using Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) r cmmuter rail.. Prpsed Transit Netwrk Figure 45 illustrates the existing and prpsed transit netwrk in the vicinity f the 30th Street planning area. This netwrk shws the cnnectins and types f transit services desired fr the 30 th Street planning area. It includes bus service at varius levels and a prpsed streetcar line frm dwntwn Bise t the Main-Fairview subdistrict. It wuld give peple wh live r wrk in the 30th Street area mre ptins fr hw they travel t wrk, schl, shpping and leisure activities, and wuld lessen the need t drive t meet these daily needs. Because f n-ging planning effrts and studies, the transit netwrk that is shwn is cnceptual. As implementatin f the valleycnnect, Treasure Valley in Transit Plan (2005), the State Street Crridr Strategic Plan and the Treasure Valley High Capacity Transit Study, and wrk n transit funding prgresses, the transit plan fr the 30th Street planning area will be refined. Existing and Prpsed Transit Services Bus Services Existing and prpsed bus rutes in the 30th Street planning area are shwn in Figure 45. Valley Reginal Transit classifies bus rutes by the frequency f service and the distance between stps. These classificatins include: Premium Service: Service is prvided every 15 t 30 minutes all day. Busses travel in a dedicated transit lane and transit stps are limited t imprve efficiency. Implementing premium rutes wuld intrduce a new, higher level f bus service than is currently available. The transit plan shws premium service prpsed fr n State Street, 30th Street Extensin, Fairview Avenue and the Cnnectr. Express Service: Service is prvided every 15 minutes during peak cmmute hurs. Transit stps are limited and distances between transit stps are lng in rder t imprve efficiency. The transit plan shws the existing express rutes Idah, Main, 8th and 9th streets, Capitl Bulevard and the Cnnectr. Express service wuld be added t State Street with the implementatin f the State Street transit crridr. Primary Service: Service is prvided every 15 t 30 minutes all day. Busses travel in traffic and make frequent stps. The transit plan shws primary service n State, Idah, Main, 8th and 9th streets, Fairview Avenue and the Cnnectr. Secndary Service: Service is prvided every 30 t 60 minutes all day. Busses travel in traffic and make frequent stps. The transit plan shws secndary service n Frt, State, Main, 8th, 9th, 13th, 15th, 27th and 28th streets, Fairview Avenue and Harrisn and Capitl bulevards. If implemented, prpsed bus rutes n the State Street, 30th Street Extensin, 27th Street, Main and Fairview will make a significant imprvement in the availability f transit services in the 30th Street planning area. In particular, the 27th Street rute wuld be lcated within a ¼ mile (a five minute 104

106 walk) f mst residents wh live between State Street and the Main-Fairview cuplet. This rute wuld lgically stp at Stewart Avenue, where the new neighbrhd cmmercial center is planned. Dwntwn Streetcar Building a dwntwn streetcar wuld re-establish a transit mde that perated very successfully in the Treasure Valley frm 1891 t Three different streetcar cmpanies prvided service, with lines cnnecting Bise s dwntwn and riginal neighbrhds t Meridian, Nampa, Caldwell, Middletn, Star and Eagle. Phase 1 f the new dwntwn streetcar system is under intensive study at this time with respect t ruting, design, engineering and funding methds. One f the significant recmmendatins in this master plan is t extend the streetcar alng Main and Fairview frm 16th Street t 30th Street, thus cnnecting the 30th Street planning area by transit t dwntwn. This prpsal has significant supprt amng neighbrhd residents and is seen as a way t imprve cnnectivity t dwntwn Bise, prvide fr a way t travel between residences and wrk places withut driving and encuraging revitalizatin f the 30th Street area. Appendix C prvides additinal infrmatin n transit types. Plicies & Actin Steps fr Transit Netwrk Plicies Create a rbust multimdal transprtatin system in the regin and establish transit service t the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts. Recgnize the mixed use activity centers as a significant pprtunity t create a cncentratin f higher intensity develpment that supprts and encurages use f transit. Wrk t create a strng land use-transprtatin cnnectin that will minimize the need t use autmbiles fr transprtatin. Plan transit stps s they reinfrce the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts as transit-riented develpment areas. Actin Steps Establish a streetcar in dwntwn Bise and extend service t the 30th Street planning area. Maintain and imprve bus service in the 30th Street planning area, including bus stps n premium and express rutes that use State, Main, Fairview and the 30th Street Extensin when these rutes are implemented. Implement plans fr Bus Rapid Transit n State Street. Wrk with Valley Reginal Transit t establish lcal bus service n the 27th Street including a bus stp at the 27th Street neighbrhd cmmercial center. 105

107 Figure 45: Preferred Transit Netwrk Surce: Valley Reginal Transit 106

108 4.5: Pedestrian & Bicycle Facilities Plan An enhanced pedestrian and bicycle netwrk is an essential part f prviding a mre cmplete range f mbility ptins in the 30th Street planning area. This netwrk wuld prvide alternatives t the use f autmbiles fr shrt trips and fr hme t wrk cmmuting. Making walking and bicycling safe and practical as a transprtatin mde culd reduce dependency n fssil fuels, reduce air pllutin, traffic cngestin and transprtatin csts and may imprve peple s health and well-being. This pedestrian and bicycle plan identifies ways t imprve the netwrk f walking and bicycling rutes thrugh the 30th Street planning area by clsing gaps and making repairs in the sidewalk system, adding bicycle lanes and rutes and installing traffic signals at key street intersectins. It als recmmends that streetscaping be installed t make streets mre cmfrtable, attractive and safe fr pedestrians and bicyclists, and t encurage use f these travel mdes fr daily needs. (Plicies and actin steps regarding streetscapes are in the Sectin 4.6: Parks, Civic Spaces and Trails Plan f this chapter). The prpsed netwrk ffers current and future residents access t parks, schls, and pen spaces, as well as civic and cmmunity gathering places. Pedestrian Netwrk Existing Cnditins As Figure 46 illustrates, missing sidewalks diminish the walkability f the neighbrhds nrth and suth f State Street. Neighbrhd residents identified the incmplete sidewalk netwrk as a weakness during the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opprtunities and Threats (SWOT) exercise that was part f the Charrette (see Appendix A). Prpsed Imprvements As new develpment and redevelpment ccurs the sidewalk netwrk shuld be cmpleted. Funding surces such as the City f Bise Neighbrhd Reinvestment Grants and the ACHD Cmmunity Prgrams shuld be explred fr assistance. 107

109 Figure 46: Existing Sidewalk System & Gaps Surce: HDR; ACHD; Keyser Marstn Bicycle Netwrk 108

110 Existing Cnditins Figure 47 shws existing bicycle rutes and lanes in the 30th Street planning area. Bicycle rutes are marked by signs; bicycle lanes are striped n the street. The gegraphic extent f this system is mdest at present and there are gaps in the rutes. A mre extensive system is needed t prvide cnnectins frm the 30th Street neighbrhds t existing parks, Whittier Schl, the planned Esther Simplt and River Recreatin parks, and t nearby shpping and emplyment centers. The neighbrhd identified creating rutes fr nrth/suth bicycle traffic as an pprtunity. There is a pedestrian-activated signal at the intersectin f 23rd and State streets which prvides a safe crssing fr bth pedestrians and bicyclists, and prmtes nrth-suth cnnectivity acrss State Street. Pedestrian- activated signals are needed at additinal intersectins n State Street west f 23rd Street t attain a mre effective verall bicycle netwrk. Preferred Bicycle Netwrk 23 Preferred additins t the existing bicycle netwrk are shwn in Figure 47 that create a mre cmplete system and accessibility t a much larger area. The preferred netwrk shws new lanes n the 30th Street Extensin and n 27th Street that prmte nrth-suth cnnectivity between the Main-Fairview Cuplet and the State Street crridr. These tw streets als prvide linkages between the tw neighbrhds in the 30th Street planning area n either side f State Street. New east-west bicycle rutes imprve cnnectivity using Sunset Avenue and Irene Street nrth f State Street, and Pleasantn Avenue suth f State Street. The rute n Pleasantn prvides an imprtant cnnectin t the Esther Simplt Park and Bise River crridr. The map des nt include all ACHD shrt and medium-term prpsed bicycle prjects; please refer t the ACHD map fr the planned future netwrk. 23 The preferred bicycle netwrk shwn in Figure 47 n pg. 110 is based n the Radways t Bikeways Plan apprved by ACHD May 27, 2009 and input frm neighbrs and thers invlved in develping the 30 th St. Master Plan. The cmplete ACHD Plan is lcated n: 109

111 Figure 47: Prpsed Bicycle Netwrk, the prpsed system indicated with dashed green lines, differs frm the ACHD Radways t Bikeways Plan adpted May 27, The ACHD plan des nt include a designated bike rute n Pleasantn. Participants in the th Design Charrette desired the Pleasantn rute. KL I need he with reference t Surce: 30 th Street Design Charrette Planning Prcess. Map updated by Bise City in 2012 t include existing bike rutes and lanes designated in the ACHD Plan. River Crssing The 36 th Street pedestrian/bicycle bridge frm Garden City acrss the Bise River t the Bise River Greenbelt was cmpleted in The bridge prvides a direct pedestrian-bicycle cnnectin frm nrtheast Bise and dwntwn Bise t the bench via Orchard Street as well as access t the River Recreatin and Esther Simplt parks frm the west side f the river. Pleasantn Avenue is expected t becme an increasingly imprtant bicycle rute, and the pedestrian-activated signal at Pleasantn and the 30th Street Extensin may experience significant use. 110

112 Plicies & Actin Steps fr Pedestrian & Bicycle Netwrk Plicies Create a cntinuus netwrk f pedestrian and bicycle rutes t encurage use f these travel mdes and reduce dependency n mtr vehicles fr daily transprtatin needs. (Streetscapes shuld be installed and maintained alng pedestrian and bicycle rutes t make them fr attractive, cmfrtable and safe fr users. See the Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan in Sectin 4.6 f this chapter fr plicies and actin steps regarding streetscapes.) Base the netwrk f bicycle rutes in the 30th Street planning area n the ACHD Bicycle Map, subsequent adpted plans, and the preferred rutes identified in this master plan. Establish and prtect bicycle cmmuting rutes thrugh the 30th Street planning area, with particular attentin t the 30th Street Extensin, 27th Street, Irene, Ellis, State, Bannck, Pleasantn, Main and Fairview. Avid changes in street design n these rutes that wuld cmprmise their use fr bicycle cmmuting. Actin Steps Develp and implement a lng term capital investment plan fr the pedestrian and bicycle netwrk, and include netwrk imprvements as budget pririties and resurces allw. Adpt street sectins fr, State, Main and 27th streets, and Fairview, Stewart and Pleasantn avenues that include bicycle lanes and space fr streetscape and sidewalks cnsistent with this master plan. When apprving new develpment in the area, implement these street sectins. Install and maintain streetscapes alng pedestrian and bicycle rutes t make them attractive, cmfrtable and safe fr users, and t encurage use f these travel mdes fr daily needs and recreatin. Determine if current right-f-way limits and setbacks alng Main, Fairview and 27th Street allw fr installatin f bicycle lanes and streetscape imprvements. Where the right-f-way r setbacks are insufficient t install these elements, amend the Bise City Zning Ordinance t adjust the setbacks r establish building lines s sufficient rm is available. When apprving new develpment in these areas, btain easements between the setback and right-f-way lines fr streetscape and sidewalks utside the right-f-way line. Wrk with existing prperty wners t accmmdate installatin f streetscape where feasible. Wrk with ACHD t implement the planned bicycle rutes and lanes shwn in Figure 47. Wrk with ACHD t implement the bicycle lanes shwn n the street sectins fr the 30th Street Extensin, Main Street, Fairview Avenue and 27th Street t imprve cnnectivity fr bicycle travel and t make bicycling practical as a means f transprtatin. 111

113 4.6: Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan Places are shaped nt nly by buildings but als by the public realm that frms the setting fr the buildings. The public realm includes streets, sidewalks, parks, plazas and ther public spaces. The public realm can becme a fcal pint that lends identity t a place. Public places can cntribute t the beauty, enjyment, livability and vitality f their surrundings when they are designed and lcated well. They als prvide pprtunities fr cmmunity gatherings. One f the mst pervasive public spaces in any cmmunity is its street system which is used by residents, business peple, visitrs and travelers n a daily basis. Streets are ften viewed as practical necessities with little regard fr hw they affect quality f the cmmunity. Attractive streetscapes create memrable streets, bringing a sense f harmny, graciusness and beauty t everyday activities. They encurage mre frequent use f streets by pedestrians and bicyclists. Imprvements t the public realm can have a beneficial effect n the desirability f a particular area and serve as catalysts fr develpment such as the additin f the Esther Simplt Park and River Recreatin Park t the 30th Street planning area. Existing Cnditins Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Parks The planning area is flanked n its west side by a significant amunt f public parkland. The planning area includes ver 171 acres f develped and undevelped parklands including the Bise River Greenbelt, Veterans Memrial Park, Esther Simplt Park and Bernardine Quinn Riverside Park and the River Recreatin Park. Three smaller neighbrhd parks are als lcated within r in the vicinity f the planning area: Lwell Park, Elm Grve Park, and Fairview Park. Figure 48 shws the lcatins f existing and planned parks within the planning area. Civic Spaces Other than parks and schls, there is a lack f civic space in the planning area that culd serve as bth infrmal and frmal cmmunity gathering places. Neighbrhd residents have indicated a desire fr civic spaces in the 30th Street planning area t enrich their quality f life and fster a sense f cmmunity. The quality f streetscapes is uneven, varying frm beautiful neighbrhd areas with traditinal detached sidewalks lined with mature trees t streets where there are n sidewalks and n trees. This master plan recmmends creating a mre cnsistent pattern f attractive streetscapes. Trails The Bise River Greenbelt is a 25-mile lng bicycle and pedestrian path that links ver 850 acres f public parks and natural areas alng the Bise River. The Bise River greenbelt path system prvides ver 30 miles f paved and unpaved pathways between Lucky Peak Dam and Eagle Island State Park. Several develped sites and verlks adjacent t the Bise River Greenbelt prvide wildlife viewing. Barber Park, Municipal Park, Julia Davis Park, Ann Mrrisn Park, Kathryn Albertsn Park, Bernardine Quinn Park and the new River Recreatin and Esther Simplt Park ffer a variety f recreatin activities. 112

114 Figure 48: Existing & Planned Parks Surce: HDR; City f Bise Plan fr Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails The 30th Street Master Plan emphasizes the creatin f civic spaces, which culd be parks, plazas r ther public places, wherever pssible in the planning area. This effrt is especially imprtant in the ITD and Main- Fairview subdistricts where prviding civic spaces, creating and prtecting view crridrs, enhancing streetscapes and creating gateways all have an imprtant placemaking functin that helps create a distinctive identity fr these develpment pprtunity areas, increase their marketability and create catalysts fr develpment. Figure 48 illustrates the features f the Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan fr the planning area. The ITD subdistrict and Main-Fairview subdistricts include areas fr gatherings in bth small, intimate settings and larger public events r functins. The ITD subdistrict has sizeable pen areas t create an verall setting fr redevelpment f this site and enhance the desirability f this new urban center fr residential, cmmercial, ffice and ther uses. A central bulevard prvides a strng cnnectin frm State Street t the Bise River crridr which will help develp a sense f place in this area. In the Main-Fairview subdistrict, a central square is lcated at the intersectin f the 30th Street Extensin and Main Street. 113

115 A system f streetscapes wuld enhance the 30th Street Extensin, Main Street, Idah Street, Fairview Avenue, 27th Street, Pleasantn and Stewart Avenues, and the new streets prpsed in the ITD subdistrict, and create a netwrk f attractive walking rutes. Pleasantn wuld becme a central east-west spine, and 27th Street wuld becme a central nrth-suth spine thrugh the neighbrhd suth f State Street. Using a cnsistent set f street furnishings and appealing landscaping t create a system f memrable streets wuld bring a distinctive and cherent identity t the neighbrhd. The 30th Street Extensin will add a significant radway crridr t the planning area. The design fr this street includes a landscaped median in the stretch between the ITD subdistrict and Pleasantn Avenue. The median has the ptential t transfrm this radway int a bulevard similar t Harrisn Bulevard thrugh the Nrth End neighbrhd. Entrances t the Esther Simplt Park ccur in this stretch as well. A rundabut at Stewart Avenue ( Figure 30, pg..66) will emphasize the majr entrance t the park. A secnd entrance at Wdlawn Avenue will prvide the mst direct access t the River Recreatin Park. The prximity f the 30th Street planning area t the Bise River Greenbelt and the river crridr is an incredible asset. The Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan shws imprved access frm the ITD subdistrict t the river pnds that brder it, and an imprtant cnnectin pint between the 30th Street neighbrhd t the Esther Simplt Park and greenbelt trail system at the intersectin f the 30th Street Extensin and Pleasantn. There are majr park facilities planned fr the 30th Street planning in the river crridr as well. Esther Simplt Park is 55 acres. The apprved park master plan includes, playgrunds, walking paths, picnic and natural areas, f pnds and parking. The River Recreatin Park in the Bise River, will ffer facilities fr caneing, kayaking and ther water-riented activities. It is lcated alng the shreline f the Esther Simplt Park. Cnstructin f the first phase f the River Recreatin Park was cmpleted in early

116 ITD Subdistrict Urban park Public green spaces fr utdr seating, events and infrmal gatherings Street trees Existing Pnds in River Crridr Imprvement f passive park site Additinal trails, amenities and access pints fr the neighbrhd Landscaped Medians alng 30 th Street Extensin Medians will add t the design f the parkway Will prvide a safe haven fr crssing 27 th Street Subdistrict Create public space in cmmercial district fr infrmal neighbrhd gatherings. Enhance streetscapes thrughut 30 th Street planning area. Create netwrk f memrable streets that als serve as bicycle-pedestrian netwrk. Esther Simplt Park Site Park Master Plan shws, playgrunds, walking paths, natural areas, and pnds Crsswalk and signals fr pedestrians and bicyclists Prvide access and parking fr active passive and river sprts River Recreatin Park Lcatin f kayak trail Prvide drp-ff lcatin fr bats Prvide verlks and pprtunities fr pedestrians and bicyclists t bserve river recreatin activities Cnnectins t Esther Simplt Park & Bise River Greenbelt Central cnnectin at Pleasantn Suthern entrance t park and cnnectin t greenbelt Main-Fairview Subdistrict Central Plaza at Main Street & 30 th Street Extensin Create urban park n river frntage Use street trees and streetscape design t create gateways Plant accrding t Bise City Parks and Recreatin Department guidelines Figure 49: Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan Surce: HDR; City f Bise 115

117 Plicies & Actin Steps fr Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plicies Public Open Spaces Use investment in public pen spaces as ne f the tls fr attracting private develpment that will help mve the 30th Street Master Plan frward. Develp a netwrk f parks, civic spaces and greenways that creates a distinctive identity fr the planning area, brings a sense f cherence and cnnectin, encurages bicycling, walking and general enjyment, and enhances the attractiveness f the 30th Street planning area. Select sites fr public pen spaces s they are cntiguus r intercnnected rather than small, scattered parcels. Make pen spaces accessible t all neighbrhd residents, visitrs t the area and the general public. Lcate public pen spaces s they are highly visible in relatin t the street pattern, tpgraphy, and existing develpment patterns, thereby enhancing public access and identificatin f the pen space as a significant cmpnent f the landscape. Lcate public pen spaces s they integrate well with Bise s pedestrian, bicycle and transit netwrk. Cnsider surrunding land uses when deciding the lcatin, amunt, use and character f the public pen space. Whenever pssible, pen spaces in the ITD, 27th Street Neighbrhd Center and Main-Fairview subdistricts shuld be lcated s that their edges are activated by peple-riented uses such as utdr cafes, shps, husing, and htels and cultural r entertainment uses. Design public parks and plazas with attentin t the fllwing design bjectives: - Public pen spaces shuld incrprate elements such as seating, lighting, shade and sun, play equipment and special features like public art r water that are attractive, welldesigned and enhance public use f the area. Landscaping and paving shuld prvide a cmfrtable and aesthetically pleasing setting fr users. - The Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts and the Esther Simplt Park shuld include a cmmunity gathering place designed t accmmdate cultural events and perfrmances. - User safety and security and ease f maintenance shuld be prime cnsideratins in develping pen space. - Views frm parks, civic spaces and radway crridrs t pen water and the Bise River are encuraged. The 30th Street Extensin is designed t allw mtrists, bicyclists and pedestrians t have views f the Esther Simplt Park and Bise River crridr. - Situatins where radway gemetry allws fr medians, street trees and ther amenities shuld be used t enhance the radway s cntributin t the public realm. Wrk with the schl district and the Head Start Center t make schl prperties in the neighbrhds available as public pen spaces when nt being used by the schl. 116

118 Encurage private develpers t incrprate public spaces in their prjects. Streetscapes Use streetscapes t create a distinctive identity, an attractive public realm and pedestrianfriendly streets in the 30th Street planning area. Actin Steps Develp and implement a lng term capital investment plan fr parks, civic spaces, streetscape and trail, and include prvisin f parks, civic spaces and trails as budget pririties and resurces allw. Identify lcatins fr public spaces in bth residential and cmmercial areas, and especially in the mixed use activity centers. Open Spaces Build the Esther Simplt Park and River Recreatin Park within the first five years f the redevelpment plan fr the 30th Street planning area. As develpment ccurs in the mixed use activity centers, the schedule fr creating pen spaces shuld crdinate with develpment phasing s each phase includes an apprpriate amunt f pen space. Particular attentin shuld be given t when and where residential develpment will ccur in planning and implementing pen spaces. Create a netwrk f public pen spaces integrated with develpment in the ITD subdistrict t create vistas t the Esther Simplt Park and Bise River crridr, prvide a respite frm the built envirnment, and allw fr active and passive recreatin. Create a public pen space in the 27th Street cmmercial center fr infrmal neighbrhd gatherings and scializing. Create a Central plaza and utdr perfrmance space in the Main-Fairview subdistrict. Streetscapes Create a streetscaping plan fr the 30th Street planning area which includes streetscape standards fr the develpment pprtunity areas and the primary streets in the neighbrhds. Implement the plan as funding allws. Retain existing mature street trees as lng as they are healthy, and implement a tree planting prgram s the tree canpy in the planning area is maintained and enhanced. Install and maintain streetscapes alng pedestrian and bicycle rutes t make them attractive, cmfrtable and safe fr users, and t encurage use f these travel mdes fr daily needs and recreatin. In areas where insufficient street right-f-way is available t fully implement streetscape standards, amend the Bise City Zning Ordinance t establish building setback lines sufficient t allw full installatin f streetscapes. When apprving new develpment in these areas, require prperty wners t prvide easements between the setback and right-fway lines fr the streetscape. Wrk with existing prperty wners t accmmdate installatin f streetscape where feasible. 117

119 Implement the streetscape standards established fr the planning area as develpment ccurs. Trails Develp a trail system in the Esther Simplt Park that prvides cnnectins between the neighbrhd and the Bise River Greenbelt trail system. Maintain the existing trail cnnectin Pleasantn Avenue t the Bise River when the park is develped. Install a pedestrian-activated traffic signal at the intersectin f Pleasantn and the 30th Street Extensin t maintain access fr bicyclists and pedestrians t the Bise River Greenbelt trail system at this lcatin. Develp a trail cnnectin frm the ITD develpment pprtunity area t the Esther Simplt Park. 118

120 4.7: Utilities Plan This plan fcuses primarily n the current state f utilities in the 30th Street planning area, and what imprvements culd be needed t supprt future develpment. Other types f infrastructure such as radways, sidewalks, parks and trails have their wn areawide plans in this chapter. Existing Cnditins f Utilities Water Ptable water is prvided by a United Water, which is a private utility. Sewer Sewer service is prvided by the City f Bise. There are currently n existing deficiencies identified in the area, but the demand fr upgraded r new facilities needs t be analyzed as new develpment is prpsed. Strmwater Strmwater cllectin is prvided by ACHD. Public Safety Fire and plice services are prvided by the City f Bise, and emergency medical service is prvided by Ada Cunty. The 30th Street Extensin will enhance public safety and respnse times t the area. A new ladder truck was purchased in 2008 fr Statin #5 that services the area. Statin #5 is lcated at 16th Street and Frnt Street. With the new equipment adequate respnse t fire emergencies in taller buildings can be prvided. The new park will be designed t accmmdate emergency medical respnses t the Bise River and Bise River Greenbelt. Electric Pwer Electric service is supplied by Idah Pwer. Service is prvided frm tw pwer statins just utside the planning area: Bise Substatin (BOIS) at 17th Street and the I-184 Cnnectr; and the State Street Substatin (STAT) at 34th Street and Dewey Street. Tw transmissin lines serve the area supprted by a netwrk f verhead kv distributin lines. By 2015, Idah Pwer plans t cnslidate the tw transmissin lines n ne alignment. The cnslidated alignment culd be n ne f the existing transmissin line alignments, r a new alignment. The new line wuld be a larger 138 kv line, with a larger base and height than the existing transmissin lines. Future Utility Needs Utilities are part f the basic infrastructure needed t supprt the 25-year develpment prgram presented in this master plan. While this prgram prpses increased densities, utilities cmpanies serving the planning area indicated n specific utilities issues with respect t servicing the prpsed develpment. The redevelpment plan and assciated densities may result in the need t resize sme water r sewer trunk lines r 119

121 ther utilities. Strmwater is nt expected t increase substantially ver present cnditins since the amunt f impervius area is nt expected t change significantly as a result f redevelpment. Crdinatin with all utilities is paramunt in advance f any new cnstructin r the recnstructin f public infrastructure. Planned Upgrade t Electric Transmissin Lines Idah Pwer currently has tw 69kV lines cnnecting the BOIS and STAT substatins. One is lcated primarily n 27th Street and State Street. The ther rute extends alng 24th Street. Bth f these rutes prvide challenges fr lcatin f a 138kV line. Idah Pwer has indicated that transmissin lines lcated between the BOIS Substatin and the STAT Substatin need t be upgraded frm 69kV t138kv. The rebuild needs t be cmpleted arund Idah Pwer s preferred rute t cmplete the 138kV tie between the tw substatins wuld fllw the 30th Street Extensin n the east side, away frm the planned Esther Simplt Park. Idah Pwer s secnd chice is t fllw either 24th Street r 27th Street. Of these tw, Idah Pwer s preference is t use 27th Street rute because it wuld be a slightly shrter rute with less backyard cnstructin. It is recmmended that the line be cnstructed n the 30th Street alignment in crdinatin with radway cnstructin and that the line be undergrunded thrugh the sectin. The City f Bise and ACHD shuld wrk clsely with Idah Pwer in crdinating the rute and burial f the upgraded line. Plicies & Actin Steps fr Utilities Plicies Mnitr the cnditin f utility systems, and identify needed imprvements as develpment intensifies in the 30th Street planning area. All new utilities shuld be placed undergrund. Overhead electric and telecmmunicatins lines lcated in alleys may remain. Actin Steps Develp and implement a lng term capital investment plan fr public infrastructure, and include imprvements t utilities as budget pririties and resurces allw. Wrk with Idah Pwer t accmplish the planned upgrade f the 69kV lines between the BOIS Substatin and the STAT Substatin t 138kV. Prepare a strmwater master plan fr the 30th Street planning area, with an emphasis n the strmwater facilities needed in each f the develpment pprtunity areas t accmmdate prpsed redevelpment. Identify ways in which strmwater cllectin culd be dne n an areawide basis using best management practices fr water cnservatin and reuse. All elements f the strmwater design shall cmply with City f Bise, ACHD and State requirements fr strmwater management. 120

122 4.8: Hazardus Cnditins Existing Cnditins Fldplain Flding frm the Bise River is a ptential hazard that affects sme f the planning area. The prpsed River Recreatin Park and Esther Simplt Park will be develped in a manner that ensures n changes in the hydraulics that may affect the fldway. The 30th Street alignment is at the edge f the 100 year fldplain. Figure 50 depicts the lcatin f the fldplain and area water features. Figure 50: Fldplains & Water Features Surce: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) 121

123 Brwnfields Several remediated brwnfield sites are lcated in the area. These sites were assciated with undergrund strage facilities frm frmer aut and cnstructin related businesses. All knwn sites have been remediated. Other brwnfields sites may exist given the nature f frmer uses including Gdwin Oil Cmpany and aut dealerships. Plicies & Actin Steps fr Hazardus Cnditins Plicies Prperties shuld be develped in accrdance with the Bise City Fldplain Ordinance (Chapter f the Bise City Cde). Apply the plicies in the Bise City Cmprehensive Plan regarding maintenance and upgrading f fld cntrl systems t the 30th Street planning area. Prtect the Bise River banks frm further ersin by enacting prgrams t plant and maintain streamside vegetatin. Obtain and preserve adequate access t the river fr fld cntrl maintenance at the time f new develpment alng the river. Actin Steps Develp an areawide, interagency apprach t addressing fld hazards in the 30th Street planning area. Identify imprvements needed t strm drain and fld cntrl systems in the 30th Street planning area t reduce fld hazards t an acceptable level f risk. If imprvements are needed, wrk t secure funding t implement these imprvements. Develp prgrams and incentives t remve the barriers that hazardus cnditins present t private investment, develpment and redevelpment f the 30th Street planning area. Wrk in cperatin with prperty wners and develpers t reduce hazardus cnditins. Apply fr federal and state grant funding t prvide resurces t inventry brwnfield sites and implement remediatin prgrams. 122

124 5. Subdistrict Plans fr Develpment Opprtunity Areas Fcusing new develpment in pprtunity areas and creating mixed use activity centers is a key idea in the 30th Street Master Plan. This chapter presents the develpment prgram, market strategy, preferred develpment cncept and design and develpment guidelines fr each f these pprtunity areas r subdistricts. It is preceded by a discussin f the market infrmatin used in the cncept plans fr the subdistricts. Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy The 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy was prepared by the Leland Cnsulting Grup (LCG) in February The primary gal fr the reprt was t identify a develpment prgram fr the 30th Street planning area that culd serve as a fundatin fr the 30th Street planning prcess. LCG tk a three-step apprach, lking first at existing site cnditins in the subdistricts and the reginal ecnmy, demgraphics and market cnditins; then translating this infrmatin int a develpment prgram fr the develpment pprtunity areas and ending with strategic principles fr implementatin f such a prgram. LCG cnducted a further evaluatin f the market prjectins, preferred develpment cncepts fr the subdistricts, street sectins and the parking plan in Nvember 2008, which led t refinements in the master plan. This chapter presents a summary f the backgrund market cnditins, market demand and pprtunities and develpment prgram fr the 30th Street planning area. The plans fr each f the develpment pprtunity sites fllw. Backgrund Market Cnditins The 30th Street planning area is within ne mile f dwntwn Bise, the heart f the grwing Treasure Valley metrplitan area, and has easy access t ther majr emplyment and retail centers within the regin. Frm ppulatin grwth in the Treasure Valley averaged 13,000 t 14,000 persns per year, a percent annual grwth rate.. In 2009, the Great Recessin hit Idah frcefully and by 2011 reginal frecasts anticipated nly a 1.5 percent grwth rate thrugh The 30th Street planning area is part f the diversified Treasure Valley ecnmy. The strngest sectrs f the ecnmy are high tech manufacturing, gvernment, prfessinal and business services, and health and educatin sectrs. Unemplyment averaged less than 3 percent between 2002 and In 2008, hwever, unemplyment reached 4.1% reflecting vlatile changes in the natinal ecnmy and the mrtgage lan crisis. Reginal unemplyment mre than dubled t 8.4 percent in 2009, peaking at 10.1 percent in December By September 2011, the unemplyment rate receded t 8.9 percent. 25 The verall ecnmic situatin and resulting market dwnturn may delay implementatin f the 30th Street Master Plan. Hwever, new businesses such as Eberlestck n the nrtheast crner f Main/30 th indicate cmmitment t the area. Eberlestck, which prduces specialty military and hunting backpacks, invested ver $1,000, 0000 in recnstructin f existing buildings in 2010 and pened fr business the same year COMPASS Demgraphic Advisry Cmmittee, Meeting Minutes, September 28, Idah Department f Emplyment Mnthly Reprts, COMPASS, Demgraphic Advisry Cmmittee 123

125 Median incme in the planning area is $38,608, cmpared t $53,539 in the Bise regin as a whle. Suth f State Street the median incme is $35,700 and nrth f State Street the median incme level is $49,548. The needs fr the existing neighbrhd appear t be primarily lcal. There is little neighbrhd retail r emplyment within walking distance f the study area. Neighbrs and ther stakehlders expressed a desire t walk t a restaurant r cffee shp, r rent creative ffice space within the neighbrhd. They wuld als like mre chice in husing types, as many wh nw rent wuld like t stay in the neighbrhd, but cannt necessarily affrd t purchase a single family residence. The redevelpment and revitalizatin prgram fcuses n tw majr pprtunity areas: the Idah Transprtatin Department (ITD) site alng State Street between Rse and Vine streets, and the Main/Fairview cuplet at the suth end f 30th Street. Tw smaller pprtunity areas are als addressed: the 27th Street area between Pleasantn Avenue and Stewart Avenue and the east side f prpsed 30th Street Extensin between Pleasantn Avenue and Regan Avenue acrss frm the Esther Simplt Park. The existing residential neighbrhd has been designated as its wn subdistrict as well. Each f these areas is addressed as a unique subdistrict within the planning area. Identifying Market Demand & Opprtunities A redevelpment prgram typically describes targets fr different land uses and develpment types. It is imprtant in preparing a redevelpment prgram t evaluate the likelihd f its success in the marketplace, since the verarching gal f any redevelpment prgram is t achieve results. The traditinal apprach t measuring the ptential fr market success is a market study. Market studies cmpare the existing supply fr specific uses currently in the marketplace t the amunt that is still in demand and can be sld r leased ver a given perid. Because supply and demand are in cnstant flux, market studies have a limited shelf life, and are best used fr prjects ready t be built in the very near future. Market studies may als miss r under estimate pprtunities fr new types f develpment that are nt yet in the marketplace under study. An alternative apprach is creating a market strategy which nt nly cnsiders current demand and supply but als cmmunity bjectives fr the lng-term future develpment character f the area under study. In preparing this master plan, elected and appinted fficials, neighbrhd residents, prperty and business wners and ther stakehlders helped t define these bjectives thrugh interviews, wrkshps, the design charrette prcess and cmmunity meetings. The gals and bjectives that appear in Chapter 1 (pp ) highlight the cmmunity s desires. The plan fcuses n what strategies will create the envirnment that will attract and supprt the desired develpment. It identifies what ingredients will make a difference. The 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy charts a curse fr the 30th Street planning area using a blend f market research and market strategy. Within the 30th Street planning area, demand exists fr a variety f uses. Accmmdating these key uses can substantially facilitate the verall redevelpment f the area. Mre imprtant, the existing assets in the 30th Street planning area and the plans fr the 30th Street Extensin, street beautificatin, the Esther Simplt Park and the dwntwn streetcar extensin t the 30th Street planning area are all levers that can be used t enhance existing market pprtunities and create new nes. A descriptin f the market demand and pprtunities fr ffice, retail, htel, residential and civic space frm the 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy are nted belw. 124

126 Office 26 There is a demand fr creative ffice frmats cnvenient t dwntwn but with lwer rent and mre flexible ffice sizes. There is demand in the immediate area fr flex ffice space and small ffice ptins fr sle prprietrs and small businesses. The 30th Street area ffers ffice lcatins near dwntwn, and near existing and planned transit rutes. Office shuld be majr cmpnent f Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Retail 27 There is insufficient retail in planning area t meet lcal needs. Retail is recmmended in the fur develpment pprtunity areas. Bth the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts have ptential t becme strng cmmercial centers if they can vercme the pr cnditin f the strip cmmercial that already exists and establish the right mix f new uses. In bth cases, strng anchrs will be needed that bring daily custmer traffic such as a grcery, majr pharmacy, r cmmunity r arts center. The ITD subdistrict culd supprt as much as 250,000 square feet, and the Main-Fairview subdistrict culd supprt as much as 200,000 square feet f retail. Including ffice, entertainment and especially residential uses in the develpment prgram will increase the custmer base fr additinal retail. Retail uses that supprt civic, ffice and residential develpment such as restaurants, bkstres, cafes, dry cleaning, hair salns, printing/cpying, ffice supplies, etc. are mst apprpriate. Restaurants are key cmpnent in develpment f mixed use centers, bringing visitrs back again and again. Htel Main-Fairview subdistrict is well-lcated fr htel develpment clse t majr radways int dwntwn and adjacent t I-184 Cnnectr. 26 The market demand prjectins prepared by LCG in February 2007 indicated the 30 th Street planning area had pprtunity t capture demand fr 55,000-85,000 square feet f ffice in the next five years (r 275, ,500 square feet by 2030) as part f dwntwn ffice market. In Nvember 2008, LCG recmmended that these prjectins be mitted frm the master plan given the current difficulties in the U.S. ecnmy. This infrmatin is fr reference nly. 27 In February 2007, LCG identified a prjected demand fr retail space in the Main & Fairview trade area at 65,000 square feet and in the State & Rse trade area at 76,000 square feet in the next five years. In Nvember 2008, LCG recmmended that these prjectins be mitted frm the master plan given the current difficulties in the U.S. ecnmy. This infrmatin is fr reference nly. 125

127 Prximity t river and greenway, future transit, shpping and services within walking distance draws htel guests. There is a demand fr htels with meeting spaces and banquet facilities Including htels in the develpment prgram will help supprt restaurants and retail. Husing Husing is key t creating lively urban centers with cntinual activity, and strng supprt f retail, restaurants and cultural and entertainment uses. It is becming mre evident that there is an untapped market fr wnership and rental husing lcated in urban centers given the yung wrkfrce ppulatin already living in 30th Street planning area, and the verall aging f Bise residents. Such husing wuld include apartments, cndminiums, twnhuses, live-wrk units, and wrkfrce and senir husing. Mixed use centers that include husing, emplyment and access t transit ffer peple the pssibility f living clse t wrk and reducing cmmute distances and csts. The prspect f higher fuel prices in the future has increased interest in clse-in living ptins. 30th Street planning area is in ideal lcatin t prvide wrkfrce husing given its lcatin clse t the dwntwn emplyment center and n existing and planned transit lines. Each pprtunity area presents an excellent pprtunity t integrate a variety f husing clse t emplyment, shpping and ther services. Minimum f units per acre shuld be used as an verall density range, with a minimum f 60 units per acre in the Main-Fairview and ITD activity areas. Densities in these activity areas culd exceed 100 units per acre. 28 Mre diverse husing types are needed t respnd t changing demgraphics and a variety f lifestyles in the regin. Develpment sites with access t transit and natural amenities are ptimal fr residential develpment. The large tracts f vacant and underutilized land alng the edges f the planning area prvide an pprtunity t lcate higher density husing withut affecting established single family neighbrhds. Civic Space Public buildings prvide destinatins that anchr ther uses. Public buildings and civic spaces fster a strng sense f cmmunity. Creating the Develpment Prgram 28 The fllwing husing develpments serve as examples f densities that culd ccur in the ITD and Main- Fairview subdistricts: Imperial Plaza (71.9 units/acre), CitySide Lfts (88 units/acre), Washingtn Mutual Cndminiums (121.8 units/acre), The Jeffersn (136.3 units/acre) and the Idah Building (169.5 units/acre). 126

128 Using infrmatin abut the characteristics f the planning area, and market demand and pprtunities, LCG then created a 25-year redevelpment and revitalizatin prgram, using certain big ideas as guides fr the pssibilities within the prgram. These ideas are: Define 30th Street planning area as a unique district and a gateway t dwntwn Bise. Use the prpsed transit and radway imprvements as a guide fr new, higher density develpment. Extend the dwntwn streetcar frm dwntwn t the 30th Street planning area as an added amenity fr redevelpment. Fcus new density and develpment intensity at the edges f the neighbrhd. Keep the existing neighbrhd intact and cnnect it t new develpment areas. Balance needs f bth thrugh autmbile traffic and pedestrians when designing streets. The prgram calls fr an ambitius, higher density, mixed use center in the Main-Fairview and in the ITD develpment pprtunity areas. These centers wuld include multifamily husing (bth rental and wnership units), emplyment (primarily ffice), and retail, restaurants, ther cmmercial services and entertainment uses. Structured parking was assumed fr mst uses, althugh parking may be prvided by surface parking lts until these pprtunity areas make the transitin frm lwer t higher intensity uses. Tw smaller ndes were identified within the study area as ptential redevelpment sites. The 30th Street nde referred t in this master plan as the 30th Street Park View subdistrict wuld be develped with medium density husing alng the east side f 30th Street between Pleasantn and Regan facing Esther Simplt Park. On the west side f 30th Street, a specialty restaurant culd be lcated next t Idah River Sprts t create a destinatin fr park visitrs, peple using the Bise River Greenbelt and the larger cmmunity. The 27th Street nde is envisined as a neighbrhd shpping district similar t Hyde Park in the Nrth End, which wuld be lcated alng Stewart Avenue between 27th Street and 29th Street. It wuld include retail and service businesses and ne r mre small-scale café-style restaurants, and prvide a fcal pint and gathering place fr the neighbrhd. Medium density husing such as twnhuses, cndminiums, wrk-live units, flats ver stres r apartments culd ccur as part f the center and/r alng 27th Street frm Regan t Pleasantn. Table 7 summarizes the redevelpment pprtunities by subdistrict. 127

129 TABLE 7: SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR OPPORTUNITY AREAS Type f Develpment Main-Fairview Subdistrict Prjected Range f Develpment (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Develpment Target (Sq. Ft.) Prjected Range f Values Per Sq. Ft. Average Value Per Sq. Ft. Private Investment (Develpment Target x Average Value) Retail 150,000 t 175,000 $120-$150 $135 $23,625, ,000 Office 300,000 t 350,000 $180-$220 $200 $70,000, ,000 Residential 400 t 600 units (Avg size 1000 sq.ft.) Cndminiums ,000 $275-$400 $350 $87,500,000 Apartments ,000 $100-$150 $125 $37,500,000 Htel 250 rms 150,000 $125-$175 $150 $22,500,000 Parking (1) 2,478 spaces $20,000 $49,560,000 per space (2) Subttal $290,685,000 ITD Subdistrict (State & Rse) Retail 200,000 t 225,000 $120-$150 $135 $30,375, ,000 Office 250,000 t 300,000 $180-$220 $200 $60,000, ,000 Residential 800 t 1,200 units (Avg size 1000 sq.ft.) Cndminiums ,000 $275-$400 $350 $210,000,000 Apartments ,000 $100-$150 $125 $43,750,000 Htel N/A Parking (1) 2,312 spaces $20,000 $46,240,000 per space** Subttal $390,365,

130 Type TABLE 7 (CONTINUED): SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR OPPORTUNITY AREAS Develpment Target (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Parking Develpment Target (Cnverted t Sq. Ft.) Value Per Sq. Ft. (Average) 30 th Street Subdistrict (Cmmercial at Pleasantn; Residential n east side f 30 th Street between Regan & Pleasantn) Private Investment (Target x Value Per Sq. Ft.) - Cmmercial 8, spaces (3) 8,000 $135 $1,080,000 - Idah River Sprts - New restaurant (recmmended use) - Residential - Twnhmes - (Avg size 2000 sq.ft.) - Apartments - (Avg size 1000 sq.ft.) Apprx. 5,000 sq.ft (rati 1:1.5 t 1:2.0) (rati 1:0.75 t 1:1.5) 70,000 $350 $24,500,000 30,000 $125 $3,750,000 Subttal $29,330, th Street Subdistrict (at Stewart) Retail 24,000 24,000 $135 $3,240,000 Residential - Twnhmes / Cndminiums (rati 1.5 t 2.0) 30,000 $350 $10,500,000 (Avg size 1000 sq.ft.) Subttal $13,740,000 Ttal $724,120,000 (1) Estimates f parking needs relate t retail, ffice, apartments and htels, which are uses where it is practical t supply parking in public parking r shared parking facilities. It des nt include parking needs fr wnership husing (cndminiums and twnhuses), which are typically supplied by private reserved parking fr these uses. (2) Cst per parking space assumes that parking will be supplied in an abve-grund parking structure. In reality, parking may be supplied in abve-grund, belw-grund r surface parking lts depending n the verall ecnmics f a develpment prject and the feasibility f using structured versus surface parking. As nted abve, the cst per space in abve-grund parking structure averages $20,000. If parking is supplied in a belw-grund parking structure, the typical cst is $25,000-$35,000 per space but may be mre depending n what is lcated n tp f the parking structure. Surface parking csts apprximately $2,200 per space. (3) It is anticipated that the prpsed restaurant use will lcate adjacent t Idah River Sprts and will share parking. The number f parking spaces shwn is fr the tw businesses cmbined. Surce: Leland Cnsulting Grup 129

131 Implementing the Develpment Prgram Using Strategic Principles T implement the develpment prgram fr the 30th Street planning area and revitalize the area, Bise City and ACHD shuld take a practive stance tward the future f the area. Attentin must be given t hw public imprvements and ther public actins can be used as catalysts t achieve the kind f redevelpment desired fr the 30th Street planning area. The questin is What needs t be dne t get ready fr redevelpment f the area. The 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy recmmends that, prir t taking any specific actin steps, a set f strategic principles must be established t test each prpsed actin fr its cnsistency with the visin and redevelpment strategy fr the 30th Street planning area. The Market Strategy prepared by LCG recmmends that the fllwing eight strategic principles be used. 1. Create a distinct identity fr the 30th Street area as a gateway urban neighbrhd 2. Fcus n the neighbrhd 3. Recgnize private investment fllws public cmmitment 4. Leverage public investment befre building public imprvements 5. Create pulse pints f develpment activity in pprtunity areas 6. Use transit as an added asset t attract develpment 7. Anticipate evlutin: Create cntrls that assure quality develpment 8. Demnstrate leadership These strategic principles are detailed in Chapter 6: Implementatin. Chapter 6 als includes recmmended actin steps t carry frward these strategies. Develpment Opprtunity Areas The 25-year redevelpment and revitalizatin prgram fr the 30th Street planning area fcuses n hw t stimulate develpment activity and ecnmic vitality in fur develpment pprtunity areas, described belw and shwn in Figure 2. Idah Transprtatin Department (ITD) Subdistrict: A high density mixed-use, urban-style activity center with ffices, husing, restaurants, retail and service businesses n the ITD headquarters site. It wuld be situated n the west side f the new 30th Street Extensin, between State Street and the Bise River crridr, and wuld include urban green spaces and access t the waterfrnt as amenities fr the develpment. This subdistrict s street system wuld cnnect t the surrunding residential area, and it wuld be served by existing reginal bus service and planned bus rapid transit n State Street. Mst f the prperty in this subdistrict is wned by ITD and the agency s headquarters building is lcated here. 30th Street Park View Subdistrict: Medium high density residential twnhuses, cndminiums r higher end apartments alng the east side f the 30th Street Extensin facing the planned Esther Simplt Park, with views f the park and access t the Bise River Greenbelt as amenities. This 130

132 subdistrict culd als include a specialty cmmercial nde with retail and restaurant uses n the west side f the radway. It wuld be served by planned reginal bus service n the 30th Street Extensin. 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict: A neighbrhd cmmercial center at the intersectin f 27th and Stewart including an existing grcery, retail and service businesses, and small-scale caféstyle restaurants. Medium density husing such as twnhuses, cndminiums, wrk-live units, flats ver stres r apartments culd ccur as part f the center and/r alng 27th Street frm Regan t Pleasantn. This subdistrict is within a few blcks f existing bus rutes n Main Street and Fairview Avenue. Main-Fairview Subdistrict A high density, mixed use, urban-style activity center including ffices, husing, htels, cultural and educatinal uses, restaurants, retail and service businesses which wuld have a city-wide r reginal draw. This activity center wuld extend frm 27th Street t the Bise River and frm Idah Street t the I-184 Cnnectr. It wuld be served by existing reginal bus service and a prpsed extensin f the Bise dwntwn streetcar. Each subdistrict plan describes the desired intensity, massing and character f develpment; circulatin; and streetscape, civic spaces and greenways. The plans cntain design bjectives related t building frm; architectural features; landscaping and parking. Perspective drawings shw hw the subdistrict might appear frm different viewpints as the develpment prgram is implemented. Phtgraphs f develpments frm ther lcatins have been included t cnvey the sense f place desired in each subdistrict. The text and graphics illustrate the nature f the subdistricts in cnceptual terms. The master plan encurages actual develpment prjects t take a variety f frms as lng as they are in keeping with the intent f the develpment cncepts and design bjectives presented in the subdistrict plans. General Design & Develpment Guidelines This sectin cntains design and develpment guidelines that pertain t all f the subdistricts. The subdistrict plans which fllw this sectin include guidelines particular t each f the subdistricts. In reviewing develpment prjects fr cnsistency with this master plan, attentin shuld be given t this cllectin f general guidelines and t the subdistrict plans including preferred develpment cncept and specific guidelines they cntain. Mixed Use Develpment The gal f creating mixed use activity centers may be achieved either by mixed use buildings, a mix f uses within a blck r a mix f uses within a given subdistrict. Husing shuld be clustered int residential districts, and retail shuld be clustered int shpping districts t imprve the prspects f success fr these uses. Retail shuld be lcated where there is sufficient market pressure t supprt it. Retail space shuld nt be put n the first flr f a building in an attempt t activate it if there is little prspect fr retail success at the building s lcatin. Where a building includes different uses such as residential and ffice, each use shuld have its wn entrance and circulatin system s each use has its wn identity. 131

133 Building Design Buildings shuld fllw green design principles as described in Chapter 3 (pp ) and shuld btain LEED certificatin whenever feasible. Individual buildings shuld be designed t respnd t their cntext and relate well t neighbring prperties. Attentin shuld be given t where the building is situated in the verall urban fabric. Fr example, buildings at intersectins and gateways shuld signal the significance f the lcatin. Buildings shuld have a cherent style f architecture that addresses all sides f the building and gives it a distinctive, well-designed appearance. Buildings shuld make a psitive cntributin t the verall built envirnment. Innvative building design is encuraged. Building materials shuld cnvey a sense f enduring quality and permanence Buildings lcated in mixed use activity centers shuld typically be lcated at the sidewalk line, have an activated grund flr 29 and shuld prvide effective weather prtectin ver the sidewalk fr pedestrians such as canpies, awnings r similar features. Buildings in these centers shuld differentiate the first flr frm upper flrs s the buildings have a human scale at the street level. Buildings lcated adjacent t r acrss the street frm a public space shuld be designed t take advantage f this asset, t activate the space and t cntribute tward a sense f safety fr peple using the space. These bjectives are mst ften achieved by rienting entrances and strefrnts s they allw physical and visual cnnectins between the building and the space, lcating active, pedestrian-riented uses n the first flr and rienting windws s there are eyes n the park. 30 Where the grund flr f a building is intended fr retail-type uses, the grund flr height shuld be duble the typical flr-t-flr height fr upper stries. The interir finished flr elevatin fr cmmercial buildings shuld be apprximately equal t the frnting sidewalk grade. Buildings with cmmercial uses n the grund flr shuld have entrances frnting n the sidewalk. Residential buildings frnting arterial and cllectr streets shuld be raised abve the sidewalk grade by steps, stps r prches. Specific architectural guidelines shuld be develped fr each subdistrict based n a library f relevant building styles and the branding plan fr the area. Histric Areas 29 Buildings lcated in the mixed use activity centers shuld cntribute t creating a lively, pedestrian-riented street scene. Pedestrians are attracted t street frntages with grund flr uses where peple are cming and ging and the activities inside the buildings are visible and interesting t passersby. Buildings with strefrnt windws, entrances n the sidewalk and weather prtectin fr pedestrians set the stage fr an active pedestrian area. Lcating uses n the first flr that engage peple s interest and generate peple activity attract pedestrian traffic. Such uses include retail and service businesses, restaurants, taverns and night clubs, art galleries and artists studis pen t the public, mvie theaters, live music and ther entertainment uses, htel lbbies and residential units. These uses are cnsidered activating uses. 30 Eyes n the park refers t making public spaces safer by surrunding them with uses that encurage peple t adpt public spaces and take respnsibility fr them, allw peple t bserve what is ging n in these spaces and bring peple activity t them. This idea was first intrduced by Jane Jacbs in her bk, The Death and Life f Great American Cities. Randm Huse, Inc., New Yrk,

134 Landscaping Circulatin Parking In neighbrhd areas where a traditinal develpment pattern 31 predminates: Allw fr infill redevelpment which bradens the range f husing, emplyment and shpping ptins as lng as it respects and strengthens the inherent character f the existing neighbrhd. Redevelpment is nt expected t make radical changes in the existing neighbrhds. Such develpment fits the preferred develpment cncept as lng as the frm and scale is cmpatible with the prevailing neighbrhd character Encurage a range f architectural styles in new buildings in a way that des nt detract frm the surrunding histric character. Preserve the mature tree canpy n develpment sites whenever feasible. Require planting f replacement trees when mature trees are remved. When cnsidering redevelpment f prperties with histric structures, require alternative appraches t be explred including restratin, reuse f the structure r f its façade, mving the structure r demlishing the structure. Weigh the cntributin made by the structure t the cmmunity s recrd f its histry, the csts and benefits f retaining the structure and f the redevelpment prpsal. The City f Bise shuld evaluate if landscape guidelines shuld be develped fr each subdistrict in an effrt t brand the area. If guidelines are desired, they shuld be established early in the redevelpment prcess t gain the greatest benefit in shaping the image f the area. Plant material shuld be selected based n the Parks and Recreatin Department s and Cmmunity Frestry s research and experience. Trees shuld be selected t reduce ptential damage frm rts t building fundatins r street imprvements. Trees, shrubs, grundcver and turf shuld cnfrm t Crime Preventin thrugh Envirnmental Design (CPTED) principles, while prviding an aesthetic and appealing envirnment. A netwrk f public spaces and pedestrian and bicycle rutes shuld be created in the 30th Street area t prmte the use f alternative means f transprtatin, prvide a respite t the urban envirnment, and add t the area s identity and enjyment. (Repeated under streetscaping, pen space and greenways.) All streets within the 30th Street planning area shuld have sidewalks s there is a cmplete pedestrian netwrk. Develpment prjects shuld include bicycle parking and strage. Wrkplaces shuld include shwers fr bicycle cmmuters. 31 This develpment pattern is typical f residential and cmmercial areas develped in the United States between 1850 and The fundatin is a grid street system and a unifrm pattern f blcks. Residential areas have detached sidewalks, landscape strips and street trees between the sidewalk and the curb. Typically these areas have a mature tree canpy that is a significant asset t the neighbrhd s livability and attractiveness. In cmmercial areas, there are strefrnt-style buildings at the sidewalk line, wide sidewalks with street trees in tree grates and nstreet parking. 133

135 The recmmended parking strategy fr the 30th Street planning area including parking demand management and design guidelines fr parking structures and surface parking lts is in the Parking Plan in Chapter 4. Bise City shuld evaluate whether parking ratis shuld be adjusted dwnward r parking verlay districts be applied in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts because there will be a large cncentratin f higher density, mixed uses in these areas, which usually results in lwer parking demand. The Urban Land Institute has develped efficiency factrs which may be helpful in ding this evaluatin. On-street parking shuld be prvided thrughut the area except in thse lcatins where its prvisin interferes with the nrmal functining f the assciated street (typically within twenty r thirty feet f an intersectin). On-street parking is especially critical t the success f grund level retail and service businesses ccupying strefrnts in urban envirnments. It is als very helpful t residential uses that face arterial streets. On street parking shuld be lcated n the street frntages identified in the master plan as intended fr these types f uses: - Main, Fairview, 30th Street between Main and Fairview in the Main-Fairview subdistrict, as well as n ther streets where custmer-riented cmmercial uses are expected t lcate. - 27th Street between Stewart and Pleasantn, Stewart between 27th and 29th streets in the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistrict - Streets in the ITD subdistrict yet t be identified (since this subdistrict des nt yet have a street netwrk) which wuld be designated as cmmercial streets when the develpment plan fr this subdistrict is further refined. - State Street between 23rd Street and Veterans Memrial Park. Streetscaping, Open Space & Greenways A netwrk f public spaces and pedestrian and bicycle rutes shuld be created in the 30th Street area t prmte the use f alternative means f transprtatin, prvide a respite t the urban envirnment, and add t the area s identity and enjyment. (Repeated under circulatin.) Public pen spaces (parks and plazas) shuld prvide pedestrian cnnectins t surrunding develpment and shuld include attractive landscaping and paving and amenities such as sitting areas, sun and shade, drinking funtains, bicycle racks and trash receptacles and may include water features, public art, play space and space fr gatherings, cmmunity events and perfrmances. Public pen space shuld be lcated s the edges are activated by adjacent uses and peple wrking, living r cming and ging frm shps r restaurants in the vicinity can prvide eyes n the park fr increased safety. Landscaping in parks, plaza and ther public pen spaces shuld create an aesthetic and appealing envirnment in parks and shuld als cnfrm t (CPTED) principles. An verall streetscape plan shuld be develped fr the 30th Street planning area which will include a street classificatin system, streetscape plans fr each categry f street, a street tree planting plan and a catalg f apprved street furnishings. The streetscape plan may include unique furnishings fr the ITD and the Main-Fairview subdistricts t give them a distinctive identity. Street tree species shuld be selected in cnsultatin with Bise City Cmmunity Frestry. 134

136 Streetscapes make a significant cntributin t the aesthetic quality f streets and t the safety, cmfrt and enjyment f pedestrians, bicyclists and mtrists wh use streets and sidewalks. They als sften the impact streets n adjacent land uses. Streetscape design elements shuld be cnsidered in the develpment f a streetscape plans include landscaped center medians, tree lines in the center and alng the sides f streets, intersectin treatments, bulb-uts, safe refuges fr pedestrians in medians and n-street parking and bicycle lanes. Streetscape is an imprtant element that can bring a sense f rder, beauty and cherence t built envirnments. In the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts, which are expected t be higher density urban envirnments, the streetscape shuld have a frmal air where the street tree species is cnsistent n each blck and may be the same fr several blcks t make an aesthetic statement. Street furnishings shuld be f high quality and cnsistent thrughut t give these activity centers a distinctive identity. Street trees planted in grates in urban cmmercial areas shuld be selected fr their ability t live in a cnfined, stressful envirnment, prvide an attractive tree canpy and shade that is als manageable in size s as nt t interfere unduly with strefrnt signage and t be relatively free frm drpping fruit r sap, and susceptible t infestatin by insects. All street trees shall be prvided with an autmatic irrigatin system that is n a separate circuit frm water lines serving buildings s the trees are prtected frm inadvertent water shut-ffs when building plumbing is being repaired. Irrigatin circuits shuld nt cnnect tgether the sunny and shady sides f streets since the amunt f water needed by trees differs between these tw envirnments. Whenever pssible, streetscapes in the neighbrhd areas shuld include a landscape strip between the sidewalk and the curb and f sufficient size t allw the planting f Class III trees. A minimum f 10 feet is recmmended. Neighbrhd streetscapes are expected t be mre infrmal with a mix f tree species within the same blck r area. There may be sme situatins, such a trees planted in a center median where a frmal apprach is desired. An example wuld be Harrisn Bulevard between Hill Rad and Hayes Street. 135

137 Idah Transprtatin Department (ITD) Subdistrict Plan New ITD Offices n State Street Retail Uses Frnting State Street Neighbrhd serving retail Space fr new grcery stre Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) stp Parking behind shps Public Spaces New public green space Central bulevard cnnecting State Street t waterfrnt Apartments & Twnhuses Adjacent t Existing Neighbrhds Mixed Use Buildings with Parking Structures Residential Overlking Waterfrnt Figure 51: ITD Subdistrict Develpment Cncept Surce: City f Bise; LCG Intrductin This subdistrict includes the 45-acre site ccupied by ITD s three-stry headquarters building and a number f single-stry utbuildings used mainly as garages and fr strage. This site is the dminant candidate fr redevelpment in the vicinity f the Rse Street and State Street intersectin. The nly ther prperty f any size is a mbile hme park lcated west f the ITD site, which has frntage n the Bise River pnds and Esther Simplt Park. Other sites in this immediate area are t small and fragmented t allw effective largescale redevelpment. The ITD site includes apprximately 500 feet f frntage alng State Street between Rse Street and Vine Street and 225 feet f depth t the existing ffice building. As currently develped, it includes a significant amunt f unused land, including a 225 t 300 ft deep stretch alng State Street, and several acres at the suth end alng the Esther Simplt Park. Depending n ITD s lng-term plans fr this particular piece f prperty, this site has excellent redevelpment ptential. ITD has participated in the 30th Street planning prcess, but has n immediate plans fr additinal develpment f its site. If and when the agency decides t pursue redevelpment, ITD wuld need t decide whether t cntinue t use its headquarters building, r relcate elsewhere and ffer the building fr sale r trade. ITD culd decide t relcate t a new building in the subdistrict r elsewhere. If the headquarters building is made available, a secnd questin arises whether the building shuld be renvated, adapted fr new uses r remved. The building is an example f the Internatinal style and was designed by Bise 136

138 architect Charles Hummel. It is a landmark in the area. The general design and develpment guidelines at the beginning f this chapter prvide guidance n hw t apprach histric buildings in redevelpment areas (see p 133). ITD Subdistrict Develpment Prgram & Parking Demand As part f this planning effrt, the cnsultant team examined market pprtunities and trends frm 2002 thrugh 2006). The team als cnducted discussins with prperty wners and investrs. Based n these studies and meetings, the prpsed prgram fr the Idah Transprtatin Department Subdistrict is shwn in Table 8. The parking demand assciated with this develpment prgram is shwn in Table 2. (Please nte: The parking demand in Table 9. includes uses which culd share parking facilities and excludes wnership husing units i.e. cndminiums which are expected t need dedicated parking spaces nt available fr ther uses.) TABLE 8 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR ITD SUBDISTRICT Type f Develpment Prjected Range f Develpment (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Develpment Target (Sq. Ft.) Prjected Range f Values Per Sq. Ft. Average Value Per Sq. Ft. Private Investment (Develpment Target x Average Value) ITD Subdistrict Retail 200,000 t 225,000 $120-$150 $135 $30,375, ,000 Office 250,000 t 300,000 $180-$220 $200 $60,000, ,000 Residential 800 t 1,200 units Average size 1,000 sq. ft. Cndminiums 600 units 600,000 $275-$400 $350 $210,000,000 Apartments 350 units 350,000 $100-$150 $125 $43,750,000 Htel N/A Parking * 1,975-2,450 $20,000 $46,540,000 spaces 2,327 (95%) per space** Ttal $390,365,

139 Type TABLE 9: ESTIMATED PARKING DEMAND FOR ITD SUBDISTRICT Amunt (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Estimated Demand fr Parking Spaces ITD Subdistrict Retail 200,000 t 250, Office 250,000 t 350, Residential 800 t 1,200 units Cndminiums 600 units N/A Apartments 350 units 525 Htel N/A Estimated Parking Demand 1,975-2,450 Market Strategy: Using Assets, Creating Markets & Placemaking The success f redevelpment effrts ften depends n 1) using existing advantages n and favrable cnditins surrunding a develpment site, i.e. assets, 2) creating markets, and 3) using urban design t develp a chesive sense f place that attracts businesses, residents, investrs, custmers and visitrs, i.e. placemaking. The first tw items address market advantages as they exist nw. The third item addresses hw t create a new and distinctive place thrugh the lcatin and design f land uses, buildings and public imprvements. What fllws is the market strategy fr the ITD Subdistrict. *In the lists belw, items fllwed by (AM) relate t using assets and creating markets; items fllwed by (P) relate t placemaking; (AM, P) dente items that relate t bth but have nly be listed under ne categry t save duplicatin Using Assets & Creating Markets This subdistrict has a premiere lcatin. It is lcated n State Street which gives it accessibility and visibility and cnnects it t dwntwn Bise, which is the largest urban center in the regin fr arts, culture, entertainment and urban ambience, business, educatin, gvernment services and emplyment. It is als lcated n the Bise River crridr and has immediate access t the water s edge, which is a rare situatin. This subdistrict ffers the pprtunity t develp a brad mix f uses. Attentin shuld be given t lcatinal advantages that suggest where each type f use wuld be mst successful. - The frntage alng State Street lends itself t retail develpment. - The retail in this area will serve bth the neighbrhd and the larger cmmunity drawn by the retail, cmmercial and ffice pprtunities. The subdistrict is als likely t attract drive-by traffic and custmers arriving by transit. The recmmended anchr fr the center is a grcery stre and a cmmunity draw, such as a cmmunity center. (AM) - The subdistrict shuld include significant cmmercial ffice develpment. It is clse t dwntwn Bise, which is the business center fr the regin, but ffers the pssibility f lwer rents and mre flexible ffice arrangements. 138

140 - The land alng the Esther Simplt Park and the Bise River crridr lends itself t medium-t-high density residential develpment. The highest value residential will mst likely ccur n the waterfrnt. The cnditins assciated with this subdistrict allw fr ease f land assembly. The entire redevelpment culd be dne by ne r tw master develpers wrking in a number f related phases. (AM) If ITD were t make its prperty available fr redevelpment, there is sufficient vacant land in the subdistrict t accmmdate bth a new ITD ffice headquarters and substantial redevelpment. (AM) Phasing prvides the pprtunity t develp an evlutinary strategy fr the prvisin f parking. Early stages culd include surface parking lts which are later redevelped int cmmercial and residential buildings. (AM) Placemaking This subdistrict s sense f place shuld draw frm its prximity t the Bise River crridr and t the heart f the city. A strng linkage shuld be established frm State Street t the Esther Simplt Park and the Bise River crridr by keeping the site pen thrugh the middle. This linkage culd take the frm f a grand bulevard that serves as a central spine thrugh the center f the subdistrict. (AM, P) This subdistrict shuld have a significant netwrk f civic and pen spaces that celebrate its clseness t the natural envirnment in the Bise River crridr. Ideally, this netwrk wuld cnnect the site back t the Bise River and Esther Simplt Park. (AM, P) The subdistrict shuld ffer a variety f husing types t create a place where there is diversity f ages, cultures and incmes, and peple have living ptins at different life stages. The entire subdistrict prject shuld be designed t be pedestrian- and bicycle-friendly and accessible. (P) Regardless f the number f develpers r phases, the city shuld establish a strng set f design guidelines t assure quality develpment. (P) Liner buildings with cmmercial, residential and ther activating uses shuld be used t screen parking garages when feasible. (P) 139

141 ITD Subdistrict - Develpment Plan This sectin presents the redevelpment plan fr the ITD subdistrict. The preferred develpment cncept, design and develpment guidelines and illustratins express the desired future fr this area. This plan is nt binding n ITD, nr des it infer r imply that the 30th Street Master Plan represents an ITD plan r ITD cncurrence. Preferred Develpment Cncept The cnceptual plan fr the redevelpment f the ITD subdistrict adheres t the develpment prgram and market strategy described earlier in this sectin. The ITD subdistrict is envisined t be an urban, mixed-use, pedestrian- and transit-friendly activity center. In general, retail uses shuld be lcated alng r clse t State Street s they have visibility. Residential uses are recmmended alng the Esther Simplt Park, and alng the edges shared with the existing neighbrhd. The central area f this subdistrict wuld have a mix f uses primarily ffice alng with rental and wnership husing, live-wrk units, ffices, and neighbrhd-riented services. Sme retail r restaurant uses may wrk in central area with attentin t market supprt, lcatin, visibility and n-street parking. Physically and visually linking State Street t the Esther Simplt Park shuld be emphasized and a netwrk f pen public spaces shuld be created. The primary public space wuld be a bulevard that runs directly frm State Street t a waterfrnt drive verlking the Sand Creek Flume and the Esther Simplt Park pnds. The bulevard serves as a central spine fr the entire develpment. The streets within this subdistrict shuld frm a grid pattern with n dead-end streets r cul-de-sacs. Every effrt shuld be made t prvide cnnectivity within the subdistrict, and between the subdistrict and the existing neighbrhd t the nrthwest and sutheast. Transit stps wuld be lcated n State Street and accessible frm the subdistrict by walking r bicycling. Parking fr bicycles shuld be prvided at the transit stps. If Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) r anther frm f high capacity transit becmes available, parking requirements shuld be reduced and smewhat higher develpment densities allwed. Figures 51 (at the beginning f this sectin) 52 and 53 illustrate the ITD Subdistrict Develpment Cncept and key design features. Figure 54 cntains phtgraphs f built prjects which cnvey a sense f hw this subdistrict wuld be develped. 140

142 Figure 52: ITD Subdistrict View frm waterfrnt lking nrtheast alng central bulevard t State Street. Surce: HDR Figure 53: ITD Subdistrict View frm State Street lking suthwest alng central bulevard t waterfrnt. Surce: HDR 141

143 Figure 54: ITD Subdistrict Pht mntage f built prjects similar in character t the develpment cncept Surce: LCG 142

144 Specific Design & Develpment Guidelines fr ITD Subdistrict Massing & Lcatin f Buildings Typically the built fabric shuld have an urban flavr with buildings pulled up t the sidewalk and a cnsistent building line alng street frntages except t allw fr plazas and ther public spaces. The relatinship f buildings t the sidewalk may be sfter fr residential uses allwing fr steps, stps, prches and limited garden space. In the center f the subdistrict, buildings shuld frame the central bulevard and the streets parallel t the bulevard and celebrate views t the Esther Simplt Park. The tallest building heights wuld ccur in the center and taper dwn t the edges f the subdistrict. Heights f buildings may vary accrding t the building prgram, but the cntinuity f the building line alng street frntages shuld remain cnsistent. Building Heights - Buildings in the ITD subdistrict shuld be a minimum f three and maximum f ten stries in height except as nted belw. - Buildings lcated in the blcks adjacent t State Street may be tw t three stries in height. - Buildings alng the edges f the subdistrict shared with the existing neighbrhd shuld be n mre than three stries in height t be cmpatible with the neighbrhd s existing character. Over time, if redevelpment ccurs in the neighbrhd, and typical building heights increase, this guideline culd be mdified t allw taller buildings alng the neighbrhd edge. - Building heights alng the edge f Esther Simplt Park may be five t seven stries in height. Circulatin - Streets within the develpment site shuld frm a grid-like netwrk and prvide a high degree f cnnectivity. - Streets in the subdistrict shuld cnnect t the residential areas n the nrthwest and sutheast sides f this subdistrict. - The radway plan fr the subdistrict shuld include a central bulevard frm State Street t the Esther Simplt Park and pnds. This bulevard shuld establish a distinctive identity fr the subdistrict by creating creates a strng cnnectin t these pen space amenities and celebrating views t the waterfrnt. Parking The recmmended parking strategy fr the 30 th Street planning area and design guidelines fr parking structures and surface parking lts are in the Parking Plan in Chapter 4. Specific guidelines fr the ITD subdistrict are nted here. - On-street parking shuld be lcated alng all streets within ITD subdistrict except n the 30th Street Extensin. 143

145 - Use f parking structures is encuraged in the central area f this subdistrict where the highest develpment densities ccur. - The develpment f this subdistrict may invlve multiple develpers and builders. The City f Bise shuld wrk with these individuals t cllabrate as much as pssible especially in hw parking is prvided. Shared parking shuld be encuraged. - The Esther Simplt Park Master Plan anticipates a 5-10 space surface parking lt be lcated at the existing end f Rse Street fr public park access. Streetscaping, Open Space & Greenways - The ITD subdistrict shuld include a netwrk f public pen spaces integrated with develpment t create vistas, prvide a respite frm the built envirnment, and allw fr active and passive recreatin. Open spaces shuld cnfrm t the plicies in the Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan in Chapter 4. - The central bulevard shuld act as a majr greenway thrugh the site cnnecting State Street and the Esther Simplt Park. - The 30 th Street Extensin and assciated pen space and landscaping shuld act as a green cnnectin between the residential areas t the west and t the Esther Simplt Park. - The streetscape n the 30 th Street Extensin and the lcal street netwrk shuld be shuld be cnsistent with CPTED principles, while prviding an aesthetic and appealing envirnment. 144

146 Park View Subdistrict Plan (30 th & Pleasantn) 30 th Street Parkway Sectin Park Entries at Wdlawn and Stewart New Medium Density Residential Facing Esther Simplt Park Buildings n east side f 30 th Street Garages lcated n alleys Recnfigured blcks Cmmercial Fcused n River Recreatin Retail & Restaurant Uses Bicycle & Pedestrian Entry t Esther Simplt Park at Pleasantn Nte: Bundaries f the redevelpment areas are cnceptual. Whether specific prperties redevelp depends n prperty wners future plans. Figure 55: Park View Subdistrict Develpment Cncept Surce: City f Bise; LCG Intrductin The Bise River crridr and Esther Simplt Park are significant amenities fr the 30th Street area. There is an existing pedestrian and bicycle trail cnnecting the neighbrhd t the Bise River Greenbelt at the intersectin f Pleasantn Avenue and the 30th Street Extensin. A pedestrian-activated crssing signal (HAWK) t be cnstructed n the suth side f the intersectin will becme e a primary pedestrian and cyclist entrance t the park This intersectin presents an pprtunity t create a nde f residential and cmmercial develpment which wuld take advantage f prximity t the park and Bise River crridr. The Park View subdistrict develpment cncept anticipates new medium density husing alng the east side f 30th Street Extensin between Regan and Pleasantn with views tward the park. Husing types culd include twnhuses, cndminiums r higher end apartments. The number f units wuld be mdest since implementing this cncept wuld require assembling land and recnfiguring lts. The number f lts suitable fr redevelpment is limited. 145

147 During the master planning prcess, neighbrhd residents expressed a desire fr mre neighbrhd-serving retail in the planning area. There is an existing retail business Idah River Sprts n the west side f the 30th Street Extensin-Pleasantn intersectin. The prpsed design fr the 30th Street Extensin in this stretch includes an 11 ft landscaped median, n n-street parking and restricted turn mvements at Pleasantn. This cnfiguratin wrks against adding a significant amunt f retail at this lcatin. A cmmercial use that culd be successful, hwever, is a restaurant lcated adjacent t the Idah River Sprts facility. A restaurant culd serve peple frm the neighbrhd and visitrs t the park. Peple using the park, hiking, and enjying the utdrs culd stp fr a meal and visit with friends. The restaurant, prperly designed and riented, becmes bth an amenity t the park and the park becmes an amenity t the restaurant. Restaurants are the ne retail sectr that can break the rules f visibility, lcatin and cnvenience and still enjy success The pedestrian-activated signal at the 30th Street Extensin-Pleasantn intersectin will facilitate access between the neighbrhd and this cmmercial nde. 30th Street Park View Subdistrict - Develpment Prgram & Parking Demand As part f this planning effrt, the cnsultant team examined market pprtunities and trends fr the last five years ( ). The team als cnducted discussins with prperty wners and investrs. Based n these studies and meetings, the prpsed prgram fr the Park View Subdistrict is shwn in Table 10. Type 30 th Street Park View Subdistrict TABLE 10 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR PARK VIEW SUBDISTRICT Develpment Develpment Target Target (Cnverted (Sq. Ft. r As t Nted) Parking Sq. Ft.) Value Per Sq. Ft. (Average) Private Investment (Target x Value Per Sq. Ft.) Cmmercial 8, spaces*** 8,000 $135 $1,080,000 Idah River Residential Sprts New Restaurant Twnhmes Apartments Apprx. 5,000 sq. ft. 35 units Average size 2,000 sq. ft. 30 units Average size 1,000 sq. ft (rati 1:1.5 t 1:2.0) (rati 1:0.75 t 1:1.5) 70,000 $350 $24,500,000 30,000 $125 $3,750,000 Ttal $29,330,000 Market Strategy: Using Assets, Creating Markets & Placemaking The success f redevelpment effrts ften depends n 1) using existing advantages n and favrable cnditins surrunding a develpment site, 2) creating markets, and 3) using urban design t develp a chesive sense f place that attracts businesses, residents, investrs, custmers and visitrs, i.e. placemaking. The first tw items address market advantages as they exist nw. The third item addresses hw t create a new 146

148 and distinctive place thrugh the lcatin and design f land uses, buildings and public imprvements. What fllws is the market strategy fr the Park View Subdistrict. *In the list belw, items fllwed by (AM) relate t using assets and creating markets; items fllwed by (P) relate t placemaking; (AM, P) dente items that relate t bth.. This subdistrict is lcated at a key intersectin between the 30th Street Extensin, a trail cnnectin frm the neighbrhd t the Esther Simplt Park and Bise River crridr and Pleasantn Avenue, which is a wider lcal street running frm east-west thrugh the neighbrhd. This nde shuld be develped int a cnnectin pint between peple enjying the river crridr, neighbrhd residents and business wners and visitrs t the area. (AM) Idah River Sprts is an existing business lcated at this nde. There is an pprtunity t lcate a restaurant here that wuld cmplement this business and attract peple wh enjy the Bise River envirnment and utdr recreatin. The retail and restaurant uses shuld fcus n neighbrhd residents and peple frequenting the riverfrnt parks and Bise River trail system and n becming a destinatin fr the larger cmmunity. The restaurant culd build n the appeal f a unique natural setting. Opprtunities fr utdr dining are desirable. (AM, P) The east side f the 30th Street Extensin between Pleasantn and Regan ffers views f the Esther Simplt Park and prvides an appealing lcatin fr twnhuses, cndminiums r upper end apartments. Lcating multifamily husing here wuld give a strng edge t the new street and mark a trail cnnectin t the river and an entrance t the neighbrhd. Access t husing units shuld be prvided frm alleys lcated t the rear r side f the units. (AM, P) 30th Street Park View Subdistrict Develpment Plan This sectin presents the redevelpment plan fr the Park View subdistrict. The preferred develpment cncept, design and develpment guidelines and illustratins express the desired future fr this area. Preferred Develpment Cncept The 30th Street Extensin,/Pleasantn Avenue intersectin will becme a cnnectin pint between the neighbrhd and the amenities f the Esther Simplt Park and the Bise River crridr. There is an pprtunity t lcate new medium density residential units alng the east side f the 30th Street Extensin facing Esther Simplt Park t take advantage f views and prximity t new recreatinal amenities. The residential units shuld prvide a strng edge alng the residential neighbrhd. There is als an pprtunity t create a specialty cmmercial nde n the west side f the 30th Street Extensin by adding a destinatin restaurant catering t peple using the parks and greenbelt trail alng the Bise River and the larger cmmunity next t Idah River Sprts. Figures 55 (at the beginning f this sectin) and 57 illustrate the Park View Subdistrict develpment cncept and key design features. Figure 56 cntains phtgraphs f built prjects which cnvey a sense f hw this subdistrict wuld be develped. 147

149 Figure 56: Park View Subdistrict Pht mntage f built prjects similar in character t the develpment cncept Surce: LCG; CCDC 148

150 Figure 55: Park View Subdistrict View lking suth alng 30 th Street Extensin tward Pleasantn Avenue Esther Simplt Park t the right Surce: HDR Specific Design & Develpment Guidelines fr Park View Subdistrict Massing & Lcatin f Buildings - Buildings develped at the intersectin f Pleasantn and the 30th Street Extensin shuld be placed s they frame the trail cnnectin frm Pleasantn Avenue t Esther Simplt Park and the Bise River crridr. - Residential buildings n the east side f the 30th Street Extensin shuld create a strng building line alng the street frntage, and shuld be riented t take advantages f views t the Esther Simplt Park. Building Heights - Residential buildings alng the 30th Street Extensin shuld be tw t fur stries in height. - Cmmercial buildings in the specialty cmmercial nde shuld be ne t tw stries in height. 149

151 Circulatin Parking - Access t Esther Simplt Park will be prvided in accrdance with the adpted park master plan and the City f Bise s preferred design cncept fr the 30th Street Extensin. - Ingress t and egress frm surface parking fr retail businesses at the Pleasantn and 30 th Street Extensin intersectin shuld be cmbined and crdinated with planned access pints t the Esther Simplt Park. The recmmended parking strategy fr the 30 th Street planning area and design guidelines fr parking structures and surface parking lts are in the Parking Plan in Chapter 4. Specific guidelines fr the 30 th Street Park View subdistrict are nted here. - Parking shuld be lcated t the side r rear f buildings frnting the 30th Street Extensin. Streetscaping, Open Space & Greenways - The 30th Street Extensin is designed as a parkway nrth f Pleasantn Avenue. The parkway design includes a wide center landscaped median and wider than typical landscape strips between the curb and the sidewalk t allw Class III trees t be planted. The intent is t create a street envirnment that emphasizes a natural, pastral lk, cmplements the Esther Simplt Park and makes driving enjyable. - The 30th Street Extensin and assciated pen space and landscaping shuld act as a green cnnectin between the residential areas t the east and t the Esther Simplt Park. 150

152 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict Plan Hyde Park Style Neighbrhd Cmmercial District Grund level retail with shared parking t rear f buildings Twnhuses, cndminiums r apartments may be included in cmmercial district Sidewalks n cmmercial frntages run t curb with street trees in tree wells. Public pen space fr infrmal neighbrhd gatherings & scializing Twnhuses r Apartments alng 27 th frm Regan t Pleasantn 2-3 stries Access t parking frm alley 27 th Street Redesign (Regan t Pleasantn) 2 travel lanes Parallel parking and bicycle lanes n bth sides Street trees in landscape strip Nte: Bundaries f the redevelpment areas are cnceptual. Whether specific prperties redevelp depends n prperty wners future plans. Figure 58: 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict Develpment Cncept Surce: City f Bise; LCG Intrductin During the 30th Street planning prcess, residents expressed a strng desire fr a neighbrhd cmmercial center that wuld prvide services and becme a gathering place. The intersectin f 27th Street and Stewart Avenue prvides an pprtunity t realize this desire. At present, 27th Street acts as a minr arterial cnnecting State Street and the Main-Fairview cuplet and bisects the 30th Street planning area. It has fur travel lanes and n parking r bicycle lanes. This street cnfiguratin is nt cnducive t retail develpment. Hwever, when the 30th Street Extensin is built, thrugh traffic n 27th Street is expected t drp. ACHD plans t restripe 27th Street frm fur t tw lanes with a center turn lane, and install bicycle lanes. 27th Street will cntinue t be the central nrth-suth rute given its lcatin between 23rd Street and the 30th Street Extensin but it will functin as a lcal street serving the neighbrhd. This type f street is mre cmpatible with retail develpment. 151

153 There is an existing grcery stre at 27th and Stewart, which culd serve as the seed fr a neighbrhd cmmercial center n either side f Stewart at that this intersectin. The develpment cncept includes retail and service businesses and at least ne café-style restaurant in the cmmercial district. Medium density husing such as twnhuses, cndminiums, wrk-live units, flats ver stres r apartments wuld ccur as part f the cmmercial center. Twnhmes wuld be develped alng 27th Street frm Regan t Pleasantn if prperty culd be assembled and lts recnfigured. Increasing husing density wuld help supprt the success f the cmmercial center. 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center Develpment Prgram As part f this planning effrt, the cnsultant team examined market pprtunities and trends frm 2002 thrugh The team als cnducted discussins with prperty wners and investrs. Based n these studies and meetings, the prpsed prgram fr the 27th Street Subdistrict is shwn in Table 11. Type TABLE 11 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR 27 TH STREET NEIGHBORHOOD CENTER SUBDISTRICT Develpment Target (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center (Subdistrict) Parking Develpment Target (Cnverted t Sq. Ft.) Value Per Sq. Ft. (Average) Private Investment (Target x Value Per Sq. Ft.) Retail 24,000 24,000 $135 $3,240,000 Residential Twnhmes / 30 units ,000 $350 $10,500,000 Cndminiums Average size 1,000 sq. ft. (rati 1:1.5 t 1:2.0) Ttal $13,740,000 Market Strategy: Using Assets, Creating Markets and Placemaking The success f redevelpment effrts ften depends n 1) using existing advantages n and favrable cnditins surrunding a develpment site, 2) creating markets, and 3) using urban design t develp a chesive sense f place that attracts businesses, residents, investrs, custmers and visitrs, i.e. placemaking. The first tw items address market advantages as they exist nw. The third item addresses hw t create a new and distinctive place thrugh the lcatin and design f land uses, buildings and public imprvements. What fllws is the market strategy fr the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict. *In the list belw, items fllwed by (AM) relate t using assets and creating markets; items fllwed by (P) relate t placemaking; (AM, P) dente items that relate t bth. The fcus f the new develpment shuld be alng Stewart Avenue between 27th and 29th streets and n 27th Street between Jrdan and Pleasantn avenues. (P) Redevelpment ffers an pprtunity t create a range f husing types. Husing shuld aim t meet the needs f singles, yung cuples, yung prfessinals, senirs and thers withut children. (AM) 152

154 The market shuld help determine the apprpriate amunt f retail and restaurant use. In lieu f retail uses, live-wrk ptins can be explred at the discretin f the individual develper, with the grund flr f each live-wrk unit designed fr cmmercial r retail use. (AM) The retail develpment shuld fcus n neighbrhd-serving uses. (AM, P) The buildings shuld strive t create a cntinuus frntage. Occasinal spaces between buildings, particularly where different prperty wners are invlved in the redevelpment, are acceptable. Driveway access shuld be taken frm streets ther than 27th Street if pssible. (P) In all likelihd, the develpment f this subdistrict will invlve multiple develpers, builders and prperty wners. The City f Bise shuld wrk with these individuals t cllabrate as pssible especially in hw parking is prvided. Shared parking shuld be encuraged. (AM, P) Design guidelines shuld be established fr the area. At a minimum, these guidelines shuld address key architectural features that create pedestrian character such as scale, materials, façade treatments, awnings and street furnishings. (P) 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Develpment Plan This sectin presents the redevelpment plan fr the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistrict. The preferred develpment cncept, design and develpment guidelines and illustratins express the desired future fr this area. Preferred Develpment Cncept 27th Street is a key nrth-suth rute within the 30th Street planning area. The intersectin f 27th Street and Pleasantn Avenue marks the apprximate mid-pint f the street between Main Street and State Street and is apprximately the gegraphic center f a mature residential neighbrhd. The pprtunity t redevelp adjacent prperties will ccur ver time. A slightly mre intense mix f uses can prvide services t the surrunding neighbrhds, help define this sectin f the street as a special place, establish a strnger identity fr the neighbrhd, and transfrm the street int a better pedestrian envirnment. Figures 58 (at the beginning f this sectin) 59 and 60 illustrate the 27th Street Subdistrict Develpment Cncept alng with several key design features. Figure 61 cntains phtgraphs f built prjects which cnvey a sense f hw this subdistrict wuld be develped. Specific Design & Develpment Guidelines fr 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Massing & Lcatin f Buildings - Building frms and placement shuld give the feel f a village center similar t the Hyde Park cmmercial district in the Nrth End. - Buildings in this subdistrict shuld be representative f small-scale mixed-use cmmercial and residential architecture fund within the Bise regin. - Buildings in this subdistrict shuld range in height frm tw t three stries. Mixed use buildings are encuraged but nt required. Buildings with cmmercial uses n the grund flr may have flats abve. These upstairs dwelling units shuld be designed and built t address, in part, the need fr additinal wrkfrce husing within the area. 153

155 Building Heights - Buildings within this subdistrict shuld be tw t three stries in height. Exceptins will be made n a case-by-case basis fr duble-height single stry buildings. Circulatin & Parking The recmmended parking strategy fr the 30th Street planning area and design guidelines fr parking structures and surface parking lts are in the Parking Plan in Chapter 4. Specific guidelines fr the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistrict are nted here. - The current street pattern shuld remain unchanged. 27th Street and Stewart Avenue shuld be redesigned as described in the Radway Plan in Chapter 4. - Parallel n-street parking shuld be prvided n bth sides f 27th Street and Stewart Avenue within the subdistrict as described in the Radway Plan in Chapter 4. - Parking fr retail businesses is expected t be in surface lts. Parking shuld be placed t the side r rear f the buildings whenever pssible s peple-activated space predminates n street frntages. - In all likelihd, the develpment f this subdistrict will invlve multiple develpers, builders and prperty wners. The City f Bise shuld wrk with these individuals t cllabrate as pssible especially in hw parking is prvided. Shared parking shuld be encuraged. - Surface parking fr shuld take access frm streets ther than 27th Street whenever feasible. - Surface parking lts shuld be lcated at the side r rear f lts frnting 27th Street. - Rear yard setbacks behind retail buildings shuld be dimensined t ptimize the efficiency f surface parking. - Parking fr residential buildings lining 27th Street shuld be at the rear and accessed by alleys. Streetscaping, Open Space & Greenways - A public pen space shuld be incrprated int the 27th Street cmmercial district t prvide a place fr infrmal neighbrhd gatherings and scializing. Open spaces shuld cnfrm t the plicies in the Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan in Chapter

156 Figure 59: 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict View lking suth n 27th Street frm Stewart tward Pleasantn Surce: CCDC Figure 60: 27th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict View lking nrth n 27th Street frm Pleasantn t Stewart Surce: CCDC 155

157 Figure 61: 27 th Street Neighbrhd Center Subdistrict Pht mntage f built prjects similar in character t the develpment cncept Surce: LCG; CCDC 156

158 Main-Fairview Subdistrict Plan Central Square & Gateways Add central plaza r green space as fcal pint Create gateways at Idah and 30 th Street; river crssing New Mixed Use Buildings Use mixed use buildings with retail n first flr (between Idah & Main ) Upper stries either ffice r residential Parking structures wrapped by buildings Transit Oriented Develpment Mixed use buildings alng street car rute (Main, 30 th & Fairview) Higher density at transit stps Mid-blck parking structures Figure 62: Main-Fairview Subdistrict Develpment Cncept Main & Fairview Redesign 3 travel lanes with bicycle lanes On-street parking Imprved streetscapes Residential Overlking Bise River Surce: City f Bise; LCG Intrductin Main Street and Fairview Avenue parallel ne anther with the distance between the tw streets varying frm 400 t 750 feet. The area surrunding the intersectin f the Main/Fairview cuplet and the 30th Street Extensin effectively makes up a single subdistrict. The Main-Fairview subdistrict is the mst challenging fr redevelpment due t the traffic patterns created by the ne-way cuplet, the relatively lw vlume f traffic, verly wide streets, and a fragmented pattern f land wnership. This subdistrict cnsists f several lts with varying degrees f redevelpment ptential: Nrthwest Crner f Main and 30th Streets: The 10½ acre site, wned by Rice Family Limited Partnership, is ccupied by a clsed aut dealership and service shp and is currently fr sale. This crner represents an excellent near-term redevelpment pprtunity. Nrtheast Crner f Main and 30th Streets: A psitive sign f reinvestment ccurred when a new business, Eberlestck, pened in 2010 after investing apprximately $880,000 in 157

159 remdeling/rebuilding existing structures. Eberlestck sells specialty military and hunting backpacks. Stabilizing this imprtant crner prtends well fr future reinvestment. West f the 30th Street Extensin between Main Street and Fairview Avenue: This area cnsists f five small parcels, the Shil Inn site, Idah Pwer utility garages and ffice, and a number f small businesses. Prtins f this site may be candidates fr near-term develpment. East f the 30th Street Extensin between Main Street and Fairview Avenue: The apprximately 8½ acres f vacant land, wned by the City f Bise, represents anther ptential near-term develpment pprtunity. Suth f the 30th Street Extensin and Fairview Avenue: A three-acre site, wned by Gdman Oil Cmpany, imprved but underutilized site with a cuple f small single stry buildings and large il tanks represents a gd redevelpment candidate since it is under ne wner. Redevelpment f the Main Street/Fairview Avenue Subdistrict will require sme frm f public investment and interventin. With the number f prperty wners, the public sectr will need t wrk with the prperty wners t prvide versight in creating an agreed-upn redevelpment plan. Main-Fairview Subdistrict Develpment Prgram & Parking Demand As part f this planning effrt, the cnsultant team examined market pprtunities and trends frm 2002 thrugh The team als cnducted discussins with prperty wners and investrs. Based n these studies and meetings, the prpsed prgram fr the Main-Fairview Subdistrict is shwn in Table 12. The parking demand assciated with this develpment prgram is shwn in Table 13. (Please nte: The parking demand in Table 13 includes uses which culd share parking facilities and excludes wnership husing units i.e. cndminiums which are expected t need dedicated parking spaces nt available fr ther uses.) TABLE 12 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR MAIN-FAIRVIEW SUBDISTRICT Type f Develpment Main-Fairview Subdistrict Prjected Range f Develpment (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Develpment Target (Sq. Ft.) Prjected Range f Values Per Sq. Ft. Average Value Per Sq. Ft. Private Investment (Develpment Target x Average Value) Retail 150,000 t 175,000 $120-$150 $135 $23,625, ,000 Office 300,000 t 350,000 $180-$220 $200 $70,000, ,000 Residential 400 t 600 units Average size 1,000 sq. ft. Cndminiums 250 units 250,000 $275-$400 $350 $87,500,000 Apartments 300 units 300,000 $100-$150 $125 $37,500,000 Htel 250 rms 150,000 $125-$175 $150 $22,500,000 Parking * 2,125-2,600 $20,000 $49,560,000 spaces 2,478 (95%) per space** Ttal $290,685,

160 Type TABLE 13: ESTIMATED PARKING DEMAND FOR MAIN-FAIRVIEW SUBDISTRICT Amunt (Sq. Ft. r As Nted) Estimated Demand fr Parking Spaces Main-Fairview Subdistrict Retail 150,000 t 200, Office 300,000 t 400, Residential 400 t 600 units Cndminiums 250 units N/A Apartments 300 units 450 Htel 250 rms 250 Estimated Parking Demand 2,125-2,600 Market Strategy: Using Assets, Creating Markets & Placemaking The success f redevelpment effrts ften depends n 1) using existing advantages n and favrable cnditins surrunding a develpment site, 2) creating markets, and 3) using urban design t develp a chesive sense f place that attracts businesses, residents, investrs, custmers and visitrs, i.e. placemaking. The first tw items address market advantages as they exist nw. The third item addresses hw t create a new and distinctive place thrugh the lcatin and design f land uses, buildings and public imprvements. What fllws is the market strategy fr the Main-Fairview subdistrict. *In the lists belw, items fllwed by (AM) relate t using assets and creating markets; items fllwed by (P) relate t placemaking; (AM, P) dente items that relate t bth but have nly be listed under ne categry t save duplicatin. Using Assets & Creating Markets Develpment f the Main-Fairview subdistrict shuld be undertaken as part f a frmal public-private partnership with a master develper. (AM) Develpment f the Main-Fairview subdistrict shuld be mixed-use, and shuld be planned t ccur in multiple phases. (AM, P) Regardless f the phasing, each element f the develpment plan shuld adhere t minimal threshlds f density r intensity. (AM, P) City f Bise and the master develper must be willing t exert rigrus cntrl ver the prcess f develpment. (AM) The use f an urban renewal district shuld be explred t help fund public investments that if built culd serve as catalysts t redevelpment activity. (AM) The intersectin f Main Street and the 30th Street Extensin creates the 100 percent retail crner; ptimize this lcatin. (AM) Create a mix f uses alng the nrth side f Main Street with retail r ffice uses n the grund flr and residential uses abve. (AM) 159

161 Placemaking It is imprtant t think f this area as a unified subdistrict and fr uses t share structured parking. The csts fr develpers t develp a structure fr each individual prject are prhibitive and wuld act as a brake n redevelpment. A primary determinant f the uses t be allcated t a particular develpment shuld be the capacity fr these uses t share parking. Surface parking is nt an ptin; the yields are t lw and current land csts are t high t supprt such an inefficient use f the land. Wherever pssible, street sectins shuld be redesigned t create walkable streets that are lcal-serving as well as thrugh streets. These street sectins shuld wrk fr streetcar r ther transit ptins if viable. This is particularly imprtant fr Main Street, the 30th Street Extensin and Fairview Avenue, but these same principles shuld be applied t crss streets as well. All streets in this subdistrict shuld be pedestrian-friendly with safe crssings, fewer barriers, and mre cnnectins. These imprvements will likely entail significant expense and, ther than 30th Street, are expected t ccur when the Main-Fairview subdistrict redevelps. (AM, P) Streets are critical elements f the Main-Fairview subdistrict; streets must be designed as significant public pen space systems. (P) Develpment shuld be designed s future transit stps are integrated int the verall redevelpment plan fr the subdistrict. Several nging transit planning effrts in the Treasure Valley will ultimately determine the type f transit that will be utilized and the rutes that will be selected. If high capacity transit is ruted alng the Main/Fairview cuplet, develpment densities and designs shuld be adjusted accrdingly. (AM, P) Design fr a mix f uses, with an emphasis n husing clser t the Bise River Greenbelt and ffice and retail uses clser t the center f the Main-Fairview subdistrict. (P) Where pssible, particularly alng Main Street and Fairview Avenue, use building frms t serve as gateways t the City. (P) Take advantage f the vista alng Main Street heading west, befre the street bends t the suth, t create a prminent building. (P) Design guidelines shuld be develped fr all aspects f the prject, and cntrls must be put in place t ensure that all develpment adheres t the guidelines. (P) Phasing prvides the pprtunity t develp an evlutinary strategy fr the prvisin f parking. Early stages culd include surface parking lts which are later redevelped int cmmercial and residential buildings. (P) Liner buildings with cmmercial, residential and ther activating uses shuld be used t screen parking garages where feasible. (P) 160

162 Main-Fairview Develpment Plan This sectin presents the redevelpment plan fr the Main-Fairview subdistrict. The preferred develpment cncept, design and develpment guidelines and illustratins express the desired future fr this area. Preferred Develpment Cncept The area designated as the Main/Fairview subdistrict includes a variety f prperties, prperty wners and land uses. Sme f the uses within the subdistrict are n-ging and viable; ther sites have been vacant fr years. Unlike the ITD subdistrict at the nrthern end f the 30th Street Extensin, the Main- Fairview subdistrict is physically fragmented and will require much mre crdinatin and versight t redevelp effectively. The current cnditins within the subdistrict indicate that the market and the private sectr by themselves are nt ging t initiate r carry thrugh an effective develpment prgram. The cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin will enhance cmmercial viability. The verall design apprach fr this subdistrict is built upn future transit linkages t the dwntwn. Streets and blcks will be left in their current cnfiguratins. Despite the current fragmented appearance, the subdistrict needs t be thught f as a unified mixed-use subdistrict, with an emphasis n efficient subdistrict-wide parking strategies, pedestrian and transit-riented retail and cmmercial uses, and new emplyment and residential uses. As with the ther activity centers within the area, the Main/Fairview subdistrict ffers sme ptential t add t the supply f wrkfrce husing. Figures 62 (at the beginning f this sectin) and 63 illustrate the Main/Fairview Subdistrict Develpment Cncept alng with several key design features. Figure 64 cntains phtgraphs f built prjects which cnvey a sense f hw this subdistrict wuld be develped. Figure 63: Main-Fairview Subdistrict View lking west n Main Street frm 30 th Street Extensin t the Bise River Surce: HDR 161

163 Figure 64: Main-Fairview Subdistrict Pht mntage f built prjects similar in character t the develpment cncept Surce: LCG 162

164 Specific Design & Develpment Guidelines fr Main-Fairview Subdistrict Massing and Lcatin f Buildings - The develpment prpsed fr this pulse pint is the mst urban f all the prpsals fr the 30th Street planning area. - Buildings shuld be lcated adjacent t the frnting rights-f-way t establish the urban character f the subdistrict, and t create a pedestrian-riented envirnment. - As much as pssible, the gal is t create cntinuus building frntages alng all streets within the subdistrict, and in particular, n Main Street, Fairview Avenue and 30th Street. Building Heights - Structures within this subdistrict generally shuld be between tw and ten stries in height, althugh individual prjects may be even taller. Wrkfrce Husing - New husing within the Main-Fairview subdistrict shuld nt be slely aimed at abve market rate clientele. Wrkfrce husing is a critical cmpnent in the redevelpment plan fr the area as a whle and shuld be included within the redevelpment f this subdistrict. A variety f incentives can be devised t make it prfitable fr private develpers t prvide sme, if nt all, f this husing. Incentives culd include density bnuses, parking reductins, linkage prgrams, etc. Lcating wrkfrce husing clse t transit crridrs culd significantly enhance husing affrdability by lwering transprtatin csts fr wrkfrce husehlds. Circulatin Parking - The current street pattern shuld remain unchanged. Main, Fairview and 30th Street between Main and Fairview shuld be redesigned as described in the Radway Plan in Chapter 4. The recmmended parking strategy fr the 30th Street planning area and design guidelines fr parking structures and surface parking lts are in the Parking Plan in Chapter 4. Specific guidelines fr the Main-Fairview subdistrict are nted here. - The entire subdistrict shuld be treated as a park-nce district in which visitrs, wrkers and residents can park in ne lcatin and reach all uses by walking, bicycling r using transit. - In all likelihd, the develpment f this subdistrict will invlve multiple develpers, builders and prperty wners. The City f Bise shuld wrk with these individuals t cllabrate as pssible especially in hw parking is prvided. Shared parking shuld be encuraged. - On-street parking shuld be prvided wherever feasible thrugh the subdistrict. It is strngly recmmended that n-street parking shuld be prvided n bth sides f 163

165 Main, Fairview and 30th Street between Main and Fairview as described in the Radway Plan in Chapter 4. - Because f the urban character f the subdistrict, n-street parking shuld be metered, bth as a surce f revenue and t prevent lng-term use f spaces that are best used by shrt-term visitrs t shps and restaurants - Restaurants, htels and certain ther uses within the subdistrict shuld be encuraged t develp valet services as part f their verall strategy fr handling parking needs. Streetscaping, Open Space & Greenways - The Main-Fairview Subdistrict shuld include a netwrk f public pen spaces integrated with develpment t create vistas, prvide a respite frm the built envirnment, and allw fr active and passive recreatin. Open spaces shuld cnfrm t the plicies in the Parks, Civic Spaces & Trails Plan in Chapter 4. - A central plaza r park shuld be incrprated int the Main-Fairview t prve a place fr public gatherings, cmmunity events, art fairs, cultural perfrmances, etc. 164

166 6. Implementatin Hwever gd a plan may be, its benefits will nt be realized until it has been implemented. T implement the develpment prgram fr the 30th Street planning area and revitalize the area, the City f Bise, its partners and stakehlders in the area shuld take a practive stance tward the area s future. Attentin must be given t hw public investments and ther public actins can be used as catalysts t achieve the kind f redevelpment desired. The questin is What needs t be dne t get ready fr and t spur redevelpment f the area? This chapter discusses the strategic principles that will guide redevelpment, and describes specific initiatives and redevelpment tls that will carry it frward t achieve the master plan s gals. Implementatin is expected t ccur in fur phases: Immediate (Years 1-3) Shrt Term (Years 4-8) Medium Term (Years 9-13) Lng Term (Years 14-24) At the cnclusin f this chapter there is an implementatin matrix which lists the actin steps recmmended in each f the fur phases (see Table 14). The strategic principles and actins described in this chapter ffer a hlistic apprach tward psitive change fr the area. Applying Strategic Principles The 30th St Specific Area Plan Market Prgram Implementatin Strategy recmmends that, prir t taking any specific actin steps, a set f strategic principles shuld be used t test each prpsed actin fr its cnsistency with the visin and redevelpment strategy fr the 30th Street planning area. These strategic principles include: a. Create a distinct identity fr the 30th Street area as a gateway urban neighbrhd b. Fcus n the neighbrhd c. Recgnize private investment fllws public cmmitment d. Leverage public investment befre building public imprvements e. Create pulse pints f develpment activity in pprtunity areas f. Use transit as an added asset t attract develpment g. Anticipate evlutin: Create tls that assure quality develpment h. Demnstrate leadership 165

167 T implement the 30th Street Master Plan, the City f Bise and its partner agencies must be practive, nt nly by building public imprvements like the Esther Simplt Park and the 30th Street Extensin, but by with hw these imprvements and ther actins will serve as catalysts t spur the redevelpment desired fr the 30th Street planning area. In the bradest sense, the implementatin prgram is meant t strengthen the area, remve barriers tward private investment, and facilitate in getting ready fr redevelpment. The public sectr wuld be respnsible fr the required public infrastructure imprvements, and fr develping a package f guidelines, regulatins and incentives that prmtes the cmmunity s visin. A small number f catalytic sites shuld be develped thrugh public-private partnerships. The private sectr shuld be primarily respnsible fr the remaining imprvements and redevelpment within the area. 1. Create a Distinct Identity fr 30th Street Area as a Gateway Urban Neighbrhd The 30th Street neighbrhd deserves a distinct identity r brand t better define its wn persnality and rle within the Bise market. It is a neighbrhd clse t dwntwn but with its wn sense f histry and distinctive assets. Its histry, its relatinship t the Bise River and t the new Esther Simplt Park, and the develpment f new urban activity centers in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts culd all be starting pints fr creating a distinctive identity fr the area. It culd becme knwn as the new desirable but affrdable neighbrhd n the edge f dwntwn. The 30th Street neighbrhd serves as a western gateway t dwntwn n State Street at the new 30th Street Extensin and n Fairview Avenue where it crsses the Bise River. These gateways als serve as entry pints int the neighbrhd. Landmarks at these key lcatins shuld be established t prvide a sense f arrival. Such landmarks culd include public artwrk, a public space, a mnument, a building r buildings with memrable architecture framing the gateway r a cmbinatin f these elements. 2. Fcus n the Neighbrhd Successful neighbrhds make successful cities. Neighbrhds that are clse t the histric cre f a city deserve particular attentin because it is difficult t have a healthy dwntwn if the surrunding neighbrhds are struggling and vice versa. There is a symbitic relatinship between them neighbrhd residents ften wrk, shp, dine and supprt arts and entertainment venues in dwntwn, and the neighbrhd prvides a supply f affrdable husing and services fr the dwntwn wrkfrce. The 30th Street neighbrhds, clse t dwntwn, are feeling the pressures f grwth and change. One f the key gals f this master plan is t assure that the 30th Street neighbrhds remain stable and healthy and becme mre prsperus as change ccurs. Plan prpsals include building the Esther Simplt and River Recreatin parks, taming and beautifying majr streets, diverting thrugh traffic frm 27th Street t the new 30th Street Extensin, and bringing new mixed use cmmercial and residential develpment t the Main- Fairview and State Street crridrs. While these changes are intended t be psitive, it is imprtant t keep asking hw each new initiative will affect the neighbrhd and its aspiratins and values. Current residents in the neighbrhd were very clear during the planning prcess n what was imprtant t them. Encuraging sustainable develpment patterns, transprtatin and ways f living with an emphasis n lcal actins Maintaining cnnectins t the Bise River crridr and greenbelt trail system Creating a walking and bicycling netwrk in the neighbrhd; clsing gaps in sidewalks and bicycle rutes Husing affrdability 166

168 Creating public gathering spaces and park space Integrating the arts int cmmunity life Increasing neighbrhd shpping and services Reducing traffic cngestin and cut-thrugh traffic Imprving transit service Strengthening cnnectins t dwntwn Bise While mst f the bvius pprtunities fr shrt-term develpment appear n the edges f the neighbrhd, there are als develpment pssibilities within the neighbrhd itself n infill sites. Given the 30th Street area s lcatin clse t dwntwn, demgraphic changes and the challenges f keeping husing affrdable, it is likely that there will be a demand fr a wider range f husing prducts in the 30th Street neighbrhds than what is nw available. These husing prducts will generally be at a density that is higher than current densities. Many cities have successfully integrated a variety f infill husing prducts such as rwhuses, twnhmes, apartments and cndminiums and attached husing f varius kinds int existing single family neighbrhds. Success usually depends mre n the hw rather than the what. Hw will infill develpments be designed and implemented? What building frms and materials are apprpriate? Hw strng are the design review criteria? Hw d they address neighbrhd cncerns? What enfrcement tls assure that infill plicies are successfully executed? Evlutin t a mre varied, mre urban neighbrhd fabric is best accmplished thrugh rigrus cntrls, mnitring f results and gd cmmunicatin between the city, neighbrhd residents and develpers. Respnsible develpers will respnd t these effrts as they reinfrce neighbrhd stability and enhance lng-term develpment pprtunities. Bradening husing chices and increasing densities thrugh infill develpment will help address neighbrhd gals t keep husing affrdable and t increase neighbrhd shpping and services. As the number f peple living in the neighbrhd increases, there is mre market supprt fr neighbrhd businesses. Smaller husehlds als have smewhat different needs than d active families. Cmmunity amenities becme increasingly imprtant t peple wh live alne. Access t cffee shps, churches r cmmunity centers, galleries, restaurants, and places that ffer human cntact and friendship will serve new residents and strengthen the neighbrhd as a whle. 3. Recgnize Private Investment Fllws Public Cmmitment Redevelping a relatively untested area, such as the 30th Street neighbrhd, is challenging. Prperty wners and develpers may be interested in changing an area, but hesitant t be the first. T attract new investment, the public sectr must shw cmmitment t the visin and develpment bjectives fr the area. This cmmitment can be demnstrated in several ways. Align public plicy with the gals and bjectives in the 30th Street master plan The City Cuncil establishes plicy thrugh its cmprehensive plan, plans such as the 30th Street master plan and zning, subdivisin and ther rdinances. At present, the develpment prpsals in this master plan depart smewhat frm the City s existing plans and rdinances. Revising these plicy dcuments s there is cnsistency will signal t the develpment cmmunity that there is supprt fr the develpment cncepts in the 30th Street Master Plan. 167

169 Use public investments in infrastructure t attract develpment Mst new develpment and redevelpment is the result f private investment prperty wners, develpers, financial institutins and investrs making decisins t undertake develpment prjects. Public agencies can encurage develpment t ccur by where they invest in infrastructure. Areas that have excellent public infrastructure and amenities radways, utilities, transit, schls, libraries, cmmunity centers, parks and trails attract investment frm develpers because they see an pprtunity t build n these assets. When a cmmunity decides redevelpment is needed in a particular area, ne f the first steps shuld be creating a plan fr infrastructure investments that supprts its redevelpment strategy. Since public resurces are ften scarce, pririties need t be set fr where investments will have maximum impact. The City f Bise and ACHD are in mtin t cnstruct majr public imprvement prjects in the near future: the Esther Simplt Park and the 30th Street Extensin. A cmmunity grup is fundraising and wrking with the city t build the River Recreatin Park in the Bise River next t the Esther Simplt Park. A cnsrtium f public agencies the City f Bise, ACHD, VRT, CCDC and COMPASS is actively pursuing building a streetcar system in dwntwn Bise, and extending a streetcar line t the 30th Street area has been discussed. Attentin shuld als be given t where there are existing assets that can jump start the redevelpment prcess. In the 30th Street area, these assets include the Bise River crridr, its greenbelt trail system and pnds; the Main-Fairview cuplet, State Street and 27th Street which prvide gd radway access and the extensive amunt f land in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts with lw barriers t redevelpment. Public investments demnstrate public cmmitment t an area. In these effrts, the public sectr shuld seek t stretch public resurces by chsing investments that will stimulate the greatest amunt f private investment. The typical rati achieved by public agencies invlved in redevelpment is 5:1, i.e., five dllars f private investment fr each ne dllar f public investment. The City f Bise and CCDC, if an urban renewal district is frmed, shuld strive t achieve at least this rati f private t public investment in the 30th Street planning area. The use f public investment as a way t leverage private investment is discussed further under Leverage Public Investment befre Building Public Imprvements later in this chapter. Use landhldings t generate catalyst develpment prjects The City f Bise wns several parcels f land in the Main-Fairview subdistrict, including a large prperty at a key lcatin n 30th Street between Main Street and Fairview Avenue. The city has the ability t define a develpment prgram fr this prperty and t seek develpment partners thrugh transferring the prperty t CCDC. The develpment prgram can be designed t prduce a prject that serves as a catalyst and a mdel fr what the city wants t happen in the 30 th Street area. 32 Land is a scarce cmmdity and ften expensive. Owning land in the Main-Fairview subdistrict gives the city a significant advantage it wuld nt therwise have. The city has the pprtunity t use these 32 CitySide Lfts, a newly cnstructed cndminium prject at 13 th and Myrtle streets, prvides an example f this apprach. The prject site is lcated in the River Street neighbrhd, which is part f the River Myrtle-Old Bise urban renewal district. One f the gals in the River Myrtle-Old Bise urban renewal plan is t rejuvenate this neighbrhd and add mre husing. CCDC assembled the land and entered int a dispsitin and develpment agreement with a develper that included a requirement that husing be included in the prject. CCDC als has the ability t write dwn the cst f redevelpment sites if certain Idah State Cde criteria are met, t prepare sites and pay fr public imprvements, and t ffer design assistance. All f these incentives were used t make CitySide Lfts feasible and mre successful. The prject was riginally prpsed with ffice and husing; it was later revised t be husing nly. It was the first wnership husing prject t be built in the River Street neighbrhd in decades. Cnstructin f the prject served as a signal that the River Street neighbrhd was underging a psitive transfrmatin and that, fr develpers and investrs, urban husing was an ptin wrth cnsidering. It prvides an anchr fr additinal residential develpment. 168

170 landhldings as levers t inspire and challenge private prperty wners and develpers t mve the 30th Street master plan frward. Crdinate and fcus staff assistance Fcusing n plan implementatin The simplest and least expensive tls are administrative, but they can make a significant difference in the develpment climate fr peple seeking t build prjects in the 30th Street area. The implementatin matrix (Table 14) calls fr an interagency team t mnitr prgress n implementing the 30th Street master plan. The team wuld include bth plicymakers and technical staff and have representatin frm the City f Bise, ACHD, ITD, VRT, CCDC, Bise City Schl District and the stakehlders in the planning area. This team wuld be the keepers f the flame. It wuld wrk t maintain mmentum and remve barriers. Each year the interagency team wuld review prgress n the 30th Street implementatin matrix and the five-year capital prgram and make recmmendatins t their respective agencies n hw t keep the master plan mving frward. The team wuld serve as advcates fr the 30th Street area when funding pririties and budgets are decided. Key t a successful redevelpment strategy is a single pint-persn t whm all interested parties develpers, investrs, businesses, etc. can be referred. Ideally this individual becmes the g t persn fr anyne interested in the area. Ideal candidates fr this rle shuld include a range f capabilities and experiences knwledge f real estate develpment, public administratin, neighbrhd revitalizatin, and ecnmic develpment wuld be mst beneficial. The implementatin matrix calls fr the City f Bise t identify a pint persn fr the 30th Street area t fcus n implementatin f the master plan. This persn wuld serve as an advcate and spkespersn fr the plan. This persn wuld mnitr prgress n capital prjects, serve as an mbudsman fr develpers prpsing prjects, and respnd t questins and issues n a day-t-day basis. It is likely that during the peak years f redevelpment in the 30th Street area that this wrk wuld require a dedicated, full-time persn. If an urban renewal district is frmed, this persn culd wrk fr CCDC r culd act a liaisn t CCDC fr the area lcated in the district. CCDC wuld take primary respnsibility fr advcacy, develpment partnerships and capital prjects in the urban renewal district and wuld crdinate with the liaisn. CCDC wuld als be n the interagency team. Fcusing n general city services The quality f general city services makes a difference in the health f neighbrhd areas and can supprt redevelpment effrts. Services like neighbrhd planning, parks and recreatin, develpment review, cde enfrcement, public safety and parking are imprtant especially in lder neighbrhds like the 30th Street area. The implementatin matrix recmmends that a neighbrhd assistance team be frmed fr this area, which will crdinate the delivery f city services. It als includes a specific recmmendatin n initiating a cde enfrcement educatin and cmpliance prgram (see 1.4 and 1.33 in Table 14) Streamline the review prcess fr prjects that implement the master plan The City f Bise s Planning & Develpment Services Department (PDS) will administer the regulatry framewrk that gverns review f develpment prjects. As nted earlier, bth the city s cmprehensive plan and zning rdinance need t be amended t create cnsistency with the 30th Street Master Plan, and bth are underging revisin at this time. The city can create an incentive fr develpers t meet master plan gals and bjectives by streamlining the develpment review prcess 169

171 and reslving issues quickly fr these prjects that implement the 30th Street Master Plan. The implementatin matrix recmmends that the city use its prject management system t achieve this result. Remve barriers The City f Bise and CCDC have been active in remving barriers t redevelpment in the city s existing urban renewal districts. These actins have included: Building parking facilities. Creating parking verlay districts which reduce r eliminate parking requirements fr private develpment where public parking facilities are available r where they serve an ecnmic develpment purpse. Obtaining federal funds thrugh the U.S. Envirnmental Prtectin Agency and the Idah Department f Envirnmental Quality t inventry, evaluate and remediate brwnfield sites. Using cmmunity develpment blck grant funds frm Bise City t upgrade intersectins s they cmply with Americans with Disabilities (ADA) standards. Apprving a building cde amendment t allw five flrs (rather than fur nly) f wd frame cnstructin ver a cncrete pdium, thus allwing an increase in husing densities and the pssibility f keeping husing mre affrdable. The City f Bise and CCDC shuld cntinue these effrts in the 30th Street area. Prvide ther types f assistance The City f Bise, n its wn r with partners, culd ffer ther types f assistance t mve implementatin f the 30th Street master plan frward. These include: Investing city funds in land assembly Prviding seed mney fr redevelpment activities in the early stages f any urban renewal district until tax increment is available. Investing in the arts as a key cmpnent f building cmmunity in the 30th Street area. Dedicating impact fees cllected frm develpment prjects in the planning area, and/r parking meter revenue frm the planning area t imprvements in the area Adjusting fee schedules t prvide incentives t prjects that meet plan gals Frming lcal imprvement districts t assist prperty wners in financing public imprvements. Securing grants and prviding lcal match funds fr prjects and prgrams that benefit 170

172 4. Leverage Public Investment befre Building Public Imprvements Whenever such public infrastructure prjects are in mtin, public agencies shuld lk fr ways t leverage these investments int private develpment that carries frward the cmmunity s ecnmic develpment gals. In the case f the 30th Street area, the city and its public agency partners shuld talk with prperty wners, develpers and investrs abut its redevelpment gals and planned infrastructure investments in the area befre these imprvements are built. The city shuld set a gal fr hw much private sectr investment ccurs in the vicinity f its public investment. As a general rule, a healthy public-private investment rati is in the range f $4-$5 f private investment fr every $1 f public investment. Alliances with prperty wners and develpers f adjacent sites shuld be sught t achieve the city s ecnmic develpment and redevelpment gals. There are tw tls available t the city which wuld be very helpful in this endeavr. First, the city has the ability t create an urban renewal district in part r all f the 30th Street area. CCDC, the city s urban renewal agency, has access t tax increment financing and has the ability t partner with develpers n infrastructure investments. Secnd, the city and CCDC are spearheading the wrk t build a streetcar system with service t the 30th Street area. The use f these tls shuld be tied t specific agreements with develpers. The public wuld demnstrate its willingness t use these tls as incentives as lng as there is a crrespnding cmmitment by the private sectr t invest in develpment prjects, thus achieving beneficial results fr bth parties. 5. Create Pulse Pints f Develpment Activity in Opprtunity Areas Redevelping the 30th Street area will take time. Clearly it cannt be dne all at nce and it requires bth private and public investment. New develpment will d best if cmplimentary uses such as husing, ffices and retail and service businesses are clustered int pulse pints f activity rather than being islated in scattered lcatins. Identifying lcatins where activity centers are desired allws the public and private sectrs in cmplimentary ways, allws the public sectr t fcus its investments in infrastructure and increases the impact f scarce public resurces. Creating a critical mass f develpment creates a destinatin that will create interest and attract mre investment. It shws the develpment cmmunity Activity centers als ffer a mre sustainable pattern f develpment where peple can live, wrk, shp, dine and friends with less need f driving. Successful urban pulse pints shuld have a pedestrian ambience, encuraging the use f alternative mdes f transprtatin. In the 30th Street area, the majrity f the land is in residential neighbrhds develped with single family huses. There are sme duplexes, apartment cmplexes and infill skinny huse develpments. The 30th Street plan identifies tw majr develpment pprtunity areas n the periphery f the neighbrhds Main- Fairview and ITD subdistricts. New develpment and redevelpment shuld be fcused in these lcatins since there is a large supply f vacant and underdevelped land, with gd access and few barriers t develpment, and sufficient rm t create a true pulse pint. Emphasizing these lcatins allws the public sectr t fcus its investment in infrastructure and increase its catalytic effect n private investment. While mst f the bvius pprtunities fr develpment appear n the edges f the neighbrhd, there are tw smaller pprtunities fr pulse pints at 27th Street and Stewart and 30th Street and Pleasantn. The 27th and Stewart intersectin ffers the pssibility f creating a neighbrhd cmmercial district, building ff an existing grcery stre and taking advantage f underdevelped land n the nrth side f Stewart. Retail and service businesses culd be clustered at this lcatin and culd be cmbined with sme medium density husing. Creating this pulse pint wuld als satisfy the neighbrhd s desire fr a gathering place and mre neighbrhd services. Revisins t zning and planned radway and streetscape imprvements t 27th Street and Stewart wuld signal t the private sectr that there is public supprt fr develpment at this lcatin. 171

173 The 30th and Pleasantn intersectin presents an pprtunity fr develpment f a specialty restaurant adjacent t Idah River Sprts, and husing alng the east side f the 30th Street Extensin, where units wuld have a view f Esther Simplt Park. 6. Use Transit as an Added Asset t Attract Develpment Wrk is underway t build the first phase f a dwntwn streetcar system, and extending a streetcar line t the Main-Fairview subdistrict as the secnd phase is being discussed. During the public frums held n the 30th Street Master Plan, citizens expressed a strng desire that the dwntwn streetcar be extended t the 30th Street neighbrhd s a strng cnnectin is made between this neighbrhd and dwntwn Bise. Likewise, plans are mving frward t establish bus rapid transit service n State Street with a stp at State and the 30th Street Extensin. This stp wuld serve the ITD subdistrict and cnnect it t dwntwn Bise and pints west. It is imprtant t remember that having transit services available t develpment pprtunity areas des nt necessarily guarantee the success f develpment prjects built there. Prjects must have market supprt and be viable n their regardless f the availability f transit services. Office develpment depends primarily n grwth in emplyment and retail develpment depends n grwth in the custmer base. Husing starts depend n ppulatin grwth and husehld frmatin rates, which depend n the jb base and sciecnmic trends such as husehld size, prprtin f peple wh are emplyed versus retired and whether the Treasure Valley cntinues t attract jbs and retirees. The presence f transit is an added asset that makes a develpment site mre attractive in cmparisn t ther ptins. Having transit services cnnecting the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts t dwntwn and t the larger transit netwrk differentiates these areas frm ther develpment pssibilities and will likely attract mre f the market than wuld therwise cme. Transit availability helps shape grwth that wuld happen anyway int the mre cmpact, transit-riented frm that the city is seeking t encurage. As autmbile travel becmes mre expensive, transit availability will likely becme mre imprtant t develpers lcatin decisins because the develpers custmers will see it as mre imprtant. The fundamental fact is that develpers, lenders and investrs will always need market supprt fr develpment prjects t be successful. By understanding this market reality, the public sectr can be mre realistic in its expectatins fr the impact f the transit n develpment activity. 7. Anticipate Evlutin: Create Tls that Assure Quality Develpment Cities are in a cnstant state f change. Neighbrhds, depending upn their lcatin in a city, may be relatively immune t significant change r may be directly in the path f frces bringing transfrmatin. The 30th Street neighbrhd is ripe fr rapid evlutin. In the shrt term, cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin will shift traffic patterns and make the neighbrhd suth f State Street much mre visible. Develpment f the Esther Simplt Park will create a destinatin in the area that will bring mre visitrs and acquaint them with a neighbrhd that is clse t the Bise River crridr and clse t dwntwn. Lnger term, the significant supply f vacant and underdevelped land in the area prvides a way fr the market place t satisfy a desire t live and wrk clse t these amenities and t shrten cmmute distances. If the redevelpment gals fr the 30th Street area are achieved, the area will ffer premiere urban activity centers that ffer a sustainable and satisfying lifestyle. It will attract a significant amunt f new develpment and becme a reginal destinatin, which in turn will attract mre investment and mre develpment. Fr these reasns, change is likely t happen in the 30th Street area. The planning prcess that prduced this master plan recgnized that it is imprtant t guide change. Guiding change requires rules. The City f Bise is ultimately the spnsr f the 30th Street Master Plan and is respnsible fr the regulatry framewrk that gverns develpment in this area. The cmprehensive plan and zning rdinance must be revised t implement the 30th Street master plan. New mixed use zning categries are needed t achieve the type and intensity f develpment desired, and design guidelines are needed t set a high standard fr building design 172

174 and materials. A majr revisin t the city s zning rdinance is underway as part f the Blueprint Bise prject, and design guidelines are being develped. By setting the bar high frm the utset, the city will create an envirnment where develpers must strive fr design excellence t be cmpetitive in the marketplace. Successful develpers understand the benefit f gd cntrls. They understand that building in a cmmunity where the rules are clear, the prcess is fair, and the standards are high all cntribute t sund investment. The City and the neighbrhd shuld nt expect r accept anything less than quality develpment. The regulatry prcess shuld quickly srt ut thse develpers and builders wh are willing t be part f the success and hnr the City and neighbrhd desires fr psitive and meaningful change. 8. Demnstrate Leadership A key factr in any master plan s successful implementatin is leadership. Cmmitted leadership is needed at a variety f levels starting with the Mayr s Office and City Cuncil and including City departments, varius public agencies that cntribute t change r are respnsible fr capital investments such as ACHD, ITD, VRT and CCDC and cmmunity stakehlders. Leadership means champining the master plan s visin and gals, wrking fr psitive change in keeping with the visin and gals; encuraging the neighbrhd, develpers and investrs t becme partners in implementing the plan; supprting the prcess with strng but fair plicies and regulatins; cmmitting public capital and creating incentives t encurage investment; and streamlining the review prcess when develpers meet plan gals and prpse quality prjects. Transfrming a neighbrhd is hard wrk. It requires a slid visin, a gd plan and substantial financial resurces. Hwever, thse ingredients will nt be enugh t change the area unless a grup f peple decide t hld themselves accuntable fr implementing the visin and using scarce resurces intelligently. Here is what cmmunity leadership culd d: Share a cmmn bjective t make 30th Street redevelpment a success, and be accuntable fr bth the successes and the failures. Create and enfrce a timeline fr achieving bth small and large bjectives f this plan. Cmmunicate the gals f the master plan t prperty wners, develpers and the investment cmmunity and wrk t gain their cmmitment t these gals. Prvide funding and supprt partnerships t advance develpment f the 30th Street Extensin and the Esther Simplt and River Recreatin parks. Agree t make changes in their wn rganizatins, plicies and regulatins t make implementatin f master plan gals easier, and t make certain these changes ccur. Cntinue the current wrk t build cmmunity pride, identity and chesin. Leadership needs t be exercised nt nly at the cmmunity level but als in the day-t-day management f the implementatin prgram fr the 30th Street area. In every successful prject f this type, there is always smene whse jb it is t make things happen. This is traditinally a gvernment psitin, thugh smetimes it is a rle perfrmed by a prperty wner, develper r citizen activist. The City can demnstrate its cmmitment t a revitalized 30th Street planning area by identifying and supprting an advcate fr the 30th Street master plan and its implementatin. 173

175 Specific Initiatives & Redevelpment Tls The cmmunity s visin fr the 30th Street planning area will be mst successful if implemented thrugh a variety f actins specifically designed and custmized t achieve success in each subdistrict described in the master plan. It must be recgnized that the cllectin f strategies, tls, and incentives used t redevelp the Main-Fairview subdistrict and ITD subdistrict may nt be apprpriate fr either the neighbrhd cmmercial center at 27th and Stewart r the specialty cmmercial and residential area prpsed between Pleasantn and Regan n the 30th Street Extensin. This sectin identifies initiatives and redevelpment tls that can be used separately r in cmbinatin in rder t mve the 30th Street plan frward. 9. Strengthen Cmmunity Ties thrugh Arts, Culture, Histry & Public Spaces A key gal f this plan is t vigrusly celebrate arts, culture and histry in the 30th Street area thrugh hlding events and wrkshps, attracting galleries and artist studis and creating cultural facilities, t use arts and culture t create identity and a sense f cmmunity in the 30th Street area and t stimulate its ecnmic revitalizatin. Pssibilities abund in the 30th Street area fr the arts, culture and histry t play an imprtant rle in creating identity, bringing diverse peple tgether and strengthening the sense f cmmunity. Neighbrhd leaders have nted that the 30th Street area is hme t many immigrant families wh have cme t Bise frm arund the wrld. They want t find ways t celebrate this cultural diversity including the pssibility f building a multicultural center ffering events and activities that wuld draw peple frm the Bise cmmunity and the regin. Cultural events prvide a meeting grund fr neighbrhd residents and business wners, establish shared experiences and traditins and strengthen neighbrhd chesin. A thriving arts scene is als an imprtant ecnmic develpment generatr in additin t the intrinsic benefits the arts prvide the cmmunity.11 Cmmunities with a rich variety f arts and cultural fferings are viewed as livable, attractive cmmunities they draw business investment, a skilled wrkfrce, turism and cnventin activity, and peple lking t relcate r retire. Cultural facilities ften serve as catalysts in effrts t revitalize dwntwns and first ring neighbrhds such as the 30th Street area. In areas that have been left behind by ecnmic shifts like the warehuse districts in dwntwn Bise r in Garden City artists and arts rganizatins have been early pineers in effrts t transfrm them int vibrant new places. The Main-Fairview subdistrict, with its abundant supply f vacant and underutilized land, its prximity t the Bise River crridr and Esther Simplt Park, and ready access t the regin ffers an excellent setting fr cultural events and facilities. The preferred develpment cncept fr this subdistrict includes a central square and riverfrnt parkland, which culd incrprate perfrmance spaces. Offering arts and cultural events wuld bring visitrs t this area, and wuld make the area mre attractive as a place t live and wrk. Peple activity creates market supprt fr the preferred develpment cncept and the desired mix f uses retail, restaurants, ldging, ffices and husing. 10. Align Plans, Regulatins & Review Prcedures Zning is n the key tls fr implementing any lng-range plan fr develpment. In the City f Bise, the cmprehensive plan and plans adpted by reference t be a part f the cmprehensive plan establish a visin and desired directin fr the lng-term grwth f the cmmunity. This directin is expressed in gals, bjectives and guidelines. The Bise City Zning Ordinance actually regulates hw prperty wnes can use their prperty. It als includes criteria that are applied when a prperty wner r develper requests apprval fr a develment prpsal. One f these criteria is usually whether r nt the prpsal is cnsistent with the cmprehensive plan. 174

176 Taking steps s the cmprehensive plan, the zning rdinance and the 30th Street Master Plan are in basic agreement regarding the types f develpment permitted in the 30th Street planning area, and what gals and bjectives shuld be met by develpment prjects prpsed fr this area is imprtant t successful implementatin f the master plan. It is als imprtant fr the City Cuncil t adpt the 30th Street Master Plan as a part f the cmprehensive plan s it will becme part f the criteria used in making decisins n develpment prjects. In anticipatin f this master plan being adpted as part f the cmprehensive plan, the fllwing elements are hereby identified as capturing the essence f this plan and as such shuld be used in the review f develpment prjects t determine cnsistency with the plan: Visin and Desired Outcmes Chapter 1 Key Gals Chapter 1 Overarching Themes Chapter 3 Areawide Plans Chapter 4 General Design & Develpment Guidelines Chapter 5 Subdistrict Plans Chapter 5 Any guidance dcuments such as an areawide streetscape plan fr the 30th Street planning area called fr in the Implementatin Matrix and duly adpted by the City Cuncil. 11. Prepare Capital Investment Plan The 30th Street Master Plan envisins an ambitius prgram f capital investments such the Esther Simplt Park, 30th Street Extensin, land acquisitin, public plazas and parks, street recnstructin and streetscapes. These prjects require significant resurces and frward planning. A capital investment plan (CIP) is tl used by public agencies t systematically prject future revenues and expenditurse and schedule future capital prjects fr five t ten years in the future. The first year f the planning perid becmes part f the agency s adpted budget. Capital prjects have been allcated funds in the budget and there is a high liklihd that they will be implemented. The remaining years cnstitute a plan (nt a budget r binding cmmitemnt). Each succeeding year, revenue and expenditure prjects ae updated and the CIP is adjustted as needed befre the upcming year is advanced in the agency s adpted budget and a new year is added t the end f the planning perid. 33 It shuld be nted that a CIP des nt guarantee that all f these prjects will be dne. Over time, the resurces available and the csts fr prjects may be mre r less than the prjectins. The CIP is usually 33 Preparing a capital investment is als a prerequisite fr frming an urban renewal district. Idah State Cde requires that a ecnmic feasibility study be dne which shws: - Assumptins abut the amunt, type and timing f develpment that wuld ccur during the planning perid. Develpment assumptins are used t estimate the amutn f prperty tax that wuld flw t the urban renewal agency frm the urban renewal district. - Estimates f ther likely surces f funding. - Cst estimates fr ptential prjects the urban renewal agency wuld undertake t revitalize the district. These prjects are intended t be catalysts that will trigger private investment in the district. The purpse f the ecnmic feasibility study is t shw hw the funds will be used and whether sufficient funds will be available t pay fr the prpsed prjects. 175

177 reviewed and adjusted each year. The Implementatin Matrix includes preparing a 10-year capital investment plan fr the 30th Street area which wuld be updated each year. The CIP can keep attentin fcused n capital prjects that need t be funded in the 30th Street area and t track prgress tward implementing the master plan. 12. Frm an Urban Renewal District One f the ptins available t Bise City is t frm an urban renewal district and revenue allcatin area fr part r all f the master plan area. 34 Frming an urban renewal district and revenue allcatin area gives access t tls nt therwise available. The mst significant ne is capturing the prperty taxes generated by increases in prperty value fr reinvestment in the district, mst ften referred t as tax increment. These funds can be used fr public imprvements such as streets, sidewalks, streetscape, utilities, parks, plazas and parking facilities. They can als be used fr land acquistin and dispsitin with the ability t cntribute sme r all f the land cst t develpment prject as part f a public-private partnership if certain Idah State Cde criteria are met. The amunt prduced by revenue allcatin is mdest during the early years f an urban renewal district and mre substantial in the later years. The initial step in frming an urban renewal district is t determine if the planning area meets at least ne f the criteria in State Cde as a deterirated r deterirating area in State Cde. These criteria include lack f r deterirated infrastructure, defective r inadequate street layut, faulty lt layuts, deterirating buildings and cnditins that impair sund grwth r retard prvisin f adequate husing. If the city cuncil certifies that ne r mre f these cnditins are present, an urban renewal plan and financial plan fr reinvestment and revitalizatin wuld need t be prepared and adpted by the city cuncil. The financial plan wuld included anticipated public imprvements. As the City s urban renewal agency, CCDC has prepared these plans fr the three existing urban renewal districts, and wuld mst likely prepare an urban renewal plan fr the 30th Street planning area. The wrk dne in preparing the 30th Street master plan wuld be the fundatin f the urban renewal plan. Once the urban renewal district and revenue allcatin area were frmed, CCDC wuld be the primary implementing agency fr the urban renewal prgram. Bise City and CCDC wuld need t assess if CCDC culd undertake an urban renewal prgram and prvide a prject manager in the 30th Street planning area with its existing staff, r if additinal staff resurces wuld need t be added. The tw agencies wuld need t develp a game plan fr funding the start-up csts f a new district during the perid when revenue allcatin funds are mdest. If an urban renewal district were frmed, there may be a series f prjects that invlve City-CCDC teams with an identified prject manager frm each agency, prjects managed by CCDC where a City liaisn, prjects where CCDC perates independently r a cmbinatin f these appraches. 34 Idah State Cde limits the term f an urban renewal district t 24 years. It wuld be inadvisable t frm a district where there is a high degree f uncertainty when redevelpment activities might begin. Much f the district s term culd be spent in inactivity. When a new urban renewal district is frmed, Idah State Cde limits the cllective base prperty value cntained in any existing urban renewal districts and the new prpsed district t n mre than 10% f the ttal assessed value f the municipality in which the districts are lcated. The size f each successive urban renewal district shuld be as cmpact as pssible t preserve the ability t frm future urban renewal districts shuld they be needed. In additin, hw the urban renewal district bundary is drawn affects, t sme degree, ptential revenues and demands fr resurces. Evaluating the list f ptential urban renewal prjects t determine their relative pririty and their csts, and defining the district s the prspects are gd fr generating sufficient resurces t accmplish higher pririty prjects withut taking n excessive csts fr lwer pririty prjects, increases the likelihd that the mst imprtant gals will be accmplished. 176

178 13. Implement a Cmprehensive Parking Strategy A key issue affecting bth current prspects and future ptential fr redevelpment is parking. At present, all develpment within the 30th Street planning area is required t prvide parking at the custmary ratis in the city s zning rdinance. The rdinance requires that parking be prvided n site but allws fr ff-site parking t satisfy these requirements, and fr parking reductins if apprved by the Planning & Zning Cmmissin. The city has created parking verlay districts which reduce r eliminate parking requirements fr private develpment where public parking facilities are available r where they serve an ecnmic develpment purpse. There are n parking verlay districts in place in the 30th Street area at this time. The requirement t prvide n-site parking affects the ecnmics f private develpment prjects and the densities that can be achieved. Depending n the lcatin f the prject, parking may r may nt be essential t the prject s success. Peple need transprtatin t make cnnectins between residences, wrkplaces, shpping and ther services and activities. When prjects are lcated in a mre suburban r rural setting, driving is ften the nly transprtatin ptin. When prjects are lcated in mixed use urban centers where land uses are lcated clse tgether and walking, bicycling and transit are practical transprtatin alternatives, peple are able t meet mst f their daily needs withut driving. Land use patterns and the range f transprtatin available affect whether peple have t use cars r have ther ptins. Parking is nly needed when peple use autmbiles fr transprtatin. This master plan includes develpment targets fr the 30th Street planning ver the next 25 years: 382,000 square feet f cmmercial space, 550,000 square feet f ffice space, 1,295-1,825 new husing units and 250 htel rms. It calls fr significant intensificatin f uses in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. These targets raise the issue f hw much additinal parking will be needed and hw it will be supplied. The master plan estimates that 4,100-5,050 parking spaces are needed t supprt these tw activity centers. The parking ratis used t generate these estimates assume that parking demand will be lwer in these mixed use centers than current parking requirements. This sectin utlines recmmended steps fr implementing the Parking Plan in Chapter 4. Successfully implementing these steps requires a cmprehensive apprach t parking by prperty wners, develpers, business wners and gvernment agencies and a willingness t wrk tgether. Minimize the amunt f parking needed, and maximize its utilizatin. Create places with a well-integrated mix f land uses and multimdal transprtatin ptins. The need fr parking is reduced when uses needed by peple n a daily basis are lcated clse tgether, and they can rely mre n transit, bicycling and walking than n driving t meet these needs. When uses are segregated and separated by distance, cars are ften the nly practical way fr peple t meet their everyday needs. In mixed use envirnments, driving and parking demand g dwn because peple can leave their cars at hme r park nce and walk, bike r ride transit t multiple destinatins as they g abut their daily activities. Uses that have ffsetting hurs can share parking. Increase utilizatin f existing parking facilities t reduce the need t build new facilities. Survey existing parking resurces bth public and private n a regular basis t measure utilizatin and wrk with parking suppliers t increase utilizatin. Establish an infrmatin exchange between landlrds, prperty managers, business wners and parking peratrs n wh needs parking and wh has parking available. Develp a shared parking pl. Eliminate assigned parking spaces in emplyee parking lts and use versell capacity t bst utilizatin. 177

179 Treat parking as a shared resurce. Manage parking in each f the develpment pprtunity areas as a shared resurce t maximize the use f existing parking resurces and lessen the demand fr and expense f building new parking facilities. It will take willingness t think abut parking in a new way and t enter int cperative agreements t put this apprach int peratin. Wrk with e t make private parking available after hurs fr public use. Reduce parking demand. Parking demand management reduces the amunt f parking spaces needed by ffering peple alternatives t driving. These strategies culd include emplyer incentives t encurage emplyees t carpl, use transit, bicycle r walk t wrk. Staggering wrk hurs r shifts s that parking spaces each space is usually full. Imprving transit service wuld encurage peple t use this alternative. Create an effective cmbinatin f n-street, surface and structured parking. Develp an verall parking plan fr the ITD and Main-Fairview subdistricts. Wrk with a cnsrtium f prperty wners, develpers, and public agencies t develp strategies fr sharing parking resurces in the develpment pprtunity areas. Develp innvative ways t finance cnstructin f parking facilities thrugh private-private, publicprivate and public-public partnerships. Develp parking ratis fr the 30 th Street Planning Area Develp parking ratis fr mixed use, pedestrian riented urban centers that recgnize the unique parking demand characteristics in these areas and incrprate these ratis int the Bise City Zning Ordinance. Establish parking verlay districts. Utilize parking verlay districts in the develpment pprtunity sites t stimulate ecnmic develpment. Establish a parking verlay district fr the service area f any public parking garage. Encurage prperty wners t phase ut surface parking lts. Develp strategies t encurage prperty wners and develpers t replace surface parking lts with parking structures, r t phase ut the use f surface parking lts when ther parking alternatives becme available. Use parking garages as catalysts fr ecnmic develpment. Recgnize the ecnmic develpment impact f parking garages in lcating and designing these facilities. Utilize public parking garages t stimulate private investment. Emphasize quality in the design f parking facilities. Parking facilities have an impact n the aesthetics f their surrundings. Establish design guidelines fr surface parking lts and parking structures s they make a psitive cntributin t the urban fabric. In preparing these guidelines, fllw the bjectives utlined in Chapter 4.3: Parking Plan. 178

180 14. Fster Cllabratin and Cperatin between Prperty Owners The map f prperty wnership clearly shws that the 30th Street planning area is cmprised f many small sized parcels held by different wners (see Figure 66). Few parcels f land within the area are large enugh t affect the types f develpment described as desirable in the cmmunity s visin. T achieve the Master Plan visin a and secure the critical mass f develpment needed fr financial success in the current develpment markets, prperty wners will need t cllabrate n redevelpment effrts. ea The ability t achieve the mix f uses, urban frms and densities desired within the master plan eases when parcel sizes reach a certain threshld. Larger rather than smaller parcels als make it easier t address parking needs and t supply parking in structures rather than surface parking lts. The city and CCDC, if an urban renewal district is frmed, can encurage cllabratin and land assembly in several ways. Letting prperty 179

181 wners and develpers knw that there is a master plan fr the area prmtes big picture thinking. The plan can be used as a marketing and mtivatinal tl t inspire peple t design prjects with larger verall gals in mind rather than fcusing nly n individual gals. In additin CCDC has made it a practice t encurage prperty wners t talk with each ther. Facilitating these cnversatins ften leads t cllabratin and public-private r private-private partnerships as peple see the benefits f wrking tgether. The public sectr can bring residents, prperty wners, develpers, investrs and ther stakehlders tgether and wrk t create an envirnment in which these players will interact in a mutually beneficial manner. 15. Create Partnerships The City f Bise is ultimately respnsible fr the implementatin f this Plan. The City s Planning & Develpment Services Department (PDS) is expected t take a lead rle in accmplishing the visin and rchestrating the wrk f a variety f partners t realize the redevelpment bjectives that have been identified. As nted abve, if an urban renewal district is frmed, CCDC wuld have the primary respnsibility fr implementing the urban renewal plan within the bundary f the district. This wrk typically invlves advcating fr the plan and fr develpment prjects that carry the plan frward, develpment partnerships, building public imprvements like streets and streetscape, plazas and parks, parking facilities, utility undergrunding, seeking grant funding and recmmending rdinance changes. It is likely that the district will be smaller than the planning area used fr the 30th Street master plan and that the City f Bise and CCDC wuld wrk in partnership t implement the master plan. Varius city departments including the Parks & Recreatin Department, Public Wrks, Husing and Cmmunity Develpment, Arts and Histry and Parking Services will als serve imprtant rles. The Parks & Recreatin Department will take the lead in establishing a detailed plan and develping the Esther Simplt Park and River Recreatin Park and in any issues related t the Bise River Greenbelt. Transprtatin issues including street design and redesign, cnstructin and peratins, access cntrl and driveway cnslidatin will invlve ACHD and ITD. Transit issues such as bus service, bus stps and the pssible extensin f a streetcar line t the 30th Street area will invlve Valley Reginal Transit. ITD will als have a critical rle in the implementatin f the 30th Street master plan because it wns mst f the land in the ITD subdistrict. At present, this agency is aware f the 30th Street master plan but it is unknwn at what pint ITD wuld be interested in preparing a master plan and develpment prgram fr the unused part f the its site, recnfiguring the site, relcating r selling the prperty. Initiating a dialgue with ITD is identified under Phase One f the implementatin prgram. ITD has expressed a willingness t wrk with ACHD and the City f Bise t implement the preferred design cncept fr the 30th Street Extensin including the streetscape where this radway brders ITD s prperty. Additinal partners and participants in the implementatin prcess shuld include: the Dwntwn Bise Assciatin (DBA), Bise Metr Chamber f Cmmerce (BCC), the Ada Cunty Assciatin f Realtrs, Veterans, Sunset and Nrth End Neighbrhd Assciatins, and the Bise Valley Ecnmic Partnership (BVEP). There may als be an pprtunity t create new rganizatins r advisry grups that prvide leadership fr implementing recmmendatins fr a specific subdistrict. 180

182 Implementatin Phasing Plan A recmmended phasing strategy has been develped fr the key implementatin steps utlined abve. The recmmended phasing is based upn a preliminary critical path analysis, prjected availability f funding, and existing develpment plans. A 20-year implementatin timeline with fur phases is described belw. Specific actin steps fr each phase are listed in Table 14: Implementatin Matrix. When an implementatin actin in Phase One cntinues int later phases, it is s nted althugh the actin is listed again under each phase where it is expected t ccur. As a result, the implementatin matrix serves as a checklist f activities fr each phase and can be used t evaluate prgress tward implementatin f the master plan. The implementatin matrix includes an annual review f the recmmended actin steps fr each phase, recgnizing that ver time adjustments t the actins and their timing will likely be needed. It is difficult if nt impssible t predict what will happen ver the 24-year life f this master plan and a certain amunt f flexibility is needed t adjust redevelpment pririties and prgrams as circumstances change, i.e. hw the plan gals are t be achieved. At the same time, the verall gals and develpment cncepts are expected t remain reasnably stable ver time. Phase One: First Three Years The first phase f implementatin fcuses n creating an rganizatinal structure t carry frward redevelpment initiatives; capital planning and advancing key capital prjects; establishing the regulatry framewrk fr new develpment; evaluating if an urban renewal district shuld be frmed and hw city-wned prperties culd be used as catalysts; and establishing and maintaining cntact with prperty wners, develpers and neighbrhd residents. Phase Tw: Years Three thrugh Seven Phase Tw includes cmpleting majr capital prjects intended as catalysts fr private investment; redesigning 27th Street, initiating develpment f city-wned prperties in the Main-Fairview subdistrict, and creating a develpment strategy fr the ITD, Park View and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts. Phase Three: Years Eight t Twelve Phase 3 fcuses n recnstructin f Main and Fairview, extensin f the dwntwn streetcar t the 30th Street area, acceleratin f develpment in the Main-Fairview subdistrict, initial develpment f the ITD, Park View and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts and streetscaping imprvements t key streets in the neighbrhd. Phase Fur: Years Thirteen t Twenty-Fur Phase 4 anticipates that the wrk dne in Phases 1-3 will trigger a steady stream f private develpment activity in the develpment pprtunity areas and n infill sites in the 30th Street neighbrhds. Cnstructin f majr capital prjects and any land assembly shuld be cmplete by Phase 4. These activities will likely invlve sme frm f debt financing such as a lcal imprvement district, tax anticipatin ntes r bnds. Paying back the debt becmes a majr fcus in Phase 4, leaving fewer resurces fr prjects 181

183 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years PHASE ONE: IMMEDIATE The first phase f implementatin fcuses n creating an rganizatinal structure t carry frward redevelpment initiatives; capital planning and advancing key capital prjects; establishing the regulatry framewrk fr new develpment; evaluating if an urban renewal district shuld be frmed and hw city-wned prperties culd be used as catalysts; and establishing and maintaining cntact with prperty wners, develpers and neighbrhd residents. Recmmended implementatin steps in Phase One are listed belw. When an implementatin actin in Phase One cntinues int later phases, it is s nted. These cntinuing actins are again under each phase where it is expected t ccur, except fr the nes listed under Organizatinal Structure and Planning & Regulatry Framewrk (Items 1.1 thrugh 1.12). As a result, this matrix serves as a checklist f activities that are expected t ccur in each phase and can be used t evaluate prgress tward implementatin f the master plan. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE 1.1 Create an interagency team fcused n redevelpment f the 30th Street planning area, including City f Bise, ACHD, ITD, VRT, CCDC, and the Bise City Schl District. The team shuld include bth plicymakers, technical staff, representatives frm the planning area and a representative frm the arts cmmunity. Develp a purpse statement and gals and bjectives fr the team and identify an individual wh will crdinate its wrk. Use this team t crdinate effrts, maintain mmentum and remve barriers t successful redevelpment f the 30th Street planning area. BC, ACHD, ITD, VRT, CCDC, BCSD, VPNA (3) Using the interagency team, cnduct an annual review f the implementatin matrix t determine if the actin steps and the phasing plan need t be adjusted. Use the results f this review in develping the annual capital investment plan (see Item 1.3). Using the interagency team, create a lng-term capital investment plan fr the 30th Street planning area fr the fur phases f implementatin. Each year, establish a five-year capital plan and wrking capital budget fr the upcming year. Update the lng-term and five year capital plan as part f the annual review t respnd t availability f funding, lcatin f develpment activity and investment pririties. Frm a neighbrhd assistance team with representatives frm city departments that wuld crdinate n-ging city services in the 30th Street planning area such as neighbrhd planning, parks and recreatin, develpment review, cde enfrcement, public safety and parking. Invite the ACHD t participate n the neighbrhd assistance team. Wrk with CCDC t evaluate if an urban renewal district shuld be frmed in part r all f the 30th Street planning area. Identify areas where an urban renewal tls and resurces wuld be beneficial, and prceed with district frmatin in thse areas. BC. ACHD, ITD, VRT, CCDC, BCSD, VPNA (3) BC, ACHD, ITD, VRT, CCDC, BCSD, VPNA (3) BC BC. CCDC, VPNA

184 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years PLANNING & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK Incrprate the six Livability Principles defined by the federal Department f Husing and Urban Develpment in implementing the 30th Street Area Master Plan. Develp mixed use zning designatins that will serve t implement the 30th Street master plan and revise the Bise City Zning Ordinance t incrprate these designatins. Obtain cmmunity input n prpsed zning designatins. Rezne the develpment pprtunity sites as apprpriate. Develp parking ratis fr mixed use, pedestrian riented urban centers that recgnize the unique parking demand characteristics in these areas and incrprate these ratis int the Bise City Zning Ordinance. Evaluate if parking verlay districts shuld be applied in the develpment pprtunity sites. Wrk with prperty wners, develpers, neighbrhd residents and ther stakehlders t create design guidelines fr each f the develpment pprtunity areas. Wrk with ACHD, prperty wners, develpers and neighbrhd residents t develp specific streetscape standards fr the streets in the develpment pprtunity areas. Implement them as part f the capital investment plan and as redevelpment ccurs. The City f Bise wuld have t negtiate a cperative cst-sharing agreement t address acquiring rights-f-way r easements and fr imprvements beynd the standard ACHD radway crss sectin. Utilize the City's prject management system t streamline the develpment prcess and reslve issues quickly fr develpers prpsing prjects that are cnsistent with the 30th Street master plan. Wrk with the Ada Cunty Highway District, the Bise Independent Schl District # 25, and the neighbrhd t design and implement a "Safe Rutes t Schl" plan fr neighbrhd schls. CREATE A DISTINCTIVE IDENTITY; BRANDING Hire an advertising agency t develp a psitive public image and distinctive identity fr the 30th Street Area, and create a cmmunicatin campaign. As develpment ccurs which illustrates the transfrmatin sught by the master plan, bring these changes t the attentin f the press and cmmunity. Mark the intersectins at State and Rse and at Fairview Avenue and the Bise River as gateways t dwntwn. Create a design plan fr these gateways which utilizes public art, water features, mnuments and signage, public pen space and/r distinctive buildings t frame these gateways and create a sense f arrival. Wrk with cmmunity representatives in develping the design plan fr the gateways. Evaluate hw signage culd be used t clearly marks the transitin frm the surrunding area t the 30th Street planning area, and the transitin frm the arterial crridrs t the 30th Street neighbrhds. Wrk with cmmunity representatives in develping the signage plan fr neighbrhd entrances. BC, CCDC BC. CCDC BC. CCDC BC, CCDC; ITD; VPNA BC. CCDC; ACHD; ITD; VPNA BC BC, ACHD, ITD, BCSD, VPNA BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, CCDC, VPNA

185 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years INVEST IN CAPITAL PROJECTS Cmplete planning and design fr the Esther Simplt Park. Crdinate the park design with the BC, CCDC, VPNA develpment prgram fr the Park View subdistrict. Develp a budget and funding plan fr its 1.17 cnstructin. Wrk with River Recreatin Park cmmunity grup t secure resurces fr cnstructin f this park. BC Cmplete planning, design and right-f-way acquisitin fr the 30th Street Extensin. BC, ACHD, VPNA Obtain agreement between City f Bise and ACHD n street sectins fr Main Street, Fairview BC. ACHD, CCDC Avenue and 27 th Street, and determine if right-f-way r easements are needed t implement these street sectins. Crdinate building setbacks with street sectin dimensins. (See Table 2 and Figures fr preferred street sectins and plan views fr 30th Street Extensin. See Table 3 and Figures 32, 34 and 36 fr preferred street sectins and plan views f desired imprvements n Main and Fairview. See Table 4 and Figures 38, 39 and 40 fr preferred street sectins and plan views f desired imprvements n 27th Street and Stewart Avenue.) 1.2 Identify imprvements needed t strm drain and fld cntrl systems in the 30th Street planning BC, ACHD, CCDC 1.21 area t reduce fld hazards t an acceptable level f risk DEVELOP SUBDISTRICTS; DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS Cnduct a series f interviews with key prperty wners in each f the develpment pprtunity sites t acquaint them with the master plan, identity prperty wner gals, pssibilities fr land assembly and develpment, and barriers t develpment. Cntinue this cnversatin thrughut the redevelpment prcess. Identify where land assembly, land acquisitin and/r develpment partnerships wuld help implement the develpment cncept fr each subdistrict. Initiate cnversatins with prperty wners t determine their level f interest in selling prperty, land assembly and/r develpment. Wrk with CCDC t identify ptential develpment partners and a develpment prgram fr citywned prperties. Cnsult with develpers, ther experts and cmmunity representatives t test develpment prgram ideas. Wrk with the Bise City/Ada Cunty Husing Authrity t develp affrdable and wrkfrce husing units and/r ther cmmunity assets n the acreage they wn near Mre Street. BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC. CCDC; VPNA BC, HA,VPNA

186 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years Develp strategies fr making develpment f wrkfrce husing units and husing affrdable acrss a range f incmes feasible especially in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Implement these strategies t assure that a brad range f husing ptins are available as redevelpment ccurs. Wrk with a cnsrtium f prperty wners, develpers and public agencies t develp strategies fr sharing parking resurces in the develpment pprtunity areas. Develp innvative ways t finance cnstructin f parking facilities thrugh private-private, public-private and public-public partnerships. Cnduct a develpment selectin prcess fr ne r mre develpment prjects n city-wned land in the Main-Fairview subdistrict. Wrk with these develpment partners and the neighbrhd assciatin t create an verall strategy fr hw t supply and manage parking fr these prjects. Initiate cnversatins with ITD regarding future plans fr the ITD site and pssible develpment strategies and timing. Cmplete prperty transfers between ITD, ACHD and the City f Bise t establish buildable parcels alng the 30th Street Extensin. In cperatin with ACHD, develp an access management/driveway cnslidatin plan fr the develpment pprtunity areas. Apply fr federal and state grants t prvide resurces t inventry brwnfield sites and implement remediatin prgrams s land is returned t prductive use. FOCUS ON NEIGHBORHOODS Wrk with the VPNA t develp design guidelines fr neighbrhd revitalizatin. Incrprate guidelines int Bise City's design review prcess as apprpriate. Mnitr infill develpment in the 30th Street neighbrhds t assure that it is cmpatible with the neighbrhds' existing character. Wrk with cmmunity representatives t revise the design guidelines fr infill develpment if needed t address cmpatibility issues. Publicize the City's street tree planting prgram and encurage prperty wners t plant trees alng neighbrhd streets in the 30th Street area. In cperatin with neighbrhd assciatins, initiate a cde enfrcement educatin prgram t encurage prperty wners t abate nuisances and participate in paint-up, fix-up prgrams. Cnduct peridic neighbrhd clean-up campaigns. Make grants and lans available t hmewners t fix prperty cnditins that threaten health r safety. Wrk t remve prblems with prperty cnditins s the verall health f the neighbrhd is preserved. Stay in cmmunicatin with residents and prperty wners s they are well-infrmed as redevelpment prceeds. See als 1.15, , 1.18 and 1.25 abve. BC, CCDC, IHFA, HA, BCHC, NHS BC, CCDC BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, CCDC, ITD BC, ACHD, ITD BC, ACHD, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, CCDC BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, CCDC

187 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years PHASE TWO SHORT TERM Phase Tw includes cmpleting majr capital prjects intended as catalysts fr private investment; redesigning 27th Street, initiating develpment f city-wned prperties in the Main-Fairview subdistrict, and creating a develpment strategy fr the ITD, Park View and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts. Recmmended implementatin steps fr Phase Tw are listed belw CREATE A DISTINCTIVE IDENTITY; BRANDING Cntinue wrking with an advertising agency t develp a psitive public image and distinctive identity fr the 30th Street Area, and create a cmmunicatin campaign. Develp branding ideas fr the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Wrk with develpers n hw t use these ideas in their marketing f new develpment prjects. Implement the design plan fr marking the gateways n State and Rse and n Fairview at the Bise River. Implement a signage plan fr marking the transitin frm the surrunding area t the 30th Street planning area, and the transitin frm the arterial crridrs t the 30th Street neighbrhds. INVEST IN CAPITAL PROJECTS Cmplete cnstructin f 30 th Street Extensin, Esther Simplt Park and the River Recreatin Park. (See Table 2 and Figures fr preferred street sectins and plan views fr 30th Street Extensin.) Undergrund utilities adjacent t the right-f-way as part f street cnstructin. Obtain land fr and imprve a central public space and additinal urban pen spaces in the Main- Fairview subdistrict. Obtain land fr and imprve a public space in the 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistrict. As part f the 30th Street Extensin cnstructin, wrk with ACHD t install a pedestrian activated signal at Pleasantn / 30th Street Extensin intersectin t assure pedestrian and bicycle access frm the neighbrhd t the Esther Simplt Park and Bise River Greenbelt. (Included in 30th Street Extensin Final Design Plans 2011) Wrk with ACHD t prepare final redesign and streetscape plans fr Main and Fairview. Determine which imprvements will be cmpleted upfrnt by the City f Bise, ACHD r thers and hw they will be funded; and which imprvements will be built as part f the redevelpment f adjacent parcels. (See Table 3 and Figures 32, 34 and 36 fr preferred street sectins and plan views f desired imprvements n Main and Fairview.) Undergrund utilities as part f the street recnstructin. Restripe 27 th Street frm fur lanes t tw lanes and add bicycle lanes between State Street and the Main-Fairview Cuplet. Recnstruct the curb line and btain easements between Stewart and Pleasantn t als add parking lanes and streetscape. (See Table 4 and Figures 38, 39 and 40 fr preferred street sectins and plan views f desired imprvements n 27th Street.) Undergrund utilities as part f the street recnstructin. BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, ACHD, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, ACHD BC, ACHD, CCDC BC. ACHD, CCDC

188 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years Recnstruct Stewart Street frm 27th Street t 29th Street t add parking lanes and streetscape. BC, ACHD, CCDC (See Table 4 and Figure 40 fr desired imprvements n Stewart Avenue.) Undergrund utilities as 2.10 part f the street recnstructin. Wrk with VRT, CCDC and ACHD t select a rute, cnduct preliminary engineering and estimate csts fr extending the dwntwn streetcar t the 30th Street area. Develp a funding strategy fr BC, ACHD, VRT, CCDC, COMPASS 2.11 building this extensin Wrk with VRT, ACHD, ITD and ther transprtatin partners t implement bus rapid transit n State Street. BC, ACHD, ITD, VRT Identify the key streets that create a pedestrian and bicycle netwrk thrugh the 30th Street BC, ACHD, CCDC neighbrhds. Develp a streetscape plan that will make these streets memrable and enhance the image f the 30th Street area. Give attentin t clsing gaps in the sidewalk system as part f this 2.13 plan Wrk with ACHD t install signage marking the bicycle rutes shwn n Figure 46. BC. ACHD Wrk with ACHD t develp an area wide strm drainage and fld cntrl plan fr each subdistrict BC, ACHD, CCDC as redevelpment the subdistrict cmmences. Implement the strm drainage and fld cntrl plan 2.15 thrugh the capital investment plan and as redevelpment ccurs. Wrk with Idah Pwer t cnslidate the tw existing transmissin lines in the 30th Street area int BC, CCDC ne larger transmissin line DEVELOP SUBDISTRICTS: DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS Cntinue cnservatins with key prperty wners in each f the develpment pprtunity sites t acquaint them with the master plan, identity prperty wner gals, pssibilities fr land assembly and develpment, and barriers t develpment. Cntinue this cnversatin thrughut the redevelpment prcess. Identify where land assembly, land acquisitin and/r develpment partnerships wuld help implement the develpment cncept fr each subdistrict. Initiate cnversatins with prperty wners t determine their level f interest in selling prperty, land assembly and/r develpment. Wrk with ITD and ptential develpment partners t create a specific master plan and develpment prgram fr the ITD subdistrict. Give particular attentin t using the waterfrnt as an asset and creating a prminent cnnectin between State Street and the waterfrnt. Wrk with prperty wners, ptential develpment partners and the neighbrhd assciatin t create a develpment strategy fr the Park View and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts. Identify what is needed t prmpt the first develpment prjects in these areas. Wrk with the Bise City/Ada Cunty Husing Authrity t develp affrdable and wrkfrce husing units and/r ther cmmunity assets n the acreage they wn near Mre Street. BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, ITD, CCDC BC, BCACH, IHFA, BDHC

189 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years Develp strategies fr making develpment f wrkfrce husing units and husing affrdable acrss a range f incmes feasible especially in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Implement these strategies t assure that a brad range f husing ptins are available as redevelpment ccurs. Wrk with a cnsrtium f prperty wners, develpers and public agencies t develp strategies fr sharing parking resurces in the develpment pprtunity areas. Develp innvative ways t finance cnstructin f parking facilities thrugh private-private, public-private and public-public partnerships. Wrk with wners f existing private parking lts t make them available n ff-hurs t stretch parking resurces. Develp strategies t encurage prperty wners and develpers t replace parking lts with parking structures, r t phase ut the use f surface parking lts when ther parking alternatives becme available. In cperatin with ACHD, implement the access management/driveway cnslidatin plan as develpment ccurs in the subdistricts. Apply fr federal and state grants t prvide resurces t inventry brwnfield sites and implement remediatin prgrams s land is returned t prductive use. BD, CCDC, IHFA,HA, BCHC, NHS BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, ACHD, CCDC BC, EPA, DEQ, CCDC FOCUS ON NEIGHBORHOODS 2.28 Mnitr infill develpment in the 30th Street neighbrhds t assure that it is cmpatible with the neighbrhds' existing character. Wrk with cmmunity representatives t revise the design guidelines fr infill develpment if needed t address cmpatibility issues Publicize the City's street tree planting prgram and encurage prperty wners t plant trees alng neighbrhd streets in the 30th Street area Apply fr federal and state grants t prvide resurces t inventry brwnfield sites and implement remediatin prgrams s land is returned t prductive use Cntinue the cde enfrcement educatin and ther related prgrams t imprve prperty cnditin in the 30th Street area Stay in cmmunicatin with residents and prperty wners s they are well-infrmed as redevelpment prceeds. See als 2.3, 2.4, 2.6, 2.7, 2.9, 2.10, 2.13 and 2.18 abve. BC, CCDC; VPNA BC, CCDC BC, EPA, DEQ, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, CCDC, VPNA

190 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years PHASE THREE: MEDIUM TERM Phase Three fcuses n recnstructin f Main and Fairview, extensin f the dwntwn streetcar t the 30th Street area, acceleratin f develpment in the Main-Fairview subdistrict, initial develpment f the ITD, Park View and 27th Street Neighbrhd Center subdistricts and streetscape imprvements t key streets in the neighbrhd. Recmmended implementatin steps fr Phase Three are listed belw CREATE A DISTINCTIVE IDENTITY; BRANDING Cntinue wrking with an advertising agency t develp a psitive public image and distinctive identity fr the 30th Street Area, and create a cmmunicatin campaign. Develp branding ideas fr the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Wrk with develpers n hw t use these ideas in their marketing f new develpment prjects. Implement the design plan fr marking the gateways n State and Rse and n Fairview at the Bise River. Implement the signage plan fr marking the transitin frm the surrunding area t the 30th Street planning area, and the transitin frm the arterial crridrs t the 30th Street neighbrhds. BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, CCDC BC, CCDC INVEST IN CAPITAL PROJECTS 3.4 Obtain land fr and imprve a series f public spaces in the ITD subdistrict. BC, ITD, CCDC Wrk with ACHD t recnstruct Main and Fairview t reduce the number f travel lanes frm fur t BC, ACHD, CCDC 3.5 three lanes and t add bicycle and parking lanes. Undergrund utilities and install streetscape as part f the street recnstructin. (See Table 3 and Figures 32, 34 and 36 fr preferred street sectins and plan views f desired imprvements n Main and Fairview.) Undergrund utilities as part f street recnstructin. 3.6 Build the dwntwn streetcar extensin t the 30th Street area. BC, ACHD, VRT, CCDC Wrk with VRT t maintain and imprve bus service in the 30th Street area, including lcal bus stps BC, ACHD, VRT n reginal lines that use State, Main, Fairview and the 30th Street Extensin when it is built Secure funding fr and initiate implementatin f the streetscape plan in the 30th Street neighbrhds. BC, ACHD, CCDC DEVELOP SUBDISTRICTS; DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

191 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years Cntinue cnversatins with key prperty wners in each f the develpment pprtunity sites t acquaint them with the master plan, identity prperty wner gals, pssibilities fr land assembly and develpment, and barriers t develpment. Cntinue t lk fr pprtunities t assemble land and/r enter int develpment partnerships t supprt redevelpment f the 30 th Street area. Wrk with the Bise City/Ada Cunty Husing Authrity t develp affrdable and wrkfrce husing units and/r ther cmmunity assets n the acreage they wn near Mre Street. Fcus n attracting develpers interested in building transit-riented develpment in the Main- Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Use transit stps as catalysts fr private develpment. In cperatin with ITD, cnduct a develper selectin prcess fr ne r mre develpment prjects n ITD-wned land. Wrk with these develpment partners t create an verall strategy fr hw t supply and manage parking fr these prjects. Develp strategies fr making develpment f wrkfrce husing units and husing acrss a range f incmes feasible especially in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Implement these strategies t assure that a brad range f husing ptins are available as redevelpment ccurs. Wrk with a cnsrtium f prperty wners, develpers and public agencies t develp strategies fr sharing parking resurces in the develpment pprtunity areas. Develp innvative ways t finance cnstructin f parking facilities thrugh private-private, public-private and public-public partnerships. Wrk with wners f existing private parking lts t make them available n ff-hurs t stretch parking resurces. Develp strategies t encurage prperty wners and develpers t replace parking lts with parking structures, r t phase ut the use f surface parking lts when ther parking alternatives becme available. In cperatin with ACHD, implement the access management/driveway cnslidatin plan as develpment ccurs in the subdistricts. FOCUS ON NEIGHBORHOODS Mnitr infill develpment in the 30th Street neighbrhds t assure that it is cmpatible with the neighbrhds' existing character. Wrk with cmmunity representatives t revise the design guidelines fr infill develpment if needed t address cmpatibility issues. Publicize the City's street tree planting prgram and encurage prperty wners t plant trees alng neighbrhd streets in the 30th Street area. Apply fr federal and state grants t prvide resurces t inventry brwnfield sites and implement remediatin prgrams s land is returned t prductive use. Cntinue the cde enfrcement educatin and ther related prgrams t imprve prperty cnditin in the 30th Street area. BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, VRT, CCDC BC, ITD, CCDC BC, CCDC, IHFA, HA, BCHC, NHS BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, ACHD, CCDC BC, CCDC; VPNA BC, ACHD, CCDC BC, EPA, DEQ, CCDC BC, CCDC

192 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years Stay in cmmunicatin with residents and prperty wners s they are well-infrmed as redevelpment prceeds. See als 3.3, 3.9, 3.10, and 3.14 abve. BC. CCDC

193 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years PHASE FOUR: LONG TERM Phase Fur anticipates that the wrk dne in Phases 1-3 will trigger a steady stream f private develpment activity in the develpment pprtunity areas and n infill sites in the 30th Street neighbrhds. Cnstructin f majr capital prjects and any land assembly shuld be cmplete by Phase Fur. These activities will likely invlve sme frm f debt financing such as lcal imprvement districts, tax anticipatin ntes r bnds issued by the redevelpment agency (CCDC). Paying back the debt becmes a majr fcus in Phase Fur, leaving fewer resurces fr prjects. Recmmended implementatin steps fr Phase Fur are listed belw. 4.1 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Develp an exit strategy fr any urban renewal district frmed in the 30th Street area at least five years prir t its expiratin date. The exit strategy shuld address dispsitin and cntinuing maintenance f any capital prjects which will cntinue under public wnership. BC, ACHD, CCDC CAPITAL INVESTMENTS 4.2 Cmplete implementatin f the streetscape plan fr the 30 th Street neighbrhds. BC. ACHD, CCDC DEVELOPMENT IN SUBDISTRICTS & ON INFILL SITES Cntinue cnversatins with key prperty wners in each f the develpment pprtunity sites t acquaint them with the master plan, identity prperty wner gals, pssibilities fr land assembly and develpment, and barriers t develpment. Supprt private redevelpment in the develpment pprtunity sites and n infill sites in the neighbrhds. Evaluate n a cntinuing basis whether assistance is needed, what type f assistance wuld be mst effective and what resurces are available. Cntinue t wrk with the Bise City/Ada Cunty Husing Authrity t develp affrdable and wrkfrce husing units and/r ther cmmunity assets n the acreage they wn near Mre Street. Develp strategies fr making develpment f wrkfrce husing units and husing affrdable acrss a range f incmes feasible especially in the Main-Fairview and ITD subdistricts. Implement these strategies t assure that a brad range f husing ptins are available as redevelpment ccurs. Wrk with a cnsrtium with a cnsrtium f prperty wners, develpers and public agencies t develp strategies fr sharing parking resurces in the develpment pprtunity areas. Develp innvative ways t finance cnstructin f parking facilities thrugh private-private, public-private and public-public partnerships. Wrk with wners f existing private parking lts t make them available n ff-hurs t stretch parking resurces. BC, CCDC BC, CCDC BC, BCHC, HA, IHFA BC, CCDC, IHFA, HA, BCHC, NHS BC, CCDC BC, CCDC

194 30TH STREET AREA MASTER PLAN TABLE 14: IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX # ACTION PHASE RESPONSIBLE PARTY (1)(2) Years 1-3 Years 4-8 Years 9-13 Years Develp strategies t encurage prperty wners and develpers t replace parking lts with parking structures, r t phase ut the use f surface parking lts when ther parking alternatives becme available. In cperatin with ACHD, implement the access management/driveway cnslidatin plan as develpment ccurs in the subdistricts. FOCUS ON NEIGHBORHOODS Mnitr infill develpment in the 30th Street neighbrhds t assure that it is cmpatible with the neighbrhds' existing character. Wrk with cmmunity representatives t revise the design guidelines fr infill develpment if needed t address cmpatibility issues. Publicize the City's street tree planting prgram and encurage prperty wners t plant trees alng neighbrhd streets in the 30th Street area. Apply fr federal and state grants t prvide resurces t inventry brwnfield sites and implement remediatin prgrams s land is returned t prductive use. Cntinue the cde enfrcement educatin and ther related prgrams t imprve prperty cnditin in the 30th Street area. Stay in cmmunicatin with residents and prperty wners s they are well-infrmed as redevelpment prceeds. See als 4.2 abve. BC, CCDC BC, CCDC, ACHD BC, CCDC, VPNA BC, ACHD, CCDC BC, EPA, DEQ, CCDC BC, CCDC (1) The abbreviatins used in this clumn stand fr the fllwing rganizatins: BC=Bise City; ACHD=Ada Cunty Highway District; ITD=Idah Transprtatin Department; VRT=Valley Reginal Transit; CCDC=Capital City Develpment Crpratin (Bise City's redevelpment agency); COMPASS=Cmmunity Planning Assciatin f Suthwest Idah; BCSD=Bise City Schl District; HA=Bise City-Ada Cunty Husing Authrity; BCHC= Bise City Husing Crpratin; IHFA= Idah Husing & Finance Assciatin; NHS=Neighbrhd Husing Services; EPA=US Envirnmental Prtectin Agency; DEQ=Idah Department f Envirnmental Quality; VPNA=Veterans Park Neighbrhd Assciatin. (2) Where CCDC is listed as a respnsible party, the listing assumes that the Bise City Cuncil has determined that the 30th Street area meets the Idah State Cde fr urban renewal activities, has apprved an urban renewal district and revenue allcatin area and has apprved an urban renewal plan fr part r all f the 30th Street area. As Bise City's redevelpment agency, CCDC wuld be respnsible fr implementing the urban renewal plan within the bundary f the urban district using the tls prvided fr in Idah State Cde. The 30th Street Area Master Plan wuld be included as a planning reference dcument in the urban renewal plan if such a plan is adpted. (3) The interagency team is expected t have a cre grup f peple frm the agencies and rganizatins nted, and thers as needed fr particular issues. The cre representatives fr the City f Bise are expected t be frm the Bise City Mayr's Office and the Planning & Develpment Services Department. Assistance frm ther city departments and divisins including Arts & Histry, Parks & Recreatin, Cmmunity Frestry, Public Wrks, Envirnmental Quality, Husing and Cmmunity Develpment, Cde Enfrcement, Plice, Parking, Finance and Legal will be needed. Representatives frm ther agencies such as Idah Husing & Finance Assciatin, Bise City-Ada Cunty Husing Authrity and Neighbrhd Husing Services n wrkfrce husing issues will be invited t participate.

195 Appendix A Charrette Prcess In a charrette-style planning prcess, residents and ther stakehlders including business wners, prperty wners and develpers, elected fficials and ther interested citizens wrk with a team f planners, architects, landscape architects, graphic designers, and ther specialists t create a desired visin and plan fr a particular area, in this case the 30th Street planning area. The charrette prcess has several intrinsic values: The time frame fr a charrette is shrt and thus prvides fr access t a multi-disciplinary grup f experts wh therwise might nt be able t apply their skills in a lnger perid f time; The apprach is highly inclusive and transparent, allwing all participants t cllabrate in the planning prcess; The prcess is very iterative, allwing fr the develpment, testing, revising and refinement f ideas and slutins; and The utcmes are f high quality design with significant plitical and public supprt there is smething fr everyne and thus have supprt fr implementatin. Phase 1 Data Cllectin & Preliminary Analysis Kick-ff The first phase f the planning prcess began n December 15, 2006 with a kick-ff meeting including the cnsultant team and City f Bise-ACHD Steering Cmmittee. The steering cmmittee included representatives frm the ACHD, City f Bise, COMPASS, ITD, VRT, and neighbrhd representatives. The kick-ff meeting prvided an pprtunity fr the cmmittee members t share their thughts in a Strengths, Weaknesses, Opprtunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis f the planning area. The cmmittee als engaged in a mapping exercise and was given an assignment t visually inventry, with phtgraphs, each f the identified SWOTs. Data Cllectin During this first phase f wrk, data were cllected frm a variety f agencies including but nt limited t the ACHD, City f Bise and ther public agencies. Varius indicatrs were pltted n GIS maps f the area including land use, parks and sidewalks, pedestrian sheds, ptential pprtunity sites, schls and religius institutins, cmmercial parcels, water features and fldplains, land and imprvement values, grid and parcel structure, traffic cunts, histric districts and sites and large parcels. Cmmunity Outreach Outreach began with interviews f ver twenty key stakehlders in the planning area including prperty wners, residents, public agencies, develpers and investrs. These interviews served several purpses: t assess the interest and desires f the stakehlders in the planning prcess, t verify the data that had been cllected frm ther surces, and t identify factrs fr success.

196 Outreach effrts als included a series f rundtable visining sessins with three grups: cmmercial interests arund the Main/Fairview cuplet and the State Street-ITD ndes, residential interests, and interested parties alng the 30th Street Extensin alignment. The final utreach event preceding the charrette was a cmmunity visining sessin n January 30, This sessin presented the preliminary findings frm the data analysis and utreach, and recrded preferences and ratings n the SWOT analysis. SWOT - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opprtunities and Threats After cmpleting these varius frms f public utreach, the cnsultant team cmpiled and aggregated the findings. Based n the cumulative feedback frm fur public gatherings business, residential and crridr rundtables and public wrkshp the tp indicatrs in each categry were as fllws: Strengths Weaknesses Opprtunities Prximity t the River/Access t River and Park Lcatin Clse t Dwntwn Parks, Recreatin, Open Space, Educatin Husing Affrdability Discntinuus sidewalks and bike lanes Traffic cngestin, cut-thrugh traffic, nise, traffic signals Lack f funding fr public transit Lack f neighbrhd cmmercial center Parks and pen space Need t create safe access and passage t Esther Simplt Park and Bise River especially fr children High redevelpment ptential Bike Traffic: Imprve nrth/suth cnnectivity Greenbelt: Imprve access t facilitate east/west pedestrian and bicycle rutes

197 High density, mixed-use at Main/Fairview; preserve existing neighbrhd Threats Neighbrhd will get discnnected frm the Bise River with cnstructin f the 30th Street Extensin. Cngestin and cut-thrugh traffic fr neighbrs will increase Lss f wildlife Traffic Lack f affrdable husing less ecnmic diversity Mapping Exercise In additin t the SWOT analysis, participants at each public gathering were asked t gegraphically identify n maps their key issues and their cncerns. During the January 30, 2007 Cmmunity Visining Sessin these ideas were synthesized and cnfirmed n a series f cmpsite maps: Land Use and Develpment, Transprtatin and Recreatin (see Figures AA-1, 2 and 3). Figure AA-1: Land Use & Develpment Surce: 30 th Street Charrette Prcess Cmmunity Visining

198 Figure AA-2: Transprtatin Surce: 30 th Street Charrette Prcess Cmmunity Visining Figure AA-3: Recreatin Surce: 30 th Street Charrette Prcess Cmmunity Visining

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